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Granville Hough's Ship Listing J-K





AMERICAN MARITIME UNITS AND VESSELS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 1775-1783), (INCLUDING FRENCH AND SPANISH) (J - K)




by Granville W. Hough



-J/K-


In the following listings of vessels, boats were small open vessels propelled by oars or sails and included whaleboats, longboats, cutters, barges, flatboats, shallops, and similar vessels. They operated close to shore. Brigs and brigantines were two-masted vessels, most capable of transatlantic voyages. A brig could be rigged as a brigantine. Galleys were low, single-decked vessels propelled by oars or sails which were used for coastal and river defense. Schooners were small vessels of two or more masts rigged fore and aft, capable of carrying guns and fighting at sea. Sloops were small single-masted vessels rigged fore and aft. Pilot boats were light sloops required in harbors. Ships were ocean-going vessels of three or more masts, though large brigs or schooners were sometimes listed as ships. Ships used for prisons by the British and by the Americans were generally de-masted hulks. Prison ships are included as their records of prisoners are valuable.


Jack.
McM:476, British schooner, prize of NJ, 1782.

-----Jack.
Sloop hired as transport for Penobscot and lost there, 14 Aug 1779.

Jack.
Allen:121, C38, MA privateer from Salem, 14 guns, 75 men, Capt Nathan Brown in 14 Sep 1779, captured in Aug/Sep 1780 in the Saint Lawrence River and carried into Quebec, owner John ???.

Jack.
Mill:139, Kaminkow:227, ship taken Jul 1780, crew sent to Mill Prison 25 Dec 1780.Howe:427, this may be the privateer schooner in action in 1778.C7.

Jack.
Kaminkow:227, American vessel, captured Feb or Jun 1781, with crew members to British prison.Allen:189, NR:354, LCP:134/135(Record 626), LM MA privateer boat, 1 gun, 10 men, Capt Nathaniel Arnold of Salisbury, 14 Aug 1781 {captured June 1781 by British - date or facts must be wrong}.Owners Luke Webster and others of Newburyport.

Jack.
Paine:457, C7, Allen:189-190, shows a Jack in Aug 1781.LCP:134/135, Salem, MA, ship, 14 guns, 60 men, Capt David Ropes, 6 Sep 1781 (Record 207).On 29 June 1782, Capt Ropes was mortally wounded in an encounter with the British brigantine, Observer, 12 guns, 173 men, and 1st Lt William Gray had to give up the vessel.Owners were Norris and others of Salem.Crewmen listed in MAS.

Jack.
Eller:470, schooner, cargo sold, except salt, from St Eustatius, captured by the British Amphitrite, left in Elizabeth River under supervision of HMS Charon.

Jack/Jack of Salem.
Capture:42-43, Allen:189-190, NR:354, LM MA privateer ship from Salem, 15 guns, 58 men, commander David Ropes, captured 28 May 1782, near Halifax by the sloop of war Observer.She had formerly been a British ship from the Province of Quebec which had been captured by the French frigates L’Astrea and Hermionné.

Jackal.
Syrett:109, ordered to Margate 10 Jun 1779. SchV:43, British cutter, 14 guns, Capt J. Gibson, captured by the crew, when out of the Downs, and carried to France, 1780.

Jackal.
SchV:45, British armed ship, 20 guns, Capt G. Logie, captured in Spring, 1782 by the French in the West Indies.Most historians say she was captured by the Deane/Hague, and that the Jackal was the last British ship to surrender to a Continental Navy vessel.  RM5:355, Clark:I:year 1782, British HM schooner of 14 guns, Lt Logie/Logic, captured in Spring of 1782 by the Deane, Capt Samuel Nicholson.
RM9:819, she was condemned and sold at auction in 1783.Paullin:236.

-----Jackal.
NR:354, LCP:134/135, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 60 men, Capt William Macpherson, Jul 1779, Capt Samuel Baker, 4 Aug 1779, and Capt William Barton, 12 Aug 1779.

Jackal.
Allen:191, Paine:457, NR:355, LCP:134/135, LM MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 35/45 men, Capt Adam Wellman of Salem 31 May 1782 (Record 530) and Capt Thomas Holmes of Salem 22 Oct 1782 (Record 220).

Jack and Harry.
Allen:191, LCP:134/135, NR:355, LM MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Nathaniel Nowell/Howell of Newburyport, 12 Dec 1780 (Record 616).R81II:260, captured in 1781 by British.

Jackett.
C233, MD schooner, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Edward Parkinson, Jan 1781.

Jack O’Lantern.
C66, British privateer, 6 guns, 36 men, captured off the Pawtuxent River in Mar 1781 by MD privateer schooners Felicity, Antelope.

Jack O’Lanthorn.
Allen:191, MA privateer boat, 10 tons, small arms, 10 men, Capt and probably owner Edward Smith, Jr, 14, Sep 1782.

Jackson.
ND6:501, British ship, Capt Sharp, arrives at Limerick, 24 Jul 1776.

Jacob.
ND2:135, probably British vessel, Capt Cornell, ordered to sail as a whaler, 14 Sep 1775.

Jacob.
CTP:223, British pettiauger, Capt James Smith, captured Jun 1778 by CT schooner Suffolk.

Da Jaffrow Anna.
R80I:344, Dutch galliot, Capt Garben Ages, captured 1780.

Jager.
VanMaanen, Dutch advice yacht, Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier, 16 guns, 70 men, Capt Bloys, active 1782.

Jamaica.
NR:34.R77:407, ND10:977, ND11:133, 915, British armed ship, Capt David Watt, Jamaica to London, captured by Raleigh, 5 Oct 1777, taken into Port Louis, France, and sold..

Jamaica Packet.
Possibly ND4:180, R77:514, British vessel, Capt Humphreys, Grenada to London, 1777.

Jamaica Packet.
ND10:89, British brigantine, Capt John Blair, captured by Fair Play, libelled in MA Middle District, 9 Oct 1777.

-----Jamaica Packet.
ND2:1377, ND3:180, American brig, Capt Jonathan Ingersoll, with rum, sugar, and cotton, Jamaica to Salem, captured by British Mercury, Nov 1775.ND4:180, this may be the brig mentioned for mid 1776.

Jamaica Packet.
ND7:1171, Peabody:8, schooner owned by Elias H. Derby, captured by a British cruiser in 1776.

Jamaica Packet.
ND5:648, ND7:986, brigantine, Capt Benjamin Wickes, permit to go down Delaware River & Bay, May 1776.

James.
ND1:228, 353, 1369, 1379, ND3:1368, probably British brig, 50 tons, 8 men, Capt John Smith, Annapolis to Falmouth, then entered Baltimore from Cork 24 Apr 1775, and made non-British cargo declaration.

James.
ND1:82, 86, 108, 118, probably British ship, Capt Watson, departed for Jamaica, 1 Mar 1775.

James.
ND1:467. trading vessel, Capt Robinson, associated with tobacco broker, William Lee of London, May 1775.(It is not clear whether Lee’s vessels were considered British or American.)

James.
ND2:886, British packet, lost at sea, 4 Nov 1775.

James.
Force:5:III:1528, ND3:1228, ND4:1228, ND6:411, 418, transport schooner, Capt William Littledale, from Whitehaven, 200 tons, captured by HMS Asia off New York, 20 Jan, 1776, libeled in MA.(This does not sound accurate and the vessel is also shown captured by a privateer, 14 June 1776.)

James.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:609, ND7:1004, 733, Eller:271, British/Lancaster snow, Capt Isaac Higgins, Antigua to Lancaster, 220 tons, captured 1776 by MD privateer Enterprise, Capt James Campbell, but retaken by crew, 22 Sep 1776.

James.
R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Wilson, Jamaica to London, captured 1776.

James.
R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Edwards, captured 1776.

James.
McM:381, British snow, 1776 prize of MD, re-taken and sent to Bermuda.

James.
ND2:1347, 1349, 1360, ND7:291, ND8:303, 999, snow/sloop, 40 tons, Capt Alexander Gillies/Gillis, worked out of Roanoke, captured by HM sloop Ranger, recaptured by American Rover, 26 Nov 1776.

 James.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British brigantine, Capt Baker, captured by rebels, 28 Dec 1776.

James.
R77:407, ND9:625, British sloop, Capt Abraham Russell/Russel, from Glasgow, captured by General Mifflin, sunk, 9 Jul 1777.

James.
R77:514, ND10:1205, British brig, 100 tons, Capt Joseph Pierpoint, Tobago to Halifax, captured by Cutter, Terrible, 25 Nov 1777, libelled in MA Middle District.

-----James.
CC:M247, R71, #58, whaling sloop, 70 tons, Capt White, taken at Nantucket.ND2:1377, this may be the runaway sloop with whale oil, captured by British Swan.

James.
Capture:43, merchant schooner captured in East River above New York before 20 May 1776, by HMS Asia, Phoenix.

James.
ND3:1125, 1137, ND4:77, 1228-29, ND6:1124, American schooner, Capt John Howland, NY to American camp, captured 20 Jan 1776 by British Phoenix, Asia, converted to British pilot boat and tender.(This may be another version of the foregoing entry.)

James.
ND4:564, ND5:511, sloop, Capt Richard Puller/Priller, from New York to West Indies, permitted to sail, 29 Mar 1776.   Capture:43, merchant sloop, master Richard Priller, captured before 27 Apr 1776 by HMS Chatham, perhaps tried by 13 Jun 1776..

James.
ND6:1124, American ship captured by British Chatham, c 2 Oct 1776.

James.
ND6:1003, American sloop, Capt Thomas Barker, captured by British but recaptured by MA Rover, 1776.ND7:140, sloop, Capt Thomas Barker, manifest list of 14 Nov 1776, sloop sold in 1777.

James.
ND8:33, MA state schooner, Capt Amos Rider, sent to NC for food items, 5 Mar 1777.

James.
ND8:999, ND11:450, 454, American sloop, cargo of salt, to SC, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman, 19 May 1777.

James.
ND10:1149, American vessel, Capt Hopkins, captured by Royal Oak, 13 Oct 1777.

James.
Allen:191, MA privateer ship, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Samuel Gill, 12 Jan 1779, owners Isaac Sears and others of Boston.

James.
NR:355, LCP:134/135, LM MD schooner, 8 guns, 12 men, Capt John Hanson, Feb 1779.

James.
SCNavy:80, 83, SC ship, Capt Holroyd, apparently in the defense of Charleston, 1780.DaviesXIX:2636.

James.
NR:355, LCP:134/135, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt James Armitage, Jul 1780, Capt Hendrick Fisher, Jun 1781.

James.
NR:355, Paine:457, LM, Salem, MA ship, 11 guns, 25 men, Capt John Clarke, May 1781.

James.
Appeals Case 82, CT armed boat, Capt (Lt) William Thompson, taking part in raids on Long Island, Aug 1781 with Hawk, Eagle.

James.
NR:356, LCP:134/135, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt Samuel Williams, Jul 1782.

James.
Allen:191, NR:356, LM MA privateer brigantine, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Ebenezer Atwood of Cape Cod, 15 Jan 1783, owner Henry Mitchell of Boston.Some crewmen listed in MAS.

James Henry.
ND9:512, 514, fishing smack, Capt Joseph Fuller, 1777.

James & Betty.
ND11:407, British sloop, Capt Thomas G. Denwood, captured by American Mars, Capt Thomas Truxton, and libeled in MA Middle District Court, 23 Feb 1778.

James & Elizabeth.
R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Davidson, Leith to Lisbon, Dec 1776. ND7:786, British vessel, Capt Davidson, Leith to Lisbon, captured by American privateer and carried into some port in Spain, 1776.

James & John.
ND4:1004, 1175, American transport seized by British . Phoenix, 28 May 1775.

James & Thomas.
McM:427, British brig, prize of the Black Prince and Black Princess, Captains Pat Dowling and Edward Macatter of Morlaix, France, Dec 1779.

James and Rebecca.
Kaminkow:227, British vessel, American prize master, Capt. Wm Harding, re-captured Oct 1781.It had been captured by the Franklin, master John Turner, then recaptured by the British Endymion. C139, 318.

James & William.
ND1:363, ND2:1187, ND3:276, probably British transport, Lt Parry, at Boston from Portsmouth, 18 May 1775, lost at sea 4 Nov 1775.ND7:260 a similar transport was under Capt William Herbert in 1777.

