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Granville Hough's Ship Listing C/D





AMERICAN MARITIME UNITS AND VESSELS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 1775-1783), (INCLUDING FRENCH AND SPANISH) (B)


by Granville W. Hough



-C/D-


In the following listings of vessels, boats were small open vessels propelled by oars or sails and included whaleboats, longboats, cutters, barges, flatboats, shallops, and similar vessels. They operated close to shore. Brigs and brigantines were two-masted vessels, most capable of transatlantic voyages. A brig could be rigged as a brigantine. Galleys were low, single-decked vessels propelled by oars or sails which were used for coastal and river defense. Schooners were small vessels of two or more masts rigged fore and aft, capable of carrying guns and fighting at sea. Sloops were small single-masted vessels rigged fore and aft. Pilot boats were light sloops required in harbors. Ships were ocean-going vessels of three or more masts, though large brigs or schooners were sometimes listed as ships. Ships used for prisons by the British and by the Americans were generally de-masted hulks. Prison ships are included as their records of prisoners are valuable.


Cabot, 14 guns, 80 men, 1775-77.

GWA:700, Buel:80, Smith:45, ND7:84, ND11:463, CTN:11, 12, Continental brig assigned to the New Providence Expedition, Capt Elisha Hinman, Nov 1776, with 90 seamen and 43 Marines. ND3:1219, ND5:1272, ND6:1201, ND8:930, ND9:828, ND10:591, other captains were John B. Hopkins, and Joseph Olney. ND4:1159, participated in attack on HMS Glasgow. Smith:11, Kaminkow:221, R77:235, C227, 329, a 14 gun brig, Capt Joseph Olney, was captured by the British Milford, Capt John Burr, 23 Mar 1777, sent to Halifax, and the Cabot converted into Royal Navy use. The British renamed it the HM Cabot. C152. It is possible other captains were John Welsh, Lt Daniel Vaughn, and Lt James Hood Wilson, or they may have been captains of the privateer brig. Captures incl: Clarendon, Georgianna, and others. JA5:126. CTP:122, 150, 152, 153, 258.


Cabot.

Privateer brig, active in October 1776 and possibly in 1777. The privateer brig seems to be different from the Continental brig. . Emmons:2, Capture:18, Howard:62, abandoned off the coast of Nova Scotia, 1777. Blatchford:10, 61 Cont. brig, 16 guns, 189 tons, captured by British, Jul 1777. FW3:836, shown captured by the Hope, Capt Dawson. The records for the two Cabot brigs seem to be confused.


Cabot’s prize.

Dandridge:170, Mill:74, British vessel, not named nor dated, captured by the privateer brig Cabot, was recaptured by the British 24 Oct 1776, and 3 of its prize crew to Mill Prison. It is possible this is the vessel mentioned in Kaminkow:221, rather than the Cabot, itself.


Cabot.

Griffin:32, British vessel captured in 1776 by the American ship Alfred. ND8:1047, ND9:173, ND10:678, possibly the British brig, Capt Edward Dodd, however, a British brig of this name was active in 1777 capturing American Diana, Hawke, etc.


Cadwallader.

Allen:90, MA privateer ship of 14 guns and 60 men operating 23 Mar 1779, Capt Henry Johnson, owners Henry Mitchell and others..


Caesar.

Force:5:III:1527, NR10:545, 657, British vessel, Capt Currie, cut out of port at Jamaica by the SC brigantine Defence and carried to America, 1776/77.


Caesar.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Sedgley, Newfoundland to New York, 1777.


Caesar.

ND8:977, ND9:174, R77:108, 406, ND10:924, British snow, Capt Lucius O’Brien, Loo (Waterloo?) to the West Indies, or London to Barbados, captured 16 May 1777, and libelled by American Fanny, 16 Jul 1777.


Caesar.

British merchantman, Capt Tolias, West Indies to New York, captured by American privateer, 17 Oct 1777.


Caesar.

ND7:54, 1205, ship, 1776, and a vessel, Capt William Miller, 1776. ND2:61-62, cleared Philadelphia, Sep 1775, but blocked at Reedy Island.


Caesar.

ND11:128, American sloop, Capt Thomas Prizgar, captured by British Richard Joseph and Jonathan Murray, and condemned 28 Jan 1777.


Caesar.

ND7:1205, sent to assist Comet in Charleston Harbor, 14 Feb 1777.


Caesar.

ND11:70, probable American ship, Capt Moncrief, Charlestown, SC to Amsterdam, lost in the (Dutch) Texel, Jan 1778.


Caesar.

FordXII:1140, Ford1778:1140, Capt Chevalier de Raymondis, fate of vessel not mentioned, but Chevalier de Raymondis wanted passage back to France in Nov 1778. JA7:109, French privateer, possibly this vessel.


Caesar.

C237, MA ship, 26 guns, 70 men, Capt Timothy Peirce/Prince, active, 1779 and 26 Dec 1781, captured May 1782 and taken into New York Harbor.


Caesar.

Allen:90, LCP36/37 (Record 90), MA privateer boat with small arms and 20 men operating on 7 Aug 1782 under John Harvey of Boston and on 29 Aug 1782 under Benjamin Slater of Boston.


Caesar.

Maclay:147, 14 gun, 40 men, LM ship in action, June 1782, under Capt Harraden, captured in 1782 while going from Boston to the West Indies. Salley:40, 42, 101, mentioned as ship in SC records.


Caledonia.

Force:5:III:1527, ND6:1001, 1395, ND7:314, British transport, Capt Alexander McInlay/M’Kinley/McKinlay, St Kitts to Greenock/Glasgow, 120 tons, captured by American Eagle, Capt Freeman Paine, 23 Sep 1776, bought by MA Board of War and renamed MA Pliarne. C229.


Caledonia.

McM:359, C82, British ship, prize of NH brigantine, General Sullivan, Capt Thomas Dalling, Jul 1778.


Calonne.

Clark:130, Malo:966, French frigate in action against the Black Prince at Berck, France.


Calvario.

C&C:94, Spanish galley used in 1781 at Battle of Pensacola.


Calvario de Cala.

C&C:96, Spanish brigantine used in 1781 at Battle of Pensacola.


El Calvario de Espárraga.

C&C:96, Spanish galley used in 1781 at Battle of Pensacola.


Calvert.

ND3:1368, probably American ship, Capt William Sewell, entered Baltimore from London, 8 May 1775, and made non-British declaration.


Cambden/Camden.

ND3:1369, British ship, Captains James Rodgers and Capt Joseph Richardson, are given as Captains, made non-British declaration in Jul 1775. ND1:1383, Force:5:III:1527, ND10:1204, British ship, Capt

Joseph Richardson, Antigua to London, 300 tons, 19 Nov 1776, captured by Putnam, Capt Christopher Whipple.


Cambell.

ND5:1022, sloop, probably British, active mid 1776.


Camberwell.

ND6:475, Capt Forbes, 1776. Allen:91, LCP:36/37 (Record 215), MA LM ship of 6 guns, 18 men under Silas Ewers of Boston 24 Dec 1781.


Camden.

ND6:1348, ND7:274, British ship, Capt Joseph Richardson, captured by RI privateer Putnam, Capt Christopher Whipple, 21 Oct 1776, trial date 19 Nov 1776.


Camden.

McM:427-428, British ship, Memel to Liverpool, captured Dec 1779 by Capt Edward Macatter of Dunkirk and sent into Perros, east of Morlaix.


Camden.

ND7:619, ship, Capt John Arthur Marion of Port-au-Prince, delivered a load of powder and guns to New London, Jul 1776, then reloaded with lumber and dry fish and requested clearance to sail back to West Indies.


Camden/Cambden, 1 gun.

ND3:1322, ND4:1034, Maclay:76, 90, GWA:152, PANavy:338, PA privateer river galley, 35 men, in action, May 1776. R:76I:364, ND5:858, ND6:211, ND7:834, Capt Richard Eyres/Ayres/Ears in Sep 1775, Jul 1776, Capt Edward Yorke in 1777. C104, 346. Built by Sherlock.


Camden.

Paullin:475, NR10:37, 73, ND6:1034, ND7:952, ND9:281, 320, ND10:48, armed privateer sloop of NY, Capt in Aug 1776, Jan 1777, Capt Robert Castle, captured at Fort Montgomery. Capt Dirck Jansen, of NY Militia, also shown as commander. C51.


Camden.

Augur:158, Morris powder runner, Capt Geddes. (See Lord Camden.)


Camden.

NR:245, LCP:36/37, C4, C114, LM MD schooner, 6 guns, 9 men, in Nov 1778 under Oliver Gould or Jeremiah Allen/Yellot, in Jun 1779 under Jacob Walters, and in Mar 1782 under Joseph Foster.


Caméléon.

French chébec, 20 guns, in Mediterranean cruises, Oct 1778.


Camelion.

SchV:49, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt J. Johnstone, lost in 1780 West Indies hurricane, crew lost.


Camelion.

British Navy vessel of 16 guns, formerly the Hawk, probably American, purchased in 1780 and sold in 1783, on 14 Aug 1781 under Capt William O’Brian Drury, engaged a Dutch dogger with 18 guns and 20 swivels. The Dutch vessel exploded and apparently killed all on board. The name of the Dutch dogger has not been recovered.


Canadian.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Bareinth, from Isle du Madame, taken by Civil Usage 20 Oct 1777 & retaken by the Milton, 27 Nov 1777. ND10:617, shown as Canadien, Capt Charles Renau, Canso to Jersey.


Canadian.

ND5:1257, ship, probably British, requested longboat from Speke, 28 Jul 1776.


Cannon.

ND8:395, ND11:450, American schooner, Capt Archibald McNeil, St Thomas to Philadelphia, captured by British Boreas, Capt Charles Thompson, 4 Apr 1777.


Cañonera.

C&C:52, 107, Spanish brigantine whose launch boat was used to move Mobile troops to Pensacola in 1781.


Cantabria.

ND10:1065, Spanish packet boat, arrived from Buenos Aires 3 Dec 1777.


Canton.

NR:209, RM9:182, ship on which Thomas Truxton had sailed to China soon after the war was over. Wartime record not known.


Capel.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:1119, British ship, Capt John Curling, Jamaica to London, 200 tons, captured by American Broome, 6 Feb 1777.


Capelin/Capling.

GWNavy:235, ND9:135, British brig, 110 tons, Capt John Coulrick/Culrick, taken 31 May 1777 by the American Lee.


Captain.

Allen:85, 91, Paine:454, LCP:36/37(Record 417), C93, MA LM brigantine, 10 guns 40 men, under Capt John Donaldson of Salem in action in Feb 1781. He captured the British Pomroy (or the famous Capt Pomroy with his privateer,) in Aug 1781. The Captain was itself captured in 1782.


Captain Lee,

privateer brig from Marblehead in 1777, mentioned in British Prison records.


Capt Mowbray.

ND6:314, probably a British vessel, taken into government service 26 Aug 1776.


Capitol Landing’s Revenge.

VANavy:164, LCP:36/37, C259, VA LM boat with 2 guns, 10 men, Capt William Roan/Roane, May 1781.


Captive/Captina.

ND6:785, British ship in 1776, Capt Ceutrich, which picked up Capt Michael Whitbyrne, whose vessel, the Minehead, had been captured by the American Hawke, Capt Lee.


Caprice.

RM8:661, French vessel, Capt Joachim La Douarin, moved remaining American supplies from Rochfort to Philadelphia, Oct 1783. RM9:103, the goods were sold at auction in 1784.


Capricieuse.

SchV:60, LG:307, 612, French vessel, 26/36 guns, burned by the British Prudent, Licorne, 5 Jul 1780 in the Bay of Biscay. L-G:307, 612, in action in 1780. Destroyed by British 5 Jul 1780.


Carboneer.

Capture:18, Mc:108, Neeser:152, British brig taken by the American cutter Revenge of Dunkirk, was retaken Apr 1778 by the British and sent into Halifax, said taken by prizemaster Hornsby by Nessor.


Cardina.

DaviesX:281, American ship, Capt James Otway, arrived in Dunkirk, Apr 1776.


Cariolanus Aletta.

JA10:372, Dutch merchant ship, 1780.


Carlisle.

ND7:906, British bark, Capt James Blerver, libelled in MA, Middle District, by Capt Henry Thorndike of the schooner Warren, Jan 1777.


La Carlotta.

A2:IX:28, Spanish schooner, probably in New Orleans in 1779.


Carmen.

A2:VIII:14, sloop probably in New Orleans in 1778. C&C:95, Spanish sloop used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Carmen de Fornell.

C&C:95, Spanish galley used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Carmen de Graciós.

C&C96, Spanish galley used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Carmen de Pascual.

C&C95, Spanish brigantine used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Carmine.

ND9:729, French sloop, Capt Anthony Rowlise, captured in 1777 and sent to St. Augustine by British Brune.


Carolina.

ND10:1206, British brig, Capt Misnard, captured by American Putnam, trial 11 Nov 1776.


Carolina.

ND7:249, 618, British brig, captured by MA privateer schooner, True Blue, 23 Nov 1776.


Carolina.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:740, British vessel, Capt Rutherford, Marseilles to Hamburg, (Newcastle to Gibraltar) 180 tons, captured by Americans 14 Nov 1776.


Carolina.

R76III:156, British vessel, Capt Fowle, Antigua to London, 1776.


Carolina/Caroline.

R76III:313, ND7:391, British ship, Capt Denness, Jamaica to London, captured by Harlequin and sold, 8 Dec 1776. ND5:659, probably mentioned.


Carolina.

Force:5:III:1527, British vessel, Capt Dennis, Jamaica to London, captured by Americans in 1776 but recaptured by the British Milford.


Carolina.

McM:85, NR10:1206, British brig, Capt Misnard, 250 tons, British Isles to Nova Scotia, captured by MA Putnam, 11 Nov 1778.


Carolina.

CTP:52, British schooner, Capt James Johnson, captured Jul 1779, by CT sloop privateer, American Revenue.


Carolina.

ND1:466, probably British vessel, Capt Blackwell, London probably to VA, May 1775, working with William Lee of London.


Carolina.

ND1:74-75, brigantine, Capt Malcolm McNeil, found to have imported dry goods, Jan 1775, which were sold at public auction by Wilmington, NC, Committee of Safety.


Carolina.

ND5:659, Philadelphia merchant ship, owned by Jeremiah Warder of Philadelphia, was in Quebec when two seaman from it were captured and impressed by the British Briliant.


Carolina.

NR:246, LCP:36/37(Record 1033), LM PA brigantine, 14 guns 45 men, Capt William Willis, May 1779.


Carolina.

Coggins:103, galley in SC Navy. DaviesX:1446I, probably the vessel mentioned under Capt J. Otway.


Carolina.

SC sloop, commissioned in 1779, one of 14 vessels commissioned that year.


Carolina.

NR:245, LCP:36/37(Record 932), LM PA ship, 16 guns, 72 men, Capt Thomas Newell, Mar 1782.


Carolina/Caroline Packet.

McPA:341, British schooner, Capt Walter Belt, from St. Ubes, with salt, captured in 1778 by PA privateer sloop

Comet, Capt Yelverton Taylor.


Carolina Packet.

ND6:346, 789, 900, 1196, CTP:62, McM:123, Force:5:III:1527, British brigantine, 140 tons, Capt Mark Fowel/Towel, Antigua to London, captured by CT sloop Broome, Capt William Nott, and sold, 26 Aug 1776. C223.


Carolina Packet.

FordXVIII:1183, sloop sent by Congress in Dec 1780 as a Flag of of Truce to Charleston, SC, Capt John Durry to be both Sailing and Flag master. FordXX:474, 600, Joseph Carson, owner.


Carolina & Georgia Packet.

ND2:102, packet used in Sep 1775 to move militia from Charleston to capture Fort Johnson.


Caroline.

Eller:268, British vessel captured 1776 by VA Harlequin, Capt James Handy, and sold at Chincoteague.


Caroline.

ND5:648, American schooner, Capt John/Jonathan Douglas, in June 1776 permitted to go down the Delaware River and Bay.


Caroline.

ND6:940, 1028, 1140, ship, Capt Denness, probably American or Tory, sold at Chicoteague, VA, 5 Oct 1776.


Caroline.

CTP:82, CT vessel, Capt Jason Chester, Aug 1782, captured and carried into Bermuda.


Caroline.

C6, MD vessel, Capt John Angus, 16 guns, 60 men, active 4 Jan 1783.


Caroline.

Rice:I:162, frigate of 36 guns observed in Philadelphia 1782. Sheppard:172, active in Jan 1784.


Carpenter.

ND1:1361, ??? probably British brig, 100 tons, 6 men, Capt Samuel Jenkins, active in early 1775, bound for Milford with wheat and flour.


Carron.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:167, ND8:574, British ship, Capt J./William Montgomery, Honduras to Glasgow/or Bay of Honduras to Cork, captured in 1776 by American Industry, then recaptured by British Cerberus off Block isle 31 Mar 1776


Cartaret.

DaviesXIX:180, British packet, Capt Newman, captured by American cruiser, Sep 1781.


Cassandra,

Robertson(1959):50, 52, Charleston schooner captured by British in 1780 and taken to Jamaica.


Casa Major.

Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.


Castilla.

Spanish warship, 64 guns, said to have taken part in 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.


Castor.

Dutch vessel, 32 guns, with the Brille, also 32 guns, engaged the British Flora, Crescent, on 30 Mar 1781. The Castor was captured, but was recovered later by the Dutch or the French. The Crescent was captured by two French frigates.


Casuel.

ND11:1127, French sloop, Capt Rainguenoir, entered the Bay of Biscay from Newbern, NC, 6 Oct 1777.


Caswell.

Coggins:102, ND6:1417, ND7:121, ND8:175, ND9:37, ND10:802, ND11:191, row galley of the VA Navy, 1776-79, Capt Willis Wilson, built at South Quay on the Blackwater for the defense of Okracoke Inlet. Coggins:106, this galley was to be purchased by the NC Navy, but she sank on station in June 1779.


Caswell.

ND4:570, ND6:1042, armed schooner, arrived at Newbern from St Eustatius, 28 March 1776.


Caswell.

ND6:1042, NC sloop, active fall 1776. ND9:108, 180, 195, NC privateer sloop, Capt Lemuel Palmer, captured U/I brig in 1777.


Cat.

NR:246-247, Maclay:133-134, LCP:38/39, C144, 275, LM PA schooner of 2 guns and 70 men, captured one vessel, 1779, Captains Joseph Campbell, John Hasting, and Edward Leger.


Cat.

Howard:273-276, RM9:723, apparently a French ship acting as tender for Capt Harding’s fleet in 1779. Smith:256, French brig stationed at St Domingue in 1780. It seemed to be listed by Robert Morris as King’s brig, Cat.


Catain.

R81II:287, a small privateer brig, 6 guns, 32 men, captured by the British Aeolus, Portland, Vestal in 1781.


La Catalina.

A2:VIII:7, and A2:IX:28, Spanish brigantine, probably in New Orleans in 1778 and 1779. Beerman:86, saetia in Mobile operation, 1780. (These may be different vessels.)


Catchall.

Allen:91, Paine:455, LCP:38/39(Record 241), LM MA privateer schooner of 6 guns and 15 men, under Capt Moses Chase 10 Nov 1782. Owners were Miles Ward, Jr, and others of Salem.


Catharina Wilhelmina.

SchV:67, Dutch armed merchant ship, captured in 1781 by two British vessels, Perseus, Fortune.


Catherine.

ND1:1373, 1381, ??? ship, 160 tons, 13 men, probably British, Capt James McNeil, active in early 1775, Annapolis to Cork, with wheat, flour, and staves, then back from Dublin with ballast and 60 servants.


Catherine.

ND1:1374, 1382, ND3:1369, probably American snow, 80 tons, 9 men, Capt Nicholas Fortune, active in 1775, probably British, Annapolis to Bristol with wheat, flour, and staves, return in ballast. Made non-British declaration, Jul 1775.


Catherine.

ND3:1248, ??? schooner, probably British, active 1775.


Catherine.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:711, British vessel, Capt Oram, Newfoundland to Spain, at Newfoundland, 80 tons, captured by American privateer Sep 1776.


Catherine.

Mc:130, British sloop captured in Aug 1777 by CT ship Oliver Cromwell, Capt Seth Harding.


Catherine.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Truman, Jamaica to London, taken and retaken, 1777.


Catherine.

R77:406, ND9:93, British brigantine, Capt Roger Scallion, Dublin to Antigua, captured by American Fly, 30 May 1777.


Catherine.

NR10:65, 66n, British brigantine, Capt John Gardner, captured by the Massachusetts, 8 Oct 1777. ND10:254, libelled in MA Middle Court, 1777.


Catherine.

ND1:1087, brig, Capt Timothy Pearce, Hispaniola to Boston, captured and sent to Boston, where the British bought the cargo of molasses and returned the brig, Aug 1775.


Catherine.

ND2:655, brig from Philadelphia, Capt John Mullony, Cadiz to Philadelphia, captured and taken to Boston, Oct 1775.


Catherine.

DaviesVII:307, Virginia vessel which traded directly with Dunkirk, Capt Paton, Apr 1775. She and the Isabella were owned by VA merchants who had formerly lived on the Isle of Man. (Eventual allegiance of these vessels not known.)


Catherine.

ND3:1248, RI schooner, Capt Thomas Cotterell, bonded Feb 1776 for a voyage to Philadelphia.


Catherine.

ND4:947, ship which arrived at Bourdeau, Capt Peter Young, with Dutch colors, allegedly from St. Eustatia, to buy war materials for American colonies, 11 Feb 1776.


Catherine.

ND5:753, proposed in Cont. Congress in June 1776 that it purchase the brig, just as she lay in CT at the time.


Catherine.

Force:5:III:1524, ND5:546, American sloop, loaded with lumber, abandoned with crew escaping in boat, captured and burned 15 Jun 1776 by British Cerberus off Block Island.


Cathrine/Catherine.

ND6:136, M:96, MD6:136, Nantucket brig, Capt John Barnicoat, Aug 1776, captured by Tyrannicide, 10 Aug 1776. Ford1776:482, 484.


Catherine.

ND7:490, ND11:612, American schooner, Capt Lazar Trabaud, captured by British transport ship True Love, Capt John Reid, and condemned at Grenada, Apr 1777.


Catherine.

ND9:451, schooner, 1777. ND8:490, possibly the schooner captured by British Pelican, 1777. M&S:147, French officers from Cape François were on their way to Boston on a schooner Catherine in Jul 1778?


Catherine.

ND10:911, schooner, Capt William Boyne, captured in 1777 by British Alarm.


Catherine.

CTP:8, CT sloop, Capt William Davison, Apr 1777, New Haven to West Indies for salt. ND11:724, 734, furnished equipment for the CT Navy ship Defence.


Catherine.

Robertson(1959):123, sloop of East Greenwich, RI, captured by British after 30 Dec 1777 and taken to Jamaica. ND11:453, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman.


Catherine.

ND11:377, RI sloop, Capt David Arnold, Providence to Cape François, enroute Jan 1778. (This is recorded as a different sloop from the one captured by British Winchelsea.


Catharina/Catherine.

NR:247, LCP:38/39, LM PA schooner, 6 guns 20 men, Capt Adrian Lambert, Jul 1780.


Catharine.

VANavy:164, LCP:38/39, VA LM sloop of 20 carriage guns and 40 men, Capt Thomas McNally, Jan 1781.


Catherine and Anne.

Force:5:III:1527, British vessel, Seville to Weymouth, released, 1776.


Catherine & Elizabeth.

ND1:1247, brigantine, New York to Madeira, permit to sail, Aug 1775.


Catherine & June.

McM:470, British sloop captured by Capt Adam Hyler, in 1782.


Cato.

ND2:1358, ??? schooner, 20 tons, Capt Eleazar Trevett, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to Antigua with beef, pork, tobacco, and livestock.


Cato.

DaviesXVII:27, brig, apparently British, Capt Scot, moved British goods to St Eustatius for sale to Americans, Jan 1779, labeled a false trader.


Cato.

DaviesXIX:179, British vessel, Grenada to Canada, captured by British privateer, Sep 1781, and sold after being condemned in Admiralty Court, causing a British complaint against the lawless conduct of their own Admiralty Courts of Tortola and Anguilla.


Cato.

SchV:51, British vessel, 50 guns, Vice-Admiral Sir H. Parker, and Captain J. Clark, lost on her passage to East Indies in 1783, crew perished.


Cato

of Beverly, MA. Allen:91, snow, 10 guns and 30 men, LM. Howe:406, in action 18 Sep 1779 under Capt Eleazer Giles. Owners probably were Andrew and John Cabot of Beverly.


Cato.

Allen:91, MA privateer schooner, 2 guns 20 men, Capt William Steward 1 May 1779. Owners were Jonathan Nutting and others of Boston. (next three entries could represent the same vessel under different ownership.)


Cato.

Allen:91, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 6 swivels, 30 men, Capt Samuel Trask 8 Sep 1779.


Cato.

Allen:91, MA schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt Noah Stoddard 3 Nov 1779, owners Thomas Crafts and others.


Cato.

Allen:92, MA privateer schooner, 5 guns, 18 men, Capt Timothy Weston 23 Mar 1780, owners Dimond Morton and others.


Cato.

Allen:92, NR:247, LCP:38/39, Appeals Case 86, LM MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt David Allen of Boston in Sep 1780. Crewmen listed in MAS.


Cato.

NR:247, LCP:38/39, LM MD brig, 14 guns, 40 men, Capt Benjamin Wickes, Dec 1780.


Cato.

Allen:93, LCP:38/39, MA privateer ship of 16 guns, 50 men, under John Tittle of Marblehead, fought off three British cruisers in Nov 1781.


Cato.

