Back
to
Other
Granville Hough's Ship Listing E/F





AMERICAN MARITIME UNITS AND VESSELS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 1775-1783), (INCLUDING FRENCH AND SPANISH) (E-F)


by Granville W. Hough



-E/F-




In the following listings of vessels, boats were small open vessels propelled by oars or sails and included whaleboats, longboats, cutters, barges, flatboats, shallops, and similar vessels. They operated close to shore. Brigs and brigantines were two-masted vessels, most capable of transatlantic voyages. A brig could be rigged as a brigantine. Galleys were low, single-decked vessels propelled by oars or sails which were used for coastal and river defense. Schooners were small vessels of two or more masts rigged fore and aft, capable of carrying guns and fighting at sea. Sloops were small single-masted vessels rigged fore and aft. Pilot boats were light sloops required in harbors. Ships were ocean-going vessels of three or more masts, though large brigs or schooners were sometimes listed as ships. Ships used for prisons by the British and by the Americans were generally de-masted hulks. Prison ships are included as their records of prisoners are valuable.


Eagle.
ND2:1349, 1355, probably British sloop, 25 tons, Capt Peter Simon, St Lucia to Roanoke, in ballast, 18 April 1775. Active in West Indies trade. ND2:1358, sloop, 25 tons, Capt Peter Senior, to Antigua from Roanoke, 4 Jul 1775. (possible duplication or misreading.)

Eagle.
ND2:175, probably British vessel, active 1775. One Captain of a schooner may have been Elijah Freeman.

Eagle.
ND1:1130, British schooner, active 1775. ND3:743, schooner, Capt Langdon, proceeded to St Lucie, 12 Jan 1776.

Eagle.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:315, ND7:113, 166, 642, British ship, Capt Henry Barnes/Baines, Barbados to London, 200 tons, captured by Montgomery, 11 Apr 1776, and sold 27 Aug 1776.

Eagle.
ND1:860, 992, 1118, 1208, ND6:261, British transport, 359 men, 344 tons, Capt Gilbert Hay, active in 1775 and 23 Nov 1776.

Eagle.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, captured 1776. ND7:810, British schooner taken by rebels 27 Dec 1776.

Eagle.
M:122/3, British brigantine, captured in 1777 by MA vessels, cargo taken as a prize. ND8:771, 788, 819, Capt Samuel Holloway, captured by American Massachusetts, Tyrannicide 2 May 1777.

Eagle.
ND10:885, 920, probably British snow, Capt Michael Dove, recaptures Thames, 8 Oct 1777.

Eagle.
DaviesXIII:1471, 2191, British packet, Capt E. Spencer, captured but passenger and crew released, 1777/78. (See next entry.)

Eagle.
Allen:314, British snow, a packet from New York to Falmouth, captured 21 Sep 1778 by the American Vengeance, and taken into Coruna, Spain, where prisoners were exchanged. JA7:140, 183. DaviesXIV:264, XV:233, XVI:617, 620.

Eagle.
Cog:117, HMS vessel. Ford:96, ND10:435, probably a British packet, Capt Nicholas/Daniel Nichols (Royal Navy), involved in defense of the Delaware, with Capt Nicholas/Nichols being taken prisoner at Newcastle, reported 8 Nov 1777. ND11:1003, British packet boat, Capt Daniel Nichols, RN, used to request release of British prisoners from rebel vessels, 14 Feb 1778. Davies:XIV:59, 258, XV:63, 164, XVI:528, 2753, Lord Admiral Augustus Howe’s flagship, 1777 and 1778. (Two vessels may be involved in these records.) Volo:182. Syrett(1989):47, 96, 111.

Eagle.
ND11:1046, British brig, Capt J. Morgan, captured by American Alfred and Raleigh, 28 Feb 1778.

Eagle.
CTP:107, British sloop, 12 guns, New Providence to New York, captured 6 Jun 1779 by the CT sloop Hancock, Capt Peter Richards. This sloop was fitted out as a CT sloop under command of Capt David Brooks. C257. DaviesXI:109.

Eagle.
British privateer from Philadelphia, on a trip from St. Eustatius to Philadelphia was captured c 24 Aug 1779 by the American Confederacy.This vessel became an American 10 gun brigantine with a Cont. commission.

Eagle.
McMA:50, British brig, captured off the English coast by the MA Pilgrim, Apr 1781.

-----Eagle.
ND2:175, 355, American transport, Capt Maby, with 84 men, went aground in river some 15 miles or more from Quebec, Sep 1775. Probably the transport mentioned in ND1:860, 1008, 1193, 1208.

Eagle.
ND2:355, 1130, American schooner, selected for Washington’s fleet. Capt Sion Martindale had her rerigged as a brig and renamed Washington, Oct 1775. This may be the schooner chased but later released 25 Nov 1775.

Eagle.
ND6:126, 1267, VA sloop, Capt Francis Lennis, allowed to trade anywhere allowed by Congress, 14 Oct 1776.

Eagle.
ND6:1115, apparently an American schooner, captured by British Weazel, then recaptured by Washington, 1776.

Eagle.
Coggins:99, PANavy:69, 342, ND5:858, ND7:836, ND8:329, ND9:538, armed guard boat of 1 gun in PA Navy, Capt Jacob Hanse/Hance in Jul 1776, Capt Daniel Murphy in Feb 1777, active, 1776-78, crew listing 12 Apr 1777. C137, 216.

Eagle.
Smith:246, SC schooner. Dandridge:280, a schooner of this name was captured by the British in 1777 and the crew was taken to a transport prison ship. Ford1777:86.

Eagle.
R77:235, American ship, ND8:221, 1061, Capt George Johnson, from St Eustatia, taken by British Galatea, 13 Feb 1777.

Eagle.
H:149, 151, privateer from Dartmouth, taken by British and burned, 1777.

Eagle.
M:362, Force:5:III:1540, SCNavy:30, 53, ND11:105, 358, 800, SC armed pilot boat, Dec 1776, 1780. ND11:489, 800, 1778. ND7:159, 1312, Capt Stephen Duvall, 1776/77. Mwhipple:139, pilot schooner at Charlestown under master George House, sent to Georgetown during siege. Salley:31, and many other references, SC Navy pilot boat. C99, the Capt who took the schooner to Georgetown to get gunpowder was Stephen Duvall, 17 Feb 1777.

Eagle.
ND11:129, American sloop, Capt Hugh Gibson, captured by British schooner Laurel, Capt James Robinson, condemned at Antigua 16 June 1777.

Eagle. ND6:1287, ND7:251, C229, this may be the vessel under Capt Freeman Paine which by Sep 1776 had captured the ship Caledonia, Fanny, Venus, and others. Allen:120, M:96, ND8:140, ND9:7, ND11:35, MA privateer schooner, Oct 1776, 60 tons, 8 guns, 60 men, Capt Barzillai Smith, then in May 10, 1777 with 8 guns and 50 men, Capt Samuel Avery and Elijah Freeman Payne. Owners were P. D. Sargent and John Winthrop. ND9:981, ND10:7, 46, 89, MA privateer schooner, Capt Samuel Avery, captured British Bideford, Friendship, Polly, Spiers, c 1777. ND6:900 shows this Eagle to be a RI privateer schooner. ND9:725-26, RI LM schooner, Capt Mowry Potter, 8 Aug 1777. Morison:78, 85, this may be the RI privateer from which Capt John Paul Jones took deserters and impressed about 20 men. ND10:635, 780, RI privateer schooner, Capt Mowry Potter, captured by British Sphynx, 10 Dec 1777.

Eagle.
Eastman:69, Maclay:77-78, Smith:78, ND6:1330, 1331, CT privateer schooner, Capt Isaac Field, captured 5 vessels in 1776, ship Andeligonda Louisa, schooner Property, schooner Brittania, and in Feb 1777 a transport loaded with coal. Howard:80, this may be the CT River privateer in the West Indies in 1779. ND6:126, 1267, ND7:16, shows this Eagle to be a RI privateer schooner. CTP:73, CT privateer schooner, Capt Isaac Fields, 1777, made two captures. C34, this may be the CT schoner captured Sep 1779 by British frigate Daphne.

Eagle.
Allen:120, MA privateer brigantine, 10, 11 Mar 1778, 8 guns, 6 swivels, 45 men, Capt Elijah Luce, owners John Hinckley, Dimond Morton and others. C190, captured and arrived at Forton Prison 20 Oct 1778.

Eagle.
C33, 296, CTP:79, CT sloop, Capt Leveridge Stevens of Killingsworth, captured by British, 10 Jun 1778.

Eagle.
Connor:168 (1878), brig from Boston, taken in Oct 1778, and part of crew sent to Forton Prison.

Eagle.
Paullin:430, SC Navy vessel, 1779. The Eagle, Horner, Notre Dame, acting for the Navy of South Carolina in the Spring of 1779 captured the British sloop Prince of Wales and the British brig Royal Charlotte, both bound for GA with West Indies produce.

Eagle.
NR:279, CTP:73, LCP:74/75 (Record 712), NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT sloop, 6 guns, 30/50 men, Capt Edward Conkling, Nov 1778, captured the British Peter, Thomas and William, brig Ranger, schooner Hero, sloop Phebe, John, Three Friends, captured 8 May 1779, crew and Captain murdered, sloop taken to New York, where it blew up, taking along the British prize crew. Maclay:115, sloop of 6 guns and 30 men in action 1778, blown up in 1779 in New York. Appeals:xxxx, 162:6:50, FordXIV:699, in the case of Cook vs Conklin, case appealed to Cont. Congress, June 1779.

Eagle.
NR:279, LCP:74/75 (Record 1041), LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt John Ashmead, Jun 1779. PCOII:102, shown as a Continental brigantine. FordXVI:279, 286, 322, this brig was captured by British privateer vessels while it was under the protection of the forts of Saba, in violation of international law. Ford1780:279, 286, 322.

Eagle.
NR:279, CTP:74-75, LCP:74/75(Record 723), R80I:351, CTP:74-77, 112, 215, LM CT schooner, 10 guns 45 men, Capt David Brooks, May 1779, took one prize, but was itself captured in Oct 1779 and sent into New York. NLHS:I:IV:28, Capt Nicoll Fosdick is also listed. Appeals Case 61, schooner, Capt Nicholas Fosdick, involved in capture of schooner Barbary, Sep 1779.

Eagle.
PCO:231, 232, Continental schooner, Lt House in command, St Eustatius to a southern port, sought in 1780.

Eagle.
Allen:121, MA privateer ship, 2 Jun 1780, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Daniel McNeill, owners Samuel Higginson and others. Howe:408, Allen:121, C131, NH LM ship/Beverly privateer brig, 12 guns, 65 men, Capt William Groves 17 Jun 1780, captured by British cruiser 21 Jul 1780. Crewmen listed in MAS. Owners were James Lovett and Moses Brown.

Eagle.
Kaminkow:223, Capt John Fitzhenry (Prize Master), captured before Jul 1780. Originally of Bristol, England, taken by American privateer Bennington on way from Newfoundland, retaken by British Atalanta.

Eagle.
LCP:74/75(Record 306), MA LM ship, Capt Nathaniel Sargeant,

Eagle.
NR:279, LCP:74/75, C173, LM MD schooner, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt James Kenners/Kemer, Aug 1780.

Eagle.
Allen:121, C164, MA privateer brig from Salem, 14 guns, Capt Ambrose James, captured before 14 Sep 1780 in St Lawrence River and taken to Quebec.

Eagle.
Kaminkow:238, Capt William Smith, a British ship in American hands, recaptured by the Fly before Dec 1780.

Eagle.
Kaminkow:223, American vessel, captured Mar 1781, crew members to British prison.

Eagle.
CTP:74, 262, CT privateer sloop, Capt George House, made two captures before being taken by the British 26 Apr 1781, and sent into New York. CTP:262, Capt House of the privateer Eagle exchanged in May 1781.

Eagle.
R82I:237, Capture:25, American vessel, 140 tons, 9 men, Master Seth Storer, Salem to West Indies captured by British Chatham, 8 Oct 1781, in Boston Bay.

Eagle.
NR:279, LCP:74/75, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt James Starr, Aug 1781.

Eagle.
GWNavy:23, renamed the Washington, (please see).

Eagle.
Capture:25, brigantine from Salem to West Indies, master Seth Storer, captured 8 Oct 1781.

Eagle.
M880:3, schooner, Capt Archibald Duglas, in support of Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Eagle.
M880:4, schooner, Capt Henry Travis, supporting Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Eagle.
Appeals Case 82, CT armed vessel taking part in 1781 raids on Long Island, along with armed boats Hawk, James.

Eagle.
Kaminkow:223, American vessel, captured Feb 1782, crew members to British prison.

Eagle.
NavChronII:104, French frigate, 40 guns, 300 men, 1782, assisted the French Gloire on its attach on the British Hector off the Newfoundland coast.

Eagle.
Allen:121, Paine:455, MA privateer brig, 20 guns, 110 men, 1782, Capt John Leach.

Eagle.
C103, MD brigantine, 5 guns, 24 men, Capt R. Eward, Feb 1783.

Eansesindgheyd.
R81I:308, Dutch ship, Capt Andrew Christopher Dentz, from Middleburg, captured at Demerary by British privateers.

Eenfyeezindheid.
NavChronIV:373, Dutch warship, 36 guns, Capt W. L. Van Boritius, on convoy duty, Aug 1781. (possibly same as the above ship.)

Earl of Bute.
SchV:46, British armed ship, 20 guns, Capt B. Hill, lost in 1777 in the Gulf of Florida.

Earl of Chester.
SCNavy:9, SC prison ship, 1779.

Earl of Egmont.
ND6:452, ChapelleHL:84, British schooner, 74 tons, purchased in 1764, condemned vessel 21 June 1776.

Earl of Errol/Error.
R76II:267, ND7:300, 1118, ship, Capt John Bartlett, a 27 Nov 1776 prize from Granada, taken by Americans Beaver, Enterprise. R76III:313, Capt Bartlett, Grenada to London, 300 tons, 1776.

Earl of Glencairne.
Mc:450, Sheppard:119, British ship. Master Alexander McCall, captured 5/6 Aug 1779 by the frigates Boston and Deane at Nantucket Shoals, but recaptured later by the British Romulus.

Earl of Inchiquin.
ND4:1037, British tender which seized Dickinson (?vessel or person?) at King Road 14 Apr 1776.

Earl of London.
U:27, case of brig in court.

Earl Percy.
Force:5:III:1528, ND5:446, ND7:456, 1293, ND8:140, British schooner, Capt Nathaniel Atkins, sailed from Halifax 10 June 1776, Dominica to New York, captured by American Eagle, Sep 1776, libelled in MA Admiralty Court 24 Oct 1776. (One report shows capture as 28 Feb 1777, but it seems to be in error. DaviesXIV:126.

Eastern.
NR:188, record not noted.

Eastern Shore.
VANavy:152, GMB:39, boat, 1st Cruiser, Capt Francis Bright, 1 Apr 1776.

Eastern Shore.
GMB:40, VA Navy boat, 2d Cruiser, Capt Robert Cooke, Apr 1776,

Eastern Shore Betsey.
VANavy:152, boat, 1781.

Eastly/Easterly.
McM:152, R77:406, British snow, Capt William Austin/Anstill, from Newfoundland to Oporto, filled with fish, captured by American privateer Oliver Cromwell, at Bilboa, Spain in 1777. ND10:804, 854, libelled in MA Middle District, 13 Jan 1778.

Eayd.
Lux:202n14, ship,

Ebenezer.
ND4:468, An American vessel of this name is shown as captured by HM sloop Senegal, 23 Mar 1776. ND5:212, American schooner, Capt John Clemons, owner John Pedrick, captured 24 Mar 1776 by British Falcon.
This seems to duplicate the entry. GWA:120, Mc:216, Morison:65, ND4:468, ND5:213, ND6:1302, ND7:80, British schooner, Capt John Clemons, taken as a prize at Canso by the Providence, John Paul Jones, but it sank on a reef, 30 Sep 1776 or 26 Aug 1776.

Echarpe.
GM:???, apparently a French transport ship for troops in the West indies.

Echo.
SchV:49, British vessel, 18 guns, Capt J. Manley, lost in 1781 in Plymouth Sound.

Echo.
Peabody:232, British ship captured in 1783 in the West Indies by the Grand Turk, Capt Joseph Pratt, and sold in Martinique, Mar 1783 for 16, 324 livres.

L’éclair.
Annual Register 21:182, NavChronIV:331, French frigate, 16 guns, Capt de Flotte, in 1778 part of Count D’Estaing’s squadron.

Eclipse.
NR:279, LCP:74/75, VirginI:39, 44, LM MD sloop, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Jonathan Clarke, Jul 1778, trading with the West Indies in 1779.

Eclipse.
Connor:286 (1878), Malo:976, GWA:599-600, privateer cutter of Dunkirk, France, in wartime use, crew of 72, 1781-82. Barnes:134, C105, American Capt Nathaniel Fanning, 1781.

Ecold de Mars.
Bouvet:39, some sort of French medical facility mentioned in medical history.

Ecureuil.
Rice:I:118n, French gabare (armed transport) or corvette, 12 guns from Brest, with Rochambeau’s French Expeditionary Force to America, Jul 1780.

Edesto.
Mwhipple:128, SC galley used in defence of Charlestown in 1780.

Edward.
ND3:927, 1139, armed British sloop, being tended, or used as a tender, 11 Feb 1776.

Bryant:82, Mc:23, ND4:702, ND5:924, ND6:1027, ND7:95, ND9:149, M:244, British armed sloop tender, Lt Richard Boger/Boucher, captured 1/17 Apr 1776 off the Virginia Capes by the Lexington, Capt John Barry, and sent to Philadelphia, renamed the Sachem.
C17. Volo:92, 109, 262. Silverstone:91,

Edward.
ND6:472, sloop, one of Dunmore’s fleet vessels, taken by rebels 24 Aug 1776.

Edward.
ND10:1033, probably a British brig, Capt J. Cheevers, captured by True American off Cape Finneste Bay in 1777.

Edward.
ND10:354, probably British schooner, Capt Ralph Taylor, captured by American Dolphin, c 1777, cargo libelled in Middle MA District 30 Oct 1777.

Edward.
ND10:1206, British schooner, Capt Taylor, 65 tons, Nova Scotia fisherman, taken by the Lively, trial 5 May 1778.

-----Edward.
ND2:252, American sloop, Capt Benjamin Brown, at St Pierre, Martinique, 7 Oct 1775.

Edward.
ND6:1417, MD privateer schooner, Capt William Thomas, allowed to sail to Martinique 25 Oct 1776.

Edward.
R77:231, ND7:1308, ND8:1053, American schooner, Capt Samuel Arnold, from Baltimore, MD, captured by British Emerald, 3 Mar 1777. Crewmen listed in MAS. Eller:31, MA Board of War schooner, escaped the blockade of Chesapeake Bay and reached Baltimore, Jan 1777.

Edward.
Allen:121, NR:280, LCP:74/75, LM MA privateer brigantine, 3 guns, 12 men, 5 Nov 1780, Capt Alexander Wilson.

Edward.
Appeals Case 87, brig, Capt Samuel Goodhue, Lt of Marines Benjamin Allen, captured the schooner Good Fortune, master James McConnell, 11 Jul 1782.

Edward and Ann.
Mc:207, 346, R77:406, ND9:432, British vessel, Capt Edward Brown, Koningsberg to Liverpool, prize of the brig Lexington, Reprisal, Sally, Capt Henry Johnson, 20 Jun 1777.

Eendraght.
ND8:714, Dutch dogger, halted and searched for contraband, 26 Mar 1777.

Eensgezindheid.
VanMaanen, Dutch warship, Admiralty of Friesland, 36 guns, 230 men, under Capt Bouritus in 1779.

Eersten.
RM8:562, former British brig sold to Belgian firm and later captured by an American privateer, while the brig was on the way to Dominica with a British cargo which had been reloaded. The brig was condemned in Admiralty Court and sold. Ford22:117, the French and Belgians tried to reopen the case in Mar 1782.

Effingham, 1 gun.
Maclay:76, PANavy:338, ND1:1228, ND2:428, ND3:1322, ND4:1366, ND5:857, ND6:1446, 25 men, PA river galley, 1776-78. Paullin:377, R76I:364, Capt Allen Moore, 24 Aug 1775, added to state navy Aug 1776, PA Navy 1st Lt James Kirkpatrick, Apr 1777. ND7:834, ND8:307, ND9:974, ND10:29, 468, Capt Hugh Montgomery. C175, 211, 210. (Paullin:386, this may be the galley to which Lt Samuel Ford was attached when he deserted to the British. He was court-martialed and hanged.)

Effingham.
ND8:866, American brig, Capt Drew, captured by British Valiant, 14 May 1777.

Effingham, 28 guns, 1777.
GWA:701, ND3:1051, ND4:774, ND5:497, ND6:1200, ND7:11, ND8:702, ND9:379, ND10:832, ND11:560n, Smith:81, 125, 177, Blatchford:101, Fowler:231, Continental Navy frigate, Capt John Barry, destroyed, unfinished, in Delaware river, 4 May 1778 to prevent capture. Ford1779:432. JA6:143, 144, 7:281. Volo:90, 92, 132. Paullin:517, served 1777-1778. Chapelle:75, 78. Coggins:203.

Effingham.
Allen:121, MA privateer ship, 350 tons, 8 guns, 24 men, Sep 1778, Capt Joseph Costin, owners James Swan and others.

Effingham.
Mill:138, privateer ship taken Jan 1779, crew sent to Mill Prison, Mar 1779.

Egmont (HMS). ND1:426, ND3:1402, 1406, British schooner, 74 guns, 300 men, Lt Richard Lock, stationed at Newfoundland, commissioned Sep 1770. ND4:993, British schooner, Lt Alexander Christie, stationed at Newfoundland 23 Mar 1776. ND5:1368, ND6:504, ND7:717, Capt John Elphinston, RN, complement of men established 29 Oct 1776. ND9:690, Capt Alexander Allen, 2 Aug 1777. Volo:262. Syrett(1989):95.

Egmont. SchV:43, JA8:372, ND10:861, ND11:898, British naval schooner, 8 guns, Capt J. Gardiner, captured 14 Jul 1779 off the banks of Newfoundland, by the American privateer, Wild Cat. Volo:262, sloop, 10 guns. Silverstone:92, 10 guns.

Eilbeck.
ND1:1297, ND2:994, ND3:661, ND4:1217, ND5:173, a new Tory ship in VA, rigging brought from Whitehaven by the snow Unicorn, Sep 1775, fired on Williamsburg 6 Jan 1776. Selby:56, Lord Dunmore appropriated it for himself and renamed it Dunmore.

Elbert.
ND11:445, SC privateer sloop, Capt William Ranking, cast away on Albaco, New Providence Island, rescued 28 Feb 1778.

Eleanor.
NantucketDL:369, probably British or Tory ship, along with the Nantucket whalers Beaver, Dartmouth, arrived in Boston in 1773 with tea from England, and the cargoes of the three were dumped into the water by the Boston Tea Party.

Eleanor.
ND1:1280, probably British ship, Capt George Buchanan, active 11 Aug 1775.

Eleanor.
ND1:1100, probably British vessel, Capt Oswald, active 8 Aug 1775.

Eleanor.
R77:406, British vessel, Capt John Bailey, captured on the Banks of Newfoundland, 21 Oct 1777. ND10:924, this must be the brig captured by the Pluto and the Hancock.

Eleanor/Eleonora.
DaviesX:426, XIII:44, 50, 96, Danish ship with gunpowder on board detained by British at Hull, Dec 1776. ND5:963, Capt Brothe, may be this vessel.

-----Eleanor.
Hinman:473, CT sloop, Capt Benjamin Horton, permit to transport flour for Charles Caldwell to Bedford, MA, to exchange for salt, Jul 1777. Cog:12, possibly this vessel.

Eleanor.
R82I:238, American vessel, 140 tons, 8 men, captured by the British Pearl, 1781.

Elegante.
ND11:48, 113, American/French snow, Capt Colenau, captured by British Emerald and Richmond, 6 Jan 1778.

Elephant (HM).
ND6:604, ND7:757, ND8:230, British storeship lost from Thames convoy 31 Mar 1777. ND9:31, ND10:97, ND11:150, Lt Benjamin Bechinoe, RN, off New York 5 June 1777 and at Newport 17 Jan 1778. R82I:97, ship at Mauritius, Jan 1781. DaviesXIV:56, 201, supply ship.

Eley.
C5, British sloop of Long Island, NY, captured by the CT boat Kingfisher, Capt Jedediah Andrews, May 1781.

Eli.
CTPR75/76:120, 4 guns mounted on this CT brig, May 1775, which was renamed in state service.

Elie/Elia.
Kaminkow:223, American vessel captured and crew members to British prison, but no other info.

Eligante.
Eller:329, French snow, turned over to British by militia on the Rappahannock River, VA, 1777.

Elijah/Eliza. Kaminkow:223, C113-114, British vessel, Capt Hamilton Foster, on way from Jamaica to Glasgow, taken 15 Nov 1781, by American Grand Turk, recaptured by British 21 Nov 1781.

Elinor.
ND6:608, British ship, Capt Graves, from Barbados & Bristol, 22 Sep 1776.

Eliot.
CTP:209, British brig, London to New York, Capt Francis Squires, cargo of flour and merchandise, captured Aug 1779 by CT sloop Revenge and the Argo. C246.

Eliza.
RM9:781, British brig, captured by the Hague, sold in St. Pierre, Martinique, by Joseph Diant, Dec 1782.

-----Eliza.
Billias:78, Hearn:29, ND2:387, an MA schooner re-named the Franklin 10 Oct 1775 as a Continental schooner. Fowler:25. Nelson:119.

Elizabeth/Eliza.
ND1:1373, probably American schooner, 35 tons, 5 men, Capt Nathaniel Cook, active in 1775, Annapolis to Antigua with fish and corn. ND3:1368, 1369, entered Baltimore from Salem, MA, 26 Jun 1775, made non-British declaration.

Eliza.
NR:280, LCP:74/75, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt John Vicary, Apr 1782.

Eliza.
NR:280, CTP:80, 184, LCP:74/75, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT schooner, 8 guns, 40 men, Capt William Leeds, May 1782, took one prize, then sold the Eliza in Havana. The prize may have been the brig William, Capt William Corson, which the CT brig Hancock and the CT sloop Randolph had helped capture.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1361, 1375, probably British schooner, 180 tons, 11 men, Capt William Campbell, probably British, active 24 Dec 1774 and 1775, Annapolis to Barcelona with wheat, then from Londonderry with servants.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1365, probably British schooner, 100 tons, 7 men, Capt John Brown, active 11 Feb 1775, Chester to Falmouth, with wheat and staves.

Elizabeth.
British brig captured by Capt John Manly on 5 Mar 1775, during the American siege of Boston from Dorchester Heights.