James Richard.
Lewisohn:11, ND3:1085, in 1 Feb 1776 a NY sloop, Capt Pooler, bound for the Dutch West Indies for the New York Committee of Safety.

Jameson & Peggy.
ND10:89, British ship, Capt James Patterson, captured by General Washington, libelled in MA Middle District, 9 Oct 1777.

Jammy.
ND184-185, American schooner with lumber, Capt Z Rust, captured 5 June 1777 off Cape Sambro by British Syren.

Jan Gerard.
ND10:1037, Dutch or French vessel, Capt Ary Kunst, libeled before the French Admiralty Court at Maese.

Jane.
ND1:1373, probably British brig, 8 men, 80 tons, Annapolis to Cork 13 Jul 1775.

Jane.
ND2:1359,probably British schooner, Capt William Lilly, active 1775, Roanoke to St Christophers with corn, peas, beans, shingles, and livestock.

Jane.
ND4:172, British schooner, Capt John Mills, detained in Savannah Harbor, liberated 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley and Major Grant.

Jane.
ND1:1373, 1379, ND3:1368, probably British brig, 80 tons, 8 men, Capt Peter Templeton,Annapolis to Cork, then entered Baltimore from London 2 May 1775, making non-British declaration.

Jane.
ND4:1456, ND6:465, brig, Capt James Fulton, 120 tons, from Cork, formerly Minerva, captured by American Hancock, Capt Tucker, by 8 May 1776, when it was being used by General Benedict Arnold in Quebec Campaign. .
Force:5:III:1528, ND5:113, 465, 850, British brig, formerly the Minerva,  Capt James Foulton/Fulton, Cork to Boston, 130 tons.GWNavy:143, 144, 233, British brig captured 7 May 1776 by the Hancock, Capt Samuel Tucker.

Jane.
VANavy:154, S:45, British ship captured Nov 1776 or June 1777, by the VA brig Liberty, Capt Thomas Lilly, cargo of West Indies goods valued at 6,000 pounds.
R77:407, ND7:857, 910, 916, British ship, Capt David Wallace, London to Tortola, captured 27 Jan 1777 by American Liberty, sold to state of VA, 1777.

Jane.
R77:407, British vessel belonging to Jersey, captured 1777.

Jane.
ND9:206, British brigantine, Capt John Decaen, captured and libelled by American McClary, 2 Jul 1777.

Jane.
ND10:828, ship, probably British, at Cumberland 29 Dec 1777.

Jane.
Appeals:xxxxi, 162:6:48, FordXIV:669, MD case of the sloop vs David Fossett.The British armed vessel was captured and libeled by David Fossett and others of Worcester Co, MD, c 1778, appealed to Cont. Congress, May 1779.

Jane.
McM:31, CTP:214, British sloop, Capt Ebenezer Brown, prize of CT schooner Sampson, 10 Jan 1778.

Jane.
JA6:230, Irish barque, 1778.

Jane.
CTP:220, 221, British sloop, Capt John McEntire, captured 5 June 1778 by the CT schooner Suffolk, and libeled in New Haven, 6 Jul 1778.
C86.

Jane.
ND10:1208, British sloop, Capt Avery, 70 tons, West Indies to Nova Scotia, taken by Neptune, 23 Aug 1780.

Jane.
McM:208, British brig, contested prize of MA, Mar 1783.

----- Jane.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:923, possibly the RI Navy privateer, captured by British Diamond and renamed Oliver Cromwell.British ship, Capt William Roome, Jamaica/Dominica to Bristol, 220 tons, 1776. R76II:267, ND5:360, ND7:166, 447, RI privateer ship, Capts William Room, William Chace, Thomas Stacy, capture by British Diamond, 1776.  ND6:360, American ship, Capt Thomas Stacy, captured by British Diamond, 30 Aug 1776.

Jane.
ND7:92, 625, 845, VA sloop, Capt Booker, moving powder and salt from St Eustatia to Virginia, 1776 and 2 Jan 1777.

Jane.  ND3:1239, ND4:1230-31, American schooner, Capt William Mills, RI to Savannah, captured 12 Jan 1776 at Augustine Creek near Sunbury by British Raven, possibly libelled or tried 9 Feb 1776.   

Jane.
ND8:82-83, American schooner, Capt John Monlose, captured by British Hind  14 Jan 1777.

Jane.
Paullin:407, VA ship captured by British Liberty, Spring, 1777.

Jane.
DaviesXIII:71, U. S. ship, Capt William Cox, c 1777/78.

Jane.
ND10:427, American transport, returns to Rhode Island Harbor 7 Nov 1777.

Jane.
ND11:739, New England schooner, Capt White, privateer in West Indies, returns to New London 13 Mar 1778.

Jane.
NR:356, LCP:134/135, LM PA ship, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt William Willis, Jan 1780.

Jane.
NR:356, LCP:134/135, LM MD sloop, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Martin Parkison, May 1780.Ford1779:669.

Jane.
NR:356, LCP:134/135, LM PA sloop, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Samuel Young, Jun 1781 (Record 884), Capt Jacob De Hart, Oct 1781.

Jane.
Appeals Cases, R15, brigantine, Capt Amos Potter.

Jane and Ann.
ND8:796, ship, probably American, active in Boston 12 June 1777.

Jane Chase, 26 guns.Greenwood:xxiv, privateer with Commodore Esek Hopkins in RI in 1776.C76, this may be the Jane, RI ship, 20 guns, Capt William Cox, Dec 1776.

Janet.
R77:407, British vessel belonging to Irvine, 1777.ND9:562, ship captured by American Tartar, 11 Aug 1777.

Janet.
ND8:57, American brigantine, sunk as Hudson River obstruction, 1776/77.

Janey.
Kaminkow:227, C264, MA vessel, Capt George Rolls, captured by British, with Capt Rolls into Mill Prison 19 Aug 1778, but he escaped.Dandridge:170, American LM under Capt Rollo/Rolls captured Sep 1779, and 2 of its crew to Mill Prison, 1 escaped.(appears to be same vessel and Captain, with error by Dandridge.)Buel:320, mentions a brigantine Janney from Beverly.

Janny & Polly.
ND3:1368, probably American ship, Capt Daniel Lawrence, entered Baltimore from Bristol 15 May 1775.

Jan Gerard.
ND10:1034, 1037, Dutch ship, Capt Ary Kunst, trial held 26 Nov 1777.

Janus.
Mc:198, British ship captured in Apr 1779 by the Continental  Warren, Capt John B. Hopkins.

-----Janus.
Allen:191, LCP:134/135, MA privateer ship, 11 guns, 25 men, Capt John Clark, 14 May 1781 (Record 459).Capture:43, armed ship, 12 carriage guns, four pounders, captured 10 Oct 1782 off Cape Cod.(ThisShip is also listed as the James.)

Jason.McM:458, Mc:207, 346, British sloop, captured by American brig Lexington, Capt Henry Johnson, probably sent to Morlaix, France, Jun 1777.

Jason.
R77:407, DaviesXIII:996, ND9:422-23, 630, British sloop, Capt Joseph Hutchinson, Whitehaven to Petersburgh, 20 June 1777, captured by American Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin.

Jason/Janus. ND6:452, McMA:91, DaviesXVI:673, 1062, HMS armed escort ship, Capt Porterfield, captured in 1779 by the Ranger and Warren. Mc:363, British escort ship, captured Apr 1779 by the American Ranger, Capt Thomas Simpson, sent to Portsmouth, NH.MC:295, shows the Jason was a joint Continental prize (three privateers), which was purchased and became a privateer of Boston.FordXIV:512, Marine Committee of Cont. Congress to purchase the vessel, lately captured, Apr 1779.JA8:28, 10:62.DaviesXVI:673, 1062, XIX:2122, 2456.Volo:130, 264.

-----Le Jason.
R77:232, ND7:1266, ND8:1054, American brig, Capt Bayonne, from Martinique, captured in 3 Feb 1777 by British Brune.(This seems to conflict with the next entry.)

Jason.
ND10:849-52, ship, Capt Jean Baptiste Cabarrus, captured by British Brune, 9 Oct 1777.

Jason.
ND11:770, Dutch Navy frigate, 36 guns, arrived at St Eustatia in Mar 1778.VanMaanen, built in 1770, 36 guns, 270 men, Capt S. Story, Admiralty of the Maze, active 1782.(See next entry for possible re-assignment of the same vessel.)

Jason.
VanMaanen, Dutch warship, built 1772, 36 guns, 230 men, Capt Sels, Admiralty of Amsterdam, active, 1782.

Jason.
JA8:359, 360, Comm:226-230, 230-233, French ship of the line, 64/74 guns, under construction in 1778.In de Ternay’s fleet in 1780 and 1781, with crew listings.It was at Chesapeake Bay in Sep 1781, then served in the West Indies under de Grasse until lost at Les Saintes in April 1782.SchV:59, NavChronII:98, French warship, 64 guns, 600 men, captured in 1782 in the Mona Passage by British Capt Goodall of the Valiant, under Rear Admiral S. Hood.

Jason.
Maclay:193-204, Mill:138, SchV:54, Paine:457, NR:357, LCP:134/135, Neeser:184, LM ship of 20 guns and 100 men taken 30 Sep 1779, part of crew sent to Mill Prison, 16 Dec 1779.Owners were Mungo MacKay and others of Boston.Greenwood:110-115, Allen191, captured British ship used by Capt John Manley in 1779 until he was captured on it by a British frigate of 28 guns and 230 men, Sep 1779.The ship was reused by the British in the West Indies until it was captured by the Marblehead privateer ship Thorn, Capt Samuel Tucker, in 1781.Cog:30-37, 40-43, possibly the vessel discussed.Volo:169.

Jason.
Howe:428, Allen:193, NR:357, LCP:134/135, LM MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 25 men, in operation 8 Jun 1780 under Capt Simon Forrester of Salem, owners Bartholomew Putnam and others of Salem, and 20 Oct 1780 under Capt Thomas Dissmore of Boston (Record 296).MAS, crewmen listed.

Jason.
Kaminkow:227, Allen:193, C135, MA or CT ship of 16 guns, 30 Mar 1781, Capt Charles Hambleton/Hamilton and crew of 76 (Record 495), captured Oct 1781 by the privateer Monsieur.
C12, American vessel captured 1781, some not sent to prison, 22 Oct 1781.

Jason.
NR:357, CTP:135, 136, LCP:134/135, NLHS:I:IV:29, LM CT brigantine, 10 guns, 25 men, CT state Capt Samuel Stillman, Nov 1780 (Record 787), Capt Moses Tryon, Jun 1781.

Jason.
R81I:300, French naval vessel, foundered with total crew loss, 1781.

Jasper.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Cuthbut, London to New York with stores, 1777.

Jassans.
British sloop from White Haven captured by American Reprisal, Capt Lambert Wickes, 19 June 1777.

Jay.
Maclay:136-137, NR:357, LCP:134/135, Appeals Case 63, PA schooner/ship of 18 guns and 100 men, Capt Harman Courter, Aug 1779,captured one brig Pitt in Oct 1779.Dann:15, apparently in operation in 1781.

Jay.
McM:97, CT sloop, 1781.

Jay.
NR:358, CTP:136169, LCP:134/135, NLHS:I:IV:29, LM CT brigantine, 12/14 guns, 70/80 men, Capt William Havens in Feb and Sep 1781 (Record 808), took two prizes.NLHS:I:IV:7, shows for 1777 a CT privateer vessel named Jay, Capt Nicoll Fosdick.

Jay, Hawk, and Viper.
NR:358, CTP:119, 137, LCP:134/135, LM three separate CT boats, 1 gun, 10 men each, Capt Isaac Jones, May 1782 (Record 813).CTRec:605 NLHS:I:IV:29, shows Capt. E. Jones of the Jay.

Jean.
ND1:1387, probably British ship, Capt John Ritchie, 10 Jan 1775, James River to Glasgow/Whitehaven with tobacco, pork, and staves.

Jean.
ND1:1246, probably British sloop, Capt Bascombe, British, permit to sail to Kingston, Jamaica, 28 Aug 1775.

Jean.
ND2:24-25, sloop, Capt McAdam, requesting to depart from New York, Sep 1775, allegiance not stated.

