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Granville Hough's Ship Listing Q-R





AMERICAN MARITIME UNITS AND VESSELS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 1775-1783), (INCLUDING FRENCH AND SPANISH) (Q-R)




by Granville W. Hough



-Q-R-


In the following listings of vessels, boats were small open vessels propelled by oars or sails and included whaleboats, longboats, cutters, barges, flatboats, shallops, and similar vessels. They operated close to shore. Brigs and brigantines were two-masted vessels, most capable of transatlantic voyages. A brig could be rigged as a brigantine. Galleys were low, single-decked vessels propelled by oars or sails which were used for coastal and river defense. Schooners were small vessels of two or more masts rigged fore and aft, capable of carrying guns and fighting at sea. Sloops were small single-masted vessels rigged fore and aft. Pilot boats were light sloops required in harbors. Ships were ocean-going vessels of three or more masts, though large brigs or schooners were sometimes listed as ships. Ships used for prisons by the British and by the Americans were generally de-masted hulks. Prison ships are included as their records of prisoners are valuable.


Quebec.
ND9:115, British schooner, Lt Thomas R. Shivers, RN, purchased 15 June 1777.

Quebec.
ND6:452, Lux:92, 96, 199n18, ship.FW3:602, SchV:47, British vessel, 32 guns, blown up and burned in action with French frigate Surveillante, off Ushant in 1779.DaviesXIX:820, 1493.Volo:55, 266, frigate, 36 guns.Coggins:158.

Queen.
C38, British prison ship in England, 1777.DaviesXIII:1181.Volo:266.

Queen.
ND6:449, American ship ready to be commissioned 21 June 1776.

Queen of Angels.
ND2:1078, British schooner, Capt Dussau, captured 20 Nov 1775 in St Lawrence River, near Montreal.

Queen Charlotte.
Tuchman:267, 268, British warship captured by French and put into the French navy.

Queen Charlotte.
McM:305, 328, DaviesXX:258, British LM ship, prize of PA privateers, Aug 1780 or Nov 1781, reported from Charleston, Lord Rawdon on board.Eller:513, it became a tender, Cont. Navy, and carried Washington to meet De Grasse in Sep 1781.DaviesXX:258.

Queen of England.
Force:5:III:1530, Allen:155, ND4:940, 995, ND5:1177, 1308, 1347, ND6:1347, ND7:728, ND10:1205, British ship/transport, Capt James Arnaud/Arnout, 250 tons, London to Halifax, captured 31 Jul 1776 by the American George, Capt Caleb Hopkins. It is also shown captured by Shark 6 Nov 1776.(Pending the identity of the Shark, this could be a recapture.) C155.

Queen of England.
RM8:447-448, small transport ship which helped move General Greene’s soldiers from Charleston to the Chesapeake Bay, May 1783.

Queen of France.
Barnes:xxx, seven cruises were authorized for letters-of-marque named Queen of France, but it is not clear how many separate vessels there were.

Queen of France.
NR:423, ND10:913, LCP:218/219,C127, LM PA sloop, 10 guns, 30 men, formerly Capt John Green of NY, June 1778, Capt James Montgomery, Nov 1778 (Record 997); Capt Peter Brewster, Jul 1779.

Queen of France.
Also shown with 20/28 guns, 1777-1780. ND10:913, ND11:934, Cont. Navy frigate, formerly La Brune, Capt John Green.FW3:836, Augur:165, Maclay:206, Buel:87, Smith:248-249, SchV:56, C171, old French frigate purchased from France, built at Nantes, one of 11 ships sacrificed in the Cooper River at Charleston to prevent the British from moving upriver in 1780.Volo:91, 111, 112, Lt Thomas Simpson.Ford1778:740, Ford1780:584, 934.JA6:80, 168, 9:512.Fowler:103-105.Silverstone:10, sunk 11 May 1780.Paullin:517, served 1777-1780.Chapelle:95, 96.

Queen of France.
NR:424, LCP:218/219, LM MD brigantine, 18 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Sanders, Sep 1779, captured at Charleston, May 1780.C251,the vessel commanded by Capt John Peck Rathburn, June 1779, which took two prizes.C227, JA8:30, 31, possibly the vessel commanded by Capt Joseph Olney in Mar 1779, when he helped capture the British Hibernia. Coggins:204.

Queen of France.
NR:424, LCP:218/219, LM PA ship, 12 guns, 50 men, Capt John Hunt/Hunn, Dec 1781, Capt Richard Dale, Aug 1782.Barnes:xxx, this vessel may have been the former ship Count de Artois.
M:274, took part in the Spanish/American capture of Nassau.

Queen of France.
Allen:246, NR:424, LCP:218/219, MA privateer ship of 12 guns, 40 men, Capt John Dixey of Newburyport, 24 Feb 1781 (Record 620), and then probably Capt Thomas Tracy of Newburyport, 23 Nov 1782 (Record 997).

Queen of Hungary.
Greenwood:84, sloop moving arms and ammunition in 1776 from Martinique to Philadelphia.

Queen of Portugal.
R77:408, ND9:593, ND10:90, British brigantine, Capt Richard Tibbey/Tibby, Corke to Lisbon, captured 6 Aug 1777 by Oliver Cromwell, libelled in MA Middle District, 1777.

Queen of Spain.
Allen:247, NR:425, LCP:218/219, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns 15 men, Capt Tristram Barnard of Boston, 11 Feb 1782 (Record 546).

Queen of Sweden.
NR:425, LCP:218/219, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt John Willson, Sep 1780 (Record 1076).

Quero.
ND1:476, 991, 1306, HartIII:6, MA vessel from Salem, Capt John Derby, which took the message of the outbreak of war to London, sailing 29 April 1775.He got to Whitehall, England, 1 June 1775.

Quicktime.
NR:425, LCP:218/219, LM PA boat, 1 gun, 20 men, Capt Joseph Badcock, Sep 1781 (Record 909).


Rabbit.
ND1:715, 749, probably American vessel, Capt Fraser, carried Henry Lauren’s letters from Charleston to London, 24 June 1775.

Racehorse.
ND5:888, British sloop, Lt Charles Everitt, RN, purchased 2 Jul 1776.

Racehorse (HM).ND3:341, British mortar galiot, became Thunder, brig commissioned and sheathed 24 Jan 1776.

Race Horse.
10 guns, 1777.
GWA:701, LewisohnF:36, British navy schooner/sloop, 10/12 guns, captured near Puerto Rico by American Andrea Doria in Oct 1776, and taken into the Cont. Navy.SchV:41, Coggins:204, schooneror sloop of war, captured from the British in Dec 1776 by an American squadron, led by the Andrea Doria,destroyed in the Delaware River, Nov 1777.ND4:919. ND6:1171, ND7:1172, ND8:747, ND10:600, ND11:448, Mc:379, Emmons:40/41, British sloop of war, Capt William/James Jones, RN, captured Dec 1776 by the Andrew Doria, Capt Isaiah Robinson, taken into Cont. Navy as the Surprise, later destroyed in the Delaware 26 Nov 1777 by the British attack.C261.Ford1777:292.Volo:130, 266.Silverstone:13, 365 tons.ChapelleHL:92, purchased 14 Feb 1776.

Racehorse.
Silverstone:91, British bomb sloop, formerly the French Marquis de Vaudreuil, said captured Dec 1778.

Racehorse.
Sands:211, British snow transport, 231 tons, 8 guns, Capt Christopher Chismam, owners George Chisman and Mr. Coombes, baggage carrier to Yorktown, sunk during the Battle, Oct 1781.

Racehorse.
SchV:50, British vessel, 14 guns, Lt G. Brisac, in 1781 lost off Beachy Head.

Race Horse.
ND11:294, schooner from Bermuda, Capt Hutchins, delivered salt to Newington, NC and took back pork to Bermuda, 5 Feb 1778.

Racehorse.
ND10:217, ND11:453, British sloop, Lt Charles H. Jordan, RN, captures Guest, 19 Oct 1777, Liberty, c 1777/78.

Race Horse
1 gun.Coggins:99, Silverstone:19, PANavy:343, armed guard boat, PA Navy, c 1777.

Race Horse.
ND1:769, 955, ND2:1373, American transport sloop, Capt Simeon Turner, Kennebec to Marblehead, captured in Jul 1775 by HM Merlin and HM Hope, condemned and sold in Boston. Smith:207, McMA:96, Capt Simeon Turner, used in the Penobscot Expedition of 1779.Chapelle:79.

Race Horse.
Capture:63, Allen:247, MA privateer sloop, Cape François to Salem, 8 guns, 20 men, master Clifford Byrne, 24 Jun 1780, captured 4 Sep 1780 off Cape Cod, by HM ships Delaware, Delight, Bonetta, and the armed sloop Howe, owners Nathaniel Silsbee and others of Salem.H:172, LM vessel from Beverly, MA, taken by British, 1780.Crewmen listed in MAS.

Race Horse.
Allen:247, NR:425, LCP:220/221, LM MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Nathaniel Thayer of Boston, 29 May 1781 (Record 358).

Race Horse.
Allen:247, Paine:458, NR:426, LCP:220/221, one or two LM MA privateer schooners, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Thomas Oliver of Marblehead, 25 Mar 1782 (Record 566); then probably Capt Alexander Storey of Salem, 30 Aug 1782 (Record 95).One of these captured the British schooner Dolphin.

Rachael.
Force:5:III:1530, ND6:379, ND7:710, British ship, Capt Moses Henry/Henery, Grenada to London, 350 tons, taken by MA Tyrannicide, and retaken by British Galatea, 29/31 Aug 1776.

Rachel.
CTP:177, British ship from Bristol England to New York, captured in Cranberry Inlet, NJ, in Aug 1778, captured by the CT Princess Mary, Capt Benjamin Pratt.C248.

Rachel.
DaviesXVI:475, 2928, British storeship, lost in 1779/80.

Rachel.
McM:283, British schooner which was captured and burned off Nova Scotia by MA Chace, Nov 1781.

Rachel.
ND1:1366, ND4:37, 130, 199, brig, 10 men 120 tons, Capt John Clay, chartered by R. Morris for the Cont. service, to be used to transport Capt Francis Pilgrim Isherwood to France, 7 Mar 1776.

Rachell.
DaviesX:345, ND4:648, ND5:648, DaviesX:1906, American brig from Philadelphia, Capt Thomas Pitt, permit to sail down river 30 Apr 1776, then delivered items to America, Jul 1776.

Rachel.
ND1:709, 1372, 1381, ND2:704, ND3:1370, MD vessel, Capt James Tibbett, London to Patuxent, MD, 5 Sep 1775, with letters from John Hobson to Stephen West, then back to Baltimore 13 Nov 1775. ND4:1168, brig, Capt Tibbit, made at least one trip in 1776 to get gunpowder for MD.

Rachel.
ND11:80, American schooner, Capt John Smith, overdue at Newbern, NC, arrived 8 Jan 1778.

Rachel.
ND11:145, American schooner, Capt Mark Burnham, captured and destroyed 16 Jan 1778 by British Carysfort, Capt Robert Fanshawe.

Rachel.
ND11:689, Bermuda schooner with salt, Capt Purnell Johnston, captured by British Loyal Subject, 18 Mar 1778.

Rachel.
M:360, Salley:204, 205, and others, in 1778 an SC Navy sloop.

Rachel.
Allen:247, MA privateer ship, 14 guns, 75 men, 1779.

Rachel.
Smith:207, McMA:96, transport schooner, Capt John Wylie, used in the Penobscot Expediton of 1779.Crewmen listed in MAS.

Rachael and Betsey.
R80I:359, apparently a French ship from Grenada, Capt Le Touzi, captured in 1779.

Racoon.
DE:941, British sloop of war, Capt Edmund Neagle, piloted by American prisoner Luke Shield, captured 12 Sep 1782,by French frigates L’Aigle/Eagle, Capt La Touche, and La Gloire, off the Delaware.Luke Shield also piloted L’Aigle until it went aground in the Delaware, then Luke Shield held as a prisoner.The captain and crew of the Racoon were transferred to L’Aigle, from which they were rescued two days later by Capt George Elfinstone’s squadron.

Racoon/Raccoon.
NR:425, LCP:220/221, LM PA schooner, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt John Brice, Jun 1781.

Racoon.
R82I:238, American vessel, 50 tons, 10 men,captured by British Nymphe, Amphion in 1781.

Raikes.
SchV:45, British armed transport, 14 guns, Capt N. Thompson, captured by the French in the East Indies in 1782.

Railleuse/Railleur.
Villiers:300, 305, French vessel which escorted convoys to West Indies, 1780-82.

Rainbow (1).
GWNavy:229, ND2:1199, 1263, ND3:783, ND4:1025, ND5:1025, ND7:1273, ND10:1205, Nelson:244, British schooner, 45 tons, Capt John McMonagle, captured 25 Nov 1775 by the Warren, Capt Adams, trial 6 Oct 1776.

Rainbow (2).
GWNavy:231, Mc:438, Hearn:135, ND3:1301, ND4:3, 296, ND7:1118, British sloop, 60 tons, Capt Samuel Perkins, captured 29 Jan 1776 by the Franklin, Capt Samuel Tucker, and the Lee, taken to Cape Ann, MA, and released.

Rainbow.
ND4:828, schooner, probably British, expenses, 15 Apr 1776.

Rainbow.
R78:40, ND10:313, 366, British brigantine, Capt Gordon, Luncrich to Pensacola, captured and taken to Guadeloupe, 1777.

Rainbow (HMS). ND1:1322, ND3:533, ND4:1093, ND5:1358, ND6:448, ND7:965, ND8:1043, ND9:34, ND10:125, ND11:184, British ship, Capt Sir George Collier, 44 guns 280 men, drafted 59 sailors from prison, 30 May 1777.He captured several American vessels. (Whether American or British sailors not stated.)DaviesXII:246, 251, XIII:816, 863, XIV:61, 180, captures Hancock, 142-44, XV:66, XVI:559, 644, XVII:130, 133, XIX:516, 772.JA5:272, 284.Volo:129, 185, 169, 266.Chapelle:73.Coggins:203.U:43.

Rainbow.
ND3:1107, 1109, Salem bound sloop, captured by the British Fowey, Capt George Montague, 29 Jan 1776 or 2 Feb 1776.

Rainbow.
ND11:646, American schooner, Cap David Wyer, captured by British Stork, 14 Mar 1778, and sent to Jamaica.

Rainbow.
NR:426, CTP:179, 243, LCP:220/221, LM CT galley, 2 guns, 35 men, Capt George House, 2 Jul 1781 (Record 800).The next day there was another LM for the same galley, Capt Peter Brown/Brunn, Jr, 3 Jul 1781 (Record 830), who took one prize; then later for Capt Aaron Meech, Nov 1781 (Record 839), who took three coasters, but lost them to recapture, and he had to abandon and scuttle his own vessel.

Rainbow.
ND7:1118, Allen:247, NR:426, LCP:220/221, MA privateer sloop, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Nathaniel Coit Webb of Salem, 5 Apr 1782 (Record 314).

Rainbow.
Allen:247, Paine:458, NR:427, LCP:220/221, LM MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Oliver Webb of Salem, 9 Oct 1782 (Record 218).

Rainbow.
NJNavy:217, wartime armed whaleboat of the NJ naval militia.Appeals Cases 91-92, captured a prize and brought it into Egg Harbor, Capt Andrew Steelman of the galley Rainbow was killed, and Lt David Scull was wounded.Col Richard Somers was co-owner.Capt John Babcock/Badcock was Capt in May 1782.

Raisonable (HMS).
ND1:426, ND2:699, British vessel, in Plymouth drydock 1 Sep 1775.ND4:1100, ND5:1370, ND6:447, ND7:802, ND8:587, ND9:250, ND10:148, British ship, 64 guns, 280 men, Capt Thomas Fitzherbert, RN, drilling crews 6 May 1776.ND11:1017, captured Dalton, William. Cog:36. DaviesXIII:533, 2158, XIV:103, 260, XV:64, 172, XVI:550, 975, XVII:120, 131.Volo:127, 266.Fowler:117.Paullin:350.Miller:75, Sir George Collier’s flagship.Coggins:166.

Rake’s Delight.
Robertson(1979):134, ND6:1169, brig of Sunbury, GA captured by British Squirrel 16 Apr 1776 and taken to Jamaica.

Rale de Nantes.
Villiers:399, goelette in North Atlantic trade, 1780.

Raleigh.
Paullin:91, NH brig, built at Dartmouth 13 Dec 1775.

Raleigh.
R77:233, American privateer, Capt John Barry, from VA, captured by British in 1777.Paullin:408, one brig named Raleigh was captured by the British frigate Phoenix.
Possibly Silverstone:20.

Raleigh/Rawley, 32 guns, 200 men, 1777-1778. GWA:701, ND2:804, 807, ND3:90, 197, ND4:1377, 1441, ND5:497, ND6:1489, ND7:1304, ND8:992, ND9:250, 941, ND10:1045, ND11:998, Augur:249, Buel:87, Smith:246, SchV:53, DaviesXIII:2427, Continental frigate, 32 guns, Capt John Langdon and Capt Thomas Thompson, Sep 1776, taken by the British at Wooden Ball Island 27 Sept 1778 by the British Experiment, Capt Wallace, and Unicorn, and used against the Americans at Charleston in 1780.This vessel was with the Alfred on its 1777 voyage to France and and still with it at Alfred’s capture in 1778, but escaped.Smith:138, returned from France via the West Indies in 1777.Griffin:93, 96, 98, shows this 32 gun ship under Capt John Barry in 1777 with orders to break the blockade, ran aground on the rocks off Boston and was captured by two British vessels before 27 Sep 1778.She was refloated by the British and became HMS Raleigh, which fought at Charleston in 1780. She was decommissioned 10 June 1781 and sold 17 Jul 1783.Ford1776:423, 861, Ford1779:1193.JA7:99, 224.CTN:221.Volo:82, 90, 112.Fowler:93, 147-148, other.Silverstone:3.Paullin:516, served 1775-1779.Chapelle64, 67, many.

Raleigh.
Coggins:102, ND4:1276, ND5:1276, ND6:1478, ND7:916, ND8:1058, ND9:959, VANavy:155, Dandridge:186, brig in VA Navy, formerly the Hope, 1776-77, Capts James Cocke and Edward Travis, captured by British frigate Thames, 25 April or May 1777.C314.Ford1777:607.

Rallieuse.
Syrett(1989):191, 195, British vessel in North American waters.

Ramble.
R82I:238, American privateer, 90 tons, 48 men, 10 guns, in 1781 captured by British Nymphe, Amphion.

Rambler(Ranger).
ND10:1207, British sloop, Capt Atkins, 80 tons, New York to Halifax, taken by the Sweat, 6 Jul 1779.

Rambler.
Sands :211, British brig, 16 guns, in the convoy which brought General Arnold to VA in 1780, believed to have been sunk in the Battle of Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Rambler.
CTP:85, British brig, captured in late 1781 by CT brigantine Fair American, Capt Peleg Eldred.
C101.

Rambler.
Peabody:232, British brig captured in the North Atlantic in 1782 by the MA Grand Turk, Capt Joseph Pratt, and sent into Salem.McM:212, McMA:173.

Rambler.
ND6:294, VA lugger, Capt John Southcomb, given permit to sail to and trade at St Eustatia and other authorized ports, 1776.

Rambler.
ND7:845, American schooner, Capt Buffington, arrived at York River, VA, 2 Jan 1777.