Elizabeth.
ND1:156, 172, probably British snow, Capt Samuelson, at Norfolk from Bristol, 21 Mar 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1369, 1379, probably British snow, 150 tons, 7 men, Capt James Smith, 29 April 1775 and 11 May 1775, Annapolis to Falmouth with corn, wheat, flour, and staves.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1371, probably British schooner, 50 tons, 6 men, Capt James Clarke, active 27 May 1775, Annapolis to Falmouth with wheat, bread, and staves.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1341, ND4:1050, British storeship or ordnance vessel, Capt John Toone, entered Roanoke from Dundee 30 Jun 1775. ND2:1346, 1353, British brig, 100 tons, Capt Andrew Peddie, Dundee to Roanoke, in ballast, June 1775, then back with tobacco and staves.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1382, ship, probably British, 20 men, 250 tons, Master Thomas Spencer, to Annapolis from Bristol 23 Jun 1775. ND3:1368, 1369, ship, Capt Thomas Spencer, entered Port of Baltimore from Bristol 27 Jun 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:303, 311, 1304, 1355, probably British transport, active 5 Aug 1775 at Whitehall.

Elizabeth.
ND2:1350, 1360, probably British schooner, 30 tons, Capt James Watts, St. Christophers to Roanoke, 7Aug 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:6, ship, probably British, Capt Robert Johnston, Londonderry to Chesapeake Bay 1 Dec 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND4:894, probably British vessel, Capt Russel, lost coming from London but cargo saved 8 Feb 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND4:402, British snow, Capt Abraham Figtree, St Augustine to London, 18 Mar 1776. Possibly the transport mentioned in ND6:1141, ND7:750.

Elizabeth (1).
GWNavy:189, 233, British merchant brig captured 2 Apr 1776 by Capt Waters. Volo:167.

Elizabeth.
Mc:286, ND5:848, ND6:831, ND7:59, 273, British brig, 140 tons, Capt Peter Ramsey, Boston to Nova Scotia, captured Apr 1776 tried 20 Aug 1778, by Continental squadron, Hancock, Lee, Lynch, taken to Portsmouth, NH. ND4:1390, kept prisoners in Boston 3 May 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND4:896, ND7:725, 1263, British transport, Capt Robert Campbell, in Dover from Philadelphia, 10 May 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND6:296-97, British sloop, Capt Robert Burchall, captured by MD privateer Enterprise, Capt David Campbell, Aug 1776, then returned so it could land prisoners.

Elizabeth.
ND6:731, 820, 978, British brigantine, Capt William Ryson Johnson, captured by American privateers including Andrew Doria, and sent into Providence, 24 Sep 1776.

Elizabeth (2).
GWNavy:130, 131, 167, 233, British merchant brig captured Nov 1776 by Capt Manley’s squadron.

Elizabeth.
Force:5:III:1528, ND4:977, ND7:794, British brig, Capt William Babson/Butson, Oporto to Bristol, 100 tons, captured by Washington, 20 Nov 1776.

Elizabeth.
Emmons:40/41, ND7:642, British brig captured by the Andria Doria 9 Sep 1776, but recaptured by the British. ND7:109, one of Dunmore’s fleet vessels which took in slaves 11 Nov 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND7:104, 141, British brig, Capt Thomas Edwards, captured by American Lee, 13 Nov 1776.

Elizabeth.
Emmons:48/49, British brig, captured by the American Saratoga, Capt J. Young.

Elizabeth.
McM:382, British sloop, prize of MD vessel, returned to Antigua, 1776.

Elizabeth.
M:156, McMA:44, British sloop, prize of MA state brig Independence, 1776.

Elizabeth.
R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Grinley, Borowstoness to Minorca, captured 1776.

Elizabeth.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:1264, British Army Transport, Capt Alexander Hope, London to Leeward Islands, 200 tons, captured 1776. R77:108 shows a vessel of this name, Capt Hope, London to Leeward Islands, as retaken in 1777.

Elizabeth.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Moulpied, St. Croix to Guernsey, 140 tons, 1776.

Elizabeth.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Rayson, Cape Fear to Antigua, 1776.

Elizabeth.
Force:5:III:1528, ND8:701, British ship, Capt Thorp, London to Leeward Isles, captured by American Rattle Snake, General Mifflin, 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND7:1092, British vessel, captured in 1776/77 by American Sturdy Beggar.

Elizabeth.
ND7:265, vessel returned to Martinique, Capt Laugier, 1776, which probably means it was American, but it could have been British.

Elizabeth.
ND7:642, brig, probably British, captured by Andrew Doria 11 Apr 1776.

Elizabeth.
M:173, McMA:31, Hearn:201-202, ND7:104, ND10:1204, British brig, 130 tons, Capt Thomas Edwards, Halifax to Jamaica, captured in Nov 1776 by Continental schooner Lee, Capt Daniel Waters, trial 17 Dec 1776. R77:108, British vessel, Capt Edwards, 1777, probably the same.

ND10:1204, M:170, another, or the same vessel, Capt Peter Ramsey (Royal Navy) is shown captured the same day by the same person, probably a double entry.

Elizabeth.
ND6:1469, Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British sloop, Capt Thomas Ludlow, Jr, from Jamaica, list of supplies taken 31 Oct 1776, captured by rebels 27 Dec 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND7:1264, British brig, captured by American Lion, late 1776. ND8:1062, British ship, Capt William Garnet, captured by Americans, then recaptured by British Milford, 1777. CTP:148, ND7:1264, British brigantine, Capt William Garnett, Liverpool to Antigua, captured by CT ship Lyon, Capt Timothy Shaler, 23 Feb 1777, recaptured by British Milford, 23 Feb 1777. C277.

Capture:26, 277, British brigantine captured by the Lion, Capt Timothy Shaler from CT, in Jan 1777, then retaken by British Milford and sent to Halifax.

Elizabeth.
ND8:701, British ship, Capt Thorpe, captured by American Rattlesnake, General Mifflin, 22 Mar 1777.

Elizabeth.
R77:108, ND7:1092, ND8:342, ND9:179, British ship, Capt Joseph Snowball, Corke to New York, captured by American Sturdy Beggar 2 Feb 1777, and libelled 24 Mar 1777. JA6:256, this may be the British ship captured and sold.

Elizabeth.
ND8:461, probably British sloop, Capt William Peirut, captured by privateers, 28 Apr 1777.

Elizabeth.
M:213, British sloop, Capt Lawrence Galaghere, captured by American Saratoga, c 1780.

Elizabeth.
ND8:858, ND9:407, 423, British ship, Capt Benjamin Hughes, captured Three Sisters, 16 June 1777.

Elizabeth.
R77:406, ND9:324, British ship, Capt Byrne, Liverpool to West Indies, captured by American Fly, 5 Jul 1777. Possibly JA6:256, 387.

Elizabeth.
R77:406, ND9:483, British brig, Capt Douting/Dowling, belonging to Corke, captured by Warren, 9 Jul 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND10:937, British brig, Capt Philip Amy, captured 24 Oct 1777 by the True American.

Elizabeth.
ND10:804, 1206, British schooner, Capt John Young, captured c 1777 by the Washington, trial 13 Jan 1778 in MA Middle District.

Elizabeth.
ND10:15-16, British brigantine, 80 tons, captured c 1777 by the Trenton, libelled 7 Oct 1777.

Elizabeth.
CTP:146, 255, British sloop, 30 tons, Capt John Noorstrant, to New York with fuel and cider for the British Army, captured 15 Dec 1777 by the CT sloop Lucy.
C275.

Elizabeth.
ND11:187, British LM ship, 140 tons, captured John Wilkes 14 Jan 1778.

Elizabeth.
ND10:1206, ND11:435, British sloop, Capt James Littlefield, Passamaquiddy to West Indies, taken by the Congress, 28 Mar 1778.

Elizabeth.
McM:390, British ship captured by MD vessel, 1777. JA6:256, 271, 386, British ship, Capt Thomas Anquetil, captured and sold. McM:85, Mc:445, Sheppard:91, British brig, Capt Anquetil, prize of MA Boston, Capt Samuel Tucker, 23 Jun 1778, sent into L’Orient, France..

Elizabeth.
McMA:150, British brig, captured 27 Aug 1779 by MA privateer General Mifflin.

Elizabeth.
ND9:538, C249, this may be the British ship taken by an American privateer 11 June 1777, then about Sep 1779 recaptured by the British Quebec.

Elizabeth.
ND10:1207, British sloop, Capt Andrews, 50 tons, Halifax to Lunenburg, N. S. taken by Blackbird, trial 22 Oct 1779.

Elizabeth.
ND10:1207, British sloop, Capt Tufts, 80 tons, Nova Scotia fisherman, taken by William Nickles, 23 Nov 1779.

Elizabeth.
British ship, Capt John Brown, captured in May 1780 by NH privateer ship Aurora.

Elizabeth.
Mc:451, British sloop of war, captured and sold in 1781 by MA privateer Thorn, Capt Samuel Tucker.

Elizabeth.
FordXIX:233, apparently a British or suspect Tory brig, Master John Goodwin, Daniel Leary, mate, John Young, Jeremy Bryan, Bartholomew Bryan, and John French, and two boys, as mariners, captured and crew imprisoned in PA, to be released on parole, Mar 1781.

Elizabeth.
Sands:193, British ship-rigged vessel, 400 tons, chartered to the British government by its owner, Mr. Joseph Holt of Whitby, as a navy victualer, then rigged as a fire ship by 13 Jan 1781, was sent to Yorktown and was sunk there, Oct 1781. DaviesXIX:1939.

Elizabeth.
DaviesXIX:178, 1059, Danish sloop, captured by British and libeled in Admiralty Court at St. Christophers, 15 Sep 1781.

----- Elizabeth.
ND1:1362, probably American schooner, 100 tons, 13 men, Capt Morto Downey, active 27 Dec 1774, Annapolis to Tortola, with corn, wheat, and boards.

Elizabeth.
ND1:942, American sloop, Capt Cornelius Conkling, to deliver 2 cargoes of provisions to Portsmouth from New York, captured 21 May 1775 off Long Island by British Canceaux and Scarborough, taken to Boston where cargoes were sold.

Elizabeth.
ND1:744, probably American sloop, 15 tons, Capt Joshua Smith, active at port of Carrituck 23 June 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1382, probably American schooner, 250 tons, 20 men, Capt Thomas Spencer, Liverpool to Annapolis in ballast, made non-British declaration June 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1373, schooner, probably American, Master Nathaniel Cook, from Annapolis to Antigua 12 Jul 1775.

Elizabeth.
Davies:XI:63, 126, 128, schooner which was renamed Liberty, for GA Navy Capt Oliver Bowen, 1775. C29.

Elizabeth. ND1:1388, 1393, ship, probably American, Capt James Barron, from James River port to London 14 Aug 1775 with tobacco and staves. Eller:171, merchantman in which Capt James Barron made two trips to England, 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND2:695-697, ??? brig, Capt William Robinson, probably American, stopped and detained by British sloop Speedwell, 31 Aug 1775.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1160, ND2:1375, American ship, Capt Thomas Ashburn, Grenada to Piscataqua, captured near Boston by the British Rose, cargo taken for British army, and ship released, Aug 1775.

Elisabeth.
ND1:1050 Newberry, MA, vessel, from Havre de Grasse in ballast, stopped by HMS Canceaux, which impressed 5 of its crewmen, Aug 1775.

Elizabeth.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:1:2, the vessel and cargo vs Wentworth.

Elizabeth.
ND2:1377, American brig, Capt Mark Dennett, from Montserratt to Portsmouth with rum and sugar, captured by British sloop George, in Portsmouth Oct 1775. Fowler:37.

Elizabeth.
ND3:668, 829, American brig, Capt Phillip Sullivan, owner John Scott, with salt and brandy, captured Jan 1776 near Charleston, by British Polly.
ND4:1230, brig, Capt Philip Sullivan, captured by HMS Tamer at a cut out of Stono 5 Jan 1776. ND4:1231, brig, Capt Philip Sullivan, eventually foundered at sea.

Elizabeth.
ND3:1191, American schooner, from Annapolis, MD, captured 9 Feb 1776 at Antigua by British Viper.

Elizabeth.
ND4:977, brig, Capt William Babson of Boston, in Mar 1776, seeking gunpowder in Spain and France.

Elizabeth.
ND4:1376, ND11:124, American schooner, Capt Benjamin Davis, from VA, captured by the British Viper, Capt Samuel Graves, in Windward Islands, West Indies, 1776, condemned at Antigua, 12 Mar 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND5:212, sloop, Capt and owner James Woglum, Cape François to RI, captured 19 Mar 1776 at New York by the British Cerberus.
Capture:26-27, shows the capture of a brigantine at the beginning of June, off Long Island.

Elizabeth.
ND4:453, brig, Master Barnabas Deane, permit requested to load supplies at New York 22 Mar 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND2:1358, sloop, 20 tons, Capt John Chase, to Gibraltar from Roanoke, with rum, fish, and staves, May 1775 and 15 Aug 1775. ND3:1351, ND4:1377, ND5:331, ND11:125, American sloop, Capt John Chace, from Roanoke to West Indies, captured by the Pomona, in Windward Islands, 31 Mar 1776, tried at St Johns, Antigua and condemned 18 May 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND4:68, ND5:306, Force:5:III:1524, Lewisohn:17, Capture:26-27, American brigantine, Capt Joseph Lippit, St Eustatius to Providence, captured 30 May 1776 by British Cerberus.

Elizabeth.
ND5:614, American schooner, from Canso, Nova Scotia, to Portland, Capt Joseph Cook, was captured in June 1776 and his vessel robbed and pillaged. He was given back his schooner, without crew, which he was forced to sell to get passage money back to New England.

Elizabeth.
ND5:346, American brig condemned as a legal prize, 29 June 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND5:1233, American vessel, mentioned in 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND1:1050, probably American vessel, chased by British Chanceauz and men impressed 3 Aug 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND4:644-645, NY brigantine, Capt John Palmer, given certificate to sail, Apr 1776.

ND6:501, ND7:470, brig, Capt John Palmer, sailed from French port in Mediterranean 7 Aug 1776, captured by Eagle 13 Dec 1776.

Elizabeth. Robertson(1959):41, merchant brig from St Domingue captured by British in 1776 and sent to Jamaica where she was condemned as America-bound if not America-owned.

Elizabeth.
GWNavy:27-30, leased to Washington and renamed the Franklin. (Please see.)

Elizabeth, merchant ship owned by William Bingham, 1776. Smith:284, American merchant brig. Maclay:90, this may be the wartime privateer mentioned.

Elizabeth.
ND7:265, American ship Capt Laugier, returned to Martinique and went to Charlestown 23 Nov 1776.

Elizabeth.
ND10:723, ND9:628, ND8:83, American schooner, Capt J. Bankson, recaptured by British Hawke, 21 Jan 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND11:129, American sloop, Capt Stafford Dickenson, captured by British sloop Reprisal, Capt William Bell, condemned 20 Feb 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND11:451, American sloop, loaded with molasses, etc, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Batemen, 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND8:819, ship, Capt Welsh, probably American, grounded en route to Norway, 28 Mar 1777.

Elizabeth/Elesabeth.
ND8:28, snow, Capt Pierre Riphaigne, Mar 1777, sent to West Indies, on other information.

Elizabeth.
ND8:305, American brigantine, Capt Joseph Lippit, lists POWs 9 Apr 1777.

Elizabeth. ND7:504, 595, 852, ND9:158, MA privateer schooner, Capt Joseph/Joshua Bartlet, chartered 17 Dec 1776, captured by British Hinchinbrook, 18 June 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND9:427, American brigantine captured by British Valiant, 25 June 1777.

Elizabeth. ND9:52, ND11:184-185, American sloop captured by British Mermaid, May 1777, and sent to Annapolis 8 June 1777. Capture:26, brigantine loaded with powder, arms, and dry goods for New York, captured off Long Island in June, year not stated, probably 1777. Capture:27, sloop captured before 11 Jul 1777, probably by Capt James Hawker of HMS Mermaid, possibly one of those above.

Elizabeth.
ND9:697-98, ND11:186, American sloop, Capt Barzillai Swain, captured by British Milford and sent to Halifax, 3 Aug 1777. (This may be the vessel reported as Hepsibeth.)

Elizabeth.
Robertson(1959)102, Toth:175, sloop of Woodstock, CT, Capt Sandford Munroe, enroute to Hispanola, captured by British in 1777 and taken to Jamaica.

Elisabeth.
NR:280, CTP:81, LCP:74/75(Record 682), ND9:628, ND10:590, 723, ND11:130, LM CT schooner, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Uzziel Clarke, captured 5 Sept 1777 by British Hawke, condemned 12 Dec 1777. CTP:266, he had brought salt from St Croix in July. ND11:130, American schooner, Capt Uzziel Clarke, captured by British schooner Hawke, Capt Edward Barnes, condemned 9 Jan 1778 at Antigua. NLHS:I:IV:28 shows Capt N. Clarke, probably a misreading.

Elizabeth.
ND11:453, American brig loaded with dry goods, captured by British Antelope, Capt Will Judd, Dec 1777.

Elizabeth. ND10:819, ND11:452, Boston brig loaded with dry goods, captured by British Badger, Capt Michael J. Everitt, 28 Dec 1777.

Elizabeth.
ND11:599, a schooner, apparently in American possession in Plymouth, MA, in Mar 1778.

Elizabeth.
Capture:26, brigantine, master Thomas Howe, Bordeaux to New York, captured 2 May 1778 off Cape Ann by HMS Rainbow.

Elisabeth.
NR:280, LCP:74/75(Record 1000), C3, LM PA/Cont sloop, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Charles Alexander, Nov/Dec 1778.

Elizabeth.
Ford1776:751, 835, 848, 870; Ford1778:173; Ford1781:233, American brigantine.

Elizabeth.
CTRec:604, CT privateer schooner, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt N. Clark.

Elizabeth.
Kaminkow:223, American Capt William Pritchard, in what was originally a British ship, retaken by British before Sep 1779.

Elizabeth.
NR:280, LCP:74/75, LM PA brig, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt George McElroy/McAroy, Mar 1780.

Elizabeth.
Allen:122, NR:281, LCP:74/75(Record 254), LM MA privateer brigantine, 6/8 guns 15/20 men, Capt Simon Mansis, 16 Dec 1779, and Capt Michael Hopkins, 15 Aug 1780.

Elizabeth.
Appeals Case 72, Mc:526, small sloop recapture by the Continental sloop Saratoga, Capt John Young, and sent to Philadelphia, Sep 1780. Mc:527, 528, prize of Continental sloop Saratoga, Capt John Young, captured Oct 1780, retaken by British and prize crew to Mill Prison, Jan 1781.

Elizabeth.
R82I:97, ship at Mauritius, Jan 1781.

Elizabeth.
Hoadly:III:352, small MA schooner, Master Joseph Swain, of Nantucket, purchased food supplies in CT and moved them to Nantucket, Mar 1781.

Elizabeth.
CC:M247, R148, #137, RM5:453, brig, NC to St. Thomas, captured by British, then re-captured in Apr/May 1781 by American frigate Deane, Capt Samuel Nicholson, and sent to Boston. RM9:819, sold by 1783.

Elizabeth.
RM7:314, American vessel, Capt John Cornelius, due to arrive in Philadelphia in Jan 1783, was captured by British and taken into New York. RM8:30, 661, a ship on which Thomas Barclay had shipped supplies and had insured for 40,000 livres, was captured by British and taken into New York, but the insurers refused to pay.

Elizabeth.
R81II:260, American brig taken 18 May 1781 by British Warwick.

Elizabeth.
Allen:122, NR:281, LCP:74/75(Record 103), LM MA privateer ship, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Nathaniel Cutting of Newburyport, 1 Dec 1781.

Elizabeth.
Allen:122, NR:281, LCP:74/75, LM MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt Samuel West of Salem, 1 Nov 1781 (Record 139), and Capt Clifford Byrne of Salem, 20 Dec 1781 (Record 99).

Elizabeth.
Allen:122, NR:281, LCP:74/75(Record 164), LM MA privateer brig, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Ichabod Clarke, 31 Jul 1782. Paine:455, show Clifford Byrne was also Capt.

Elizabeth’s Blessing.
ND8:705, British ship, Capt Boze, captured by American privateers, 9 Feb 1777.

Elizabeth Christine/Christiana.
VirginI:75, 77, 78, Lewisohn:41, DaviesXIII:1403, 2096, XVI:227, 1349, Danish vessel moving American cargo captured in 1779 by British privateers, restored to Danish control, 1779/80.

Elizabeth and Hannah.
ND6:759, CTPR75/76:517, Hinman:385, prize British schooner of the CT Spy, prize master Zebadiah Smith, sent to New London for condemnation, 9 Sep 1776.

Elizabeth & Mary.
ND8:595, ship, Capt Peter Young, probably American, sailed from Paris to North America 19 Feb 1777. Ford1779:806, 898, 919.

Elizabeth & Mary.
ND1:1372, 1831, ND3:1368, probably American brig, 45 tons, 5 men, Capt William Lightbourn, Annapolis to Barbados, then entered Baltimore from Bermuda, 28 May 1775, made non-British declaration.

Elizabeth and Nancy. Howard:137, 138, 265, merchant ship of Salem MA in West Indies trade in 1783.

Elize.
ND1:119, American sloop, Capt DeCamp, Charleston to New York, 20 Feb 1775.

Elk.
CTP:214, CT sloop, Capt Israel Bishop, 1 Jun 1779, to transport provisions from New Haven to Guadaloupe.

Ellen.
McPA:311, British brig, New York to Cork, prize of PA Holker, Sep 1779.

-----Ellen.
ND7:494, 566, 1097, MA Privateer schooner, chartered by MA Board of War, Capt Ichabod Morton, 16 Dec 1776.

Elliot.
Force:5:III:1528, DaviesX:418, ND5:280, ND7:782, British brig, Capt Francis Squires, Oporto to London, 120 tons, taken by American privateer Sturdy Beggar off Portugal in Dec 1776, and retaken by its crew, 1776.

Elliott.
Eastman:57, British merchant brig captured by Americans and sent to New London.

-----Elliott/Ellyatt.
ND5:331, ND11:125, whaling brig from NY, Capt William Hallock, captured off Barbados 19 May 1776 by British Hawke, Capt Robert Palliser Cowper, tried at English Harbor, Antigua and condemned 19 June 1776.

Elliott.
ND9:238, American schooner, Capt Pitt, captured 22 May 1777 by Antiguan privateer Reprisal.

Ellis.
ND8:724, British ship, Capt Henley, burned Mar 1777.

Ellis.
ND11:1059, British ship, Capt T. Jolly, captured Endeavor, Nancy.

-----Ellis.
SchV:57, French frigate, 28 guns 68 men, Capt Fonteneaux captured in Sep 1779 in the West Indies by the squadron under Admiral Rodney after the Siege at Savannah. It was added to the Royal Navy. It was at Grenada in 1779.

Elna.
ND6:450, probable American sloop, 4 men, Capt William Gamble, sails from French port in Mediterranean, 7 Aug 1776.

Elphiston.
British brig captured in Apr 1780 by PA brigs Argo and Fair American.

Elphistone.
ND8:394, British ship, burned 13 Apr 1777 by American Sachem.

Elsy.
CTP:142, British sloop, 2 guns, captured south side of Long Island, 20 May 1781.

Emerald (HMS). ND3:370, 757, ND4:1117, ND5:1358, ND6:1424, ND7:1204, ND8:954, ND9:338, ND10:771, ND11:414, British warship, 32 guns, 220 men, Capt Benjamin Caldwell, RN, captured several American vessels, including Alexander, Ann, Betsey, Charming Nancy, Delaware, Hope, Kitty, Delaney, Nancy, Phoenix, Polly and others. M:208, 210, 382. DaviesXII:245, 270, XIV:57, 176, XV:66, 288, JA9:70. Chapelle:67. Syrett(1989):24, 54.

Emerald.
Sands:193, British transport of 215 tons, Capt William Tindall, carried troops to Virginia in early June 1781 and was reported sunk at Yorktown in Oct 1781. There is some belief that this vessel was raised to become the frigate next listed.

L’Emeraude/Emerald.
RM5:245-246, French frigate at Newport in 1782 which was to go to the West Indies to pick up specie to be brought to the U. S. Kennett:162, RM7:272, this frigate also took dispatches to France in early 1783 when it was moving troops from Boston to France.

Emille.
R82I:117, French navy vessel from Brest, 180 men, Lt Pierre Scolan, captured by British, Dec 1781.

Eminence.
Dandridge:186, VANavy:163, 174, sloop of VA Navy with 1 howitzer impressed into state service in 1781, Capt Wright Wescott. GMB:35, at Turkey Island, 22 Mar 1781.

L’Empereur.
American or French brig, Capt Beruaa/Boruau Durcourdroy, captured 2 June 1777 by British Roebuck and tenders Ballahoo, George Washington.

Empress of China.
NR:201. DaviesXIX:432, 2448, Cohen:214, Boston vessel, 360 tons, Boston to China, via Cape Horn, Aug 1783, and another vessel via Cape Hope. RM4:498, as this vessel reached China and returned in 1784, it set a record. Its wartime service was limited, but its crewmen were probably veterans. Capt John Green was its master on the China trip.

Emperor of Germany.
R77:406, British vessel, 160 tons, 11 men, Bristol to West Indies, taken and retaken, 1777. ND10:616, ND1:1364. 1375, Capt John Richards, Bristol to Dominico & Jamaica, captured by American Civil Usage, recaptured by British privateer King of Spain 6 Aug 1777.

Emperor of Germany. Portsmouth, Swallow, 14 Nov 1777.

Emperor/Empress of Russia.
Russia 13 Feb 1776. ND10:515, renamed Vigilant 16 Nov 1777. Nelson:204.

L’Empereur.
ND9:7, 124, Buel:296, French brig, Capt Boruau Durcourdroy, captured by British Roebuck and tenders Ballahoo, General Washington, 1777, and sent to New York City.

Encourageante.
Villiers:299, French vessel, escorted convoy Martinique to France, 1779.

Endeavor.
ND2:394, probably British schooner, Capt Richard Harden, paid fees at Oxford, MD, April 1775.

Endeavor.
ND2:1354, probably British sloop, 30 tons, Capt Phineas Gilbert, for Barbados from Roanoke, with corn, Dec 1774. ND1:908, sloop Capt J. Adinger, dispatches sent to Beaufort 17 Jul 1775, possibly the same vessel.

Endeavor.
ND4:403, ND5:1281, ND6:972, Smith:55, British sloop under Capt Charles Walker engaged to move war materials captured at New Providence in 1776, Elisha Hinman to be American Master. ND9:130, British sloop, Capt Charles Walker, taken by Hopkin’s fleet, 17 June 1776. ND5:1281, one report stated Charles Walker was paid for use of the sloop which was returned to him; and another report stated the vessel was later purchased by the State of CT and refitted as the Defence.

Endeavor.
Force:5:III:1528, ND1:185, 205, ND7:115, ND10:1204, British schooner, Capt Michael Dyer, Bermudas to Halifax, 120 tons, captured by American Rattlesnake, 30 Nov 1776, Capt Montgomery. Another record shows 12 Nov 1776 capture by Montgomery, Endeavor. ND7:644 shows a vessel of the same size captured by Montgomery, 7 Nov 1776. (These records are very confusing.)

Endeavor.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British vessel, Capt Thatcher/Tatchell, captured by rebels 27 Dec 1776.

Endeavor.
ND8:998, British brig, Capt Thomas Dwyer, captured by American Rutledge, 4 Mar 1777.

Endeavor (HM). ND5:1255, ND6:532, ND7:426, ND8:490, ND9:101, 232, 323, ND10:273, ND11:1320, armed British brig or schooner, Lt Francis Tinsley, formerly the VA Navy brig Musquetto, active 1 Jan 1777, 12 June 1777, and 6 Jul 1777. It captured Adriana at English Harbor, Antigua, 10 Mar 1777.