Jean.
ND11:93, ND10:732, British ship, Capt Spyers, from Guinea to Jamaica, in Dec 1777 was engaged with the American privateer, Fly, Capt Mansfield, and lost 7 men.Capt Mansfield lost 12 men, and had 18 wounded, and his own right arm was shot off. Both vessels got safely to ports.

Jean.
RM5:325, a vessel used by Beaumarchais in Oct 1781 which foundered at sea.

Le Jean André.
ND11:621, 836, French ship, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Guillaume Couronnet, captured by British St Albans, 12 Mar 1778.

Jean Bart. SchV:61, French privateer, 20 guns, 160 men, captured in 1779 in the Channel by the Delight, Capt J. Douglas.

Le Jean Henrietta.
SchV:61, NavChronI:474, French armed merchantman, 2 guns 30 men, 160 tons, captured in 1779 by the squadron under Admiral Hyde Parker, in the West Indies.

Jeanie.
ND1:1390, probably British brigantine, Capt John Kirkwood, 24 June 1775, James River to Glasgow with tobacco and staves.ND2:1345, 1352, 1353, this may be the brig, Capt John Heastie, active 1774-1775, out of Roanoke.

Jeanie.
Capture:45-46, British snow loaded with turpentine captured by the privateer Porgas under Capt Armstrong, then later recaptured in Yarmough by the British in Sep, year not stated, then finally captured by a privateer schooner, Capt Jesse O’Brien, who took all the turpentine

Jeany.
ND6:600, British Army transport, Capt Muir, reported missing 16 Sep 1776.

Jean Louis.
R80I:354, French ship from Marseilles, captured Dec 1779.

Jefferson.
Coggins:102, Paullin:407, 411, Dandridge:186, brig in VA Navy, 14 guns, Capt Richard Barron, 1779, sent to Chesapeake Bay, May 1780.VANavy:154, 174, Davies XX:143, Capt Willis Wilson? sank it near Jamestown in Jan 1781.GMB:35, mentioned as repairable in May 1781 for defense of Hampton, VA.Silverstone:20, VA brig.

Jeffroy Esther.
R80I:358, apparently a Dutch schooner, Capt John Van Linnop, from Aux Cayis, captured 1779.

Jemmy and Sallie. ND10:400, 469, Paullin:430, British schooner, Capt Robert Sargent, captured by Notre Dame, Oct 1777, processed probably 5 Nov 1777.

Jenifer.
Augur:174, 248, ND7:671, ND8:674, 721, 792, Cont. Packet and privateer schooner, Capt Larkin Hammond, grounded on bar, 25 Apr 1777.C136 shows MD navy schooner, 10 guns, 10 swivels, 60 men, Capt Larkin Hammond, Nov 1776.

Jenny.
ND1:243, probable British vessel, Capt Welch, Liverpool to Norfolk (York River), arrived 28 Apr 1775.ND5:10, possibly the vessel mentioned, mid 1776.

Jenny.
ND1:1392, probably British ship, Capt Robert Kerr, 24 June 1775, James River to Glasgow with tobacco and staves.

Jenny.
ND1:353, 1370, 1380, ND3:385, probably British snow, 60 tons, 7 men, Capt William McNeely, 24 May 1775, Annapolis to Cork with flour and staves, and making non-British cargo declaration. Force:5:III:1528, 1527, ND6:1162, 1215, 1239, ND7:113, British snow/transport, Capt William McNeil/McNeilly/McNelly, Barbadoes to Belfast, 120 tons, taken by American Sally and retaken by British Cerberus, 1776.

Jenny.
ND6:101, 1194, British ship, Capt John McNeil, captured in 1776 by American Hancock.Possibly ND4:117.

Jenny.
ND7:373, British transport, ordered to deliver prisoners 3 Dec 1776.

Jenny.
ND2:765, ND3:1185, ND4:1175, ND5:470, MK:283, Force:5:III:1528, ND7:137, British transport ship, 400/450 tons, Capt William Foster, from London, captured by the Continental Lee, Capt John Manley, 9 Dec 1775 and sent to Beverly, MA.ND5:10, to be sold at auction May 1776.   Howe:330fn, prize British ship, 350 tons, sold at auction in Beverly, May 1776.GWNavy:222, 231, this may be the prize merchant ship, Jenny, 400 tons, captured 8 Dec 1775 by Capt John Manley.

Jenny.
ND3:1247, ND4:18, 280, 534, probably a British snow, Capt William Wood, active mid-1776, British vessel, Capt William Wood, Falmouth to Quebec, taken and retaken, 1777.Force:5:III:1528, DaviesX:320, 1715, ND3:952, 1247, British transport, Capt William Wood, from Whitehaven, 240 tons, captured 1776, by Boston privateers Revenge and General Ward.

Jenny.
Force:5:III:1528, Hearn:220, ND6:1472, ND7:274, 791, British snow/ship, Capt William Cummins/Cummings, headed to St Andero, 120 tons, captured at Newfoundland, by True American, 1776.ND6:1395, 1472, shows the American vessel as Free American.

Jenny.
McM:486, British snow, prize of RI, 1776.

 Jenny.
ND8:574-575, ship, Capt Duncan, probably British, arrives from Antigua, 1 Feb 1777.

Jenny.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Russel, captured on the Banks of Newfoundland, 1777.

Jenny.
McPA:348, ND8:632, ND9:632, ND10:477, 664, British sloop, Capt Peter Scott, captured in English channel by PA Mars, 7 Sep 1777, libelled in MA Middle District, and brought to Boston in Jan 1778.

Jenny.
McM:126, British sloop, prize of MA, 1778.

Jenny.
CTP:112, British sloop, 20 tons, Capt Benjamin Parramore, captured 5 Oct 1778, by the CT sloop Harlequin.

Jenny.
British ship, captured near Newfoundland Banks by American General Gates, Hawk, in summer, 1778.

Jenny.
CTP:218, British schooner, captured 7 Jun 1779 by CT sloop Snake.
C258.

Jenny.
ND10:1207, British brig, Capt Atwood, 90 tons, Halifax, whaler, taken by Fame, trial 24 Aug 1779.

Jenny.
CTP:55, British brig, Capt James Duncanson, from New York, captured Sep 1779 by CT sloop Beaver, Capt William Havens.

Jenny.
NLHS:I:IV:16, British ship, 400 tons, Whitby, England, to New York, Capt Hambleton, 15 May 1780, captured by the CT privateers Young Cromwell, Hawk, Sally.  Volo:175.

Jenny.
CTP:67, British brig, Jamaica to England, 12 guns, 33 men, rum and sugar, captured 2 Jul 1781 by CT brigantine Deane.

Jenny.
CTP:190, British sloop, captured c 4 Feb 1781 by CT Rattlesnake, Viper, Saratoga.

Jenny.
R81II:287, British brig captured by Americans, then recaptured by British, 1781.

-----Jenny.
ND3:1370, ND4:13, 91, American schooner, Capt Jesse Harding, Falmouth to MD, arrived in Baltimore safely, Feb 1776, and made non-British cargo declaration.

Jenny.
ND7:856, ship purchased for VA Navy, 3 Jan 1777.

Jenny.
ND5:10, American vessel found unfit for service 9 May 1776.

Jenny.
Force:5:III:1525, American vessel run on shore, captured in 1776 by British Otter.

Jenny.
VANavy:152, privateer boat rigged out at public expense, captured in Jun 1777.

Jenny/Jemmy.
ND8:1058, R77:233, American ship, Capt John Lippitt, from Demarara, British Guiana, captured by British Thames, Apr 1777.

Jenny.
ND9:216, 285, 295, American sloop, Capt Robert Tuille, captured by British Delaware, Stanley, July 1777.

Jenny. ND9:355,  American schooner, Capt Andrew Pinsale, captured 31 Jul 1777 by British Juno.

Jenny.
VANavy:152, ND9:194, ND10:508, 510, ND11:891, 924, American privateer schooner/boat, Capt George Ralls, fitted out at St. Eustatius, seized a British ship as it left the harbor there, then was captured along with the prize in June 1777 by the Seaford, Capt John Colpoys, condemned at Antigua 25 June 1777.

Jenny.
ND10:477, American sloop, Capt Peter Scott, captured by British Mars 13 Nov 1777.

Jenny.
McMA:156, American sloop, Capt Hill of Boston, captured by British, but recaptured in May 1778 by MA privateer Scorpion.

Jenny.
McM:126, MA sloop, 1778 (prize).

Jenny.
CTP:115, sloop thought to be British, but actually American, captured 6 Jul 1778 near Montauk Point by the CT schooner Hawk.

Jenny.
CTP:137, C132,CT privateer armed boat, Capt Daniel Hale, took the British sloop Little William in Nov 1780.

Jenny.
McM:96, Jamaica brig, prize of CT, 1781.

Jenny.
Eller:470, apparently VA brigantine, laden with James River tobacco, captured 7 Feb 1781 by HMS Charleston, Capt Evans.

Jenny.
R82II:274, American vessel captured by British and sold at Bermuda in 1782.

Jenny and Betty.
ND10:890, brig, Capt Mark Workman, captured by Bellona, then recaptured by Champion 8 Oct 1777.

Jenny and Peggy.
Mc:208, 347, ND9:481, R77:407, British brig, Capt William Howe, Whitehaven to Ireland,captured by Americans Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, 20 Jun 1777 and sunk.

Jenny & Polly.
ND1:353, 1380, probably American ship, 100 tons, 11 men, Capt Daniel Lawrence,13 May 1775, from Bristol to Baltimore in ballast, made non-British cargo declaration.

Jenny & Polly.  ND1:1371, ND3:1368, ND2:181, 1309, British ship, probably 100 tons, 12 men, Capt Thomas Johnson, cleared Annapolis, MD, 1 Jun 1775 for Bristol, England with wheat, flour, and staves.No word on return 6 Dec 1775.

Jenny and Sally.
Mc:208, 347, R77:407, ND9:481, British brig, Capt William Drummond, Glasgow to Norway, captured 22 Jun 1777 by the Lexington, Capt Henry Johnson, and renamed the Two Sisters.
(Capt Lambert Wickes of the Reprisal also credited with this capture.)

Jeremiah.
ND10:679, British schooner, Capt Elias Lay, captured by Americans but recaptured by Maidstone, 7 Dec 1777.

Jersey/Hell.
ND2:757, ND3:406, British 60 gun ship, Capt William Anthony Halsted,rumored to become a hospital ship in Oct 1775, assigned to Boston 1 Dec 1775, possibly the forerunner of the prison ship.ND4:1093, ND5:1358, ND6:1423, ND7:1124, ND9:32, sailed to North America 4 May 1776, stationed in America 1 June 1776, with Howe’s fleet 15 Jan 1777.CTN:171, Dandridge:293, 295, 307, 308, 492, 494, Smith:257, 260, ND11:38, 554, 1105, H:214-215, British hulk used as a prison ship in New York harbor, commanders Capt William Halstead, Capt David Laird, and Capt John Sporne where 7000 persons perished.It was aground in mud and sewage and housed an average of 1000 prisoners, mostly mariners, but included French and Spanish and a few women in 1781.All prisoners were released 9 Apr 1783.Total deaths of American prisoners in New York prisons, 11,644. Ford1781:517, 787, Ford1782:733.Cog:many, Coggins:73, covered nearly all aspects of prison life and death on this hulk.DaviesXII:245, XV:65.Fowler:299, 300, Capt Grimes.

Jersey.
CTP:95, 224, 225, 228, British sloop, flag of truce, 45 tons, Capt Thomas Kilby, illicit trade, captured 17 Aug 1782, by CT armed schooner Success.
C108.

-----Jersey.
ND1:866, ND2:757, probably American vessel, reports of British soldiers captured, 11 Jul 1775.

Jersey, 3 guns, 45 men.GWA:703, ND6:1276, ND7:955, ND8:986, ND9:332, ND10:140, Coggins:205, Smithsonian4651, gondola in Lake Champlain campaign, Capts Grimes, David Stowe, 13 Oct 1776, captured there, though there is an entry for 17 May 1777 and another for 25 Jul 1777 as a British vessel.Volo:211.Fowler:204, 209.Silverstone:17. Paullin:518.Chapelle:111, 112.Coggins:205.

Jersey.
McM:71, CT sloop, in 1782 transported prisoners for exchange.