Allen:92, NR:248, LCP:38/39(Record 619), LM MA ship, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Benjamin Lunt of Newburyport 5 Feb 1781.


Cato.

Allen:92, LCP:38/39(Record 424), LM MA ship, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt John Lee of Newburyport 9 Feb 1781.


Cato.

Allen:92-93, 94, NR:248, Paine:454, LCP:38/39(Records 357 & 480), LM MA brigantine, 8/16 guns, 20/60 men, Capt Jesse Fearson 28 May 1781, then later when under Capt Johnson Briggs of Salem was captured 29 Mar 1782 by British privateer brig of 16 guns, 75 men. Capt Briggs had previously captured a sugar ship from Jamaica, but had lost her, as well as a prize ship of 400 tons, the St Mary’s Packet, which had arrived at Salem in Nov 1781. C33.


Cato.

Allen:92, MA privateer schooner, Capt William Morgan of Boston in 1781. LCP38/39 shows an MA schooner commanded by David Allen (Record 282) and by James Pickman (Record 357). Capt Morgan had captured the schooner Sally and had brought her into Boston.


Cato.

Allen:93, NR:248, LCP38/39(Record 134), LM MA ship, 16 guns, 50 men, Capt John Tittle/Little of Marblehead, 15 Nov 1781.


Cato.

Allen:93, NR:248, LCP:38/39, CTP:63-64, NLHS:I:IV:27, CT LM ship, 12 guns, 50 men, Capt Daniel Tappan of Newburyport, MA in May, 1782. LCP:38/39(Record 821), CT ship, 12 guns, 50 men, under Capt Daniel Tappan. Owners were Caleb and Joseph Tappan of Newburyport. Howard:163-164, brig from New London to the West Indies in August 1783, ship commanded by Capt Seth Harding during wartime.


Cato.

Allen:94, MA privateer schooner, 35 tons, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Benjamin Green Mansfield 1 Jan 1783. Ford1783:368.


Caton.

JA8:359, French ship of the line, 64 guns, on the way to America, 1779. SchV:59, 64 guns, 600 men, captured in April 1782 in the Mona Passage by Admiral S. Hood. It was from Toulon, in Mediterranean cruises, Oct 1778, in the de Guichen West Indies fleet of 1780. Comm:160-164, in the de Grasse fleet of 1781, with crew listing. At Chesapeake Bay, Sep 1781. .


Caty.

ND3:1198, ship from Boston to New York, 10 Feb 1776, probably British.


El Cayman.

DaviesXVIII:233, Spanish frigate in West Indies, 1780, in the Battle for Mobile with 22 guns, 177 men from Havana. C&C:91, 94, 103, Spanish frigate tender, 22 guns, 154 men, used in 1781 Battle of Pensacola.


Cazia.

Force:5:III:1525, ND4:1342, American vessel, Cape François to Philadelphia, captured 29 Apr 1776 by British Roebuck.


Cecelia.

DaviesXVIII:233, Spanish ship in West Indies, 1780.


Censeur.

LG:449, French war vessel, in action at Gibraltar, 1782. Gottschalk:389, French flagship under Admiral de Vialis in Dec 1782.


Centaur.

ND7:223, HMS ship, Capt William Brereton, received Rebel (American) prisoners 22 Dec 1776. JA6:45. SchV:51, British warship, 74 guns, Capt J. H. Inglefield, in September 1782 foundered off Newfoundland on her passage from Jamaica, captain and 11 crew members saved.


Centipede

of Beverly, MA, schooner. There are four listings for a schooner of this name as a privateer, all showing a schooner of 40/45 tons, 16 or so guns, and 35/40 men. Whether this was the same schooner being registered for different voyages, or different schooners, is not known. Allen:94-95 shows seven schooners of this name, with dates which do not overlap, under commands of William Langdell/Langdon, 25 Dec 1777, William Steward in 1778, Samuel Ingersoll 21 May 1778, Joseph Pratt 29 Sep 1778, Gideon Henfield 3 Aug 1779, Joseph Pitman 27 Apr 1780, and Samuel Croel in June, 1780. Paine:454, Salem schooner. It seems likely this was the same schooner, with changing ownership. Elias Hasket Derby of Salem, Joseph White, and Samuel Ward, were usually among the owners.


Centurion.

ND1:525, 1338, ??? sloop, active in 1775.


Centurion.

ND9:519, 638, American sloop, Capt Thomas Folger, captured by British Levant, 21 Jul 1777.


Centurion.

Smith:207, McMA:96, transport sloop, Capt William McLellan, used in the Penobscot Expedition, Jun/Jul 1779.


Centurion.

NR:248, LCP:38/39, LM MD schooner, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt William Woolsey, Mar 1780.


Centurion.

Howe:428, privateer in operation in 1780 under Capt Simon Forrester of Salem. Allen:95, MA privateer ship of 16 guns, 60 men, under Capt Gerald Forrester 4 Jan 1780.


Centurion.

FordXVIII:909, schooner, Capt Benjamin Slade, captured by British Alcide by Oct 1780. Kaminkow:221, C112, captured before Nov 1780.


Centurion.

CTP:65, CT privateer sloop, Capt Joseph Dodge, Apr 1782.

Cerberus. FW3:602, SchV:47, CTP:6, 10, 93, British vessel, 28 guns, Capt John Symonds, destroyed at RI 7 Aug 1778 to prevent capture.


Cerberus.

SchV:51, British vessel, 32 guns, Capt Sir J. Wheate, lost in 1783 on a reef of rocks at Bermudas.


Ceremes/Cerein.

ND4:804, French Ship, Capt De Marguy/Marigny, 1776, wartime activity not known.


Cèrés,

Lawrence:158, SchV:42, CTP:232, British cutter/corvette, 18 guns, taken by the French frigate L’Iphigenie at Savannah in 1779 and converted to French use. With de Guichen fleet in 1780. Lost to British at Les Saintes, Apr 1782. Noailles: shows a ship of this name at Grenada, 1779. Villiers:218, 300, shows a frigate in 1780 escorting convoy from Ile d'Aix to Martinique.


Ceres.

ND2:394, American ship, Capt Lambert Wickes, active Jan 1775 at Oxford, MD.


Ceres.

ND8:608, French ship, 1777.


La Cérés.

ND6:385, ND11:929, 975, French ship, Capt Icard, active fall 1776, departed Martinique and was stopped, boarded, and searched by British. Ford1778:879, ND7:740, possibly the French tartan, Capt Claude Icard, by order of Thomas Morris of Nantes, sent cargo to William Bingham of Martinique, accounts paid by Cont. Congress, Sep 1778. SchV:59, Villiers:218, 300, frigate, 18 guns, 1880 men, captured in 1782 in the Mona Passage by Admiral S. Hood. (The number of men seems doubtful, but it could have been one of the transports for French troops.)


Ceres.

Eller:332, Salem, MA brig, Alexandria to West Indies, captured in Chesapeake Bay by British privateers, 1781/82.


Ceres.

C55, MD brig, 12 guns, 35 men, Capt J. Channing, active Sep 1782. RM9:346, this may be the vessel on which Thomas Jefferson went to London 5 Jul 1784, arriving in 19 days.


Le Cerf/Stag,

18 guns, 1779. Coggins:204, GWA:445, 702, Smith:226, 228-229, Fowler:160, Cont. cutter, 18 guns, lent by France in 1779, returned to France after the war. Morison:269, received prize money from working with Capt John Paul Jones. FW3:309, C321, Cont. Capt Joseph de Varage in 1779 and later as Capt of the Stag. JA8:42, French ship, possibly the same.


Certificate.

Allen:95, MA privateer schooner of 6 guns in wartime service.


César.

Annual Register 21:182, Comm:65-69, French warship, 70 guns, Capt Broves, in 1778 part of squadron of D’Estaing, crew listed. SchV:60, French warship, 74 guns, burned after the Apr 1782 action with Admiral G. B. Rodney at Les Saintes in the West Indies. Comm:65-69, in d’Estaing’s fleet of 1778, with crew listing. At Grenada, 1779. Lawrence:9, 12, 138, 143, at Savannah, Sep 1779. Kennett:16, sprang a leak while waiting to sail to America with Rochambeau’s army. In de Guichen’s fleet in 1780. In de Grasse fleet in 1781. At Martinique and Chesapeake Bay in 1781.


Chace.

Allen:95, Paine:454, NR:249, LCP:38/39(Record 210), LM MA privateer brigantine of 10 guns and 35 men under Capt Cornelius Thompson of Salem 7 Sep 1781. R82II:273, shown as a privateer sloop, captured by British, 29 May 1782.


Chacy.

McPA:257, Continental ship, 1779-1780.


Chakley/Chaiskley/Chualkley.

M:121-122, McMA, ND8:819, British ship, Capt James Furse, Honduras to Bristol, captured 6 Apr 1777 by MA Massachusetts and Tyrannicide. R77:108, shows the Chalkley, Capt Euze, Honduras to Bristol, 1777.


L’Chambequin/Caymán.

Sch:IV:355, 30 guns, Capt N, McDonnel, in Great Expedition, Apr 1780. C&C:12, 99, Spanish war corvette, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Chambotes.

ND6:951, sloop, probably British, active, fall 1776.


Champion.

McM:295, ND8:917, British ship, prize of the PA Oliver Cromwell, Apr 1777. R77:108, shows a vessel headed to Bristol with sugar, etc.


Champion.

ND1:252, 312, 337, 557, 1367 American ship, Capt Seth Paddock, captured 11 May 1775, by British Falcon.


Champion.

ND1:392, 483, ??? vessel, Capt Staunton, active in 1775.


Champion.

ND1:483, ND7:781, snow, possibly Danish, Capt William Innes Pocock, owner Richard Champion, herring from Gottenburgh to Statia, 5 Dec 1776, working with Willing, Morris & Company. A relative, Capt Isaac Pocock, had been captured in the Marquis of Rockingham by the American Sturdy Beggar.


Champion.

R77:108, ND9:884, British ship, Capt N. Fellows, Rocley Bay to Courland Bay, captured by American privateer, 5 Sep 1777.


Champion.

R80I:69, 71, British store ship taken by French at GA in 1779.


Champion/Somerset.

DaviesXVI:446, ship built in New England in 1774-75 for Champion, Cickenson, & Comp., apparently hidden away in New England, was to sail in 1780, Capt Timothy Folger, from Nantucket to London.


Champion.

ND5:648, 429, American snow, Capt Richard James, permitted in May 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay. This snow was later chased by a man of war and was run on shore, cargo saved, but vessel lost, Jun 1776.


Champion, 8 guns, 1777.

ND9:711, 806, 974, ND10:568, Coggins:204, Capt James Josiah, 8 guns, xebec gunboat of PA lent to Continental Navy in 1777, then destroyed to avoid capture in Delaware River, 21 Nov 1777. Ford1779:1017. (The xebec was of shallow draft and Arabic design, with three masts with lanteen sails, and a large overhang at bow and stern. Apparently it was considered suitable for work in estuaries and river systems.)


Champion.

R77:233, ND8:490, 1057, ND11:126, American ship, Capt Joseph Haskell/Haskil, from Manchester, captured by British Perseus, Capt Charles Phipps, and condemned at Antigua, 4 Apr 1777.


Champion.

FordXV:1017, apparently an American ship, for which John Emmes was pilot, and he was to be court-martialed for desertion as her pilot.


Chance.

British schooner captured by the American Ranger and taken into Portsmouth on 22 Apr 1775. There was another vessel captured from a British convoy headed for Georgia in 1778 or 1779, which may have become confused in the records with this one.


Chance.

ND4:838, 1202, probably British sloop, active mid 1776.


Chance.

ND9:40, 41, British brigantine, Capt Jefferey Tapley, captured by American Lee, recaptured by British Mermaid, prize crew sent to Halifax prison, 11 May 1777.


Chance.

Eastman:59, British merchant brig captured by Americans and taken to Egg Harbor, NJ.


Chance.

Rider:168, British brigantine, captured 25 Dec 1778 by Continental sloop Providence.


Chance.

Paullin:100, British schooner captured in summer 1779 and taken to Portsmouth by the Ranger. Mc:198, 363, British schooner, captured Apr 1779 by the Warren, Capt John B. Hopkins, and others. JA8:29, possibly the British schooner mentioned.


Chance.

H:199, British brigantine, taken by Americans, 1779.


Chance.

PCOII:105, 109, 113, British brigantine captured Sep 1779 and sent into Egg Harbor, NJ, by the American Argo, Capt Silas Talbot.


Chance.

CTP:84, British sloop, Capt Edward Donaghue, from Ireland, captured 7 Oct 1781 by CT brigantine Fair American. C54.


Chance.

NLHS:I:IV:14, shows a British schooner captured in Oct 1779 by The Lively, Capt Esek Hopkins, Jr.


Chance.

British brig, Capt Alexander Wiley, captured in Jan 1781 by PA privateer brigantine, Ariel.


Chance.

Emmons:46/47, British schooner captured by American force. This may have been part of a British convoy moving provisions and goods from New York to Georgia for the British Army.


Chance.

ND3:1115, ND5:909, Philadelphia brig, Capt John Craig, owner Capt Thomas Mason of Philadelphia, loaded with arms and saltpetre, arrived at the Cape, Feb 1776. ND2:747, 790, Charles Biddle left Philadelphia for Europe in a brig under Capt John Craig which joined others off Newfoundland for the trip to Europe. At L’Orient, he met Thomas Mason, who introduced him to French merchants. Capt Thomas Mason was in a schooner, the Charming Polly, loaded with saltpetre, but he helped load out the Chance, which he then took over, so that he arrived back at Philadelphia in the vessel in which John Craig had left. A brig, the Dune, 100 tons, Capt John Craig, was negotiating for arms and powder at the same time. (This was actually the Chance, in which Charles Biddle had arrived.) (It appears that Thomas Mason owned the brig Chance as well as the schooner Charming Polly, so he could readily change captains.)


Chance.

Force:5:III:1525, ND4:266, 790, ND5:117, ND6:1124, Capture 18, American ship, master Thomas Rose, Philadelphia to Cork, captured 12 Apr 1776 by British Roebuck, taken to Halifax and condemned 16 May 1776.


Chance.

ND4:775, PA sloop, requesting privateer bond 11 Apr 1776. Ford1776:250, 958, NR:249, LCP:40/41, ND5:882, 908-909, LM PA privateer sloop, 4 guns, 45 men, Capt John Adams, Apr 1776. Maclay:74, 85, PA sloop of 4 guns captured a ship in 1776. McPA:346, sloop under Capt John Adams, one of the first legally authorized to raid British shipping, 11 Apr 1776. ND7:198, C262, PA sloop, 6 guns, 34 men, Capt James Robertson, active Jul 1776. C1, active Apr 1778. C:1, PA sloop, 4 guns, 45 men, Capt John Adams, Apr 1778. NR:249, LCP:40/41, LM PA sloop, 2 guns, 40 men, Capt David Stevens, Jul 1778. C4, in May 1781 sloop Chance captured by British Admiral Edwards. Possibly JA5:35.


Chance.

R77:233, ND6:1124, ND8:1057, American ship, Capt John Verder/Verden, from Philadelphia, captured by British Pearl, 29 Apr 1777.


Chance.

ND6:1093, 1103, ND7:12, 317, ND8:520, ND9:713, PA privateer sloop, Capt James Armitage, captured British William, 1777. It was shown captured by Brittainia 1 Nov 1776.


Chance.

ND6:1155, sloop, Capt James Robertson, PA privateer which captured Juno, Reynolds, and others.


Chance.

Force:5:III:1525, ND7:859, American sloop, master Thomas Bell, to Georgia, captured 22 Nov 1776 by British Camilla.


Chance.

SCNavy:83, schooner taken for state use, valued at 50,000 pounds, Mar 1780.


Chance.

Capture:18, sloop captured before 24 Oct 1777.


Chance.

ND7:467, C168, SC privateer brig, Capt Jacob Johnston, commission from 23 Nov 1776.

C167, 168, SC brigantine, Capt Peter Johnston, and nearly all his crewmen, except four, died by drowning, Mar 1777. R77:234, ND8:26, 41, 595, American vessel, Capt deceased, from Hispaniola, captured by British Hound, Mar 1777.


Chance.

ND8:158, 393, 1058, American sloop captured by British Juno, 19 Feb 1777.


Chance.

ND9:628, American brig captured by British Hawke, 1777.


Chance.

McM:248, MA brig, 1777.


Chance/Charles.

ND10:627, 677, 678n, PA privateer brigantine, Capt John McIlnoe, bound for NC 6 Dec 1777.


Chance.

NR10:732, 733n, McM:249, Continental brigantine, 90 tons, 16 men 8 guns, 8 swivels, Capt John Stevens, at St Vincent, Dec 1777. ND11:342, captured 21 Jan 1778, by British Galatea,


Chance.

NR:249, LCP:40/41, LM NJ boat, Capt Timothy Shaler, Mar 1778.


Chance.

ND11:739, New England schooner, Capt Smith, operating in West Indies, Mar 1778.


Chance.

ND11:739, New England sloop, Capt Cooper, operating in West Indies, Mar 1778.


Chance.

Eller:276, American schooner, with the PA Jay, the brig Industry, the schooner Humming Bird, and the sloop Bacchus, in 1779 captured the British brig Pitt, Capt Sylvanus Jenks, and sent her into Sinepuxent.


Chance.

NR:250, LCP:40/41, LM MD schooner, 10 guns, 27 men, Capt Davidson Durham, Mar 1780. ND11:214, this may be the same schooner mentioned in Jan 1778.


Chance.

DaviesXV:44, Congress brig, Capt George Stephens, taken by British, Capt Jordan, 1778.


Chance.

NR:249, LCP:40/41(Record 1015), LM NJ sloop, 6 guns, 40 men, Capt James Leach, Feb 1779.


Chance.

NR:249, LCP:40/41(Record 1030), LM PA boat, 2 guns, 30 men, Capt Robert Snell, 3 May 1779.


Chance.

NR:250, LCP:40/41, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 26 men, Capt Samuel Snell, Sep 1779.


Chance.

NR:250, LCP:40/41, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Francis Knox in Sep 1779 and Capt Francis Hodgson in Jul 1780.


Chance.

NR:250, Appeals Case 63, LCP:40/41, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt William Grandall, Jul 1779.


Chance.

R80I:350, American brig, Capt John McKay, from St Eustatia to CT, captured at Cape Cod in 1779.


Chance.

NR:250, Maclay:207, LCP:40/41, LM PA schooner of 2 guns, 15 men, Capt Nathaniel Palmer, captured a sloop in Jul 1780.


Chance.

Allen:96, Kaminkow:221, C4, Capt William Almy, MA privateer sloop, 50 tons, 6 guns, 12 men, 10 Apr 1780, owners Samuel Dunn, Jr, and Mungo Mackay, and others of Boston, captured May, 1781 by British Admiral Edwards, taken by Americans to VA, retaken by British to New York, retaken by Americans to Boston, retaken by British, with crewmembers to British prison.


Chance.

Howe:406, brig, 85 tons, MA LM, sold at Cape François in 1782. Allen:96, it had been under command of Zachariah Gage.


Chance.

Dandridge:336, privateer of 12 guns and 65 men taken in 1782 and crew to prison ship in New York. Howe:388, H:197, Providence, RI privateer sloop, Capt Daniel Freeborn/Aborn of Providence, RI, taken by the British Belisarius, Capt Graves, in 1782.


Chance.

Allen:69, 96, MA privateer schooner from Boston under Capt Newell before Oct 1782, captured and taken into Bermuda, some of the crew sent in a cartel to Boston.


Charity.

ND1:1254, sloop, Capt or shipper Abraham de Peyster, permitted to ship corn from New York to West Indies, Aug 1775. ND3:159, this may be the sloop detained by British Asia, 18 Dec 1775.


Charity/Lango Lee.

Eller:470, apparently VA brigantine laden with James River tobacco captured 7 Feb 1781 by HMS Charleston, Capt Evans.


Charles.

ND4:188, 433, probably British ship, Capt Dennison, in St Pierres Bay, Martinique from Newburn, NC, 5 Mar 1776.


Charles.

GWNavy:235, Capture:19, British brigantine from Waterford, Ireland, Capt. Jeffrey Tapley, captured 11 May 1777 by the privateer schooner Lee, then sent to Boston, was recaptured about 23 May by the British Mermaid.


Charles.

ND1:6, 1374, 1382, probably American ship, 90 tons, 10 men, Capt Charles Reiley, entered Baltimore from Liverpool 26 Jun 1775, making a non-British declaration. Its outgoing cargo from Annapolis was wheat, flour, staves.


Charles.

Augur:62, Morris powder runner, Capt Baham. ND4:188, Morrissey: sloop from Newburn, NC, under Capt Dennison seeking powder at St Pierre, Mar 1776.


Charles.

ND10:980, brig, Capt White, at St Georges, Canada, 18 Sep 1777.


Charles.

R82II:376, American? vessel captured going to Turks Island, 1782.


Charles and Sally.

British ship captured by CT privateer sloop Broom, Capt W. Knott, Aug 1776.


Charlestown.

ND5:871, American/MA schooner/cutter, Capt Josiah Batcheldor, to discharge the schooner from MA service and return her to her owners, Jul 1776.


Charleston.

Greenwood:95, 24 gun frigate Boston, taken by British at Charleston 12 May 1780 and put in British navy as the 28 gun Charleston.


Charleston & Savannah Packet.

ND1:1170, 1209, ND2:92, 209, SC schooner/packet, Capt John Turner, taking part in a raid on a Bermuda powder magazine, Aug 1775,


Charlotte.

Schooner built between 1763 and 1771 for American/British use, and probably one of those listed below.


Charlotte.

ND2:342, ??? brigantine, Capt Parker, probably British, active 1775.


Charlotte.

ND2:1018, 1038, 1215, ??? ship, probably British, active 1775.


Charlotte.

ND2:29, 840-41, 1264, 1266, ??? sloop, Capt Jacob Lobb, probably British, active 1775.


Charlotte.

ND6:1345, Quebec Province armed vessel wrecked at Lake Champaign, Oct 1776.


Charlotte.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Stephens, Ireland to the West Indies, taken & retaken, 1777.


Charlotte.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Urban, West Indies to St Augustine, 1777. ND10:15-16, one vessel of this name was libelled in MA Middle District, 1777.


Charlotte.

General Sullivan, British snow, a prize of the NH privateer, General Sullivan, under Capt Thomas Manning.


Charlotte.

CTP:54, British sloop, 60 tons, Capt Charles Wheeler, Newport to New York, captured 16 Apr 1779, by the CT sloop Beaver, Capt William Havens, for sale, June 1779. C144.


Charlotte.

CTP:233, British sloop, Capt James Guion, fuel for British in New York, captured 19 Jan 1781 by the CT armed boat True Blue.


Charlotte.

McM:499, British sloop, prize of NJ vessel, captured 28 Jun 1776, in RI court, Oct 1776.


Charlotte.

ND7:63, ND10:1204, sloop/British Army Transport, Capt John/Samuel Cox, captured by the Montgomery, Capt William Rogers, and the Schuyler, 5 Jul 1776 or 1 Oct 1776. C264,


Charlotte.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Paxton, Jamaica to Bristol, 1777.


Charlotte.

ND10:15-16, British brigantine, Capt Job Bradford, captured by Revenge, 7 Oct 1777.


Charlotte.

ND9:933, British schooner, captured by Americans, recaptured by British Cabot, 17 Sep 1777.


Charlotte.

FordXII:830, British ship captured by French Count d’Estaing which had British citizens of New Providence, Bahamas, confined to jail in Philadelphia.


Charlotte.

British brig, from Antigua to Port Glasgow, with rum, sugar, coffee, and molasses, boarded by MA privateer Grand Turk, on 16 Aug 1782, and ordered to the United States.


Charlotte.

ND1:707, 775, 895, ND2:48, 109, 159, ??? tender, active in 1775.


Charlotte.

ND2:???, ??? advice boat, probably American, active 1775.


Charlotte.

ND1:1247, 1254, sloop, Capt Nathaniel Harriet, made voyage from New York to Kingston, Jamaica, Jan 1775.


Charlotte.

ND2:1376, ND3:985-966, schooner, Capt Joshua Northey/Nathey, owner Samuel Russell Gerry, captured Sep 1775 by HM brig Hope.


Charlotte.

ND3:1369, probably American ship, Capt Thomas Egger, Jr, entered Baltimore from Newcastle 4 Sep 1775, made non-British declaration .


Charlotte.

ND3:155, vessel, probably American, active sailing for VA 17 Dec 1775.


Charlotte.

ND3:1081, RI schooner, Capt Thomas Thayer, Providence owners, bonded 1 Feb 1776.


Charlotte.

DaviesX:532, vessel of RI, Capt Oliver Bowen, captured at Savannah, Nov 1775. ND4:1193, sloop which arrived at RI, Capt John Joy, from SC Apr 1776.


Charlotte.

ND4:1482, sloop, Capt John Norris, RI to NY and NJ, 22 May 1776.


Charlotte.

ND5:947, transport, Capt Samuel Cox. Captured by Montgomery, 5 Jul 1776.


Charlotte.

ND6:980, 1170, VA sloop, Capt John Williams, captured by HM schooner Porcupine, 27 Sep 1776.


Charlotte.

ND10:1130-1131, CC:M247, R110, #83, FordXVII:466, merchant ship, Capt William Sinclair, in 1777 moved military supplies from Cadiz to America. By order of Arthur Lee, moved supplies from Gardoqui & Sons from Bilbao to America. Ford1778:830.


Charlotte.

ND8:859, snow, formerly Generous Friends, probably American, active 1777.


Charlotte.

SchV:62, French privateer, 20 guns, 120 men, captured in 1780 in the Channel by the Scourge.