Endeavor.
ND10:1205, British schooner, 25 tons, Capt Potter/Porter, to Liverpool, N. S., captured by Tristram Jordan, trial 25 Aug 1777.

Endeavor.
R77:406, ND10:954, British vessel, Capt Mellish, London to Spain, captured by American Success 28 Oct 1777.

Endeavor.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Robert Hoggell/Hagget, Liverpool to New York, 1777. ND10:804, this may be the brigantine, Capt Robert Hoggell captured by the American Oliver Cromwell, libelled in MA Middle District 13 Jan 1778.
DaviesXV:70.

Endeavor.
CTP:175, British armed sloop, Capt Fordyce of New York, captured early Oct 1778 at Blue Point, Long Island, by CT sloop Squirrel, then abandoned and taken over by the Porcupine, Capt William Stewart.

Endeavour.
McM:100, CTP 206, British brig captured by CT sloop Retaliation and Young Cromwell, Sep 1779. C328.

Endeavor.
SchV:49, British brig, 14 guns, Capt F. Wooldridge, lost in 10 Oct 1780 hurricane, crew saved.

Endeavor.
Capture:27, British brigantine, Grennock to Halifax, Master James Robertson, captured by the privateer brig Swift, Capt John Fittle, sent to Salem, but recaptured off Cape Ann, 31 Aug 1781 by the General Monk, and taken to Penobscot.

Endeavor.
Allen;96, British brig, apparently captured by the MA schooner Charlotte, Capt Samuel Hill, and litigated in Dec 1782 in Boston.

Endeavor.
FordXX:437, British or Tory schooner, owners Thomas Johnson, and James McQueen, captured in or near SC by Capt George Ashby of Salem in a privateer, who then removed items belonging to prisoners of war (apparently American) who had been captured and sent to St. Augustine prison.

-----Endeavor.
ND1:185, American schooner, condemned in Admiralty Court, to be sold at Burwell’s Ferry, VA, 25 Apr 1775.

Endeavor.
ND1:908, American sloop, Capt J. Adlinger/Joshua Vinyl, active Jul 1775.

Endeavor.
ND2:1376, American sloop, Capt Jonathan Lascelles, with boards, plank, etc from Saco, captured by British Hope, Sep 1775, condemned and sold.

Endeavor.
Lewisohn:13, ND3:856, American schooner of MA operating in West Indies in 1776.

Endeavor.
ND3:877, MA schooner, petition of Isaac Smith, Sr, to ship fish to West Indies, Jan 1776, probably the same as above.

Endeavor.
ND4:685, sloop, Capt Job Tripp, Dartmouth to Philadelphia, captured 11 Apr 1776 by British tender of the Phoenix, Midshipman Butler, then plundered and burned. Ford1776:424, 545.

Endeavor.
ND5:648, American schooner, Capt Robert Harvey/Harley, permit 5 May 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.

Endeavor.
Force:5:III:1526, ND5:960, American schooner, Capt J. Batson, from Piscataqua fishing, captured 7 Jul 1776 by British Viper.

Endeavor.
Force:5:III:1523, ND5:1183, American brig, master A. Bartlett, Philadelphia to West Indies, captured 22 Jul 1776 by British Orpheus, Capt Charles Hudson.

Endeavor.
ND6:972, (See Defence, CT Navy brig.)

Endeavor.
ND11:130, American sloop, Capt Solomon Davis, captured by British ship Valiant, Capt John Naylor, condemned at Antigua 15 Sep 1777.

Endeavor.
ND11:1059, American sloop, Capt Potter, NC to St Eustatius, captured by the British Ellis, Capt T. Jolly, 23 Feb 1778.

Endeavor.
ND11:739, New England schooner, Capt Elwell, privateer in West Indies, arrived 13 Mar 1778 in New London from West Indies.

Endeavor.
NR:281, LCP:76/77, LM NJ sloop, 3 guns, 8 men, Capt Andrew Brown, Nov 1778.

Endeavor.
Robertson(1959):146, brigantine, 6 guns, of Boston, MA, captured by British and taken into Jamaica. Allen:122, CTP:245, C200, MA brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt George May, owners William Erskine and others, captured by British, then recaptured by CT schooner Young Cromwell, 10 Aug 1779.

Endeavour.
R82I:238, American privateer, 300 tons, 90 men, 22 guns, taken 1781 by the British Amphitrite.

Endeavor.
DaviesXIX:400, 2299, American flag of truce, Capt James Spicer, detained by R. N. Cormorant, 1781. Ford1781:437.

Endeavor.
C121, NH sloop, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Nathaniel Giddings, 14 Jan 1783.

Endeavor.
Nelson:1124, American Cont. ship, Capt Martindale, owners Ewing and Wormwell.

Endracht.
Appeals Case 96, Dutch dogger vessel operating out of Curaçao, 1782, Capt Dirk K. Meyer.

Enfanton.
ND8:355, ship, Capt Tachell, probably British, active 1777.

L’Enfer.
Buel:298, French vessel trading with Americans captured by British, 10 Jul 1777.

L’Engageante.
Annual Register 21:182, Comm:123-125, French frigate, Capt Previll, in 1778 in Count D’Estaing’s squadron in America in 1779, with de Grasse in 1781, with crew listing. It later served at Chesapeake Bay and at St. Domingue in Fall 1782. Syrett(1989):98.

Engilbert.
VANavy:165, NR:281, LCP:76/77, VA LM brig of 14 guns, 55 men, Capt John Gale, Apr 1781.

English.
Mill:210, Kaminkow:223, brig taken and sent to Quebec, 1781, one person later sent to Mill Prison 23 Jul 1781.

Enkhuizen.
VanMaanen, Dutch warship, Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier, 24 guns, 150 men, launched 1779, un 1782 under Capt Frykenius.

Enrique/Henrica Sophia.
Klotz:36-38, Swedish vessel captured by the privateer Revenge, Capt Conyngham, and taken to a Spanish port in 1778. Neesor:152 shows Honoria Sophia, brig taken off Cape Finnisterre, sent to Newbury Port, retaken off Cape Cod.

Enterprise, 12 guns, 1776. GWA:703, ND3:129, ND2:162, British supply sloop, 12 guns, captured 18 May 1775 at St Johns, Richelieu River, Canada, then in Dec 1775 to be delivered to General Schuyler later. C285-286, NY sloop destined for Lake Champlain, states Capt James Smith, Jul 1775. ND5:1229, ND6:1344, Hinman:88, 12 carriage guns, 9 five and four pounders, ten swivels, 50 men. Smith:26-29, 32, Emmons:4, Smithsonian4651, ND1:860, captured King’s sloop which became a Continental sloop in Lake Champlain, Capts John Prout Sloan 14 May 1775, Jeremiah Halsey in Jul 1775, and James Smith, destroyed in Lake Champlain in Oct 1776, Capt Dickenson/Dickerson. C135, 282. ND6:98, 224, 1344, ND7:123, one of the sloops above under Capt Dickenson escaped to Ticonderoga. Crewmen listed in MAS. Silverstone:91. Coggins:205.

Enterprise.
SchV:42, British naval vessel of 10 guns, captured in 1778 by Americans off the coast.

Enterprise.
Mc:107, British king’s tender, captured off Cape Vincents by Capt Conyngham in the Revenge and burned because of an English frigate, Mar 1778. Silverstone:92.

Enterprise (HMS). ND1:1329, ND4:1102, ND5:1356, ND6:448, ND9:338, ND10:911, ND11:1128, British warship, 28 guns, Capt Sir Thomas Rich, RN, recaptures Hope, 27 May 1778. It also captured Alexander, Betsey, Delaware, Venus, and other American vessels. Volo:262, frigate.

Enterprise.
Sheppard:117, 118, British privateer, 17 guns, 80 men, captured by the Boston, Capt Samuel Tucker, 15 Jul 1779. DaviesXIX:1902.

Enterprise.
Capture:27, British ship, Capt Winter captured by the Franklin, sent to Salem, but recaptured in August by the HMS Amphytrite, year not stated, and sent into Penobscot.. JA7:178, possibly the British whaling ship mentioned in 1779.

Enterprise.
McM:434, British brig, captured by the Black Princess, Capt Edward Maccater, vessel of Morlaix, France, 1780. The prizemaster had to take the brig into a small port in Brittany because he was so closely chased.

-----Enterprise.
ND3:950, NH privateer, a Portland schooner, Capt Daniel Jackson, commissioned Jan 1776, to prey on British shipping. Possibly Chapelle:79.

Enterprise.
ND3:1228-1230, American sloop, Capt James Westcott, bonded for West Indies voyage, Feb 1776. Possibly Chapelle:54, 112.

Enterprise. Buel:219, New England brigantine designed for the islands trade. Maclay:77, C231, NH brig, Capt Thomas Palmer, Feb 1776. ND4:41, schooner, Capt Thomas Palmer, 23 Feb 1776.

Enterprise.
Maclay:77, NJ schooner which captured several ships in 1776.

Enterprize.
NR:282, ND4:1369, ND5:487, ND6:749, LM PA schooner, Capt James Campbell, 14 Jun 1776. LCP:76/77, ND7:225, ND8:213, ND10:703, LM MD schooner, 10 guns, 60 men, Capt George Handy, and Capt James/Joseph Campbell, Feb 1777. This Enterprise is credited with the captures of British Betsy, Black River, Elizabeth, James, Lancashire, Liberty, Marriot, Modest, Nautilus.
JA5:31. It operated mostly in Chesapeake Bay and was likely purchased for the Cont. Navy on 20 Dec 1776, but returned to MD owner in Feb 1777.

Enterprize.
ND6:249, ND7:1118, NY privateer brig, 10 guns, 26 men, Capt Joseph Dwight, 28 June 1776, captured Earl of Errol, 13 Feb 1777. C99.

Enterprise.
ND10:723, Dominican privateer vessel captures Warren 18 Apr 1777.

Enterprise.
GWA:702, ND9:175, 225, Continental Army sloop, Capt Daniel Scovell, at Ticonderoga 26 June 1777, burned 6 Jul 1777. This vessel may have operated as a packet. Paullin:518, 12 guns, 60 men, Capt Dickinson, part of Arnold’s fleet, served 1776 – 1777.

Enterprize.
ND9:919, ND10:704, NR:282, LCP:76/77, LM MD schooner, 6 guns, 16 men, Capt John Brynan/Brynens, requested LM status 12 Sep 1777.

Enterprize.
ND10:475, American sloop, Capt Timothy Pearse, captured by British Carysfort 12 Nov 1777.

Enterprise.
ND11:319, American privateer vessel captured the British Waddell, Mar 1778.

Enterprize.
NR:282, LCP:76/77, C196, LM NJ sloop, 1 gun 15 men, Capt William Martin/Marriner/Marinus, Aug 1778. In June 1780, she was a PA sloop with same captain.

Enterprise.
Allen:122, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 10 swivels, 40 men, Capt Joseph Leach, 2 Sep 1778, owners Benjamin Blyth, John Coles, and others.

Enterprize.
McM:274, PA brig, 1779.

Enterprize.
NR:282, LCP:76/77, LM PA schooner, 12 guns, 70 men, Capt Rufus Gardner, Aug 1779, as a brig in Mar 1780, Capt Rufus Gardner.

Enterprize.
NR:283, LCP:76/77, LM PA brigantine, 12 guns, 80 men, Capt Peter Day, Jul 1780.

Enterprize.
McM:327, PA brig, 1780.

Enterprise.
Buel:369, a vessel sailing out of Philadelphia in 1782 causing a great deal of difficulty for Stephen Collins, who probably owned the cargo. It is probably one of the other vessels mentioned.

Enterprise.
Malo:969, 970, French privateer at Dunkirk in 1782, along with a companion boat, the Good Luck.
(See next entry.)

Enterprise.
CTP:81, C57, CT privateer schooner, Capt Jason Chester, Jun 1777, later Capt Moses Tryon in Sep 1777, took nine British prizes, including sloop Nova Scotia, schooner Experiment, schooner Hazard, schooner Greyhound. C57, captured in Mar 1782 and sent into New York Harbor.

Enterprise.
Allen:123, NR:283, LCP:76/77(Record 557), LM MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 14 men, Capt Ebenezer Nickerson of Boston, 9 Mar 1782.

Enterprise.
CTN:145, CTP:170, American ship, CT Capt Daniel Deshon, Jr, arrived in Boston 14 May 1782 from Amsterdam.

Enterprize.
NR:283, LCP:76/77(Record 826), CTP:82, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT galley, 1 gun, 25 men, Capt George House, Jun 1782.

Enterprise.
NJNavy:216, in 1782 an armed boat of the NJ naval militia, Capt ??? Hand. (Capt Hand was likely Elijah or Jeremiah Hand.)

Enterprise.
Volo:211, Fowler:176, others, American Cont vessel, 22 guns, 50 men, Capt Dickenson.

Enterprise.
Klotz:85-87, American vessel which violated Spanish maritime laws in 1786 in a manner similar to wartime cases. This vessel was probably one of the above.

L’Eole du Havre.
Villiers:269, apparently a French armed merchantman, 18 guns, cargo of sugar, 1779. Bouvet:87, this may be l’Eole captured between Martinique and St Domingue in Oct 1780.

Epaminondas.
DaviesXVI:, 15, French vessel taken by British, 1 Jan 1778, with 1128 letters and worth 100,000 English pounds.

L’Epervier.
Morison:196, JA7:137, French cutter, with Portuguese crew. It may be the corvette from Brest, 1778. Villiers:305, escorted convoy from Cap Français to France, 1782.

L’Equivoque.
Buel:298, French vessel trading with Americans, captured 1 May 1777 by the British.

Epribeth.
American sloop, Capt Swaine, captured 14 June 1777 by British Milford.

Errol.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:249, British vessel, Capt John Bartlett, Grenada to London, 300 tons, 21 Aug 1776.

Den Erfprins/Ers Prins/Erft Prince/Prince Heréditaire.
R82II:168, Dutch navy, 54 guns, 300 men, Capt J. Z. Braak, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781, returned to Texel, Capt Jan Prioste, 1782. RM8:622, Dutch warship, Capt Aberson, came with the first Dutch minister to the U. S. in 1783 and foundered near Massachusetts, losing over 300 men, and saving only 40. VanMaanen, warship in Admiralty of Amsterdam, in 1782 under Capt Graaf van Rechteren, wrecked in 1783.

Erstern.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:14 (2 Dall. 34), the brig vs Darby. RM5:358, the Erstern, apparently of Dutch registry, was captured 20 Aug 1781 by the LM Hope off the coast of Norway.

Escape.
ND3:1367, 1369, probably American brig, 70 tons, 6 men, Capt Robert Callow, Annapolis to Milford with wheat and planks, enters Baltimore from London 10 Jul 1775, made non-British declaration.

Escape.
R77:234, MD ship, 15 guns, Capt Benjamin Weeks/Wickes, from Maryland, captured by British Mermaid, 15 Apr 1777.

Escape.
C288, MD brig, 12 guns, 39 men, Capt William Smith of PA, Oct 1782.

L’Escaut. Peabody:239, French merchant ship from Marseilles to London when boarded by crew of MA privateer Grand Turk 27 Sep 1782.

Eshe.
Coggins:103, schooner in SC Navy, 1776.

La Espaciosa.
Lux:174n10, probably a Spanish ship, mentioned.

El Espagno/España.
SchIV:371, Spanish warship, 60 guns, at Cadiz in bad condition in 1781. It took part in the 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.

Esperance.
ND7:159-160, probably the sloop mentioned later, captured by British Cherokee, 14 Nov 1776.

Esperance.
ND11:451, SC sloop, captured by Winchelsea in late 1778.

L’Esperance. ND10:1032, French sloop, Capt Pierre Reynowe, equipped with guns 25 Nov 1777. Possibly the vessel mentioned in Searcy:67.

L’Esperance.
Ford1776:193, schooner, SchV:62, ND11:240, possibly the French armed merchantman, 28 guns, 173 men, captured in 1780 in North America, by the British Pearl.
It was taken into the British Navy as the Clinton, and served until it was sold in 1784.

L’Esperance.
ND4:264, McPA:303, schooner of Hispaniola, master Stephen Decatur, in Mar 1776 was to take PA livestock and other products to Hispaniola in exchange for arms and gunpowder. This may have been a vessel owned by Stephen Decatur but under French registry.

L’Espérance.
ND7:368, ND11:238, 240, French merchant ship, Capt V. de Cotiney de Prejent, late 1776 into 1778. CC:M247, R59, #45, p 383, Guadeloupe court case, also involving American privateer L’Arlequin/Harlequin.

L’Espérance.
Dawson:85, assisted in landing the French troops at Yorktown in Sep 1781. Probably one of the above.

L’Espérance.
Malo:983, French privateer, wartime. No other info.

La Esperanza.
A2:IX:27, 67, probably a Spanish brigantine in New Orleans in 1779.

Esperanza.
R80I:345, Spanish merchant ship taken by the British, Jan 1780.

La Esperanza.
A3:XI:65, probably a Spanish schooner in New Orleans in 1781.

Espiègle.
LG:619, French louger/lugger, from Brest, 1778, 10 guns, then with D’Orvilliers in 1779.

Espion.
SchV:59, French cutter 18 guns, 114 men, captured in 1782 off St Christophers in the West Indies by the British Lizard, Capt E. Dodd.

Espion.
NavChronIV:373, Dutch vessel, 10 guns, Capt Stutger, on convoy duty, Aug 1781.

El Espiritu Santo.
A2:VII:26, probably a Spanish vessel in New Orleans in 1777.

Esprence.
ND11:451, American sloop from SC, loaded with rice and indigo, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman, 1777.

Essex.
Kaminkow:223, American vessel, captured Dec 1780, and crew members to British prison.

Essex. Kaminkow:223, Mill:210, Maclay:209-210, C226, Capt Timothy Cutler Ogden/Oden, ship taken 16 June 1781, crew sent to Mill Prison, arriving 25 Aug 1781. (The next entry may be a duplication of this vessel.)

Essex.
Allen:123, Pain:455, Capture:53, LCP:76/77(Record 441), Beverly, MA, LM privateer Essex , 200 tons, 20 guns 150 men,commanded by Capt John Cathcart 6 May 1780, which took the Margaret Christiana, but lost her to recapture in 1780. Owners were Job Prince and others of Boston. Howe:408 captured by British warship Queen Charlotte, 10/16 June 1781, with crew members to Mill Prison 21 Jul 1781. Owners at this time were Jonathan Jackson, Joseph Lee, J. & A Cabot, and others of Newburyport. C256, 303, this may be the vessel where some crew members reached Mill Prison 25 Aug 1781. JA10:89, 265. Cog:125, possibly this vessel.

L’Este.
Buel:298, French vessel trading with Americans, captured 17 Sep 1777 by the British.

Esther.
ND1:543, probably a British brigantine, Capt Hastops, returned to Liverpool from Charleston 26 May 1775.

Esther.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:1472, ND7:5, 736, 906, ND8:303, ND9:21, British ship, Capt John Harvey/Hervey, Jamaica to London, 300 tons, 5 June 1776, capture by Cabot, chased on VA shore. Mc:146-147, British ship, prize of the Cabot, Capt Elisha Hinman, captured 2 Oct 1776 and sent to Bedford, MA.

Esther.
Force:5:III:1527, British vessel captured by Americans in 1776, then recaptured by the British Liverpool.
(It was likely one of the above.)

Esther.
R77:406, ND9:588, British victualler, Capt Richard Ledger, Corke to New York, 21 Aug 1777.

-----Esther.
Capture:27, ND4:1374, ND5:657, schooner of Georgia River (Savannah), Capt Daniel McNess, captured Feb 1776 by Capt Barkley & Major Grant. The schooner had no papers so was unloaded and the vessel burned. The goods were taken to Halifax on board the British ship Rittenhouse, libeled, and sold. ND4:172, British schooner, Capt Daniel McNess, liberated 4 Mar 1776 at Savannah by Capt Barkley and Major Grant (it appears the schooner was actually American). It was captured by British Scarborough 4 Jun 1776.

Esther.
R77:231, ND7:1240, ND8:1053, American brig/ship, Capt John Gordon, from Providence, RI, taken by British Emerald, 19 Feb 1777.

Esther.
ND8:404, 1035, American ship, captured 22 April 1777 by HMS Phoenix.

Esther.
Capture:28, schooner from Cape Anne captured 29 Apr 1777, near Cape Anne by HMS Scarborough..

Esther.
ND8:478, 1034, schooner, Capt Rogers, captured by British Scarborough, April 1777.

Esther.
R77:232, American vessel from Dartmouth, captured by British, 1777.

Esther.
ND11:364, Continental trading ship, profits discussed 17 Feb 1778.

Esther.
ND11:207, 750, American schooner, Capt Joseph Mount, captured by British Hammond, 25 Jan 1778 and condemned 10 Apr 1778, .

Ester.
C159, MD brigantine, 8 guns, 15 men, Capt L. Hubal, June 1782.

Etna. ND5:858, ND8:277, PA Navy Fire sloop, 4 men, Capt William Gamble, 1 Jul 1776, Capt William Clark, 1777. Also see Aetna.

Etoile.
ND8:799, French Flute/Armed Transport, Capt Jean-François de Keredern de Trobriant, received salute 28 Apr 1777 probably at L’Orient from American Reprisal.

Etoile la Mar.
R80I:354, French ship from Marseilles taken in Dec 1779.

L’Etourdie.
ND6:394, French Navy corvette, Capt Comte le Begue, active 1776. ND10:878, 975, 1022, Malo:947, French Navy corvette, Ensign Marquis de Montbas, 9 Oct 1777 at Dunkirk. Comm:91-92, in D’Estaing’s fleet in 1779, crew listed. Villiers:299, escorted convoy from Martinique to France, 1779.

Eufrou Agatha.
ND3:384, Dutch ship, Capt Tadamondert, had encounter with British sloop Speedwell, 21 Nov 1775.

Eugenie.
GM:310, ship of the Rodrique Hortiz fleet for moving supplies and people from France to the West Indies and to America.

L’Eugenie. Peabody:239, French merchant ship in French trade when boarded by crew of MA privateer, Grand Turk 27 Oct 1782.

Eulalie.
R80II:160, French vessel from Bourdeaux, taken by British, 1780.

Eunice. ND7:1077, British brig captured by Freedom, 1 Feb 1777. ND8:1032, brig, 1777, probably one of the following.

Eunice.
ND1:1384, ND8:211, 1032, ND9:161, British brigantine, 130 tons, 9 men, Capt Charles Anderson, in West Indies trade in 1775, captured and libelled by Boston, 27 Mar 1777.

Eunice.
CTP:193, British ship, captured by Capt David Goff Phipps, date not given.

-----Eunice.
ND2:1375, American sloop, Capt James Ross, St Eustacia to Casco Bay with molasses, captured by British Savage, Sep 1775, condemned and sold.

Eunice.
Capture:28, McM:79, 80, CTP:82-83, LCP:76/77(Record 867), LM CT brigantine from West Indies to New Haven, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Ebenezer Peck, owned by Chipman Todd and Capt Peck, captured before 8 Jan 1783 and sent to Halifax.

Europe.
ND9:386, settee, Capt Francis Fowler, in Nice, France, harbor, 7 June 1777.

Europe.
Syrett(1989):142, 169, 194, British vessel in North American waters.

Europia.
ND6:452, Capture:28, British sloop from West Indies for Halifax, captured 19 Oct 1781 by the American Minerva, but recaptured by the British the next day by HMS Assurance.
Owned by Mr. Cochran of Halifax.

Eustace.
McM:134, MA ship, indexed but not found.

Éveillé. Maclay:190, Selby:226, SchV:44, Comm:236-239, French ship of 64 guns, Capt Arnauc de Gardeur de Tilly, blocked General Arnold in VA in 1781 and captured 8 privateers, later this ship was escort to Havana, 1782. Crew listed for 1781. M:219, 220, 261. Syrett(1989):164, 169.

Evendie.
Silverstone:92, French vessel captured British Romulus off Virginia Capes, 17 Feb 1781.

Exchange.
CTP:255, British vessel captured by Fairfield, CT, privateers. CTP:264, probably the sloop, 100 tons, Capt William Seymour, captured 12 Sep 1782 by Capt Valentine Rider of Stamford. C257.

Exchange.
NR10:1209, British sloop, Capt Young, 112 tons, Bermuda to Halifax, captured by Galley Lion, trial 16 Dec 1782.

-----Exchange.
Paine:455, NR:284, LCP:76/77(Record 123), Rand:833, LM MA privateer schooner, 2 guns, 15 men, Capt Henry Tibbetts of Damariscotta, ME/MA, Oct 1781, owners William Long and others of Salem..

Exchange.
Allen:123, Howe:428, Paine:455, LCP:76/77, MA LM ship, 20 guns 40/60 men operating in Mar 1781 under John Collins of Salem (Record 426), and in Feb 1782 under Capt Simon Forrester of Salem (Record 542). RM5:594, captured by British and taken to the Port of New Yorkby 4 Apr 1782.. C113.

Exeter.
SchV:52, ND1:426, ND5:1368, ND7:698, ND8:812, ND9:438, ND10:1132, British ship, 64 guns, 300 men, Capt Mathew Moore 1 June 1776, later Capt J. S. Smith, burned at the Cape in 1784, unserviceable.

Exeter Galley.
NR10:1206, British brig, Capt Blackstone, 250 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by Fair Play, 3 Jul 1778.

Expédient.
French gunship in the 1781 blockade of Yorktown.

Expeditie.
VanMaanen, Dutch guard or pilot vessel, Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier, 20 guns 70 men, under Capt Medendorp in 1782.

Expedition.
Mc:207, 346, ND9:429, 471, 481, British brig, Capt William Braithwaite, joint prize of Continental ship Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, 19 Jun 1777. R77:406 shows it sunk.

Expedition.
ND10:616-17, British brig, Capt Leonard Wrightson/George Wrighton, captured c 1777 by the Civil Usage, recaptured by the British Blenheim 11 Dec 1777.


-----Expedition.
ND7:604-05, American sloop, Capt Eliphalet Ripley, petition to purchase supplies, 27 Dec 1776.

Expedition.
ND9:240, ND11:184-185, American sloop, Capt Jeremiah Dawsey, captured by British Milford, 3 Jul 1777.

Expedition.
Cohen:43, MA privateer brig, prizemaster George Thamston/Thompson of Sweden and Newburyport, captured by British privateer on 5 Nov 1777, Capt Thompson sent to prison ships in American waters, the to Forton on 19 June 1778.

Expédition.
Malo:946, French cutter, 14 guns, at Dunkirk in 1777, then from Brest in 1778.

Expedition.
Allen:124, NR:284, LCP:76/77, LM MA brigantine, 10 guns 20 men, Capt Henry Atkins of Boston, 23 Dec 1780 (Record 326). PCOII:201, one brigantine Expedition, Capt Morgan, moved Americans from Europe to America in mid-1780.

Expedition.
R82I:96, French navy, 80 men, at Madras, Jan 1781.

Expedition.
Allen:125, NR:284, LCP:76/77(Record 213), LM MA brig, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Ephraim Lombard of Truro, MA, 16 Jun 1781, owners Isaac Smith and Codman & Smith of Boston.

Experiment.
ND2:1347, ND6:600, probably British brig, Capt Hugh Orr, from Glasgow to Roanoke, in ballast, 30 Sep 1775, then back to Whitehaven with tar and turpentine in 1776.