Rambler.
ND9:538, ND10:481, 810, ND11:739, 740, American privateer sloop, Capt Nathaniel Monro, 1777, privateer in West Indies in Mar 1778.It hit rocks and sank 13 Nov 1777, but was shown stationed in the West Indies 20 Mar 1778.

Rambler.
ND10:993, American ship, between Cape Pines and Bilboa, 15 Nov 1777.ND11:901, possibly the ship in Newfoundland port 10 Jan 1778.

Rambler.
Allen:248, one or two MA privateer schooners, 2/8 guns, 20 men, Capt Jonathan Felt, 9 Dec 1777, owners Thomas Mason and Joshua Dodge of Salem.

Rambler.
Allen:248, MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 20 Men, Capt Moses Lewis, 20 Apr 1778, owners William Shattuck and others of Boston.

Rambler.
ND7:1108, 1227, MA ship, owner Andrew Cabot, requested permit to go to Europe for Saltor woolens for the Army in lieu, 18 Feb 1777.Howe:415, ND11:901, the Beverly, MA, ship was probably a trader owned by the Cabot family when it was commissioned in 1777, Capt George Cabot.It may have been under Capt Simmons later.

Rambler.
NR:428, Allen:248, there are other records for a Beverly MA ship of this name, 200 tons, 14 guns, 50 men, LM operating under Capt Benjamin Lovett in 16 Oct 1779, May 1780, and 14 Feb 1782.Crewmen listed in MAS.JA8:311, possibly the merchant ship mentioned.

Rambler.
NR:427, LCP:220/221, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt John McFatridge, Feb 1779.

Rambler.
C211, NH schooner, 6 swivels, 16 men, Capt Joshua Moore, May 1779.

Rambler.Allen:248, MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 85 men, Capt George Williams, Jr, of Salem, 5 Jul 1779; Capt John Stevens, 2 Sep 1779, owner Samuel Williams of Salem.Kaminkow:232, captured off Portugal 21 Oct 1779, by HMS Siby, Capt Thomas Pasley, and HMS Hinchinbrooke, Capt John Wainwright.The Rambler was libeled in London Admiralty Court on 10 Jan 1780.

Rambler.
Allen:248, Paine:459, LCP:220/221, MA privateer ship, 14 guns, 50 men, Capt Benjamin Lovett, Oct 1779 and Feb 1782 (Record540).

Rambler.
Maclay:90, Mill:138-139, LCP:220/221, Kaminkow:232, privateer brig commanded by Naval officer James Sever/Seveir, taken 21 Oct 1779 (Record 639) , crew to Mill Prison 16 Feb 1780.

Rambler.
NR:427, LCP:220/221, LM MD schooner, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt James Tate, Aug 1780.

Rambler.
ND7:92, 625, 845, ND10:709, VA schooner, Capt Buffington, in trade with St Eustatia, 11 Dec 1777.
NR:427, LCP:220/221, LM MD brigantine, 10 guns 25 men, Capt Jonathan Buffinton, Sep 1780 .

Rambler.
Maclay:210, Salem, MA, privateer schooner in 1781.Allen:249, NR:427, LCP:220/221, LMschooner, 4 guns, 25 men, Capt William Maloy, Jr, 9 Aug 1780, Capt Benjamin Fuller, 28 Oct 1780 (Record 612).Capture:63, privateer, Benjamin Fuller master, 8 guns, 30 men, from Newburyport, captured while ashore in St. Margaret’s Bay near Halifax 20 Jul 1781, by British brigantine, Lady Hamilton, tender to HMS Charlestown.
.

Rambler.
NR:428, LCP:220/221, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 60 men, Capt John Derry/Durry, Aug 1781.

Rambler.
Allen:249, NR:427, LM MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 25 men, 10 Apr 1781, Capt John/Joseph Sevier/Servier/Seveir of Newburyport.

Rambler.
Silverstone:92, American victualer, 13 guns, said to have captured the sloop Snake, 13 June 1781.

Rambler.
Allen:249, MA privateer brigantine, 18 guns, of Boston, Aug 1781.Chased the British Henrietta into Loch Swillie, along with the Cicero.

Rambler.
M880:3, Petersburg, VA schooner, Capt Roger Barrow, in support of Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Ramillies (HMS).
ND1:426, RM6:625, ND4:1015, ND6:447, 504, JA8:372, 10:94, SchV:50, British warship, 74 guns, 350 men, Rear Admiral T. Graves and Capt Moriarty, foundered in a 1782 galenear Bermuda and burned by order of Admiral Graves, with crew members saved in merchant ships later captured by American John Barry.ND3:1408, ND5:1370, ND9:509, Americans recorded the Capt as George MacKenzie, and in 17 Jul 1777 as Capt Robert Digby.DaviesXVI:1726, 2330.Syrett:74.

Ramsey.
Griggin:169, 174, mentioned in Congressional Committee reporting on lost ships, 1782.This ship was later lost to the British.

Randolph.
ND7:1056, Sloop, Capt John Sanford, captured by Antiqua, in 1777.

Randolph.
merchant ship in West Indies trade, 1777.Johnston:374, possibly the privateer in 1777.

Randolph.
32 guns, 1777-78. GWA:701, ND3:90, ND4:164, 497, ND5:497, ND6:1200, ND7:1269, ND8:702, ND9:76, 920, ND10:789, Buel:87, SchV:56, C24, Fowler:119, American frigate, Capt Nicholas Biddle, blown up on first cruise from Charleston, 7 Mar 1778, in an engagement in the West Indies with a British warship, the Yarmouth, Capt Vincent. ND11:1177, Capt Biddle had instructions for William Bingham on Martinique and other persons in the clandestine aid business at St. Eustatius, Curaçao, Cape François, and Mole St. Nicholas.DaviesXIII:1073, XV:44.Volo:89, 90, 91, 112, 132, Capt Samuel Nicholson.Silverstone:4.Paullin:517, served 1777-1778.Chapelle:57, many.Coggins:203.

Randolph.
Kaminkow:232, American vessel, captured Jan 1779, probably one of the above.Ford:1776:423, 999, Ford1777:761.

Randolph.
NR:428, LCP:220/221, LM MD brig, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt John Gifford, Sep 1780.

Randolph.
Maclay:171, NR:428, CTP:180, LCP:220/221, C113, CTP:250-151, New London, CT, privateer sloop, Capt Nicoll Fosdick, 18 guns, 90 men; Capt Augustus Peck, Jun 1781 (Record 876), in all took sixteen prizes, including British sloop Achilles, Williamson, Venus, Hunter, Pontus, Fox.NLHS:I:IV:30, also shows Capt Charles Bulkley.

Ranger (HM).
ND1:247, ND5:1092, 1365, ND6:569, British sloop, 8 guns, 80 men, Capt Roger Wills, RN, orderd to sail from England and to gather stragglers 4 May 1776.

Ranger.
ND4:139, ND5:212, 444, British sloop, Capt Thomas Dobbs, RN, captured 2 Mar 1776 and sunk 23 May 1776, but also said to have sailed to Halifax 30 May 1776.This same vessel is shown as American and captured at Gravesend Bay, New York 24 Mar 1776 by British Phoenix.

Ranger.
ND10:1205, 1208, British schooner, Capt Lewis, 40 tons, from Nova Scotia, fishing, by the Putnam, 13 Dec 1776.Also shown captured by John Ravell, trial 21 nov 1780.

Ranger.
ND7:743, ND8:849, ND9:509, British sloop, Capt Edward V. Yates, RN, captured by Thames, 25 Apr 1777, but a ship of this name was later cruising the English Channel, 17 Jul 1777.

Ranger.
ND7:846, ND8:1055, British ship, Capt James Renown, captured by Americans, recaptured by British Phoenix, 1777.(ND3:404, this may be vessel of Capt James Remon.)

Ranger.
ND9:865, British brig, Capt P. Townsend, captured by Americans, then recaptured by British Lark, 2 Sep 1777.

Ranger.
CTN:45, 52, 311, 315, British sloop from St. Augustine captured 21 Jun 1778, near Charleston, SC, by CT Navy ship Defence, Capt Samuel Smedley, but it escaped. C283.Searcy:135-36, 138, possibly the vessel mentioned.

Ranger.
ND11:129, Antigua (probably British) sloop, Capt Stephen Phillips, captures Christiana, Swallow, c 1778.

Ranger.
ND11:129, Antigua (probably British) sloop, Capt William Farley, captures Putnam, Huron, c 1778.

Ranger.
CTP:54, British privateer brig, captured 19 Jan 1779 by CT ship Beaver and others.

Ranger.
CTP:73, H:185-186, British privateer brig/frigate, captured 4 Mar 1779, at Sag Harbor, LI, by Capt Daniel Havens, Capt Edward Conkling of the CT sloop Eagle, and Capt Nathan Sage of the CT brigantine Middletown on 29 Jan 1779.C268.

Ranger.
CTRec:606, British sloop, 8 guns, 35 men, captured in Jun 17?? by CT privateer sloop, Volante, Capt Daniel.

Ranger.
ND10:1208, British schooner, Capt McGray, 35 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by John Ravell, 21 Nov 1780.

Ranger.
Sands:212, British brig, horse transport, 117 tons, Capt Michael Neal, in VA 17 Aug 1781, presumed that she was there and captured in the Battle of Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Ranger.
ND10:1209, British schooner, Capt Elisha Hopkins, Bermuda to Liverpool, N. S., taken by the MA privateer Resolution, trial 30 Apr 1782.

Ranger.
Appeals Case 83, ND3:1370, sloop, Capt Neil McNeil, captured 19 Jan 1782 by CT forces.

Ranger.
ND2:395, American ship, Capt Peter Amiel, paid fees at Oxford, MD, Sep 1775.

Ranger.
ND3:1370, probably American sloop, Capt Jacob Small, entered Baltimore from Barbados, 18 Dec 1775 and made non-British declaration.

Ranger.
ND4:1370, probably American sloop, Capt William McNeil, entered Baltimore from Turks Island, 18 Dec 1775, and made non-British declaration.

Ranger.
ND2:1377, 890, 967, GWNavy:229, Mc:283, ND2:890, 967, 1377, American sloop, captured by British Cerberus, recaptured 7 Nov 1775 by the Lee, Capt John Manley. Capt William McGlathery was Captain at one of the captures and Henry Bower at the other, most likely. ND2:890, 1154, American sloop, captured 5 Nov 1775 by British Cerberus, Capt James Symonds, recaptured 7 Nov 1775 by Capt Lee.Owner was Capt William McGlathery.

Ranger.
ND2:563, 235, 581, 1102, ND3:1178, 1322, ND4:202, 858, PA Armed Boat/Row Galley, 31 Aug 1775, added to state navy Aug 1776. Paullin:377, R76I:364, PANavy:339, ND5:858, ND6:1205, PA river galley in 1776-77, Capts Robert Hume, John/James Mitchell, Dec 1776, and Capt James M’Gomary/Montgomery, in 1777.Silverstone:19.Paullin:377.

Ranger.
13 guns.
Maclay:76, PA harbor defense ship captured a privateer in 1775.

Ranger.
ND4:89, vessel, probably American, active in 1776.

Ranger.
Maclay:75, PA snow of 14 guns captured two ships in 1776.

Ranger.
Force:5:III:1523, ND5:306, American vessel, master David Wran, from Nantucket, fishing, captured 30 May 1776 by British Orpheus.

Ranger.
Force:5:III:1525, ND4:1297, 1344, 1383, American vessel, abandoned, St Eustatius to Philadelphia, captured 27 April 1776 by British Roebuck.

Ranger.
NR:428, CTP:186, LCP:220/221, ND6:910, 1080, ND8:320, ND10:590, NLHS:I:IV:30,CTP:186, LM CT brig, 2 guns, 10 men, Capt Elisha Lathrop, 5 Oct 1776-1777 (Record 662).

Ranger.
ND6:751, 1171, 1285, ND8:413, American brig captured by British Antelope, 25 Sep or 15 Oct 1776, or 23 Apr 1777.Shown as two brigs, one from PA, and one from Cont. Navy.

Ranger.
ND6:1308, sloop, Cont. Navy, active 1776.

Ranger.
Allen:249, ND7:1024, 637, MA privateer schooner, 2 guns, 30 men, Capt Peter Roberts/ Roger Robbins, 25 Sep 1776, owners Jonathan Titcomb & Comp of Newburyport, listed prisoners exchanged 31 Dec 1776.

Ranger.
ND7:58, 272, 469, 1013, ND8:1017, ND9:9, 941, Continental Navy sloop, building at Portsmouth, Capt John Roche, 3 June 1777.Morison:179, many references, Cont. sloop of war, 18 guns, 123 men, under Capt. John Paul Jones, sent to Paris in 1777 with duplicate message of Burgoyne's surrender.Bryant:89, it arrived two days after the Perch reached France.NantucketRL:368,20 men and boys from Nantucket were said to be in his crew, but this may have been later on his frigate.C262.JA9:512.Paullin:517, served 1777-1780.Possibly Chapelle:86, 90.Coggins:110.

Ranger.
ND7:509, MA schooner, Capt Jeremiah Pearson, requested permit to go to other colonies to find meat or other food, 18 Dec 1776.

Ranger.
ND6:1205, ND7:834,, ND8:1036, ND9:942, PA row galley, Capt James/John Mitchell, lists deserters 10 Oct 1776, and at Chester, PA, 19 Sep 1777.Vessel returned to state 1 Jan 1777.Silverstone:19.Paullin:377, added to state navy Aug 1776.

Ranger.
CTP:7, CT sloop, David Latham, chartered in 1777 to go to Hispanola for salt.

Ranger.
ND7:846, American brig, Capt James Renown, captured 2 Jan 1777 by British Phoenix.

Ranger.
R77:232, ND7:1130, ND8:1056, American vessel, Capt John Sandford/Sanford, from Cape François, captured by British Preston 27 May 1777.

Ranger.
R77:233, ND7:1324, ND8:82-83, 1058, ND11:126, American vessel, Capt William Davis/Davies, from St. Lucia, captured 28 Feb 1777 by British Camilla, Perseus, Capt John Linzee, condemned at Antigua 4 Apr 1777.

Ranger.
ND8:273, 491, ND11:127, American sloop, Capt Daniel Bigelow, captured by British Antigua, Capt William Sweeney, condemned at Antigua 28 Apr 1777.

Ranger.
American sloop captured 29 Apr 1777 by British Scarborough.

Ranger.
ND9:921, American schooner, Capt Israel Lewis, captured by British True Briton, 12 Sep 1777.

Ranger.
ND10:242, 107, RI privateer sloop, Capt Isaac Eslick, captures British Sally, Union, 1777.

Ranger.
Case 47, CT schooner, Capt William Smith Scudder, owned by citizens of Norwalk, CT, used to raid Long Island villages. CTP:188, NY privateer schooner, Capt William Smith Scudder of Norwalk, CT, on 20 Dec 1778 captured British merchandise at Huntington Bay, Long Island, NY, and on 11 Oct 1779 captured a British sloop.

Ranger.
ND10:590, CT privateer sloop, Capt Jasper Smith, active in 1777.
NR:428, CTP:186, LCP:222/223, LM CT sloop, 4 guns, 30 men, Capt Jasper Smith, Sep 1777 (Record 681).

Ranger.
18 guns, crew of 158, 1777-1780. GWA:701, ND10:1108, ND11:1197n, Fanning:107, Buel:87-89, U. S. Navy frigate, under John Paul Jones, operated in Irish Channel in 1778.Fowler:103, others, C171, 280, 281, 323, Cont. Capt Thomas Simpson, Feb 1779.Maclay:120, 206, in action in West Indies in 1779.FW3:836, Dandridge:174-175, Smith:248, SchV:54, used in the defense of Charleston, but was captured there in 12 May 1780 by HMS Raleigh and other vessels.The crew for this frigate is listed on JA6:183 and on other pages of that volume.JA7:3, 398, 9:224, 471.The frigate was taken into British service and renamed the Halifax.
It is said to have been sold as a merchant ship in 1781.Paullin:517.

Ranger.
H:166, American vessel from New London, CT, Capt and owner Tracy, captured by British in 1778.

Ranger.
ND11:207, 305, Bermuda sloop, Capt Dunscomb, returning from NC with food for Bermuda, captured by the Hammond, Capt Bridger Goodrich, 25 Jan 1778.

Ranger.
ND11:184, American brigantine, 14 guns, formerly sloop Trumbull, cruised French islands 18 Jan 1778.

Ranger’s prize.
Mill:137, British vessel, not named, captured by the privateer Ranger, was recaptured by the British in West Indies Feb 1778 and prize crew sent to Mill Prison.

Ranger.
R78:99, ND11:655, American brig, Capt James Tilleston, from Martinico, captured by British Favorite, 20 Feb 1778, sent to St Kitts.

Ranger.
NR:429, LCP:220/221, LM PA brig, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt John Warden, Jul 1778 (Record 794).

Ranger.
NR:429, LCP:222/223, LM MD sloop, 8 guns, 15 men, Capt John Wainwright, Oct 1778.

Ranger.
Capture:64, schooner, probably a recapture from Americans by the British sloop Gage, Capt William Callaghan, before 7 Nov 1778.

Ranger.
Kaminkow:232, C154, American vessel, Capt John Holmes, captured in Aug 1779 by British Richard.

Ranger.
NR:429, LCP:222/223, LM PA sloop, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt John Hunn, Feb 1779, Capt Hugh Montgomery, Sep 1779.

Ranger.
NR:429, CTP:186-187, LCP:220/221, LM CT brigantine, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Nathaniel Howard, Nov 1779 (Record 780), captured on first cruise.C157, Capt and crew possibly exchanged Jul 1781.

Ranger.
SCNavy:53, SC pilot boat.

Ranger.
Allen:249, Paine:459, NR:430, LCP:220/221, one or more MA LM privateer brigantines, Capt Henry White, 12 guns, 20 men, 21 May 1779, owners Joseph Lambert and others of Salem; Capt Robert Stone of Salem, 12 Jun 1780.

Ranger.
NR:429, LCP:220/221, LM MD brig, 14 guns 50 men, Capt Thomas Johnson, Apr 1780.

Ranger.
C328, PA sloop, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt William Watson, May 1780.

Ranger.
NR:430, CTP:187, LCP:220/221, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT brigantine, 14 guns, 20 men, Capt Ashbel Riley, May 1780 (Record 747), captured by British near Montauk and taken into New York.C258.

Ranger.
NR:430, LCP:222/223, C181, LM PA sloop, 2 guns, 4 men, Capt Andrew or Robert Lawrence, Sep 1780 (Record 1058).

Ranger.
Mill:210, Dandridge:170, captured at St. Eustatius and one crew member sent to Mill Prison in 23 Jul 1781.Mill:137, this is probably the ship whose prize was captured in the West Indies and crew sent to Mill prison in 1778.

Ranger.
a brig, was itself taken at St Eustatius in 1781, and crew sent to Mill prison.Kamenkow:232, possibly the ship mentioned as captured Jul 1781.Robertson(1979):53, 190, Toth:173-174, privateer brig of Newburyport, MA, captured by British in 1781 off Hispaniola by HMS Pelican. (Two vessels may be involved in these records.

Ranger.
Ford1777:464, Ford1779:532, Ford1781:317, Continental ship, probably one of those mentioned.Dandridge:174, this may be the vessel which shipped a crew from Portsmouth in June 1779.It took 10 prizes and sailed for home in August.In 1780 she sailed again but was captured in the defense of Charlestown.Volo:112, 132, sloop of war, 18 guns.Possibly Silverstone:5, 140 men, 308 tons, captured 11 May 1780.Coggins:204.