Charlotte.

Allen:96, C151, MA privateer schooner, Capt Samuel Hill, captured the British Endeavor prior to Aug 1781, still operating in 1782. Henry Gallison and others were listed as the owners of the schooner Charlotte, alias Nimble Shilling.


*Charmonte, 38 guns, from Brest, to Martinique, Oct 1778.

Benson:107, wrecked on a rock in 1780, only 85 of crew of 305 saved, among them Baron and Count Johan af Puke, a Swedish officer serving as a French Lt. Villiers:299, escort duty from St Domingue to Brest, 1779. Charmante, shipwrecked 24 Mar 1780. JA8:359, 360, Benson:107, Villiers:299, French frigate, 38 guns, Brest to Martinique, Oct 1778, probably the one shipwrecked 24 Mar 1780.


Chasseur.

ND9:743, French sloop, Capt Jean Baptiste Le Blanc, 1777.


La Charmante.

A3:XI:4, probably a Spanish schooner in New Orleans in 1781.


Charming Amelia.

NR:251, LCP:40/41, LM PA brigantine, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Alexander Hegny/Heguy, Dec 1781.


Charming Anne.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:810, British schooner, Capt Jones, 26 tons, captured at Nova Scotia, 11 Dec 1776 by the Putnam.


Charming Betsey.

ND2:1353, ??? brig, 50 tons, Capt John Boyce, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to London, with tar and turpentine.


Charming Betsey.

ND2:1351, 1359, ??? brig, 100 tons, Capt Alexander Stockdale, probably British, active 1775, in ballast, St Nicholas Mole to Roanoke, then back to West Indies with plank and shingles.


Charming Betsey.

ND10:923, 249, British brig, Capt Ephraim Gardner, captured by the Mars, 19 Oct 1777.


Charming Betsey.

DaviesXVI:278, American vessel bound for Martinique taken by Jersey privateer Minerva, Apr 1780.


Charming Elizabeth.

R77:514, British vessel, West Indies to New York, 1777.


Charming Jenny.

R77:406, ND9:562, British snow, Capt John Walker, Memel to Workington, captured by American Tartar, 15 Jul 1777.


Charming Mary.

ND7:706, British ship, Capt Halliday, captured by American privateer 21 Oct 1776, between Newry and Dublin.


Charming Molly.

Mc:526, 527, Eller:166, British LM ship, prize of Continental sloop Saratoga, Capt John Young, recaptured by British HMS Intrepid and taken into New York, Oct 1780.


Charming Molly.

NR:251, LCP:40/41, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt John Stillwell in Apr and Jul 1781, Capt John Tanner in Sep 1781 (Record 920), and Capt James Clifton in Dec 1781.


Charming Molly.

Cohen:15, 226n, a refitted American privateer Rising States, which had been captured by Britisn Terrible.


Charming Nancy.

Hearn:86, ND1:28, 329, 518, 1181, 1205, ND2:700, 927, 952, 706. transport, probably British, active 1775.


Charming Nancy.

ND4:172, British ship, Capt Robert King, of London, captured at Savannah but recaptured 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley and Major Grant.


Charming Nancy.

R77:231, ND8:1054, American vessel, Capt Peter Bushel, from Philadelphia, captured by British Emerald, 17 Mar 1777.


Charming Nancy.

ND10:35, schooner, Capt Robert Crosby, captured by Lady Parker, 4 Oct 1777.


Charming Nancy.

ND8:461, sloop, Capt Stafford Amory, probably British, captured by privateers, 28 Apr 1777.


Charming Nancy.

Allen:96, MA brigantine of 8 guns and 20 men operating 23 Nov 1779 under Capt William Faris/Parris/Farris, owner John Tracy of Newburyport. JA7:125, probably the privateer brigantine from MA.


Charming Peggy.

Mc:93, ND9:919, ND11:1174, British brig, Capt Philip Lyon, prize of the frigate Randolph, Capt Nicholas Biddle, Sep 1777. R77:514, possibly Jamaica to New York with 250 hogsheads of rum, 1777.


Charming Peggy/The Peggy.

ND1:970, 1197, ND2:655, ND3:1103, ND4:181, ship, Capt Thomas Dowman/Downing, owners H. Koppel and John Steinmetz, captured by HMS Glascow and sent to Boston., Aug 1775. Appeals:xxxix, 162:1:3, with cargo, in case. ND5:724, American ship, captured 25 Jul 1775 by HMS Glasgow, condemned and sold, re-registered in Nova Scotia as the Peggy. Ford1776:884.


Charming Peggy.

A small vessel of 120 tons under Capt Conyngham, arrived at Dunkirk 3 Dec 1775. Maclay:71, brig of 12 guns captured a vessel in 1776. ND3:471, 478, 507, Augur:81-84, ND4:1054, ND6:1070, privateer, Capt Gustavus Conyngham.


Charming Peggy.

ND3:681, schooner arrived at Chester with saltpetre, Jan 1776.


Charming Peggy.

ND3:1183, vessel, Capt William Barron, owner Christopher Champlin of RI, put into Norwich, CT in distress, Feb 1776.


Charming Peggy.

Allen:96, ND5:586, a New England brig of 12 guns, 12 swivels, and 25 men operating in June 1776 from Curaçao to Newport, under Capt Joseph Jauncey.


Charming Peggy.

Allen:96, MA privateer brigantine of 10 guns, 40 men operating 26 Oct 1779 under Capt John Phillips, owner John R. Livingston.


Charming Polly.

ND2:400, 418, 1377, American schooner, Capt John Guilker, active 1775, Geneva to Salem, with Soap and European goods, captured by British Nautilus, condemned and sold.


Charming Polly.

R77:406, British vessel, Jamaica to London, 1777.


Charming Polly.

CC:M247, R108, #82, British vessel, captured by Americans, arrived at Bergen, Norway, as an American prize. JA9:51, possibly this merchant ship, 1780.


Charming Polly.

Howe:368, British merchant ship captured by the Rambler or the Defence in 1781.


Charming Polly.

ND2:786, American schooner, 70 tons, Capt Thomas Paten, Capt Thomas Mason, was in France negotiating for saltpetre, late 1775.


Charming Polly.

ND3:681, schooner, arrived at Chester 8 Jan 1776.


Charming Polly.

ND4:32, 857, American sloop from NY, Capt Thomas Truxton, carried into St. Christophers or to Antigua by British ship Argo, Capt William Garnier, Jan 1776. ND5:466, American sloop, Capt Thomas Truxton, captured by British Schooner St John, 2 Jan 1776.


Charming Polly.

ND4:857, American sloop, captured by transport vessel Pacific near Cape Cod, 4 Mar 1776. Capture, merchant sloop captured 4 Mar 1776 off Cape Cod. Kamenkow:221,


Charming Polly.

Augur:107, Capt Peter Lacey. ND6:147, 149, brigantine, Capts William McFadden, Phillip Lacey, captured 11 Aug 1776 by British Orpheus.


Charming Polly.

ND6:1124, American sloop captured 2 Oct 1776 by British Renown.


Charming Polly.

ND9:343, American schooner captured by British Thames, 27 Jul 1777.


Charming Polly.

C174, captured by British 16 Jan 1777, crew to Mill Prison.


Charming Polly.

Mill:75, Kaminkow:221, privateer sloop taken May 1777, crew to Mill Prison.


Charming Polly.

ND11:129, American sloop, Capt Malcolm McAulay, captured by British schooner Greyhound, Capt Joseph Berry, condemned 16 June 1777 at Antigua.


Charming Polly.

Allen:97, C240, MA privateer sloop of 6 guns, 25 men, operating 18 Aug 1779 under Capt Phoenix Frazier, owners William Erskine and others of Boston.


Charming Polly.

Allen:97, C291, MA privateer brigantine of 6 guns, 20 men, 80 tons operating in 24 Dec 1779 and Jan 1780 under Capt George Southward/Shougherd, owner George Dodge, Jr.


Charming Polly.

Smith:207, Allen:97, McMA:95, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 20 men, owner William Erskine, used in the Penobscot Expedition, Jun/Jul 1779, under John Palmer, destroyed to prevent capture.


Charming Polly.

Paine:454, Kaminkow:221, Allen:97, Salem, MA LM brig under Capt Daniel Bigelow, captured 19 Sep 1780, and crew taken to Mill prison.


Charming Polly.

NR:252, LCP:40/41(Record 1012), LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Alexander T. Ogilvie, Feb 1781.


Charming Sally.

ND1:1362, ??? ship, 160 tons, 12 men, probably British, Capt Felix McGuinnes, active 1775, to Falmouth with 8000 bushels of wheat.


Charming Sally.

ND6:900, ND7:595, 728, British ship, Capt John Steele, captured by Americans, Nov 1776. Force:5:III:1527, CTP:62, British ship, Capt John Stell/Steele, 200 tons, Leeward Islands to Bristol, captured Aug 1776 by CT sloop Broom, Capt William Nott. C223.


Charming Sally.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Hill, Malaga to London, 1777.


Charming Sally.

ND7:274, 469, British brigantine, captured 28 Nov 1776, by American Freedom, renamed Penet.


Charming Sally.

ND10:1205, British brig, 150 tons, Capt M’Croesky, Halifax to Ireland, captured by Jonathan Oakes, trial 31 Jul 1777.


Charming Sally.

McM:166, British schooner, captured by MA vessel, 1778.


Charming Sally.

CTP:83, British schooner, Capt Robert Clark, captured c Oct 1779 by the CT schooner Experiment, Capt Nathan Sage. C268.


Charming Sally.

ND6:1473, ND7:1235, ND9:378, RI privateer sloop, Capt Francis Brown, found to leak and disposed of 19 Feb 1777. Kaminkow:221, Allen:97, MA/CT privateer sloop, Capt Francis Brown in 1776, captured 6 or 16 Jan 1777, by British Nonsuch, and crew to Mill Prison. McM:9-12, ND8:527, RI sloop, 1776, captured by British Nonsuch in 1777, crew of 52 to Quebec, then to Mill prison, where 11 escaped, 2 died, but none joined the British.. Dandridge:167, 170, sloop under Capt Francis Brown captured with 52 men and sent to Mill Prison. Cutler:43, Herbert:21, 38, C143, RI privateer sloop, Capt Francis Brown, captured by the British HMS Burford in Jan/Feb 1777.


Charming Sally.

R77:236, American vessel captured by British in 1776. ND1:1259, possibly the unspecified vessel mentioned.


Charming Sally.

C79, MA privateer sloop, Capt Barzilla Crowell, captured 16 Jan 1777 and Capt Crowell taken in Jan 1777 to Mill Prison.


Charming Sally.

Allen:98, MA privateer schooner, 70 ton, 4 guns, 6 swivels, 15 men Joseph Tilden 12 Jun 1777; under William Briggs 26 Aug 1777, under Thomas Haws 31 Dec 1777. Owners were William Shattuck and others. ND10:23, noted as a CT privateer schooner fitted out 15 Sep 1777.


Charming Sally.

ND8:1063, American ship, captured 13 Aug 1777 by British Liverpool.


Charming Sally.

ND11:739, New England brig privateer, Capt Hammond, operating in West Indies, Mar 1778.


Charming Sally.

ND11:917, RI privateer sloop, captured in 1778 by British Nonsuch.


Charming Sally.

Allen:98, MA privateer sloop, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt John Carey 13 Nov 1778, owners William Shattuck and others.


Charming Sally.

Allen:98, MA privateer ship, 300 tons, 18 guns, 70 men, Capt Alexander Holmes in Jan 1779. Cayford:23, Smith:207, 20 guns, 200 men, Capt Alexander Holmes, owner William Erskine, privateer burned in the Penobscot Expedition, 1779. Allen:98, McMA:95, MA privateer of 300 tons, 18/20 guns, 70/200 men, under Alexander Holmes, destroyed to prevent capture. Crewmen listed in MAS.


Charming Sally.

NR:252, LCP:40/41, LM PA ship, 18 guns, 80 men, Capt Alexander Holmes, Aug 1780.


Charming Sally.

Allen:99, NR:252, LCP:40/41(Record 249), LM MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Samuel Dunn, Jr, of Boston 21 Dec 1782. Maclay:215, MA 10 gun ship joined in attack on a ship in 1782.


Charon.

R83II:190, SchV:49, British vessel, 44 guns, Capt T. Symonds burned in Chesapeake Bay by hot shot from the Americans, 10 Oct 1781. FordXXI:1082, the Charon was captured in the Yorktown operations of 1781, as it was noted in Oct 1781 that one 24 pounder gun and eighteen 18 pounders were removed from it. Kennett:146 mentions such a vessel as French, and the French indeed probably took over the wreckage of the Charon, Guadalope, Fowey, Vulcan and British transports. (Whether it was hot shot from American or French shore batteries is not clear.)


Charter Street.

R77:235, ND8:1061, American brig, Capt Andrew Rogers, from St Eustatia, captured by British Falcon, 12 May 1777.


Chase.

NR:252, LCP:40/41, ND8:458, LM MD ship, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Benjamin Chew, 28 Apr 1777. CC:M247, R38, #31, pp 193, 195, ND10:703, ND11:364-365, in Sep 1778, Stephen Steward of MD requested money to fit out the Chase. M&S225, 243, Ford1778:493, 841, 905, 941, Ford1779:692, FordXVIII:814, in Jan 1779, Mr. DeFrancey requested sale of the Chase with a cargo of tobacco at Baltimore, which was done.


Chaser.

SchV:45, NavChronIV:413, British naval vessel, 18 guns, coppered bottom, Capt T. Par, captured by the French fleet in the Bay of Bengal in 1782, and converted to French use.


Chaser.

H:193, French ship captured by British, Jan 1783.


*Chasseur.

ND9:599, corvette/lougre/lugger, 12 guns, from Brest, Capt Jean-Baptiste de Champagny de Pierrefitte in 1777, with de Guichen in 1780. Peabody:238, this may be the ship which had captured the British brig Atlantic, which she sent with a prize crew to the United States. This prize was boarded by the crew of the Grand Turk, then permitted to pass, 1 Sep 1782. SchV:45, NavChronIV:413, British naval vessel, 18 guns, coppered bottom, captured by the French fleet in the Bay of Bengal in 1782, and converted to French use.


Chaser.

H:193, French ship captured by British, Jan 1783. (This may have been the ship above.)


*Chasseur.

ND9:599, corvette/lougre/lugger, 12 guns, from Brest, Capt Jean-Baptiste de Champagny de Pierrefitte in 1777, with de Guichen in 1780. Peabody:238, this may be the ship which had captured the British brig Atlantic, which she sent with a prize crew to the United States. This prize was boarded by the crew of the Grand Turk, then permitted to pass, 1 Sep 1782.


Chasseur.

Williamson:87, MD brig of 16 guns which under Capt Thomas Boyle cruised along the coast of the British Isles and captured several vessels. JA7:208, 347, possibly the ship mentioned.


Chasseur/Chausseur.

ND9:743, French sloop, Capt Jean Baptiste Le Blanc, at Barbadoes 13 Aug 1777. JA7:328, possibly the French merchant ship mentioned.


Chaste Susanna.

C82, NH brigantine, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Thomas Dalling, active Jun 1780.


Chatham.

CTN:171, Dandridge:96, hulk of an old British vessel, converted into a New York Harbor prison ship in 1776. ND8:109, Capt Philip D’Auvergne, anchored, with prisoners, 14 Mar 1777.


Chatham.

ND10:1207, British schooner, Capt Doan, 20 tons, Halifax to Barrington, N. S. taken by John Marsh, 6 Jul 1779.


Chatam/Chatham.

ND3:1054, 1089, ND5:652, MD pilot boat, Capt Charles Wells, which worked out of Annapolis, MD, Jun 1776. It may have been at Baltimore in Jan 1776. It actually made trips to the West Indies.


Chatham.

ND4:1168, boat, Capt Russell, Jan 1776, involved in trips to West Indies for gunpowder.


Chatham, 1 gun.

ND2:563, 235, 1050, PANavy:337, Maclay:76, ND3:1321, 1322, ND4:1034, PA Navy river galley, 1776-81. R76I:364, ND5:858, ND6:6, ND7:834, ND8:1004, ND9:974, ND10:307, Capt CharlesAlexander in 1776, later Capts James Montgomery, George Garland. It was one of six small craft remaining in the PA Navy in March 1779. Built by Casdrop.


Chatham.

CTP:64, 91, 136, Appeals Case 80, CT privateer schooner/boat, 10 men, Capt Joshua Griffith, afterwards by Capt David Brooks in 1778, credited with two prizes. It also made raids on Long Island. NR:252, LCP:40/41(Record 827), CTP:64, NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT boat, small arms and 10 men, Capt Joshua Griffith, Nov 1782.


Chatham.

NLHS:I:IV:7, 27, privateer CT sloop, Capt William Havens.


Chatham.

Kaminkow:221, Mill:211, R81II:259, PA Navy ship, taken June 1781, crew sent to Mill Prison.


Chatham.

NR:252, LCP:40/41(Record 762), NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT ship, 16 guns, 35 men, Capt Joseph Smith, Jan 1781. C138.


Chatham.

M880:4, sloop, Capt Edward Langford, used in support of Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Chatham.

M880:4, sloop, Capt William Ward, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.


Chaulkly.

British ship captured 2 Apr 1777, by the Massachusetts, Capt John Fisk, and the Tyrannicide, Capt Jonathan Haraden, in waters of the British Isles.


La Chavigny.

ND10:984, 985, French vessel, Capt Etienne Fourneau, at Nantes, 10 Nov 1777.

Selby:175, French vessel which took a cargo from France to the West Indies, designated for VA from James Gruel et Cie, 1777.


Chelsey.

ND4:492, 506, schooner, 40 tons, taken into war service by US, Mar 1776, Norwich Landing.


Chèrie, 8 guns, 35 men.

SchV:61, French armed merchantman, 8 guns, 35 men, captured in the West Indies in 1779 by the squadron of Admiral Parker.


Cherokee.

ND7:155, British armed vessel, Lt John Fergusson, captured by American Hope, 14 Nov 1776.


Cherokee.

ND11:130, American schooner, Capt Thomas Case, captured by British schooner Surprise, Capt William Garnett, condemned 4 Dec 1777.


Cherry.

ND1:1087, sloop, Capt Amos Monson, on a return from West Indies with sugar and molasses, taken into Boston by the British Rose, where he sold his cargo to the British Army, Aug 1775.


Chesapeake, 30 guns, crew of 300.

Dandridge:299, frigate captured by the British and crew taken to prison ships in New York.


Chester.

ND10:950-51, British sloop, Capt William Bray, captured by American Experiment, Fair American, condemned 14 Jul 1777.


Chester.

ND9:237, 287, British sloop, Capt James Woodhouse, captured by American General Washington, 1777.


Chester.

ND3:1296, ND4:1376, American ship, Capt David Ridley, from Cadiz, captured in 14 Apr 1776 by the British Viper, Capt Samuel Graves. (ND11:124 shows this ship condemned at Antigua 12 Mar 1776.)


Chester.

Coggins:106, ND10:78, 749, Eller:251-252, ND7:344, ND8:123, ND11:10, 23, 348, 441, MD Navy galley, Capts Thomas Coursey, Thomas Conway, built in 1777 in Kent County, sold 15 Mar 1780.


Chester.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:15 (2 Dall. 41), owners of the sloop vs the owners of the brig Experiment. The sloop Chester was built in America but had been purchased by Amsterdam, Holland, merchants in 1776. It was captured by two American privateers, Fair American, and Experiment. The case lasted about 10 years before the Dutch were satisfied. Ford1779:1406, Ford1783:815, capture. JA7:288, 289, Dutch sloop.


Chetsworth.

ND3:38, 1334, American snow, Capt Campbell, captured 5 Dec 1775 by H. M. sloop Viper in West Indies.


Chevalier d’Aumoure.

C291, MD brigantine, 10 guns, 20 men, Capt J. Soujeau, May 1782.


Chevalier de La Luzerne.

NR:253, LCP:42/43, LM PA cutter, 14 guns, 85 men, Capt John Parks, Oct 1779.


Chevalier de La Luzerne.

NR:253, LCP:42/43, LM PA ship, 18 guns, 75 men, Capt Thomas Bell, Oct 1779. JA10:413.


Chevreuil.

Villiers:300, French vessel, escorted convoy from Ile d’Aix to Martinique, 1780.


Chevreuil.

SchV:62, French privateer, 10/20 guns 116 men, captured in 1780 in the Channel by the Monsieur, Capt C. Phipps


*Chevreuil.

Villiers:300, escorted convoy from Ile d'Aix to Martinique, 1780.


Chichester.

ND6:452, probably a British vessel, condemned 21 June 1776.


Child.

ND7:809, ship, probably British, captured by Americans (Rebels) 27 Dec 1776.


Chimère.

Ford1778:737, 812, NR:80, 89, 142, DaviesXVII:248, Comm:85-87, French frigate, 26 to 36 guns, in d’Estaing’s fleet in the West Indies and at Savannah, Sep 1779, crew listed. Comm:85-87, in d’Estaing’s fleet, 1779, Capt St Cezair, at Grenada, 1779. Lawrence:81, 130, 161, at Savannah, Sep 1779. Chevalier:111, from Toulon, departed for America in Oct 1778 and arrived at Philadelphia.


Choptank/Choptank Frigate.

ND2:65, 394, Capt Thomas Coward in 1775 at Oxford, MD. R77:108, DaviesXI:87, British frigate, Pensacola to Grenada, Capt Lenox, taken in 1777.


Choptank.

ND10:656, ND9:943, ship Capt Benjamin Carpenter, recaptured by the Brune, condemned, 3 Nov 1777. ND9:943, at the time of recapture, Capt Benjamin Gardner.


Christian.

ND2:1309, British sloop, with wheat, VA to Scotland, captured by Capt William Barron of VA, Nov/Dec 1775. ND3:118, 197, 309, probably the sloop, Capt Avery.


Christian.

ND4:172, British brig, Capt John Alexander, captured in Savannah harbor, but liberated 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley and Major Grant.


Christian.

Force:5:III:1527, British vessel, seized when landed, 1776. ND7:809, possibly the ship, Capt Le Sized, from Hayfield, captured by Americans (rebels) 27 Dec 1776..


Christian.

R77:406, ND9:294, 538, British brigantine, Capt Dourich/Daniel Darragh, belonging to St Vincent’s, captured by Sturdy Beggar, 1777.


Christian.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Danett, West Indies to Ireland, 1777.


Christian.

RM9:781, British sloop, captured by the Hague, sold in St. Pierre, Martinique, by Joseph Diant, Dec 1782.


Christiana.

McM:365, British brig, prize of NH vessel, 1782.


Christianna.

ND4:227, brigantine, Capt Joseph Hinson, of Danish St Thomas, captured and required to warehouse his goods in the Bahamas, Mar 1776.


Christiana.

ND10:730n, PA privateer sloop, Capt Joseph White, captured by British privateer Reprisal, 15 Sep 1777. ND11:129 shows the capturer to be the sloop Ranger, Capt Stephen Phillips, condemned 21 Aug 1777 at Antigua.


Christiana.

RM8:191, brigantine which moved (General Nathaniel Greene’s) troops from Charleston to Philadelphia in May 1783, owner William Corlis, paid 17 June 1783.


Christie/Christy.

ND1:1367, 1378, ND4:172, Searcy:31, British brig, 110 tons, 12 men, Capt Andrew Lee, from Glasgow, captured at Savannah but liberated 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley and Major Grant.


Christie.

ND4:172, British brig, Capt George Craik, from Aberdeen, captured in Savannah harbor, but liberated 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley and Major Grant.


Christie.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Hall, captured 1777. ND4:960, 1051, possibly the transport mentioned in mid 1776.


Christine.

CC:M247, R110, #83, Dutch vessel from Amsterdam which moved a shipment of military supplies to America from Cadiz in Jan 1778.


Christopher.

ND1:779, ship, Capt E. Edwards, arrived at Philadelphia, 19 Jun 1775.


Christy.

ND4:703, American snow, captured by crew, turned over to Lt William Grant of HM schooner St. John of St Augustine, FL, 6 Apr 1776.


Cibelle.

RM2:142, Comm:199-204, French transport arriving at Boston in Sep 1781 with the treasure ship Resolue, the transport loaded with clothing and supplies, crew listed. This transport was later stranded in Boston. It had formerly been a 50 gun warship. RM4:442-443, Robert Morris tried to get her in shape to send back to France. Rice:I:118, transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, later in the West Indies.


Cicely.

ND1:1363, 1375, ??? ship, 120 tons, 12 men, Capt Martin Mulloway, active in 1775, Annapolis to Bristol with wheat and flour, then back to Annapolis. It is possible this ship was American.


Cicero.

Maclay:163-165, Paine:455, letter of marque, 300 tons, 20 guns, and 120 men from Beverly, Capt Hugh Hill, assisted prisoner with escape from Mill Prison in 1781. Allen:88, 99, 249, MA privateer ship operating in waters of British Isles in Jan 1781 under Hugh Hill and later in 1782 under Anthony Diver. Klotz:57-61, accidently fired into a Spanish vessel in 1778 off the coast of Asturias.


Cidada de Mercia.

R80I:345, Spanish merchant ship taken by the British, Jan 1780.


Citoyen.

JA8:359, Comm:199-204, French ship of the line, 74 guns, on the way to America in 1779. In 1780 it was in the West Indies and later in the de Grasse fleet. It was at Martinique, Chesapeake Bay, and at Les Saintes, and in Dec 1782 was at Boston to move the Expeditionary Force to Puerto Cabello, Venezuela. Bouvet:104, Acomb:276, departed Boston, Dec 1782 for Puerto Cabello, with part of the Saintonge Regt..


City of Brussels.