Experiment.
CTN:82, British schooner, Capt Solomon Littlefield, Newport to Long Island, captured by the CT schooner Enterprize, Capt Jason Chester.
C57.

Experiment.
ND8:457, 1059, British storeship, captured in 1777 by Americans on the Lyon, recaptured by British Mermaid, 19 Apr 1777. DaviesXIX:889, 1079.

Experiment.
ND10:1207, British brig, Capt Black, 80 tons, Antigua to Halifax, taken by William O’Brien, trial 8 Dec 1779. DaviesXVIII:48, 57, loss of this vessel, Feb 1780.

Experiment.
Howe:356, Allen:196, British ship of 18 guns, England to Jamaica, which fought the privateer Junius Brutus 23 Jan 1781, but was finally forced to surrender. C34.

Experiment (HMS).
ND1:1306, ND2:743, 50 guns, 280 men, ND4:706, ND5:229, Capt Alexander Scott, RN, in Nantasket Road May 1776. ND7:397, ND8:1062, ND9:509, ND10:1057, ND11:556, Blatchford:42n, SchV:42, JA7:151, M:364, British ship, 50 guns, 300 men, Sir James Wallace, captured off Georgia or Hilton Head SC, by the French fleet, or the Sagittaire, 24 Sep 1779. Comm:186-191, the French took the ship into the French fleet of de Grasse and it was active in the West Indies into the Fall of 1782. Crew listing for 1781. DaviesXII:165, 170, XIII:202, 679, XV:66, 164, XVI:219, 1603, XVII:90, 234. Volo:59, 262. Silverstone 92. Possibly Chapelle:59. Coggins:102.

-----Experiment. ND2:428, 559, ND3:1322, ND5:858, PA Navy boat, Capt Benjamin Thompson and Thomas Houston, in the Delaware River 21 Oct 1775 and 16 Feb 1776. ND4:163, 202, 1366, PA armed boat, Capt Thomas Houston, active on Delaware River, Apr 1776. ND4:202, This may be the same boat, 2d Lt James Johnson, active 1776.

Experiment.
ND4:1098, probably American snow, Capt John Curry, bound for America 30 May 1776.

Experiment.
ND4:85, ND7:485, sloop, probably American, Capt John Outten, permit to sail to New Providence, 14 Dec 1776.

 Experiment.
Appeals Cases, R15, sloop Chester vs brig Experiment.
The SC privateers Experiment and Fair American captured the sloop Chester, of Dutch registry, and took her into Charleston in 1777. ND9:195, 194, ND10:750, SC LM brig, Capt Francis Morgan, also captured Ann, 27 June 1777.

Experiment, 1 gun. ND1:1072-1074, built in Aug-Dec 1775 by Joshua Humphreys. Maclay:76, PANavy:338, PA river galley, 1776-78. R76I:364, ND5:858, ND6:7, ND7:834, ND8:486, Capts Benjamin Thompson and Henry Dougherty in 1776, Capt John Webb and Capt John Harrison in 1777. C94, 142, 329. Paullin:377, added to NY state, Aug 1776.

Experiment.
American vessel, captured 19 Apr 1777 by British Mermaid.

Experiment.
ND9:153, American schooner, Capt Jacob Mills, captured by British Unicorn, 21 June, 1777.

Experiment.
Augur:249, 338, Charleston privateer. ND10:167, 170, probably the SC LM brig, Capt Francis Morgan, which captured the Chester, c 1777. Appeals:xxxx, 162:15 (2 Dall. 41), the owners of the brig vs the owners of the sloop Chester.

Experiment.
Coggins:106, Eller:259-260, MD Navy barge built in 1778.

Experiment.
Coggins:102, armed boat in VA Navy, Capt William Ham, 1778. Dandridge:186 and VANavy:160 show a schooner.

Experiment.
Conyngham:487, Neeser:11, U. S. Navy ship, a tartan, captured by British and American crew taken to Mill Prison, England.

Experiment.
Howe:409, Allen:124, Beverly MA, brigantine privateer, 130 tons, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt John Porter, LM to West Indies, 30 Mar 1779, owners George Cabot, Joseph Lee, and others of Beverly. Fate of this vessel not found.

Experiment.
M:24, CT ship in 1779.

Experiment/Espériment.
French warship of the line, 50 guns, joined the West Indies fleet by Jul 1780.

Experiment.
NR:284, LCP:76/77, CTP:53, 83, 209, Hoadly:III:38, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT schooner, 12 guns, 40/80 men, Capt Giles Hall, Sr, in Nov 1778, Capt Nathan Sage, Aug 1779 (Record 772), Capt Giles Hall, Jr, Jun 1780 (Record 755), Capt John Bulkley, Jr, Sep 1780 (Record 786), took 8 prizes, including the Katy.

Experiment.
NR:285, LCP:76/77(Record 1066), LM PA ship, 20 guns, 65 men, Capt John Winning, Oct 1780.

Experiment.
NR:285, LCP:76/77, LM PA Navy boat, 4 swivel guns, 24 men, Capt William Rice, May 1781.

Experiment.
R81II:260, American brig captured 18 May 1781 by British Warwick.

Experiment.
M880:3, VA sloop, Capt Bitt, in support of Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Experiment.
M880:4, schooner, Capt John Withgott, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Experiment.
Allen:124, Paine:455, LCP:76/77, Appeals Case 107, MA privateer brigantine, 6/10 guns 14/20 men, Capt Samuel Ingersoll of Salem, 16 Apr 1781 (Records 570, 448), and 6 Apr 1782, Capt Phineas Parker of Salem, 13 Jul 1782 (Record 166), and Capt George Williams, Jr of Salem in 7 Dec 1782 (Record 251).

Experiment.
Allen:124, LCP:76/77(Record 184), MA privateer ship, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt William Noyes of Newburyport, 16 Jul 1782.

Faam.
VanMaanen, Dutch guard or pilot vessel, Admiralty of Friesland, 16 guns, 80 men, Capt De Bok in 1782.

Fabby, American ship moving supplies from Spain to America, 1777.

Fabrique.
ND9:111, French sloop, Capt Louis de Roux, in Havana Port, 14 June 1777.

Fair.
R80I:351, American brig, from Charlestown, captured in 1779.

Fair America.
Sheffield:Apr 10, 1880, British vessel captured in 1782 by RI Capt Oliver Read.

-----Fair American.
Smith:163, Fowler:119, ND4:1343, Salley:119 and many other references, SC Navy brig, with the Randolph when that ship engaged the Yarmouth off Barbados on 7 Mar 1778. Coggins:73, 103, DaviesXIII:1858, privateer of 14 guns, 150 men, put in SC state service at one time in 1778. ND9:152, captured Ann 20 June 1777. ND10:749-750, LM brig, Capt Charles Morgan, captured the Chester, 28 Oct 1777. ND11:360. DaviesXIII:1858, probably this vessel. Paullin:430, taken into service, 1777.

Fair American.
Buel:92, FordXVII:801, Philadelphia privateer, 16 guns, operating in 1780 with the Confederacy in the West Indies. Possibly Silverstone:20.

Fair American.
Kaminkow:223, C286, American/SC privateer brig, Capt John Smith, captured Nov 1780 by the British Vestale, crew sent to Forton Prison.

Fair American.
NR:286, LCP:84/85, LM MD brig, 8 guns, 26 men, Capt Luke Kiersted, Sep 1780.

Fair American.
NR:287, LCP:84/85, LM NH brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt John Frost, Jul 1781 (Record 31), probably as a brig Capt Hugh Chichester/Chisholm, Sep 1781 (Record 19). JA10:356, may be the privateer brigantine mentioned. Capture:28, this may be the brigantine privateer, Commander Hugh Chesholm/Chisholm, captured before 4 Oct 1781.

Fair American.
C101, Maclay:214, NR:286, CTP:84, CTP:84-85, LCP:84/85, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT brig, 14 guns, 90 men, Capt Peleg Eldred, Nov 1781. He captured British Polly, King George, Nancy, York, Ann, Rambler, Phoenix.
Later, Capt Samuel Champlin, assisted in capture of seven vessels, including the Irish sloop Chance, 1781/82 (Record 805). Maclay:88, 180, the Fair American was captured and put to use by British privateers.

Fair American.
NR:286, LCP:84/85, LM PA brig, 16 guns, 130 men, Capt Stephen Decatur, Apr 1780, Capt Joseph Jackways, Dec 1780, Capt Phineas Eldridge, May 1781. This brig may have worked with the Argo in capturing several British vessels.

Fair American.
NR:287, CTP:85, LCP:84/85, LM CT galley, 1 gun, 35 men, Capt Henry Moffat/Murfits/Morfits, Apr 1782 (Record 819), took one prize.

Fair American.
R82II:273, American brig Adriana, captured in 1782 by four British privateers.

Fairfield.
ND11:740, RI privateer, Capt James Hovey, commissioned 28 Oct 1777, owned by Amos Hubbard, privateer in West Indies, captured WHIM and carried into Martinico 20 Dec 1777 or 24 Mar 1778.

Fairfield.
Allen:124, MA privateer brigantine, Capt Joseph Tripp, Apr 1779.

Fair Haven.
ND5:331, ND6:481, ND11:125, American brig, Capt Nathaniel Delano of RI, captured 19 May 1776 off Barbados, by British Hawke, Capt Robert Palliser Cowper, tried at English Harbor, Antigua and condemned 19 June 1776.

Fair Lady.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Taylor, Gold Coast to Jamaica, with 270 slaves, 1777.

Fair Lady.
ND4:370, 1113, British or Tory vessel, Capt Robertson, captured at Savannah and held by Georgians 16 Mar 1776. It did not sail as of May 1776.

-----Fair Lady.
Allen:124-25, Howe:420, ND6:1289, Ipswich, MA, privateer schooner, 1 gun 4 swivels, 20 men, Capt Jacob Martin, 23 Aug 1776, owners Capt Daniel Goodhue, William Homans, Jr, and others of Ipswich.

Fair Lady.
Allen:125, MA privateer schooner, 2 guns, 4 swivels, 20 men, under Capt Joseph Dennis, 10 Oct 1776, owners Nathaniel Farley, Jacob Treadwell, and others. (This sounds like the previous vessel under different owners.)

Fair Lady.
ND11:125, American schooner, Capt Ephraim Farnham, captured by British Seaford, Capt John Colpoys, condemned at Antigua 18 Sep 1777. (This may be the same schooner as above.)

Fairnborough.
ND10:546-547, British sloop, Capt John Charlton, captured by St Louis, 13 Apr 1777.

Fair Play.
Allen:125, NR:287, LCP:84/85 (Record 573), ND10:89, 90, ND11:838, LM MA privateer brigantine, 12 guns, 60 men, Capt Isaac Somes of Gloucester, 17 Jul 1777, captures British Bermuda, later the Free Briton. Owner was Tristram Dalton of Newburyport.

Fair Play.
Allen:125, JA8:60, 10:87, MA privateer brigantine, 12 guns, 70 men, Capt Andrew Giddings, 19 Oct 1778. Owners were Daniel Sargent and others of Cape Ann. (This sounds like the previous vessel under different owners.)

Fair Play.
NR:287, CTP:85, LCP:84/85, C95, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT schooner, 12 men, Capt Ebenezer Drake, Dec 1778 (Record 714), captured in Dec 1778, Frenchman’s Bay, by British privateer True Blue and taken into Halifax. Capture:28, schooner, bound for West Indies, captured Dec 1778 near Frenchman’s Bay.

Fair Play.
C234, NH brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt William Parsons, Sep 1779. JA8:59, possibly the American brigantine mentioned.

Fair Play.
Allen:125, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, ?8 men, Capt Elias Davis, 24 Jul 1780. Owners were Daniel Sargent and others of Boston. (This sounds like the previous brigantine owned by Daniel Sargent.)

Fair Play.
LCP84/85(Record 870), NR:287, CTP:86, C278, CT schooner from Lyme, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Stephen Lee,captured Jan 1782 near Sag Harbor, Long Island, loaded with merchandise and British contraband, by the CT armed boat Success, Capt Benoni Shipman and condemned 28 Apr 1782.

Fair Trader.
ND11:781, American brig, Capt John Adamson, captured by British Ceres and Ariadne, 24 Mar 1778.

Fair Trader.
Allen:125, NR:288, LCP:84/85, LM MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt Peter Geyer of Boston, 5 Jul 1782 (Record 149).

Fair Trader.
TLG(1783), American brig, captured 16 Jan 1783 in the Leeward Islands, West Indies, by the HMS Raisonable.
According to Admiral Hood’s prize list an unidentified brig was captured that day by HMS Jupiter.

Fair Wind.
ND10:354, 1205, British schooner, 30 tons, Capt Joel Webber, Annapolis to Halifax, captured by the Revenge, 25 Nov 1777, libelled in MA Middle District.

Fairy.
SchV:43, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt J. Browne, captured in 1780 by the French, later re-captured by the British. JA10:196, sloop. Volo:263, sloop, 16 guns.

Faith.
ND7:466, probably a British schooner, on Lake Erie, 12 Dec 1776.

Falcon.
NR:31, ND1:187, 428, 738, 1093, ND2:519, 1250, 1353, ND3:1399, ND4:1226, ND5:230, Fowler:17, Morison:33, ND6:1424, ND8:1063, M:92, 146, British HM sloop-of-war, 15 guns, 100 men, Capt John Linzee, captured by MA vessel, 1775. ND7:628, crew members exchanged in Dec 1778, but it is not clear whether the HMS Falcon was holding the prisoners or whether they were actually captured on an American Falcon. DaviesXI:141, 156, XII:45, 245, XIII:202, XIV:60, 177, XV:65, XVII:200, 201. Volo:263, sloop, 14 guns. Paullin:339, captured by American Falcon in 1777.

Falcon.
ND9:6, ND10:699, ND11:555, SchV:47, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt Harry Harmond/Harmood, burned at RI 5 Aug 1778 to prevent capture. Silverstone:91.

Falmouth.
ND2:115, British packet expected to attack Fort Johnston, SC, 15 Sep 1775.

Falmouth.
R77:108, ND8:837, British vessel, Capt Archibald Bogg/Boog, Glasgow to Quebec, captured by Polly, 20 Mar 1777. R77:406, DaviesXIV:111, ND9:406, shows it under Capt J. Montgomery, retaken by Success.

Falmouth.
ND9:6, CTN:171, CTP:228, H:241, Dandridge:205, 206, British hulk used as a prison ship in New York Harbor in 1780. It was near the Jersey shore and was designated as a hospital prison from time to time. ND9:6, its commander in 1777 may have been Capt Stirret.

-----Falmouth.
ND4:605, ND5:330, ND11:125, American brig, Capt John Martin, captured 31 Mar 1776 by HMS Argo, Capt William Garnier, tried and condemned 18 May 1776 at St Johns, Antigua.

Falmouth.
Allen:126, NR:288, LCP:84/85(Record 553), LM MA privateer boat. 7 guns, 30 men, Capt Barakiah Basset of Plymouth, 8 May 1782, owners Joseph Dimuck and others of Falmouth.

Falmouth Packet. ND1:677, 848, 913, ND2:531, 1198, British schooner, shown with Captain Thomas Flinn. Sherman:53, McMA:36, ND2:1198, ND3:689, 1027, ND10:1204, Rand:829, Nelson:32. American Capt of militia, John Bunker, captured this small Tory schooner, Capt Isaac Danks, 24 Nov 1775, tried 3 Sep 1776. It is also shown that a schooner of this name, Capt Thomas Flinn, was captured 22 June 1775 by Machias militia, but was later released. Allen:330, schooner, 20 men with small arms, Capt Benjamin Foster of Machias, took part on 12 Jun 1775 in capture of British Margaretta. Capture:28, re-captured by British before 20 Feb 1781. (There appear to be two vessels.)

Fame.
ND2:1356, ??? sloop, 40 tons, Capt Richard Weeden, probably British, Jamaica from Roanoke, with corn and tar, 21 Feb 1775.

Fame.
ND2:736, ??? vessel, Capt William Thornton, probably British, active with cargo under convoy 21 Feb 1775.

Fame.
R77:108, British vessel, Capt Bornd, bound for London, 1777.

Fame.
McM:383, C48, British sloop, prize of MD privateer schooner Enterprise, Capt James Campbell, Jan 1777.

Fame.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Coates, St Augustine to London, 1777. ND11:11, British brigantine, Capt James Coates, captured by American General Mifflin, libeled in MA Middle District 16 Jan 1778. Possibly Syrett(1989):11, 115.

Fame.
McPA:341, British schooner, prize of PA Comet, sold in NJ, Sep 1778.

Fame.
McM:332, British privateer, prize of PA vessel, 1781.

-----Fame.
R77:236, ND7:1209, ND8:1063, American ship, Capt Nathaniel Barnard, from Harbor Island, captured 15 Dec 1776 by British Galatea, then recaptured by the American Enterprise 15 Dec 1776.

Fame. ND6:185, ND8:216-17, possibly ND10:399, brigantine/ship, Capt Hugh Lysle, in operation 1776 and 1777.

Fame.
ND7:954, American brigantine to be sold 22 Jan 1777. (It could have been either a native or a captured vessel.

Fame.
GWA:702, American schooner mentioned as a Cont. packet in use in 1777. Silverstone:15 guns.

Fame.
ND9:3, 193, PA privateer brig, Capt Francis Knox, captured by British Brune, 23 June 1777.

Fame. ND7:834, Griffin 76, 77, Coggins:99, C76, 147, ND8:58, ND11:791, armed guard boat of 1 gun, 12 men, in PA Navy, Capts Thomas Hazelwood, William Greenway, Jonathan Cowpland, in 1777, captured in Mar 1778 by boats from the British Pearl and Camille, then was evidently recaptured before the end of summer in 1778. Silverstone:19.

Fame.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:5:45, FordXIII:188, the schooner in NJ case of Johnston, claimant vs Yelverton Taylor, appealed to Cont. Congress, Feb 1779. Possibly Chapelle:95.

Fame.
Paullin:306, American schooner, 7 guns, purchased at Martinique in 1779.

Fame.
NR:288, LCP:84/85, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt George Curwin, Aug 1779, and probably as a brig, 14 guns, 40 men, Capt Hugh Lyle, Dec 1779.

Fame.
NR:288, LCP:84/85, LM PA brigantine, 16 guns, 70 men, Capt John Gensell, Oct 1779.

Fame.
Allen:126, Paine:455, MA privateer brigantine, 16 guns, 100 men, Capt Samuel Hobbs, 15 Apr 1779, and with 10 guns, and 30 men under Capt Nicholas Lamprell in 18 Apr 1780. Owners were E. H. Derby and others for both cruises.

Fame.
Allen:126, MA privateer brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Abraham Bartlett, 19 Oct 1779, and again with 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Joseph Costin, 22 Apr 1780. Owners were John Codman and Codman & Smith of Boston.

Fame.
NR:288, LCP:84/85, C7, 288, 30 5, Kaminkow:223, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 60 men, Capt Uriah Smith, Dec 1780, Capt William Greene, 23 Dec 1780, PA Navy Capt John Taylor, Mar 1781, captured by British, Aug 1781. C269, C288.

 Fame.
NR:289, LCP:84/85, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 14 men, Capt George Curwin, Oct 1781, Capt David Campbell, Dec 1781.

Fame.
Kaminkow:223, American vessel, captured Feb 1782, with crew members to British prison.

Fame.
RM5:94, 330, tobacco vessel, supercargo Mr. Weggan/Wiggen, used by Robert Morris in May 1782, to be loaded by his VA agent Daniel Clark. Ford1783:122, tobacco moved in this vessel.

Fame.
CC:M247, R148, #137, Cont. schooner, Capt John Palmer, expenses paid by American agent at Martinique, Samuel Parsons. Kaminkow:223, captured Mar 1781. Paullin:306-307, 7 gun schooner purchased in Martinique by the American agent in order to send news of the capture of St. Eustatius, but it was captured by the British, who took her into Antigua. RM5:457, Robert Morris reported to Cont. Congress in Jun 1782. FordXIX:429-430, Cont. Congress at first refused to pay claims of Parsons about this vessel. Ford XXII:367-368, the subject continued in Jul 1782. This may be the vessel considered to be a Cont. Navy packet.

Fame.
NR:289, LCP:84/85(Record 970), LM PA ship, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt John McClenachan, Jul 1782.

Fame.
RM4:407, RM6:423, flag of truce ship used to move tobacco from VA, Sep 1782, supervised by Mr. George Eddy, but permission given by Robert Morris. This may be the same vessel as mentioned with Morris above.

Family Trader/Fader.
R77:235, ND7:1197, ND8:461, 1061, American sloop, Capt Benjamin Wainwright, from South Carolina, captured by British Galatea 13 Feb 1777.

Family Trader.
M:360/1, Salley:204, 219, 245, SC sloop, 1778.

Fancy/Fanny.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:4:34, in case of Jencks vs the sloop Fancy.

Fancy.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Tokley, at Virginia, 1776.

Fancy.
NR10:1206, British sloop, Capt Johnson, 45 tons, Antigua to Halifax, takin by G. Hoxsie and C. Jenekes, 12 Aug 1778. FordXII:1024 probably the sloop in the RI case of Charles Jenks vs sloop Fancy, and filed for Appeal on 16 Oct 1778.

-----Fancy.
Force:5:III:1523, ND5:1183, American vessel, master Joseph Titcomb, Philadelphia to West Indies, captured 20 Jul 1776 by British Orpheus, Capt Charles Hudson.

Fancy.
Robertson(1959):152, privateer of NH, captured by British privateer and taken to Jamaica.

Fancy.
ND9:554, 570, ND10:15, 16, ND11:965n, MA privateer brig,captured British Cleveland, Dillon, Brunswick, Kennoul, U/I sloop.
Allen:126-127, Mill:136, Kaminkow:223, MA privateer brig from Newburyport under Capt John Lee taken Aug 1777 by the Foudroyant, and crew of 56 men to Mill Prison, where 11 escaped, 2 died, but none joined the British. Owners were Jonathan Jackson, John Tracy, and others of Newburyport. Capture:74-75, probably the privateer with 18 guns and 90 men who helped capture the Scipio in Nov., year not stated. JA6:291.

Fancy.
Allen:127, ND10:46, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, 40 tons, Capt John Farrey, 26 May 1777. Owners were John Farrey and Henry Newhall.

Fancy.
Ford1778:1025, sloop.

Fancy.
SCNavy:8, ND10:1206, sloop, Capt Johnson, apparently belonging to William Logan hired by state of SC in Jul 1779 to make a voyage to St Eustatius in the public interest.

Fancy.
Allen:127, LCP:84/85, MA privateer ship, 10 guns 24 men, Capt Jonathan Jewett, 7 Aug 1779. Owners were Moses Little and others. (See next entry for similar ship with different owners.)

Fancy.
LCP:84/85, Rand 829, MA/ME ship, 8 guns, 25 men, under Capt Samuel Coffin of Newburyport in 28 Dec 1780 (Record 609, then under Capt Samuel Rice of Kittery, ME, 13 Aug 1781 (Record 42). Owners were Jonathan Hamilton of Berwick and Robert Stevenson of Kittery.

Fancy.
Hoadly:III:480, CT sloop, being provisioned by William Hubbard of Norwich for a voyage to West Indies, Jul 1781.

Fancy & Jenny.
ND3:1368, probably American snow, Capt Richard Dickinson, from London to Baltimore, where he made a non-British declaration.

Fancy/Fancy Xmas.
NJNavy:216, in 1782 an armed boat of the NJ naval militia, Capt Adam Hyler.

Fanï. Rice:I:118n, ship in sketch by Verger at the beginning of the voyage by de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780.

Fanna.
Upton:111, an American privateer which captured a British brigantine (unnamed) and took her into Martinique, where she was apparently sold and the crew discharged. (This is likely one of the following vessels named Fanny.)

Fanny.
ND1:1361, ??? snow, 60 tons, 6 men, probably British, Capt John Tanner, active 22 Dec 1774, Annapolis to Vigo, with wheat.

Fanny.
Force:5:III:1528, ND5:582, 706, ND7:488, 560, ND10:1204, British brig, 75 tons, Capt Richard Blythe, Barbados to Halifax, captured by MA sloop Revenge, Capt Joseph White, libeled 20 Jun 1776. C335.

Fanny.
M:371, ND2:1354, ND3:685, 775, ND5:902, Eller:171, British brig/schooner, 90 tons, Capt John Cunningham, Cork for Boston, captured at Hampton Roads to York River 8 Jan 1776 by VA vessels and carried into Williamsburg, Jan 1776, condemned and prize money distributed to Capt James Barron in Jul 1776.

Fanny.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:1420, ND7:168, 642, British brig, Capt Samuel Lightborn, Antigua to London, captured by American Independence, 23 Feb 1777.

Fanny. ND3:1263, 1265, ND5:417, British brig, Capt William Tokely, loading for a voyage to Nantes, France, for the Secret Committee of the Continental Congress, Jun 1776. ND6:1001, 1053, 1469,1470 ND6:1470, ND7:470, 809, 906, ND8:358, British brig, Capt William Tokely, captured by American Eagle, 24 Aug 1776 or 13 Dec 1776. It arrived at Nantes 17 Apr 1777. (The allegiance of this vessel is not clear.) Ford1776:561.

Fanny.
R77:108, ND8:850, British ship, Capt Bell, Whitehaven to New York, captured by Massachusetts, Tyrannicide, 16 May 1777.

Fanny.
R77:406, DaviesXIII:154, 900, British brig of Berwick, Capt Joseph Mills, Christiana to London, captured and burned off Norway by American Tartar, Capt John Graham, 28 Jul 1777.

Fanny.
R76II:267, a 1776 prize, taken by Americans, from Barbados. ND5:902, possibly mentioned.

Fanny.
M:105, McMA:52, ND10:46, British snow, Capt Charles Poang/Poaug, St Christopher to Belfast, joint prize of MA privateers Dolphin, Gloucester, Hamden, Massachusetts in Aug 1777. ND10:46, libelled in MA Middle District, 5 Oct 1777.

Fanny.
R77:108, British vessel, Capt Steel, Belfast to the Leeward Islands, 1777.

Fanny.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Gladwin, Mississippi to London, 1777.

Fanny.
R77:514, British snow, Grenada to New York, 1777.

Fanny.
ND10:967, apparently a British brig, captured 29 Aug 1777 by British Rainbow off Seal Islands, but shown as retaken.

Fanny.
Capture:29, ND10:966, 967, British brigantine, Capt John Wood, 1777 by the privateer schooner True Blue, sent to Marblehead, recaptured 8 Jul 1777 or 29 Aug 1777 by the Mermaid, and taken to Halifax . The rebel crew escaped in a ship’s boat at Halifax.

Fanny.
McM:33-37, British sloop, prize of CT vessel, 1778. CTN:141, this may be the vessel captured in 1777 by the CT Navy Schuyler.

Fanny.
Mc:107, Nesser:152, ND11:1092, British snow, Capt William St. Barbe, captured by the Revenge of Dunkirk, Capt Conyngham, 12 Mar 1778 and later sold in Martinique.

Fanny.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:13:99, Sampson Barlow vs the schooner.