Ranger.
NR:430, LCP:220/221, LM MD brigantine, 12 guns, 42 men, Capt James Buchanan, Jan 1781.

Ranger.
Allen:250, MA Brigantine, 10 guns 20 men, Capt Samuel Babson of Cape Ann, 19 Oct 1780 (Record 295); then probably Capt Job Knight of Cape Ann, 14 Jul 1781 (Record 473).Kaminkow:232, captured or crew members to British prison in Jul 1781.

Ranger.
Allen:250, LCP:220/221) MA brigantine, Capt Thomas Simmons, 9 Oct 1781, 8 guns, 15 men (Record 122)Howe:433, privateer brigantine in operation in 1781 under Capt Thomas Simmons of Salem.

Ranger.
M880:3, merchant schooner, Capt Bruff, in support of Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Ranger.
Capture:63-64, schooner, master ??? McGra/McCra, captured 14 Mar, year not stated, on trip at Boston to Piscataqua to Halifax.A customs official of Halifax libeled the schooner, but the HMS Albany may also have had a claim.

Ranger.
Fanning:210, Neeser:28, privateer cutter from Dunkirk, France, Capt Nathaniel Fanning in operation in 1782, took one prize, then was captured by British.C105.

Ranger.
Maclay:213-214, Eller:332, MA privateer brig of 8 guns attacked by Tories on the Potomac River, June 1782, but they were beaten off.

Ranger.
C30, MD brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Roger Boyer, Aug 1782.

Ranger.
NR:431, CTP:187, LCP:220/221, LM CT galley, 1 gun, 15 men, Capt Worthington Ely, May 1782 (Record 569), took one prize.

Ranger.
CTP:187, privateer armed boat, Capt Benjamin Durkee, on 13 Nov 1782 took the British brigantine Salley.

Ranger.
Allen:250, NR:430, LCP:220/221, C105, LM MA privateer boat, 1 gun, 13 men, Capt Lot Dimick/Dimuck of Falmouth, Barnstable County, 8 May 1782 (Record 517).

Ranger.
Allen:251, NR:431, LCP:220/221, one or more MA LM privateer schooners, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt Joseph Christophers of Kennebec, ME, 27 May 1782 (Record 516) ; then probably Capt Joshua Burges of Gloucester, 12 Aug 1782 (Record 88).

Ranger.
Allen:251, NR:431, LCP:222/223, LM MA privateer ship, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Samuel Coffin of Newburyport, 2 Dec 1782 (Record 629).

Ranger.
Klotz:80-83, American brigantine, Capt Job Prince, arrived in Cadiz in Oct 1783 with cargo for a Spanish commercial house but ran into trouble over payment of fees and rentas.This vessel was probably one of the above in its wartime service.

Ranger.
Volo91, American Cont. merchantman, 22 guns, Capt Hokleness (?Holderness)

Ranier.
ND2:191, British vessel sent from London to Savannah with gunpowder for the Indians (their annual present) in Sep 1775, which was captured by GA militia.

Raphael.
ND9:552, ship, Capt Benjamin Bates, probably American, left Versailles with goods, 6 Aug 1777.

Rappahannock.
ND10:628, British packet, given prize money 28 Nov 1777, but no record for what merited the prize money.

Rappahannock.
Eller:324, VA schooner, owned in Hobbs Hole, entered Accomack in Aug 1781 and sailed for St Croix three months later.

Rattlesnake.
SchV:40, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt P. D’Auvergne, in 1781 lost on the Island of Trinidad.

Rattlesnake.
ND6:1315, ND7:873, ND8:922, Coggins:103, Salley:8, 10, and many others, C276, armed schooner in SC Navy, 1776.ND9:844, 292, ND10:573, Capts James Woodhouse and Stephen Seymour, 30 June 1777.
ND11:800, paid for supplies 26 Mar 1778.Silverstone:20.Paullin:426.Coggins:103, acquired 1776.

Rattlesnake.
Connor:286 (1878), in use in 1777, taken in 1778, and crew sent to Forton Prison.Allen:251, Rand:831, this may be the MA/ME privateer sloop, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Joshua Stone of Falmouth, Cumberland County, 19 Apr 1777, owners Joseph Noyes & Comp of Falmouth.

Rattlesnake.
SchV:56, American, 20 guns, run aground in 1778 by the British sloop Swift, which itself went aground and had to be surrendered to the Commander of Portsmouth, VA.The Captain did manage to blow her up.
The Rattlesnake was also partly burned, but was rescued and repaired for future action.Eller:470, this may be the brig laden with James River tobacco, captured by HMS Charleston, Capt Evans, 7 Feb 1781.

Rattlesnake.
NR:431, LCP:222/223, ND7:1237, ND8:936, ND9:899, ND11:254, 270, 297, C289, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 35 men, Capt David McCulloch in 1777, Capt Samuel Ball, Feb 1779, Capt John Craige, 3 May 1779 (Record 1031) and 28 May 1779; Capt William Treene, Mar 1780, Capt Robert Snell, June 1780, Capt David Stephens, Aug 1780.LCP:222/223, PA schooner, 8 guns, 35 men, Capt David Mansfield, May 1779 (Record 1028).

Rattlesnake.
Allen:251, MA privateer schooner, 50 tons, 8 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Johnson, Sep 1779.Petitioner was John Wait of Marblehead.

Rattlesnake.
Appeals Cases 91-92, schooner operating on NJ shores, Capt Stevens, 8 guns, and Lt Abraham Davis of Gloucester County, NJ, 1780.

Rattlesnake, Viper, Saratoga.
NR:432, CTP:189, 256, LCP:222/223, C169, LM for three CT boats, 1 gun, 10 men each, all commanded by Capt Ebenezer Jones, Dec 1781 (Record 810), prizes taken recorded in Maritime Court of Fairfield County to include the Good Luck, Peggy, Sally, Betsey.

Rattlesnake.
Dandridge:186, VANavy:172, sloop in VA Navy, probably a privateer.

Rattlesnake.
VA schooner formerly known as the Cormorant was fitted out to protect the Chesapeake Bay in 1781.It was captured by the British gun ship Assurance in 1781 and taken into the British Navy as the 14 gun Cormorant. Then the British discovered they already had a vessel named Cormorant and changed the name back to Rattlesnake. It is said she was sold out of service in 1784. ChapelleHL:117, British schooner, formerly the Cormorant.

Rattlesnake.
ND10:733, ND11:835, SchV:55, R81II:259, C201, PA privateer ship, 14 guns, 65 men, Capt David McCullogh, Apr 1777, captured in North America in 1781, later taken in British naval service.

Rattlesnake.
Kaminkow:232, PA Capt Edward McCullock, captured by the British, Apr 1778, crew to Forton Prison 15 Apr 1778.Capt McCullock escaped from Forton prison.C201-202.

Rattlesnake.
NR:432, LCP:222/223, Salem LM MA ship/brig, 20 guns, 85 men, Capt Mark Clark, 12 Jun 1781 (Record 369).Allen:251, Paine:458,Capt John Peck may also have commanded this ship.

Rattletrap.
Smith:182, 184, 191, ND10:780, ND11:71, M:408, 413, DaviesXV:144, Capt James Willing, American galley/boat used on the Willing Expedition down the Mississippi River 8 Jan 1778.DaviesXV:144, called a bateau.

Raven (HM).Possibly ND1:1329, SchV:45, British vessel, 16 guns, 100 men, Capt J. Wells, captured in 1783 by French in the West Indies.

Raven’s tender.
ND10:712, CTP:260, the Raven was apparently a large ship requiring a tender.A small CT boat from CT went into Oyster Bay, Long Island, and captured the tender shortly before 5 May 1778.

Raven.
R77:233, ND8:394, 1058, American ship, Capt Charles Jenkins, from Philadelphia, captured by British Thames 12 April 1777.

Raven.
ND8:71, 82-83, American ship, Capt Joseph Stackpole, captured by British Portland, 16 Feb 1777.

Raven.
Allen:251-253, one to three MA privateer schooners, 2 guns,8/12 swivels, 23/30 men, Capt John Brown, 28 Aug 1778, owners Samuel Gale and others of Marblehead; then probably Capt Ephraim Chambers, 23 Oct 1778, owners John Brown and others of Marblehead; then probably Capt Joseph Salter, 26 Apr 1779, owners Samuel Gale and others.

Raven.
Allen:252, NR:433, LCP:222/223, one or more MA LM privateer ships, 10/12 guns, 40 men, Capt William Brown, 2 Jun 1780, owners Stephen Higginson and others; then probably Capt James Davis of Boston, 9 Nov 1780 (Record 310).

Raven.
McM:70, CT sloop, 1780.

Raven.
NR:432, CTP:191, LCP:222/223, LM CT schooner, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Gideon Olmsted, Sep 1780 (Record 760), Capt Giles Hollister, Jun 1781 (Record 798), Capt Stephen Buckland, Mar 1782 (Record 843), at least three prizes taken.C40, on 8 Apr 1782, the Raven was captured by the British brig Perseverance and sent into New York.

Raven.
Allen:252, Paine:458, NR:433, LCP:222/223, LM MA privateer schooner, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Daniel Needham of Salem, 4 May 1782 (Record 511). Kaminkow:232, Allen:196, Capt Daniel Needham, captured before Feb 1783, actually in Oct 1782, and taken to Newfoundland.

Raven.
SchV:45, British naval vessel of 16 guns captured in 1783 by two French frigates in the West Indies.

La Ravie.
NR:368, LCP:148/149, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Augustine Bonamy, Sep 1780.

Rawlinson.
ND9:552, probably American brig, Capt W. Preston, attacked by Oliver Cromwell 6 Aug 1777.

Rayo.
SchIV:345, 371, Spanish warship, 80 guns, in Second Armada, later very leaky with sprung mast.It is said to have been engaged in the 13/14 Sep 1782 Battle of Gibraltar.

Read.
Force:5:III:1526, ND7:558, American vessel, master J. H. Bennett, St Eustatia to Wilmington, captured 20 Dec 1776 by British Pearl.

Real.
ND11:1080, Spanish ship of the line, 114 guns, preparing for fitting out at Corunna, 11 Mar 1778.

Rebach.
NLHS:I:IV:30, CT privateer sloop, 6 guns, 36 men, Capt. Daniel Phipps

Rebecca.
ND1:119, Bermuda brigantine, Capt Joseph Vesey, Charleston to Madeira, 1 Mar 1775.

Rebecca.
ND3:963, British brigantine, Capt Caton, arrived at Philadelphia from Dover, 29 Jan 1776.

Rebecca.
ND2:1351, British sloop, 30 tons, Capt Bassett Mosely, entered Roanoke, NC, from Jamaica 13 Jan 1776.

Rebecca.
ND4:370, British vessel at Charleston, 16 Mar 1776.

Rebecca.
Mc:521, British brig captured Dec 1776 by the Continental sloop Independence, Lt James Robertson, and sent to Philadelphia.

Rebecca.
ND8:434, British brig, Capt George Witherington, captured by American Portsmouth, Capt Robert Parker, libelled 27 Apr 1777.C232.

Rebecca.
McM:338, British brig, prize of PA Sachem, 1777.

Rebecca.
ND10:969, R78:40, British LM snow belonging to Waterford, Capt Blackburn, captured by Congress, 4 Nov 1777.

Rebecca.
R77:408, British vessel, Capt Calton, St Kitts to London, 1777.

Rebecca.
R78:40, British vessel, Capt Wilson, London to the West Indies, 1777.

Rebecca.
R78:40, British vessel, Capt Castle, Leeward Islands to Halifax, 1777.

Rebecca.
McM:438, British sloop, prize ransom of the Black Prince, 1778.

Rebecca.
ND10:540, 622, British ship, captured by American Revenue, United States, 19 Nov 1777. ND11:46, ND3:1041, Capt George Caton/Catton, MD to Falmouth, arrived Jan 1776, British ship, captured Jul 1777 by CT privateer American Revenue and RI privateer sloop United States.Also shown as captured 6 Jan 1778

Rebecca.
ND6:717, 750, 1328, 1427, 1467, ND7:948, ND8:1033, ND9:38, 160, ND10:804, ND11:534, C30, Paulin:461, sloop, Capt Mowbray, 1776.DaviesX:2083, XII:243, XIII:1697, XIV:117, XV:108, sloop in East FL provincial navy, Capt John Mowbray, taken by GA Navy galleys, Washington, Lee, Bullock, in GA waters at St Simons off GA, Apr 1778. Paullin:461, captured by American vessels 22 Apr 1777.Later use not recovered.

Rebecca.
DaviesXIII:1575, 2287,XV:78, ND11:490, 697, 755, 524, British vessel, 16 guns, Capt John Cox, taken by Americans under Capt Willing at Manchac, 1778/79.Paullin:308, British merchantman captured by Capt. Willing in the Mississippi River, bought by Oliver Pollock and fitted out as warship, renamed the Morris, later destroyed by hurricane.

Rebecca.
ND10:977, ND11:930,apparently a British ship, Capt Joseph Bell, captured by American General Mifflin, then recaptured, and prize crew sent to Forton Prison.Capt Benjamin Chew was apparently the prize master.

Rebecca.
Sheffield:Apr 10, 1880, reported as a vessel captured by the Rochambeau, Capt Oliver Read of RI, near the end of the war.

Rebecca.
ND1:479, 1005, ship with Tory news, Capt John Hazlewood, arrived in Philadelphia from London before 31 Jul 1775.

Rebecca.
ND2:1351, probably American sloop, 30 tons, Capt Basset Moseley, Jamaica to Roanoke, Jan 1776.

Rebecca.
ND3:963, American brigantine, allowed to load at Georgetown, 24 Jan 1776.

Rebecca.
ND4:731, 732, ND5:83, brig, Capt John Brown, probably American, active mid 1776.

Rebecca.
ND6:659, 1171, American brig captured 25 Sep 1776 by British Boreas.

Rebecca.
Robertson(1779):55, 145, Toth:174, mentions a brig, 4 guns, of Charleston, from Sunbury, GA, with rice to Cap Français, captured by British and taken to Jamaica, 1776.

Rebekah.
ND7:517, MA schooner, owner Isaac Dodge, seeking permit to go to another colony seeking food, Dec 1776.

Rebecca.
ND10:552, 197, sloop, Capt John Forbes, captured and scuttled by Lizard, 20 Nov 1777.

Rebecca.
ND10:1044, American schooner captured by British Montague’s Squadron, 28 Nov 1777.

Rebecca.
ND11:612, American schooner, Capt Putnam Cleves, captured by British privateer sloop Howe, Capt James Dougal, condemned at Grenada, 3 Jul 1777.

Rebecca.
PANavy:411n80, small sailing ship bidded on for the PA Navy, Mar 1777.

Rebecca/Recovery.
ND11:30n, 466, French/Bermuda sloop, Capt Ephraim Paynter, captured by HMS Phoenix, Capt Hyde Parker, 4 Jan 1778, condemned 9 Feb 1778.It is possible two vessels were involved.

Rebecca.
ND11:613, American/MA brigantine, captured by British HM sloop Otter, 27 Jan 1778, and sent to New York.

Rebecca.
Paullin:308, Cont. merchantman, Capt Calvert, commission granted Apr 1778.

Rebecca
ND11:481,American schooner, Capt Thomas Dodge, captured by British Mermaid, 1 Mar 1778, libelled 15 Apr, and condemned 8 May 1778.

Rebecca.
Kaminkow:232, Capt Joseph Chase, possibly a Tory, captured before Oct 1778 by the British Triumph, Dutchess of Kingston, vessel claimed by three Tory passengers from Charles Town.The litigation may have continued Oct 1780 before the court, or there may have been another ship of this name.

Rebecca.
A2:VIII:1, frigate, nationality not listed, probably in New Orleans in 1778.

Rebecca.
NR:433, LCP:222/223, LM PA schooner, 8 guns, 15 men, Capt James Martin, Aug 1778 (Record 982).C340, one Rebecca Capt was John Willson of MA, Sep 1779.

Rebecca.
NR:433, LCP:222/223, LM PA brig, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt John Chatham, Sep 1779, Capt John Burrows, Apr 1780

Rebeccah.
NR:434, CTP:192-193, LCP:222/223, LM CT sloop, 6 guns, 35 men, Capt Daniel Goffe Phipps, Jun 1780 (Record 753).

Rebecca.
Kaminkow:232, American vessel, captured or litigated, Oct 1780.

Rebecca.
NR:434, LCP:222/223, LM PA brigantine, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt William Miller, Oct 1781.

Rebecca & Frances/Francis.
ND1:696, 912, ND2:545, ND3:286, 606, ND4:740, British transport, Capt George Hastings/Harkins, proceeded to New York, 18 July 1775, ran aground near Brigantine Beach, NJ 17 Oct 1775 or 1776.DaviesX:462.

Rebecca and Mary.
ND10:15-16, 617, British brigantine, Capt Joseph Holt, captured by Civil Usage, libelled in MA Middle District, 2 Oct 1777.Ford1776:30.

Rebecca and Polly.
ND9:207, 490, 625, British brig, Capt Arthur Culnane, captured by American General Mifflin, 3 Jul 1777.

Rebecca and Sally.
ND5:718, ND8:139, ND10:703, NR:434, LCP:222/223, LM MD boat, 6 guns, 8 men, Capt Thomas Russell, 24 Jun 1776 and 1777.

Rebeccah.
ND2:736, British vessel, Capt Isaac Blackburn, cargo for North America under convoy 26 Sep 1775.

Rebel.
Kaminkow:232, C232, VA privateer, Capt John Gale, captured before Sep 1782 by the British Aolus, and some crew members to British prison.

Recluse.
SchV:60, French vessel, 24 guns, destroyed in Concale Bay in 1779 by the squadron under Capt. J. Wallace.

Recompense (with Armed Boat).
NR:434, CTP:193, LCP:222/223, CT galley, 1 gun, 20 men, Capt John Wilkinson, Jul 1782 (Record 751), took three prizes.

Recourse.
ND2:67, 75, 1376, American schooner, Capt John Steel, captured with lumber by British Lively, Sep 1775.

Recovery.
Appeals:xxxxiii, 162:6:55, brig vs Ingersol.ND6:1125, possibly the brigantine, 1776.The British brig Recovery, Capt William Johnson, was captured 10 Aug 1778 by Capt Samuel Ingersol of the schooner Santipe, Capt Moses Griffin, of the schooner Addition, and Capt John Turner of the schooner Fly.

Recovery.
SchV:42, British ship of 32 guns, named Minerva, captured in 1778 in the West Indies by a French frigate, was recaptured, then called Recovery.
DaviesXX:173, HMS.

Recovery.
ND11:401, probably British schooner, Capt Thomas Costart, arrived at Jamaica 17 Jan 1778.

Recovery.
McM:311, British ship, Bahamas to New York, prize of PA Holker, 1779.

Recovery.
McM:335, schooner of British-held New York, prize of PA Holker, 1782.

Recovery.
Capture:64, ND5:1081, brigantine loaded with molasses, captured off the Capes of Philadelphia 18 Jun 1776 by British HMS Kingfisher condemned in Halifax.Possibly ND4:1081, ND6:1125.

Recovery.
ND11:198, GA state brigantine, Commodore Bowen, ready for action, 23 Jan 1778.

Recovery.
NR:434, LCP:222/223, LM PA brig, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt William Dunlop/Dunlap, Jun 1779 (Record 1037).