FW3:763, Dutch vessel owned by merchants of Brussels, Capt Peter Voughen, 500 tons, sailed for St. Eustatius in Jun 1780 but went aground on the way out of the basin at Brussels


Civil Usage.

OC:250, 251, 252n, privateer, 14 guns, 12 swivels, 75 men, at Port Gelot (Bilboa) in Spain in 1777. Kaminkow:221, ND7:637, ND9:519, ND10:616, C286, Capt Andrew Giddings, captured by John 31 Dec 1776. Owner was Jonathan Jackson and Company. Allen:99, MA privateer brigantine under Capt Andrew Giddings 18 Sep 1776.


Civil Usage.

Allen:100, brigantine, 14 guns 12 swivels, 75 men, Capt John Smith 28 Mar 1778. Crewman records in MAS. Owners were Jackson Tracy and others of Newburyport. Captures incl: Nancy, Betsey, etc.


Civil Usage.

Allen:100, MA privateer schooner, 10 swivels, 20 men, Capt Anthony Diver, 7 Apr 1778. Paine:455, LCP:42/43, this may be the same LM Salem, MA, schooner, Capt Gregory Powers of Salem 13 Apr 1781 (Record 380), and Capt Peter Martin of Salem 20 Jul 1781 (Record 451). C214, members of crew to Mill Prison 21 Jul 1781. Owners were Thomas Simmons and Robert Brookhouse.


Civil Usage.

Kaminkow:221, American vessel, Capt Giddson, captured with crew members to British prison in Feb 1782. (No other record found for a vessel with this Captain. He may be confused with one of the above.)


Clairvoyant.

Rice:I:??? French cutter, 10/14 guns which helped move French troops from Boston to Venezuela in 1782/83. It is also shown as a frigate, 36 guns. At St-Domingue, Fall 1782, departing Boston, Dec 1782 for Puerto Cabello. Rice:I, Acomb:277, a cutter of 10/14 guns used as a transport for moving troops from Boston, 1782.


Clara.

American schooner, Capt William Card, captured 30 June 1777 by British Senegal.


Clara.

Beerman:229, frigate at Guarico in 1783.


Clarendon.

Mc:146, ND6:1101, ND11:464, CTP:152, British ship, Capt John Dennison/Deniston, Jamaica to Glasgow, 120 tons, captured 2 Oct 1776 by the Cabot, Capt Elisha Hinman, and sent to New London, CT.


Clarendon.

R77:406, . ND10:917, 963, ND11:1051, 1063, British Jamaicaman, Capt Crowley/Thomas Cowell, Jamaica to London, captured by American General Mercer, Fanny, 1777. It was renamed Hancock 8 Aug 1777.


Clarendon.

ND10:901, 963, British Jamaicaman, Capt Thomas Cowell, confiscated by French government but returned to owners.


Clarissa.

CTP;209, British sloop 40 tons, Capt Nathaniel Hubbard, captured Sep/Oct 1779 by CT sloop Revenge.


Clarissa.

ND3:931, 932, DaviesX:89v, vessel of RI, Capt Richard Bissell, c 1775/77. ND4:1193, ND9:715, ship of Newport, RI, mate John Read, and Capt John Dennis of another vessel, captured at GA by British Raven, early 1776, taken to Savannah. Searcy:57-58.


Clarissa.

R77:234, ND8:1059, American vessel, Capt Noah Miller, from St Eustatia, captured by British Mermaid, 1 Apr 1777.


Clementine.

ND1:168, British ship, Capt Dick Wier, London to Wilmington, NC, lost on the middle ground near the bar of the river, asking Committee of Safety of Wilmington for directions on disposal of cargo, Apr 1775.


Clementina.

McM:385, Hearn:35, British brigantine, Capt Air, prize of MD schooner Enterprise, June 1777. R77:108 shows Clementia, Capt John Rogers, Challeur Bay to West Indies, 1777.


Clementina.

ND4:1135, ship, at Philadelphia from Scotland, Capt Patrick Brown, arrived Oct 1775, apparently took a contract from the Cont. Congress.


Cleopatra.

ND5:1254, ND6:481, ND10:722, Newport, RI ship, Capt James Fitch, captured 21 Jun 1776 by the British Hawke.


Cléopatre.

LG:655, French vessel, scheduled for the second reinforcement for Admiral Suffren in India, 1782. Chevalier:465fn, active in 1783.


Cleora.

Allen:100, C101, ND11:613, MA schooner, 4 guns 14 men, under Capt Richard Ellingwood 9 Jun 1777, captured by British privateer brig Revenge, Capt Daniel Campbell, condemned in Grenada, Sep 1777. Owner was Thomas Adams of Boston.


Clerie.

NavChronI:474, French vessel from Marseilles, 8 guns, 35 men, captured by British in 1779.


Cleveland.

R77:406, Nd9:554, ND10:1205, 46, 66, British brig, 130 tons, Capt James/John Norman, London to Halifax, by the American Fancy, tried 10 Oct 1777, MA Middle District.


Clibborn.

ND1:1374, 1382, probably American ship, 200 tons, 14 men, Capt William Thomas, Annapolis to Milford with wheat and flour, 1775, then back from Hamburg in ballast. Made non-British declaration in Jul 1775.


Clifton.

R77:406, British vessel, Capt Obryan, Jamaica to Quebec, captured 1777.


Clifton.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Collins, Africa to West Indies, 300 slaves, captured 1777.


Clinton.

CTP:99, 153, British snow from Glasgow, captured in May 1779 by the CT ship General Putnam assisted by CT Hancock. C270.


Clinton.

Former French vessel Esperence, captured in 1780 by the British Pearl, and used in the British navy until it was sold in 1784.


Clinton.

ND6:987, 1034, American sloop, purchased to help obstruct the Hudson River at Fort Washington, Sep 1776.


Clinton.

McM:89-92, prize of MA vessel, 1779. Allen:200, MA snow of 8 guns, 20 men under Boston Capt Edward Davis, 19 Oct 1779, owners Daniel Sargent and others.


Clinton.

LCP:42/43, PA boat, Capt William Mariner/Mornyer. See Governor Clinton.


Clio.

C83, MD schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, Capt Charles Dashiell, active Oct 1782.


Clyde.

McPA:350, British brig, captured by PA Independence, 1780.


Clyde.

CTN:171, hulk of a former British vessel, converted into a New York Harbor prison ship.


Cockrain.

GM:???, apparently a French transport ship for troops to the West Indies.


Coeur.

R81I:300, French navy at RI in 1781.


Cogdill.

NR:253, LCP:44/45(Record 945), LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Stephen Tinker, Apr 1782.


Colbert.

ND8:451, French ship, 1777.


Cologne.

SchV:62, Clark:6fn, French privateer, 32 guns, 215 men, captured in 1781 in the North Sea by the British Berwick, Belle Poule.


Colhoun.

ND9:882, ship, Capt William Oliver, probably British, captured 1777.


Collection.

Kaminkow:221, C268, MA privateer, Capt Wyatt St. Barbe, captured before Jul 1779, with crew members to British prison.


Collector.

ND2:1348, ??? schooner, 50 tons, Capt Robert Knox, probably British, St Thomas to Roanoke with ballast, Jan 1775. (See next entry, as well, for possibly the same vessel on its return trip.)


Collector.

ND2:1355, ??? schooner, 50 tons, Capt Joseph Bagley, probably British, Jan 1775, Roanoke to St. Thomas, with plank and staves.


Collector.

ND1:373, 559-560, sloop, Capt Nicholas Webster, at Newport, RI, taken by a British warship Rose and sent to Boston for the British Army, with rumors the capture was a sham.


Colon/Cologn.

ND10:1103, Spanish frigate and packet vessel, Capt Manuel de Urcallo, sailed from Corona 2 Aug 1777. JA10:191.


Colonel Martin.

CTP:215, British privateer sloop, 90 tons, 10 guns captured off Hempsted Bay 27 Oct 1781 by the CT brigantine Sampson, sold at auction Nov or Dec 1781 at New London.


Colonel Parry/Perry.

Force:5:III:1523, ND7:628, American sloop, master William Gamble, Philadelphia to South Carolina, captured 1776 by British Orpheus and Daphne, some crew members exchanged Dec 1776. Ford1776:839.


Columbia.

RM8:881, Ford1787:216, a 210 ton ship, said to built in Scituate, MA, in 1773, wartime record not known, was the first ship in 1787 to get to the Pacific Northwest and take a load of furs across the Pacific to Canton in 1789, then continue on around the Cape of Good Hope to become the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe.


Columbia.

Allen:101, Paine:455, NR:253, LCP:46/47(Record 299), LM MA privateer ship of 12 guns and 30 men under Jonathan Greely of Boston 30 Oct 1780.


Columbia.

NR:254, LCP:46/47(Record 891), LM PA ship, 18 guns, 50 men, Capt William H. Sargeant, Jun 1781. R81II:259, American ship, taken by British in 1781.


Columbia.

Allen:101, ship of uncertain registry under Capt Newell took a rich prize into Guadeloup in Feb 1781.


Columbus, 20 guns, 240 men, 1775-1778.

GWA:700, ND2:647, 1235, ND3:208, 1322, SchV:56, Smith:11, 45, ND11:463, 803, 817, Ford1775:443, Ford 1776:407, 542, 861, 939, CTN:11, Continental Navy ship, formerly the ship Sally, in the New Providence Expedition, 1776, Capt Abraham Whipple, 20 guns, 160 seamen and 63 Marines. ND4:1159, helped attack the HMS Glasgow. C132, ND7:17, Capt Hoysted Hacker and Capt Joseph Olney in 1777. ND6:1303, ND7:1319, 1329, ND8:808, ND9:730, Emmons:2, 40/41, Howard:63, in 1778 it was said to have been driven ashore at Point Judith and burned. Captures included Hester, Lord Lifford, Bee, Royal Exchange. JA6:142, 277.


Columbus.

NR:254, LCP:46/47, McM:393, LM MD brigantine, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Thomas Moore, Dec 1778, Capt Alexander Murray in Apr 1779. This vessel was owned by Samuel and Robert Purviance and others of Baltimore.

Columbus. ND8:957, ND11:704, ship, Capt Patrick Barry, 1777, apparently operating in the Mississippi River and set up to engage the British Atalanta, over the objections of Governor Gálvez.


Columbus.

Maclay:85, 115, privateer of 10 guns, war years. Capture:40, this may be the privateer under Abraham Whipple mounting 28 carriage guns. Manley:xxvii, possibly the brig with the Randolph in its 1778 encounter with the British Yarmouth.


Columbus.

Allen:101, vessel of 18 guns and 50 men, taken in Aug 1781 while enroute from Cadiz to Boston by the British Monk.


*El Comendador de Marsella,

small ship used by José de Evia in mapping the Gulf Coast from Cape San Blas in Florida to Tampico in Mexico.


Comercio.

Klotz:84-85, American vessel which apparently wrecked on the Spanish coast off San Lucar in 1786, but which was legally similar to wartime cases.


Comet.

DaviesXVII:267, British packet boat captured by Dec 1779, reported from Pensacola. ND4:369, this may be the British vessel called Comet Packet, mid 1776.


Comet.

McM:224, McMA:182, ND3:1003, British packet, Capt McDonough, Jamaica to London, captured by MA Pilgrim, 26 Aug 1781.


Comet.

ND3:1189, schooner, Scaraborough’s tender, probably American, chased by HMS Syren 5 Feb 1776.


Comet.

Coggins:103, Paullin:421, C247, ND3:1056, schooner, SC Navy, Capt George Gabriel Powell, Dec 1775, commissioned 30 Jan 1776.


Comet.

ND2:1225, 1298-1300, ND3:1326, ND4:674, ND6:749, ND8:929, ND9:39, ND10:786, ND11:558, 394, armed brigantine, probably the one from SC, active 1775. Fraser:77, Salley:5, ND7:81, and many other references, ND10:786, SC brigantine-of-war in 1776, 1777, Captains Edward Allen, Joseph Turpin, and James Pyne, captured by British Daphne 22 Dec 1777. C319. DaviesXI:167, XIV:196, American privateer, Capt Turpin, possibly from Charleston, 1777. Captures included George, Maria, St James, unnamed ship, another unnamed ship, and a snow.


Comet.

Coggins:100, PANavy:348, ND9:974, fire brig in PA Navy, 27 Sep 1777.


Comet.

NR:254-255, LCP:46/47, LM PA sloop 4 guns, 25 men, Capt Yelverton Taylor in Jun 1778, Capt Charles Harris in Sep 1778.


Comet.

NR:255, LCP:46/47, LM PA brigantine, 14 guns, 15 men, Capt John McCarthy, Dec 1780.


Comet.

Mill:140, Maclay:208, LCP:46/47, C173, LM PA sloop of 10 guns, 50 men, Capt Stephen Decatur, Sep 1779, Capt William Potts, Mar 1780, Capt John Kemp, May 1780, Capt Daniel Brown, Aug 1780, captured 8 vessels, 1780. Maclay:88, C8, 14, 36, privateer sloop of Philadelphia, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt Daniel Brown, taken Oct 1780, part of crew to Mill Prison in Jan 1781.


Comet.

Capture:19, armed schooner captured at false LaHave, N. S., 26 Apr 1781. Kaminkow:221, this may be the ship captured before Oct 1781.


Comet.

Allen:101, Paine:455, NR:255, LCP:46/47, LM MA schooner of 9 guns and 29 men, under Richard Elledge of Salem, operating 31 Mar 1781.


Comet.

Allen:101, Paine:455, NR:255, LCP:46/47, LM MA brigantine of 6 guns and 15 men, under Samuel Waters of Salem operating 23 Nov 1781.


Comet.

NR:255, LCP:46/47, LM MD or VA brigantine, 14 guns, 40 men, Capt William Thompson, Jan 1782.


Comet.

CTP:66, NLHS:I:IV:27, CT privateer sloop, 6 guns, Capt William Wattles, in action Mar 1782 when captured by the British. C328.


Comet.

Lawrence:50, probably one of the above.


Comfers Charlot.

M880:3, sloop, Capt Severan Johnson, supported Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Comfort.

ND1:883, ND2:1374, brig, Capt John Smith, bound for New London, CT, captured by British Kingfisher and sent to Boston, where the brig was chartered into British Army service, Jul 1775.


Le Comite.

FordXVIII:890, apparently a French schooner, loaded with goods for the state of VA from Penet, de Costa, Brothers & Company of Nantz, captured by British, then recaptured by an American vessel and taken into Providence, RI. Cont. Congress wanted all items assigned to VA to be forwarded there so they could be used by the army. JA8:346, 347, probably the ship mentioned in 1779.


Le Comte de Binulle.

Buel:318, French vessel trading with Americans in 1777,


Commerce.

ND2:1345, 1353, 1355, ??? brig, 70 tons, Capt Richard Kenyon, probably British, active 1775, Europe to Roanoke, and to West Indies with tar, pitch, and staves.


Commerce.

ND2:104, ??? sloop, probably British, active 1775.


Commerce.

ND2:673, ND3:404, brigantine, probably British, Capt Thomas Rice, arrives at Milfore, 21 Nov, 1775.


Commerce.

ND1:471, Hambro vessel, Capt Otto Paul Moller, working with William Lee of London, May 1775.


Commerce.

ND9:563, British ship, Capt M’Call, captured by U/I American privateer, 11 Aug 1777.


Commerce.

British schooner, Liverpool, Nova Scotia, to Barbados, with Fish, oil, and lumber, boarded 15 Nov 1782 by the MA privateer Grand Turk and burned.


Commerce.

Mc:58, RM9:819, British snow, captured in Sep 1782 by the Continental Alliance, Capt John Barry, and sent to L’Orient, France, where it was condemned and sold, account of Thomas Barclay.


Commerce.

Coggins:102-103, Paullin:410, sloop in SC Navy, Capt Clement Lempriere, at St. Augustine, FL, 8 Aug 1775 took the British brigantine Betsy. C185. Fowler:45, SC sloop, Capt Clement Lempriere, sent to get gunpowder in July 1775 for the province, ran afoul of the Royal Navy, and SC was first southern state to become engaged in sea hostilities. ND1:1091, probably the same sloop, Capt John Hatter, who boarded the Betsey, Capt Alvira Lofthouse, and took all the gunpowder.


Commerce.

ND5:1156, American sloop used by Nathaniel Shaw, Jr, of CT to supplement shipments of gunpowder from the West Indies.


Commerce.

ND9:475, ND10:981, American ship, Capt Samuel Williams, captured by British Alderney, 9 Jul 1777.


Commerce.

FordXII:973, 1057, brig owned by Scott, Irwine, and Cowper, successfully made a trip to Nantes, but on return encountered storms off NC coast and was damaged and blown to Bermuda, where the captain landed and the brig was unloaded and stripped, then taken over by British. Agents for the Secret Committee were Hewes and Smith.


Commerce.

NR:195, 199, ND5:1156, RM4:542, Continental sloop, engaged by Nathaniel Shaw, Jr, of New London to bring gunpowder from West Indies. Augur:85, possibly the powder cruiser under Capt Waterous. ND5:1231, sloop, CTP:6, Capt Waterman/Waterous, of New London, captured between Montserrat and St Eustatius, 15 Jun 1776 and taken to Antigua. It may have been set on fire after a chse by Sphynx. RM4:542, Robert Morris was trying to make final settlement in Apr 1782.


Commerce.

NR:256, LCP:46/47(Records 163, 301), LM PA sloop, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Francis Hodgson, Nov 1778. C258, probably the vessel captured by British, with crew members arriving at Forton Prison 18 Feb 1779.


Commerce.

NR:256, LCP:46/47(Record 208), LM PA ship, 12 guns, 35 men, Capt Paul Cox, Sep 1780. In 1782, Capt John Paul Jones was in command of a Philadelphia ship of 14 guns and 50 men which went to the West Indies.


Commerce.

Kaminkow:221, American vessel captured by Feb 1779, and crew members sent to British prison.


Commerce.

Allen:101, NR:256, LCP:46/47(Record 96), LM MA ship of 12 guns, 40 men, under Abraham Bartlett, operating 6 Jul 1780. Owners were Codman & Smith, merchants of Boston. The same ship may have been take out later 12 Sep 1781 by Abraham Bartlett of Boston, and possibly Thomas Truxton of PA in Nov 1782. Howe:407, 404, Maclay:87, ship of 14 guns, 50 men, in action, 1782. In June 1783, under Capt Thomas Truxton, this ship sailed for London, where it arrived early in July, to re-establish commercial relations.


Commerce.

Allen:101, Paine:455, LCP46/47(Record 262), LM Salem, MA, sloop of 80 tons, 6/10 guns, 25 men under John Baptist Millet 30 Aug 1780.


Commerce.

Allen:101, 102, NR:256, LCP:46/47(Record 1057), MA LM ship of 12 guns, 40 men under Ignatius Webber of Boston, operating 31 Oct and Nov 1780. This may be the same ship he took out in Jul 1782.


Commerce.

Allen:102, C316, MA ship of 200 tons, 14 guns, 50 men, under Stephen Webb in Jan 1781. Howe shows a ship of this name captured in 1781, Capt Stephen Webb, a few days out of port.


Commerce.

Allen:102, Paine:455, NR:257, LCP:46/47(Record 972), LM MA brigantine of 6 guns, 12 men, under Ephraim Emerson/Emerton of Salem 30 Aug 1782.


Committee.

Eller:46, merchant schooner from Nantes, France to any VA port, with arms, 1780.


Commodore Don Galvez.

NR:257, LCP:46, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns, 35 men, Capt Mathew Madan, Dec 1781. R82II:376, brig going to Cadiz captured by British, 1782.


Commodore’s Barge.

PANavy:346, in action until destroyed 21 Nov 1777.


Common Sense.

C177, MD brigantine, 10 guns, 20 men, Capt Francis Knox, active Apr 1782.


Compass.

SchV:58, French flute, 20 guns, 120 men, captured in August 1779 in the West Indies by the British Boreas, Capt C. Thompson. The Compass was headed from Martinique to Europe with produce and 200 invalids. It exploded after capture and many were killed or injured.


Complase.

R80II:285, French armed naval ship at RI, 1780.


Comte d’Artois, 24 guns 190 men.

SchV:61, privateer, captured in the Channel in 1779 by the Shrewsbury.


Comte d’Artois.

SchV:62, French privateer, 64 guns, 644 men, captured in 1780 off Ireland by the British Bienfaisant. RM8:861, 875, French-built vessel of 600 tons, 64 guns, 644 men, built for East India trade, considered suitable for the Far Eastern trade in mid 1783. It was captured as a privater in the Irish Sea on 13 Aug 1780 by the British Bienfaisant,


Charon.

It was sold in France in 1785, then resold in New York.


Compte d’Estaing.

ND9:136, 156, 183, MA Navy brig, Capt Richard James, captured by British Amazon, Juno, 24 Oct 1777.


Comte de Estaing.

M&S:289, French vessel in service in 1783, sailed to America in 1783, with Beaumarchais accounts, Capt Le Vaigneur, who had just been released from British prison.


Comte de Grasse.

R82II:274, American galley, taken by the British, 1782.


Comte de Maurepas.

ND8:521, 642, French ship, formerly St John, offered to Americans for purchase, 1777, and it was purchased.


Comte de Menouj.

LG605-606, a French vessel of 10 guns, formerly the Coursier, in the fleet in 1776, but wartime services not known.


Comte de Sabran.

M&S:230, 244-45, Beaumarchais vessel which made the 1779 trip from Nantes to America but was caught up in the Siege of Savannah and commandered by Capt. de Grasse to help move troops back to the West Indies; however, it was wrecked off Charleston in 1779.


Comte de Veaux.

DaviesXV:72, French ship, 24 guns, Capt Viscomte de Sabeau, taken by British out of Chesapeake Bay, Mar 1778.


Comte de Vergennes.

ND8:586, 665, 732, GM:310, French ship of the Rodrique Hortiz fleet moving supplies to America and West Indies, purchased by Americans, renamed Thérese, 1777.


La Comtesse Denery.

NR:366, LCP:148/149, LM MD brig 8 guns, 25 men, Capt Pierre Adelon, Jun 1778.


Comtesse de Noailles.

Rice:I:118n, French war transport with Count Rochambeau in the French Expeditionary Force in 1780 and 1781.


La Concepción.

C&C:104, Spanish polacre, 25 men, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


La Concepción.

A2:VII:11, Spanish schooner, possibly in New Orleans in 1777. C&C:104, Spanish schooner, 5 men, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Concepción.

SchIV:358, Spanish warship, 90 guns, at Cadiz in Nov 1780.


Concepcione.

R80I:345, Spanish merchant ship taken by the British, Jan 1780.


Concepción.

C&C:94, Spanish galley used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Concepción de Ferrer.

C&C:95, Spanish brigantine used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


Conclusion.

Allen:102, NR:257, LM MA schooner of 2 guns, 25 men, under William Coles of Beverly 11 Mar 1783.


Conclusion.

ND1:1362, ND3:1369, 1384, brig, 90 tons, 7 men, Annapolis to Bilboa with 950 barrels of flour in Jan 1775; then later Guadaloupe to Baltimore, Capt Joseph Newman, cargo consigned to S. & R. Purviance, 9 Aug 1775.


Concord.

ND2:1245, 1283, 1284, GWNavy:231, Mc:282-283, ND3:835, Hearn:99, 101, ND5:575, British ship, 300 tons, from Clyde, Scotland, Capt James Lowrie/Laurin/Laurie, captured 3 Dec 1775 by the American Lee, Capt John Manley, and sent to Marblehead, MA, Admiralty case in Mar 1776.


Concord.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Mason, New York to the West Indies, captured, 1777.


Concord/Concorde.

ND4:82, 347, 1175, ND5:1156-57, ??? ship, Capt L. James, probably British, active mid 1776, captured by Washington’s fleet, 20 Apr 1776.


Concord.

ND6:1194, British ship, captured Hancock, with an assist from Nancy, Jenny, 10 Oct 1776.


Concord.

ND8:573, 650, French ship, Capt Harris, put to sea 7 Mar 1777.


Concord/Concorde.

ND2:712, ship, Capt Joseph Smith, 200 tons, arrived at Dunkirk with cargo of caskwood and iron, Sep 1775.


Concord.

Howe:330fn, ship, 150 tons, prize, sold at auction in Beverly, May 1776.


Concord.

DaviesX:312, 1355, American ship, c 1775/76.


Concord.

Allen:102, MA privateer under Job Prince, Jr, operated in 1778.


Concord.

NR:257, LCP:46/47, LM MD sloop, 6 guns, 22 men, Capt Robert Brisson, Jun 1778.


Concord.

NR:257, LCP:46/47, LM PA schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt John Souder, Feb 1779, Capt Matthew Strong, Oct 1779, Capt Daniel Ridge, Mar 1780.


Concord.

JA7:223, 230, an alleged American privateer, 1779, not readily identified as one of the above.


Concorde.

Eller:489, 497, 500-02, Comm:85-87, 125-127French dispatch frigate, sent with plans for Rochambeau to work with Washington and de Grasse. SchV:59, 36 guns, 300 men, captured in 1783 in the West Indies by the British Magnificent, Prudent, St Albans.


Concorde.

M&S:111, GM:310, Beaumarchais vessel, purchased by Pelletier in Nantes in Feb 1778, with Jonathan Williams and Silas Deane involved. She was at sea in Mar 1778 for Beaumarchais, but her disposition is not known.


Concorde/Viper.

Capture:19, brigantine, master George Gyet/McGuire, captured before 29 June 1782.


Concord.

Allen:102, Paine:455, MA privateer, 10 guns, 25 men under Ephraim Emerton in Nov 1782.


Concordia.

ND4:1131, Dutch ship, with gunpowder for Bordeaux, Capt Ysbrand Pieter Prevoort, May 1776, Vergennes asked to turn it back.