Jesús & José.
A2:IX:37, Spanish schooner in New Orleans c 1779.

Jesús Maria & José.
C&C:92, 95, Spanish galley transport shop, 8 guns, 19 men, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.(There may have been two galleys of this name.)
Jesús Nazareno.
C&C:95, Spanish sloop used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.

Jeton.
Appeals Case 96, Dutch vessel operating out of Curaçao, 1782, Capt Joachim Parle.

La Jeune Babe.
McPA:316/317, bateau with French papers belonging to Stephen Girard, from Capt François to Philadelphia in 1776.

L’Jeune Bale.
ND11:448, Philadelphia sloop, loaded with flour and corn and lumber, captured by British Racehorse, Capt William Jones, Jan/Feb 1778.

Jeune Dunkerquiose.
Malo:953 fn, French privateer, 14 guns 60 men, at Dunkirk, 1780.

Jeune Fendant.
NR:358, LCP:136/137, LM MD schooner, 8 guns, 12 men, Capt Thomas Gibbons, Apr 1780.

Jeune François.
R80I:350,French merchant snow, captured 1779 by British near Newfoundland.

Jeune Hébrè.
ND11:839, Buel:298, French ship from Nantes captured in St Pierre Channel by British privateer, 7 Aug 1777, taken to Antigua, 30 Mar 1778.

Jeune Mercure.
Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.

Jeune Nannett.
ND10:1164, French schooner captured by British Porcupine, 31 Dec 1777.

Jeune Pauline.
GM, apparently a French transport ship for troops in the West Indies.

Jim.
ND1:1375, probably British ship, 12 men, 130 tons, Capt Elias Hocker, Annapolis from London, 15 Dec 1775.

Joanna.
ND10:804, British Brigantine, Capt Richard Shea, captured in 1777 by True American.

-----Joanna.
NR:358, LCP:136/137, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt William Tanner, May 1781, Capt Silas Foster, Aug 1781 (Record 903).

Job.
ND1:799, VA merchant trader to London, Capt Gibson, Jul 1775.

Job.
Smith:207, McMA:96, transport sloop, Capt Jonathan Sprague, used in the Penobscot Expedition, 1779.

Johanna/Joanna.
R78:39, ND10:804, British brigantine, Capt Richard Shea, Newfoundland to a market, 25 Dec 1777, captured by True American, libelled in MA Middle District.

Johanna Maria.
NR:359, LCP:136/137, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 16 men, Capt Thomas Periam, Apr 1781.

Johannes.
Peabody:???, Swedish brig, Lisbon to Plymouth, England, with rum and bread, boarded 5 Sep 1782 by the MA privateer, Grand Turk, and ordered to the United States.

John.
ND1:1362, probably British ship, 140 tons, 10 men, Capt Charles Evans, 24 Dec 1774, Annapolis to Belfast with wheat, flour, and staves.

John.
Paullin:169, British brig, 20 tons, captured by Americans, 27 Apr 1775.

John.
ND1:1393, probably British ship, Capt George Taylor, active 31 Jul 1775, James River to Liverpoole with tobacco, oak plank and staves.

John.
ND1:60, probably British sloop, Capt David Fenton, ordered to be intercepted, 2 May 1775.

John.
ND2:1350, 1359, probably British schooner, Capt Ambrose James, active 12 Jul 1775, out of Roanoke in West Indies trade.

John.
Emmons:42/43, ND6:1302, British schooner captured by the American Providence, John Paul Jones.

John.
Emmons:42/43, British ship captured by the American Providence, Capt H. Hacker.

John.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Barrow, London to Antigua, captured 1776.M:120, this may have the bark John, Master William Barras, captured by the MA Tyrannicide and sent to Salem  

John.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Glover, captured at Newfoundland, 1776.

John.
Force:5:III:1529, British vessel, Capt Allison, Chaleur to Alicant, 200 tons, 1776.

John.
R76III:315, ND6:1102, 1305, ND7:75, 241, McM:1, Mc:129, ND7:1316, CTP:280, CTN:45, 48, British schooner/brig/ship, Capt James Dunbar, Jamaica to London, captured 13 Dec 1776, by CT Navy (new) Defence, Capt Seth Harding, sold in 1776.NLHS:I:IV:37, this is likely the Guineaman of 300 tons on the way home, Sep 1776.

John.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, St Croix to Guernsey, 70 tons, captured 1776.

John.
ND6:746, 1125, 831, Capture:43-44, British ship, Capt John Hunter, captured 30 Aug 1776 by American schooner Independence, Capt John Gill, recaptured by British Milford, 8 Sep 1776. 

John.
CTP:62, Force:5:III:1528, ND6:347, 789, ND7:1119, 1189, ND8:3, C223, British brig, Capt Daniel McKay/McRay, Granada to Dublin with rum, captured c Aug 1776 or 1 Mar 1777, by CT sloop Broome, Capt William Nott, condemned and sold.

John.
ND4:960, ND6:1018, British transport, 300 tons, reported missing 26 Sep 1776.

John.
ND7:166, 642, British brigantine, Capt John Ahiers, captured c 1776 by Montgomery, Yankee Ranger.

John.
Mc:216, British schooner captured and burned, Sep 1776.ND8:731, 781, shows a brig, Capt Walker, captured and burned 18 Apr 1777, by American Freedom.

John.
CTP:256, British vessel, 96 tons, Capt John Warner, captured in summer and spring by Fairfield County privateers.

John.
ND7:637, 568, British snow, captured 31 Dec 1776 by Civil Usage, Ranger, Hancock, sold, 1777.

John.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:809, British brig, Capt Wallace, Grenada to London, 120 tons, captured, 1776.

John.
ND7:689, probably a British vessel, Capt Alexander Simes, active, gave supplies to other vessels while at sea, 14 Oct 1776.

John.
Force:5:III:1529, ND7:1007, ND8:703, 56, 83-83, 687, Morison:81, Mc:218, 365, Force:5:III:1527, Rider:101, 102, British LM ship, Capt Edward/John Watkins, and an American prize Capt Robert Sanders, Liverpool to Halifax, captured Nov 1776 by American Alfred, 1st Lt John Paul Jones, but the prize was retaken by the British, recaptured by the British Milford 21 Jan 1777.

John.
M:96, McMA44, ND8:569, 818, 977, British bark, Capt William Barrass, captured in the Antilles in 1776 by MA Tyrannicide, bought by MA Board of War, renamed Adams 16 May 1777.

John.
Force:5:III:1528, ND8:638, British transport, Capt John Hunter, from London to Halifax, 230 tons, taken by Americans and retaken by British Milford,5 Mar 1777.ND7:262, part of Parker’s convoy 23 Nov 1776.Another transport named John was also part of this convoy.

 John.
ND8:871, British ship, Capt John McCartin, engaged the American Rattlesnake, 27 May 1777.

John.
ND10:23, British sloop, Capt Remembrance Simons, captured by the CT Charming Sally, libelled in CT court, 1777.

John.
ND10:1204, British brig, Capt Wallis, 100 tons, Liverpool to Halifax, tried 12 Nov 1776. ND10:1204, Capt Wallis, c 1777.(In ND7:642, this captain may be shown as Wallace.)A brig is shown captured by Yankee Ranger, Montgomery, 20 Apr 1776.

John.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Wilkie, Glasgow to St Ubes, restored, 1777.

John.
R78:39, ND10:400, ND11:1060, M:353,British brig merchant vessel, Capt Thomas Calannan/Casaman, Mississippi to London, taken by the SC privateer, Notre Dame, Capt Seymour, Oct 1777 or 5 Nov 1777 & retaken by a British armed brig, and taken into St Johns River, GA, late 1777 or Mar 1778.JA8:28-29, possibly the brig involved.Paullin:430.

John.
ND8:83,ND11:126, British sloop, first captured by Americans who put it under Capt John Cockran, then it was recaptured by British Seaford, Capt John Colpoys, 14 Mar 1777.

John.
Paullin:430, British schooner captured in 1777 by SC vessel.

John.
M:390, British snow, bound for Antigua with clothing and provisions, was captured by the American Mosquito,Feb 1777, but managed to escape.  VANavy:154, British snow captured in 1776/77 by the VA brig Mosquito.

John.
R77:108, British vessel, Capt Walker, Ireland to Antigua, captured 1777.

John.
NJNavy:212, R78:39,ND11:55, 230, British transport brig, captured in Delaware River by NJ militia, Jan 1778, prize of the 1st Burlington Regt of NJ, Capt Robert Quigley.

John.
Appeals:xxxxi, 162:8:70 and 162:8:69, the schooner vs Anthony and McClure.

John.
ND10:354, 415, British schooner, Capt John Willis, captured by Cutter, Terrible, and libelled in MA Middle District, 30 Oct 1777.

John.
ND10:869, brig, Capt S. Wood, sent to Bilboa with supplies 4 Oct 1777.

John.
Mc:363, British brig captured Apr 1779 by several American vessels, including the Warren under Capt John B. Hopkins.

John.
ND10:1207, British schooner, Capt Foot, 70 tons, Halifax to St. Eustatius, taken by Terrible, trial 6 Jul 1779.

John.
CTP:73, C69, British vessel, Capt Mathias Wessels, captured May 1779 by CT sloop Eagle.
NLHS:I:IV:33, this was possibly the sloop of 30 tons sold at auction in New London in June 1779

John.
McM:438, British sloop, ransomed by the Black Prince of Dunkirk, 1779.

John.
Paulin:169, British Navy brig, 16 guns 100 men, captured Spring, 1779, by the Queen of France.

John.
McM:433, British brig, prize ransomed by the Black Princess of Dunkirk, 1780.

John.
Kaminkow:227, Capt Don McNiven, British ship taken by American ship Pilgrim, then recaptured before Dec 1780 by the British Grantham Packet.C205.

John.
Mc:152, British brig captured Feb 1781 by several MA vessels.RM9:781, shown as a prize to the Hague, sold in St Pierre, Martinique, by Joseph Diant.

John.
Capture:43, British brig captured by Americans, then recaptured by the British 6 Sep 1781 near Cape Porpoise by British sloop Howe, schooner Buckram.The people on board escaped to the shore in a boat.Kaminkow:227, this is possibly the vessel shown captured in May 1781.

John.
Sands:202, British horse transport, a sloop of 107 tons, Capt Edward Welchford, in VA 17 Aug 1781 and presumably still there in the Battle of Yorktown.Her fate is not known.

John.
CTN:171, 173, Coggins:82, Dandridge:311, 317, H:241, British hulk used as prison ship in New York Harbor.Time of use may have been 1783.

-----John.
ND1:823, 1103, ND2:1373, American brig, Capt Hugh Kennedy, from Suffolk, boarded by HMS Fowey, cargo of pork confiscated and paid for, ship unloaded and released, Jul 1775.

John.
DaviesVII:203, ND1:60, American vessel, Capt David Fenton, left the Netherlands, Nov 1774, suspected of carrying arms and ammunition to America; and he was to be intercepted by any British war vessel, as ordered by British Capt Graves.

John.
ND1:1373, 1381, ND3:1368, probably American brig, 145 tons, 10 men, Capt John Mauger,Annapolis to Liverpool, then entered Baltimore from Liverpool 7 Jun 1775, and made non-British cargo declaration.

John.
U:160, sloop in admiralty case.

John.
ND3:1264, American ship, manifest of 13 Feb 1776.

John.
ND1:749, 1374, 1382, ND3:1369, probably American ship, 140 tons, 11 men, Capt Charles Poaug, Annapolis to Milford, then entered Baltimore from Belfast 3 Jul 1775, where he was shown making a non-British cargo declaration.Christopher Poaug is also shown as Captain.

John.
ND1:217, brig, Capt John Ashmead, at Barbados during the Battle of Lexington, was to go to Philadelphia, Barbados, and Carlisle Bay, 24 Apr 1775.

John/St. John.
ND3:280, probably American brigantine, Capt Charles Forest, active 1775.

John.
ND1:1385, ND3:1370, probably American sloop, 25 tons, 3 men, Capt William Chase, probably American, entered Baltimore from St Eustatia 8 Jan 1776 and made non-British declaration. John.
ND6:1124, Capture:44, ND4:627, ND5:75-76, merchant sloop, master William Chace/Chase, captured prior to 24 Apr 1776 by HMS Nautilus, condemned in Halifax, May 1776..