Recovery.
NR:435, CTP:123, 194 - 200, 323, CTN:56, 57, 70, 241, 214, LCP:222/223, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT ship, 16 guns, 120 men, Capt Samuel Smedley, Feb 1780 (Record 737), took one prize before being herself captured 23 Mar 1780 by the British Galatea and carried into New York.C254, 283.

Recovery.
NR:435, LCP:222/223, LM PA boat, 1 gun, 25 men, Capt Gear Chadwick and John Hammelt, May 1781.C52, Capt Chadwick in 1778 took 5 prizes including the Betsey, and schooner William and Polly.

Recovery.
C292, MD brig 8 guns, 30 men, Capt Shubael P. Spooner of PA, Apr 1782. In Jul 1782, she captured the British Betsey, William and Polly, and a barge and boat.
RM6:15, supplies for the state of MD may have been shipped under Capt Spooner, via Baltimore, before Jul 1782.

Recovery.
Allen:252-253, NR:435, LCP:222/223, one or more MA privateer brigantines, 8/12 guns, 15/20 men, Capt Daniel Smith of Boston, 16 Dec 1779 (sailing from PA), owners George Meade & Comp of Philadelphia; Capt Samuel Ingersoll of Salem, 4 June 1782 (Record 502 or 562); Capt William Dennis of Salem; 6 Dec 1782 (Record 246).

Recurso.
ND6:920-21, Spanish Navy Guarda Costa, Capt Antonio Yepe, active, fall 1776.

Recurso.
Chávez:41, Spanish sloop sent to inspect and chart the coast of South America, 1776.

Recuset/Ricuset/Rosa.
Capture:65-66, schooner, Capt Zachariah Murphy, captured Aug 1776 by HMS Greyhound, Blonde, Dispatch .

Red Bird.
SCNavy:84, SC schooner used in defense of Charleston, 1780.

Redmond.
CTP:186, apparently an American ship captured by the British LM brig Digby, then had been converted into the British 80 ton brigantine Greyhound, captured 10 Aug 1782 by the CT sloop Randolph.

Refléchi.
ND9:464, ND11:988, 990, JA8:359, Comm:191-195, French Navy ship of the line, 64 guns, Capt Didier-Francois-Honorat de Baraudin, active in 1777, Capt Chevalier de Cillart de Suville by 9 Feb 1778.It was in the fleet of d’Estaing, crew listed, and in the 1780 fleet of Admiral de Guichen’s fleet.It was engaged at Les Saintes and survived.Syrett(1989):191, 195.

Réfléchi.
ND11:177, 342, French brig, Capt François Coitard, captured 20 Jan 1778 by British Perseus, and sent to St. Augustine.

Reformation.
Coggins:106, Paullin:451, MD Navy barge acquired in 1778.Eller:237, 238, it was renamed the Terrible.
Possibly Silverstone:18, shown as a brig.

Refugee.
CTP:239, British sloop Capt Thomas Gilbert, Jr, captured in March 1780 by the CT sloop Vengeance.
This may be the same vessel as the next entry.

Refugee.
C89, British sloop, captured Mar 1779 and taken to Stonington, CT, by the RI privateer America, Capt William Dennis.Thomas Gilbert, Jr, and Bradford Gilbert were on board.NLHS:I:IV;10 shows the capturing ship as the General Sullivan.

Refugee.
C69, NY privateer, Capt Titus Conklin, 1776.

Refugee.
CTP:103, CT privateer armed boat, Capt Jonathan Salmon, raided Long Island and seized a herd of cattle, 15 Nov 1778.

Refugee, Revenge.
CTP:192, 261 armed whaleboats, Capts James and Jesse Brush of Norwalk, on 1 Dec 1778 captured the British sloop Success.

Regicobus.
ND6:852, probably Dutch brig, Capt Booker, St. Eustatia to Amsterdam, captured off St Eustatius by British Pomona and taken to St Kitts, 23 Jun 1776.

Regulator, 18 guns.Clark:I:year 1782, British ship from Bermuda, 18 guns, 75 men, captured in 1782 by the American frigate Deane, Capt Samuel Nicholson, and sent into Boston.RM9:819, condemned and sold by 1783.

Regulator and boat.
NR:435, CTP:103, 203, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT galley, 4 guns, 16 men, Capt Seth Overton, Jul 1781, took one prize, the British Restoration.LCP:224/225, Lt Daniel Cheney, Jul 1781 (Record 800).

Reine Blanche.
ND10:409, brig, French or American, Capt Pierre Levant, captured by Carysfort, Lizard, 5 Nov 1777.

La Réine de France.
Rice:I:257, shown as a 14 gun transport, moving the French Expeditionary Force from Boston to Puerto Cabello.It was carried before that time as a 36 gun frigate. TLG(1783), French transport ship, with masts and 250 French troops aboard, captured 24 Jan 1783 in the West Indies by HMS Albemarle, part of Admiral Hood’s squadron. It was sent into Martinique, French West Indies.

Reliance.
ND2:609, 642, sloop, Capt William Davis, petitioned to go from MA to West Indies to buy gunpowder with cash, 30 Oct 1775.

Reliance.
ND11:448, American sloop from Dartmouth with horses and lumber captured by British Maidston, Capt Alan Gardner, Jan/Feb 1777.

Relief.
ND1:131, ND2:485, British snow, Capt Alexander/Dougal McGregor, arrives at Wilmington from Glasgow 7 Mar 1775, stranded in Cape Fear River.

Relief.
ND10:46, 354, British/Tory shallop, Capt Samuel Norwood, captured by Joseph Vincent and Ebenezer Pierce, libelled 6 Oct 1777 in MA Middle District.

Relief.
ND9:104, American sloop, captured by British Portland, 12 June 1777.

Relief.
Blatchford:119, a small British transport schooner which carried water, provisions, and American prisoners to the Jersey Prison ship in New York.

Los Remedios.
C&C:95, Spanish galley, used in 1781 at Pensacola.(Possibly the same as the galley listed above as Nuestra Señora de los Remedios.)

Los Remedios.
C&C:95, Spanish sloop, used in 1781 at Pensacola.

Renard.
French chébec, 20 guns, from Toulon, on Mediterranean cruises, 1778.

Renard.
Malo:970, French privateer, stolen from port and destroyed by British, 1782.

Renette.
Malo:979, American vessel at Vannes, 1782.RM7:384, privateer, Lorient to Philadelphia, Capt Thomas Bell, captured by British, and crew sent to prison.Capt Bell was released by 15 Mar 1783.

Renfrew.
ND1:1391, ND7:1182-83, ND8:802, British Army Transport/brigantine, Capt James Somerville, captured by American Langdon, 29 Apr 1777.It had moved tobacco and staves from James River to Glasgow, 21 Jul 1775. .

El Renombrado.
A2:VI:16, 48, S2:VII:26, A2:VIII:24, 30, A2:X:26, 48, and others, Spanish brigantine, frequent visitor to New Orleans 1776-1780.C&C:91, 111, Spanish brigantine, 18 guns, 110 men, entered Battle for Mobile from Havana in Feb 1780, also used in 1781 at Pensacola.

Renommée.
ND9:813, 884, ND10:952, Morison:176, ND11:72, 239, 570, JA7:137, French navy frigate, from Brest, 32 guns, Capt Marquis de Verdun de la Crenne, active 26 Aug 1777 and 1778.Villiers:298, escorted convoy to West Indies.

La Renommede.
ND6:1284, ND7:813, French Navy frigate, Capt Francis de Montell, active 1777.

Renown (HMS). ND1:1338, ND2:743, ND3:1008, ND4:1225, ND5:229, ND6:448, ND7:1027, ND8:1044, ND9:32, 841, 939, DaviesX:531, 544, XII:111, 245, XIII:560, XIV:38, 178, XV:64, 172, originally 50 guns, 300 men. HMS British prison ship in Narragansett Bay, Capt Francis Banks, 1776 and 1777.Volo:160, 163, 172, 266.Syrett(1989):23, 96, 115, 142.

Renown’s tender York,
10 guns.CTN:85, 97, apparently a prize in May 1779 in New London, CT, which may have been recaptured.

Renown.
ND6:232, 233, British ship captured by American Hancock, 9 Aug 1776.

Renown.
Smith:207, Allen:253, McMA:95, Cayford:124, 14 gun, 95 men, 150 tons, privateer, Capt Robert Adamson, owners Samuel Page and others, used in the Penobscot Expedition of 1779 to convoy transports, and it survived.

Renown.
Allen:253, C107, an MA ship 10 guns, 30 men, 150 tons, under Capt Jonathan Felt, was captured Mar 1780 by the British Unity.

Renown.
Eller:194, impressed by VA Navy for emergency use, Apr 1781.Dandridge:186, VANavy:173, DaviesXX:143, 145, ship of VA Navy, 16 guns, Capt William Lewis, Emergency Fleet of May 1781, captured by British under General Arnold.This was a Dutch-owned merchantman.

Renown.
Allen:253, MA privateer brig, 14 guns, 65 men, 1782.

Renown.
NR:435, LCP:224/225, LM PA schooner, 6/8 guns, 27 men, Capt Hugh Willson, May 1782 (Record 960).

Reprisal.
Marvin:17, ND7:1079, British sloop of war, 100 men, captured by Americans in 1777.Franklin proposed the captured sailors be exchanged for American prisoners, but the British refused.C203, this may be the vessel on which Capt Robert McLever was prizemaster when it was captured by British and he was committed to Forton Prison, 9 Aug 1777.Cog:36, possibly the vessel mentioned.

Reprisal.
ND9:238, ND10:730, British LM sloop, Capt Phillips, captured Elliot, Swallow, 18 Jul 1777.

Reprisal.
ND7:1076, ND10:272, ND11:128, British/Antiguan privateer, Capt Morto Downey captures May, Oct 1777, and several other vessels.It was captured 31 May 1777.

Reprisal, 16 guns, 1776-1777.
GWA:701, Smith:70, R76II:235, ND4:952, 1463, ND5:454, 952, ND7:804, ND8:604, ND9:527, sent to Martinique with William Bingham in June 1776 under Capt Lambert Wickes.Smith:61, 151, Malo:943, Johnston:358, Continental Navy brig, formerly the brig Molly, purchased 1775/76, lost at sea, 1777.
ND10:1052, FW2:178, under Capt Lambert Wickes, ordered to take B. Franklin to France in 1776.
ND4:1463, Mill:75, ND6:1294, ND7:804, privateer brigantine whose prize was taken June 1777 and crew to Old Mill and Forton Prisons.ND11:877, 890, 893, Cont. Navy ship captured BritishBetsy, Grace.
Kaminkow:233, the Reprisal under Capt Wickes (more likely his prize) was taken Aug 1778, and 10 of the crew to Mill Prison.C140, 337.On his return, Wickes took his ship plus the brig Lexington and the cutter Dolphin into the Irish sea and disrupted shipping.He, his ship and crew of 129 men were lost in a storm, all except the cook, in Sep 1777.Emmons:2, shows a vessel named Reprisal foundered in Newfoundland Banks in 1778, probably the same one.Ford1776:757, Ford1778:814, Ford1787:552. JA5:114, 406.DaviesX:2105, XI:175-176, XIII:753.Fowler:128-135, others.Silverstone:8, ex-Molly, merchantman, foundered Oct 1777.Paullin:517, served 1778-?Chapelle:54, 55.Coggins:85.

Reprisal’s prize.
Mill:75, British vessel, not named, captured by the privateer brigantine Reprisal, then recaptured by the British 29 June 1777, with the prize crew sent to Forton and Mill Prisons.

Reprisal.
ND6:1052, ND7:906, ,Capt John Wheelwright, MA privateer brigantine, active fall, 1776.
Howe:415, Allen:253, Beverly, MA, brigantine of 70 tons, 18 guns, 60 men, NH Capt John Wheelwright, privateer, captured in 1776/77 and taken to Halifax.Owners were Samuel White, Job Prince, and others.

Reprisal.
ND7:1079, sloop purchased by American government, 1 Feb 1777.

Reprisal.
Allen:253-254, ND8:205, ND9:379, ND10:615, ND11:627, MA privateer trading sloop, 60 tons, 8 guns, 60 men, Capt Nathaniel Carver, 26 Nov 1776 and 25 Mar 1777.

Reprisal.
Allen:254, ND10:665, NR:436, LCP:224/225, Rand:831, LM MA/ME privateer brigantine, 10 guns 55 men, Capt Paul Reed of Boothbay (or Boston), 15 Jul 1777 (Record 331); Capt James Brown, 28 Jan 1778, owners Charles Sigourney and others of Boston. ND10:66, 665, MA/ME privateer brigantine, Capt Paul Reed, Jr, captures Betsey, Nancy, 1777.ND11:710, captured by British Unicorn, 19 Feb 1778.Possibly Chapelle:78.

Reprisal.
Paullin:308, privateer, Capt Calvert, commissioned Mar 1778 by Oliver Pollock which sent in a prize in Apr 1778.

Reprisal.
Allen:254, NR:436, LCP:224/225, one or two MA LM privateer schooners, 4 guns, 30 men, 40 tons, Capt John Curtis, 31 Jul 1781 (Record 387), owners John Coffin Jones and others of Boston.Allen:258, Capt Curtis took part in the Sep 1781 raid of Annapolis-Royal, N. S.

Reprisal.
Allen:254, NR:436, LCP:224/225, Rand:834, MA privateer galley, 4 guns, 25 men, Capt Benjamin Frizel/Frizal of Pownalborough, ME, 31 Jul 1781 (Record 386), owners Benjamin Hichborn and others of Boston.

Reprisal.
Allen:254, LCP:224/225, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 12 men,Capt Wilson Jacobs of Providence, RI, 18 Mar 1782 (Record 387).

Reprisal.
Allen:255, LCP:224/225, MA privateer ship, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt William Peirce Johnson of Newburyport, 2 Apr 1782 (Record 182).

Reprisal.
Volo:110, 132, Cont. brig/frigate, 16 guns, Capt John Barry.

Reprise.
LG:93, Boston corvette which took refuge at St. Pierre from British warship, c 1777, and given protection by the French.

Republic.
Howe:428, 331, Allen:255, ND4:1162, ND5:1259, ND6:345, ND7:1228, ND8:305, ND9:691, ND10:231, 779, MA State Navy sloop from Swansea, 24 guns, 10 swivels, 10 men, first commanded in 1776 by John Foster Williams; Capt John Allen Hallet, Jan 1777, Capt Isaac Bartlett later.ND11: 140, 159, 193n, also Capts John Carey and Isaac Freeman.Maclay:71-72, MA Navy sloop of 12 guns captured two ships in 1776, left service 1777.ND10:779, it may have become a privateer.Crewmen listed in MAS.Said to have been wrecked on the Orkney Islands with all hands lost.

Republic.
Silverstone:19, MA sloop, built Sep 1778.Paullin:325, built at Swanzey Jul 1776.

Repulse (HMS).
ND3:405, ND4:1093, ND5:1358, ND6:448, ND7:964, ND9:34, FW3:602, SchV:46, British frigate, 32 guns, 220 men, Capt Henry Davis, lost off Bermudas in 1776, crew perished, or missing, last orders to cruise off Jamaica 5 June 1777.DaviesXII:245, XIII:826, XIV:61, missing, 105.Silverstone:91, former French Bellona.

Repulse.
SchV:51, British cutter, 14 guns, Lt J. Atkinson, lost off Yarmouth in 1782.

Repulse.
8 guns, 1777.GWA:701, ND8:429, ND9:942, 970, ND10:666, Coggins:96, 204, C39, xebec, PA state gunboat lent to Continental Navy in 1777, Capt Peter Bruster, destroyed to prevent capture in the Delaware River, 21 Nov 1777.Ford1777:1067.Fowler:214.(The xebec is of Arabic origin, with three masts of lanteen sails, and a hull with large overhang at both bow and stern, and with a shallow draft.)Chapelle:95.

Repulse.
1 gun.Coggins:99, ND7:11, ND8:486, M:228, PANavy:343, armed guardboat, Capt John Harrison, Samuel Robbins, PA Navy, used in 1777 defense of the Delaware.Silverstone:19.

Resistance.
10 guns, 1777-78.
GWA:701, Smith:174, FordXVIII:1093, ND4:316, ND8:1003, ND9:130, 938, ND10:805, ND11:463, 537, 813, JA7:99, CTP:267, McM:59-60, NLHS:I:IV:30, Continental Navy brigantine, launched 1777, Capt Samuel Chew, Dec 1777, Capt William Burke, May 1778, captured by Howe’s fleet, 1778.Capt Samuel Chew took one vessel from Scotland as prize, probably the Mermaid, 18 Dec 1777.Clark:109fn, 18 guns, captured 1778, crew to prison in RI, thence to Pembroke Castle, Wales, where they escaped in 1779.Robertson(1979):99, captured in combat, March 1778, at Martinico, West Indies.(dates may be wrong, or there may have been two vessels.)C58.Ford1780:1093.Fowler:266, Capt Daniel Waters.Paullin:517, served 1777-1778.Chapelle:95.Coggins:204.Syrett(1989):110.

Résolue.
RM2:219, 251, 296, Kennett:133, Smith:261, French vessel sailed from Brest June 1st, 1781, with 2,500,000 livres in silver and with two convoy ships laden with clothing and military stores.They arrived at Boston, August 25th, 1781.

Die Resolutie.
Robertson(1959):137, Dutch sloop, 10 guns, captured by British privateer in 1779 and taken to Jamaica.

Resolution.
ND1:1337, British transport in Europe with convoy, Capt George Richardson, 25 Jul 1775.ND3:112, transport not yet arrived in Boston 15 Dec 1775.

Resolution.
ND1:732, 774, 882, British transport in North America, anchored in ?Boston Bay, 14 Jul 1775.DaviesX:8, 246, possibly this vessel.

Resolution.
McM:10, R77:109, British schooner, Capt Burnet, Newfoundland to West Indies, RI prize which sank, 1777.

Resolution.
ND8:740,armed vessel purchased by Royal Navy and renamed Drake, 3 Apr 1777. The source of this armed vessel was not given.

Resolution.
ND8:528, probably British snow, laden with fish from Newfoundland, Capt Francis Barnard/Burnett, captured by a privateer schooner Charming Sally from Piscataway 16 Jan 1777.The snow was ordered into Piscataway, but in three days she sunk, but the crew were saved in the longboat, which was picked up seven days later.

Resolution (HM).
ND1:430, ND4:1060, ND10:189, sloop/tender, 12 guns, 100 men, Capt James Cook, RN, captured American Black Snake, 17 Oct 1777.

Resolution (HMS).
ND1:1320, ND3:1406, ND5:1368, ND6:447, ND7:717, ND10:1078, British warship, probably 36/74 guns, 79/350 men, Capt Sir Charles Ogle, RN, recaptures Smyrna Galley, 9 Dec 1777.Volo:266.Syrett:87.Syrett(1989):144, 160, 186, 219l

Resolution.
ND10:1207, ND11:160, British schooner, Capt Long, 15 tons, Passamaquoddy to Annapolis, N. S. taken by the Hancock and Molly, Capt Agreen Crabtree, trial 25 Feb 1778.

Resolution.
McM:435, British sloop, prize ransom of the Black Prince of Dunkirk, France, 1779.

Resolution.
ND10:1208, British brig/privateer, Capt Ross, 200 tons, from Halifax, taken by the Viper, 23 Aug 1780.

Resolution.
C201, British privateer, which had started out as a VA vessel, Dove. After the British captured it, took it to New York and renamed it,it was captured in late 1780 by the American frigate Saratoga; however, it was recaptured by the British Bridgett.