Concordia.

Beerman:193, French frigate at Guarico in 1781.


Conde Arande/Conde de Aranda.

R77:406, ND9:173-74, British brigantine, Capt Wakeham/Thomas Wakehouse, St Johns to West Indies, captured by American Fanny, 10 Jul 1777.


El Conde de Aranda.

C&C:95, 103, Spanish polacre, 12 men, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


El Conde de Aranda.

A2:X:56, 64, probably in New Orleans in 1780. C&C:104, packetboat, 16 men, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


El Conde de Grenada.

A2:X:62, Spanish packet boat, probably in New Orleans in 1780.


Confederacy. ND5:770, probably the American vessel mentioned below, mid 1776. The Cabot received goods via this vessel.


Confederacy, 32 guns, 1779-1781.

GWA:702, Maclay:206, Buel:88, 89, 94, Smith:252-253, Mill:211, CTP:260, 262, 320, CTRec:601, ND8:574, ND9:222, ND10:202, ND11:409, 789, 843, Ford1778:951, built at Norwich, CT, Continental frigate of 32 guns which took John Jay to Martinique, 1779, then returned to Philadelphia in 1780, captured in Mar-Apr 1781 and most of crew sent to the old Jersey, but part of crew sent to Mill Prison. Howard:145, the Confederacy under Capt Seth Harding was captured on 14 April 1781 off the Capes of Virginia (Delaware Capes) with a crew of 300 men by the British Orpheus, Roebuck.. It was escorting a fleet of 37 merchantmen, most of which escaped. Greenwood:95, the Confederacy became part of the British navy under the name Confederate. She was sold and broken up about 1783. Kaminkow:221, suggests two ships of this Confederacy name, with captures of 14 Apr 1781, Capt Seth Harding, and possibly the court case, Feb 1782. Alternatively, this could be different dates crew members arrived at British prisons. Emmons:2 shows the capture in 1781. C:139, 223, some crew members arrived at Forton Prison 9 Aug 1781. FordXXI:899, Capt Nicholson was appointed Captain on 20 Oct 1780. JA7:280, 8:29, 9:52, and many others. CTN:50, 54, 213, 221. LCAR:Item 560, “William Bingham,” several letters concerning the Confederacy, 1780.


Conference.

R80I:359, French armed ship from Grenada, Capt Jean Baptist Hamin, captured in 1779 by British.


La Conference.

DaviesXVI:393, Prussian ship taken by the British to Jamaica, before Aug 1780.


Conflagration.

SchV:40, British fire ship, Capt J. Duncan, burned in 1781 in America.


The Congress.

ND4:189, large mortar which burst on being fired, May 1776. It had been captured in the British ordnance brig by Capt Manly. (It was not a vessel.)


Congress.

ND4:234, ND5:170, 397, 1051, 1125, ND6:459, Cont. Navy ship, Capt Christopher Miller, under construction in 1776. This may be the frigate listed below. C208.


Congress, 28 guns, 1777.

GWA:701, Greenwood:xxvii, Howard:62, Coggins:203,Buel:313, ND7:304, ND8:987, ND9:334, ND10:47, Continental frigate, Capt Thomas Grinnell, destroyed in the Hudson/North River to prevent its capture by the British in June 1777. C129. ND11:835, this may have been the frigate, pierced for 36 guns, which was burned.


Congress.

ND10:969, American privateer cutter, 29 Sep 1777, captured the British Rebecca.


Congress, 8/10 guns.

Smith:29-30, Smithsonian4651, Continental galley in Lake Champlain fleet in June 1776, Capt John Craige, destroyed there, 13 Oct 1776. C77. ND6:96, 1389, ND7:123, ND9:50, Benedict Arnold shown as overall commander.


Congress.

ND4:1273, sloop, captured by unknown vessel and taken into Norfolk, 26 Apr 1776. Ford1776:250, 423, 861, 958, and Ford1777:188,


Congress.

ND5:1239, brig belonging to Clark and Nightingale of Providence, RI, in Jul 1776 moving military stores.


Congress.

C28, VA sloop, flagship of John Thomas Boucher, Commodore of the Potomac fleet from Jun to Nov 1776. One vessel was renamed Scourge.


Congress, 1 gun.

PANavy:338, Maclay:76, ND5:857, ND6:6, ND7:634, ND8:429, gunboat and PA river galley, Aug 1775 and 1776. ND3:1322, ND4:755, 1366, R76I:364, ND5:592, Capt John Hamilton/Hambilton in Jul-Aug 1776, Capt Isaac Roach in 1776-77. C259. Built by Emanuel Eyres.


Congress.

NR:258, LCP:46/47, ND4:1273, LM PA sloop, 6 guns, 45 men, Capt George McElroy/McAroy/Mascardy, Apr 1776. ND7:1086, 1105, Capt William Greenway, Oct 1776. ND5:592, 882, ND6:1155, also granted LM in 1776, Capt John Craig. Capt George McElroy led in capturing the Jamaican Juno in Jun 1776. Captured Brittania, Dispatch, Dragon, Richmond. C129, 198, 202. JA5:35.


Congress.

ND9:566, sloop, Capt James Bedout, 1777.


Congress.

Dandridge:186, ND7:22, ND8:174, ND10:628, ND11:540, trading sloop in VA Navy, Capt William Skinner, Nov 1776, 1778, formerly American Congress.


Congress.

Coggins:103, galley in SC Navy.


Congress.

Allen:102, ND11:435, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt John Martin 24 Oct 1777. Owners were John Farrey and Henry Newhall of Boston.


Congress.

Coggins:106, Paullin:461, GA Navy galley built in 1777, at Savannah Mar 1779, and captured in Mar 1779 after an engagement with the British galley Comet.


Congress.

Cutler:44, 397, ship of SC whose prize was captured in 1777.


Congress.

ND11:842-843, RI privateer, Capt James Adamson, who was also owner, 8 swivel guns, 20 men, seeking LM status Mar 1778.


Congress.

ND8:758, American ship, Capt Watson, from Charleston, at Dunkirk, France, Apr 1777.


Congress.

Allen:102-103, ND10:593, MA privateer schooner, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt Ephraim Emerton 19 Dec 1777, then under Samuel Hobbs in Jul 1778. Owners were E. H. Derby, John Gardner, and Nathan Goodale of Salem.


Congress.

Allen:103, MA privateer schooner with swivel guns and 15 men under Jabez West 18 Jul 1778. Owners were Ebenezer Dorr and Henry Bass.


Congress.

Allen:103, MA privateer schooner with 6 guns, 8 swivels, and 40 men under John Guliker operating 30 Jul 1778. Owners were William Mackay and others.


Congress.

Allen:103, MA privateer schooner of 4 guns and 12 men under Abraham Bartlett operating 3 Nov 1778. Owners were John Hinkley and others.


Congress.

DaviesXVI:392, 673, American galley captured at Abercorn, GA, 16 Apr 1779, by the British galley Thunderer, with aid from the Greenwich and other vessels. This may be the galley said captured after an engagement near Yamasee Bluff, near Savanna, in March 1779, with British forces including the galley Comet.


Congress,

Allen:104, Paine:455, NR:258, LCP:46/47(Record 430), LM MA privateer ship with 20 guns and 150 men under Capt David Ropes of Salem was captured by British frigate Bird and taken to St Johns in Jul 1781.


Congress.

Allen:104, NR:259, LCP:46/47(Record 365), LM MA privateer brigantine with 6 guns, 14 men, under Seth Clark of Salisbury, operated 6 June 1781.


Congress.

NR:258, LCP:46/47, LM PA ship, 24 guns, 200 men, Capt George Geddes, May 1781. C119, 120, on 6 Sep 1781, he captured the 16 gun British sloop of war Savage, then the British captured the Congress, renamed her the Dutchess of Cumberland, and wrecked and lost her off Newfoundland with all aboard.


Congress.

Maclay:125, 211-213, privateer from Beverly, MA, captured by British and renamed and used, Jun 1781.


Congress.

RM7:265, made trips to Europe in late 1782


Congress’s Delight.

ND11:881, American privateer, 22 guns, Capt Ward, engaged in Jan 1778 by HMS Panther, but escaped.


Connecticut, 3 guns.

Smith:29-30, Smithsonian4651, ND7:123, ND9:50, Capt Grant, gondola in Lake Champlain fleet in Oct 1776, destroyed there, along with the Boston, New haven, Providence, New York, Spitfire,77 Philadelphia.


Connecticut.

CTRec:604, NLHS:I:IV:27, CT privateer sloop, 8 guns 25 men, Capt C. Tucker.


Connecticut.

CTN:204, Cont. Navy ship, 24 guns, built at East Middletown, CT, not further identified.


Connection.

Force:5:III:1525, ND7:483, 985, American schooner, Benjamin Jones, master, Boston to Baltimore, captured 13 Dec 1776 by British Perseus, some crewmen exchanged in Jan 1777 at Rhode Island.


Connolly.

ND3:23, brigantine, Capt Dickson, working with Willing, Morris, & Company, with wheat, mentioned Dec 1775.


Conquérant.

ND11:987-90, JA8:359, French Navy ship of the line, 74 guns, Capt Chevalier de Monteil, in d’Estaing’s Squadron to America, 1778, back to America in 1780. Comm:239, 243, crew listed. Served at Chesapeake Bay, and at Les Saintes.


Conquerant.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:5:42, FordXIII:15, Ford1779:150, the sloop of the NC case, Pillas the claimant vs William Gibbs, David Bates, and others, appealed to Cont. Congress Feb 1779.


Conquerant.

Allen:104, NR:259, LCP:48/49(Record 72), LM MA privateer, 20 men with small arms, under Jeremiah Cushing of Boston, operated 7 Aug 1782.


Conqueror.

ND9:974, galley, Capt Isaac Roach, PA row galley, 1777.


Conquéreur.

R80I:352, French ship from Marseilles captured in Dec 1779.


Conqueror.

Coggins:106, Paullin:442, Eller:248-51, ND7:1046, ND8:336, ND10:766, ND11:236n, MD galley, built in 1776 at West River, active Feb 1777, Capt John David, sold 15 Mar 1780. C83.


Conqueror of Madrid.

C181, MD brigantine, 8 guns 25 men, Capt J. Latreyte, Oct 1782.


Conrad.

C258, PA schooner, 4 guns 20 men, Capt Daniel Ridge, Mar 1780.


Consolante.

ND:11:960, 962, French Navy frigate, 38 guns, Capt La Motte Vauvert, active in 1778. LG:655, designated for India service and to reinforce Admiral Suffren in 1782.


Constance.

ND4:32, sloop from St Eustatius, Capt John Dantey, carried into St Christophers by HM sloop Lynx, Capt Alexander Scott, Dec 1775, condemned 2 Jan 1776.


Constance.

ND6:385, French ship, Capt Foligny, from Nantes, boarded by British from frigates, 16 Feb 1776 or May 1776. JA7:136, 343, French merchant ship, possibly different from this one, mentioned 1779.


Constant.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Betsey, Leeward Islands to Halifax, with rum, 1777.


Constant.

Allen:104, MAship of 10 guns, 30 men, under Ichabod Groves/J. Groves, operating in 1780.


Constant.

Allen:104, NR:259, LCP:48/49(Record 72), LM MA privateer brigantine of 4 guns, 12 men, under Cornelius Fellows of Boston, in operation Apr 1782.


Constant Friend.

ND9:415, American brig, Capt Benjamin Evans, captured by British Boyne, 12 June 777. It is believed this is a duplication of the next entry.


Constant Friend.

ND9:386, American brigantine, Capt Benjamin Evans, captured by British Albion, 9 June 1777.


Constantino Marzo.

A2:IX:28, probably a Spanish vessel in New Orleans in 1779.


Constitution.

Salley:33, ND6:1256, ND7:874, SC schooner to be sold after 31 Dec 1776 under direction of the SC Commissioners of the Navy.


Content.

Force:5:III:1527, ND4:903, 1050, ND7:1023, British transport, Capt John Taylor, from London, 300 tons, captured by Warren, Jan 1777, purchased and renamed Union.


Content.

R76II:343, British vessel, Capt Bagwell, from Exeter to Vigo, captured 1776.


Content.

DaviesXII:235, ND6:1040, American sloop, Capt Meredith, 1776, delivered money from Carter Baxter of VA to Isaac Gouverneur of Curaçao.


Content.

ND1:455, ship, Capt Medforth, a second ship for John Hobson of London to Stephen West of Patuxent, MD, Apr 1775.


Content.

Howe:407, ship owned by Nathan Leach of Beverly sold to the state 21 Feb 1777.


Content.

R77:232, ND7:1047, ND8:1056, American ship, Capt Samuel Gale, from Marblehead, captured by British Preston, 27 Jan 1777.


Content.

ND7:956, possibly an American vessel, assigned men to lake duty, 1 Apr 1777.


Contrast.

ND2:1360, ??? schooner, 28 tons, Capt Christopher Miller, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to Antigua.


Convention.

PANavy:347, ND6:1311, ND7:52, ND8:476, ND9:974, ND10:568, 648, PA Navy row galley built Dec 1776, Capt John Rice in 1777.


Convention.

Coggins:100, CTP:118, brigantine in PA Navy, 1777, fitted out as a privateer in 1778, then sold 11 Dec 1778. NR:259, LCP:48/49(Record 1038), LM, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt William Allen, Jun 1779.


Convert/Loyal Convert.

American gundalow used in the St Lawrence River in June 1776 until it was captured by the British. It was taken apart and moved to Lake Champlaign where it was used against the Americans in the fall of 1776.


Conway.

Howard:4, prewar snow engaged in West Indies trade, commanded by Capt Seth Harding.


Conway.

ND2:1355, ND4:1030, ??? ship, 150 tons, Capt George Knight, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to Jamaica, shingles and staves.


Cool & Easy.

C313, MD schooner, 10 guns, 35 men, Capt C. Tompkins, Oct, 1782.


Cooper/Tonnelier.

ND9:826, 972, French sloop, Capt Moses Gombauld, captured by Hague, 28 Aug 1777.


Coquette.

SchV:59, French vessel, 28 guns, 200 men, captured 2 Mar 1783 by the British Resistance, Capt J. King, off Turks Island in the West Indies. It survived the war and was in service in 1785.


El Corázon de Jesús.

C&C:91, Spanish frigate transport ship, 1 gun, 24 men, which may have moved soldiers in 1781 to the Battle of Pensacola.


Cormorant.

SchV:44, British vessel, 16 guns, Capt Rd.M’Evoy, captured in 1781 by the French off Charleston. Dandridge:187, VANavy:161, Ford1783:444n, Capt James Maxwell, taken from the British by the French and sold to the VA Navy. The vessel was used during the Yorktown operations as a transport, then was prepared in 1782 for protecting the Chesapeake. There is some indication this vessel was also known as the Rattlesnake was captured by the British Assurance in ?1782 on the American coast, taken back into the Royal Navy as the Cormarrant of 14 guns.


Cormorant.

NR:259, LCP:50/51(Record 24), LM NH brigantine, 6 guns 15 men, Capt John Perkins, Dec 1781.


Cornelia.

CTP:213, British brig, Capt William Adams, from Dublin with British provisiohs, captured 1 Jun 1780 by CT sloop Sally, Capt Warner, and the CT Bunker Hill. The Cornelia was sold at auction in June.


Cornelia.

CTP:215, British privateer brig, Capt Smith, 12 guns, Jamaica to New York, rum and sugar, captured 19 Jun 1781 by CT schooner Sampson.


Cornelia.

ND4:1517, NY sloop, Capt Robert Sands, captured 29 Dec 1775 near Jamaica by British Squirrel, Capt Stair Douglas.


Cornelia.

ND3:831, captured by Antelope at Port Royal, Jan 1776.


Cornelia.

NR:269, LCP:50/51(Record 1063), LM PA sloop, 4 guns, 16 men, Capt John Tanner, Oct 1780.


Cornelia & Molly.

R77:231, ND6:1354, ND7:129, ND8:1053, American merchant ship/brigantine in West Indies trade, Capt John Lockhart, from Martinique, captured by British Daphne in 28 Mar 1777,


Cornell.

DaviesXV:46, Congress brig, 16 guns, taken to Pensacola, by British Daphne, Feb 1778.


Cornet.

Maclay:74, PA privateer brig of 24 guns in action off St. Kitts, 1776. ND3:309, 644, 645, Capt John Harris.


Cornet.

ND5:327, brigantine, Capt Joseph Turpin, SC Navy brigantine struck by lightning 31 May 1776.


Cornet.

VANavy:164, privateer brigantine of 14 carriage guns and 40 men, Capt William Thompson, 1782.


Cornet.

McM:102, CT privateer, 1782.


Cornwall.

R77:406, ND9:538, British vessel, Capt Hardcastle, Antigua to London, captured by American Sturdy Beggar, 1 June 1777.


Cornwall.

SchV:48, British warship, 74 guns, Capt T. Edwards, sunk at St Lucia in 1780, being unserviceable. Some records show she was burned.


Cornwall.

Allen:104, Howe:407, ND8:715, possibly under Capt Bruce in 1777, Beverly, MA, ship of 200 tons, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt John Edmonds, LM 14 Jan 1778. Owner was Mark Lafitte of Salem.


Cornwallis.

Greenwood:95, schooner, 5 guns, taken by the British in 1778 and put in the British navy.


Cornwallis.

SchV:51, British armed ship, 14 guns, Capt Appleby, foundered in 1782 on her passage from Jamaica, crew perished.


Cornwallis.

?????? French brig in use in Nov 1781.


Cornwallis.

SchIV:355, Spanish vessel, 10 guns, Capt An. Vateyabel, in Great Expedition to America, Apr 1780.


Cornwallis Galley.

British vessel, captured Jan 1781 by PA privateer brigantine, Ariel, then released.


Corrector.

ND9:865, American privateer ship, 20 guns, 160 seamen, operated out of Cape François for 10 months, taking several prizes, 1777.


Correo de Canarias.

Klotz:42, Spanish packet boat captured by English in 1779, just prior to the attempted invasion of England.


Cortés.

Beerman:58, Spanish mail frigate from Havana, 1779.


Cossack.

British brig, Alicante to St Johns, Newfoundland, boarded 17 Oct 1782 by the MA privateer Grand Turk and ordered to the United States.


Cotesworth-Pinckney.

ND8:1033, ND9:160, ND10:534, SC privateer ship, sailed 27 Apr 1777, Capt Latham/William Rankin, captured by British cruisers and converted into an East Florida privateer.


Cotter.

NLHS:I:IV:14, 27, British vessel, captured 1779 and fitted to become a CT vessel, no other info.


Coulchester.

Allen:104-105, privateer brig of uncertain registry under Capt Coulchester, took 3 prizes in 1777.


Count d/Artois.

Barnes:xxx, it appears this ship changed its name Jul/Aug 1782 to the Queen of France.


Count D’Estaing.

ND7:606, brig, formerly Isabella, active, renamed, 27 Dec 1776.


Count D’Estaing.

Howe:407, NR:261, LCP:50/51(Record 259), Beverly ship of 150 tons, 10 guns, 25 men, LM Capt Elias Smith. Capture:20, brigantine with powder, arms, and duck, captured near Cape Cod 27 June 1777.


Count D’Estaing.

ND8:5, 488, thought to be British brig, Capt Richard James, captured by America (Eglington), 1777.


Count d’Estaing.

NR:261, LCP:50/51, C97, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 10 swivels, 31 men, Capt William Dunlap, Aug 1778. Ford1779:195.


Count d’Estaing.

FW3:308, American vessel, 10 guns, 14 swivels, with dispatches from Cont. Congress to France, captured 14 July 1779, off Cape Finisterre, Spain. (This is probably one of the other vessels listed.)


Count d’Estaing.

Allen:105, MA privateer brigantine of 16 guns and 100 men, under John Kendrick 16 Dec 1778. Kaminkow:221, Capt John Kenrick, American privateer, crew of 76, captured before Nov 1779 by the British Brutus and Little Brutus. Owners were Isaac Sears and others.


Count d’Estaing.

Ford:XIII:195, schooner, moving cargo from ?Europe? to SC, to be paid on arrival for the freight of the schooner, Feb 1779.


Count d’Estaing.

Allen:105, MA privateer schooner of 6 guns 12 men, under Capt Oliver Davison, in operation 24 Aug 1779, owner William Hutchinson of Boston.


Count d’Estaing.

Allen:105, MA privateer brigantine of 8 guns, 10 men, under Capt Matthew Wood 17 May 1780, owners John Young and others..


Count d’Estaing.

Allen:105, MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Elias Smith of Beverly, 22 Aug, 1780.


Count d’Estaing.

CTP:265, American CT schooner, New London to Martinico with lumber, 90 tons, 22 men, captured 22 Sep 1780 (probably one of those above).


Count. See also Comte.


Count de Grasse.

VANavy:165, NR:260, LCP:50/51, VA LM schooner of 14 guns and 80 men, Capt Alexander Stockdale, Oct 1781.


Count de Grasse.

Allen:105, NR:260, LCP:50/51(Record 596), LM MA privateer ship of 14 guns and 40 men, under Capt Nicholas Johnson of Newburyport 24 Dec 1781.


Count de Grasse.

NR:260, LCP:50/51, LM PA brigantine, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt John Hall, Dec 1781.


Count de Grasse.

NR:260, LCP:50/51, LM PA ship, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt John Gifford, Dec 1781.


Count de Grasse.

NR:260, CTRec:604, CTP:66, LCP:50/51(Record 822), NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT schooner, 2 guns, 30 men, Capt Ebenezer Stanton, May 1782.


Count de Grasse.

LCP:50/51(Record 521), MA sloop, 8 guns, 35 men, taken out 4 May 1782 by Capt Nathan Plimpton of Boston.


Count de Grasse.

C82, MD brigantine, 8 guns 8 swivels, 25 men, Capt O. Daniel, Jun 1782.


Count de Grasse.

C276, MD ship, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt J. J. Sewell, Apr 1782.


Count de Guichen.

Fanning:125, 139, French privateer of 14 guns financed from Morlaix, with an American crew, launched Dec 1780, captured 1781.


Count de Kersaint.

Coggins:103, sloop in SC Navy.


Count de Marbeuf.

ND6:576, French ship from Martinique to Garonne, Capt Lochee, in Aug 1776, delivered passengers he had received from an American privateer.


Countess of Berigen.

Clark:ii, French frigate, 28 guns, at Ostend, Belgium, but not identified in other records.


Countess of Clanbrazil.

NR:187. No other record.


Countess of Darlington.

ND3:237, British brig, Capt ???, went aground, Bay of Fundy, and lost 25 Dec 1775.


Countess of Eglington.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:8:9, in case of Jones, the claimant, vs Babcock. R77:108, ND6:603, ND7:639, ND8:218, British Army Transport brig, Capt Robert Reid, captured by the RI privateer America, 14 Jan 1777, Capt William Dennis, case pending in appeal, 1780. C89. JA5:262, 265.


Countess of Marlboro’.

Kamikow:221, Mill:212, cutter taken May 1781, part of crew to Mill Prison.


Countess of Mouton.

Mc:108, Neeser:152, British brig, prize of the Revenge of Dunkirk, France, Capt Gustavus Conyngham, captured Apr 1778 and sold at Martinique.


Countess of Pitterwin.

ND10:242, British brigantine, Capt John Smith, captured by American Independence, 11 Nov 1777, libelled in MA Southern District.


Count of Provence.

R77:514, ND11:929, British vessel, Capt Thomas Sheal, West Indies to London, taken by American General Washington, & retaken by Br. Revenge, 1777.


Count de Rochambeau.

C234, 235, MD brigantine, 10 guns, 17 men, Capt Thomas Patten, May 1782.


Countess of Scarborough.

SchV:43, Barnes:25, British sloop of war, 20/32 guns Capt Thomas Piercy, captured off Scarborough by the Pallas in fleet of Capt John Paul Jones, 23 Sep 1779. Morison:266, she was sold at Dunkirk to become a merchantman. Ford1780:227, Ford1781:320. JA9:138.


Courageuse.

JA8:359, Villiers:296, 302, 305, French frigate, 36 guns, from Rochefort, with Admiral de Guichen in the West Indies in 1780, did escort duty in 1781 and 1782 from West Indies to France and back. Beerman:198, French frigate moving money from Havana in 1781.


La Coureur.

ND9:649, LG:419, French Navy lugger, Capt De Martinet, active at Bordeaux 19 Sep 1777. SchV:57, frigate, 14 guns, 110 men, captured 18 June 1778 in the Bay of Bascay by the fleet under Admiral Keppel, crew sent to Forton Prison.


Courier.

SchV:43, British naval schooner, 14 guns, Lt C. Major, captured at Newfoundland by American privateer Wild Cat in 1780.


Courier de l’Amerique.

RM9:81, French packet which grounded on Governor’s Island in Feb 1784. Col Isaiah Harmon was a passenger.


Courier de l’Europe.

RM9:346, French packet on which David Humphreys was a passenger to join Thomas Jefferson in Paris, 1784. JA7:149, 9:2, Capt Raffin in 1778.


Courier de Miquelon.

ND10:819, French sloop, Capt Lewis Busson, captured by British Emerald, 28 Dec 1777.


Couronne.

ND11:987-990, JA8:359, French Navy ship of the line, 80 guns, Capt Chevalier Huon de Kermadec, part of d’Estaing Squadron of 1778, in the West Indies in 1780, accidentally burned, 1781.


Couronne et le Pluton.

Comm:147-152, French flagship for Admiral de Guichen in 1780, in de Grasse fleet of 1781 at Chesapeake and Les Saintes, and later helped move French Expeditionary Force to Puerto Cabello in Venezuela in Dec 1782. Crew listed for 1781.