Fanny.
CTP:173-177, 190, British sloop, 35 tons, provisions for British Army, captured in early October off Long Island by the CT sloop Squirrel.
He placed Capt Woodcock on board as prizemaster and sent her to New Haven. She became becalmed near shore and Capt Woodcock abandoned her when a sail approached which proved to be the CT sloop Porcupine, Capt William Stewart.
So Capt Stewart took over the vessel, 15 Oct 1778, and sent her into Branford. C297.

Fanny.
C169, British sloop, captured in Sep 1780 in Long Island Sound by CT armed boats, Capt Ebenezer Jones.

Fanny.
McM:70, CTP:191, British schooner, Capt Donald James Brooks, prize of CT schooner Raven, 5 Jun 1781.

Fanny.
CTP:135, British victualler sloop, captured 28 Mar 1782 by CT sloop Industry.

Fanny.
C130, British sloop, captured 2 Apr 1782 in the CT River at Lyme, by the CT schooner Chatham, Capt Joshua Griffity and Joshua Cook, apparently head of local militia.

Fanny.
ND10:1210, Appeals Case 99, British schooner, Capt Bernard, 70 tons, New York to Halifax, taken by the armed boat Speedwell, Capt Josiah Sampson, May 1782, appealed 30 Jan 1783.

Fanny.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:13, 104, the sloop in Barlow vs Coffin, the claimant. The sloop was captured in 1783, but the case continued after the war.

-----Fanny.
ND1:1363, 1375, 1384, ND3:1368, 1369, 1370, probably American schooner, 45 tons, 5 men, Capt Purnell Johnson, entered Baltimore at different times from St. Croix, Turks Island, and Nevis in 1775/76. He made non-British declaration May 1775.

Fanny.
ND1:484, 1006, probably American vessel, active, St Eustatius to Portsmouth, VA 24 Jul 1775.

Fanny.
ND2:395, probably American schooner, Capt William Coward, paid fees at Oxford, MD, Aug 1775.

Fanny.
ND3:826, probably American sloop, Capt Nicholas Hyman, to be sent to Philadelphia, 16 Jan 1776. Possibly the sloop in West Indies trade, 1776.

Fanney.
ND4:121, MD schooner, Capt James Carmichael, to make a salt run to the West Indies, from Annapolis, Feb 1776.

Fanny.
ND2:736, ND4:24-25, probably American ship, Capt David Sinclair, to be sent to Philadelphia, 16 Jan 1776, noted later, 26 Sep 1776.

Fanny.
ND4:1376, ND11:128, schooner, Capt James Mahoney, from VA, captured early 1776 in Windward Islands by Mr. John Fletcher and condemned at Antigua 12 Mar 1776.

Fanny.
ND6:852, sloop, Capt Worth, captured 19 June 1776 by British Pomona.

Fanny.
Capture:28, ND6:277, 278, ND4:1342, ND5:648, sloop, master William Britton, permit to go down Delaware River and Bay, May 1776, captured before 29 June 1776. ND5:648, American sloop, Capt William Button, permit to go down the river in May 1776 with a pilot. ND5:1121, ND6:278, captured by the British Niger, Capt George Talbot, libeled in Halifax, 18 Jul 1776 and sold.

Fanny.
ND6:77, American brigantine, captured by Revenge, 3 Aug 1776.

Fanny.
ND6:1124, American sloop, captured by British Niger, 26 Sep 1776.

Fanny.
ND6:940, 1267, schooner, Capt Samuel Darrell, permit to sail to Bermuda, 14 Oct 1776.

Fanny.
Force:5:III:1523, ND7:131, 285, 317, 318, 628, American sloop, master Daniel McKay, St Eustatia to Philadelphia, captured 13 Nov 1776 by British Orpheus, Daphne , some crew members exchanged Dec 1776.

Fanny. ND6:797, ND7:1029, ND8:490, American sloop, Capt Thomas Ridley, permit to sail to Hispanolia 12 Sep 1776, captured by British Camilla, 23 Jan 1777.

Fanny.
ND11:449, American schooner, captured by British Porcupine, Capt James Cortes, 28 Jan 1777. ND7:1055, ND8:162, American schooner captured by British Porcupine, 28 Jan 1777.

Fanny.
Hinman:274, 450, CTP:86, 154, 168, ND8:977, ND9:174, American CT brig, Capt Azariah Whittlesey, among six prizes captured a prize ship carrying a quantity of lead desired by the state of CT, but it was landed to the eastward (probably in RI or MA), and Gov. Trumbull asked to take measures to purchase it, Apr 1777. Name of prize ship not given.

Fanny.
ND9:193, ND10:410n shows master Thomas Tucker, Jr, captured 26 June 1777 by Daphne.

Fanny.
Combat:50, privateer, 16 guns, 80 men, helped capture the brigantine Lord Dungannon.


Fanny.
ND9:124, American schooner, Stonington to Baltimore, captured by British and sent to New York, 16 June 1777. This may be the schooner under Capt Benjamin Cluverius captured by the British Senegal, reported as 10 Jul 1777.

Fanny.
Hinman:473, Nantucket boat, Capt Seth Mayo, moving salt to CT to exchange for flour, Jul 1777.

Fanny.
ND9:972, ND10:619n, American privateer sloop, fitted out at Cape François, Capt Hegue, captured the British Tonnelier, 27 Aug 1777.

Fanny.
ND10:597, sloop from Charleston, SC, 25 Nov 1777. No other info.

Fanny.
Allen:128, MA privateer snow, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Richard Ober, 14 Jan 1778, owner Mark Lafitte.

Fanny.
Hinman:529, Nantucket, MA, sloop, Capt Paul Pinkham, permit to sell in CT salt and West Indies goods, and to purchase provisions for return to Nantucket.

Fanny.
DaviesXVI:107, 577, Dutch vessel, SC to St Eustatius, Capt John Patterson, captured Aug 1778 by privateer Seaford, Capt Robert Nell, from St. Christophers and libeled there.

Fanny.
ND8:1041, MA ship, Capt John Kendrick, comissioned 26 May 1777. Allen:59, 127, ND9:644, ND10:893, 917, 786, 90, MA privateer brigantine, 18 guns, 100 men, Capt John Kendrick of Wareham, May 1777, captured British Clarendon, Hanover Planter, Scipio, William, Wolfe. Owners were Adam Babcock and Archibald Blair. (The Fanny was called the Boston while in France in 1777.) R79:146, ND11:1050, captured Oct 1778.

Fanny.
Billias:194, probably MA schooner, 65 tons, mentioned.

Fanny.
Billias:194, probably MA schooner, 92 tons, mentioned.

Fanny.
VANavy:153, VA brig, Capt John Young, captured in 1779 off Cape Henry by two British ships, crew taken to New York prison ship.

Fanny.
NR:290, LCP:84/85, LM MD ship, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Benjamin Loxley, Jr, Jun 1779.

Eller46, this may be the ship arriving from France in Baltimore, in early 1780.

Fanny.
DaviesXVI:577, 1336, Dutch ship, Capt J. Patterson, taken by British privateer, 1779/80.

Fanny.
NR:290, LCP:84/85, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Samuel Bulfinch, Mar 1781. C42, captured in Jan 1782 by British.

Fanny.
Allen:128, Howe:409, NR:290, LCP:84/85, Beverly, MA, brigantine, 6 guns 15 men, Capt Herbert Woodberry of Beverly, LM, 19 Aug 1780 (Record 247), captured 28 May 1781 by British brig Providence.

Fanny.
Allen:128, Paine:456, LCP:84/85, MA privateer brigantine, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Samuel Tucker of Salem, 16 May 1781(Record 348). Capture:28, brigantine, from Grenada to Salem, master Samuel Tucker, captured 18 Oct 1781 near Brown’s Banks by HMS Charleston.

Fanny.
Toth:177, probably an MA or RI privateer vessel from Newport, captured by British and processed at Port Royal, Jamaica, included papers showing the crewmen were paid in advance before leaving Newport.

Fanny.
M880:3, VA state navy schooner, Capt William Buchan/Bucken, moving supplies to Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Fanny.
CTP:263, red-bottomed sloop captured 18 Mar 1782 at Lyme in Connecticut River for doing illicit trade with Long Island by Capt Joshua Griffin and Joshua Cook.

Fanny Curthen.
Billias:200, mentioned.

Fanny & Elizabeth.
ND7:1216, American vessel captured illegally by the RI privateer Eagle, Feb 1777.

Fanny & Jenny.
ND1:1371, 1380, ND3:1368, probably American snow, 120 tons, 6 men, Capt Richard Dickinson, Annapolis to London, then later enters Baltimore from London, 8 May 1775.

Fant.
Rice:I:118n, French ship in sketch by Verger at the beginning of the voyage by de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780.

Fantaisie.
Malo:960, French privateer at Dunkirk, 1782.

Le Fantasque. Annual Register 21:182, Comm:31-34, French warship, 64 guns, Capt Suffren, in 1778 in Count D’Estaing’s squadron, crew listed. DaviesXVIII:48, French warship in West Indies in 1780. RM5:119, French ship of the line in RI in Sep 1782, advertised for sale, but still in French hands at Providence in Feb 1783. DaviesXVIII:48. Syrett(1989):98, 169.

Fantasque.
Rice:I:118n, Bouvet:35fn, French armed supply ship or transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780 after being converted into a transport to carry the squadron hospital.

Farmer.
DaviesXIII:323, 1979, British vessel, Capt John Alexander, threw dispatches from St Augustine overboard Jul 1778 when boarded by American armed vessel.

-----Farmer.
ND3:1000, ND4:701, 756, schooner, 40 tons, owner and Capt Nehemiah Field of Lewes, DE, which took corn on board for a trip to St Eustatia, 26 Jan 1776, which he used to trade for arms for Sussex County DE.

Farmer.
ND5:648, American schooner, Capt Robert Tyrie, permit to go down Delaware River without pilot except through the Chevaux de Frize, 12 June 1776.

Farmer.
ND7:893, Hinman:402, CT sloop, Capt John Miller, allowed to sail to West Indies with 12,000 staves, 8 Jan 1777.

Farmer.
R77:232, Eller:30, ND8:1054, American ship, Capt Benjamin Dasheil/Dashiell, from Baltimore to France with tobacco, taken 20 Jan 1777 by British Brune, Capt Hotham, and HMS Preston. Ford1779:81, 159, 167-165.

Farmer.
ND11:450, American schooner captured by British Boreas, Capt Charles Thompson, Jan/Feb 1777.

Farmer.
NR:290, CTP:87, LCP:84/85 (Record 758), NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT sloop, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Ebenezer Egleston, Jul 1780.

Father’s Desire.
McM:469, British ship, prize of NJ small gun sloop, Capt Adam Huyler of New Brunswick, 1781, wrecked in Raritan River, but saved cargo. C161.

Father’s Goodwill.
DaviesXIV:244, ND7:261, ND10:288, British transport, sunk in a Chesapeake Bay storm, 8 Oct 1777.

Favorite.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:1165, ND7:80, 991, British brigantine, Capt John Davis, Antigua to Liverpool, 180 tons, captured by Providence, 17 Oct 1776, released, or recaptured by British Galatea, 1776. Mc:365, British brigantine captured Sep 1776 by Continental sloop Providence, Capt John Paul Jones, who sent her to Philadelphia. Force:5:III:1527, this may be the British vessel recaptured from the Americans in 1776 by the British Galatea.

Favorite.
ND8:761, ND9:721, British Army Transport, Capt Christopher Yeomans, captured and condemned 24 Feb 1777 by Massachusetts.

Favorite (HM). ND6:580, ND7:1184, ND8:976, ND10:392, ND11:644, British sloop, Commander William Fooks, RN, captures American Ranger, and on 31 Oct 1777, Paschal Bonavitta’s schooner, and the sloop Amitie, at St. Vincents 10 Mar 1777.
ND1:430 this may be the HMS corvette type sloop with 100 men cruising around Antigua, 1775.

Favorite.
ND8:850, ND9:186, ND11:749, British Army Transport, Capt John Bell, transferred troops to other vessels, 23 Apr 1777, captured by Massachusetts 17 June 1777.

Favorite.
ND9:138-39, ship, probably British, left convoy from New York 18 June 1777.

Favourite (Forrester).
R77:406, ND9:422-23, 476-77, British brig, Capt Caleb Grave, Morpeth to Dublin, captured by American Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, sunk, 23 June 1777.

Favorite.
ND10:362, probably British brigantine, formerly the American Friendship, not other info.

Favorite.
Emmons 42/43, British brig captured by the American Andrew Doria, Capt. J. Robinson.

Favourite.
Mc:208, 347, British coal brig, prize which sank Jun 1777.

Favorite.
McMA:50, British brig, captured by MA vessels in Apr 1781 near the English coast.

Favorite.
Sands:193, British ship-rigged troop transport of 221 tons, Capt Joseph Willson, owner Thomas Fisher, sunk in the Battle of Yorktown, Oct 1781, where it had been used as a prison ship. The owner sought compensation from the British government.

-----Favorite.
ND4:575, 1481, ND6:819, ND7:113, 167, 642, RI privateer sloop, Capt Abner Coffin, in 1776 captured British Hannah, Peggy.
Maclay:78, 115, C64, RI privateer brig, Capt Abner Coffin in Nov 1776, which captured ships in 1776 and 1778. ND7:642 condemned Dec 1776.

Favourite.
ND9:982, ND10:67, 236, 451, MA state prison brigantine, Capt Roger Bartlet, 30 Sep 1777.

Favorite.
ND10:1044, probably American schooner captured by Montague’s Squadron, 29 Nov 1777.

Favorite.
Dandridge:191, flag of truce ship returning from Bermuda to VA with released prisoners, was robbed by the British. ND10:778, this may be the cartel brigantine, Capt John Browne, 17 Dec 1777. Prisoner lists are in MAS. ND11:84, Nicolas Bartlett, Jr, was also its Captain, fitting out in Boston 10 Jan 1778.

Favorite.
NLHS:I:IV:8, 28, CT privateer brig, Boston to New London, was lost on Cape Cod, but the crew was saved.

La Favorite.
ND6:622, ND7:588, ND9:426, 813, 884, ND11:1108, LG:610, French Navy Corvette, 12 guns, from Brest, Capt Baron de Coëtnempren de Kersaint, active in 1777 and 1778 at Martinique and Guadaloupe.

Favorite.
ND11:68, American schooner, Capt Samuel Smith, St Croix to NC, captured by British Galatea, 8 Jan 1778.

Favorite.
Allen:128-29, MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 10 men Capt John Guliker, 14 Oct 1778, owners Thomas Adams and others. (The next vessel sounds like the same one under a different owner.)

Favorite.
ND11:438n, MA privateeer brigantine (formerly Irish Gimblet), Capt John Lamb, fitted out 26 Feb 1778. Allen:128, 129, CTP:268, active 27 May 1778, by 16 Jun 1779 captured and taken to Halifax.

Favorite.
Allen:129, schooner, 8 guns, 15 men, Capt David McLeod, 21 Sep 1779, owner David Clark.

Favorite.
Allen:129, MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Jonathan Oakes, 22, 23 Mar 1780, owner William Shattuck of Boston.

Favourite.
C205, NH privateer brigantine, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Stephen Meade, Aug 1780.

Favourite.
Kaminkow:224, American vessel, Capt Jeremiah Morgan, captured before Dec 1780, perhaps by the British Flora.

Favourite.
R82I:238, American privateer, 150 tons, 100 men, 22 guns, taken by British Medea.

Favorite.
R82II:274, American brig, loaded with flour, captured 2 Jul 1781 by British Jason, Vestal.

Favourite.
NR:291, CTP:87, LCP:86/87(Record 874), CTP:86-89, C41, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT brigantine, 14 guns, 75 men, Capt Jonathan Buddington, Jun 1781, captured 30 Aug 1781 by the British frigate Medea and sent into New York.

Favorite.
Howe:429, Allen:129, Paine:455, LCP:86/87, MA privateer brigantine, 11 guns, 50 men under Capt William Patterson of Salem, 21 May 1782 (Record 529); and likely as a ship under Capt Nathaniel Sargent, Nov 1782 (Record 642). The ship was owned by Daniel Sargent and others of Boston.

Favorite.
NR:291, CTP:89, LCP:86/87(Record 811) , LM CT brig, 4 guns 12 men, Capt Peter Dubosqe, May 1782.

Favourite.
LCP:86/87, MA brig, 100 tons, 10 guns, 20 men, Capt Isaac Somes 14 Dec 1779; and Capt Elias Davis, 6 Dec 1781 (Record 104), owners Daniel Sargent and others of Boston. Kaminkow:224, Capt Elias Davis, taken on voyage Port au Prince to Amsterdam, in June 1782 by British Shaftsbury.

Favorite.
C40, MD ship, 22 guns, 80 men, Capt James Buchanan, Aug 1782. RM5:188, this may be the tobacco transport of the Annapolis firm of Wallace, Johnson, and Muir operating to Nantes. RM6:558, deemed a missing ship in Oct 1782.

Favorite Hannah.
NR10:1208, British schooner, Capt Fuller, 30 tons Halifax to West Indies, taken by the Rambler, trial 21 Nov 1780.

Fayette.
NR:291, LCP:86/87, LM PA brig, 14 guns, 60 men, Capt Robert Shewell/Shepwell, Jul 1778, and Capt Samuel Davison, Nov 1780.

Fearnot/Sans Peur.
Malo:957, 960, 967, Clark:v, 123, 140, McM:430, French privateer cutter, 19 guns, 85 men, bought by Jean Torris, authorized by Benjamin Franklin to work as a privateer with the Black Prince and Black Princess, in use in British home waters after it was armed in Mar 1780. Luke Ryan was Captain, but he only made four captures. Volo:47.

Fearnaught.
Coggins:106, Paullin:448, MD Navy barge built in 1778, fitted out in 1782, part of Capt Whaley’s force in Nov 1782 in the Battle of the Barges. Silverstone:18.

Fearnought.
Kaminkow:224, American vessel of this name was captured Mar 1782.

La Fée.
SchV:45, NavChronII:107, French frigate, 36 guns, in 1782 in the Bay of Biscay captured the British Alligator.
Villiers:300, escorted convoy from Rochefort to La Corogne, 1780.

La Felicidad.
A3:XI:36, 37, probably a Spanish frigate in New Orleans in 1781. Beerman:168, goleta returning to New Orleans, taken by the British to Jamaica, 1783.

La Felicite.
ND7:1253, brigantine, probably French, active 1777.

Felicité.
Force:5:III:1524, American or French vessel, master ??? Gouace, Rhode-Island to Cape François, captured in 1776 by British Hilton. ND6:734, shows captor as Cerberus 7 Sep 1776.

Félicité.
M&S:248-250, French or American vessel, 16 cannon, Capt Brisson, which joined a Beaumarchais fleet going to France in 1779, taking part in the capture of the British Marlborough.

Félicité.
ND11:374, 375, 350, 558, French ship, Capt Bertrand Olivier, from Beverly, MA, to St. Domingue, captured on 15 Feb 1778 by British Apollo, and sent into Newport.

Félicité.
ND7:1252-53, brigantine. Felicité.
Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780.

Felicity.
ND1:736, ND2:736, ND4:693, British victualer vessel, Capt John Breen/Brun, active 1775 and refitted in Antigua in Apr 1776 and put in Parker’s fleet 23 Nov 1776.

Felicity.
ND7:466, probably British sloop, active, on Lake Erie, 12 Dec 1776.

Felicity.
ND8:262, British brigantine, 120 tons, Capt William Park, captured by American True Blue, and libeled in MA, 22 Apr 1777.

Felicity.
ND8:82-83, American brig, Capt Vincent Simeone, captured by British Roebuck, 16 June 1777.

Felicity.
M880:3, 4, GWA:238, C62, British prison ship stationed at New York Harbor, 1777 and 1778. DaviesXVI:957, possibly the British storeship mentioned.

-----Felicity.
NR:292, LCP:86/87, LM MD schooner, 6/10 guns 25 men, Capt Jeremiah Yellot, Jul 1779, Capt Frederick Folger, Aug 1780, Capt Thomas Cole, Jan 1781. It worked with the Antelope to capture several British vessels.

Felicity.
NR:292, LCP:86/87, LM PA schooner, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Peter Wing, Nov 1781.

Felicity.
R82I:238, small American privateer, 10 tons, 20 men, 6 guns, captured in 1781 by the British Fortunée.

Felicity.
Allen:129, MA privateer brig, 6 guns, 40 men, 1782. Paine:456, Salem brig, 8 guns, 20 men.

Felix.
C15, NH brigantine, 9 guns, 19 men, Capt Samuel Barnard of Haverhill, MA, active Nov 1779.

Fell.
ND2:1039, 1124, 1213, 1215, ND4:744, ND5:197, ND6:1345, ND7:956, ND9:333, British snow, active 1775 and 1776, until captured by American Lizard 21 May 1776. ND10:142 shows a Quebec Province armed vessel, Capt Barnfair.

Fellowship.
“The Royal Gazette, 29 Jan, 1783,” American brig, Capt David Higgins, from Portsmouth, NH, sailed from there with the Good Hope on 29 Dec 1782, and was captured in the Grenadines on 6 Jan 1783, and was sent into New York.

La Fendant.
DaviesXX:70, ND11:988-990, JA8:359, Comm:98-107, French Navy ship of the line, 74 guns, in d’Estaing Squadron in 1778 and later in the West Indies after wintering at Yorktown, 1781. Crew listing for 1779. Selby:210, 74 gun french warship, wintering at Yorktown, notified that a British fleet had left New York, 1780 or 1781.

Fenelon. SchV:58, French cutter, 14 guns, 92 men, captured in 1779 in the Channel by the British cutter Rattlesnake, Lt Knell.

Fenix/Phoenix.
ND11:1125, Spanish Navy ship of the line, at Cadiz 27 Mar 1778. Syrett:87, captured by HMS Defence 11 Dec 1781.

Ferdinand.
DaviesXV:72, FordX:298, French ship, 44 guns, 250 men, on the way to VA, 23 Feb 1778. ND11:519, Capt Denis-Nicolas Cottineau de Kerloguen,

Ferguson.
CTN:31, CT sloop, out of New Haven, Capt Alling Allen, used to collect information on Long Island Sound, 27 Jul 1777. This vessel was working with the Spy, Capt Niles.

Ferragus. Loménie:303, French privateer ship, 1778.

Ferret.
SchV:46, ND1:429, ND3:1394, British corvette, 14 guns, 100 men, Capt James Rodney, foundered in the West Indies in 1775, crew perished.

Ferret.
ND4:1041, ND5:1354, ND6:448, British sloop, Capt James Rodney, blocked American squadron in Antigua, 16 April 1776.

-----Ferret.
ND10:209, ND11:452, NC schooner captured perhaps 18 Oct 1777 but before 18 Nov 1777 by tender of British Aeolus.

Ferret.
VANavy:165, NR:292, LCP:86/87, LM PA privateer schooner of 8 guns, 24 men, Capt James Robertson, Aug 1779. FordXVIII:925, vessel shown as a Cont. schooner in Oct 1780, after its capture.

Ferryboat/Fowey.
ND10:354, 181, British ship, Capt William Channel, Waterford to Halifax, captured by Mars, libelled in MA Middle District, 30 Oct 1777. MAS16:76, Capt Truckman, said to be Capt of ship Mars, when Ferryboat was captured some time before 23 Oct 1777. 

Fessey.
CTP:91, 207, privateer schooner, Capt Joseph Griffith, participated in taking one prize near Point Judith, case was appealed by Aaron Lopez. This was probably the British sloop Liverpool, Master Jabez Cobb, captured 17 Apr 1778.

Fidélifé.
Villiers:399, French merchant ship in North American trade, 1780.

Fidelity.
Sands:194, British transport of 262 tons used as a cartel ship during the summer of 1781, Capt Robert Pilmour, reported sunk during the Battle of Yorktown, Oct 1781.

-----Fidelity.
ND5:92, American schooner, Capt Broadhurst, Martinico to Brunswick, forced into Great Egg Harbor, NJ, by a British tender, 14 May 1776.

Fidelity.
Force:5:III:1523, ND5:1134, American schooner, master William Willis, Philadelphia to West Indies, captured near Cape May 3 July 1776 by British Orpheus, Kingfisher.

Fier.
ND8:976, French ship, Capt Larrieu, captured by British Riddle, 16 Apr 1777.

Fier, converted to store ship, 1780.

Le Fier Rodrigue.
JA7:124, Comm:45-48, French ship of the line, 50 guns, in d’Estaing fleet 1779, crew listed. It took part in the battles of the West Indies in 1781. One vessel of this name was converted into a storeship in 1780. It may have been listed as a flute in 1781. Selby:180, 181, 210, 54 gun French vessel wintering at Yorktown, 1780. Augur:284, 329, M&S145-162, ND11:949, 956, formerly the Hippopotame, Beaumarchais flagship, Capt de Montant, well armed with 50 guns, sometimes impressed to join the French fleet, active 1778. Ford1778:576, 584, 678, 686, Ford1779:691. JA6:193, 266, 7:104, 10:63, this may be the Fier when it joined the French fleet.

Fiery Trial.
CTP:91, CT privateer vessel, Capt Nathaniel Thompson, took one prize in Gardiner’s Bay, Long Island Sound, Mar 1783.

Fifth Regiment.
ND6:294, VA schooner, Capt Thomas Roberts, given permission to sail to Curaçao or any other port allowed, 24 Aug 1776.

Fille Unique.
NavChronIV:410, French flute/transport with Suffren off Pondicherry in Feb 1782.

Financier.
NR:293, LCP:86/87, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt John Harr, Aug 1781 (Record 899).

Financier.
C82-83, MD ship, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Daniel Darby, Aug 1782. RM7:251, probably the tobacco laden ship, under escort of L’Emeraude, the tobacco ship being captured by the British. This ship was captured in January, 1783 by the British Centurion and the British frigate Pandora and ordered into New York where part of its cargo was sold 12 Mar 1783.

Fine.
LG:490, R83I:187, French vessel which joined Suffren on the way to Indian Ocean.

Firebrand.
SchV:50, British vessel, 8 guns, Capt R. Hill, burned by accident in 1781 at Falmouth.

-----Firebrand, 1 gun. Coggins:99, PANavy:342, ND9:735, ND11:104, armed guard boat, Capt Benjamin Rue, Feb 1777. C266.

Firebrand.
CTPR75/76:120, one or more guns used for ballast on this vessel, May 1775.

Firebrand.
RM5:375, letter regarding this brig of Jan 1782 between Robert Morris and the Dutch firm of John de Neufville and Company of Amsterdam.

Firebrand, Fox, Spy.
CTP:91, 219, three CT privateer boats, 1 gun, 10 men each, all under Capt Abraham Cooper Woodhull, 11 Jul 1782.

Firebrand.
NR:293, CTP:90, LCP:86/87(Record 731), NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT brigantine, 16 guns, 60 men, Capt Amaziah Jocelin/Johnson, Sep 1779, took one prize, Capt Caleb Trowbridge, Aug 1781, driven ashore on Guilford bar 14 Jul 1782. C316.

Firebrand.
NR:293, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT boat, 1 gun, 10 men, Capt Abraham Cooper Woodhull, Jul 1782. CTRec:604, shows Capt H. Nicholas, etc.

Firebrand.
Allen:130, NR:293, LCP:86/87(Record 217), LM MA privateer brigantine, 10 guns, 35 men, Capt Phoenix Frazier of Boston, 6 Oct 1782.

El Firmo.
SchIV:358, Spanish warship, 70 guns, at Cadiz in Nov 1780. It took part in 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.