Resolution.
CTP:134, British brig, 199 tons, Charleston to West Indies, captured in the spring of 1781 by the CT ship Hunter, Capt Nathan Sage. C268.Ford22:117, sale of cargo of a ship of this name was stopped in Mar 1782.

Resolution.
SchV:45, British armed transport, 14 guns, Lt R. F. Haffard, captured in 1782 by the French in the East Indies.DaviesXVI:2559, British transport, Capt Batten, 1779/80.

Resolution.
Kaminkow:232, MA Capt Zachariah Sairs/Sears, British ship captured by American Viper, then recaptured by the British, date not given.

Resolution.
Eller:279, British ship, Capt Waterburgh, captured by MD schooner Felicity, Capt Thomas Cole, and MD schooner Antelope, Capt Folger, in Mar 1781.(This ship is also shown as captured and released by British privateers Hetty and Cornwallis in Mar 1781.) Appeals:xxxxiii, 162:14(2 Dall.1, and 2Dall.19), the ship vs Miller.FW5:191. The ship proved to be of Dutch Registry, after it was captured in 1781 by the British Revenge, then in May 1781 by the American Ariel. The ship was taken to Philadelphia where it had to be maintained and the sailors boarded while the court decided what to do.C66.

Resolution.
ND1:1370, 1378, 1385, probably American schooner, 80 tons, 6 men, Capt Benjamin Jones, 20 Sep 1775 in West Indies trade from Annapolis. ND3:1369, schooner, Capt Benjamin Jones, entered Baltimore from Grenada 16 Oct 1775, and made non-British declaration.

Resolution.
C257, NY privateer, Capt Valentine Rider of CT, 1776.

Resolution.
ND3:1138, ND4:1410, ND5:349, 1206, SC Navy schooner tender, Capt William Waud/Wand, Mar 1776.C328.It is also shown as an MD vessel 4 May 1776.Paullin:441, purchased as a tender for Defense, Mar 1776.

Resolution.
ND5:231, probably MA schooner, coal for Boston, captured 24 May 1776 by HM sloop Hope.

Resolution.
ND5:495, sloop, Capt John Hathaway, 12 Jun 1776 with cargo for New York.

Resolution.
Coggins:106, schooner in MD or VA Navy, acquired Mar 1776, sub-Capt James Hawkins, Apr 1777, tender to the Defense. ND5:1183, was involved with the Liberty in moving gunpowder and arms.ND7:1204, ND8:87, ND11:128, schooner, Capt John Carey, captured by Reprisal, Capt Morton Downey, condemned in Antigua 28 Jan 1777.C145.ND6:1226, probably the MD Navy tender under Capt Thomas Walker 11 Oct 1776.Possibly Silverstone 18.

Resolution.
ND6:852, brig, Capt Robert Stacy, captured 25 May 1776 by Portland’s tender.

Resolution.
ND11:125, American brig Capt Samuel Stacey, captured by British Portland, Capt Thomas Dumaresq, condemned at Antigua 23 Jul 1776.

Resolution.
ND8:858, ship, Capt Welch, probably American, enroute to Plymouth 28 May 1777.

Resolution.
ND9:257, 296, American sloop, Capt Martin McAure/McAwee, captured by British Emerald, 10 Jul 1777.

Resolution.
ND10:89, MA schooner, Capt Jeremiah O’Brien, probably mentioned.

Resolution.
ND10:665, ND9:788, ND11:455, NC privateer brigantine, Capt Joseph Meredith, captured by British Lowestoffe, Capt Will Locker, renamed Lowestoffe’s Prize, 20 Nov 1777.

Resolution.
1 gun.ND8:444, Coggins:99, M:228, PANavy:343, armed guardboat, PA Navy, Capt William Lyell, 26 Apr 1777, owner Hak & Dunn. ND11:103-04, PA Navy armed boat, Capt William Lyell, whose crew deserted with the boat to the British, 12 Jan 1778.Silverstone:19.

Resolution.
American privateer, 14 guns, captured by British frigate Pearl c 10 May 1777 when a gun on the Resolution burst.

Resolution.
ND9:978, Allen:255-256, Leamon:100, one to several MA privateer schooners, few guns, 10/12 swivels, 16/30 men, Capt Jeremiah O’Brien, 13 Aug 1777, owners Daniel Martin and others; John Collins, 31 Oct 1777, owners Daniel Martin, John Blake and others.

Resolution.
Allen:255, MA schooner, 1 gun, 8 swivels, 20 men, Samuel Rogers, 13 Apr 1778, owners Henry Bass and William Spooner; then probably Zebadiah Shepardson, 20 Jul 1778, owners Henry Bass and Ebenezer Dorr; Levi Doane, 12 Mar 1779, owner Ebenezer Woodward.

Resolution.
Klotz:41, American privateer, 26 guns, 120 men, Capt Jean Gran, who insulted the Spanish packet boat, 1779.

Resolution.
Maclay:137, Mill:140, Kaminkow:233, MA brig of 6 guns, made five prizes in 1779, taken 28 Nov 1780, crew to Mill Prison in 22 Jan 1781.

Resolution.
Paine:458, Salem schooner, 8 guns 20 men.

Resolution.
Capture:64, Allen:256, MA privateer schooner of Boston, 2 guns, 2 cohorns, 8 swivels, 30 men, commander Abel Gore, captured before 11 May 1779,west of Halifax, by HMS Blonde.
Capt Shubael Spooner, 1 Dec 1778; Crewmen listed in MAS.

Resolution.
Allen:256-27, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Samuel Trask, 8 Apr 1780, owners Jonathan Nutting and others of Boston.Capt Spooner, from above, may belong in this listing.

Resolution.
Malo:952, 964, letter of marque, 13 men, only small arms, was captured by a British cutter, then the crew placed on board the revenue cutter which they rose up and captured, then recaptured their own vessel and took all to France in 1781.

Resolution.
Rand:832, LCP:224/225) schooner, 4 guns, 30 men, Capt John Savage of Boston, Mar/20 Apr1781 (Record 450); Capt William Morgan of Boston, May 1781 (Record 462).Owners were George Stillman and others of Machias, ME. Capture:94, this may be the privateer, commanded by William Morgan,which had captured two sloops and the schooner Susannah in or near the Bay of Chaleure, but they were lost to recapture by the British, year not stated.Capture:94, Capt David Munro, stated his schooner was captured by the Resolution, Capt Morgan.

Resolution.
M880:4, schooner, Capt John Nabb, from Rappahannock to Yorktown, moving military support supplies, Oct 1781.

Resolution.
Allen:257, Kaminkow:232, NR:436, LCP:224/225, LM MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 18 men, Capt Zachariah Sears of Boston, Nov 1780 (Record 371).(This had been a British vessel captured by the American Viper, then recaptured.Capt Sears was captured by the Brune after 10 Nov 1780.It is not clear that his ship was also captured.)Allen:258, possibly the same brigantine under Capt John Odiorne of Salisbury, 13 Aug 1782 with 4 guns, 11 men.

Resolution.
C175, MD schooner, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt John King, Jul 1782.

Resolution.
NR:437, CTP:204, LCP:224/225, C101, LM CT brigantine, 10 guns, 20 men, Capt Peleg Eldred, Jun 1781 ((Record 799).He was captured but exchanged.

Resolution.
Allen:256, NR:437, LCP:224/225, one or more MA privateer schooners, 6 guns, 25 men.

Resolution/Revolution.
Allen:88, 258, Paine:459, Salem, MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 130 men, Capt Stephen Webb, 14 Feb 1782, owners John and Andrew Cabot of Beverly; Capt Samuel West, 1782, captured one or more Jamaica ships and sent them into France before Jan 1783..

Resolution.
Ford1782:116-117, Dutch ship.

Resolution.
Capture:64, Allen:257, MA schooner, privateer, 6 guns, 18 men, captured before 24 Mar 1783 by the British brigantine Shark.Howe:421, 432, NR:437, LCP:224/225, C246, this may be the MA schooner operating in Mar 1781 under Capt Amos Potter of Boston (Record 435), who was captured in May 1781 and taken to Halifax.The schooner Resolution got back to Boston.

Resolve.
Griffin:131, returned to Boston, MA, with loan money from France, 1781.

Resource.
Force:5:III:1524, master Raymond Lason, Philadelphia to Port au Prince, captured in 1776 by British Orpheus, Daphne.

Resource.
NR:438, LCP:224/225, LM MD schooner, 20 guns, 24 men, Capt Joseph Audet, Sep 1780, then again in Jul 1781.R81II:260, this may be the American schooner captured in 1781 by British Solebay.

Resource.
Howe:415-416, Allen:258, NR:437, LCP:224/225, there are two records for a Beverly, MA, ship of 140/178 tons, 10/16 guns, 24/30 men, LM, operatingunder Israel Thorndike 12 Jun 1780 and Richard Ober 7 Sep 1780 in the West Indies (Record 269) before it was captured by a British cruiser in the autumn of 1780.Owners were Ebenezer and Israel Thorndike.Crewmen listed in MAS.

Restoration.
Eller:280, Tory barge, Capt John McMullins, captured c 1777 by MD state navy barges Revenve, Terrible, or Intrepid.

Restoration.
Capture:64-65, CTN:86, ND9:609, 907, ND10:641, ND11:184-185, British ship, Capt Robbins, Quebec to Oporto, captured by privateer Oliver Cromwell, then sent to Boston under prize crew Capt Sherman Lewis, recaptured on the way by HMS Ambuscade, 19 Jul 1777, prize crew to Halifax Prison.C186.

Restoration.
CTP:203, British vessel, cargo of arms, Long Island Sound, captured 26 Sep 1781 by the CT galley Regulator, Capt Seth Overton.

Restoration.
McM:69, CT boat, 1780.

Restoration.
NR:438, CTP:204, LCP:224/225, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT sloop, 10 guns, 30 men Capt Elisha Hart, May 1781 , captured on its first cruise.

Restoration.
NLHS:I:IV:30, CT privateer brig, 10 guns, 20 men, Capt P. Eldred.

Retaliation.
Appeals:xxxxiii, 162:2:22, private sloop of war.

Retaliation.
C163, NY privateer, Capt John Ingraham, 1776.

Retaliation.
ND6:549, 640. ND7:233, ND8:398, ND9:802, Maclay:72, 88, Paine:458, Allen:259, Howe:416, Beverly MA privateer brig of 10 guns, 70 men, Capt Eleazer Giles, owners Josiah Batchelder, Jr, & Comp, captured a ship in 1776,.Eastman:9, apparently captured in Autumn, 1777 by British Penguin and taken to Halifax while captained by Eleazer Giles.

Retaliation.
ND7:370, brig, MA Navy privateer, active 1777.

Retaliation.
ND7:1136, ND8:1002-03, RI privateer sloop, Capt Isaac Jones, active in 1777.JA5:264, perhaps the privateer sloop mentioned.

Retaliation.
ND10:153, CTP:206, CT armed boat, Capt Thomas Scranton, on 11 Nov 1777, assisted in the capture of an unidentified British sloop.

Retaliation.
ND9:210, RI LM sloop, Capt John Tillinghast, at Providence 3 Jul 1777.Ford1777:598.

Retaliation.
1778. GWA:702, Coggins:204, Neeser:185, C127, brigantine purchased for the Continental Navy in 1778, Capt John Green, Aug 1778.It was last known to have gone down the Delaware River with the French frigate Chimere. Paullin:517.It was said sold out of service, 1779.

Retaliation.
ND7:368, 370, ND8:874, ND9:422, ND10:732, 733, ND11:164, 424, PA privateer brig, purchased in Martinique in late 1776, Capt Georg Ord, captures British Lord Howe, Nancy, Venus 1777.ND11:164, fitted out in Martinico, 1778.Possibly Silverstone 15, operated in Philadelphia area 1778.

Retaliation.
DaviesXIII:938, American privateer, captured 1777/78.

Retaliation.
CTP:207, CT privateer schooner, Capt Asa Fuller of Middletown, in 1778 captured two prizes, Liverpool, True Love, and assisted in capturing another.

Retaliation.
Allen:259, MA privateer sloop, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt John Carey, 18 Mar 1778, owners Philip Moore and others of Boston.

Retaliation.
NR:438, LCP:224/225, LM PA galley, 6 guns, 50 men, 40 tons, Capt Stephen Decatur, Jan 1779 (Record 1035), took part in capture of schooner Barbary in Sep 1779.

Retaliation.
NR:438, LCP:224/225, LM PA brig, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Philips Kollock, Aug 1779.

Retaliation.
Maclay:207-208, NR:438, CTP:204, LCP:224/225, CT sloop of 12 guns, 60 men, Capt Azariah Whittlesey, Aug 1779 (Record 770), Capt William Havens, May 1780 (Record 746) , Capt Elisha Hart, Jun 1780 (Record 758), took seven prizes, then was herself captured in Bermuda while repairing a leak, Feb 1781. CTP:207, 209, 246, this may be CT privateer sloop commanded by Azariah Whittlesey in 1778 assisting in the capture of the British brig Rogers, and which he commanded in 1779.C142.NLHS:I:IV:30 also shows Capt Giles Hall.

Retaliation.
NR:439, LCP:224/225, LM PA boat, 1 gun, 15 men, Capt Hugh Baker, Aug 1780 .

Retaliation.
Kaminkow:238, American vessel, captured Oct 1780, possibly one of the above.

Retaliation, Restoration.
McM:69, CTP:204, CT privateer boats, 1780/81, each with 1 gun and 20 men, Capt David Hawley of Stratford, Mar 1781, captured 20 prizes. CTP:207, privateer boat, Capt William Johnson, took one prize 1 Oct 1781.

Retaliation.
Allen:259, NR:439, LCP:224/225, 226/227, MA privateer ship, 10/12 guns, 24/30 men, Capt Joseph Goodhue of Newburyport, 4 Nov 1780 (Record 304); Capt Samuel Sewall of Newburyport, 3 Jul 1781 (Record 467), and Capt Samuel Rice of Kittery, ME, 21 Feb 1782 (Record 189). Kaminkow:233, Capt Samuel Rice, captured before Oct 1782 by the British Intrepid, Sandwich, Pomona, Russell.C256.Fowler:301.

Retaliation.
CTN:162, C56, H:262, New London, CT, ship used as a prison for British seaman, Capt John Chapman, furnished by New London merchants in Spring, 1782, it being the second prison ship there.Dandridge:297, Continental prison ship at New London, CT, in use May 1782.

Retrieve.
Allen:259, ND6:1133, ND7:105, ND8:638, Rand:832, ME privateer sloop, 10 guns, 80 men, Capt Joshua Stone of Falmouth, 29 Aug 1776, owners Enoch Ilsley and Benaiah Titcomb of Falmouth, captured 30 Sep 1776 by British Milford.C299. Force:5:III:1526, MAS1:385, American privateer sloop of Casco Bay, MA, captured in 1776 by British Milford.
Crewmen listed as prisoners in MAS.

Retrieve.
NR:439, LCP:226/227, LM PA sloop, 6 guns, 18 men, Capt Wiliam Paul, Sep 1779.

Return Safe.
Appeals Cases 91-92, whaleboat commission issued in CT to Capt Nathan Peete Jackson for May to Nov 1781.It was not renewed.

Revenge.
ND10:296,ND11:612, British privateer brig, Capt Daniel/David Campbell, captures Driver, 2 Dec 1777 and later several other vessels.Paullin:461, British sloop captured several vessels, May1777

Revenge.
ND???, probably a British vessel, Lt George Brown, active 1777. Possibly Silverstone:16, schooner in Lake Champlain squadron, captured or sunk 12 Jul.

Revenge.
ND11:70, schooner of Antigua, 8 guns, Capt Hugh Stevenson, captured Owner’s Delight 6 Nov 1777.

Revenge.
ND11:957, British LM vessel recaptures British Countess of Province 31 Jan 1778.

Revenge.
Paullin:345, British privateer brig, Capt Robert Fendall of Grenada, captured by the MA Tyrannicide in 1779 and sent to MA.

Revenge.
CTRec:604, British ship, 12 guns, 72 men, captured by CT privateer ship Defense, Capt Samuel Smedley.

Revenge.
ND10:1207, British ship, Capt Shepherd, 300 tons, New York to Halifax, taken by Charming Sally, Minerva, 7 Jul 1779.

Revenge.
Appeals Cases 91-92, barge, Capt Joseph Wayland, which had captured the NY sloop Dolphin prior to Nov 1782.

Revenge.
1776.ND5:1229, ND6:1260, ND7:123, Smithsonian4651, Arnold’s fleet schooner, 8 guns, 40 men, Capt Arnold Seaman/Seamon, destroyed at Lake Champlain, Valcure Bay, Oct 1776. Smith:29-30, ND9:235, Cont. Army schooner, 35 men, Capt Isaac Seaman, in the Lake Champlain fleet of 1776, Capt Richard Hyam in 1777, destroyed there.C274.Volo:211.Paullin:518.Coggins:205.Chapelle:103, 112.

Revenge.
C129, NY privateer, Capt Daniel Griffin, 1776.ND6:452, this may be the condemned ship as of 21 Jun 1776.

Revenge.
ND6:1228, 1297, 1335, SC Navy row galley, Capt Thomas Pickering, Jul 1776 and 19 Oct 1776.C241.Silverstone:20.Coggins:103.

Revenge.
ND5:870, 1178, Salem, MA privateer schooner, 90 tons 12 guns, 16 swivels, 85 men, Capt Joseph White, commissioned 14 May 1776, in June 1776, captured the British sloop Betsey and the British brig Fanny. He also captured the ship Anna Maria. Later commanders were Benjamin Warren, Edward Gibaut, and Benjamin Dean.ND7:1243, Howe:416, Peabody:10, one of Mr. Derby’s MA merchant ships converted into a privateer, Capt Joseph White, and it captured four Jamaica vessels in 1776.Owners were Joseph Lee, Miles Greenwood, and others.Allen:260, ND7:1243, MA privateer sloops/schooners, 12 guns, 16 swivels, 85 men; Capt Benjamin Warren, 5 Sep 1776, owners Elias Hasket Derby, Miles Greenwood, and Joseph White of Salem; Capt Benjamin Dean, 25 Oct 1776, owners Miles Greenwood and others. ND6:1078, Maclay:72, MA sloop of 12 guns, Capt Benjamin Warren, captured 5 ships in 1776.Howe:416, Beverly sloop, 90 tons, 12 guns, 60 men, privateer, operating in 1776.ND8:970, ND9:21, ND10:16, Paine:458, Salem, MA, sloop of 10 guns, Capt Benjamin Dean, Oct 1776.ND11:453, American sloop, Capt Dean, from Cape Nichola with gunpowder and shot, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman, c 1777.

Revenge.
Miller:38, Cont. sloop of war, 18 guns, Capt Wickes, considered to resemble a privateer.

Revenge.
ND5:1210, ND6:1057, ND7:1215, 167, ND8:262, RI privateer sloop (or schooner), 10 guns, Capts Samuel Dunn, Jr, and Joseph Sheffield, active 1776-77, captured the British Thomas, but lost it to recapture as it entered Newport, which had fallen into British hands.Sheffield:June 5, 1880, the Revenge is said to have captured the Industry. NR:439, ND6:1005n, ND7:1197, ND8:1045, ND9:858, ND10:590, CTP:207-209, LCP:226/227, ND11:187, 388, 438, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT sloop/brig, 10 guns, 80 men, Capt Joseph Conkling, Oct 1776 (Record 665), Capt Joseph Sheffield, Jan 1777, Capt Nathan Post, with 12 guns, 80 men, 75 tons, Jul 1778 , took 19 prizes.C69, Capt Conkling took the British Amherst, William, Halifax, and helped in 1778 capture Lovely Lass. Revenge. (This may be a single vessel, but most historians consider the records are for two vessels, one an RI privateer, and the other a CT privateer.)