Courrier de l’Europe.

JA7:149, French coaster, 1779.


Courtier.

ND10:1118, 1119, French naval vessel, Capt Dunerat, captured deserted seamen, 18 Dec 1777.


Courtney.

VANavy:165, NR:261, LCP:50/51, LM privateer brigantine of 12 carriage guns and 25 men, Capt Francis Bright, 1782.


Coventry.

SchV:44, LG:542, 549, British vessel, 28 guns, Capt W. Wolseley, captured in 1782 in the Bay of Bengal by the French, converted to French use with Admiral Suffren.


Craft.

GMB:35, VADuckg, open river, owner John Cooke of Petersburg, 5 negroes on board, at Turkey Island, 22 Mar 1781.


Crafte.

GMB:35, VADuckg, owner Capt Murry, 3 men, at Turkey Island, 22 Mar 1781.


Crane.

CTP:255, 263, British sloop captured 20 Dec 1782 by Capt Eli Leavenworth of New Haven.


Crane.

Coggins:105, CTN:10, 146, 147, 213, 214, NLHS:I:IV:27, Force:5:III:1526, ND5:1057, 1113, 1285, ND6:1318, ND7:77, ND9:840,ND11:688, schooner-rigged galley of CT Navy, built at E. Haddam, 3 guns, 8 swivels, 50 men, sent to New York in 1776, Capt Jehiel Tinker, where it was captured 19 Oct 1776, in North River by British Phoenix, Roebuck, Tartar, and renamed HM Crane. C34, CT State galley out of East Haddam, CT, in Jul 1776, 1st Lt David Brooks, Capt Jehiel Tinker, captured in Mar 1777 by HMS Unicorn. ND11:688, condemned in New York, Mar 1778.


Crawford.

Force:5:III:1527, ND2:394, ND3:615, ND9:648, British transport with troops, Capt James McLean, Glasgow to Boston, 180 tons, 1776. McM:498, Mc:79, 83, ND4:134, ND6:601, British/Scottish transport ship, Capt McLean, with troops, 180 tons, captured by the Andrew Doria, Capt Nicholas Biddle, then recaptured by a British NY Cerberus, 12 or 19 Jun 1776, prize crew with Capt James Josiah to New York prison ships. It may have been retaken by the American sloop, General Schuyler. ND7:63, ship in British possession, libel filed against vessel by General Schuyler, 6 Nov 1776.


Crawford.

Emmons:42/43, probably captured by the Lexington and the Dolphin. Mc:208, 347, ND9:422, British brig, Capt Alexander Alexander captured Jun 1777, by Continental Reprisal, Lexington, Dolphin, Capt Lambert Wickes, sent to England with released prisoners. R77:406, British Capt Alexander Alexander, Grennock to St Ubes.


Crawford.

ND7:1192, transport, Capt Montgomery, probably British, active late 1776.


Crawford.

Howe:357, British sloop captured in 1781 by the Scourge. R81II:287, possibly the American sloop captured in 1781 by British, then recaptured by Americans.


Crawford.

ND4:658, American brig captured by HMS Milford, 4 Apr 1776.


Creature/Creature Terrible.

Paine:455, Allen:106, MA privateer brig of 14 guns from Salem and Beverly, Capt Robert Richardson, in 1777 captured a ship 600 tons from the West Indies.


L’Creetia.

ND11:451, American brig loaded with molasses, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman, 1777.


Creighton.

R76I:237, 267, Allen:328, Mc:203, ND10:1204, British ship, Capt Benjamin Moore, from Antigua to Boston captured 30 Jul 1776 by the American Yankee, Capt Henry Johnson, and sent into Cape Ann; however, the Yankee was itself captured before it got back to port. Force:5:III:1527, ND5:969, 1111, British Capt Ross, 280 tons. ND6:516, 1339, ND7:1118, after being refitted by Americans, the Creighton was renamed the William. C167.


Créole.

Villiers:434, French merchant ship in North Atlantic trade, 1782.


Crescent.

ND6:452, ship, probably British, condemned 21 June 1776.


Crescent.

ScV:44, British vessel, 28 guns, Hon. T. Pakenham, captured in 1781 in the Bay of Biscay by French frigates Le Gloire, Fripone. This vessel, along with the British Flora, had fought a terrific battle with two Dutch vessels off the Barbary Coast in March 1781.


Crisis.

McM:370, ND2:75, 1376, ND5:1151, NH ship, Capt John Salter, loaded with lumber from Newbury for the West Indies, captured 12 Sep 1775 by British Lively, Capt Thomas Bishop and taken into Boston.


Crissis.

SCNavy:25, 53, 85, SC pilot boat, c 1780.


Crocodile.

SchV:52, British vessel, 20 guns, Capt J. Williamson, lost off the Start in 1784, on her passage from India.


Cromwell.

R77:108, British vessel, Capt Bruce, Jamaica to Bristol, 1777.


Cromwell.

Morison:161n, CTP:248, Continental privateer of 20 guns which captured the HM sloop of war Lynx in May 1776. This may have been the Oliver Cromwell.


Crow Lane.

NR10:1209, British brig, Capt Dean, 260 tons, Liverpool, N. S. to Halifax, taken by John O’Brien, 22 May 1781.


Cruizer.

SchV:46, British sloop, 8 guns, Capt F. Parry, burned in 1777 off the coast of Carolina.


Cruizer.

ND4:1428, GMB:40, mentioned as a VA boat of Apr and May 1776, with a master and first mate Aaron Jeffrys. Others mentioned were Robert Donald, Robert Gayle, Capt James Cocke, and Capt Westcott. It would appear that the Hope, which later was renamed the Raleigh, was referred to as “the cruiser” for its projected use. See Raleigh.


Cullendine.

ND8:320, schooner, Capt Henry Reeves, from SC, arrived at Cape Nichola Mole, 9 Apr, 1777.


Culloden.

RM6:388, SchV:49, a British ship, 74 guns, Capt George Balfour in 1781 evidently wrecked in the east end of Long Island Sound from which sixteen 32 pound cannon were saved by Joseph Woodbridge. Woodbridge apparently still had the cannon Sep 1782 and offered to sell them to the Cont. army. ND7:223, The Culloden may have been made into a prison ship, with rebel prisoners from 22 Dec 1776. JA7:333, a British ship of the line mentioned in 1779.


Cumberland.

ND1:80, 81, 168, 1365, ??? sloop, 30 tons, 5 men, Capt Joseph Titcomb, probably British, active 1775, Annapolis to Falmouth with corn, flour, bread, and bar iron.


Cumberland.

ND6:515, frigate, 56 guns, supposed built and purchased in Genoa, and delivered to Philadelphia, Jul 1776, apparently a false report. No such ship is known.


Cumberland.

ND6:1327, packet, sunk in St. Augustine harbor 18 Oct 1776.


Cumberland.

CTP:120, British brigantine, Capt James Tindals, cargo of cotton and sugar, captured 10 Sep 1782 by the CT sloop Hermione/Harmony, Capt Thomas Hopkins. C156.


Cumberland.

Allen:106, ship of 20 guns and 180 men, Capt James Collins, 12, 13 Sep 1777, owners Paul Dudley Sargent and others of Boston. FW3:836, SchV:54, captured in 1779 with 20 guns and 170 men in the West Indies by the Pomona, Capt Waldgrove.


Cumberland.

Howe:430, HartIII:59, ND11:739, Allen:106, MA privateer in operation in Mar and Dec 1778, 20 guns, 100 men, Capt John Manley, owners Edward Carnes and others. Maclay:192, 193, 203, GWA:408, Boston privateer of 16/22 guns captured by British frigate Juno in Jan 1779 and taken to Barbados. Capture:50, twenty gun ship with crew of about 100 men helped capture the Lord Dungannon. JA8:24, 25.


Cumberland.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:13:109, in Cruger vs the captor of the brig Cumberland. This brig was of Danish registry, and Cruger was a Danish citizen of St Croix.


Cumberland Packet.

ND6:490, 1327, ND10:1208, British sloop, Capt Sharp, 80 tons, cut out below Cumberland, taken by the Cato, trial 23 Jul 1780.


Cunningham.

CTP:321, Capt Dan Scovell in Mar 1780 explained that he was imprisoned after being captured by the British Galatea, and a British cutter, formerly ye Cunningham. Possibly he meant an American vessel named Cunningham had been captured and converted into a British cutter.


Cupid.

SchV:47, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt W. Carlyon, foundered on the Banks of Newfoundland, 28 Dec 1778.


La Curieuse.

ND6:397, French Navy corvette, Capt Saulx de Rosnevel, active 1776. ND9:464, ND10:1097-98, 1140, 1161, French Navy corvette, Capt André-Marie, Chevalier de Gouzillon Belizal, at Brest, 12 Dec 1777. ND11:1041-43, LG:619, Capt Chevalier de Trolong Du Rumain in 1778.


Custis.

Selby:175, tobacco ship of George Mason and John Dalton of Alexandria, loaded on the Potomac for France, 1777.


Cutter.

NJNavy:214, British privateer schooner, wartime prize of NJ, but she had to be destroyed.


Cutter.

(It appears that Salem had a schooner and a brigantine, both named Cutter, and that these two vessels made six voyages under changing owners. There may be an alternate and better explanation.) Allen:106-107, NR:261, LCP:52/53, ND9:933, LM MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Silas Smith of Salem, 6 Aug 1777 (Record 338), and under Capt David Smith, Apr 1778. Owners were Aaron Waitt and others. Paine:455, NR:261, LM, Salem, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Joseph Strout of Salem, Sep 1782 (Record 65). Captured Betsey, Hope, etc. (Because of the time period involved, and different owners, there could have been two or more vessels.)

Cutter. Allen:107, NR:261, LCP:52/53, LM MA privateer brigantine, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Samuel Croel, Mar & Jul 1780. Paine:455, probably under Capt George Ashby, Jr, of Salem in Nov 1780 (Record 303). Crewman listed in MAS. Owners were John Page, Edward Norris, Samuel Page, and others of Salem.


Cybèle.

French warship converted into a transport 1 May 1781.


Cyrus/Cygnus.

CTN:45, 52, 84, CTP:192, 305-310, British ship, 16 guns, captured 20 Apr 1778, by the CT Navy vessel Defence, Capt Samuel Smedley. The Oliver Cromwell assisted in the capture. C283. JA6:244-45.


Cyrus.

Maclay:60, NR:261, Paine:455, LCP:54/55, LM NH armed privateer ship, 12 guns, 45 seamen, 1777. Sherman:167, shows she was from Salem, MA. Allen:107, Leamon:100, shows one cruise 19 Mar 1782, under John O’Brien of Machias, ME, later of Newburyport (Record 186), and another 1 June 1782, under Jonathan Mason, Jr, of Salem (Record 604)


Dalton.

ND4:18, MA privateer ship, proceeded to Europe, 20 Feb 1776, owners were Tristram Dalton and Stephen Hooper. ND7:802, ND8:629, ND9:384, McM:12, captured by British Raisonable, 24 Dec 1776. Mill:74, Connor:42, 187, ND2:148, 548, ND11:949, MA privateer brig of Newburyport with 18 guns and 120 men, Capt Cutting Lunt, or Capt Eleazear Johnson, captured 24 Dec 1776 by the British Raisonable, 64 guns, crew to Mill Prison in Jun 1777. Kaminkow:222, Capt Eleazer Johnson/Johnston, Jr, listed. For a while, the crew was housed on a prisoner receiving ship called the Burford/Blenheim, Capt George Bowyer.


Dan.

R82I:238, American vessel captured by British in 1781. It was likely one of those below.


Danaé.

ND10:1119, 1159, Malo:947, French navy frigate, Lt Kergariou de Rosconells, at St Nazaire 18 Dec 1777. SchV:58, 34 guns, 250 men, captured 13 May 1779 in Concale Bay by the British Experiment, Sir J. Wallace.


Danäe.

Acomb:284, French frigate, Capt de Capellis, ran aground in the Delaware River, 15 Dec 1782. It had contained the court dispatches and money for the French Expedition, which were saved and sent to Boston, then placed on the Auguste at Portsmouth.


Danaide.

RM7:558, French frigate, Capt Hippolyte Louis Antoine, Comte de Capellis, became commander in 1782. This was the Danaide, RM6:558, frigate with mail for Robert Morris, Oct 1782.


Dandy.

NR:262, CTP:66, LCP:60/61, NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT brigantine, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt George House, Oct 1781.


Dandy.

NR:262, LCP:60/61, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns, 21 men, Capt James Clifton, 3 Nov 1781 and Apr 1782.


Daniel.

ND7:53, 109, 203, 453, British sloop, Capt Henry Gerveiss, captured 4 Oct 1776 by MD Defence.


Daniel.

ND3:792, 1041, ship, Capt Daniel Hope, Philadelphia to Cork, arrived Jan 1776. Captured by HMS Argo. (It is possible these were separate vessels.)


Daniel.

ND5:1254, ND11:125, New York sloop, Capt Daniel Darby, captured off Sierra Leone 9 Jan 1776 by British Weazel, Capt Samuel Warren, tried and condemned in English Harbor, Antigua, 29 Jul 1776.


Daniel.

Allen:108, C214, MA privateer bark of 8 guns, 20 men, 180 tons under Capt James Mantaudevert, operating 13 Sep 1779, owners Gustavus Fellows and others of Boston.


Daniel.

Howe:425, LM ship active in 1782.


Daniel.

Allen:223, privateer, formerly the Salem Packet, Capt Benjamin Bickford, captured in her homeward passage from Bilbao. Kaminkow:222, captured Oct 1780. C24, 285, recaptured in the West Indies in 1781 by Capt Elias Smith in the MA ship Mohawk and returned to Salem in Apr 1782.


Dankbrakeyt/Dankbaarheyt.

SchV:67, Dutch privateer, 24 guns, 1000 tons, Capt Steetsel, from East India/Bengal, captured in 1781 in Saldanha Bay by the squadron under Comm. Johnstone.


Daphne.

Robertson(1959):80, 127, VirginI:47, Danish-owned schooner of St Thomas captured by British in 1782 and carried into Jamaica.


Daphne.

NR:130, 142. PCOII:146, schooner taken over by Capt James Robinson after his crew took over the sloop Fly, his previous command, probably on 8 May 1779. The Daphne was in turn taken over by Count d’Estainge before Dec 1779. CTP:143, Capt Joseph Smith was master of a privateer Daphne in Jul 1779. C:261. Searcy:100.


Darby.

McMA:142, British schooner, Capt Zebedee Hammond, loaded with salt, captured Oct 1782 by the MA Winthrop.


Darly.

R77:514, British slaver, Senegal to Dominica, full of slaves, 1777.


Dart.

NR:262, LCP:60/61, LM PA brigantine, 12 guns, 36 men, Capt Thomas Davis, Jun 1781.


Dart.

Allen, 108-109, LCP:60/61, four or five LM MA privateer cruises are listed so that it appears there was one schooner, 6/10 guns, 20/25 men, making four cruises, 28 Aug 1781 under Lemuel Perkins of Salem (Record 244), 5 Mar 1782 under Silas Smith of Salem (Record 490), 10 Jul 1782 by Zenas Cook of Salem, and 9 Dec 1782 under Thomas Dexter of Salem (Record 244) . Pease:455, only shows Zenas Cook. C72, under Capt Zenas Cook, the Dart was captured in 1783 but was retaken by Capt Benjamin Hammond of the Languedoc and brought into Salem in May 1783. Some records show a cruise 12 Dec 1781 by William Gray. Owners seem to be Nathaniel Brookhouse of Marblehead and others.


Dartmouth.

M880:3, ND3:16-17, NH brig, Capt Simeon Akerman, Dec 1775. ND11:852, probably the brig, Capt William Haydon, captured by Badger, 31 Mar 1778.


Dartmouth.

ND5:1120, American schooner from New York, probably Capt Scanett, captured 10 Jan 1776 by the British Pallas/Pallace and taken to St Thomas. (There is some doubt as some records ahow capture by sloop Nancy.)


Dartmouth.

R77:234, ND7:470, ND11:126, American sloop, Capt James Littlefield, from Boston, captured by British Mermaid, Capt James Hawker, condemned 18 Mar 1777 at Antigua.


Dartmouth.

ND8:855, ship, Capt Graves, probably American, arrives in river from Seville 20 Jan 1777.


Dasher.

Dandridge:189, galley in 1778 of the VA Navy, Capt Willis Wilson, captured and crew sent to Provost Jail in Portsmouth, VA.


Dasher.

VANavy:151, boat in VA Navy, 1780.


Dasher.

Robertson(1959):143, captured by British and carried to Jamaica.


Dashwood Packet.

McM:343, British vessel, joint prize of NJ, recaptured by British, 1779.


Dauphin.

Allen:109, JA7:272, MA privateer schooner of 6 guns 12 men, under Thomas Powars, 11 Jul 1779, owners Benjamin Call and others of Boston.


Dauphin.

Allen:109, NR:263, LCP60/61(Record 242), LM MA privateer brig of 6 guns, 20 men, under William Brown of Boston, in operation, 4 Nov 1782.


Le Dauphin de Baltimore.

C197, MD vessel, captured c Jan 1783 by British General Conway.


Dauphin.

Villiers:130, 131, French navire of the Company of the Indies, launched 1762, 1766. Bouvet:6 listed a vessel of this name as a goëlette with d’Estaing in 1778 at Newport.


Dauphin.

SchV:59, French flute, 26 of 64 guns mounted, captured in 1782 in the West Indies by the Argo, Capt J. Butchart.


Le Dauphin de Baltimore.

Kaminkov:228, C197, MD vessel, Capt Nicolas Martin, 1782, captured before Jan 1783.


Dauphin Royal.

ND11:987-990, JA8:359, French Navy ship of the line, 70 guns, from Brest, Capt Marquis de Nieuil, part of d’Estaing’s Squadron which came to America in 1778. It served in the West Indies through Fall 1782.


David.

ND11:76, 345, American snow, Capt Jean David, from Nantes to New London, captured 9 Jan 1778 off Long Island by British Juno, Capt Hugh Dalrymple.


Davis.

Capture:20, British brigantine captured in May, year not stated, near Cape Pine by the American brig Hornet and sent to Salem but was recaptured off Cape Sables.


Deal Castle.

SchV:48, British vessel, 24 guns, Capt J. Hawkins, lost in 1780 hurricane off Puerto Rico, part of crew saved.


Dean.

Howard:214, schooner from New London in West Indies in 1779. NLHS:I:IV:27, CT privateer brig of 20 guns, Capt Noah Schofield.


Deane.

NR:263, CTP:67, 68, 151, LCP:62/63(Record 791), NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT brigantine, 18 guns, 100 men, Capt Daniel Scovel/Scovell, Mar 1781. It was the former French ship Jonatas, purchased by the shipmaster Thomas Mumford. R82I:238, privateer vessel, 110 men, captured by British, Oct 1781, and taken to New York..


Deane.

Allen:109, NR:263, LCP:62/63(Record 752), CTP:151, 153, NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT ship of 30 guns 210 men, under Elisha Hinman, in action in Jun-Dec 1780. CTP:153, this was likely the former French ship Jonatas, pruchased by Thomas Mumford.


Deane, 32 guns, 1777-1783.

GWA:701, Buel:87, Smith:137, 176-177, 199-200, 217-218, 254-257, 279-281, Augur:95, 165, ND9:653, JA7:90, 8:27, 9:228, Continental frigate, 32 guns, purchased in France, formerly Lyon, which successfully cruised the West Indies under Capt John Manley and survived the war. It was renamed the Hague but was sold at public auction in Boston in Oct 1783. CTP:66-67, this is the ship, Capt Elisha Hinman, which had formerly been Le Jonathan built at Nantes, Capt Pierre Patol, before it became part of the Continental Navy. C221, 222, other Captains were Samuel Nicholson, 1777, and John Nicholson, Nov 1779. Crewmen are listed in MAS. Ford1779:466, 899, Ford1780: 401, 669, 1026. JA6:67, 252, 9:228.


Deborah.

Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British schooner, Capt Hendrick/Rendrick, captured 27 Dec 1776 by Americans.


Deborah.

ND1:1040, ND2:1374, American schooner, Capt William Battershill, Kennebec to Chatham, captured 2 Aug 1775 by HM sloop Falcon, Capt John Linzer, then condemned and sold in Boston.


Deborah.

ND6:347, schooner, Capt Samuel Nickerson, supplies brought into county of Essex, 29 Aug 1776.


Decatur.

Clark:I:200, privateer.


Decoy.

C207, NH schooner, 8 swivels, 25 men, Capt William Meserve, Sep 1779.


Decoy.

Allen:109, MA schooner of 7 guns, 25 men, under Silas Howell of Manchester, 11 May 1780, owners Nathan Nichols and Jerathmeel Peirce.


La Dédaigneuse.

ND6:384, French Navy frigate, active 1776. ND11:72, 513, French Navy frigate, 30 guns, Capt Chevalier de Keroulas de Cohars, active in 1778, captured a British privateer called the Vixen, Capt Archibald Sterling, first mate from the British frigate Southampton. Buel:296, the French frigate carried 24 guns in 1778. It was converted into a transport Apr 1780. It was probably not the flute mentioned in West Indies battles of 1781.


Deepfall.

Allen:110, MA privateer captured by the British LM Nancy and carried into New York, Aug 1779.


Defence.

ND4:240, vessel which was active, early 1776, Capt William Paddison, allegiance not clear.


Defence.

GWNavy:162, 263, 265, 270, took part in capture of Scotch transports.


Defence.

Maclay:68, Paullin:420-421, ND3:1342, ND4:674, ND5:210, ND6:1441, ND7:23, SC Navy armed schooner, 35 crewmen, Capt Simon Tufts, fired on by British in Nov 1775. ND8:929, ND9:751, ND10:545, 657, ND11:49, 217, DaviesXIII:826, XIV:104-105, SC brigantine, Capt Thomas Pickering which captured the British ship Caesar, c 1777, and at other times, the Friendship, the schooner Nancy, and possibly the sloop Nancy, before it was itself captured by the British Perseus, and Roebuck, 2 Apr 1777. Coggins:103, brigantine/schooner in SC Navy, 1775. R77:233, SC armed brigantine, Capt Thomas Pickering, from Charlestown, captured 2 Apr 1777 by British Perseus, Roebuck. C40, 66, 318. Probably Searcy:67,


Defence.

ND7:172, probably an American vessel, Capt James Barton, payroll listing for 15 Nov 1776.


Defence/Defense.

Smith:265-266, 271, Coggins:105, Eller:233, MD Navy ship/brig, 22 guns, acquired in Mar 1776, sold in 1778-79. ND8:76, ND9:18, 728, 786, Capt George Cook in 1777. Williamson:113, MD Navy brig, 20 guns, 1776, formerly the merchant ship Sidney. M:49, probably shown as a 1776 ship. ND7:39, ND10:166-67, 781, in Sep 1776, under MD Navy Capt George Cook, took 5 brigs, including Georgia. C71. ND3:721, 738, 1321, ND4:324, 822, 1472, Capt James Nicholson in 1776.


Defence.

FordXIV:805, ship under control of the MD governor, loaded with French provisions, to be allowed to sail, Jul 1779. ND4:1472, ND5:858, ND6:9, this may be the ship under Capt James Nicholson purchased by MD 8 May 1776, captured the Georgia 21 Aug 1776.


Defence.

CTPR75/76:119, ND4:674, Coggins:104, Salley:6 and many other references, CT Navy brigantine of 14 guns, served from Apr 1776 until captured in 1777/78 and carried into Jamaica. CTRec:593, Capt in Apr 1776 was Seth Harding with 143 men. ND6:789, 972, ND7:170, ND8:979, ND10:525n, this may be the vessel which captured the Annabelle/Annapolis, George, Lydia, Sally, St John. Smith:35, CTN:42, CT State ship, active in Massachusetts Bay in 1776-78, bringing in 13 prizes. Howard:4, this was the former Lilly Ann which had made one trip to the West Indies. Howard:48, this ship became the Old Defence, Capt Daniel Deshon, which was captured in 1778 and carried to Jamaica. Robertson(1979):149, 151, a CT LM brig was captured in 1777 by a British privateer. NLHS:I:IV:27, ND9:950, this may be the brig/ship, 20 guns, 100 men, under Capt Samuel Smedley in Mar 1777 which took seven prizes. C139. Ford1778:905, Ford1779:805. JA6:244-245.


Defence.

Howard:47-48, the former Endeavor from the New Providence Expedition was bought by the State of CT from its Bermuda owners and refitted with the guns of the Defence and it became the new Defence commanded by Capt Seth Harding. It was later wrecked in 1779 on Goshen Reef near Waterford, CT. CTN:many references. CTP:many references.


Defence.

DaviesXIV:104-105, American privateer taken into British service, 1777.


Defense.

Coggins:106, Eller:256, 239, MD Navy barge built in 1778, fitted out for defense of the Chesapeake Bay in 1782.


Defence, 16 guns.

SchV:56, Howe:407, McMA:95, Beverly MA, brigantine, privateer, Capt John Edmonds, owners Morris Brown and Andrew Cabot, 14 guns, 90 men, burned at Penobscot to prevent capture. Eastman:13, Smith:207, 110, American Privateer brig, used in Penobscot Expedition, Jul 1779. Crewmen listed in MAS.


Defence.

Allen:110, MA boat of 8 tons, 6 swivels, 15 men, under Silas Hatch, Jr, May 1779, intended to cruise on Vineyard Sound. Owners were Joseph Dimuck and others.


Defence.

Cayford:124, sloop transport, Capt Daniel Mitchell, used in Penobscot Expedition, 1779.


Defence.

NR:263, LCP:62/63, LM PA ship, 16 guns, 40 men, Capt Charles Harrison, Jul 1779, Capt Benjamin Wickes, Jul 1780.