John.
ND3:926, 1370, ND4:1228-29, schooner, Capt Daniel Merchant, Philadelphia to Newbury, captured within the Isle of Shoals by British Lively 4 Mar 1776.

 John.
NH:359, LCP:136/137, LM MD sloop, 6 guns, 10 men, Capt Richart Somersall/Somervell, Dec 1776.

John.
ND4:784, schooner, Capt John Eikens, owned at Salem, at St. Eustatius bound for Newfoundland, Apr 1776.Possibly Tory.

John.
ND4:207, 1228, sloop, Capt William Deane, Cape Anne to VA, captured by Americans off York River, processed in MD, crew members sent back to MA, Mar 1776.Probably Tory.

John.
Morrissey, ND4:188, brigantine under Capt Forsyth of Baltimore, MD, at St Pierre seeking powder, Mar 1776.

John.
ND11:448, American schooner, loaded with fish and lumber, Newburyport to Cape François, captured by British Boreas, Capt Charles Thompson, 15 Dec 1776,   ND7:489-490, American schooner, captured by British Boreas, 16 Dec 1776.

John.
ND4:1230-31, American vessel captured in early 1776 by HMS Rose.

John.
ND4:1228-29, sloop, Capt Coas Gardner, VA to Ipswich, MA, captured 7 Mar 1776 off Adimenticut by the British Hope.

John.
ND3:1264-65, American ship, Capt Francis Speake, shippers Jennifer & Hooe, VA to Martinico, Feb 1776. ND4:1168, schooner from MD, Capt Francis Spiake/Speake, sent from MD to West Indies for gunpowder, 1776.ND5:1235, to be sold as of 26 Jul 1776/

John.
ND7:1316, American schooner, prisoners brought to Boston, 24 Feb 1777

John.
R77:235, ND8:439, 1061, American brig, Capt Christopher Worth, from Nantucket, captured 26 Apr 1777 by British Galatea.

John.
ND7:1252,  ND8:82-83, ND11:126, American sloop, Capt John Cockran/Cochran, captured by British Seaford, Capt John Colpoys, condemned at Antigua, Mar 14, 1777.

John.
ND8:871, Ship, Capt M’Cartin, probably American, active in 1777.

John.
ND8:139, ND10:703, LCP:136/137, MD privateer sloop, Capt Richard Somervell/Somersall, active 31 Dec 1777.

John.
ND10:354, American sloop, Capt John Smith, captured by Bellona, 30 Oct 1777.

John.
ND10:949, vessel, Capt Merton, capture d by Hector, 28 Oct 1777.

John.
ND10:23, American sloop, Capt Remembrance Simons, captured by Charming Sally, 3 Oct 1777.

John.
ND11:129, American sloop, Capt John Ducker, captured by British Royal George, Capt Benjamin Roberts, condemned at Antigua, 27 Mar 1777.

John.
ND11:129, American schooner, Capt Richard Quartermass, captured by British schooner Surprise, Capt James Morres, condemned at Antigua, 6 June 1777.

John.
CC:M247, R110, #83, American merchant vessel, Capt Azariah Woodbury, in Feb 1778 was moving military supplies from Cadiz to Boston.FordXVII:466, per order of Arthur Lee, moved supplies from Gardoqui & Sons to America, 1777/78.ND11:453, American schooner, Capt Ezekiel Woodbury of Boston, bale goods and iron, captured by British Antelope, Capt Charles H. Everitt, and Diligence, Capt Thomas Davey,Jan 1778.

John.
NH:359, CTP:138, LCP:136/137, NLHS:I:IV:29, LM CT boat, 1 gun, 6 men, Capt Benjamin Conkling, 8 May 1779 (Record 721).

John.
Allen:193, Paine:457, MA privateer brigantine, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Jonathan Ingersoll, 7 Dec 1779, owners John Heard and others of Ipswich.

John.
Mill:141, Kaminkow:227, schooner taken Mar 1781 at St Eustatius, crew sent to Mill Prison 4 May 1781.Appeals Case 70, this may be the schooner which had been captured by the British barge Victory, then recaptured by the cutters Fox, Hazard, Oct 1780.Ford1780:466.

John.
M880:3, sloop, Capt Edward Face, from Petersburg, VA, used to support Yorktown, Oct 1781.

John.
NH:359, LCP:136/137, C312, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt Stephen Tinker, Jul 1781 (Record 894), Capt John Tinker, Jul 1781, Capt James Tinker, Mar 1782.

John.
NH:359, CTP:138, LCP:136/137, LM CT boat/galley, 1 gun 35 men, Capt Peter Brown, Jr, Apr 1782 (Record 820), took two prizes.NH:360, CTP:139,LCP:136/137, LM CT galley, new ownership, 4 guns, 25 men, Capt Jonathan Alden, Jul 1782 (Record 856), took one prize.

John.
Allen:193, MA privateer ship, 16 guns, 90 men, Capt Jonathan Ingersoll, 1782.

John.
Capture:43, schooner, master John Hews, captured before 2 Oct 1782, libelled on behalf of HMS Renown.

John.
CTP:141, CT privateer galley, Capt George House, 1 gun, several swivels, 30 men, took one prize on 1 Feb 1783.

John Baptist.
C300, NH vessel, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Samuel Storer, Jun 1780.

John Bunyan.
NR:360, LCP:136/137, LM NH sloop, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Silvanus Tripe, Sep 1781 (Record 44).

John & Anne.
ND1:1392, ??? ship, Capt William Power, probably British, 31 Jul 1775, James River to London with tobacco, staves, etc.

John & Bella.
ND1:1388, ND2:395, ND7:261, British snow/transport, Capt Andrew Green, active 1775 and 1776, James River to London with tobacco and shingles, at Oxford, MD, in 6 Sep 1775.

John & Eliza.
ND6:959, probably British vessel 28 Sep 1776, possibly captured by HMS Boreas.

John & Grace.
Peabody:231, McMA:173, British brig captured near Spain in late 1781 by the MA Grand Turk, Capt Joseph Pratt, and sold in Bilbao, Spain, Dec 1781 for over 149,000 reals.

John & Jacob.
DaviesX:1205, Swedish ship, carrying arms, c 1705-1706.

John & James.
ND6:392, ship, Capt Baker, probably British, arrives at river in London, 31 May, 1776.

John and Joseph.
ND4:721, 784, ND5:29, 510, ND6:1005, 1005, 834, ND11:463, schooner, Capt Daniel Deshon, captured 8 Apr 1776 by British Scarborough and goods sold, Apr 1776.Mc:75, privateer of New London, CT, prize recapture by the Continental Andrew Doria, Capt Nicholas Biddle, 12 Apr 1776.

John & Mary.
ND1:895, Capture:44, British brigantine/sloop, arrived at Falmouth, MA, Master Daniel Haw, from Boston 2 Apr 1775,captured by Americans on 23 Aug and sent to Boston, but recaptured by the British Delight, on 2 Sep, year not given.

John Michael.
NR:360, CTP:141, LM CT sloop, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt George Church, Jul 1781.CTRec:605 and NLHS:I:IV:29, show Capt. P. Church.

John and Milley.
ND7:91, VA sloop, Capt Bannister How, permit to go to St Eustatia, Nov 1776.

John and Milsey.
ND5:1194, VA sloop, Capt John Crew, permit to go to West Indies, Jul 1776.ND11:852, captured by British Southampton’s tender, 1 Apr 1778.,

John and Peter.
Mc:208, 347, 513, ND9:474, British smuggling sloop from Havre de Grace, captured by American Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, and released after 26 Jun 1777.

John and Rachel.
ND10:1208, British brig, Capt Henderkin, 100 tons, West Indies to Nova Scotia, taken by the Deane, 21 Nov 1780.

John and Rebecca.
Mc:445, JA6:256, 386, Sheppard:91, British brig, Capt John Finlay, captured in Jun 1778 by the ship Boston, Capt Samuel Tucker.

John and Richard.
R78:39, British vessel, Capt Gould, Africa to Jamaica, 1777.

John and Sally.
Allen:194, Appeals:xxxxi, 162:4:35, MA privateer schooner, 80 tons, 6 guns, 18 men, Capt Benjamin Humphreys, 14 Aug 1779.This is likely the brigantine, same captain, 6 May 1780, owners John Waitt and Samuel Wait of Marblehead.FordXII:1055, an appeal was filed 23 Oct 1778 from the NJ Court of Admiralty for the case of David Stevens vs schooner John and Sally.

John and Thomas.
Mc:208, 347, R77:407, ND9:481, British bark, Capt John Yowart, Norway to Dublin, captured 22 Jun 1777 by the American brig Lexington, Capt Henry Johnson, but retaken by British Hawke.(Capt Lambert Wickes of the Reprisal also credited with this capture.)

John Wilkes.
ND6:1044, sloop, Capt Nicholas Webster, to be called in CT state service, 29 Sep 1776.It was bound for New York.ND11:187, Capt Paul M’Donald, captured by British Elizabeth, 14 Jan 1778.

John and William.
R78:39, British vessel, Capt Falkner, Lisbon to New York, with 180 slaves, 1777.

Johns.
Kaminkov:227, American vessel, shown captured May 1781, or that could be the date crewmen from that vessel reached British prison.

John’s Relief.
ND6:878, 1267, VA sloop, Capt Ephriam Gilbert, trading between VA and Bermuda, 14 Oct 1776.

Johnson.
ND1:???, ship, Capt Johnston, probably British, active 1775.

Johnson/Johnston.
ND1:866, ND2:394, ND9:867, ND10:256, 470, 594, 711, 15-16, ND11:75, 786, McMA:51, British LM ship, Capt Richard Jones, Liverpool to New York, captured 18 Jul 1777 by three American vessels, Massachusetts, Active, Speedwell, libelled in MA Middle District, 20 Oct 1777.

-----Johnson.
ND7:1046, ND8:988, ND9:204, 852, ND11:348, C21, MD Navy row galley/xebec, Capts James Crew and James Belt, built at West River in 1776/77.Silverstone:18.Coggins:106.

Johnson.
NR:360, LCP:136/137, LM MD schooner, 5 guns, 8 men, Capt William Yeardsley, May 1778, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Peter Houston, Aug 1779.

Johnson Smith.
Allen:194, MA privateer brigantine, Capt Andrew Paton, 6 Jan 1779, owners probably included John Bradford of Boston..

Johnston.
ND2:1351, 1356, probably British brig, Capt W. Cunningham, 15 Dec 1775, in ballast from Jamaica to Roanoke, active in West Indies trade.

Johnston.
ND2:1348, probably British brig, Capt John Dunlop, 27 Feb 1775, in ballast, Jamaica to Roanoke.

Johnston.
ND5:744, ND6:1042, NC schooner privateer, 2 guns, 10 men, Capt Edward Tinker, Jun 1776.C312.

Johnson.
Paullin:442, MD galley under construction, Spring 1777.

Johnston/Johnson.
ND10:633, 661, American privateer schooner, 8 guns, 30 men, 30 tons, Capt Thomas Williams, captured by Ariadne, 29 Nov 1777.ND11:636, 644, Capt Charles Stacbehen listed as commander when captured and sent to Barbados..

Johnston.
ND11:28, American schooner, captured by the British privateer Revenge, condemned at St Vincents,18 Sep 1777.

John Wilkes.
ND11:187, American sloop, NC to MA, Capt Paul McDonald, captured by British Elizabeth, Jan 1778.

Le Joli Caesar/Coeur.
Force:5:III:1526, ND7:534, ND9:221, French or American snow, St Domingo to Marseilles, Capt B. Evans/Eryan, captured in 1776/77 by British Perseus, then recaptured by Falcon..

Jolly Boat.
Barnes:110, name given the tender for the Ariel, it being sent frequently to L’Orient for fresh food, water, and wine.

Jolly Miller.
M880:4, sloop, Capt John Wale, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Jolly Robin.
NR:360, CTP:141, LCP:136/137, LM CT schooner, 4 guns, 25 men, Capt Isaac Sheffield, Jr, Jul 1782 (Record 868), took two prizes.ND11:14, Capt Caleb Hopkins, captured by British Galatea, Capt Thomas Jordan, 1 Jan 1778.

Jolly Tar.
Williamson:269, apparently a Tory barge taken by Capt Whaley in the barge Defence, 14 Nov 1782.