Revenge.
R77:231-232, ND8:389, 1054, American sloop, Capt Henry Laugiew/Lawglew, from Guadalupe, captured by British Emerald 20 April 1777.

Revenge.
14 guns.ND8:802, ND9:600, ND10:1045, Coggins:204, Mills:139, Dandridge:170, Malo:941, 947, Neeser:11, 159, ND11:1125, 1091, 1129, formerly the French le Lévrier, Cont. cutter, 14 guns under Captain Gustavus Conyngham operating out of Martinique in 1778, captured or destroyed 60 British vessels, 1777-79. GWA:701, JA9:320, Continental cutter, c 1780.(Other researchers show him operating off the coast of France.)Dandridge:170, C71, the Revenge was captured with one prize under CaptConyngham, by the British Navy Galatea, Aug 1779, crews sent to New York, later 3 of crew to Mill Prison, the ship may have been recaptured, then sold at Philadelphia in 1779.Conyngham was one of the buyers.Fowler:138, othersshows the original cutter to be British, named Greyhound. Ford1777:602, Ford1778:1022, 1256, Ford1779:236.JA5:299, 6:40, 8:304.Volo:132, Cont. cutter.Silverstone:12, purchased in France, captured by British 27Apr 1779.Paullin:517.Chapelle:95. ND9:225, schooner, Cont. Army vessel, active, 1777.Possibly this is the 14 gun cutter, mentioned by GWA:701, as active 1777-79.

Revenge’s prize.
Dandridge:170, British vessel, unnamed, captured by Capt Conyngham’s cutter Revenge, and with the Revenge, was recaptured by the British Galatea in Aug 1779, and the prize crew sent to New York, then at least 3 crewmen to Mill prison.Mill:138, 139, Revenge Cutter, Capt Conyngham, their prize taken 8 Apr 1778, committed to Mill Prison in May.

Revenge.
NR:440, ND8:330, ND9:310, LCP:226/227, LM MD schooner, 8 guns, 35 men, Capt William Gosnold, Apr 1777. ND10:208, 703, MD LM schooner, Capt William Gosnold, 1777.C124, 125, Capt Gosnold captured by the British Maccaroni 21 Jul 1777.

Revenge.
Dandridge:186, 187, ND6:1356, ND7:478, VANavy:159, galley/schooner in VA Navy, 1776-77, 2 guns, Capt William Deane, Jul 1776.C87.Selby:171, ND5:1140, 1317, schooner in VA Navy, Capt William Deane.ND8:1061, R77:235, American VA schooner privateer, Capt Samuel Towles, from Martinique, captured by British Galatea, 6 Feb 1777.Eller:202 shows only one schooner.

Revenge.
ND10:810, American privateer brig, 18 guns, fitting out at Martinique, 20 Dec 1777.

Revenge.
ND10:810, American privateer brig, 1777.C215, possibly the vessel captured by British, with crew members arriving at Forton Prison 11 Aug 1777.

Revenge.
ND10:910, brig, , Capt Noel Gautier, Jersey Navy privateer, captures Friendship 10 Oct 1777.

Revenge.
ND10:354, sloop, Capt Nathaniel C. Webb, MA privateer, captures Fair Wind 30 Oct 1777.

Revenge.
Capture:65, sloop captured before 11 Jul 1777.ND11:184-185, this may be the sloop captured by British Milford in May 1777 and taken to Annapolis.Reported with Capt Ebenezer Lewis, captured 22 June 1777. American sloop whose Register was filed by the Advocate General as proof of being found on board the sloop by Joseph Winniet, Esq, JP for the County of Annapolis, 11 Jul 1777, in the case entitled “Sir William Burnaby, commander of His Majesty’s ship Milford, vs the Sloop Revenge & cargo.”

Revenge.
ND11:404.American privateer sloop, captured by its own crew and delivered to the British at Dominica, Feb 1778.

Revenge.
ND9:611, ND11:564, 740, Allen:260-261, MA privateer sloop, 10 guns 60 men, Capt Isaac Freeborn/Freeman, 30 Apr 1777, owners John Dean and Mungo Mackay of Boston; Capt Nathaniel Coit Webb, 4 Sep 1777; Capt Ezekiel Burroughs, 26 May 1778, owners Mungo Mackay and John Shattuck; and Capt Ezekiel Burroughs, 6 May 1780, owners included Mungo Mackay; commissioned 30 Apr 1777 and privateer in West Indies in Mar 1778.Later, possibly Capt Ezekiel Burroughs of Cape Ann, with 4 guns 14 men, 28 June 1781, owner Joshua Blanchard of Boston.

Revenge.
ND11:739, American privateer sloop, Capt Sampson, privateer in West Indies, returned to New London 13 Mar 1778.

Revenge.
C233, CT sloop, 10 guns, 80 men, Capt Timothy Parker, 1779.

Revenge.
Coggins:106, Eller:280, MD Navy barge acquired in 1778, lost in action at Tangier Islands 1782, Capt Thomas Grason.

Revenge.
Allen:261, ND11:324, MA privateer ship, Capt James Tracy, 12 Feb 1778, arrived at Bordeaux, France.

Revenge.
CTP:209-210, armed privateer vessel, Capt Elijah Champlin, Jr, assisted in Oct 1778 in the recapture of one prize, Venus, and took two others, sloops Success, Polly, in 1779.

Revenge.
McM:7, NLHS:I:IV:30, CT sloop, 8 guns, 64 men, 1779.LCP:226/227, C278, possibly the sloop commanded by Nathan Post in Jul 1778 (Record 703). While on a cruise to the West Indies, which began 1 Jan 1779, and about 12 Feb 1779 captured a schooner bound from Surinam to Halifax.Henry Billings was placed on the schooner as prizemaster, but it was captured near Antigua and forced into St Johns where the crewmen were put in prison.

Revenge.
CTP:210, privateer armed boat, Capt John Shipman, 2d of Saybrook, specialized in raids and capturing goods behind British lines on Long Island, 1779.

Revenge.
NLHS:I:IV:30, CT privateer sloop, 8 guns, 64 men, Capt Bartholomew Deane.

Revenge.
Calef:32, MA vessel, 20 guns, 100 men, Capt Hallet, burned at Penobscot, Jul 1779.

Revenge.
Allen:261, MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 80 men, Capt James Rob, 30 Aug 1779, owners Benjamin Jepson, James Lamb, and others of Boston..

Revenge.
Allen:262, MA privateer ship, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Elisha Turner, 14 Oct 1779, owners Cushing and White of Boston.

Revenge.
NR:440, LCP:226/227, LM MD brigantine, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt James Buchanan, Jun 1779.

Revenue.
Allen:263, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Samuel Masury, 17 May 1779, owners Nathaniel Silsbee and Jonathan Ingersoll.

Revenge.
R80I:351, American armed sloop, captured, 1779.

Revenge.
Allen:262, LCP:226/227, one or several MA privateer sloops, 12 guns, 50 or fewer men, Capt Samuel Avery, 7 Sep 1779, owner Mungo Mackay; Capt Ezekiel Burroughs, May 1780 (Record 465); Capt Archibald Rainey, 21 Nov 1780 (Record 314); Capt Benjamin Knight, Apr 1781 (Record 445); Capt Ezekiel Burroughs, June 1781;Capt Robert Adamson of Boston, Dec 1781 (Record 112); and Capt Isaiah Simmons of Boston, Aug 1782 (Record 76).

(Some are repeated below.)

Revenge.
American privateer, captured c 1779 by British sloop Galatea, 20 guns, and carried into New York.

Revenge.
NR:440, LCP:226/227, Kaminkow:238, LM MD brig, 12 guns, 32 men, Capt Alexander Murray, Jun 1780 , captured c Oct 1780 by the British Enterprise and taken to England.C215.

Revenge.
NR:440, LCP:226/227, LM PA boat, 1 gun 25 men, Capt Aaron Swaine, Jul 1780 .C237, this may be the Revenge of Philadelphia, captured by British, with crew members arriving at Mill prison 31 Mar 1781.

Revenge.
Smith:272, American privateer schooner.Maclay:85-86, privateer of 10 guns, in action, 1780.Mill:140, captured 1780 in NY and crew taken to Mill Prison in 1781.

Revenge.
Coggins:103, galley in SC Navy, used in defence of Charlestown in 1780.Silverstone:20.

Revenge.
DE:919, 946, DE sloop, Commission from Caesar Rodney to Charles Pope, 1 Aug 1780. Received rations at Cantwell’s Bridge 18 Aug 1780.

Revenge.
Sheffield:Jun 5, 1880, C98, RI privateer, 70 tons, 12 guns, 70 men, in Sep 1776 under Capt Samuel Dunn who captured the British Blaze Castle, and which Sylvanus Jencks captured the British Industry in 1780.

Revenge.
CTP:210, CT privateer armed boat, Capt Amos Judson, captured a British sloop 7 Apr 1781, and participated in retaking another British schooner.

Revenge.
VANavy:169, NR:441, LCP:226/227, VA LM boat of 2 guns, 45 men, Capt Nicholas Lawrence, Apr 1781.Dandridge 187, possibly the galley mentioned.

Revenge.
Kaminkow:238, Mill:140, American vessel, captured probably in 1780, and crew taken to New York, then removed from New York to Mill Prison in Oct 1780, then committed to Mill Prison, Jan 1781, possibly one of the above.

Revenge.
Allen:262, LCP:226/227, one or two MA privateer schooners, 8 guns, 40 men, Capt Benjamin Knight of Salem, 16 Apr 1781 (Record 445); Capt Zenas Cook of Salem, 6 Aug 1781 (Record 391); Capt Samuel Foster of Salem, 16 Aug 1781 (Record 478).Paine:458, Capts Benjamin Knight, and Samuel Foster.

Revenge.
Appeals Case 79, CT armed boat of East Haddam CT, Capt Amos Judson, made raids on Long Island.

Revenge.
R82I:238, American privateer vessel, 40 tons, 30 men, 8 guns, taken in 1781 by British Amphitrite.

Revenge.
MAS1:83, Allen:263, MA privateer sloop, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Robert Adamson of Boston, active 1 Dec 1781.C2.

Revenge.
SchV:53, French privateer, 16 guns, 84 men, captured in 1781 in the Channel by the British Juno, Zebra.

Revenge.
VANavy:169, NR:442, LCP:226/227, Dandridge:186, VA privateer schooner of 6 guns, 25 men, Capt John Mercier, Jul 1782.

Revenge.
C280, MA sloop, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt Isaiah Simmons, captured 6 Nov 1782 while enroute to Port-au-Prince, taken to prison at St Augustine, FL.

Revenge.
McM:471, NJNavy:217, NJ armed whaleboat of the naval militia, 1782, Capt Richard Steelman of Egg Harbor, or Capt Teunis Voohees.

Revenge.
Allen:263, LCP:226/227, one or two MA privateer brigantines, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Nathan Poor/Pond of Newburyport, 14 Dec 1781 (Record 114); Capt Amos Potter of Boston, 8 Feb 1783.

Revenge.
Appeals Cases, R15, Capt Amos Potter of armed sloop.

Reventlow.
R82II:274, brig taken by the British in 1782.

Revenue.
CTP:256, Fairfield County privateer, Capt Moses Butler, actually from Hartford County.See also American Revenue.

Revolt.
Allen:123, 263, Paine:458, NR:442, LCP;226/227, LM MA privateer brig, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Henry Phelps of Salem, 29 Oct 1781 (Record 665), captured before 4 Apr 1782 and taken into New York.C240.

Revolution.
NR:442, LCP:226/227, LM PA ship, 20 guns, 60 men, Capt John McNachtane, Dec 1779 and again in Apr 1781 with 26 guns, 130 men, after a change in ownership.

Revolution.
Howe:416, NR:443, LCP:226/227, LM Beverly, MA, ship of 330 tons, 20 guns, 130 men, privateer, Capt Stephen Webb (Record 549), in operation in French and English waters after Mar 1782.

Revolution.
Allen:263, NR:443, LCP:226/227, LM MA schooner, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Joseph Trask, 6 Dec 1782, owners Robert Leach and others of Salem.

Reward.
Force:5:III:1530, R76II:267, ND6:92, 126, 194, ND7:1293, British ship, Capt Baillie/Bailey, Tortola to London, 350 tons, captured, condemned 24 Feb 1776 by American Hancock.

Reward.
McM:439, British whaling brig, prize ransom of the Black Prince of Dunkirk, France, 1779.

Reward.
McM:68, CTP:240, British schooner of St Kitts, Capt John Greg, 4 guns, 10 men, prize of CT sloop Washington, Capt Benjamin King, and Gamecock, Capt Gideon Olmsted, 21 Aug 1779.C175.DaviesXVI:1059, mentioned, 1779/80.

Reward.
R76II:235, American armed vessel, Capt David Allen, at PA in 1776.

El Rey.
Beerman:94, 121, Spanish packetboat used for mail, 1780.

Reynard.
ND11:649, French sloop, Capt Dominique Auguste Viand, captured 15 Mar 1778 by British Carysfort.

Reynard.
SchV:58, French vessel, 18 guns, 160 men, captured in 1780 in the West Indies by the British Brune, Capt F. Hartwell.

Reynolds.
Force:5:III:1530, R76II:267, ND5:410, ND6:671, British vessel, Capts Heylock Rusden, Gideon Manchester, Jamaica to London, 200 tons, prize in May 1776 of MA Congress and Chance taken at Havana, Cuba.McM:346, prize of PA at Bedford, MA, prizemaster Thomas Truxtun, May 1776, sold to RI.JA5:35.

Reynolds.
ND8:569, ND11:128, American ship, Capt Gideon Manchester,RI to Curaçao, was captured by its own crew and carried into Antigua where it was condemned 10 Dec 1777.

Rhinland/Rhynland/Rijnland.
Dutch warship, 54 guns, 300 men, stationed at the Texel during wartime to protect the Dutch homeland.VanMaanen, it was in Admiralty of Amsterdam, launched 1753, under Capt Mulder in 1782, exploded and burned in 1783.

Rhoda.
R77:408, ND10:90, British brigantine, Capt William Butcher, London to Venice, captured 9 Oct 1777 by Oliver Cromwell, libelled in MA Middle District, 1777.

Rhoda.
ND9:17, 143, 147, sloop, Capt William Malen, attempted to get out of Narragansett Bay, 4 June 1777.

Rhoda.
Allen:263, MA privateer brig, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Samuel Dugard, 14 Jan 1778, owner Mark Lafitte.

Rhodes.
Kaminkow:238, captured Nov 1780.Howe:421, Allen:264, MA privateer brig, 220 tons, 20 guns, 120 men, Capt Nehemiah Buffinton, in operation in 1780, owned by William Shillaber and others.Allen:223, captured by HMS Prothe and taken into Barbados c 15 Feb 1782.C41, another Capt was John Buffington.Crew listed in MAS.ChapelleHL:113.

Rhyland.
R82II:168, Dutch navy, 1782, Capt Cha. Muldert.

Rice.
McM:280, British schooner, prize of MA, 1781.

Rice Bird.
M:363, Salley, 226, 236, SC cargo boat/schooner, 1779.

Richard.
Mc:347, R77:408, ND9:429, 461, 481, British coal brig, Capt Thomas Ledger, Workington to Dublin, captured by American Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, and sunk 22 June 1777.

Richard.
Dann:19, McM:306, Scottish brig, Capt George Jameson, from Glasgow, prize captured in 1780 by the Fair American.

Richard.
C324, American vessel captured by British, with crew members to Forton Prison, 14 Oct 1779.

Richard.
NR:443, CTP:210, LCP:226/227, LM CT sloop, 6 guns, 14 men, Capt Lodowich Champlin, Mar 1780 (Record 744), formerly under Capt Abijah Beebe.Capt Champlin was captured by the British, released in May 1781.C54.NLHS:I:IV:30, shows Capt as Joseph Conkling.

Richard Penn.
ND1:1361, ship, 10 men, 100 tons, Capt Isaac All, Annapolis to Leghorn, 24 Dec 1774. ND5:659, an American vessel apparently in service to Willing, Morris, & Company, at Cannan 21 June 1776.

Richardson.
VANavy:169-170, privateer sloop of 2 guns, 4 swivels, and 10 men, Capt Nathaniel Cooper, 1778.NR:443, LCP:226/227, show it as MD sloop.

Richmond.
ND1:43, 1363, 1375, ??? ship, 8 men 70 tons, Capt Thomas Hutchinson, probably British, active 1775, Annapolis to Bristol with wheat and flour and return from Liverpool with European goods.

Richmond.
ND1:1179, probably British vessel, arrives at Boston 19 Aug 1775.

Richmond.
ND1:1388, 1390, ship, probably British, Capt James Paterson, James River to Glasgow with tobacco and staves, probably two trips in 1775.

Richmond.
ND2:242, British packet, captured in Norfolk Harbor 22 Sep 1775.

Richmond.
Appeals:xxxxiii, 162:1:7, the brig vs Craig.Ford1777:13.

Richmond.
ND4:381, British transport, re-used as Hospital ship 17 Mar 1776.

Richmond.
ND6:1447, ND7:98, British brig, Capt George Folger, captured by American Congress, bound for Halifax, 2 Sep 1776 or 9 Nov 1776.

Richmond (HMS)
ND7:965, Capt John Gidoin off Nantucket Shore 15 Jan 1777. LG:409, SchV:44, British frigate, 32 guns, 220 men, captured by French at Savannah, and later used by the French at Yorktown.R82II:40 shows French Capt de Barras capturing a frigate Richmond, Capt de Mortemart, in Chesapeake Bay, 1782.DaviesXIV:61, 177, XV:66, 164, XX:69, 173, HMS.Silverstone:92, captured 11 Sep 1781.

Richmond.
McM:312, British brig, 150 tons, Jamaica to New York, prize of PA Holker, 1779.

Richmond.
McM:306, Scottish ship, prize of PA, 1780, re-taken by British and sent to SC.

Richmond.
ND3:521, 994, ND4:1015, ND5:1371, ND6:448,ND7:965, ND8:956, ND9:251, 840, ND10:767, ND11:556, British victualer, 32 guns, 220 men, Capt James/John Lewis Gidoin, active late 1775, captured Modesty 5 Nov 1777 and several others.

Richmond.
SchV:44, British vessel, 32 guns, Capt Charles Hudson, captured in 1781 by the French fleet off the Chesapeake.

Richmond.
ND2:242, American packet in Norfolk harbor boarded by British Kingfisher, Capt James Montague, who removed all gunpowder, Sep 1775.

Richmond.
VANavy:151, shipyard which furnished boats and naval equipment to the state.

Richmond.
ND7:353, VA schooner, Capt Alexander Massemburg, given permit to trade at Martinico, 2 Dec 1776.

Richmond.
NR:443, LCP:226/227, LM MD sloop, 2 guns, 12 men, Capt Henry Geddes, Sep 1778.

Richmond.
American vessel used in defense of Sullivan’s Island at Charleston in 1780.

Richmond.
VANavy:170, NR:444, LCP:226/227, VA LM schooner of 12 guns, 20 men, Capt Job Pray, Jun1782.

