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Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Argo




Argo

Commander John Ridge

Sloop-of-War [Sloop/Brig]

18 March 1780-6 May 1780

Pennsylvania Privateer Brig


Commissioned/First Date:

18 March 1780

Out of Service/Cause:

6 May 1780/captured by HM Frigate Iris


Owners:

Robert Duncan; and Richard Humphreys & Co., all of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Tonnage:


Battery:

Date Reported: 18 March 1780

Number/Caliber  Weight        Broadside

14/

Total: 14 cannon/

Broadside: 7 cannon/

Swivels:


Crew:

18 March 1780: 61 [total]


Description:


Officers:


Cruises:


Prizes:

(1) Sloop Swallow (Stephen Snell), [April] 1782, with Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American and Massachusetts Privateer Ship Jack

(2) British Privateer Brig Elphinston, [April] 1782, with Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American

(3) British Privateer Brig Arbuthnot (Downey), [April] 1782, with Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American

(4) Sloop [unknown], [April] 1782, with Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American


Actions:


Comments:


Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Argo was commissioned on 18 March 1780 under Commander John Ridge of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was listed as being armed with fourteen guns and having a crew of sixty men. Her $10000 bond was executed by owners Robert Duncan and Richard Humphreys, both of Philadelphia.1


Argo was at sea not long after, sailing with the Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American (Commander Stephen Decatur) and the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Jack (Commander Nathan Brown). Several prizes were captured in late March and April 1780: (1) The trio captured the sloop Swallow (Stephen Snell), which was sent into New Jersey. Swallow was libeled in the Court of Admiralty on 17 May 1780, with her trial set for 8 June 1780.2 (2) Another prize, the British Privateer Brig Elphinston, was captured by the Fair American and Argo. Elphinston was armed with twelve 6-pounders and was bound from New York, New York, to St. Christopher’s, British West Indies. She arrived in South Carolina on 16 April 1780.3 (3) Argo and Fair American also captured the British Privateer Brig Arbuthnot (Downey) and a sloop outbound from New York.4


Argo evidently parted from her consorts early in May 1780. On 6 May she was captured by HM Frigate Iris (Captain James Hawker) and sent into New York, New York. She was tried and condemned there by 1 July 1780, when an advertisement requests the crew of the Iris to apply for the prize money.5 She is listed in the High Court of Admiralty records in 1780.6



1 NRAR, 229

2 The New Jersey Gazette [Burlington], Wednesday, May 17, 1780

3 The Connecticut Courant [Hartford], Tuesday, May 23, 1780, datelined South Carolina, April 17, 1780

4 The Connecticut Courant [Hartford], Tuesday, May 23, 1780, datelined South Carolina, April 17, 1780

5 The New-York Gazette, July 1, 1780

6 HCA 32/273/6/1-6


Posted 21 September 2014 © awiatsea.com