Jolly Tar.
CTP:216, British privateer brig, 100 tons, Capt Jacob Hannah, 12 guns, 50 men, captured 5 May 1782 off Sandy Hook by CT brigantine Sampson.

Jolly Tar.
C61, NH brigantine, 6 guns, 16 men, Capt William Clarke of Portsmouth, NH, Jun 1780.

Jolly Tar.
Mill:139, Kaminkow:227, American brig taken 13 July 1780, part of crew sent to Mill Prison in Oct 1780.

Jolly Tar.
NR:361, LCP:138/139, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns 27 men, Capt David Thomson, Aug 1781.R82I:238, this may be LM captured by British in 1781.

Jolly Tarr.
VANavy:167, NR:361, LCP:138/139, LM VA brigantine, 14 guns, 90 men, Capt George Cross, Oct 1781, Capt Philip Turner, Jan 1782.R82II:376, this may be the ship going to Havanna captured by British in 1782.It captured a British vessel, Liberty, in Nov 1781.

Jolly Tar.
C141, MD ship, 14 guns, 65 men, Capt Charles Harrison, Sep 1782.

Jonatas.
CTP:153, former French ship bought by Thomas Mumford and fitted out as a privateer.It sailed under the name of Deane, Capt Elisha Hinman, in June 1780.

Le Jonathan.
CTP:67, French ship, Capt Pierre Patol, sold to the Mumfords of New London, CT, c 1780, who converted her into a CT privateer named Deane, then she was transferred to the Cont. Navy.

Jonathan.
CTP:97-98, originally a British ship from Liverpool, Capt James Townsend, captured by American brig General Washington, and renamed General McDougall by April 1778, then was recaptured by the British HMS Diamond and taken into Halifax.R78:39, ND10:739, British LM ship, Capt Richard Townshend, Liverpool to Jamaica, captured by General Washington, 15 Dec 1777, libelled in MA Middle District.

Jonathan.
Allen:194, MAS13:767, MA privateer sloop of Salem, Capt Christopher Babbidge of Salem, Oct 1780.

Jonathan Smith.
Selby:182, ship owned by or consigned to Penet & Pliarne of France in which Philip Mazzei of Albemarle County, VA, went to Tuscany seeking a state loan, but which was captured by the Goodrich family and taken to New York, 1779.

Jonge Catherina.
ND7:800, Dutch transport, arrived at Spithead from New York 23 Dec 1776.

Jonge Pieter.
VanMaanen, Dutch pilot or guard vessel, Admiralty of Amsterdam, Capt Duinker, active 1782.

Joram.
FordXIII:419, schooner, apparently in Appeals Court, with owners petitioning the Cont. Congress, Apr 1779.

Joseph.
ND1:353, 1369, 1379, ND2:709, probably British brig, 100 tons, 8 men, Capt Joseph Thompson, active 1775, Annapolis to Plymouth, England with corn, wheat, and flour, then return from Liverpoole in ballast.

Joseph.
ND2:709, probably British vessel, active 1775.

Joseph.
Mc:102, Fowler:138, British brigantine, Capt John Beack of Dublin, captured in May 1777 in the river Meuse, by the Surprise of Dunkirk, Capt G. Conyngham.

Joseph.
R77:108, ND8:825, 829, 846, ND9:454, 572, ND3:72, 411, 454, ND8:846, brigantine, Capt Robert Kelly of Liverpool,Messina to Hamburg, captured May 1777 or 16 Aug 1777 by Surprize, restored to owners by French, c 1777.JA6:120.

Joseph.
Capture:47, British ship captured by the privateer Black Prince 12 May 1779, then recaptured by the British Howe, Buckram, 3 June 1779.

-----Joseph.
ND2:396, 1347, 1360, Force:5:III:1526, ND7:580, 838, 1216, 1218, ND8:923, ND9:8, 18, 924, ND8:132, 923, American brigantine, Capt Emperor Moseley, illegally seized by American Eagle, prize master B. Hewes, Cadiz to NC, later captured 17 Feb 1776 by British Merlin. Ford1777:86.

Joseph.
ND2:75, 1375, American brig, Capt Enos Pike, captured with lumber from Newbury to St Kits by the British Lively, Sep 1775.

 Joseph.
ND3:1341, ND4:1228-29, American schooner, Capt John Hill, captured off Cape Charles by tender Edward of HMS Liverpool, 14 Feb 1776.

Joseph.
ND4:1174, 1481, ND5:1239, ND6:1166, RI Navy privateer sloop, Capt James Munro, RI to Hispaniola, cleared for sailing, Apr 1776, captured Alice 18 Oct 1776.  Allen:194, ND7:375, 642, RI/MA privateer sloop, Capts James Munro, John Field, Thomas West, active in 1776 and Jan 1777.

It was captured, condemned, and libelled 4 Oct 1776.(There seems to be confusion about this vessel.)
Joseph.
ND4:793, ND5:11, sloop, Capt William Raddon, moved goods from NC to Philadelphia, Jan 1776.

Joseph.
Force:5:III:1524, ND6:790, American brig, master Elias Coffin, Cape François to Nantucket, captured 12 Sep 1776 by British Cerberus or the Hilton.

Joseph.
ND7:1164, American brigantine, granted permit to sail to Guadaloupe 12 Feb 1777.

Joseph.
Force:5:III:1526, ND8:163, American sloop captured in 1776 by British Juno.

Joseph.
Capture:47-48, sloop from Newbury, MA, master Issac Green Heason, captured 16 Nov 1776 near Kennebeck by HMS Juno.

Joseph.
ND9:866, American brig, 10 men, 150 tons, captured by Hope, 2 Sep 1777.

Joseph.
Smith:135, Maclay:71, NR:361, American merchant brig of 8 guns captured two ships in 1776.Allen:194, LCP:138/139, this may be the LM brigantine, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Christopher Babbidge of Salem, 23 Jul 1777 (Record 336).

Joseph.
Capture:37,44, American brig captured by the British Cerberus and taken toward Halifax, under prizemaster Peter Robinson , then recaptured by the General Putnam about the same time it captured the brig Halifax, year not stated.This may be the brigantine captured before 11 Sep 1777 by the British.MAS1:347, crew prisoners set ashore at Sheepscot River and Townsend, Sep 77, libel filed by HMS Rainbow 11 Sep 1777.ND11:184-185, American brig captured by British Rainbow, and sent to Halifax.The owner was ??? Boylston of Boston.

Joseph.
ND11:689, American schooner from New England in ballast, Capt Abraham Tappan, captured by British Loyal Subject, 18 Mar 1778.  

Joseph.
Allen:194-195, NR:361, LCP:138/139, one or two MA privateer brigantines, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Peter Wells of Boston, Sep 1781 (Record 206).Paine:457, shows a Salem, MA, brig, 8 guns, 15 men, under Capt Henry Higginson of Salem 19 Jul 1782 (Record 150).Owners for Capt Higginson were Ebenezer Parsons and others of Boston.

Joseph.
Beerman:210, American brig at Havana in 1782.

Joy.
C75, PA ship, 10 guns, 100 men, Capt Harmon Courter in Aug 1779.

Judey.
ND11:184-185, American sloop loaded with lumber captured at Pinnequid by British Rainbow & Hope, 25 Aug 1777.

Judith.
ND1:796, ND2:1373, schooner, Capt Isaac Elwin/Elwell, with wood from Sheepscot, cut out of Gloucester (Cape Ann) and captured by HM schooner Hope, 23 Jun 1775.

Judith.
R77:231, ND8:58, 136, 1053, American schooner, Capt Mark Burnam, from VA, captured in 8 Mar 1777 by British Emerald.

Judith.
Paullin:429, ND9:303, 781, ND10:189, 910, British brig, 12 guns, captured 20 Jul 1777 or 17 Sep 1777 or Oct 1777 by the SC Notre Dame.
R77:407, Capt Alvara Lefthouse/Lofthouse, London to St Augustine.   

Judith.
ND10:685, British brigantine, Capt Jan. Coppelhoff, captured by Lady Washington, libelled in MA Middle District, 1777.

Judith.
Allen:195, MA privateer sloop, 8 guns 20 men, 100 tons, Capt George Southward, 9 Jun 1780, owner William Creed.

Juilliott.
ND8:593, ship, Capt Calvert, 1777.

Julia.
 ND4:1267, ND5:23, 648, ND6:23, schooner, Capt Corban Barnes, agrees not to take any pilot beyond Chester, PA, 26 Apr 1776.

Juliana.
ND1:753, 778, ND6:671, ??? ship, Capt Montgomery, probably British, at Sandy Hook, 24 June 1775.One ship showed Captain in fall 1776 of Christopher Stephenson.(See also Lady Juliana.)DaviesXII:221, possibly this vessel.

Juliana.
ND10:645, ND11:34, British victualer, sunk at Chevaune de Frize 1 Dec 1777.DaviesXVI:99, 1833, British transport.

Julian/Juliana.
ND1:1386, ND2:273, ND3:1369, probably American brig, Capt Walter Burke, arrived at Baltimore with 32 servants, Oct 1775 and made non-British cargo declaration.

-----Juliana.
ND8:259, 260, ND11:450, American sloop, VA to Cape François,captured by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley, 26 Feb 1777 or 1 Apr 1777.

Julie.
ND11:1142, American ship, arrives at Boston, 31 Mar 1778.

Julie.
R80I:358, French brigantine from New Orleans, LA, Capt Antoine Deleague, captured by British in 1779.

Julien.
JA8:359, French ship of the line, 1778.

Juliet.
ND11:450, American schooner, captured by British Boreas, Capt Charles Thompson, 1777.

Juliet.
Allen:195, NR:362, LCP:138/139, LM MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Samuel Smith of Boston, 24 Jul 1781 (Record 379).

Julius Caesar.
Force:5:III:1528, ND2:697, ND7:1257, ND10:1204, ND11:192, DaviesX:981, British ship, Capt Ezeriah Uzzell/Azariah Uzuld, London to Halifax, 350 tons, 17 Dec 1776, captured by MA sloop Republic, purchased by MA Board of War, renamed Bourbon..

Julius Caesar.
ND3:969, ND4:335, ship, Capt John Thomson, carried mail to Boston 14 Jan 1776, Landed cargo at Falmouth 14 Mar 1776.

Julius Caesar.
Allen:195, Paine:457, NR:362, LCP:138/139, LM MA privateer brig, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt Nathaniel Bently, 11 May 1780, owners Wingate Newman and others of Newburyport; then probably under Capt Anthony Knapp of Newburyport 17 Jan 1781 (Record 611); then Capt Jonathan Haraden of Salem 11 Apr 1782 (Record 582); then by Capt Thomas Benson of Salem 4 Mar 1783.Eastman:14ff, letter of marque ship captained by Jonathan Haraden.

Julius Caesar.
CTP:139, CT privateer sloop, Capt Amos Hubbel, took one prize 20 Feb 1783.

Julliott.
ND8:593, French or British ship, Capt Calvert, bound for River Senegal from London, 17 Feb 1777.

Jumont.
Rice:I:118n, said to be with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780 in the French Expeditionary Force.

Junius.
Allen:195, Paine:457, NR:362, LCP:138/139, LM MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Nathaniel West of Salem 13 Aug 1781 (Record 477).JA10:89.

Junius Brutus/Brutus.Howe:412, 427, LCP:26/27, JA10:89, Allen:88, 196, Paine:457, NR:362, LCP:138/139, C35, LM Beverly/Salem privateer ship which had several records of its actions as a privateer: Capt John Leach May 1780, owners Joshua Ward, Henry Rust, and others of Salem; Capt John Brooks 23Aug 1780; Capt William Cole/Coles of Beverly 10 Jul 1781, Capt Robert Leech, Apr 1781, Capt Nathaniel Brookhouse 25 Oct 1781 (Record 129) ; and Capt John Brooks 15 June 1782 (Records 260, 261, 507),before it was captured after Jun 1782 by a British cruiser and taken into Newfoundland.On 17 Oct 1782 a cartel returned the crew to SalemCrew listed in MAS.Maclay:215, ship with 20 guns and 120 men, 206 tons, joined in action to attack a squadron at Tortola, West Indies, 1782.Capture:56, captured the brig Nancy near Newfoundland, but lost it to recapture.C218.