Richmond.
NR:444, LCP:226/227, LM PA brig, 12 guns, 50 men, Capt John Cummings, Sep 1779.

Richmond.
Kaminkow:238, American vessel, Capt George Ford, captured before Apr 1780 by the British Byron and four others.C112.

Richmond.
Beerman:212, French frigate at Brest, 1782.

Richmond.
C159, MD brig, 8 guns, 2 swivels, 30 men, Capt Humphrey Hughes, Apr 1782.

Richmond.
Dann:19, 21, ship of Glasgow, Scotland, captured as a prize in 1780 by the Fair American and the Holker.

Richmond.
Dandridge:187, VANavy:173, Paullin:416, barge in VA Navy under construction, Capt John Herbert, 1783.

Riddle.
ND8:976, British privateer ship captures American Lefier 16 Apr 1777.

Right and Justice.
NR:444, CTP:211, LCP:228/229, NLHS:I:IV:30, LM CT sloop, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt Daniel Scovell/Scovel, Jul 1780 (Record 757), at least one prizes.

Right Hand.
NR:444, CTP:211, LCP:228/229, LM CT sloop, 5 guns, 15 men, Capt Asa Palmer, Oct 1781 (Record 816).NLHS:I:IV:30, also, Capt. Lodowick Champlain.

Riopongo.
Force:5:III:1530, British vessel, Capt Roberts, Jamaica to Liverpool, captured 1776 by the MA Eagle, Capt Barzillai Smith, purchased 28 Mar 1777.ND7:646, ND8:218,shows Capt Walter Cherry.C284.

Rippon.
ND5:1371, ND6:619, ND7:1024, Volo:30, 266, British ship, 60 guns, 350 men, Capt William Waldegrave, RN, rescued prisoners used as crew members, 20 Sep 1776, many crew ill as of 23 Jan 1777.

Rising Empire.
Coggins:204, ND4:1161, ND5:1071, ND6:345, ND7:825, ND8:417, ND9:917, 982, ND10:793, Allen:164, brigantine of MA Navy, Capt Richard Whellen/Whelden, acquired in 1775/76, left service 1777.Howe:400, ND10:67, 793, ND11:320, 344, it became a cartel brig, then a MA prison ship 24 Apr 1777, with MA Navy Capts Godfrey, Ezra Watson/Weston, William McClure.MAS lists crewmen.C333.Silverstone:20, built Jul 1776, sold Mar 1780.Paullin:325, built at Dartmouth Jul 1776.

Rising Star.
Allen:265, MA privateer sloop, Capt Rowel of Salem, Sep 1780.

Rising States.
VANavy:170, NR:444, LCP:228/229, VA LM brig of 14 guns and 70 men, Capt James Pasteur, Nov 1781.

Rising States.
Allen:265, ND7:1234, ND8:848, ND10:925, ND11:888, 1006, MA privateer brigantine, 210 tons, 20 guns, 100 men, Capt James Thompson, in operation, 1776-77.Owners were William Davis, Philip Moore, and others of Boston.Connor:174-177 (1786), Kaminkow:238, ND9:635, brigantine, 16 guns, Capt James Thompson, taken 15 Apr 1777 by British Terrible, and 38 men of 62 man crew sent to Forton Prison, England, 14 June 1777.They were the first prisoners at Forton Prison.C309.The Rising States was refitted and renamed the Charming Molly by the British.In ND11 there is a listing of prisoners captured 15 Apr 1777 in Forton Prison 29 Dec 1777.Syrett:9.

Rising States.
Kaminkow:238, American vessel, Capt Samuel Mansfield, captured before Sep 1782 by British General Conway.C195.

Rising Sun.
ND1:289, probably British vessel, Capt Peterson, in York River from London, 5 May 1775.

Rising Sun.
R77:408, NR10:1206, British brigantine, 100 tons, Capt Salter, Liverpool to Halifax,captured by the Dolphin, 19 Aug 1777.

Rising Sun.
CTP:210, British sloop, Capt Abel Walker, captured 7 Apr 1781 by CT armed boat Revenge, Capt John Shipman.C172 shows Capt of Revenge as Amos Judson.

Rising Sun.
Allen:265, in operation in 1777, 16 guns, captured before 10 Apr 1777, out of Boston, along with the Prosperous, by the British snow Fox and Prince of Wales.M:391, MA brigantine captured in 1777 and crew taken to Forton Prison, England.

Rising Sun.
M880:4, PA vessel captured May 1778 by British Solebury.

Rising Sun.
NR:444, LCP:228/229, LM MD sloop, 2 guns, 8 men, Capt Henry Geddes, Apr 1778..

Rising Sun.
McM:79, CT sloop, 1781.

Rising Sun, 20 guns. Dann:15, Maclay:88, 90, NR:445, LCP:228/229, LM PA privateer ship, 20 guns, 130 men, Capt Samuel Cassan, Mar 1781 and Jul 1781 (Record 893), and in Dec 1781 Capt Stephen Decatur, Sr, father of Stephen Decatur, later of War of 1812 fame.C87, this Rising Sun was captured, Dec 1781 and the elder Stephen Decatur was imprisoned.

Risque.
Capture:14, British shallop taken by the American privateer Hibernia in 1779, but recaptured by the British on the way to an American port.

Rittenhouse/Rettenhouse.
Capture:66, ND3:270, ND4:1230, 1374, ND5:657, ND6:787, ship, master/Capt Ambrose Bartlett, taken off the coast of VA by British Raven, 28 Dec 1775, placed in British service and renamed Albany at Halifax, 12 Sep 1776. Johnson:152, 155, after the Riceboat battle at Savannah, the prize ship Rittenhouse was loaded with rice and sailed to Boston, Mar 1776.She seems to have been taken by the HMS Raven, Capt Stanhope, and sailed to Lisbon, where her cargo was sold.

Rival.
Allen:265, C265, MA privateer snow, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt William Ross, 26 Dec 1779, owner George Dodge, Jr, of Salem.

Robert.
Sands:212, British chartered snow transport, 235 tons, Capt Jonathan Moore, who was also part owner.She carried provisions to Yorktown, and was reported sunk in the battle, Oct 1781.

Robert.
Peabody:239, British brig , Prince Edward Island to London, with lumber and plank, boarded 8 Nov 1782 by the MA privateer Grand Turk, and burned.

Robert.
ND11:125, American sloop, Capt Jesse Howell, captured by British Shark, Capt John Chapman, condemned 15 Oct 1776.

Robert.
ND7:233, ND9:254, Continental brig, formerly Lively, purchased for Secret Committee, Capt William Tant, captured by British Diamond, Greyhound, 24 May 1777.

Robert.
ND11:1127, American ship, Capt John McCarthy, from Boston with planks arrived in Bay of Cadiz 16 Mar 1778.

Robert & Elizabeth.
ND2:395, ND3:410, British brig, Capt Nicholas Woolfe, paid fees at Oxford, MD, 4 Aug 1775, to Corke 7 Dec 1775.

Robertson/Robinson.
Mill:141, 210, Kaminkow:233, American schooner taken 20 Jan/Feb 1781 at St Eustatius, crew to Mill Prison, Apr 1781 or 28 Jul 1781.

Robin.
Allen:265, MA privateer brigantine, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt Edmund Davis, 5 Nov 1779, owner John R. Livingston.

Robinhood.
CTP:255, British vessel captured by Fairfield County privateers.

Robin Hood.
Allen:266, NR:445, LCP:228/229, LM MA privateer ship, 14 guns, 60 men, Capt Sargent Smith of Cape Ann, 24 May 1781 (Record 353), owners Stephen Higginson and Daniel Sargent of Boston.

Robust.
ND6:593, 630, British ship, Capt Benoist, captured by the MA privateer sloop Rover, Capt Simon Forrester, Sep 1776.Possibly Syrett(1989):142, 205.

Robust.
Allen:266, Paine:459, NR:445, LCP:228/229, LM MA privateer ship, 12 guns, 25 men, Capt Jonathan Tucker of Salem, 31 Oct 1781 (Record 642,d).Capture:66-67, originally a French snow, Robuste, captured and coppered by Americans, recaptured 4 Dec 1781 by British while on a trip to Havana.

Robuste.
ND8:812, ND9:464, French Navy frigate, Capt Toussaint Guillaume de La Motte-Picquet, in action 1777.

Robuste.
ND11:988-90, JA8:359, LG:409, Lawrence:9, 67, R82I:51, French Navy ship of the line, 74 guns, Capt Chevalier de Longueville, part of the d’Estaing Squadron of 1778.

Roby.
Force:5:III:1524, ND7:9, 98, 120, American brig, Capt William Howland, Dartmouth in New England to Surinam, captured in 1776 by British Perseus, libelled 22 Apr 1777.

Robyn.
Lux:181n23, ship,

Rochambeau.
Sheffield:Apr 10, 1880, RI vessel under Capt Oliver Read, c 1780, said to have captured the Rebecca, Spy, Leopard, Lion.

Rochambeau.
NR:446, CTP:212, LM CT snow, 16 guns, 35 men, Capt Michael Melally, Mar 1781, may have taken a prize 6 Apr 1781.

Rochambeau.
Allen:266, NR:446, LCP:230/231, LM MA privateer ship, 6 guns, 18 men, Capt Jonathan Parsons of Newburyport, 16 Oct 1781 (Record 589).

Rochester.
ND1:254, probably British schooner, Capt Elliott, England to VA, moved corn 30 Apr 1775.

Rochester.
Allen:266, NR:446, LCP:230/231, LM MA privateer boat, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt Stephen Marion/Morton of Boston, 15 Apr 1782 (Record 585).

Rochester.
Dandridge:186, VANavy:155, ND9:749, brigantine, in VA Navy, 1777, Capt ??? Bozeman, captured 15 Aug 1777 by British Sphynx, and crew imprisoned in Philadelphia.

Rockingham. ND1:818, 846, American vessel, arms from Cadiz to Newbury Port, 9 Jul 1775.ND3:714, brigantine with MA cargo, 10 Jan 1776.ND4:55, ship, at Hampton Road, 23 Feb 1776.ND5:428, ND7:949, MA schooner, Capt Johnson, to be loaded in Spain with war materials, preferably guns and ammo, alternatively blankets, duck, Cordage, etc, Jan 1777.

Roderique.
French storeship used in 1779 Siege of Savannah, GA, by D’Estaing’s fleet.

Rodney.
SchV:45, British brig, 16 guns, Capt J. S. Brisbane, captured by French in the capitulation of Demerary.

Rodney.
McM:306, British brig from Liverpool to Charleston, prize of PA privateers, 1780, sent to NJ.

Rodney.
NR10:1209, British sloop, Capt Ingraham, 50 tons, St. Christopher to Halifax, taken by the Rhodes, 2 Jan 1781.

Roebuck.
Force:5:III:1530, NR10:1205, British schooner, 50 tons, Capt White, from Nova Scotia, captured 12 Nov 1776 by U/I vessel.

Roebuck (HMS).ND1:1329, ND2:1251, ND3:1008, ND5:1021, ND6:448, ND7:964, ND8:80, ND9:33, ND11:687, British warship, 40/44 guns, 250 men, Capt Andrew Snape Hamond, RN, captured several American vessels.Cog:35.DaviesX:9, 1662, XI:147, 201, XII:67, 245, XIII:202, 2479, at Halifax in 1775, XIV:38, 259, XV:66, 164, XVI:514, 2101, XVII:149, XX:170.Volo:63, 129, 266.Paullin:208.Chapelle:84.Coggins:93, 104, 204 probably the British vessel which captured the Protector, 5 May 1781, as well as the Confederacy.

Roebuck.
Allen:266, MA privateer schooner, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt William Gray, 26 Oct 1778, owners Elias Hasket Derby and others of Salem.Allen:266, MA privateer ship, 12 guns, 80 men, Capt Jonathan Felt, 3 Aug 1779, owner Elias Hasket Derby.Kaminkow:238, Capt Jonathan Felt, captured before Mar 1780.

Roebuck.
Maclay:135, Mill:140, Kaminkow:238, Allen:266, NR:446, LCP:230/231, LM MA privateer ship of 14 guns, 90 men, Capt Gideon Henfield/Mansfield (Record 290) captured a British privateer in 1779, but was itself taken 16 Oct 1780/Jan 1781,crew to New York, thence to Mill Prison in Jan 1781.

Roebuck.
Allen:267, NR:446,LCP:230/231,Rand:832, LM ME privateer boat, 16 men with small arms, Capt Philip Crandal of Falmouth, Cumberland County, 1 Jun 1781 (Record 641).

Rogers/Rodgers.
ND1:352, ND3:1368, British, brig, Capt James Phillips, entered Baltimore from Belfast, 15 May 1775, in need of repair at Baltimore.

Rogers.
CTP:209, M:25, British brig, Capt Townsend, captured on 29 Sep 1779 by CT vessels, Revenge, Defiance, Experiment, Retaliation, Sally.

Rogers.
ND4:13, ND5:607, brig, owner George Woolsey, to be sunk in Baltimore Harbor, Apr 1776, but released and sent to buy supplies in St Eustatius under Capt Thomas Russell, Jun 1776.

Rogers.
ND4:13, 1319, 1409, 1426, ND5:652, ND7:439, MD brig, Capt Thomas Ridley, safe at St. Eustatia, Dec 1776.

Rogers.
ND7:1161, brig Capt Robinson, carried correspondence between St Eustatia and Baltimore, Feb 1777.

Rohan/Rouhan Soubize. SchV:53, French privateer 22 guns, 75 men, captured in 1781 in the North Sea by the British cutters Proselyte and Repulse.

Roi Négre.
Villiers:191, a Négrier, apparently built in 1797 for the North Atlantic trade.

Roisere D’Artois.
ND11:750, French ship, Capt D’archambaut, captured by HMS Galatea 21 Mar 1778.

Roland.
ND11:988-90, French Navy ship of the line, Capt Chevalier de Larchantel, part of d’Estaing Squadron of 1778.Dull:146, Burned in a dockyard fire, 1779.

Romaine.
ND7:796, ND8:537, 543, French Navy ship, retained in Le Havre while waiting to sail to America, 18 Dec 1776 or 24 Jan 1777.

Romeo.
Allen:267, NR:446, LCP:230/231, LM MA privateer sloop, 10 guns 15 men, Capt John Grimes of Boston, 6 Mar 1781 (Record 427).

Romney (HMS).
ND3:370, Capt George Keith Elphinston, RN.ND4:993. ND5:1364, ND6:449, ND7:742, ND8:599, ND9:684, ND10:969, 1116, ship, 50 guns, 320 men, Capt Elliot Salter, RN, at Spithead 23 Mar 1776, arrived at Lonson, 12 Nov 1776 under Capt George Montagu, RN, then probably Capt Terry, took on cargo 3 Nov 1777.DaviesX:2322, XII:249, XIII:682, 2199, XIV:111, XV:209, XVI:91.Volo:24, 266, flagship, Capt John Corner.U:122.Syrett(1989):32.

Romulus.
S:104, R83II:190, Eller:279, 465, SchV:44, British transport for prisoners, 44 guns, 500 prisoners, captured by the French L’Eveille, Capt de Tilly in 1781, and taken to RI. Silverstone:92, captured 19 Feb 1781.Buel:221, 44 gun French frigate left in the Chesapeake Bay to head a small fleet used by Rochambeau to protect Baltimore.Buel:369, RM7:251, 263, Bonsal:137, French frigate, Capt Chevalier de Villebrune, ice-bound and blockaded in Baltimore harbor, did not sail until after Mar 1783, when peace had been declared.

Romulus.
American vessel said to be used in defense of Sullivan’s Island at Charleston in 1780.

Romulus.
Allen:267, Paine:458, NR:447, LCP:230/231, LM MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 25 men, Capt Joshua Grafton of Salem, 10 Jan 1781 (Record 427); Capt Joseph Waters of Salem, 12 Jul 1781 (Record 642b); Capt Thomas Palfrey of Salem, 20 Nov 1782 (Record 407).

Ronals.
ND8:575, American ship, Capt James, captured by Antiguan privateer, 10 Feb 1777.

Rongeur.
Malo:977, French privateer, 24 men, captured by British in 1782.

Rosamond.
ND3:1347, ND4:214, 300, ship, Capt Wright Southgate, apparent shipper for Congress, Abraham Van Zandt, wheat for Capt William Mercier, Feb and 11 Mar 1776.

Rosanna.
ND7:382-383, probably a former British brigantine, purchased by MA Board of War and renamed Warren, Capt Paul Reed, 6 Dec 1776.Ford1777:472.

Rosanna.
NR10:1208, British schooner, Capt Lewis, 28 tons, to Nova Scotia, taken by the Irish Gimlet, trial 10 Sep 1780.

Rosario.
C&C:95, 109, Spanish packet boat, used as a hospital ship at the Battle of Mobile in Jan 1780, then later in 1781 at Pensacola. (This may be the same as Nuestra Señora del Rosario.)

Rosario.
Beerman:270, Chevalier340, Spanish floating battery, 21 guns, Capt Francisco Muñoz, burned 13/14 Sep 1782 during Siege of Gibraltar.

El Rosario.
C&C:104, Spanish sloop 5 men, used in 1781 at Pensacola.

Rosario de Piña.
C&C:95, Spanish sloop, used in 1781 at Pensacola.

Rose (HMS).
ND1:1096, 1286, ND2:1250, ND3:1008, ND4:1225, ND6:450, British warship, 50 guns, 300 men, British Capt. James Wallace, was patrolling Narrangansett Bay in the British frigate Rose. He fired on New London 1 Sep 1775.He was to cruise off RI, 24 Apr 1776.ND8:810, British warship, 20 guns 150 men, Capt James Reid, RN.DaviesX:137, XI:76, 212, XII:111, 245, XIV:39, 177, XVI:819, XVII:142, 152.Volo:38, 186.Fowler:47-48.Miller:18, first British vessel captured at sea.Nelson:58.Coggins:20.

Rose’s Tender.
Paullin:80, 463, 464, tender of the British frigate Rose captured 12 Jun 1775 by Commodore Whipple of RI.

Rose.
ND3:1305, British ship, lost in English Channel, 13 Feb 1776.

Rose (HMS).
ND5:229, ND7:255, British warship, 20 guns, 160 men, Capt Alexander Scott, RN, stationed near Long Island 23 Nov 1776, captured American vessels.DaviesXV:65, active in 1778.Volo:126, 266.U:149.Syrett(1989):14, 47.

Rose.
R77:408, British slaver, Capt Rose, Africa to Jamaica, with slaves, 1777.

Rose.
Silverstone:91, British vessel, 20 guns, sunk 6 Sep 1778.

Rose.
SchV:47, British vessel, 24 guns, Capt J. Browne, sunk in 1779 on Savannah Bar, GA.

Rose.
Sheffield:5 Jun 1880, British brig, 130 tons, captured 2 Aug 1781 by Capt John B. Hopkins in the RI Success.

Rose.
ND1:1241, ND3:1369, probably Britsh ship, 10 men, 110 tons, Capt Joseph Curry, enters Baltimore 16 Aug 1775 or 21 Aug .

Rose.
C324, RI privateer, Capt Joseph Wallace, 1775.A sloop Rose was indeed captured by Commodore Whipple in 1775, and it may have become a privateer.

Rose.
ND5:872, schooner, Capt Noble, Nantucket to Barbados, captured 2 Jul 1776 by British brig Halifax.