Fireship. Clark:I:59, under Capt Thomas in August 1776 attacked British ships Phoenix and Rose, but in the darkness only found a tender ship but set fire to her.
Clark:I:59, under Capt Fosdick in August 1776 attacked British ships Phoenix and Rose.

First Attempt.
ND5:1286, ND9:104, American schooner, Capt Nicholas Johnson, captured by British Seaford, 12 June 1777.

Fisher.
ND2, 1303-1304, ND4:1175, American/Tory schooner, Capt John Moody/Moodie, captured while trading with British, 6 Dec 1775, and libeled in MA by April 1776. ND1:1219, probably the schooner mentioned, 1775.

Fisher.
ND9:282, American schooner, Capt Samuel Masury, captured by British Ariadne, 13 Jul 1777.

Fisher & Friendship.
ND1:1025, American snow, Capt William Forrester, captured 4 Aug 1775 by British sloop Cruizer, Capt Francis Parry, condemned at Brunswick, 9 Aug.

Fish Hawk.
ND2:1349, ??? schooner, 30 tons, Capt John Phillips, probably British, St. Christophers to Roanoke, in ballast, 1 May 1775.

-----Fish Hawk.
Howe:409, LCP:86/87, there are four records for a Beverly sloop of 50/60 tons, 8 guns, 16/40 men as either a privateer or a LM for Capt William Groves, Sep 1779, owners Josiah Batchelder and others of Beverly ; Capt Samuel Foster for 1 Dec 1779 (Record 454), same owners; for Capt Israel Ober for 1 Sep 1780 (Record 265); and again for Capt Samuel Foster for 2 May 1781. Howe:404, R81II:287, sloop, 32 men, under Capt Samuel Foster was captured in 1781.

Five Brothers.
CTP:233, British schooner, 25 tons, Capt Abraham Cook, captured near Huntington Harbor, Long Island, 1 Feb 1779 by the CT armed boat True Blue.

-----Five Brothers.
Kaminkow:224, C235, American Capt William Patten/Patton, captured before Dec 1779.

Flammand/Heureux.
ND10:, 667, 764, 963, 1131, ND11:498, 765, French merchant ship, Capt Pierre Landais and Capt de Fassy, 1777/78. Augur:140, NR:66, merchant ship provided by Beaumarchais, 1776, arrived 1777, Capt Landais. FordX:199, proposed to be loaded with rice in SC, Feb 1778. Ford1779:690. JA6:198, 7:146.

Flamand/Flammond.
R83I:302, French navy vessel, 500 men, at Madras, Jan 1781, 1782, and June 1783.

Flambeau.
ND11:217, French brig, Capt Jean Cas Major, captured 27 Jan 1778 and sent to St. Augustine by British Carysfort, Lizard.
Owned by Casamajor & LaCoste of of St. Domingue.

La Flèche.
Annual Register 21:182, French frigate, 26 guns Capt de Castellannis, in 1778 in Count D’Estaing’s squadron.

La Flèche.
French barque, 18 guns, from Toulon, in Mediterranean cruises, Oct 1778.

Fleece.
R77:108, ND8:848, Connor:176(1876) British brigantine, Capt Fortune, Lisbon to Dingle, captured by Rising States, Capt James Thompson, 3 April 1777. Arthur Dillaway brought her to port in France as prizemaster.

 Fleur-de-Mai.
Malo:949, French lugger with 2 guns at Dunkirk, 1780.

Fleuril Le Mer.
ND5:46, schooner, probably French, active mid 1776. British sources show a 16 gun Fleur de la Mer active at Savannah, Sep 1779.

Fleurieux.
Bouvet:43, French vessel deployed on the coast of Spain late during the war.

Floating Battery.
ND5:857, Delaware River defense battery, Capt John Henesy, 111 men, 1776. The floating battery was eventually named Putnam, which see.

El Flor del Mayo.
Lewis:123, Spanish ship worth 58,525 pounds, condemned by the Bahamian Vice Admiralty Court.

Flora.
DaviesII:78, 135, ND2:78, 135, apparently British snow, Capt Thomas/Nicholas Forrester, Newport to London, Sep 1775, escorted out of harbor by HMS Rose.

Flora.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:757, British vessel, Capt Whitehorne/Whitburn, Newfoundland to Spain (market), 90 tons, captured by Sturdy Beggar, 22 Nov 1777.

Flora.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Robinson, Newfoundland to a market, 1777.

Flora.
R77:406, British vessel, Capt Heberdine, West Indies to New York, 1777.

Flora.
R77:406, British schooner belonging to Jamaica, 1777.

Flora.
R77:514, British vessel, Capt Wallace, Leeward Islands to St Augustine, 1777.

Flora.
ND11:870, British brig, Capt John Robins, captured by American General Mercer, 3 Jan 1778, then released to move British prisoners to England, 1778

Flora (HMS) ND3:370, ND4:1093, ND5:1359, ND6:1324, ND7:962, ND8:80, ND9:191, ND10:125, ND11:288, SchV:46, M:175, 290, British frigate, 32 guns, 220 men, Capt John Brisbane, sunk at RI 7 Aug 1778 to prevent it falling into American or French hands. DaviesXII:246, XIII:816, 1131, XIV:179, 155, retook HMS Fox, XV:63, 128. Probably JA5:284, 285. Volo:263. Chapelle:73, 84. Syrett:141, Syrett(1989):47, 72, 102..

-----Flora. Howard:267, merchant ship operating in the West Indies in 1779. Allen:130, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Eleazar Ingals, 28 Jul 1779, owner Peter Joseph Lion of the Island of Guadeloupe.

Flora.
DaviesXII:203, American vessel, Capt Thomas Wilton, arrived in Netherlands, Nov 1779 suspected of carrying arms and ammo to America.

Flora.
McM:430, GWA:536-537, apparently a Dutch ship with English cargo which became a prize of the Black Prince of Dunkirk, France, Capt Patrick Dowlin, Apr 1780. Soon afterwards, the Black Prince was mistakenly driven onto the rocks on the coast of France by a French frigate flying British colors. C95. Litigation over the Flora cargo went on for years.

Flora.
NR:294, LCP:88/89, LM PA ship, 16 guns, 75 men, Capt Ephraim Doane, Oct 1779, Capt William Brewster, Jul 1780, Capt William Brewster Nov 1780, Nathaniel David Gardner, Jul 1781, and possibly Capt Hugh Lyle in July 1781, with 14 guns, 25 men.

Flora.
Allen:131, NR:294, LCP:88/89, LM MA privateer brigantine, 14 guns, 25 men, Capt Elisha Turner of Boston, 14 Feb 1781 (Record 418); probably also under Capt Jacob Dunnell of Boston, 10 Oct 1781 (Record 126). M880:3, shows a cargo of military stores transferred to a vessel named Flora by the sloop Nancy, Capt Perry Duncan, in Oct 1781 in support of Yorktown.

Flora.
M880:3, sloop, Capt Gaddis, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Flora. Allen:131, frigate of 26 guns, which took the British Industry in 1782. Griffin:190, ship retired at Bordeaux, France, in Nov 1782. Dandridge:278, frigate of 32 guns at harbor in Bordeaux, France in 1783.

Flore.
ND11:1131-32, LG:642, French Navy frigate from Toulon, 26 guns, Capt Henri-Caesar,Marquis de Castellane-Majastre, vessel considered for d’Estaing’s Squadron in 1778, but actually returned to France where it part in the Siege of Minorca, 1779.

Florian.
ND8:816, ND9:191, 220, American brig/ship, Capt James Dowell/Dawel, captured by British Raisonable, 4 May 1777. DaviesXIII:533.

Florida. ND3:1265, ND4:555, ND5:1251, ND7:966, ND8:968, ND9:329, ND10:294, British survey sloop ran aground 26 Jul 1776, but was back in operation 15 Jan 1777. DaviesXI:182, XIII:1859.

-----Florida.
ND4:1480, sloop, Master Peleg Wood, RI to Isaac Capes, in Cont. service, fitted out by Nathaniel Green & Company of Warwick, RI, 10 Apr 1776. Searcy46, 48-49, 51, possibly the vessel mentioned.

Flushing/Flushinger.
SchV:67, TLG(1783) Dutch privateer or armed vessel, from Flushing, the Netherlands, 12 guns 68 men, captured 21 Jan 1783 in the English Channel by the British cutter Resolution, Lt E. Pellew, and ordered into Grimsby Roads. Before the Flushinger was captured, her captain and lieutenant were killed, and her Captain of Marines and six others wounded.

Fly.
ND6:450, ND7:1178, ND8:74, ND9:768, ND10:776, ND11:598, British sloop, Lt Edward Garner, at Antigua, 10 Mar 1777.


Fly.
R77:406, British vessel, Capt Charter, Corke to New York, 1777.

Fly.
ND9:421, British brig, Capt J. Harvey, captured by American Montgomery, 22 June 1777. R77:108, British vessel, Capt Harvey/Hawry, Alicant to Newfoundland, 1777. R77:406 shows this vessel retaken.


Fly.
R77:5 14, ND10:1153, British sloop, Capt Burden, London to West Indies, captured by the Oliver Cromwell, libelled in MA Middle District, late Dec 1777.

Fly.
R77:514, ND11:11, British sloop, 70 tons,Capt John Bray, London to Senegal, captured by American brigantine Oliver Cromwell, Capt William Cole, libeled in MA Middle Court, 16 Jan 1778.

Fly.
CTP:55, 94, British sloop, Capt Alexander McCaskie, from Newfoundland, captured Sep 1779, by CT sloop Gates and sloop Beaver.
C268.

Fly.
CTP:190, British schooner captured Oct 1780 by CT armed boats Rattlesnake, Viper, Saratoga, tried at Fairfield. C169.

Fly.
SchV:44, Silverstone:93, British cutter, 14 guns, Capt M. Ponsonby, captured in 1781 by the French on the coast of America.

Fly.
McM:284, British schooner, prize of MA vessel, Dec 1781.

Fly.
Sheffield:Apr 10, 1880, British vessel captured by RI Capt Oliver Read in the Hero.

Fly.
Mc:451, British snow captured and sold in 1781 by MA privateer Thorn, Capt Samuel Tucker.

Fly.
CTP:233, British sloop, 30 tons, Capt Littleton Ford, rum, captured 20 Dec 1782 by CT sloop Tiger. C169.

-----Fly.
ND2:149, 254, American sloop in which military stores were imported, 30 Sep 1775.

Fly.
ND5:647, American schooner, Capt Allen, James Wharton, permit 19 Apr 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.

Fly.
ND3:24, 820, 1018, 1206, ND4:1459, ND5:1233, ND6:1301, ND11:463, Continental sloop, Capt Hoysteed Hacker, 1775 and 1778. The vessel may have been designated later as a schooner. (See next entry.)

Fly, 8 guns.
Fowler 60, Smith:41-42, 55, 74, 104, 124-126, PANavy 434, Coggins:203, ND7:1097, ND8:369, ND9:711, 777, 973, ND10:508, Capt Elisha Warner Continental Navy schooner in New Providence Expedition 1776. McPA:203, 203, 247, 250, in Jan 1776 a Continental sloop tender which damaged the Hornet in an accident, later was caught in bad weather and had to put in at a port in SC. It had 30 seamen. In Oct 1776 to Apr 1777 it was in defense of the Delaware River and was destroyed there at Red Bank to prevent capture 22 Nov 1777. PANavy:123-124, 434, shows a sloop with six guns. C326. ND11:463, Hoysteed Hacker was also a commander. Fowler:60, others. Silverstone:15, burned June 1777. Paullin:516, schooner, served 1775-1777. Possibly Chapelle:54-55. Miller:13. Coggins:203.


Fly.
C:261.

Fly.
R77:232, ND7:897, 1095, American sloop, Capt James Wilson, from Martinique, captured in Jan 1777 by British Phoenix.

Fly.
NR:295, LCP:88/89, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 45 men, Capt John Turner, Jul 1777 (Record 975).

Fly.
Rider:53, 97, sloop of RI, Capt Nicholas Power, Dec 1775, burned Nov 1777.

Fly.
R78:99, ND11:644, American sloop, Capt Timothy Toby, from NC, captured 28 Feb 1778 by British Libra, Aurora’s tender.

Fly.
ND9:93, 224, 223, ND11:93, 740, American privateer sloop fitted out at Martinique, Capt Thomas Palmer of Mansfield, captured British Betty, Catherine, Elizabeth, Derby, 1777. ND11:739, American sloop, Capt Stanton, former commander Thomas Palmer, fitted out at Martinique in spring of 1777, privateer in West Indies, Mar 1778.


Fly.
NR:295, LCP:88/89, LM MD sloop, 2 guns, 6 men, Capt Jonathan Parsons, Jun 1778, Capt Alexander Cain, Mar 1779, with 10 guns and 40 men.

Fly.
NR:295, LCP:88/89, LM PA schooner, 3 guns, 20 men, Capt Micajah Smith, Jul 1778 (Record 977).

Fly.
Howe:230, Allen:131, MA privateer sloop, 4 guns, 8 swivels, 50 men, in operation 28, 29 Aug 1778 under Capt John Marsh of Beverly, owners Benjamin Lovett and others of Beverly.

Fly.
NR:295, LCP:88/89, LM MD sloop, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt John Winning, Sep 1778.

Fly.
NR:295, CTP:92, LCP:88/89, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT sloop, 5 guns, 6 men, Capt Zephaniah Jennings, Dec 1778 (Record 715).

Fly.
Allen:131, schooner, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Joshua Burges, owners Henry Mitchell and others of Boston, 23 Mar 1779.

Fly.
Allen:131, R80I:350, MA privateer schooner, 2 guns, 25 men, Capt Nathaniel Bently, 6 Jul 1779, captured 1779. Owner was Samuel Batchelder of Newburyport.

Fly.
NR:295, LCP:88/89, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt William Crandell/Gandal, Feb 1779; Capt John King, May 1779 (Record 1026).

Fly.
NR:296, LCP:88/89, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Abraham Davis, Jun 1779 (Record 1042).

Fly.
Coggins:102, Dandridge:187, Silverstone:20, VANavy:152, armed pilot boat, VA Navy, 1779-83, sold in 1786 as a schooner-rigged boat.

Fly.
NR:296, LCP:88/89, LM MD schooner, 2 guns, 12 men, Capt Eaton Randolph/Rudolph, Aug 1779.

Fly.
PCP56, 57, FordXVI:140, Cont. sloop, Capt James Robinson, May 1780, deposed by his crew and put on the British Daphne. He claimed capture of the British Daphne, but the French contested this claim. FordXVII:461, letter of Feb 1780 from Edward Bronvill, regarding recapture of the sloop

Fly.
Allen:132, NR:296, LCP:88/89, C287, LM MA privateer schooner, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Micaiah Smith of PA, Jul 1779; Capt Silas Smith of Salem, MA, 22 Sep 1780 (Record 279) .

Fly, 8 guns, 1775-1777.
GWA:701, Ford1776:861, and Ford1780:140, 461, Cont. schooner, probably one of those mentioned above, but which cannot be firmly selected from among them. Volo:43, schooner, 8 guns.

Fly.
Eller:470, apparently a VA schooner, laden with James River tobacco, captured by HMS Charleston, Capt Evans, and sent in convoy to Sandy Hook, Feb 1781.

Fly.
NR:297, LCP:88/89, LM PA boat, 4 guns, 12 men, Capt Francis Du Closs, Jun 1781.

Fly.
Allen:132, Paine:456, NR:297, LCP:88/89, LM MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Christopher Babbidge of Salem, 12 Feb 1782 (Record 485); and probably under William Molloy/Mallory of Salem, 4 June 1782 (Record 500).

Fly.
Allen:132, NR:297, LCP:88/89, LM MA privateer boat of 9 men with small arms, Capt John Perry of St Georges, ME, 22 Aug 1781, and again with 1 gun, 14 men 29 June 1782, owner listed as Israel Mead and others of Boston (Records 485, 496).

Fly. Paullin:416, VA schooner under construction in 1783 at close of war.

Flyer.
CTP:316, American sloop, Capt Daniel, who sailed in 1778 with Capt Smedley of the CT Defence and shared ¼ of the prize money.

Flying American.
ND11:868, American merchant vessel, GA to France, captured 3 Jan 1778 by British Frigate, not named.

Flying Fish.
Emmons:46/47, British privateer, Capt Blair, captured by American force under Capt Samuel Tucker, May 1779.

Flying Fish.
McPA:333, Antigua/British privateer schooner, prize of Holker, Dec 1781.

Flying Fish.
SchV:51, British cutter, 14 guns, Lt C. Craven, lost near Calais in 1782, crew captured and sent to prison.

-----Flying Fish.
ND5:1176, ND6:75, 1169, sloop from GA, Capt Littlefield, with lumber, captured 20 Jul 1776 by British Antelope, Capt William Judd.

Flying Fish.
ND5:647, American sloop, Capt Thouron, Josiah Herves/Hewes, permit 19 Apr 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.

Flying Fish.
ND7:1095, ND8:1055, American sloop, Capt James Wilson, captured by British Phoenix 3 Feb 1777.

Flying Fish.
NR:297, LCP:88/89, LM CT schooner, Capt Hezekiah Crowell, Jan 1778 (Record 607).

Flying Fish.
Eller:470, schooner laden with tobacco driven ashore at Cedar Point, MD, by the Charlestown, Capt Evans, and left in a gale of wind.

Flying Fish.
Allen:131, Paine:456, LCP:88/89, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Anthony Divers of Salem, 1 Feb 1781 (Record 413); and probably with 12 guns, 50 men under Capt John Gavett, 28 May 1781 (Record 354). Capture:29, ship from Salem, Commander John Gavett, on the Banks of Newfoundland, taken to Halifax, N. S., in June 1781 by HMS Charlestown. The ship from Salem under Capt Gavett was owned by William Ranking and others of Salem (also shown as John Moriarity and others of Salem). Kaminkow:224, shows capture in May 1781, with indicates there may indeed have been two separate vessels.

Flying Fish.
CTP:92, CTprivateer armed boat, Capt Asa Fuller, took one prize, the British Delight, 8 Jul 1781.

Flying Fish.
M880:3, schooner, Capt Shedrech Garrison, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.

Flying Fish.
M880:4, schooner, Capt Sherwood, supported Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Flying Fish.
M880:4, schooner, Capt John Thompson, supporting Yorktown, Oct 1781.

Flying Fish.
NR:298, LCP:88/89, LM PA boat, 3 guns, 12 men, Capt Zachariah Goforth, Jul 1782 (Record 967).

Flying Fish.
DaviesXIX:434, 2456, Danish ship captured by HMS Jason, Sep 1782??. The Danes sought restitution.

Flying Fish.
Paullin:451, wartime schooner of MD. M:63/66, MD supply schooner, 1781, 1782. Banks:51, this may be the vessel, Capt John Cook, who was in the Jersey prison ship in 1781. C88, the 1782 MD Capt was M. Delisle, who was captured by the FL privateer Glory.
He killed the Prize Master 7 Oct 1782, recovered the Flying Fish and took her to Savannah, GA, Oct 1782.

Flying Fish.
Sheppard:352, ship taken by the frigate Boston, and manned with a prize crew.

Flying Fish.
Paullin:451, MD schooner, sold in May 1783.

Folkstone.
ND1:1337, ND2:700, Lt Joseph Nunn, unable to complete voyage to Boston 25 Jul 1775, forced to return to Plymouth 1 Sep 1775. ND3:404, ND5:1367, SchV:42, ND9:387, British cutter, 6/12 guns, 30 men, Lt. William Smith, II, captured in 1778 off the coast of France by a French frigate.

Folle, frigate, unfit for service, 1776.

Le Fonbonne.
Force:5:III:1525, American vessel, master W. De Gallet, Cape François to Philadelphia, with powder and arms, captured 1776 by British Camilla.

Formidable.
Sands:194, British sloop, 80 tons, 14 guns, Capt Nathaniel Horton, sent in June 1781 to move troops from VA to NY, which never happened. She was stationed with the Guadaloupe and Charon to defend the Fusilier’s Redoubt. She was captured by the French and used by La Villebrune in the summer of 1782 to carry supplies to Baltimore. DaviesXX:144, HMS. JA7:xi, possibly this ship of the line.

Forrester.
ND9:432, British brig, Capt Caleb Grave, captured by Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin22 June 1777.

Fortitude.
McM:444, British ship prize ransomed at Dunkirk, France, 1780. ND1:1109, 1179, ND3:1300, it is possibly the same transport mentioned at Halifax in 1775.

Fort Stanwin.
Kaminkow:224, American vessel, captured Apr 1780, with crew members to British prison.

Fort William.
Mc:420, British vessel captured Aug 1779 as a joint prize.

Fortuna.
DaviesXIX:783, British vessel, Capt C. Elis, taken 3 times in passage from Grenada, 1781-83.

Fortunate.
Williamson:239, British vessel captured in Sep 1781 in Chesapeake Bay.

-----Fortunate.
NR:198, LCP:90/91, Appeals Case 106, LM PA schooner/cutter, 4 guns, 45 men, Capt Martial Bortar/Boitar, Oct 1780.

Fortunatus.
VANavy:152, M:382/83, British tender, Lt Dickey, captured in 1779 by the VA boat Liberty, Capt Barron.

Fortune.
U:77, royal schooner in admiralty court case.

Fortune.
ND3:866, probably British brigantine, Capt Brown, London papers, at Charleston or Georgetown, SC, Jan 1776.

Fortune.
ND8:859, British ship, formerly Swallow, later La Diligente, 22 May 1777.

Fortune.
ND11:430, 591, British sloop, captured in 1777 by VA militiamen under Capt Richard Billips to be sold 26 Feb 1778.

Fortune.
ND11:237, 750, British ship, Capt Joseph Mass, captured by French privateer, then recaptured by British St Albans and Otter, 30 Jan 1778.

Fortune.
Mc:239, British brigantine, Morison:208, captured Aug 1779, by the Continental squadron under John Paul Jones.

Fortune.
SchV:43, British vessel, 18 guns, Capt L. Robertson, captured in 1780 by the French in the West Indies. Possibly Silverstone:92, 14 guns, captured 26 Apr 1780.

Fortune. McM:49, CTP:149, 150, Capture:29, British brig, Capt Thomas Blanche , part owner George Sutter, captured by 11 Mar 1781 by CT Marquis de Lafayette, Capt Peter Richards, and sent into New London but retaken by British privateer schooner Success, Capt Bennat Ireloan, 16 Mar 1781, which sent her into Halifax.

Fortune.
RM9:781, British sloop captured by American Alliance, sold in Cape François by Mr. Ceronio, 1782.

-----Fortune.
ND1:1377, 1385, ND2:394, ND3:1162, 1207, ND4:1168, 1170, American brig, 75 tons, 7 men, Capt Thomas Moore, from Jamaica to Annapolis with molasses, coffee, and cotton, later from London with servants, paid fees at Oxford, MD, Jan 1775. It was then sent by MD to West Indies for gunpowder, 10 Feb 1776. ND5:858, this may be the brig for which Lux & Bowly was paid for demurrage and detention 1 Jul 1776.

Fortune.
ND4:958, schooner, probably American, captures Mercury, 9 Mar 1776.

Fortune.
ND4:283, American brig, formerly Polly, captured and armed as a British tender off Hope Island, 10 Mar 1776.

Fortune.
ND7:1149, American brig, Capt Joseph Towner, captured by British Solebay, 7 Feb 1777.

Fortune.
LCP:90/91, NR:198, CTP:92, ND7:1320, ND8:1058, ND10:590, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT schooner, 2 guns, 10 men, Capt Andrew Palmer, Oct 1776, from St Thomas, captured off New London, 3 Feb 1777 and sent into New York (Record 432). R77:234, Capture:30, privateer schooner, commander Andrew Palmer, with 6 carriage guns captured by British Amazon, 3 Feb 1777 and sent into New York.

Fortune.
ND8:162, ND11:449, sloop/schooner captured by British Badger, Capt Charles H. Everitt, 20 Mar 1777.

Fortune.
Howe:323, there were 14 privateers with the Fortune name. Allen:132, MA privateer ship, Capt Simpkins, 22 guns, 4 cohorns, and 18 swivels, captured in 1777. On 11 May 1777, he had captured the British brig Boscawen, 18 guns, taking it into Boston.

Fortune.
R81I:32, corvette, French navy, 1781.

Fortune.
ND10:414, R77:407, said to be a rich French ship, Capt Ive Bertrand Kenguen/Kinguen/Canger , London to Cadiz, 1777. R77:514, probably Capt Kenyan, London to Cadiz. Klotz:29-32, probably the French naval vessel captured by American Civil Usage off Cape Finisterre 28 Sep 1777 and taken to Spain, where much legal wrangling began. ND9:667, Capt Berrade, libeled in MA, Middle District, 27 Nov 1777. Ford1777:231, Ford1778:1004.

Fortune.
ND11:192, 644-645, R78:99, NH brig, Capt William Trefethem, from Piscataqua, captured 1778 by British Yarmouth, 22 Jan 1778, and sent to Antigua.

Fortune.
ND11:164, American privateer sloop at Martinico in Jan 1778.

La Fortune.
ND11:129, French sloop, Capt François Serge, captured by British ships Lord North and another, Capts George Ross and William Baddicum, condemned 21 Aug 1777 at Antigua.

Fortune.
FordXII:1004, Appeals:xxxx, 162:4:31, the schooner vs Thomas Godwin, a case appealed from DE Court in Oct 1778.

Fortune.
Robertson(1959):97, American privateer captured in 1778 by British and taken to Jamaica.

Fortune.
C256, NH schooner, 2 guns, 45 men, Capt Thomas Rice, Sep 1778.

Fortune.
Allen:133, C30, MA privateer brigantine, 8 guns, 18 men, 100 tons, Capt Francis Boardman/Bowen, 28 Jun 1779, owners Miles Greenwood and John Dyson of Salem. (The next vessel sounds the same with different owners.)

Fortune. Smith:207, McMA:96, transport sloop, Capt David Drinkwater, used in the Penobscot Expedition, 1779. Greenwood:95, this may be the 14 gun ship put into the British navy.

Le Fortune. NavChronI:475, French naval frigate, 42 guns, 247 men, Capt Marigny, captured c Sep 1779 in West Indies by British under Rear Admiral Rowley. It was added to the Royal Navy.

Fortune.
CTP:218, CT armed boat, Capt Justus Buckley, assisted on 13 Nov 1779 the sloop Snake in capturing a large quantity of illicit British goods being imported from Long Island.

Fortune.
LG:480, 654, French frigate, 18 guns, in the Battle at Praia in 1779.

Fortune.
Howe:425, 427, LM brigantine in operation in 1779 and 1780.

Fortune.
Allen:133, MA privateer ship, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Edward Jarvis, 26 Feb 1780, owners John Welsh and others of Boston.

Fortune.
Allen 133, MA brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men under Capt Jesse Fearson 24 Apr 1780, owners Francis Boardman, John Brooks, and others of Salem.

Fortune.
Capture:55, sloop captured before 10 Oct 1780.

Fortune.
Allen:133, NR:298, LCP:90/91, LM MA privateer brig, 14 guns, 70 men, Capt John Cathcart, 1780; and probably under Capt Benjamin Ives of Salem, 3 Jul 1781 (Record 1071), and Capt Richard Ober, Nov 1781 (Record 468). Paine:455, Salem brig, Capt Benjamin Ives.