Defence/Defiance.

Howe:407, Beverly, MA, LM brigantine, 150 tons, 16 guns, 50 men, captured 2 Oct 1781 in Boston Bay. Allen:110-111, this may be the ship on two cruises in 1780 and 1781 under John Edmonds.


Defence.

DE:949, schooner shallop, used for Delaware state purposes, April, 1781.


Defence.

Allen:111, HartIII:35, sloop in MA State Navy, Capt James Nivens, 1781. Crewmen listed in MAS.


Defence.

Allen:111, NR:263, LCP:62/63, LM MA privateer brigantine of 10 guns and 16 men under Robert Rentoul of Salem in Nov 1781 (Record 142). Paine:455, this is the same vessel under Capt John Barr of Salem 26 Oct 1782 (Record 225).


Defence.

Capture:20, merchant ship, captured 2 Oct 1781 in Boston Bay. R82I:237, probably the vessel captured in 1781, 185 tons, 65 men, 18 guns.


Defense.

Coggins:104, ship in MA Navy in 1781. Allen:111, probably the sloop under James Nivens in 1781.


Defence.

Capture:20, a former British ship Trepassy, which Americans were using, captured before 11 Nov 1782.


Defiance.

ND2:1357, ??? schooner, 30 tons, Capt Jonathan King, Jr, probably British, Roanoke to Antigua, with shingles and staves, Apr 1775.


Defiance.

ND2:1010, 1348, 1359, ??? sloop, 35 tons, Capt Samuel Hatch, probably British, active 1775, from Antigua to Roanoke, then on to other West Indies destinations.


Defiance.

Mc:216, ND6:1302, British brigantine captured 25 Sep 1776 by the Providence, 1st Lt John Paul Jones. Rider:88, 89, this may be the fishing schooner captured, then taken mistakenly by American General Gates, then was recaptured by British and taken to Halifax.


Defiance.

R76III:313, British vessel, Capt Sybert, Isle Madam to market, released.


Defiance.

Emmons:40/43, British brig, captured by the Andria Doria, Capt J. Robinson,


Defiance.

NJNavy:212, ND7:1320, ND8:403, British brigantine, 28 Feb 1776 prize of NJ militia.


Defiance.

ND9:119, 799, Capt John Sellen, left port in leaky condition, 24 Aug 1777, captured 1777.


Defiance.

CTP:132, British victualler sloop, Capt Christopher Allen, captured in May 1779 by the CT boats Hornet, Capt Charles Jenks, and the Prudence, Capt Israel Stoddard. C165, 299.


Defiance.

SchV:48, British vessel, 64 guns, Capt M. Jacobs, lost on Savannah Bar, 1780.


Defiance.

McM:210, British brig captured by MA vessel, 1781.


Defiance.

McMA:141, British ship, 180 tons, Capt James Blackie, captured in 1782 by MA Winthrop.


Defiance.

Peabody:231, British brig captured in 1781 by the Grand Turk, Capt Simmons, and sent into Salem and sold for just over 466 pounds. The brig was probably renamed and reused.


Defiance.

McM:36, CT schooner, 1775, owned by Nathaniel Shaw, Jr, in West Indies trade. ND1:909, schooner, Capt Jonathan Leeds, at Cape Nicholas Mole, bound for Leogane with horses, Jul 1775.


Defiance.

Sheffield:Jun 5, 1880, ND3:1081, ND3:1081, ND4:1480, ND5:1097, RI privateer sloop, Capt James/John Chase in 1776, Capt Elijah F. Paine/Payne in 1776, owner John Brown, captured in 1782 on a return from St Eustatius, recaptured by Capt Noah Stoddard in the Young Scamwell.


Defiance.

ND3:1194, schooner, Capt Robert Olds, bonded 1 Feb 1776 for a trip in ballast to CT.


Defiance.

ND4:576, 1321, 1480, sloop, Capt John Chace, from RI to SC 30 Mar 1776.


Defiance.

ND5:648, American sloop, Capt Enoch Taylor, permit 18 May 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.


Defiance.

ND7:1205, SC Navy brigantine, Capt Thomas Pickering, captured two unnamed vessels, active late 1776.


Defiance.

ND8:???, brig, Capt Daniel Deshon, probably American, active 1776/77.


Defiance.

Coggins:100, ND6:7, ND8:1033, PANavy:350, C25, 118, 125, 155, 262, ND8:1033, provision sloop in PA Navy, Capts Alexander Gardner, Jun 76, William Roden, Dec 1776, Christopher Graff, Jan 1777, Frederick Bird in Feb 1777, Henry Hoover, Dec 1777, and Jacob Bird, for another period.


Defiance.

ND10:694, ND11:453, 455, American sloop, Capt Bartlett, Martinique to Salem, captured by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley, 9 Dec 1777.


Defiance.

ND11:453, American schooner, captured by British Porcupine, Capt Thomas Cadogan, in early 1778.


Defiance.

Dandridge:186, VANavy:163, ND6:1450, ND7:12, ship in VA Navy, Captains Eleazar Callender and William Greene in 1776, built as a sloop, schooner-rigged when captured May, 1778.


Defiance.

M880:4, ND11:349, VA vessel Capt/Master John Rogers, captured 13 Feb 1778 by British St Albans, crew sent to New York prison ship Felicity.


Defiance.

Allen:111, MA brigantine privateer of 6 guns 15 men, under Jonathan Parsons active 4 Jan 1779, Nathaniel Tracy, owner.


Defiance.

Allen:111, MA privateer from Salem, 12 guns, captured by a Britsh LM in Jun 1779 and sent to New York.


Defiance.

Smith:207, McMA:96, transport sloop, Capt Daniel Mitchell, used in the Penobscot Expedition, Jun/Jul 1779.


Defiance.

Calef:32, brig, 14 guns, 90 men, burned at Penobscot, Jul 1779.


Defiance.

McM:40, NR:264, CTP:68, LCP:62/63, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT brigantine, 10 guns 70 men, Capt Thomas King in Sep 1779 (Record 729) , and he seems to have been still in command in Dec 1780. CTP:68, CT privateer brigantine, LCP:62/63, Capt Nicoll Fosdick, 27 Nov 1779 (Record 733). It would seem that this is the same vessel, but the dates are not consistent.


Defiance.

NR:264, CTP:68, 178, LCP:62/63(Record 836), NLHS:I:IV:27, LM CT sloop, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Thomas Parke, Jr, Nov 1781.


Defiance.

Allen:111, NR:265, LCP:62/63(Record 219) , LM MA boat with 9 guns and 12 men, under William Read of Freetown, 12 Oct 1782.


De Graafe.

Tuchman:57, 97, American privateer, 26 guns.


Delancy.

McM:32, CTP:223, British sloop, Capt Thomas Wing, prize of CT schooner Suffolk, June, 1778.


Delaware.

ND1:1361, ??? ship, 150 tons, 12 men, probably American, Capt Alexander Cain, active in Dec 1774 -Jan 1775 on a trip to Lisbon with 12,700 bushels of wheat.


Delaware.

Force:5:III:1523, ND5:1183, American vessel, master James McKnight, Philadelphia to West Indies, captured Jul 1776 by British Orpheus, Capt Charles Hudson.


Delaware.

Maclay:76, 85, PA river galley, 1776. C259, PA Navy Capt Isaac Roach, Apr 1777. PANavy:25, 346 shows this vessel as an armed schooner, which was burned during the defense of the Delaware River in Oct 1777.


Delaware, 24/30 guns, 1777.

GWA:701, Smith:81, 90, 104-105, 126, ND3:697, ND4:686, ND6:1201, ND7:188, 476, ND9:778, ND10:27, Continental Navy frigate, Capt Charles Alexander. Howard:62, ran aground attacking the British batteries at Philadelphia in 1777. Greenwood:95, DaviesXIV:206, 208, 259, 261, it was recovered by the British and renamed HMS United States. It may be the vessel sold by the British Navy in March 1783.


Delaware.

Coggins:100, ND6:327, 967, ND7:183, ND8:1004, ND9:974, ND10:568, C104, PA Navy armed schooner, Capts Henry Dougherty in fall, 1776, Richard Eyre in Dec 1776, Isaac Roach, in PA Navy, 1777. Probably burned to prevent capture on 19 Nov 1777.


Delaware.

ND8:923, ND9:135, brigantine, formerly the Active, purchased by Bradford for Robert Morris, 7 May 1777. ND7:1212, 1237, PA LM brigantine, Capt John Hamilton, c 1776.


Delaware.

ND9:165, 258, American sloop, Capt Thomas Coleman, captured and burnt by British Emerald, 24 June 1777.


Delaware.

ND11:452, Philadelphia brig, Capt Kirby, loaded with salt, brandy, etc, captured before 18 Nov 1777 by British Hornett, Capt Rob Haswell.


Delaware.

NR:265, LM MD brig, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt John Angus, Mar 1778.


Delaware.

NR:265, LCP:64/65, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 45 men, Capt John Barry, Feb 1779.


Delaware.

Howard:62, this may be the PA state brig in Delaware Bay from whom Capt. Seth Harding sought to impress men.


Delaware.

Kaminkow:222, C331, Capt Adam Wellman of MA privateer captured after Dec 1779 by the British Hyena.


Delaware.

Griffin:106, 107, letter of marque brig of 10 guns in 1779.


Delaware.

NR:265, LCP:64/65, LM PA ship, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt John Prole, Feb 1781.


Delaware.

NR:265, LCP:64/65, LM PA brigantine, 4 guns, 17 men, Capt Richard Inkson/Jackson, Apr 1781.


Delaware.

NR:265, LCP:64/65, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 10 men, Capt William Smith, Dec 1781.


Delaware.

DelaI:35, DL:919, proposed joint state schooner for DL and PA, Nov 1782, Capt Charles Pope. RM5:298, the state schooner was built but never operated against the British. It was under Lt Col Charles Pope, apparently as acting Captain. It was sold in May 1783.


Delegates.

ND11:806, VA Navy ship, renamed Tempest. ND4:1348, assisted Cruizer in capturing two vessels 24 Feb 1776.


Delfin.

Spanish vessel which moved six of the Canary Islander recruits from Havana to New Orleans in Dec 1783.


Delight.

CTP:92, British schooner, Cap James Coffin, captured 8 Jul 1781 in Long Island Sound by CT armed boat Flying Fish, Capt Asa Fuller. C116.


Delight.

SchV:50, British vessel, 16 guns, Capt F. T. Drake, foundered on her passage to America, 1781, crew perished.


Delight.

C86, CT schooner with cargo of provisions for British, Capt George West, captured 26 July 1782 by British armed schooner Sukey, then recaptured 27 Jul 1782 by a CT vessel, sometimes reported as the schooner Suffolk, Capt Ebenezer Dayton. In Sep 1782, the prize was awarded Capt Dayton and his fellow captors.


Delight.

VirginI:95, British brigantine of Tortola in 1782 a prize of the American Holker.


Delight.

ND10:1210, British schooner, 20 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by the Rover, 7 Jan 1783.


Delight.

ND3:1369, probably American sloop, Capt Nicholas Howard, St Croix to Baltimore, 10 Jul 1775, made non-British declaration.


Delight.

ND3:836-837, RI sloop, Capt Joseph Rotch, owner Thomas Green and Leonard Jarvis, bonded 17 Jan 1776 to go to Philadelphia.


Delight.

Force:5:III:1526, ND7:628, American vessel, master William Church, Boston to Philadelphia, captured 28 Dec 1776 by British Roebuck, some crew members exchanged in Dec 1776..


Delight.

Maclay:90, wartime privateer. Allen:111-112, there are five entries for vessels of this name, two for a schooner and three for a brig or brigantine. First is a 60 ton schooner, 10 guns 50 men, under Seth Story in Aug 1780. LCP:64/65 (Record 879), a second cruise was done on an MA schooner, 4 guns, 10 men, of this name by Ebenezer Lateman/Lakeman in Dec 1781.


Delight.

ND8:956, American sloop, Capt Jasper Griffin, captured 20 May 1777 and taken into Tortola.


Delight.

ND10:138, 183, 404, 568, CT cartel sloop, sent to New York with prisoners from CT, seized by prisoners.


Delight.

ND10:107, sloop, American, sent to New Haven, 10 Oct 1777.


Delight.

NR:266, CTP:69, LCP:64/65(Record 690), LM CT schooner, 4 guns, 40 men, Capt Joseph Temple, Feb 1778. Paine:455, shows this to be a schooner of Salem, MA.


Delight.

NR:266, LCP:64/65, LM MD sloop, 6 guns 8 men, Capt David/Robert Porter, May 1778. ND10:107, sloop mentioned.


Delight.

McM:505, CT merchantman, 1779.


Delight.

Allen:112, LCP:64/65, three cruises were recorded for MA brigs or brigantines of 8 guns, 20 men, under Moses Hale of Gloucester 6 Jan 1781, Nathaniel Sargent of Cape Ann in Apr 1781 (Record 879), and Nathaniel Goodwin of Boston 16 Aug 1782. There may have been two vessels.


Delight.

M880:3, Chesapeake Bay sloop, Capt Wilmerson Barnsey, supporting Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.


Delight.

M880:4, Chesapeake Bay sloop, Capt William Mackay, moving military stores for Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Delight.

LCP64/65(Record 1014), MA LM brig, Capt Nathaniel Goodwin and possibly Moses Hale (Record 93).


Delight.

NR:266, CTP:69-70, LCP:64/65, R82II:274, C168, LM CT brigantine, 8 guns, 20 men, Capt Ebenezer Sage in Nov 1780, Capt Nathan Post in Apr 1781 (Record 873), Capt Samuel Johnston in Jul 1781 (Record 405), captured before 1 Nov 1782 by British Chatham and taken to New York.


Delight.

McM:39, CT schooner, 1782. CTP:223, captured 26 Jul 1782 by the British armed schooner Sukey, then recaptured 27 Jul 1782 by CT schooner Suffolk.


Dennis.

Mill:211, Kaminkow:222, schooner taken at St Martin’s, West Indies, Mar 1781, part of crew to Mill Prison.


Dependence.

ND7:1144, 351, 1194, ND8:409, ND9:840, ND10:24, HM Galley, Lt James Clark, captured by American Phoenix, 8 Feb 1777. (This galley may have been Independence before being captured by British.)


Derby.

ND10:197, 337, British ship, Capt James Rimmer, captured 17 Oct 1777 by American St. Peter, Fly.


Derden.

Appeals Cases, R14, Darby vs brig Ersterne, Dutch vessel, Capt Easwick, c 1781.


De Rochambeau.

LCP:64/65(Record 783), CT snow commanded by Michael Melally.


Los Desamparados.

C&C:95, Spanish galley used in 1781 Battle of Pensacola.


Desire.

ND2:1353, ??? sloop, 60 tons, Capt Benjamin Thacher, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to Jamaica, with shingles, staves, and livestock.


Desire.

McM:197, British brig, prize of MA vessel, Court of MA, Jan 1777.


Desire.

ND10:1206, British sloop, Capt Atkins, 60 tons Halifax to Port Medway, taken by Thomas Shucker, trial 26 Oct 1778.


Desire.

ND7:313, 600, 1119, ND8:3, British brig, Capt Joseph Jackson, captured by American Independence, 27 Nov 1777.


Desire.

Kaminkow:222, American vessel, Capt George Smith, captured by British Rippon and taken to Cape of Good Hope, with crew members to British prison in Jan 1777.


Désirée.

Robertson(1959):161, Toth:172, schooner of Cap François, captured by British privateer, Lord Sandwich, 1778, and taken to Jamaica.


Le Despencer.

CTP:166, DaviesXIII:1981, 1990, 2005, British packet, 160 tons, 14/16 guns 50/100 men, Capt William Pond, captured 29 Jun 1778 by CT brigantine Nancy, Capt Michael Melally. The prize was converted into a CT brigantine. C206. NR:370, CTP:144, LCP:150/151, LM CT brigantine, 16 guns, 100 men, Capt Nathaniel Saltonstall, May 1780, took one or more prizes. NLHS:I::IV:29 also shows Capt. Michael Melally.


Le D’Estaing.

Bonsal:137, French war vessel, probably involved at Yorktown or later, 1781.


Le Destin.

JA8:359, French ship of the line, 74 guns, on the way to America, 1779. C&C:111, warship of the line, 74 guns, took part in 1781 Battle of Pensacola. Served in the West Indies until late 1782.


El Destino.

A3:XI:44, probably a Spanish brigantine in New Orleans in 1781.


Deux Amis.

SchV:61, French East Indiaman, 20 guns 90 men, captured in 1778 in the Bay of Biscay by three Liverpool privateers. DaviesXVI:142, French ship from East Indies, Capt Joseph Moreau, captured Jul 1779, probably the same vessel.


Deux Amis.

Deux Freres.

SchV:62, French armed merchantman, 14 guns, 55 men, captured in 1780 in the Mediterranean by the British privateer, Fame, Capt Rowe.


Deux Hélènes.

M&S:230, 244-45, 248, an early vessel, 220 tons, crew of 50, 14 cannon, in the Beaumarchais fleet which reached West Indies, then Charleston, then Chesapeake Bay, and returned to France.


Devonshire.

ND6:506, 624, ND7:690, ND8:1063, ND9:611, ship, probably British West Indiaman. Force:5:III:1528, R76II:267, British West Indiaman, Capt William Fisher, Antigua to Ireland, 90 tons, taken and retaken by American Hawke, Revenge, 29 Aug 1777. R77:406, Capt Fisher, Tortola to England, 1777.


Diademe.

JA8:359, French ship of the line, 74 guns, on the way to America in 1779. Com:118-123, 1781 crew listing, served in the West Indies until late 1782, engaged at Martinique, Chesapeake Bay and Les Saintes.


Diamond.

ND7:113, 458, 923, 1171, cartel sloop, Capt Thomas Lawton, captured Woodcock, 12 Nov 1776.


Diamond.

ND7:828, HMS ship, Capt Charles Fielding, ran aground, and was attacked by American sloop Providence, 1 Jan 1777.


Diamond.

Mc:341, RM9:723, British merchant vessel, joint prize of the Continental frigate Deane, Capt John Nicholson, and others, taken into Cap François, Feb 1781.


Diamond.

McPA:333, probably the British brig from Cork captured in 1782 by the Holker and sold in St. Pierre.


Diamond.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:11:91-92, in the case of Jackson vs this vessel, with David Forman as the claimant. Capt Nathan Jackson of the NJ privateer Greyhound claimed the capture in Nov/Dec 1782. Other witnesses stated the Diamond had been previously captured by William Roche, Capt of the Black Joke in Nov 1782.


Diamond.

ND3:915, RI sloop, Capt Samuel Soule, owner Nicholas Cooke, represented by John Jenckes, to do business for the Colony, Jan 1776. ND4:1417, ND5:85, sloop, Capt Samuel Soule, active in May 1776, picked up war materials at St Lucia. Apparent owner, Nicholas Cooke.


Diamond.

ND3:1249, ND4:1479, sloop, Capt John Norris, RI to NY, 5 Mar 1776, apparent owner Capt Robert Stevens. ND10:755, possibly the RI Navy trading vessel which got new sails 19 Dec 1777.


Diamond.

ND4:1482, sloop, probably British, Capt John Cahoone, RI to NY, 18 May 1776.


Diamond.

ND3:1272, ND4:1376, ND11:124, Philadelphia sloop, Capt Peter Wilney/Whitney, captured 12 Feb 1776 by the Pomona, Capt William Young and condemned at Antigua 12 Mar 1776. ND4:570, ND11:124, sloop from Fairfield, CT, Capt Peter Whitney, captured by Br. Pomona at St Eustatia, Mar 1776.


Diamond.

ND4:68, sloop, 65 tons, Capt Timothy Pearce, to go to West Indies for powder and guns, Feb 1776, owners Lemuel Wyatt and George Gibbs, both of Newport, RI.


Diamond.

ND4:1479, sloop, probably British, Capt Jonathan Carpenter, RI to NY, 11 Mar 1776.


Diamond.

ND5:1027, 945, 1303, ND6:1421, ND7:166, 642, 141, 139, 166, C52, 81, 293, RI Privateer sloop, 6 guns, 10 swivels, Capt William Chace in Jul 1776, who took the British Mary, Jane, Friendship; then in Aug 1776, Capt Thomas Stacey, who captured several vessels.


Diamond.

Maclay:77, ND6:732, ND8:262, RI privateer sloop, Capt William Waterman, which captured five ships in 1776. (this may be the same vessel as above.)


Diamond.

ND7:1059, ND8:171, 1048, RI state sloop, Capts Paul Allen, Timothy Coffin, 1777. Paullin:468, RI merchant vessel used to carry supplies in 1777. ND10:755, probably the RI trading sloop. ND9:236, 316, Capt Timothy Coffin. ND11:537-38, Capt Nathaniel Coddington.


Diamond.

Capture:21, fishing schooner from Plymouth, master ??? Drew, captured 20 Jun 1780 off Cape Cod.


Diamond.

Allen:112, NR:267, LCP:64/65(Record 107), LM MA ship of 16 guns 45 men, under Zebulon Babson of Newburyport 29 Dec 1781.


Diana.

DaviesIX:171, ND1:59, 544-46, 1347, British armed schooner, Lt Thomas Graves, went aground and destroyed in Boston Harbor by locals, June 1775.


Diana.

DaviesX:46, tender for HMS Rose, captured by two American sloops between Conanicut and Gold Islands on 16 Jun 1775.


Diana.

Force:5:III:1528, 1527, ND6:1125, ND7:747, British transport, Capt Brown, from London (to Halifax), taken by Americans, and retaken by British Milford, 2 Oct 1776. ND1:860, 1118, this may be the transport mentioned. ND6:298, 359, ND8:998, British vessel, Capt Heylin Mayberry, St Vincent’s to Cork, 70 tons, taken by Americans, recaptured by British Milford, 2 Oct 1776. R76III:156, shows the Capt to be Donovan. (It appears that only one vessel was captured, but there could have been two.)


Diana/Dianna.

ND10:1205, R77:406, British brig, Capt William Bound, 100 tons, Halifax to Newfoundland, taken by the Dolphin, 7 Oct 1777. ND10:15-16, probably the vessel libelled in 1777 in MA Middle District.


Diana.

DaviesXVI:194, British transport, loaded with military stores, slipped away from Sandy Hook and joined the Americans, Oct 1779.


Diana.

Howe:349-350, British snow captured in 1780 by the Pilgrim. Howe:408, Beverly, MA, snow, 140 tons, 8 guns 25 men, LM, Capt William Herrick, captured by British cruiser 15 Jun 1781. This was the former British prize captured by the Pilgrim.


Diana.

Capture:21, British brigantine captured by the American Rover and recaptured on the way to Salem by the British 19 Aug 1780.


Diana.

ND10:678, 687n, British schooner, Capt Thomas Packer, captured by the Cabot, by 1777.


Diana.

Capture:22, ship, master William Andrews, captured before 4 Apr 1783, but owners claimed to be British.


Diana.

Robertson(1959):153, Beerman:188-189, Spanish frigate captured by the British, 1780, and taken to Jamaica, 1781.


Diana.

ND1:10, British brig, Capt Authven, from Glasgow, bringing stock of goods for Slingsby & Company of Wilmington, NC, and Cross Creek. The goods were to be sold at auction, Dec 1774.


Diana.

ND1:227, 695, 721, 776, sloop, seized 26 Apr 1775 in a RI harbor by HMS Rose. It likely became a Rose tender.


Diana.

ND2:1377, American brig, Capt Tristram Coffin, Guadeloupe to Piscatagua, captured Nov 1775 by British Lively, condemned and sold.


Diana.

DaviesX:133, ND3:374, American whaler sloop , captured by British Experiment, arrived at Spithead 1 Nov 1775.


Diana.

ND4:29, RI schooner, Capt Rufus Potter, active Feb 1776.


Diana.

ND4:68, 1479, RI sloop, 20 tons, Capt Jonathan Carpenter, owners John Innes Clark and Joseph Nightingale of Providence, bonded 28 Feb 1776 for a trip to New York in ballast.


Dianna.

ND4:1480, sloop, Capt John Home, RI to SC, 12 Apr 1776.


Diana.

ND4:1152, ND5:212, sloop, Capt and owner Jonathan/John Haddon, captured 15 Apr 1776 at Gravesend Bay by British Phoenix.


Diana.

ND11:129, American privateer schooner, Capt David Davis, captured by Br schooner Stagg, Capt Edward Barnes, and condemned at Antigua 18 Feb 1777.


Diana.

ND11:124-125, American schooner, Capt T. Packer, owner T. Adams of Boston, captured 1 Dec 1777 by British Cabot,


Diana.

JA5:309, Capt Ingersoll, allegiance not noted.


Diana.

Kaminkow:222, American vessel, Capt John Miller, captured before Dec 1779 by the British Levant, Bonetta, Griffin, with crew members to British prison.


Diana.

Allen:112-113, ten vessels of this name in MA are recorded for privateer cruises, 1779-1783. It is not clear how many separate vessels were involved. The first was a brigantine of 4 guns and 12 men under William Hayden 22 May 1779, owners Leonard Jarvis and others of Boston.


Diana.

Allen:112, MA privateer brigantine, 10 guns, 25 men, under Andrew Giddings 16 June 1779, owner William Foster.


Diana.

Mwhipple:40, 43, RI sloop belonging to John Brown which moved flour taken by the British and used as a tender for HMS Rose.


Diana.

Allen:113, MA privateer brigantine of 4 guns, 12 men, under Richard Chilcott 6 Mar 1780. This may be the same ship he took out with 10 guns and 30 men 20 Jan 1783, owners Leonard Jarvis and Joseph Russell of Boston.