Rose.
R77:233, ND7:954, 1049, ND8:1056, American brig/ship, Capt Joseph Costin, from Hispaniola, captured by British Roebuck 13 Jan 1777, and was placed in the Roebuck convoy..

La Rose.
R77:232, ND8:123, 1056, American ship, Capt Augustin Couster, from Philadelphia, captured by British Preston 13 Jan 1777.

Rose. ND2:265, 1377, ND8:259, 491, ND11:127, American schooner, 8 men, 65 tons, Capt Solomon Bunker, captured in Oct 1775 by HMS Rose in New York.He is also shown captured by Antigua, 2 April 1777, condemned 24 Apr 1777.(These have to be different vessels.)

Rose.
ND11:276, Tortola sloop privateer, seized and sailors placed in prison 12 Jan 1778.

Rose.
NR:447, LCP:230/231, LM PA brig, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Thomas Craig, Mar 1780.

Rose.
CTP:165, the American brig was captured by the British and was recaptured 11 Oct 1781 by CT brigantine Minerva, Capt Dudley Saltonstall, sent to New London, CT.
C6.

Rose.
NR:447, LCP:230/231, LM PA ship, 4 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Mesnard, Aug 1782, owners, William Turnbull & Company.

Rose.
Chevalier:123fn, corsaire captured by the French in damaged condition, 1778.

Roseanna.
Appeals:xxxxiv, 162:2:20, in case of Fowkes vs Hussey, the claimant.

Rosette.
Allen:267, MA privater brigantine, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Jacob Dunnell, 14 May 1779, owners William and Godfrey Hutchinson, merchants of Boston..

La Rosette.
Robertson(1959):13fn, Dutch neutral sloop from Curaçao, captured by the French, then recaptured by the British in 1776, then taken to Jamaica, where she was condemned in 1778.

Rosemary.
ND4:1480, sloop, Hezekiah Child, RI to CT, 3 Apr 1776.

Rosière D’Artois.
ND11:750, French ship, Capt d’Archambaut, captured by British Galatea in 1778.

Ross.
VANavy:170, NR;447, LCP:230/231, LM privateer brig of 12 guns 25 men, Capt James Chambers, 1782.

Le Rossignol.
ND5:1319, ND6:394, French Navy Corvette, Capt de l’Abbadie/Dussault, active 1776. French Navy frigate, 20 guns, from Rochefort active mid 1776, on cruise, Oct 1778.Villiers:211, 296, escorted convoys Ile d’Aix to Gibraltar, 1778.A French Navy ship of this name was said to be lost at sea 31 Jul 1776.

Rotterdam.
SchV:66, DaviesXIX:1493, XXI:31, Dutch warship, 50 guns, 300 men, captured by the Warwick in the English Channel in 1781.

Roultrac.
Selby:176, a brig which arrived in VA for Norton and Beale from John Bondfield of Bordeaux, France, with guns and ammunition, 1777.

Roumpee.
NLHS:I:IV:30, CT privateer galley, 1 gun, 12 men, Capt J. Wilkinson.

Rover.
Force:5:III:1530, ND5:890, ND6:508, ND7:642-43, British brig, Capt John Hunter, from Barbados, or Antigua to Ireland, captured, condemned 22 Jul 1776 by American Montgomery.It was the former Betsey.
R76II:267, this may be the prize from Antigua captured by Americans in 1776.

Rover.
CTP:54, British privateer, 6 guns, Capt Hays, captured off Sandy Hook 9 Jun 1779 by the CT sloop Beaver.

Rover.
CTP:132, British sloop victualler, 35 tons, Capt Perez Gilbert, captured 27 Jul 1778, by CT schooner Hawk, Capt Jonathan Baker.
C286.

Rover.
SchV:43, British naval vessel of 18 guns, captured by the French in 1780, retaken by the British, then lost at sea.DaviesXX:173, HMS.Silverstone:92, ex-Cumberland, captured 13 Sep 1780.

Rover.
SchV:50, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt J. Duncan, lost at Sandy Hook, 1781.(There is a confusing entry for Silverstone:92, ex-American Cumberland, captured 1777, wrecked 1781.

Rover.
Sands:212, British victualler, Capt John Beveon, reported sunk in the Battle of Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Rover.
R76II:268, Allen:267, American privateer sloop, 8 guns, 10 swivels, 2 cohorns, 50 men, Capt Simon Forester/Thompson, 12 Jul 1776, owners Jacob Ashton and Joseph Sprague of Salem, [captured by British in 1776 - probably should be 1777].ND4:1042, MA sloop, Allen:267-268, Capt Abijah Boden, active 13 Nov 1776.ND5:870, 1034, probably mentioned.Maclay:72, 78, 85, ND5:1035, ND6:1002, ND7:710, ND8:3003, ND10:780, MA privateer sloop of 60 tons, 8 guns, destroyed one ship and captured four others, 1776.Howe:416, Allen:267-268, there are three records for a Beverly, MA, sloop, 60 tons, 8 guns, 50 men, privateer, operating in Jul 1776 under Capt Simon Forrester, and in Nov 1776 under Capt Abijah Boden, and in Aug 1777 under Capt John Mitchell, with owners for Capt Mitchell of John Derby, Andrew Cabot, and others of Salem.H:149, 151, MA privateer from Salem, MA, captured and sunk by British Sphynx, 1 Dec 1777.Syrett:6, appeared in European waters, summer of 1776.

Rover.
ND9:340, ND11:451, 454, American sloop from SC with rice and tobacco captured by British Glasgow, Capt N. Bateman, 24 Jul 1777.

Rover.
ND8:722, RI privateer sloop, 14 guns, Capt John Horne, cruising off Ireland, 28 Mar 1777.

Rover.
Robertson(1779):78, 142, brig of Uxbridge, SC, enroute to St Thomas, captured by British in 1778 and taken to Jamaica.

Rover.
See Daphne.

Rover.
SchV:54, Americanvessel, 16 guns, 43 men, captured by the British Galatea.
Greenwood:95, an American ship of this name with 16 guns was captured by British in 1779 and put into their navy.

Rover.
Cayford:123, Allen:268, sloop of 100 tons, 10 guns, 80 men, Capt Parker, owner not listed,on the Penobscot Expedition. Another source shows one Rover was captured in 1779 on the Penobscot Expedition, Capt Adam Wellman.Manley:95, the sloop captured at Penobscot was possibly the ship of 16 guns taken by British in 1779 and put into their navy.

Rover.
C287, NH schooner, 6 swivels, 16 men, Capt Josiah Smith, May 1779.C34, NH schooner, 20 guns, 16 men, Capt Simon Broadstreet, May 1780.

Rover.
Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.

Rover.
NR:448, LCP:230/231, LM MD schooner, 10 guns, 10 men, Capt Thomas Patten, Aug 1780.

Rover.
Capture:21, armed sloop with 14 guns and 95 men which captured the brigantine Diana, but lost her to recapture while she was enroute to Salem.

Rover.
MAS1:196, Allen:268, brigantine, Capt Adam Wellman, crew listing in MAS, 30 Jun 80.

Rover.
Allen:268, Paine:458, NR:448, LCP:230/231, R81II:259, C16, LM MA privateer ship, 24 guns, 100 men, Capt James Barr of Salem, 28 May 1781 (Record 356), captured 20 June 1781 by British Medea, 100 men in Barbados prison, Jan 1781.Some historians say the capture was in Nov 1781.

Rover.
Coggins:106, RI Navy sloop, 18 guns, 140 men, in service 1781, Capt Richard Olney.Greenwood:95, probably the ship of 20 guns captured by the British in 1781 and put in their navy.Paullin:470, RI sloop purchased May 1781.

Rover.
Allen:268-269, NR:448, LCP:230/231, one or more MA LM privateer schooners, 10 guns 20/30 men, Capt Elijah Ayer of Machias, 1 Dec 1781 (Record 113), owners Samuel Sharp of Boston; Capt Thomas Mogridge/Mugbridge of Salem, 14 Jun 1782 (Record 498). Paine:458.

Rover.
Allen:269, LCP:230/231, MA schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Levi Young of Martha’s Vineyard, 27 Aug 1782 (Record 85), owners Lemuel Williams and others of Dartmouth; then possibly Capt Daniel Needham, 1782, with 12 guns and 40 men; and then Capt Nicholas Melzard of Marblehead, 29 Jan 1783, with 2 guns and 20 men.

Rover.
CTP:212, privateer armed boat, Capt Joseph Hull, the 4th, of Derby, took at least four prizes in 1782/83.

Rover Galley.
Allen:269, NR:448, LCP:230/231, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 25 men, Capt Lemuel Carver of Dartmouth, 3 Mar 1782.

Rovewell.
ND9:961, LM British schooner, captured 2 ships 24 Sep 1777.

Roxbury.
McMA:140, MA state sloop and storeship sent to the Kennebec in Maine in 1782.

Roxene.
NR:449, LCP:230/231, LM NH brigantine, 4 guns 16 men, Capt Richard Kitson/Kittson, Feb 1782 (Record 48).

Royal/Recole.
French vessel, mentioned in 1779 Siege of Savannah, GA.

Royal.
RM4:542, brig, Capt Lothrop, used to transport arms and ammunition, settlement being made by Robert Morris in Apr 1782.

Royal African.
Allen:269, MA privateer snow, 14 guns, Capt Miles Baker, captured and taken into Antigua before 22 Feb 1777.

Royal American.
ND8:818, privateer, 5 May 1777 attacked British Lonsdale, which got away.

Royal Bounty.
Capture:67-68, ND9:950, ND10:698, R78:40, British ship, Capt William Kerr, Greenland to Leith, taken Jul 1777 off Shetland Islands by the privateer, American Tartar, Capt John Grimes, then sent to Boston, there recaptured by British Diamond’s tender 11 Aug 1777 or 22 Sep 1777.

Royall Bounty.
NDll:148, 229, 801, 802, apparently a British cartel ship, Capt Thomas Compton, for moving prisoners, sent by Capt Colyer from Halifax with prisoners, seized by prisoners in Jan 1778 and taken into Marblehead, carried smallpox, condemned 27 Mar 1778.

Royal Briton.
C320, CTP:161, CT/NY ship, 10 guns, Capt William Van Deurson/Duerson, Mar 1775.

Royal Cedar.
Eller:470, apparent VA brig laden with James River tobacco, captured by HMS Charleston, Capt Evans, 7 Feb 1781.

Royal Charlotte.
ND1:1286, probably British brig, Capt John Nowls, arrived at Newport from Jamaica 23 Aug 1775.

Royal Charlotte.
R77:109, ND6:1261, ND7:1242, ND8:309, 969, British ship, Capt Ignatius Fenwick, London to Antigua, captured Feb 1777 by MA sloop Revenge, Capt Benjamin Dean, libeled and sold.

Royal Charlotte.
Paullin:430, British brig captured Spring 1779 by vessels of SC, including Notre Dame, Hornet, Eagle, while moving produce from West Indies to GA.

Royal Charlotte.
ND6:1261, American ship, said to have removed prisoners from other vessels, 14 Oct 1776.

Royal Covert/Loyal Convert.
ND6:1341, ND7:830, ND9:332, British gondola, Midshipman Ponsoby Cox, RN, or Lt Edward Longcroft, RN, captured by rebels at Quebec 21 Oct 1776, unarmed vessel for Lake Champlain 25 Jul 1777.DaviesXIV:187.

Royal Exchange.
ND2:1350, 1354, British ship, 126 tons, Capt Robert Davidson, Antigua to Roanoke, with sugar and rum, 27 Jul 1775, then to London with tar and turpentine.(This may be the same ship as next listed.)

Royal Exchange.
Mwhipple:69, 70, ND6:1396, Force:5:III:1530, British ship, master Lawrence Bowden, Grenada to London, 260 tons, captured by Columbus, Abraham Whipple, 1776, condemned 24 Feb 1777.ND7:116, 1020, purchased for Congress, name changed to Mifflin, Capt John Clark.Ford1776:939.

Royal Exchange.
ND6:600, British transport, Capt Ritchie, reported missing 21 June 1776.

Royal George.
ND6:1002, ND10:1205, Force:5:III:1530, McM:248, British brigantine, Capt Dennis Doyle, Waterford to Halifax, 130 tons, captured 15 Oct 1776, prize of MA Dolphin, Hannah, Molly, at Falmouth, ME, 1777.

Royal George.
ND3:154, sloop, probably British, near Nantucket Shoals, 15 Dec 1775.

Royal George.
ND8:998, Antiguan privateer schooner, Capt Mathew Moffat, captured 17 May 1777 by SC Rutledge.
ND11:129, this may be the schooner under Capt Benjamin Roberts which captured the John 27 Mar 1777.

Royal George.
Force:5:III:1530, McM:248, ND8:650, ND10:1206, British ship, 220 tons, Capt Peter Young, London to Venice/Constantinople, captured 25 Jan 1777 by the MA privateer sloop Satisfaction, to court 29 Apr 1777.C96.

Royal George.
Clark:I:111, British cutter, New York to the West Indies, captured in 1779 by the Pickering.

Royal George.
SchV:51, British warship, 100 guns, Rear-Admiral Kempenfelt, and Capt Waghorn,sunk by accident at Spithead in 1782, Admiral and most of crew perished.Volo:240.Syrett:93, took French Protee to Spithead 26 Mar 1776.

Royal George.
ND1:760, American vessel, captured by HMS Mercury 26 June 1775.

Royal George.
ND8:1055, R77:232, American ship from Bermuda, Capt Jeremiah Burrows, captured and sunk by British Phoenix 12 Jan 1777.

Royal Hunter.
ND1:792, American schooner boarded 9 June 1775 in or off NC shores by a Lt and 7 men from Capt (Francis?) Parry of the Cruiser.

Royal Irish.
C214, MA vessel, 43 tons, Capt Moulton, Oct 1778.

Royal Louis.
Allen:269, MA privateer sloop, 10 guns, 35 men, Capt John Moulton, 9 Oct 1778, owners Philip Moore and others of Boston; Capt John Willson, 18 Jan 1779 with 8 guns 20 men, owners William Shattuck and others of Boston.Mill:138, Kaminkow:233, taken 12 Nov 1778, crew sent to Mill Prison, 3 Jul 1779.C214.

Royal Louis.
JA10:55, French ship of the line, c 1780.Rice:I:180, said to be a three-decker warship at Brest, already disarmed in June 1783.

Royal Louis.
SchV:53, French privateer, 16 guns, 75 men, captured by Rear Admiral Digby’s squadron in 1781 in North America.

Royal Louis.
R81II:286, American privateer, 100 men, 15 guns from Salem, MA, taken in 1781 by British Portland, Vestal.

Royal Louis.
LCP:230/231, LM NH ship, 16 guns, 85 men, Capt Nathan Nichols, Apr 1781 (Record 39).

Royal Louis/Lewis.
Maclay:88, NR:449, LCP:230/231, LM PA ship of 22 guns, 200 men, Capt Stephen Decatur in action Jul 1781.R82I:238, this seems to be the privateer vessel of 188 men captured in 1781 by British Nymphe, Amphion.

Royal Oak.
ND8:746, ship, Capt Topley, probably British, sails for Newfoundland, 7 Apr 1777.

Royal Oak (HMS).
ND1:1323, ND2:1151, ND3:1406, ND4:1100, ND5:1368, ND6:447, ND7:717, ND8:727, ND10:1149, British warship, 74 guns, 174 men, Capt Joseph Deane, RN, and later Capt Jonathan Faulkner, RN, captured American James 26 Dec 1777.DaviesXVII:191, XIX:309, 870, XX:171, 174, HMS.JA8:372.Volo:266.Syrett(1989):111, 169, 219.

Royal Recole.
French vessel said to be at Savannah,, Sep 1779, but other records not found.

Royal Savage,
12 guns, 50 men, 70 tons. GWA:703, ND5:1282, ND6:1342, ND7:123, ND9:49, Smith:29-30, CTN:45, 150-152, C345, Smithsonian4651, Capt Jacobus Wynkoop, Aug 1776, Capt David Hawley, schooner in Lake Champlain fleet of 1776, damaged and ran aground on rocks off Valcure Island in action 12 Oct 1776, Capt John Fairweather, abandoned and burned by men from the British Maria.ND2:867, possibly the same vessel.Volo:211.Fowler:83, others.Silverstone:16, ex Brave Savage, run aground and burned 11 Oct 1776.Paullin:518.Chapelle:54, 113.Coggins:52, 53, 205.

Royal Scob.
Force:5:III:1524, American vessel, master Eber Merrick, Cape Nicola Mole to RI, captured in 1776 by British Orpheus, Daphne.

Ruby.
U:84-88, 183, sloop seized, admiralty case.

Ruby.
Allen:270, NR:449, LCP:232/233, one or more MA privateer ship/brigantines, 90 tons, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt John Babson, 12 Nov 1779,petitioners Ebenezer Land and Daniel Sargent; Benjamin Webber of Boston, 9 Apr 1781 (Record 437), owners John Babson and others of Newburyport; Capt Solomon Babson of Newburyport, 9 Aug 1781 and 16 Sep 1782 (Record 397 and 602).

Ruby.
Allen:170, MA privateer armed vessel, Capt Jonathan Nutting, Apr 1781.

Runfast.
R77:232, ND6:1395. D7:1047, 1072, 921, MA privateer schooner, Capt Nehemiah Somes, from Marblehead, captured in Jan 1777 by the British Preston.

Reomponce/Recompence.CTRec:606, CT privateer galley, 1 gun 12 Men, Capt. J. Wilkinson.

Run Fast.
ND6:1395, ND8:1056, schooner, Capt Nehemiah Somes, MA Navy, captured by Preston 27 Jan 1777.

Rusè.
Bouvet:46, French vessel which carried medical supplies to the U. S. 1781.

Russell.
Syrett(1989):10l, 142, 152, British vessel in North American waters.

Russia Merchant.
ND1:93, 1002, schooner, Capt Clarkson, carried message 18 Feb 1775 for Henry Laurens to son John in London.It was near Cape Cod, 28 Jul 1775.

Russia Merchant.
DaviesX:284, 882, XVI:413, 2613, ND3:341, 519, 521, ND4:1050, ND9:871, 883, Capt Joseph Sheet, British ordnance storeship, lost in some unlisted way, by 12 Oct 1780.

Ruth.
ND2:1359, ??? sloop, 30 tons, Capt James Greaves, probably American, Roanoke to Jamaica, 10 Aug 1775, with tar, fish, and livestock.

Ruth.
ND11:28, American sloop, captured by the St Vincent’s searcher of Customs, Mar 1777, condemned at St Vincents 14 Nov 1777.

Ruth.
C166, NH brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Jonathan Jewett, Aug 1780.

Rutledge.
ND6:1223, C286, PA privateer brig, 12 guns, 50 men, Capt James Smith, 11 Oct 1776.

Rutledge.
ND8:461, SC sloop, Capt Richard Minors, captured 30 Mar 1777 at Antigua in the West Indies.

Rutledge.
ND7:467, ND8:998, C215, SC privateer sloop, Capt Jacob Milligan/Mulligan, captures Endeavor, 18 May 1777.ND11:233, 393, Capt John Porter, captured British Pallas from Mobile, and an U/I schooner, 3 Oct 1777, probably processed in early 1778.

Rutledge/Rutlidge.
NR:450, LCP:232/233, LM MD sloop, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt John Earle, Sep 1778.

Rutledge.
Coggins:103, galley in SC Navy.R80I:69, captured at GA in 1779, re-named the Viper by the British.Silverstone:20, row galley.

AmUnitQRST, 8 Dec 2009.


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