Fortune.
NLHS:I:IV:22, 28, CT privateer LM ship, Capt Henry Billings, 20 guns, to cruise in 1781.

Fortune.
R81II:260, American sloop captured in Jul 1781 by British Beaumont.

Fortune.
Allen:133, NR:298, LCP:90/91(Record 140). LM MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt Joshua Burges of Newburyport, 19 Mar 1781.

Fortune.
Allen:133, NR:299, LCP:90/91, LM MA privateer sloop, 3 guns, 12 men, Capt James Brown of Boston, 10 Aug 1781 (Record 664).

Fortune.
Smith:287, Mc:58, CT state sloop, captured by a British privateer in Aug 1782, but retaken by Americans in the Alliance, Capt John Barry, and sent to Cap François.

La Fortunée.
Fowler:151-52, Morison:135, Lux:18, JA7:379, French frigate which escorted Capt John Paul Jones out of Brest, France, in Apr 1778. Morison, 447, summary of what is known about the vessel. Capt Marigny was commander in 1778. JA7:379, French frigate, 1779. SchV:57, French vessel, 43 guns, 247 men, captured in the West Indies in 1779 in the aftermath of Savannah by vessels under Admiral Rodney. Volo:263.

Fortune’s Favor.
McM:431, British brig ransomed by the Black Princess of Dunkirk, 1780.

Fort William.
Mwhipple:114, British ship captured by Capt Abraham Whipple.

Forty-five.
NR:299, LCP:90/91, LM MA ship, 14 guns, 70 men, Capt John Beach, Nov 1782 (Record 237).

De Forze Maria.
Peabody:238, Dutch galliot boarded 2 Sep 1782 by the MA privateer brig Grand Turk, but allowed to pass.

Foubonne.
FordXI:744, owner and Capt of the ship, William de Galatheau, Esq, petition to Cont. Congress, Aug 1778, referred to Marine Comm.

Foudroyant (HMS). ND2:699, ND3:1408, ND4:1100, ND5:1368, ND6:570, ND7:717, ND8:807, ND10:1014, ND11:867n, British warship, 74 guns, 350 men, Capt John Jervis, RN, captured Lynch 19 May 1777 or 22 Oct 1777, probably condemned 2 Jan 1778. DaviesXI:114, guns used for defense of Charleston. JA9:30, 70. Syrett:141. Coggins:206.

-----Foudroyant.
NR:299, LCP:90/91, LM NH schooner, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt John Matthews, Aug 1782 (Record 49).

Foudroyant.
LG:380, French vessel of 45 guns operating off the coast of France in wartime.

Fouine.
Bouvet:100, 105, mentioned as active in 1782 off the coast of America, then moving surgeons and Medical personnel back to France in June, 1783.

Fountain.
NR:299, LCP:90/91, LM MD schooner, 12 guns, 20 men, Capt Gear Chadwick, Oct 1780.

Four Friends.
Lux:183n19, RM7:314, American ship, Capt Peter Cornelison, arrived in Philadelphia in early 1783 and was re-loaded with tobacco.

Fourme.
Bovet:100, used to transport wounded back to France, May 1783.

Four Quarters of the Globe.
RM8:846, trading vessel of La Caze and Mallet, moved American public goods from Lorient and Rochefort, France, and were paid in Mar 1784. Apparently, the La Caze & Mallet firm had earlier been involved in tobacco trades in VA.

Four Sisters.
Appeals:xxxx, 162:9:76, the schooner in Robinson vs Rogers the appellee. CTP:133, British schooner, with supplies for the British Army, decree granted the capturer, Capt Jared Robinson of the CT boat Humbird.
C261.

Fowey/Ferryboat.
R77:406, British ship, 300 tons, Capt Channel, Waterford to Halifax, captured by the Mars, 25 Nov 1777.

Fowey.
ND1:47, ND2:374, ND3:1008, ND4:1226, ND5:1021, ND6:1424, ND7:797, ND8:545, ND11:555, British frigate, 20 guns, 150 men, Capt George Montagu, in Virginia 1 Jan 1775. It served in the Delaware near Sandy Hook 9 Mar 1778. SchV:49, Sands:197-199, British vessel, 24 guns, Capt Peter Aplin, sunk 10 Oct 1781 in the Chesapeake at Yorkstown. Lawrence:44, may have mentioned this vessel. It is said this vessel was one of several sunk by hot shot from American shore batteries at Yorktown on 10 Oct 1781. The account by Sands indicates the vessel was bored. The French apparently recovered some of the burned or bored vessels, but the Fowey may have been too old. M:49, 169, 375. Cog:30, probably this frigate. DaviesXIV:38, 40, XV:65, XVII:242, 252, XX:173. Volo:129, 163, 166, 263. Paullin:396. Nelson:206. Coggins:206, captured brigantine Washington 5 Dec 175.

Fox.
ND7:814, probably a British storeship, arrived at Cape Coast Castle 30 Dec 1776.

Fox.
ND1:479, ND2:757, ND4:993, at London 31 May 1775, sent to Newfoundland 23 Mar 1776. SchV:41, Mc:290, 304, ND5:1364, ND6:1424, ND7:802, ND8:599, ND9:47, ND10:124, ND11:33, British naval frigate, 28 guns, 100 men, Capt Patrick Fotheringham, captured in Jun 1777 on the Banks of Newfoundland by the American frigates, Hancock and Boston.
ND9:284, 228, Greenwood:92, R77:406, Herbert:53, 57, 58, Blatchford:9, 47, 51, 52, British frigate captured by Captains John Manley and McNeill in the Hancock and Boston 7 June 1777, but recaptured by the British Flora 7/8 Jul 1777.
SchV:53, American prize, 28 guns, retaken off Nova Scotia, 1777, by the British Flora. . Kamenkow:224, ND11:288, Capt Stephen Hills of MA privateer Fox, captured by British Flora, Rainbow, 7 June 1777. The recaptured Fox, under the British Hon. T. Windfor, was then captured by La Junon of the French fleet of Brest and taken to Nantes, France. R77:514, DaviesXII:83, 245, XIV:143-144, 155, XV:66, 70, British King’s ship, Halifax to London, taken and retaken, 1777. JA5:272, showed a British frigate recaptured. Volo:168, 263. Silverstone:91. Paullin:163. Chapelle:73.

Fox.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Forley, London to Africa, 1777. JA7:132, 238, refers to a vessel of this name. ND3:765, British brig, Master Gilbert Folger, on a whaling voyage, 2 Jan 1776. These two entries may be for the same vessel with a mistake in name reading of the captain.

Fox.
M:175, Blatchford 9, 47, 51, 52, Herbert:53, 57, 58, HM frigate, Capt Patrick Fartheringham, was captured by the Hancock (Capt Manley) and Boston (Capt McNeill) in 1777 and taken to Flores in the Azores. Subsequently the Fox was recaptured and the Hancock was captured in Jul 1777. The British Rainbow took the American prisoners. DaviesXII:248, XIII:682, 816, XIV:111, 143, XIX:2449. Miller:34.

Fox.
McM:18, 42, CTP:181, British privateer schooner, Capt Joseph Hewes Burton, 12 guns, 50 men, captured by CT sloop Randolph, Capt Nicoll Fosdick, 5 Apr 1782. Prizemaster Capt Charles Bulkley took the Fox into New London. C113.

Fox.
Allen:275-276, British sloop captured c May 1782 by the MA schooner Scammel’s Revenge, Capt Noah Stoddard, and sent into Boston in June. C299.

Fox.
ND10:1209, British schooner, 70 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by Scammel, 20 Aug 1782.

-----Fox.
C160, NY privateer, Capt Samuel Hunt, 1776.

Fox.
ND5:1254, ND6:852, CT schooner, Capt Josiah Buck, New London to Curaçao, captured 18 June 1776 by the British Seaford and taken to St Kitts, Jul 1776. ND6:852, shows Capt as Buckmaster, which may be Josiah Buck, Master.

Fox. C318, MA sloop, 1 gun 20 men, Capt Jonathan Tuksbery, Feb 1777.

Fox.
ND10:202, 400, apparently an American brig, Capt Brock, captured by Galatea, 18 Oct 1777.

Fox.
ND10:54, 85, 125, 439, 593, 778, ND11:288-91, Kaminkow:224, Continental Navy frigate, Capt Stephen Hill, 1777, captured by British Flora, Rainbow, Jul 1777 or Feb 1778, certainly before Jan 1781. The vessel was later captured by French.

Fox.
Capture:92, privateer schooner in litigation 28 June 1778.

Fox.
French frigate, 28 guns, at Brest, 1778, shipwrecked 21 Mar 1779.

Fox. Buel:182, American merchant vessel taking flour to Cuba in 1779.

Fox.
NR:300, LCP:92/93, LM PA cutter, 2 guns, 45 men, Capt Matthew Macomber, Oct 1780 Record 1065). Appeals Case 70, cutters Fox, Hezekiah Anthony, and Hazard, Capt John McClure, cooperated to capture the British barge Victory, and recapture the schooners John and Hepzabeth.

Fox.
NR:300, LCP:92/93, LM MA sloop, 8 guns, 40 men, Capt Levi Doane, Nov 1780 (Record 312).

Fox.
Kaminkow:224, C265, MA privateer, Capt Alexander Ross, captured before Jan 1781 by the British Alert, with crew members to British prison.

Fox.
NR:300, LCP:92/93, Rand:829, LM MA/ME ship, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Joshua Stone of Falmouth, Cumberland Co, ME, Jan 1781 (Record 419).

Fox.
NR:299, LCP:90/91, LM MD brig, 14 guns, 22 men, Capt Benjamin Dashiel, Aug 1779, Capt George Buchanan, Mar 1780, Capt James Buchanan, Jun 1780, Capt Thomas Steel, Jan 1781.

Fox.
NR:300, LCP:92/93, LM MA schooner, 2 guns, 20 men, Capt Daniel Howland, Aug 1781 (Record 628).

Fox.
LCP:92/93, C188, LM MA schooner, 6 guns, 75 men, Capt Jeremiah/Germain Langevain/Lansvay/Lousvay/Longway, Aug 1781 (Record 488). NR:301, LM MA brigantine, 10 guns 50 men, Capt Jonathan Weall/Neall, Aug 1781 (Record 492). Paine:456, only shows one vessel, a schooner, with these two commanders. It is probable that Capt Germain Langevain was later Capt of the schooner Surprise.

Fox.
NR:301, LCP:90/91, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 32 men, Capt Thomas Steel, Aug 1781 (Record 905), Capt Mark Collins, Mar 1782 (Record 936).

Fox.
NR:300, LCP:92/93, LM NH sloop, 4 guns, 30 men, Capt Thomas Manning, May 1781 (Record 27), Capt Robert Fisher, Sep 1781 (Record 20).

Fox.
NR:301, LCP:92/93, LM MA sloop, 4 guns, 35 men, Capt David Allen, Sep 1781 (Record 205). Capture:30, privateer sloop, master David Allen, in litigation 10 Oct 1781.

Fox.
NR:301, LCP:92/93, LM PA schooner, 10 guns, 16 men, Capt David Thomson, Oct 1781.

Fox.
NR:302, LCP:90/91(Record 583), C93, LM MA brigantine, 12 guns, 60 men, Capt John Donaldson, Apr 1782, captured in 1782 by the British.

Fox.
NR:302, LCP:92/93, LM MA schooner, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt James Sellars/Sellers, Jun 1782 (Record 198).

Fox.
NR:302, CTP:91, 219, NLHS:I:IV:28, one of three LM CT boats, 1 gun, 10 men each, Capt Abraham Cooper Woodhull, Jul 1782.

Fox.
NR:302, LCP:92/93 (Record 169), Rand:830, LM MA/ME ship, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Greenfield Pote of Falmouth, Jul 1782. (This may be the same ship as the one under Capt Joshua Stone, Record 419.)

Fox.
NR:302, LCP:92/93, LM MA ship, 8 guns 20 men, Capt Israel Johnson, May 1782 (Record 523). Howe:429, 432, LM MA brigantine in operation in 1780/81 under Capt Israel Johnson of Beverly and in Dec 1782 under Capt John Porter. NR:303, LCP:92/93, LM MA schooner, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt John Porter, Nov 1782 (Record 55). Capture:30, privateer schooner, formerly called the Hawk, sold to a British citizen James Ryder Momatt of Penobscot in the Fall of 1781, then captured and used by Americans, recaptured by British in 1782. Kaminkow:224, C167, Capt Israel Johnson, captured about Oct 1782 by British Jenny.

Fox.
NR:303, LCP:90/91(Record 231), LM MA brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt William Gray, Nov 1782.

Fox.
Klotz:83-84, 11-13, one of the first American vessels to test post-war commercial relationships with Spain. It was probably one of the above.

Foxwell.
Cog:170, merchant vessel, probably British, mentioned.

Fraiture.
ND7:485, ND11:448, American brig, Port-au-Prince to Philadelphia, captured in Dec 1776 by HMS Winchelsea, sent to Kingston, Jamaica.

Française.
Rice:I:118n, French vessel, said to be with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, but no record found.

Francis.
ND2:1347, probably British sloop, 40 tons, Capt James Robinson, Barbados and St Martins to Roanoke, 15 Dec 1774.

Francis.
ND2:1356, probably British ship, 40 tons, Capt Edward King, to Barbados from Roanoke, with foodstuffs and tar, 22 Feb 1775.

Francis.
ND2:78, 135, apparently a British ship, Capt John Buckley, Newport to London, Sep 1775. It and the snow Flora were escorted out of the harbor by HMS Rose, indicating they were considered to be British vessels.

Francis.
ND1:363, ND2:1143, British transport, from Portsmouth to Boston, 19 May 1775. ND4:381, in Boston Harbor 17 Mar 1776. DaviesXV:237, XIX:851, 1011, possibly a victualizer, 1778.

Francis/Frances.
ND6:508, Force:5:III:1528, British Guineaman, Capt Williamson, Antigua, Leeward Isles to London, 70 tons, released. R76II:267, 1776 prize from Antigua, released. ND1:363, this may be the transport mentioned in 1775.

Francis.
ND4:52, 139, 257, 258, probably British sloop, Capt William Furnell, active mid 1776.

Francis.
CC:M247, R184, #167, British brig, Liverpool to Tortola, captured in May 1782 by the American Letitia, in the harbor at Basseterre, St Christopher, but the French harbormaster seized the prize.

-----Francis.
ND2:172, ??? sloop, Capt Ritchie, probably American, active, bound for Edenton, NC from New York 21 Sep 1775.

Francis.
NR:192. NJNavy:216, a wartime armed boat of the NJ naval militia, no dates nor commander listed.

Francis. ND5:77, ND7:77, NC privateer sloop, Capt Christophe Clarke, captured by British Phoenix, Dec 1775.

Francis/François.
ND8:395, 1061, R77:235, NC LM sloop, Capt Thomas Baker, from St Eustatia, captured by British Galatea, 22 Apr 1777.

Francisco Dansa? Rice:I:176, Spanish transport at the French Cape to move troops back to Havana, 1783.

Francisco de Paula/El Valenciano. Appeals Case 58, Eastman:10-11, FordXV:1159, originally a British ship, 250 tons, renamed the Francisco de Paula and manned by a Spanish crew, captured by Capt Hugh Hill of the MA Pilgrim in Feb 10 and condemned by Stephen Cleland and others, but the cargo was returned to the owners. Ford1779:1159.

Le François.
DaviesXIII:295, French ship, Capt La Fontaine, captured near Capes of VA, May 1778.

Frank.
ND7:314, 448, British schooner, formerly Dolphin, Capt Sylvanus Waterman, captured by American Montgomery, 7 Nov 1776.

Frankland.
ND5:113, sloop, Capt Amos Weeks, NC to Tortola, captured 17 Apr 1776 by British Actaeon.

Franklin’s prize.
Mill:211, 212, British vessel, not named nor dated, was captured by the privateer sloop Franklin, then was recaptured by the British 1 May 1781, and part of the prize crew was sent to Mill Prison, 2 Oct 1781.

Franklin’s second prize.
Mill:211, 212, a second British vessel, not named nor dated, was captured by the privateer sloop Franklin, then was recaptured by the British in Oct 1781, and part of the price crew sent to Mill Prison, Dec 1781.

-----Franklin.
ND2:1351, 1360, probably American sloop, 22 tons, Capt Joseph Bagley, St Thomas to Roanoke in ballast, 15 Feb 1775.

Franklin.
DaviesX:115, American grain ship, Capt Thomas Lyell, arrived at Ferrol, Oct 1775, with orders from the Cont. Congress.

Franklin, 16 guns, 1775-76.
GWA:702, Smith:33-35, Allen:199, R76II:234, ND1:825, 1031, ND2:637, ND3:1122, ND4:1294, ND5:908, ND6:922, ND7:139, ND8:315, ND11:74, 287, 654, Continental schooner in Washington's New England fleet, 1775, formerly the Eliza, Capts James Mugford, John Selman, John Skimmer/Skinner, Nicholas Biddle, and Samuel Tucker, returned to owners in 1777. Maclay:65, probably the schooner of 4/6 guns, 21 men, 60 tons, who captured ten prizes in 1775. Crewmen listed for Capt Samuel Green, 1777, in MAS. Hearn:279, under various commanders, this vessel captured the Annabella, George, Henry and Esther, Hope, Lively, Mary, Nelly Frigate, Peggy, Perkins, Rainbow, Triton. C149. ND3:584, ND4:117, ND8:209, 584, boat/schooner, Capt John Selman, ordered appraised, 1777. Ford1776:393. Volo:152, 164, 171, 174. Fowler:25, 27, 57. Silverstone:14. Paullin:54, Capt Nicholas Biddle as of 7 Dec 1775. Total service, 1775-1776. Chapelle:54. Nelson:157. Coggins:206.

Franklin.
ND8:132, ND9:8, American schooner, Capt Samuel Green, chased on shore by British frigate, after sailing 17 Mar 1777.

Franklin.
Paullin:377, PA galley added to NY state Navy in 1777.

Franklin.
ND9:782, ND10:400, American ship, Capt Madet Engs, 250 tons, 15 men, captured by British Hinchinbrook, 21 Aug 1777.

Franklin.
Clark:11fn, Malo:964, privateer brig from MA, in use 1778-1781. Allen:136, 200 tons, 18 guns, 100 men, Capt Thomas Connolly, 20 Apr 1778, owners Francis Cabot and others. (The next entry sounds like the same vessel under different owners.)

Franklin.
Allen:136, MA brigantine, 200 tons, 18 guns, 100 men, under Capt John Leach, Jr, 14 Oct 1778, owners E. H. Derby and others; then probably under Capt Joseph Robinson, 30 Mar 1779, same owners.

Franklin.
R78/79:248, in Jan 1779 captured at Savannah, GA.

Franklin.
C91, 207, MA vessel captured by the British, with Prize Master George Dissmore and others arriving at Forton Prison 18 Feb 1779.

Franklin.
NR:303, LCP:92/93, LM MD sloop, 16 guns, 25 men, Capt James Tate, Mar 1779.

Franklin.
MA LM schooner from Beverly, 8 guns, sacked Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, 1779. Nelson:157.

Franklin.
Allen:137, MA brigantine, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt Robert Birrell, 23 Sep 1779, owner Samuel Clarke of Boston.

Franklin, 13 guns, Capt Nicholas Biddle, 1775.
Maclay:76, Smith:17, ND2:111, 428, ND3:1322, ND4:1035, ND5:857, ND6:6, ND7:834, PA Navy gunboat and river galley, 1776. PANavy:338, R76I:364, ND9:974, ND11:201, PA river galley, 1 gun, 48 men, 1775-1781, Capt Nathan Boys/Boyce in 1776 and 1777. It was still in service in 1779.

Franklin. Villiers:118, frigate built at Nantes, 1779. M&S:230-231, Beaumarchais vessel, 700 tons, 32 cannon, 100 men, ready in 1779 to move convoy arms to Martinique.

Franklyn.
Kaminkow:224, American vessel, captured Oct 1780, with crew members to British prisons.

Franklin.
Allen:137, MA privateer ship, 18 guns 100 men, Capt Joseph Robinson, 10 Sep 1779; and probably under Capt John Turner, Jr, 23 Mar 1780. Owners Nathan Goodale and others of Salem.

Franklin.
NR:303, LCP:92/93, LM PA ship, 18 guns, 90 men, Capt John Angus, Dec 1780.

Franklin.
Allen:137, LCP:92/93, MA ship, 18 guns, 100 men, under Capt John Allen Hallet of Boston, 22 Jun 1781 (Record 360); and possibly under Capt Silas Devol, 4 Dec 1781 (Record 105), with 18 guns but only 25 men. Paine:455, Salem ship, Capt Silas Devol. Owners for the vessel under Capt Hallet were George and Andrew Cabot and Bartholomew Putnam of Salem. He captured 4 prizes on a trip to the West Indies in 1781.

Franklin.
GWA:599, French privateer ketch, 1781, captured two vessels with Admiral Rodney’s plunder from St Eustatius.

Franklin.
Billias:78, 82, 95, mentioned.

Franklin.
Mill:211, 212, Kaminkow:224, privateer LM sloop taken 24 Oct 1781 by the British New Adventure, and its crew sent to Mill Prison in Nov 1781. Maclay:135, this may be the privateer of 8 guns which captured three vessels in 1779. Howe:424, privateer brigantine in action in 1778.

Franklin.
SchV:52, French armed merchantman, 28 guns, 150 men, captured in 1781 at Jamaica by the British Ramillies, Capt Cowley, and the Ulysses, Capt Dumerest.

Franklin.
NR:304, LCP:92/93 (Record 923), LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt Thomas Cox, Jan 1782. Kaminkow:224, LCP:92/93, C76, Capt Thomas Cox/Coxe, Capt, PA schooner, captured before Sep 1782 by the British Latona. Blatchford:103, American privateer ship captured by British, Apr 1782.

Franklin.
VirginI:89, 90, apparently an American vessel, 18 six-pounders, 85 men, Capt Silas Devol/Duvall in 1782 raid on Tortola.

Frazier’s Ferry.
VANavy:151, shipyard which furnished boats and naval equipment to the state.

Frederick.
ND6:789, British brigantine, Capt Edmund Cottle, captured and libeled in MA Southern District Admiralty Court, 12 Sep 1776.

Frederick.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British sloop, Capt Castall/Costall, captured by rebels 27 Dec 1776.

Frederick.
ND1:825, British schooner, owner Solomon Babson at Halifax 6 Jul 1775. Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British schooner, Capt Reynolds, captured by rebels 27 Dec 1776.

Frederick.
CTN:171, Dandridge:300, H:241, British hulk used as a prison and hospital ship in New York Harbor in 1783.

-----Frederic.
SchV:53, French privateer, 18 guns, 86 men, captured by Vice-Admiral Darby’s Squadron in the English Channel, 1781.

Fredericksburg.
VANavy:151, shipyard which furnished boats and naval equipment to the state.

Free American.
Allen:138, MA privateer schooner, 90 tons, 10 guns, 70 men, Capt John Buffington, 29 Apr 1777, owners were probably Andrew Cabot & Comp of Salem. This vessel is also called True American.

Free Briton.
ND11:319, 644, British brigantine, from Newfoundland, Capt Jonathan Drayton, captured 8 Feb 1778 by American Fair Play, then recaptured in Mar 1778 by British Seaford.

Freedom.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Wallis/Wallace, Grenada to London, 170 tons, released, 1776.

Freedomprize (Peter and John)???. Mill:75, ND6:1113, British vessel captured by the MA privateer brig Freedom, then recaptured by the British 29 Apr 1777, and prize crew sent to Mill Prison in 1777. The recaptured vessel may have been the Peter and John, or it could have been the Two Betsys.

------Freedom. ND8:815, ND9:932, ND10:459, ND11:435, MA state brigantine built July 1776 at Swansea, Capt John Clouston, 12 guns, 60 to 70 men, under orders from MA Board of War on 8 Mar 1777 had sailed to waters of British Isles to capture what was available. C272. ND4:1162, ND6:1113, ND7:1077, Coggins:104, HartIII:35, C159, Allen:138, sloop in MA Navy in 4 Sep 1776, Capt Clouston, soon converted into a brigantine. Mill:75, Cutler:186, captured 16 Sep 1777 or Oct 1777 by the British Apollo, and 11 of its crew sent to Mill Prison, where 3 escaped and 1 died. Capt Clouston and the Freedom were taken to New York to the prison ship Felicity. Augur:219, 220, Capture:86-87, DaviesXIII:761, Capt Clouston, from Boston, captured the Two Betsys, sent her to Boston, but lost her to recapture, It was carried into MA Bay 1 Feb 1777. DaviesXIII:761. Silverstone:19. Paullin:325

Freedom.
ND7:470, cargo listed 13 Dec 1776. Howe:424, possibly the MA brigantine, Capt Joseph Hudson, Jan 1777. ND11:129, the brig Freedom was captured by the British schooner Laurel, Capt James Robinson, and condemned at Antigua 3 Mar 1777. ND8:82-83, American brig, Capt Joseph Hudson, captured by HMS Beaver, 4 Feb 1777. (These are conflicting records.)

Freedom.
Allen:138, Paine:455, LCP:92/93, MA privateer brigantine, 7 guns, 15 men, Capt Benjamin Ober of Salem, 7 Sep 1780 (Record 268).

Freedom.
CTRec:605, NLHS:I:IV:28, CT privateer sloop, 4 guns 18 men, Capt Thomas Parke.

Freedom. NR:304, CTRec:605, CTP:92-93, NLHS:I:IV:28, LCP:92/93(Record 784), LM CT privateer schooner, 12 guns, 60 men, Capt Shubael Brainert/Brainard, Sep 1781.

Freedom.
Allen:138, ND8:915, MA privateer schooner, 10 guns, 70 men, Capt James Colven, 5 May 1777, owners Philip Moore and Archibald Blair.

Freeman.
Ford1776:824, sloop, 16 guns .

Freeman.
American schooner, Capt Alexander Boyd, captured 2 June 1777 by British Bedford.

Free Mason.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Stevens, West Indies to New York, 1777.

-----Free Mason.
ND6:365, American sloop, Capt Epaphros Mygat, permission to sail from CT to St Eustatius, Aug 1776.

Free Mason.
Allen:138-39, MA privateer brigantine, 100 tons, 14 guns, 80 men, Capt John Conway, 27 Jul 1778, owners Edmund Lewis and others ; and probably under Capt William Dennis, 6 Oct 1778, and 10 Feb 1779. Ownership changed by Feb 1779 to Samuel R. Trevett and others. C89, Capt Dennis was captured by British Navy Savage in Nov 1778, but was recaptured by MA privateer Speedwell, Nov 1778.

Free Mason.
Lux:54, 129, ship,

Free Mason.
Allen:139, MA privateer snow, 6 guns 12 men, Capt Benjamin Boden, 20 Oct 1779, owner Richard Hinckley. .

Free Mason.
NR:304, LCP:94/95, LM MD schooner, 6 guns, 14 men, Capt William Thomas, Jun 1780. C308, also called the Freeman, same captain, Oct 1782.

Free Mason.
Allen:139-40, LCP:94/95, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt Noah Stoddard of Boston, 26 Jul 1781 (Record 381); and probably under Capt Ebenezer Coombes of Boston, 18 Apr 1782 (Record 575).

French Bermuda.
Kaminkow:224, America vessel, captured Jan 1782, with crew members to British prison.