Brutus/Junius Brutus’ prize.
Mill:140, NR:242, Paine:454, British vessel, not named nor dated but probably the brig Nancy, prize of Salem privateer, Junius Brutus, Capt John Leach, was recaptured by British Oct 1780, and one person from the prize crew sent to Mill Prison.

Juno.
ND1:1196, British ship, Capt John McHenderson, 17 days out of Dublin, boarded by Capt Abraham Stephen Remsen of Taunton, MA, June 1775, or 15 Aug 1775.

Juno.
ND1:299, British vessel, Capt Farrington, Charleston to London, carried letter from Henry Laurens to his son John Laurens in London, May 1775.

Juno.
R76II:238, 267, McPA:346, Mc:25-26, ND5:857, ND6:551, British ship from Jamaica, Capt Samuel Marson, prize of PA privateers, Congress, Capt George M’Aroy, and others, May 1776, sent to Philadelphia, tried 1 Jul 1776.One such prize was at Havana. R78:39, ND7:273, Force:5:III:1528, ND6:63, 64, 508, 671, 551, British ship, Capt Samuel Marsden/Marson, Dominica/Jamaica to Bristol, 250 tons, 1776 taken by American Congress, Chance and retaken by British.ND7:728, this may be the Juno mentioned with Capt Manson.

Juno.
Force:5:III:1528, British transport from Glasgow, captured 1776.

Juno.
ND8:530, British ship, Capt Orr, captured byAmerican General Lee, 1777.

Juno.
R77:407, ND9:654, ND10:616, 665, British brigantine, Capt Joseph Barnes, Newfoundland to Liverpool, captured by Civil Usage, libelled in MA Middle District, 26 Aug 1777.

Juno.
R78:39, British vessel, Capt Haverscomber, Bermuda to London, 1777.

Juno.
McM:60, CTP:52, British schooner, Capt Samuel Pepper, prize of CT sloop American Revenue, Capt William Leeds, Aug or Sep 1778.C184.

Juno.
M:112, British LM ship captured in c Sep 1778 by MA brig Tyrannicide.

Juno.
M:112, British LM ship captured c 25 Sep 1778 by the Cont. frigate Warren.

Juno (HMS).
ND4:1104, ND5:1360, ND7:963, ND8:1058, ND9:32, ND10:55, ND11:345, British frigate, 30 guns, 220 men, England to St Lawrence River, 7 Apr 1775, stationed in North America, 1 June 1776, with Howe’s fleet 15 Jan 1777.SchV:46, British vessel, 32 guns, Capt H. Dalrymple, burned 7 Aug 1778 at Rhode Island to prevent capture by Americans.DaviesXII:246,XIII:1983, XV:64, 71, Volo:264, Silverstone:91, probably this vessel.

Juno.
CTP:209, M:25, Bermudian built sloop, 100 tons, Capt John Leek, captured Sep 1779 by CT sloop Revenge.

Juno.
ND10:1210, British brig, Capt Robinson, 60 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by Revenge, 15 Apr 1783.

-----Juno.
 Capture:48, ND4:111, 501, 844, brigantine with gunpowder, master William Keith, captured near Cape of Delaware 26 Feb 1776.ND6:1124, captured by HMS Kingfisher, 2 Oct 1776, and taken into Hampton Road..

Juno.
ND4:1243, American schooner, captured by British Pallas, 22 Apr 1776.

Juno.
ND5:1120, American schooner, Capt Shockley, on a whaling voyage, captured by the British Atalanta off the coast of Africa and taken to the West Indies, Jan to Jul 1776.

Juno.
ND8:1060, R77:235, American sloop.Capture:48, sloop from Old York, New England, on the way to Santa Cruz, captured 30 April 1777 off George’s Banks by British Diamond, Greyhound. ND8:479, 1060.

Juno.
R77:231, ND8:1053, American vessel, Capt George Eldridge, from St. Eustatius, captured by British Daphne 9 Mar 1777.   

Juno.
ND8:161, ND11:449, American schooner, captured at Jamaica by British Antelope, Capt Will Judd, 20 Mar 1777.

Juno. ND9:104, ND11:127, American brig, Capt Isaac Coleman, captured by British Otter, Capt Mathew Squires, condemned 22 May 1777 at Antigua.

Juno.
ND9:819, American brig, captured by British Milford, 26 Aug 1777.

Juno.
ND10:562, ship, renamed Vryheid, 1777.ND10:685, a brig under Capt Jan Coppelhoff, captured 8 Dec 1777 by Lady Washington,  is mentioned but cannot be related to this ship.

Juno.
ND10:885, Merchant vessel, Capt Scott, captured by Hawke, 8 Oct 1777.

Juno.
Allen:197, LCP:140/141, MA privateer ship, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Samuel Gill, Oct 1779, owner Leonard Jarvis of Boston; and probably Capt William Haydon of Boston, 20 Oct 1780 (Record 297).

Juno.
NR:363, LCP:138/139, LM PA brig, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt David Campbell, Aug 1780, Capt Peter Day, Dec 1781.

Juno.
R82I:238, American vessel, 120 tons, 40 men, 8 guns, captured in 1781 by British Amphion.

Juno.
NR:363, LCP:140/141, LM PA ship, 8 guns 30 men, Capt William Smith, 20 Jul 1781 .

Juno.
NR:364, LCP:140/141, NLHS:I:IV:29, LM CT row galley, 1 gun, 20 men, Capt Oliver Norris, May 1782 (Record 812).

Juno.
Allen:197, Paine:457, NR:363, LCP:138/139, LM MA privateer brig/brigantine, 6/12 guns, 16/17 men, Capt Philip Aubin of Newburyport, 11 Sep 1781 (Record 630), and Capt John Felt of Salem, Aug 1782 (Record 82).

Juno.
Beerman:269, frigate, 1782.

Juno.
VanMaanen, Dutch war vessel, Admiralty of Friesland, 36 guns, 230 men, Capt D. Wicht, built 1782 and active that year.

Juno.
ND10:1210, American brig, 60 tons, Capt Robinson, captured by Revenge, trial 15 Apr 1783.

La Junon.
SchV:42, French war frigate of the Brest fleet, 36 guns, captured the British 28 gun Fox under Hon. T. Windfor off the coast of France on 11 Sep 1778.The Fox had been captured in 1777 by Americans from British then recaptured in 1778 by British from Americans.La Junon and La Sensible also captured the British schooner Helena in 1778 off the coast of France.Villiers:296, escorted convoy from Ildd’aix to Gibraltar, 1778.Benson:132, this frigate brought Count von Fersen and others to America in April 1780. La Junon may be the vessel which shipwrecked 11 Oct 1780.

-----Jupiter.
ND6:783, C162, PA privateer sloop, 14 guns, 95 men, Capt Francis Illingsworth, 11 Sep 1776.

Jupiter.
Allen:197, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Peter Roberts, 20 Nov 1779, owners Jonathan Titcomb and others of Newburyport.

Jupiter.
GWNavy:83, destroyed by lightning.Hearn:65, this may be the transport mentioned.

Jupiter.
Kaminkov:228, C19, Capt Chris Bassett, a re-capture by the British Emperor before Nov 1780.C21, this may be the Jupiter in action, Aug 1780.

Jupiter.
Allen:197, Paine:457, NR:364, LCP:140/141, LM MA privateer ship, 14 guns, 40 men, Capt William Orne of Salem, 27 Apr 1782 (Record 587).

Le Juste.
SchV:61, NavChronI:474, French armed merchantman, 10 guns, 35 men, 200 tons captured in 1779 in West Indies by squadron under Admiral Hyde Parker.

Justitia.
ND1:799, VA merchant trader, Capt Kidd, to London, Jun 1775 or 24 Jul 1775.ND6:533, a British transport had this name 6 Aug 1776, when it carried American prisoners to London from Yankee privateer.



Kanister.
McM:125, British/Tory sloop, plundered by MA, 1778.

Katherine.
CTN:144, British sloop, Capt John Rugtard, captured in 1778 by the CT Navy Mifflin, Capt John Kerr, and libeled in May in New London.
C174.

Katherine.
ND3:1368, probably American ship, Capt James McNeile, entered Baltimore from Dublin 8 Jun 1775 and made non-British cargo declaration.

Katherine.
ND7:893, permitted to sail to Bordeaux 8 Jan 1777.

Kattie.
ND1:10, 1387, ship, Capt James Clarke, probably British, bound to London 10 Dec 1774, active in 1775, James River to Glasgow, with tobacco, pork, and staves.ND4:1005, 1195, this may be the transport Katy, active mid-1776.Volo:52, possibly this vessel.

Katy.
Paullin:95, British vessel, captured by Hopkins, Dec 1775.

Katy.
CTP:53, 84, British schooner/sloop, Capt John Brown, captured in Jun, 1780, by CT privateer schooner Experiment and MA privateer sloop American Revenue, Capt William Jigger.C166.

-----Katy.
ND1:665, 705, 786, 1124, ND2:1255, ND3:131, RI sloop, Capt Abraham Whipple, active 1775. Coggins:106, GWA:39, Fowler:46, sloop of the RI Navy, Jun 1775, bought by Congress and renamed Providence.
It was blown up at Penobscot in 1779 to prevent its capture.Volo:38, Silverstone:20..

Katy.
Force:5:III:1524, American vessel, master Edward Dillingham, Rhode Island to Curaçao, captured in 1776 by British Unicorn.

Katy.
ND11:227, American brig, Capt William Bunker, captured by British Galatea, 28 Jan 1778, and sent to St Augustine.

Katy/Kathy.
CTP:142, privateer schooner, Capt Moses Tryon, captured by British privateer from Jamaica, 9 Nov 1780.

Katey.
ND7:1218, MA brig, Capt Josiah Gardner, owner Samuel Starbuck, requesting permit to go to Hispaniola for salt, 19 Feb 1777.

Katy.
Buel:345, small brig that got into Providence in 1780, not further defined.

El Kaulicán.
A2:IX:28 and many others, A2:X:18 and many others, C&C:91, King’s brigantine, 14 guns, 99 men, used in 1780 at Battle of Mobile, then used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola, and may have moved some soldiers to the battles.It had previously moved Mexican soldiers to Louisiana.

Keith.
ND8:549, armed ship, captured an unidentified pirate vessel from Martinique, 1777.

Kelly and Nancy.
ND7:810, British schooner, Capt Reodret, captured by Americans, 26 Dec 1776.

Kemphaan.
VanMaanen, Dutch advice vessel, Admiralty of the Maze, 12 guns, 60 men, Lt Eyé, active 1782.

Kendrick.
NR:364, Paine:457, LCP:142/148, LM MA ship, 18 guns, 90 men, Capt Thomas Benson, Aug 1781 (Record 479), captured Oct 1782 and taken into New York.

Kennoul/Kinnoul.
R77:407, British ship, Capt William Ramsay, Barcelona to Stettin, 1777. ND9:623, 626, R77:407, captured by American Fancy, 4 Sep 1777.

Kensington.
NR:364, LCP:142/143, LM PA brig, 14 guns, 65 men, Capt Samuel Smith, 22 Mar 1779 (Record 1019).

Kensington.
Allen:197, NR:365, LCP:142/143, LM MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 25/60 men, Capt Samuel Smith 7 May 1781 (Record 457), owners John Pringle & Comp of Philadelphia; and probably Capt James Degge, 23 Oct 1781 (Record 921), same owners.

Keppel.
Lawrence:50, French brig, no other info.DaviesXVI:2101, XVII:34, 242, XX:174, HMS, shows an armed brig in East FL, 1779/80.

Keriah.
McM:217, British brig, prize of MA at Bilbao, Spain, 1780.

Kester.
ND9:158, American schooner, Capt Afrm. Lombard, captured and burned by British Hinchinbrook, 15 June 1777.

Keyser.
Appeals Case 96, Dutch vessel operating out of Curaçao, 1782, Capt Peter Jestman.

Kidnapper.
M:65-67, VA Tory barge under Capt Kidd which fought the VA and MD barges in Nov 1782 and defeated them.He took the American prisoners and wounded from both sides to Onancock, MD, where they received medical care.

Kildair.
ND7:858, NH Privateer brigantine, permit to sail 4 Jan 1777.

Killbuck.
ND5:648, American schooner, Capt Thomas Shile, permit in June 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.

King of Barra.
ND5:1254, schooner from Charleston, SC, Capt John Hopkins, captured at Gambia with slaves and trade goods on 9 Dec 1775 by the British Weasel, tried at St Johns, Antigua.

Kingbird.
ND3:1393-94, sloop, Capt John Hathaway, owners John and Nicholas Brown, bonded 17 Feb 1776 for trip to Philadelphia.ND4:1480, sloop, Capt Ebenezer Hill, RI to Long Island, 28 Mar 1776.NR:365, LCP:142/143, R81II:259, LM RI sloop, 6 guns, 45 men, Capt Wilson Jacobs, Apr 1781 (Record 653), captured 27 June 1781 by the British Medea.

King(‘s) Fisher (HM)..
ND1:24, 699, ND2:526, 960, 1250, HM sloop, Capt James Montague, RN, in New York 28 Nov 1774,later under Capt Jona Eaton, seized by Capt Andrew Barkley, 17 June 1775.ND3:619, British sloop of war, 16 guns, 200 men, Master Jones seized Jan 1776.

Kingfisher.
DaviesX:320, XI:76, 141, XII:62, 273, British vessel, Capt William Wood, taken by Americans Apr 1776 by privateers Boston Revenge, General Ward, then released.Volo:150, 178, 264.

Kingfisher (HM).
ND3:1340, British tender, captured American Molly, 15 Feb 1776.

King Fisher (HM).
FW3:602, SchV:47, ND3:1188, ND4:1225, ND5:948, ND6:1424, ND7:964, ND8:1048, ND9:32, ND10:125, ND11:687, British sloop, 14 guns, 110 men, Capt Alexander Graeme, burned at RI in 1778 to prevent capture.M:245, British sloop guarding the Delaware.1777.

Kingfisher.
ND2:1146, 1263, 1361, ND4:184, British sloop, Capt Lot Strange, from St Christopher to Roanoke, and John Strange, owner, accused of importing British goods and their sloop was to be confiscated in NC, Mar 1776.

King Fisher.
ND6:72, Halifax, NB sloop, Capt James Ducaine, permit to trade with allowed islands of West Indies, 1776.

Kingfisher (HM).
ND6:1125, stationed off New York, 1776.DaviesXV:63, 189, Silverstone:91, HM Sloop, 16 guns,destroyed, 7 Aug 1778.Coggins:20.

-----Kingfisher.
CTP:142, privateer armed boat, Capt Jedediah Andrews, took one prize, 20 May, 1781.

King George.
Force:5:III:1529, ND7:1321, ND8:9, British ship, Capt Edmund Williams, Jamaica to Bristol, captured 28 Feb 1777 by PA General Montgomery.PANavy:411n70, it was converted into a fire ship for use in defense of the Delaware River.

King George.
R78:39, British vessel, Capt Westmore, Chester to New York, 1777.

King George.
M:106, ND10:65, 354, ND11:435, British brig, Capt John Watmough, Belfast to New York, in 8 Oct 1777 prize of MA state brigantine Massachusetts, libelled in MA Middle District.

King George.
CTP:209, British brigantine, Capt Stanton Hazard, 14 guns, captured in Aug 1779 by CT sloop Revenge.
C246.

King George.
Eastman:57, M:315, Tory ship captured by American Patriots in Aug 1779, credited to Continental sloop Argo, and sent to New London.

King George.
CTP:85, British brig, Capt James Hogg of London, captured in 1781 by CT brigantine, Fair American.
C101.

-----King George.
Robertson(1979):108fn, ND4:517, DE ship, Capt Pennock, captured by British Squirrel and taken to Jamaica.Also shown captured 25 Mar 1776 by HMS Antelope.

King Hendrick.
Allen:198, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Shubael Gorham, 12 Jun 1780, owners Stephen Higginson and Ebenezer Parsons.

King Herod.
Allen:83, 198, C13, CMA privateer schooner, 10 guns, Capt William Baker, April 1777, captured and taken into Antigua by Feb 1777.

King of France.
NR:365, LCP:142/143, LM PA boat, 1 gun, 20 men, Capt Francis Du Closs, Jul 1781 (Record 896).

King of Naples.
ND6:471, ND6:595, there is mention of a British victualer, which was to proceed with the convoy ofLord Howe, 7 Sep 1776.

-----King of Naples.
ND11:1107, American snow, Capt J. Hall, chased by HM Buffalo but escaped 21 Mar 1778.

King of Prussia.
ND5:994, probably American ship, Capt Thomas Dowman, active 15 June 1776.ND6:185, 421, ship, Capt Thomas Dowman, moving arms and ammo for Willing, Morris, & Comp., 1776.FordXI:522, owner Jacob Winey paid for export of goods to Ferrol, Spain, in Apr 1776.ND9:799, at Williamsburg, 24 Aug 1777.

King of Spain.
ND9:536, British LM marquee, Capt James Hamilton, recaptures Emperor of Germany, 26 Jul 1777.

King’s Brig, the Cat.
RM9:723, shown as a joint captor of the British ship Diamond in 1781.See Cat.

King Solomon.  ND3:1273, 1345,  ND4:1228-29, American vessel, Capt Daniel Turner, salt fish for Bilbao, captured off Liverpool 15 Feb 1776 by HM schooner Halifax, or by British Senegal 18 Feb 1776.

Kingston.
ND5:594-595, sloop, probably British, active mid 1776.ND7:441, 442, Capt Patrick Redmond, active, late 1776.DaviesXVI:1003, 1056, , a sloop of this name was active 1779/80

Kingston.
Mc:58, British ship captured Sep 1782 by Continental Alliance, Capt John Barry, and sent to L’Orient, France.RM9:819, condemned and sold on account of Thomas Barclay.

Kingston.
ND9:981, MA state prison ship, Capt Kirkwood, active 1777.

Kingston/Kingston Packet. Morison:65, ND6:1302, ND9:308, ND7:1078, British brigantine, 110 tons, Capt Samuel Ingersoll, captured 23 Sep 1776 or 17 Oct 1776 by American Providence, 1st Lt John Paul Jones.ND10:67, 280, this may have become the MA state prison ship, Capt Kirkwood, 1777.

Kingston Packet.  ND2:1216, 1244,  ND3:6, 19, ND6:1302,ND9:308, ND10:480, GWNavy:56, 76, 231, American brig, Capt Samuel Ingersoll, taken at Barington, N. S., 26 Nov 1775 by the Hancock, Capt. Broughton and the Franklin, Capt Selman, later restored to owner Richard Derby, Jr.   Appeals:xxxxii, 162:1:6, in Hopkins vs Derby and the Kingston Packet.
Probably the vessel in Force:5:III:1592.Emmons:42/43, British brig captured by the Andrew Doria, Capt J. Robinson.

King Tammani.
NR:365, LCP:142/143, LM MD brigantine, 14 guns, 30 men, Capt Thomas Dickson.

King Tammany/Taminy, plus tender.
ND6:1356, Still:17, 21, 22, Coggins:106, ND8:272, ND9:206, ND10:437, 821, NC Navy brigantine purchased 17 Jul 1776 for protecting Ocracoke Inlet, Capt Sylvanus Pendleton in Oct 1776, Capt Jarvis in 1777.Silverstone:19, 12 guns.

Kirry Dullaney.
ND10:241, British brig Capt William Yarnsley, captured by Emerald, 22 Oct 1777.

Kittee.
M880:3, schooner, Capt Danmd? Chramphion, moved supplies to Yorktown in support of operations there, Oct 1781.

Kitty.
ND1:1363, ??? sloop, 20 tons, 3 men, Capt Joseph Mattingly, probably British, 13 Jan 1775, Annapolis to New Providence.

Kitty. ND3:1368, ND6:1006, sloop, Capt John Thompson, entered Baltimore from Providence, 29 May 1775.ND1:1372, 1381, ND5:1172, probably British sloop, Capt John Thompson, madenon-British cargo declaration, May 1775.Transport under convoy with Halifax 26 Sep 1776.

Kitty.
Mc:217, British snow, Gaspé to Barbados with oil and fish, captured Nov 1776 by the Alfred, 1st Lt John Paul Jones, and the Providence, and sent to RI.Some crewman listed in MAS.

Kitty.
ND8:820, ND9:535, ND10:1032, ND11:891n, British tender, Lt John Moore, RN, recaptures Northampton 25 Nov 1777.

Kitty.
ND3:1369, probably British ship, 10 men 150 tons, Capt Joseph Mallett, entered Baltimore from Hamburg 29 June 1775, making non-British cargo declaration. ND11:602, British transport, Capt J. Mallet, reported burned with a load of hay at Port Penn, DE, by Capt John Barry, in Mar 1778, along with the transport, Mermaid.(This reference also shows the ship burned by HMS Experiment, Brune, 9 Mar 1778.
Mc:34, ND11:560, British transport, captured and burned by barge flotilla in Mar 1778 at Delaware River, Capt John Barry.

Kitty.
CTN:171, Dandridge:205-207, H:241, British hulk used as a prison hospital ship in New York Harbor, possibly in 1777 or 1778.DaviesX:635, 2152, possibly a vessel under J. Meller, 1775-76.

Kitty.
Eller:470, apparently a British brig which had been captured out of Charleston in Dec 1780, recaptured by British Hope, left in Elizabeth River with HMS Charon.

-----Kitty.
ND3:23, 1176, ND4:129, ship, Capt Lott, a part of the Willing, Morris, & Comp. operations out of Philadelphia in 1776.

Kitty.
Appeals Case 69, brig, captured by NC ship General Nash, Capt Daniel Deshon, Oct 1778.

Kitty.
ND6:185, 828, schooner, Capt Stevens, moving guns and ammo for Willing, Morris, & Company, 14 Sep 1776.

Kitty.
Force:5:III:1526, R77:236, ND7:838, ND8:1063, American vessel, master Samuel Nicholls, Cape François to Philadelphia, captured 1 Jan 1777 by British Falcon.

Kitty.
C83, MD privateer, Capt Henry Darnell in 1778.He captured the British sloop Swift.

Kitty.
Robertson(1959):196, sloop captured by Jamaican privateer in 1778.

Kitty.
FordXVII695, 722, Bermuda sloop, Capt Joseph Basden, captured by French frigate at Turks Island.The case was referred by Cont. Congress to the Minister Plenipotentiary of France at Philadelphia.

Kitty.
Capture:48, 94, brig captured at LeHave, N. S., before 18 Mar 1780.This was likely the brig, master John Palmer, involved in court litigation with Lunenburg County Militia, 6 May 1784.Appeals:xxxxii, 162:8:70, the brig vs Deshon, and also 162:8:70, the case of Anthony and McClure vs the schooner John.

Kitty.
FordXV:1021, American sloop, Capt Elisha Gaine of CT, owners Edward Custis, and Isaac and Thoroughgood Smith Company, of VA, sent to Bermuda for salt, but he was captured by a French vessel and taken into Guadalupe and put in prison, with his vessel being condemned and sold.  Gaine had signed incriminating papers, as he understood no French.On appeal to Congress, Gaine was supported, but whether he recovered for any losses is not stated.Ford1779:488, 1021, Ford1780:695, 722.

Kitty.
NR:365, LCP:142/143, LM PA boat, 1 gun, 10 men, Capt Ebenezer Tucker, Sep 1780 (Record 1061)

Kitty and Nancy.
Force:5:III:1529, ND7:275, ND10:1204, British schooner, 95 tons, Capt Pinnock, captured by the American Putnam at Newfoundland/Nova Scotia, 22 Nov 1776.

Kitty Delaney.
ND10:241, American brig, Capt Willian Yardsley, captured by British Emeraud, 1777.

Kitty Meade.
NR:366, LCP:142/143, LM PA schooner, 7 guns, 15 men, Capt William Paul, Sep 1781 (Record 908).

Kortenaar/Cortenaar.
Dutch warship, stationed in wartime at the Texel, or returned there for refitting.VanMaanen, warship from Admiralty of the Maze, 64 guns, 450 men, Capt Hoofd, on stocks at Rotterdam Naval Yard, Aug 1780, launched 8 Jul 1781, sold and broken up, 1794.

Kykuit.
VanMaanen, either a Dutch Uitlegger (guard vessel), or a lootsschuiten (pilot boat), Admiralty of the Maze, 4 guns 25 men, Capt Walrave, active 1782. 

AMUnitJK, 3 Dec 2009.


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com