French Town.
ND11:450, American schooner, loaded with cask & Dry goods, captured by British Badger, Capt Charles H. Everitt, 1777.

Friend.
Capture:30, C182, schooner of Boston, 10 guns, 20/30 men, fitted out by Congress, MA Capt William Lawrence, 11 Sep 1777, captured 18 Oct 1777. ND10:104, 350, this may be the schooner under Capt William Lawrence which captured the Hope 12 Oct 1777.
Owners were Henry Newhall and Jonathan Nutting.

Friends.
ND2:1076, probably British snow, Capt Hillary Goslin, turned over with stores to British Lizard, 17 Nov 1775.

Friends.
Force:5:III:1528, ND3:810, ND4:1175, British transport, Capt Archibald Bowie, captured by Americans Nov 1776 at Newburyport. ND3:1017, shows capture by MA armed vessel 19 Jan 1776.

Friends.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Chives, captured 1776.

Friends.
ND1:1392, brigantine, Capt John Fisher, probably British, James River to Glasgow, tobacco and staves, 27 Jul 1775. ND6:600, British army vessel missing at sea 16 Sep 1776.

Friends.
R77:406, British vessel, Capt Crediton, West Indies to New York, 1777.

Friends.
Force:5:III:1528, ND8:701, British ship, Capt Holmes, London to West Indies, captured by American privateer, 22 Mar 1777. ND7:537, 599, 605-06, this may be the ship purchased by MA Board of War and renamed Paris.

Friends.
ND10:1205, British schooner, 30 tons, Capt Pensy, to Halifax, captured by the Fanny, 19 Aug 1777.

Friends.
Mc:448, Sheppard:100, British brig, Capt McFarling, captured Sep 1778 as a joint Continental prize.

Friends.
McM:444, British privateer, captured but it sank, 1780.

-----Friends.
ND11:83, American brig, Capt Hugh Hill, captured by British Apollo, Venus, 10 Jan 1778, later burned.

Friends.
Kaminkow:224, C223, American Capt John Norcombe, captured before Aug 1782 by the Venus, with crew members to British prison.

Friends Adventure.
ND3:430, British transport, 120 tons, Capt John Cox, cruising with Earl of Cornwallis 15 Dec 1775. ND5:965, this may be the British victualer lost 7 Jul 1776.

Friends Adventure.
McM:241, R77:108, ND7:1188, British brig, Capt John Cummings, London to St Kitts, prize of MA vessel, Washington, 19 Apr 1777.

Friends Adventure.
ND8:952-953, British sloop, Capt John Flagg, libeled by citizens of Boothbay Harbor, 12 May 1777.

Friends Adventure.
McM:439, British sloop, ransomed 1779.

-----Friends Adventure.
ND1:1367, 1378, 1383, ND3:1367, probably American schooner, 40 tons, 5 men, Capt John Fulford, Annapolis to Barbados, then entered Baltimore from Barbados 13 Mar 1775 and made non-British declaration.

Friends Adventure.
ND4:1157, ND6:1169, ND7:536, 1292, American schooner, Capt Ross, sailing to Baltimore, Feb 1776. It was captured by British Porcupine 16 Apr 1776.

Friends Adventure.
ND8:2, 131, 341, schooner with sailing orders to Baltimore, Capt Josiah Smith, 14 Apr 1777.

Friends Adventure.
ND11:28, American schooner, captured by British privateer Revenge, condemned at St Vincents, 18 Sep 1777.

Friends Adventure.
NR:305, LCP:94/95, ND10:46, ND11:220, LM NH schooner, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Kinsman Peverly, 6 Aug 1777 (Record 14). It captured the British Lively 6 Oct 1777.

Friends Adventure.
C224, NH schooner, 3 guns, 30 men, Capt Henry Nutter, Jul 1778.

Friends Adventure.
Kaminkow:224, C242, American vessel, Capt Stephen Pightling, captured 4 Dec 1780 by the British Vulture.

Friends Adventure.
Allen:140, MA privateer brigantine, 100 tons, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Thomas Fossey, 13 Dec 1780.

Friends Adventure.
Kaminkow:224, C113, MA brigantine, 10 guns, 25 men, 100 tons, Capt Thomas Fossey, captured before Aug 1782 by the British Admiral Barrington.

Friends Goodwill.
McM:418, British ship, prize of Dunkirk, France, 1782.

-----Friends Goodwill.
NR:305, LCP:94/95(Record 881), LM PA brigantine, 2 guns, 18 men, Capt William Leitch,

Friends Goodwill.
Mill:210, Kaminkow:225, PA Capt George Mitchell, privateer, taken 27 Feb 1781, crew sent to Mill Prison, 23 Jul 1781.

Friendship.
ND1:40, brig, probably British, Capt John Lewis, at Charlestown 2 Jan 1775.

Friendship.
ND1:1391, brig, Capt Peter Parker James, probably British, James River to Falmouth, with tobacco and staves, 17 Jul 1775.

Friendship.
ND1:1367, probably British ship, 220 tons, 14 men, Capt George Gould, active in 1775, Annapolis to Milford with wheat and staves.

Friendship.
ND1:382, 393, 457, 1381, probably British ship, 150 tons, 14 men, Capt Peter Young, active in 1775, Annapolis to Bristol, with wheat and flour.

Friendship.
ND1:1372, 1380, probably British sloop, 20 tons, 3 men, Capt John Middleton, active in 1775, Annapolis for Barbados with corn and flour, and return from Bermuda in ballast.

Friendship.
ND1:1347, ND2:1347, probably British brig, 100 tons, Capt David Wilson, London to Roanoke, in ballast, Sep 1775.

Friendship.
ND2:1354, probably British brig, 100 tons, Capt David Milne, to London from Roanoke with tar, turpentine, and staves, Oct 1775.

Friendship.
ND2:736, ND3:166, 1097, ND4:893, British storeship, Capt James Miller, at Boston 6 Feb 1776. R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Miller, captured 1776 but retaken. DaviesXI:213.

Friendship.
C17, British vessel captured by the VA navy boat Patriot, Capt Richard Barron, on 4 Jul 1776.

Friendship.
ND5:508, 596, British or Tory schooner, 60 tons, sold at Salem, 13 June 1776, listed with a known prize, but this could have been routine sale of an American vessel.

Friendship.
ND5:926, British or Tory boat Capt Samuel Evans, captured by Capt R. Barron 4 Jul 1776.

Friendship.
Mc:216, British brigantine captured in Sep 1776, but it burned.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, ND5:1069, ND6:12, 41, 64, 327, British ship, Capt Charles Mackay, Grenada to London, 250 tons, 1776, captured by the American Reprisal, Capt L. Wicker. R76II:267, 343, 1776 Continental prize, crew entered service of the Congress.

Friendship.
ND6:1302, ND7:80, British brigantine captured by Providence, Capt John Paul Jones, burned or destroyed 17 Oct 1776.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, R76II:343, ND7:167. 706, British snow, Capt Thomas Nastel, St. Croix to Guernsey captured at Newfoundland by ?? American Revenge, 21 Oct 1776.

Friendship.
McM:240, British snow captured by MA privateer Washington on 6 Nov 1776 but recaptured by British and taken to Halifax

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, ND6:214, 360, British ship, 200 tons, Capt Joseph Jones, Grenada to London, 180 tons, captured by RI privateer sloop Diamond, 1776.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, ND7:97, 168, 644, British Naval Victualer, Capt Richard Sainthill/St Hill, London to New York, 170 tons, captured by Washington, 12 Nov 1776. DaviesXIII:174, 1516, XVI:798, 946.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Capt Barnes, Newfoundland to Antigua, 1776.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, ND8:316-17, British transport, Capt Samuel Broomstone, captured by American Independence, Capt John Tillinghast, 23 Nov 1776. C312. DaviesXII167, 171, XIII:1121.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1528, ND8:613, British snow, Capt Shotton/Sheldon, Quebec to Barcelona, 110 tons, captured, then recaptured by Loyal Nova Scotian, 1776.

Friendship.
ND7:746, British transport, possibly with American prisoners from West Indies, prisoner petition offered 19 Nov 1776. DaviesXIII:1981, 2001.

Friendship.
Mwhipple:114, British ship taken by Capt Abraham Whipple.

Friendship.
Mc:208, 347, 513, R77:108, ND8:816, ND9:805, ND10:362, British brigantine, Capt W. Wellicot, London to Newfoundland, captured Jun 1777 by American Lexington (or the Massachusetts, 4 May 1777.

Friendship.
R77:406, ND9:441, British snow, Capt Taylor, Bay of Roses to London, captured by American Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, 28 June 1777 and renamed Nancy.

Friendship.
ND9:684, British LM marquee captured by Flora 1 Aug 1777 .

Friendship.
ND10:1207, British sloop, Capt Valpey, Nova Scotia fisherman, taken by Fame, trial 6 Oct 1777.

Friendship.
ND10:89, ND11:35, British brig, Capt James Morris, Providence Island to London, captured by MA Eagle, libelled in MA Middle District, 28 Oct 1777.

Friendship.
ND10:1205, 354, British brigantine, 120 tons, Capt Henry Appleton, to Halifax, captured by the Hawke, 25 Nov 1777, libelled in MA Middle District.

Friendship.
R77:407, British vessel, Capt Esthill, London to Africa, 1777.

Friendship.
CTP:255, British vessel captured by Fairfield, CT, privateers.

Friendship.
ND10:598, 697, sloop captured by ?American Defence, dividends paid 3 Dec 1777. Volo:263, sloop of war, possibly this one.

Friendship.
ND11:35, British brig, Capt James Morris, captured by American Eagle, late 1777.

Friendship.
CTP:82, British schooner, Capt George Sweet, Newport to Long Island, captured by CT schooner Enterprise, Capt Jason Chester.
C57.

Friendship.
M:176, British schooner, captured in 1778 by Continental vessels. This may have been the schooner captured off Casco 4 Dec by the American brig, General Gates.
ND11:634 shows a British ship Friendship under Capt D. Fisher captured General Gates 10 Mar 1778. (There is clearly some confusion in these records.

Friendship.
Mc:420, British vessel captured Aug 1779 as a joint Continental prize. DaviesXVII:197, British storeship, possibly this vessel.

Friendship.
Capture:31, British ship captured on passage from New York to Penobscott by the Thrasher, taken to Salem and sold and put into service from Salem as an American ship, captured

by the British before 17 Dec 1782. Howe:327, one LM schooner Friendship was in operation in 1778.

Volo:175.

Friendship.
CTP:107, British brig, Capt William Robinson, captured 2 Jun 1780, captured by CT sloop Hancock, Capt Peter Richards.
It was sold at auction. C257.

Friendship.
Emmons:42/43, Morison:11-13, British brig captured by American Providence, John Paul Jones. JA9:30, possibly the British merchant ship mentioned.

Friendship.
McM:422, Irish cutter which was brought from Dublin to Dunkirk by the owner, Luke Ryan, and converted into a privateer which was called the Black Prince of Dunkirk.

Friendship.
McM:429, British brig, Lisbon to London, captured Mar 1780 by Capt Macatter of the Black Princess of Dunkirk, France.

Friendship.
M:25, McMA:50, British brig, Topsham to Newfoundland, captured in May 1781 by American privateer Pilgrim.

Friendship.
McMA:185, VirginI:89, British brig, Newfoundland to Barbados, captured Jan 1782 by the MA Pilgrim and the Scourge and ordered to Havana, but it may have gone instead to St. Pierre.

Friendship.
Capture:32, British snow captured by American privateer Grand Turk, then retaken by British armed schooner Shark before reaching an American port.

Friendship.
Capture:33, British snow, mate James Ferrah captured by American privateer brig Washington, Capt Elias Smith, sent to Cape Ann, then retaken by a British schooner, the Loyal Nova Scotian, Capt John Alexander and taken to Halifax. MAS, shows lists of prisoners captured by British.

-----Friendship.
ND1:624, probably American sloop, Capt John Munro, active in 1775.

Friendship.
ND3:1368, probably American sloop, Capt James Lightbourne, entered Baltimore from Bermuda, 19 May 1775, made non-British declaration.

Friendship.
ND1:1373, 1381, ND3:1368, probably American brig, 90 tons, 7 men, Capt Thomas Newell/Nowell, made non-British declaration 26 June 1775, Annapolis to Liverpool, with wheat and bread.

Friendship.
ND2:51, ND3:1029, 1368, probably an American ship, 200 tons, 13 men, Capt William Frost, arrived at Annapolis, MD, 12 June 1775, made non-British declaration, then to London 19 Jul 1775.

Friendship.
ND1:463-472, American vessel for tobacco, Capt Roman, worked with William Lee of London, 19 Aug 1775.

Friendship.
ND2:89, ND4:24, 1029, 1943, probably American ship, Capt Thomas Jann, Philadelphia to MD, 14 Sep 1775, damaged in storm with all masts lost and forced into Hampton Roads, but active in mid-1776. Ford1775:246.

Friendship.
ND3:1225-26, probably American brig, fish and lumber from Piscataway, captured 16 Feb 1776 by British brig Hope.

Friendship.
ND2:1357, ND3:985, American sloop, Capt Abraham Adderly, bonded at Edenton, NC, 8 Apr 1776. It was active in West Indies trade.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1526, American vessel captured in 1776 by British armed schooner Province.

Friendship.
ND4:745, 945, probably American sloop, Capt William Haydon/Hayden, arrived in Dartmouth from Hispaniola in Apr 1776 with gunpowder.

Friendship. ND1:1383, ND3:1369, ND4:1168, probably American brig, 40 tons, 6 men, Capt John Martin, from Bermuda to Annapolis, 1775, made non-British declaration. ND3:1389, ND6:65, 200, 1211, brig, Capt John Martin, moving gunpowder from St. Eustatia to MD, April 1776. Capt William Stone claimed the brig as his property. ND5:955, ND6:1211, NR:305, LCP:94/95, ND7:66, ND8:322, ND9:754, LM MD trading brig, 16 guns, 30 men, Capt John Martin, 21 Dec 1776, and 1777, illegally sold. Williamson:118, MD Navy brig, 1776.

Friendship.
ND7:648, American ship, Capt Joseph Jones, captured by British Diamond, 11 Apr 1776.

Friendship.
ND5:256, schooner, Capt George Wilkes, probably American, active 1776.

Friendship.
ND5:596, American schooner, arrived at RI 18 June 1776.

Friendship.
Force:5:III:1525, ND6:1284, American brig, master William Townshend, Georgia to West Indies, captured 15 Oct 1776 by British Raven.

Friendship.
ND6:1409, American schooner given supplies 24 Oct 1776.

Friendship.
ND7:130, PA privateer sloop, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Robert Collings, 13 Nov 1776. C67.

Friendship.
ND7:642, 730, American ship captured c 1776 by British Hinchinbrook.

Friendship.
ND7:672, ND10:683, 693, American schooner, Capt Mark Powell, captured by British Hinchinbrook, 31 Dec 1776.

Friendship.
ND7:565, sloop, probably American, Capt James Dilworth, permit to sail to St Croix, 23 Dec 1776.

Friendship.
ND6:781, ND7:483, 616, brig chartered by Cont. Congress, Capt Alex Exceen, chartered 4 Jan 1777.

Friendship.
R77:233, ND7:1095, ND8:1056, American schooner/ship, Capt Daniel Rhodes, captured by British Roebuck 3 Feb 1777.

Friendship.
R77:235, ND8:248, American ship, Capt William Bateman, from Salem, captured by British Galatea 12 Apr 1777.

Friendship. ND5:1069, ND6:142, American ship, Capt Charles Mackay, captured by Reprisal, 1777.

Friendship.
R77:231, ND7:238, ND8:14, 890, 271, ND9:812, MD state schooner, Capt John Gibbons, from Curaçao, captured by British Emerald 4 Apr 1777. DaviesXIII:1131, this vessel, or one of the following, captured 1777/78. C120.

Friendship.
R77:231, ND8:267, 1054, 427, 1060, American ship, Capt Nicholas Houtvat, from VA, captured in April 1777 by British Emerald, recaptured by American Montgomery, 4 Apr 1777, recaptured by British Lark, 23 April 1777, retaken by rebels.

Friendship.
ND9:921, 940, American sloop, Capt William Ross, captured by British Galatea, Brune, 12 Sep 1777.

Friendship.
ND9:257, 196, American sloop, Capt James Moodie, captured by British Emerald, 10 Jul 1777.

Friendship.
ND9:154, 275, American sloop, Capt Pier Lefeet/Lescet, Newbury to Martinico, captured by British HMS Flora, 23 June, 1777.

Friendship.
M880:3, MA vessel (SC private vessel) captured in May 1778 by British Loyal Subject, with crew sent to New York prison ship Felicity.

Friendship.
ND9:191, 220, American brig, Capt William Lanksford, captured by British Raisonable 14 June 1777.

Friendship.
ND8:843, ND9:433, American brig, Capt John Dixie/Ducey, captured by British Dispatch, 14 May 1777.

Friendship. ND10:916, 1122, brigantine, Capt Jacob Bennet, Sinepuxent, MD, to Nantes, France, captured 16 Oct 1777 in French waters by British (Jersey) privateer ship Revenge, Capt Noël Gautier.

Friendship.
ND10:1205, American brigantine, 120 tons, captured by British Hawke, trial 25 Nov 1777.

Friendship.
ND10:169, RI brig captured by British Galatea, (?Glasgow) 14 Dec 1777.

Friendship.
ND10:138, 171, 403, cartel ship, Lt Charles E. Nugent (Royal Navy), sent to Providence and it did not return, 13 Oct 1777.

Friendship.
ND11:452, 455, RI brig, loaded with rice, captured by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley, 14 Oct 1777.

Friendship.
Howe:401, HartIII:48, ND11:266, MA LM schooner under Capt Benj. Ellingwood, taken by LM Tom, 26 Dec 1777 and probably libeled in Feb 1778. This may be the schooner insured by Ebenezer Ellingwood, merchant, of Beverly, MA.

Friendship.
General Sullivan: in 1777 a NH privateer brig.

Friendship.
DaviesXIII:196, Capture:32, sloop, Newbury to Martinique, French crew, French colors, owned by Frederick Davenport, captured 23 June 1777. CC:M247, R154, #141, this may be the sloop, Capt William Connell, involved in 1785 negotiations about insurance debts to Joseph Diant of Martinique.

Friendship.
ND11:130, American sloop, Capt Arthur Davis, captured by British sloop Harlequin, Capt Joseph Merry, and condemned at Antigua 28 Dec 1777.

Friendship.
ND11:449, American schooner captured by British Badger, Capt Charles H. Everitt, 1777.

Friendship.
ND11:165, American brig, Capt Joseph/Joshua Loring, Boston to Martinico, captured by British Portsmouth 13 Jan 1778.

Friendship.
FordXII:73, brig in Cont. Congress discussions in Jan 1779. ND11:653, this may be the brig, Capt Alex Exceen, chartered by Cont. Secret Committee which was captured and recaptured, owner Thomas Grant of Boston who would not settle after the vessel was sold at auction in 1778.

Friendship.
ND11:414, American sloop, with tobacco, captured by British Emerald’s tender Polly, and sent into New York, Feb 1778.

Friendship.
ND11:148-49, Casco sloop, Capt Thomas Harmon, Casco Bay to Guadeloupe, with lumber, captured 17 Jan 1778 by British Apollo, Capt Philemon Pownoll, and later burned.

Friendship.
Capture:31, brigantine, Master Nathaniel Brimblecomb, Marblehead to Williamsburg, VA, in ballast captured near George’s Bank 9 Apr 1778 by HMS Orpheus.

Friendship.
ND10:683, American schooner, Capt Mark Towell, captured by British Hichinbrook 23 Apr 1778.

Friendship.
DaviesXIII:document numbers 1682, 1689, Kaminkow:225, American ship from SC, Capt William Coombes, taken by crew and delivered to Bristol, England, by British William Hill, the Mate, and crew, July 1779. C73.

Friendship.
Allen:140, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Edward Wigglesworth, 3 Jun 1779, owner Nathaniel Tracy of Newburyport.

Friendship.
Allen:140, NR:306, LCP:94/95, LM MA/NH privateer ship, 6/16 guns, 60/70 men, 300 tons, Capt Isaac Smith, 16 Dec 1779; probably the same ship under Capt Simon Mansis/Mansir of Boston, 15 Aug 1780 (Record 256); under Daniel Waters of Boston 30 Jan 1781 (Record 411); and under Capt Thomas Tracy in 1781. The owner of the ship of Capt Isaac Smith was Thomas Russell & Comp of Boston.

Friendship.
Kaminkow:225, Capt William Combes, captured before Jul 1779, and taken to Bristol, England..

Friendship.
Capture:31, schooner from Bermudas to Annapolis Royal, N. S., Master James Holliday captured May 1779 by HMS Blond.


Friendship.
C280, NH ship, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Thomas Simmons, Oct 1779. Allen:141, MA privateer ship, 12 guns, 75 men, Capt Thomas Simmons, no date.

Friendship.
NR:305, LCP:94/95, LM PA sloop, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt John Ball, Dec 1779.

Friendship.
ND10:709, LCP:94/95, MD brig, Capt John Martin, issued LM 21 Dec 1779.

Friendship.
C28, NH sloop, 2 guns, 8 men, Capt Benjamin Baden/Boden, Aug 1780.

Friendship.
NR:305, LCP:94/95, LM PA boat, 1 swivel gun, 20/25 men, Capt William Rice, May 1780, Capt John Badcock, Aug 1780 and Mar 1781, and Capt Henry Murfits, Jun 1781.

Friendship.
Toth:177, New London, CT, schooner, 65 tons, captured by the British privateer, Who’s Afraid, in 1780 and processesed at Port Royal, Jamaica. It had been purchased by its American owners for 2200 pounds, but it was leaky and not worth much.

Friendship.
NR:306, LCP:94/95, LM PA brigantine, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt John Ball, Sep 1780 (Record 1055).

Friendship.
Capture:32, schooner from Cape Anne in ballast captured 23 Oct 1780 off Casco Bay by armed schooner David and sent into Penobscott, Fort George. Crew escaped in their their boats.

Friendship. Allen:141, NR:307, LCP:94/95, LM MA brigantine, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Isaac Elwell of Cape Ann, 3 Oct 1781 (Record 642).

Friendship.
VANavy:165, NR:306, LCP:94/95, VA LM ship of 20 guns, 40 men, Capt John McCabe, Jan 1781.

Friendship.
LCP:94/95, LM PA schooner, Capt John Badcock.

Friendship.
NLHS:I:IV:21, CT privateer brig, Capt Budington, cruised in 1781 and took prisoners from Long Island boats.

Friendship. Mill:209, schooner taken 17 Mar 1781 at St Eustatius, one or more persons sent to Mill Prison, 15 May 1781.

Friendship.
R81II:259, American brig captured Jul 1781 by British Adamant.

Friendship.
R82I:237, American vessel, 150 tons, 8 men captured in 1781 by British Chatham.

Friendship.
R82I:238, American vessel, 100 tons, 10 men, captured in 1781 by British Pearl.

Friendship.
R82II:273, American sloop, with lumber, captured in 1781 by the British Chatham.

Friendship.
R81I:309, Dutch ship from St Eustatius to Demerary, Capt Hen Klaaper, captured in 1781 at Demerary.

Friendship.
Mwhipple:142, Charlestown ship purchased by Commodore Whipple as a cartel to move captured officers from Charlestown to Philadelphia in 1781.

Friendship.
RM3:441-444, ship loaded in Boston with spars and ship’s masts for France, owner Thomas Russell, Capt Daniel Waters, detained in sailing by four French captains in Boston who feared the ship would be captured by British. The French captains would not pay expenses of the delay and complained to Cont. Congress in late 1781.

Friendship.
Capture:32, Schooner from Plymouth, on a fishing voyage, crewman Eli Curtes of Scituate, captured 8 Sep 1782, off Cape Sable by the British brigs Prince William Henry, Howe, and schooner Buckram and brought into Halifax.

Friendship.
Allen:141, Paine:456, NR:307, LCP:94/95, LM MA privateer ship, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Gideon Henfield of Salem, 16 Nov 1782 (Record 238). C148, possibly captured, with crew to Mill Prison

Friendship.
NJNavy:215, 216, DE:930, in 1782 a vessel of NJ, Capt King. NJNavy shows the Captain in 1782 as Nicholas Keen.

Friendship.
Capture:30, brigantine, captured before libelled filed 24 Jun 1782 by HMS Albany.

Friendship.
Capture 31-32, Schooner, apparently American, Master John Shelber, owner William Shelber, John Tucker and others of Salem, captured by the British Halifax Packet.
The vessel was taken into Penobscot Bay and captured by the American Thresher and sent to Salem. On 17 Dec 1782, the cargo was proclaimed a lawful prize and the schooner to pay 1/8.

Friendship.
RM8:169, apparently an American brigantine being used by Thomas Barclay to ship goods from France or to France in June 1783.

Friendship.
TLG(1783), American brig captured 23 Jan 1783 in the Leeward Islands, West Indies by HMS Enterprise, in the forces of Admiral Hugh Pigot.

Friendship.
Robertson(1979):113, schooner of New London, CT, captured by British privateer and taken to Jamaica.

Fripone.
SchV:44, French war vessel, working with Le Gloire in 1781 to capture the British Crescent. NavChronIV:403, R82II:4, French frigate attached to Blue Squadron at Les Saintes, Apr 1782.

Frow Judith.
R80I:358, Dutch schooner, Capt Alonzo Delvada, from Cape François, captured in 1779.

Funetur of Providence, RI.
“The Newport Mercury,” 11 Jan 1783, American schooner, Capt Phillips, captured 4 Jan 1783 at Gay Head, Martha’s Vineyard, MA, by a British privateer galley and sent into New York. This schooner had been driven ashore at Gay Head, and the crew defended her from the beach. The British were able to refloat the vessel and get her into New York.

Furet.
LG:607, French cutter in the French naval fleet in 1777, Later service not known.

Fury.
M:238, HMS frigate engaged in the Battle of the Delaware forts, along with the Vigilant.

Futererange.
M:103, British HMS, re-captured one vessel which American Capt Fisk had captured off the English coast.

AMUnitEF, 25 Nov 2009.

RESEARCH IN CUBAN ARCHIVES

The Los Angeles Times and other newspapers across the land on 14 April 2009 had lead headlines: “Obama lifts all limits on relatives’ Cuba visits,” “The U. S. also drops restrictions on money transfers by families,” “Cuba policy shift could be big for U. S. firms,” “Loosening of the U. S. embargo raises possibilities for telecom, air travel, and other industries.”

For those of us interested in the Spanish Archives stored in Havana and other cities, this is the opportunity we have long awaited. Perhaps we can follow the paths ancestors took as they discovered and settled the Cuban land, which was such a vital part of New Spain. Our citizens of Cuban ancestry will be interested in many aspects of that history, but my own interest is in the period of the American Revolutionary War, when Cuban soldiers and sailors fought British at Mobile and Pensacola, and joined other Spanish in Central America, on the frontiers of present-day Southwestern United States, and in the Philippines during that war.

There are no historical or genealogical research categories mentioned directly, but these should come under the general category of humanitarian endeavors. It should also be possible to hire relatives who are interested in research, as funds can now be sent to them for such work.

It was a great day for those interested in the history of their people. Let us hope that the Archives have been carefully preserved, can still be read, and can soon be transcribed to microfilm and computer formats.

By Granville W. Hough, author and researcher.


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com