Diana.

Allen:113, NR:267, LCP:66/67, LM MA privateer snow of 8 guns and 23 men, under William Herrick of Salem 19 Sep 1780, owner John Loviet of Beverly..


Diana.

NR:268, LCP:66/67, LM PA brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Henry Hawkins, Dec 1780.


Diana.

NR:268, LCP:64/65(Record 35) , LM NH brigantine, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Hugh Chisholm, Dec 1780. Capture:21, brigantine from Dover, master Hugh Chisholm, captured on its first cruise, 21 Jul 1781.


Diana.

NR:267-268, LCP66/67, LM NH ship, 10 guns, 50 men, Capt Thomas Manning, Sep 1780 (Record 30) and Capt Josiah Shackford, Dec 1780 (Record 33).


Diana.

NR:268, Allen:113, LCP:64/65(Record 610), LM MA brig, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt William Knapp, 17 Jan 1781.


Diana.

Mill:210, brig taken at St Eustatius, one person sent to Mill Prison. R81II:287, possibly the American privateer, 37 men, captured by British in 1781.


Diana.

Kaminkow:222, NR:267, C51, PA snow, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt Joy Castle, Dec 1779, a recapture by the British Alert before May 1780.


Diana.

Kaminkow:222, C95, American vessel, Capt of Marines William Downs of Philadelphia, captured, possibly Feb 1781, and on 23 Jul 1781 committed to Mill Prison.


Diana.

Howe:407, NR:268, Allen:113, LCP:66/67, Beverly, MA, LM schooner, 40 tons, 4 guns, 20 men, privateer, Capt Richard Lakeman in action 20 Aug 1781, owners Joseph Swazey and others of Beverly.


Diana.

Allen:113, LCP:64/65 (Record 110), Paine:455, Salem, MA, brigantine of 6 guns, 16 men, under Robert Barker of Salem, 12 Dec 1781.


Diana.

Allen:113, LCP:64/65(Record 569), C87, brigantine of 8 guns 18/25 men, under Robert Cushing of Boston, 20 Apr 1782, Capt Thorndike Deland in Aug 1782 (Record 79), captured by the British Perseverance, carried into New York 3 Sep 1782.


Diana.

R82II:376, American brig going to Havana, captured in 1782 by the British Fortunee.


Diana.

Allen:113, MA privateer ship of 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Richard Chilcott of Boston, Jan 1783. C58, same Captain in Mar 1780 with 4 guns, 12men.


Diana.

NR:269, CTP:71, CTN:213, LCP:64/65(Record 865), NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Capt Seth Harding, Oct 1782.


Dianne.

Benson:109, French frigate in de Grasse fleet destroyed by accident with all on board, 17 May 1781 or 1782.


Dichismo.

Spanish warship of the line, 70 guns, at Havana in 1779, and also there undergoing repair in 1782.


Dick.

ND1:1364, 1375, 200 tons, 18 men, Master Thomas Pearce, Annapolis to Liverpool with wheat, flour, boat boards, Jan 1775, then back to Annapolis with salt, bricks, and coal. It is possible this ship was American.


Dick Cole.

ND6:920, 1123, ND7:90, American sloop Capts John Seymour and Josiah Young, permitted to sail, VA to Bermuda, 8 Nov 1776. ND11:450, captured by British Diligence, Capt Thomas Davey, 1777.


Dick & John.

ND10:24, 24n, schooner, Capt Jehu Pain, captured by British Cerberus by 3 Oct 1777.


Dickinson.

Augur:86-87, ND3:1323, ND4:202, 1058, 1111, ND5:899,ND7:758, ND8:573, C207, PA Navy snow, Capt William Meston in Feb 1776. ND4:1029, FW2:265, DaviesX:263, 265, American ship bound for Nantz to get arms, seized by crew, which took her to Bristol, England, 8 Apr 1776.


Dickinson, 1 gun.

Maclay:76, PANavy:338, ND3:1323, ND4:1034, ND5:858, ND6:6, ND7:834, ND8:910, PA river galley, 1776-78. R76I:364, Capt John Rice in 1776, Capt Alexander Henderson, Capt Lauchlin McLean in 1777. Capt John Lawrence took the Dickinson to the British and took their allegiance. He was court-martialed for desertion and was to be hanged, but was reprieved on 1 Sep 1778. C200.


Dieppe.

SchV:60, French cutter, 16 guns, destroyed in 1779 by the squadron under Capt Sir J. Wallace, in Concale Bay.


Digby/Admiral Digby.

Allen:189, CTP:186, British privateer from New York, captured in Apr 1783 by the American Iris, when both were grounded at Cape Charles, but both were lost.


Diligence.

Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British armed schooner, captured 27 Dec 1776.


Diligence.

McM:439, British brig, prize of the Black Prince of Dunkirk, France, 1779. Kaminkow:222, this was a British vessel captured by the Black Princess, then recaptured by the British, with America crew members reaching British prison in July 1780.


Diligence.

DaviesXVII:267, BDXVII:267, British packet boat captured by Dec 1779, reported from Pensacola. ND4:553, this may be the accident at Pensacola and castaway as lost 28 Mar 1776.


Diligence.

Smith:61, Capture:22, merchant brig with West Indies cargo captured by the British about 17 Mar 1776 off Sandy Hook. ND4:237, ND6:1124, this may be the brigantine, Capt Alexander Robinson, owner Mr. Barnard, New Providence to Elizabeth, NJ, captured 17 Mar 1776 by HMS Phoenix, Asia, and sent to Halifax. She may have been refitted as the British Discovery.


Diligence.

Maclay:59, 60, MA armed sloop with 30 men under Jeremiah O’Brien captured 4 vessels in 1775.


Diligence.

Greenwood:4, Allen:114, ND7:95, 1121, 1187, MA Navy schooner, under Capt John Lambert, formerly HM schooner, helped capture a brig in 1776 at Fort Howe, N. S.


Diligence.

ND6:1124, brigantine, probably American, fall 1776. (This could be the brig noted above as captured at Fort Howe.)


Diligence.

Coggins:104, shown as a schooner in service 1775 - Oct 1776. (This may be the sloop shown above.)


Diligence.

Coggins:102, VANavy:157, ND8:1046, ND9:853, row galley of the VA Navy, Capt Johannes Watson, from May 1777 to 1780. Selby:255, Jefferson hoped to make the galley serviceable for the Chesapeake Eastern Shore in 1780.


Diligence.

PCOII:94, merchant brigantine purchased for public service by the Eastern Navy Board, Jul 1779, Lt Brown to become Commander. Possibly JA6:395.


Diligence.

Mwhipple:132, snow used in defence of Charlestown during its seige in 1780.


Diligent.

McMA:37, Rand:828-829, ND1:1108, 1149, 1214, 1212, ND3:1156, 1226, ND8:65, ND10:1204, British schooner, Capt John Knight, captured at Machias in July 1775 by the Machias Liberty, and placed in the MA Navy. Allen:113, MA State Navy schooner, 30 men, Aug 1775, Capt Jeremiah O’Brien; later 5 guns, 20 swivels, 50 men, ND5:932, ND6:1471, ND7:95, Capt John Lambert, Feb 1776, sold at auction 5 Nov 1776. C178.


Diligent.

SchV:43, Mc:122, British naval brig, 12 guns, 34 men, Capt Walbeoff, captured off Sandy Hook, NJ by privateers of the MA sloop Providence, Capt Hoysted Hacker, May 1779, and sold to MA Navy Board. GWA:702, SchV:56, Coggins:204, Smith:203-204, 213, Emmons:46/47, Continental Navy brig, 12 guns, 34 men, Capt Philip Brown, captured from the British in 1779, destroyed to prevent capture at Penobscot, 1779. C132. JA8:30, 59, possibly the vessel mentioned.


Diligent.

ND6:1433, ND7:289, ND9:840, British brig, Lt Edmund Dodd, captured by American Hope near Canso 28 Sep 1776. ND8:1033, lost on Gannet Rocks, Bay of Fundy 15 Jun 1777.


Diligent.

H:179, British sloop, taken by Americans in 1779.


Diligent/Delight.

ND5:986, CTN:10, MA schooner, Capt Duncan Campbell of Georgetown, Lincoln County, MA, Jul 1776.


Diligente.

ND8:859, ship, formerly Fortune, formerly Swallow, 1 May 1777. Pieter Van der Kaulen of Rotterdam sold his vessel la Fortune to ??? Brusand at L’Orient, who said the vessel was to be named la Diligente.


Diligente.

ND10:952, 953, French Navy frigate, 1777 from Brest, Capt Duchilleau de La Roche, at Fontchebleau 28 Oct 1777. It was stationed at Martinique, 1778/1779, at Grenada in 1779, demolished that year.


Diligente.

Comm:178-179, in de Grasse fleet of 1781, with crew listing, probably the flute in the West Indies battles of 1781. This could be the vessel shipwrecked 5 Feb 1782, at Puerto Cabello.


Diligente.

LG:491, 644, 655, small French frigate, 10 guns, scheduled to reinforce Admiral Suffren in India in 1782. R83I:302, at Madras, 1782.


Diligente.

Chevalier:142, corvette which took the news of the Grenade combat to France in July 1779. (This ship may be one of the following.)


Diligente.

JA9:39-40, Spanish ship of the line, 1780. SchIV:345, 353, 371, in Second Armada later very crazy and in bad condition. Beerman:265, in a 1780 Gibraltar operation. SchV:64, R80I:346, SchV:64, Beerman:265, warship, 70 guns, 700 men, captured 16 Jan 1780 off Ferrol at Cape San Vicente, Capt Antonio Abornoz, captured and sent to England by the British squadron under Sir G. B. Rodney.


Le Dillon.

ND8:796, ND9:560, ND10:15-16, French brigantine, Capt Le Fabre/Fevre, captured by American Fancy 26 Apr 1777, libelled 24 Aug 1777 in MA Middle District.


Dinah.

Capture:22, Force:5:III:1527, British brigantine captured by the schooner Hawke year probably 1776 but lost to recapture by the British Juno before landing.


Dinah.

DaviesX:422, ND7:65, British victualer, Capt Alexander Brown, captured by American Nancy, an American prize of 8 days from London, 1775/76, then recaptured by Br. Juno Nov 1776.


Diomede.

Lux:92, 93, 96, ship,


Discovery.

Howard:22, 25, CTN:48, CTP:275, 276, 277, ND5:121, 165, small sloop from CT commanded by Capt Samuel Smedley in 1776, used to capture and chase Tories to Long Island.


Discovery.

Allen:114, NR:269, LCP:66/67(Record 54), LM MA ship of 20 guns 80 men, under Francis Brown of New Haven CT, 2 Mar 1781. Owners were John Jarvis & Comp of Boston.


Disdain’s prize.

British vessel, captured by American privateer Disdain, recaptured by the British Sep 1781 and part of prize crew sent to Mill Prison.


Disdain.

Allen:114, NR:269, LCP:66/67(Record 378), Kaminkow:222, MA schooner, 4 guns, 15 men, Capt Stephen Hall of Boston, 7 Jul 1781, captured in Jan 1782 by the British. C134.


Divina Providentia.

R80I:345, Spanish merchant ship taken by the British, Jan 1780.


Dixy Bull/Disdain.

Mill:212, Paine:455, LCP:66/67 (Record 371), MA LM privateer ship, 20 guns, 100 men, Capt William Patterson 13 Jun 1781, whose prize was taken Sep 1781, and two persons sent to Mill Prison. Allen:114, the Disdain itself under William Patterson of Salem was captured after Jul 1781 and crew taken to Mill Prison in 1782. Kamenkow:222, captured Jan 1781. C235.


Dispatch and Despatch are combined.


Dispatch.

ND7:256, 285, British brig, Capt N. Sargeant, captured by Americans, recaptured by British Galatea, 1776.


Dispatch.

DaviesX:386, schooner in British service taken by American privateer, Aug 1776.


Dispatch.

Clark:I:59, McMA:42, ND6:1455, British schooner, Lt John Goodridge, 8 guns, captured 13 June 1776 by the Tyrannicide, recaptured by British Hope and Diligent. ND6:122, 279, 377, 1030, ND7:15, ND10:1204, British 8 gun schooner, Capt John Goodridge, 90 tons, Halifax to New York, captured 5 Sep 1776 by Tyrannicide, Capt John Fiske. C109.


Dispatch.

ND5:508, 596, British or Tory sloop, 45 tons, sold at auction, 13 Jun 1776, Boston or Salem. (It is possible this was an American vessel, just being sold at auction, though it was listed with a known prize.)


Dispatch.

R77:514, ND10:1054, 1065, ND11:870, British brig, Capt Emanuel Le Geyte, Newfoundland to a market, 3 Dec 1777, captured by the American Revenge.


Dispatch.

Mc:109, Neeser:152, British brig, prize of the Revenge of Dunkirk, France, captured May 1778 and sent to Corunna, Spain. (This may have been the vessel under Capt Darby.) Possibly JA5:214.


Dispatch.

DaviesXIII:288, British schooner in Miss. River, captured and plundered by Americans under Lt James Willing, 24 Mar1778.


Dispatch.

McM:31, CTP:220-222, British sloop, Capt Adam Walbury, captured near Blue Point, Long Island, by CT schooner Suffolk, 5 Jun 1778, and libeled at New Haven, 6 Jul 1778. C86.


Dispatch.

SchV:47, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt J. Botham, upset in the Gulf of St Lawrence in 1778, crew perished.


Despatch.

NLHS:I:IV:33, British sloop, 50 tons, 8 swivels, captured by CT privateer American Revenue and Revenge in Apr 1779 and sold at New London in June 1779. Possibly CTP:178/


Dispatch.

McPA:305, British sloop, Jamaica to New York, captured in Aug 1780 by three American privateers, .


Dispatch.

CTP:132, CTP:178, British victualler sloop, Capt William Hingston, captured in Long Island Sound by CT boat Hornet and CT Prudence. C165, 299.


Dispatch.

McM:49, CTP:150, CTRev:603, British brig, Capt John Scott, captured by CT brigantine Marquis de Lafayette and CT Hunter, Jul 1781.


Dispatch.

Force:5:III:1523, ND5:1183, ND6:102, Cont. brig, formerly Little Hannah, Capt Peter Parker, Philadelphia to France, captured 21 Jul 1776 by British Orpheus, Capt Charles Hudson. C232.


Despatch/Dispatch.

Maclay:74, PA brig captured a vessel in 1776 to obtain arms.


Dispatch/Despatch.

Howe:429, Allen:115, ND5:1286, 1288, MA LM ship, 250 tons, under Stephen Cleveland in 1776. It was the former British ship Hannah. ND10:748, 880, called a Continental brig/packet in 1777. ND5:1288, brig, ND6:970, ND9:957, ND10:748, Capt Stephen Cleveland, sailed from Salem 22 Sep 1776, then was at Boston 24 Sep 1777. C52.


Dispatch.

ND10:410, 410n, brig, Capt Thomas Tucker, Sr, c 1777.


Dispatch.

Robertson(1959):146, schooner of VA, captured by British in Sep 1777 and taken to Jamaica. ND11:451, VA schooner loaded with corn, flour, etc, captured by British Aeolus, Capt Chris Atkins, 1777. Possibly JA6:122, 397.


Dispatch.

Eller:321, Bermuda merchantman, belonging to St John Tucker, Sr of Bermuda, chartered by his son St John Tucker, Jr, of Williamsburg, VA, for West Indies trade, moved salt, tobacco, and indigo. Possibly JA6:243.


Dispatch.

R77:232, American vessel, Capt Nathaniel Fair, from Boston, captured by British, 1777.


Dispatch.

R77:234, ND8:1059, American ship, Capt Richard Collings Harding, from Boston, captured by British Merlin, 19 Apr 1777.


Dispatch.

R77:235, ND8:1061, American ship, Capt John Hutchins, from Maryland, captured by British Galatea, 12 Mar 1777.


Dispatch.

ND8:117, 1054, American sloop, Capt Nathaniel Thayer, captured 4 Feb 1777 by British Brune.


Dispatch.

ND8:793, 863, ?American brig, Capt Regan, captured by ?British Freedom, and arrived in Cork 28 Apr 1777.


Dispatch.

NR:270, LCP:66/67, LM MD sloop, 4 guns, 6 men, Capt Clement Harrison, Dec 1778, Capt John Frazier, Mar 1779 (Record 23), and Capt Thomas Walker, Jun 1779 and Jan 1780.


Dispatch/Despatch.

Said to be a Continental Navy small packet obtained in 1778. Allen:115, MA brigantine of 4 guns and 6 swivels and 11 men under John Browne 2 Apr 1778, owner USA. ND11:564, 287, 376, 842, shown as a Cont. packet brigantine under Capt John Brown, 1778. Possibly JA6:305. JA7:237, the only Cont. vessel mentioned in 1779.


Dispatch.

Allen:115, MA sloop of 2 guns, 12 men under Capt Silvanus Coleman 20 Aug 1779, owner Benjamin Blyth.


Dispatch.

Allen:115, MA brigantine of 14 guns, 30 men under Capt James Thompson, 26 Jul 1780, owners James Swan and others.


Dispatch.

Allen:115, NR:270, LCP:66/67(Record 277), MA LM brigantine of 8 guns 12 men, under Capt Daniel Jacobs of Boston 22 Sep 1780.


Dispatch.

Allen:116, MA schooner of 30 tons, 8 guns, 25 men, under Capt Silas Smith, 28 Nov 1781.


Dispatch.

Allen:116, Paine:455, NR:271, LCP:66/67(Record 572), MA LM ship of 10 guns, 60 men, under Capt John Felt of Salem 9 Apr 1782.


Dispatch.

Allen:116, NR:271, MA LM sloop of 4 guns, 14 men under Capt John Burke of Boston, Nov 1782.


Dispatch.

NR:270, LCP:66/67(Record 572), LM NH ship, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Nathan Nichols, Nov 1781.


Dispatch.

Capture:24, privateer schooner captured at false LaHave, N. S., year not stated. Capture:39, this is probably the privateer which captured the Harriet in 1782.


Despatch.

McM:233, MA ship, 1782.


Despatch.

C293, MD schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Tobias Emerson Stansbury, Dec 1782. JA7:15, an American schooner was mentioned in 1779.


Dispenser.

CTRec:604, CT privateer brig, 16 guns, 100 men, Capt N. Saltonstall.


Doctor.

Buel:300, ND8:779, this may be the privateer, Le Doctor Franklin, which carried three prizes into Bayonne, France 12 Apr 1777, also invoice of 30 Jan 1779, when this ship was on the account of Basmarein & Raimbeaux.


Doctor’s Box.

ND1:322, ND2:1373, American schooner, captured 12 May 1775 with cargo of fish by HM sloop Falcon, Capt John Linzer, condemned and sold in Boston.


D of Richmond.

ND2:395, ??? ship, Capt Rob Love, probably British, paid fees at Oxford, MD, Sep 1775.


Dogger.

SchV:67, Dutch ship of war, 18 guns, blown up in 1781 in action with the British sloop Cameleon.


Dognasseau.

SchV:52, French privateer, 30 guns 240 men, captured in 1780 in the Bay of Biscay by the British Alexander.


Dolly.

British schooner, captured in Dec 1782 by MA privateer galley Anti-Smuggler.


Dolly #10.

ND6:1164, American schooner, Capt William Worth, sunk in Baltimore Harbor by Alarm to close it, 1776, had lost part of its equipment. Ford1775:445, schooner, possibly this one.


Dolly.

ND9:296, ND11:124-125, American schooner from Newburyport, captured and libelled by British Victor, 19 Jul 1777.


Dolly.

ND9:104, American sloop captured by British Portland, 12 June 1777.

Dolly.

Allen:116, NR:271, LCP:66/67, MA LM brigantine of 6 guns, 10 men under Capt Edward Davis of Boston, 10 Jul 1782. R82II:376, captured going to Boston by British in 1782.


Dolly Henry.

VANavy:163, sloop in 1778 in VA Navy, Capt Samuel Healy.


Los Dolores.

Beerman:271, Chevalier:340, SchV:65, Spanish floating battery, 10 guns, destroyed during the 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar. It had been commanded by a French officer.


Dolphin.

ND1:352, 1369, 1378, ND3:1367, probably American brig, 120 tons, 8 men, Capt James Scott, active in 1775, Annapolis to Bristol with corn, wheat, flour, staves, & Pearl Ash. Capt Scott made non-British declaration April 1775 when arriving in Baltimore from Boston.


Dolphin.

ND1:1371, ??? schooner, 35 tons, 4 men, Capt Thomas Hall, probably British, active in 1775, Annapolis to Barbados, with typical cargo for trade.


Dolphin.

ND1:1363, ??? schooner, 60 tons, 3 men, Capt Henry Killain/Killam, probably British, active in 1775, Annapolis to St Vincents with fish, corn, flour, and staves. (This is typical American cargo.)


Dolphin.

ND1:1366, ??? schooner, 45 tons, 6 men, Capt Joseph Proctor, probably British, active in 1775, Annapolis to Cadiz, with wheat.


Dolphin.

ND1:1385, ??? schooner, 35 tons, 5 men, Capt Thomas Thett, from the Grenades, rum and citrus, probably British, active in 1775 to Annapolis.


Dolphin.

ND2:1354, ??? schooner, 30 tons, Capt Robert Hosea, probably British, active 1775, Roanoke to Cape Nicholas Mole, with livestock and lumber.


Dolphin.

ND2:226, 301, ND4:1303, British or Tory brigantine, 100 tons, Capt William Wallis/Wallace, Quebec to St Eustatia, captured at Thatcher’s Island by local militia, Sep 1775, libeled in MA Apr 1776.


Dolphin.

ND3:1183, 1276, 1301, British schooner, prize of Col James Cargill of MA, late 1775, probably libelled Feb 1776.


Dolphin.

ND3:1367, brig, 120 tons, 9 men, probably British, Capt James Scott, enters Baltimore from Boston in ballast, 17 Apr 1775.


Dolphin.

ND7:1186, British schooner, Capt Thomas Ogden, captured 26 Dec 1776.


Dolphin.

Morison:135, British brigantine, with flax, Ostend to Wexford, captured and scuttled by Capt John Paul Jones in the Ranger, 14 Apr 1777.


Dolphin.

ND4:498, 1175, British/Tory sloop, Capt Lot Norton, 80 tons, captured and libeled in MA 20 Apr 1776.


Dolphin.

ND5:1021, 1135, brigantine, Capt Hector McAlester, probably British with Lord Dunmore, active mid 1776.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British sloop, Capt Carleton/Charlton, captured 26 Dec 1776.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1528, ND7:810, British armed schooner/brigantine, Capt Dennison, captured 26 Dec 1776.


Dolphin.

GWNavy:15, British or Tory vessel captured by Gloucester fishermen. ND7:712, possibly the vessel mentioned.


Dolphin.

CTN:31, ND10:630, 631, British sloop, 80 tons, captured 10 Sep 1777, by the CT Navy Spy, Capt Robert Niles, converted to CT service.


Dolphin.

McMA:34, Hearn:220, 237, ND10:414-5, British brigantine, 120 tons, Capt John Shield, Barbados to Newfoundland, captured 1 Oct 1777 by the Lee, Capt Skimmer, libelled in MA Middle District. Possibly JA6:134, 175.


Dolphin.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Polberg, captured on the Banks of Newfoundland, 1777. ND10:354, 414-15, one or two vessels libelled in 1777 in MA Middle District.


Dolphin.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Sewell, London to the Bay of Honduras, 1777.


Dolphin.

ND10:354, probably British schooner, Capt Oliver White, captured by the Patty, libelled 25 Nov 1777, libelled in MA Middle District.


Dolphin/Polly.

CTN:141, British or Tory sloop, Capt Thomas Rogers, captured in 1777 by the CT Navy Schuyler. Owner was John Williams of Oyster Bay. Lt John Jones brought the price into Norwalk, CT, for libel proceedings.


Dolphin.

ND10:354, 1001, possibly British brigantine, Capt Postbury/Potbury, captured by the Speedwell by 1777.


Dolphin.

ND10:353, brigantine, Capt John Shield, captured by American Lee 27 Oct 1777.


Dolphin.

ND11:407, British schooner, Capt Jeremiah Allen, captured by MA privateer Blackbird, owner Edward Norris of Salem, libeled Feb 1778.


Dolphin.

CTP:83, British schooner, Capt John Stanton, captured in Oct 1779 by CT schooner Experiment, Capt Nathan Sage. C268.


Dolphin.

McM:100, Mwhipple:121, British privateer brigantine, 12 guns, master John Redmond of St Augustine, taken by American Providence, Capt Abraham Whipple 5 Dec 1779.


Dolphin.

CTP:63, 247, C286, C309, British privateer sloop, Capt David Hunter, from St Kitts, captured by CT schooner Bunker Hill, Capt John Smith or by Capt Sanford Thompson, 14 Apr 1780. CTP:247, British privateer, 10 guns, 21 men, from St Kitts, Capt David Hunter, captured 14 Apr 1780 by CT schooner Young Cromwell. .


Dolphin.

CTP:233, British schooner, 40 tons, fuel for British Army, captured 19 Jan 1781 by CT armed boat True Blue.


Dolphin.

Appeals Case 91/92, British schooner, 45 tons, captured in Dec 1782 by NJ privateer Greyhound, Capt Nathan Jackson.


Dolphin.

ND10:1209, British shallop, Capt Eldridge, 12 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by the Swallow, 14 Aug 1782.


Dolphin.

ND10:1209, British schooner, Capt George Haliburton, 40 tons, Nova Scotia, taken by the MA privateer schooners Race Horse and Lord Stirling, May 1782, probably tried 12 Jun 1782.


Dolphin.

ND10:1209, British schooner, Capt Elisha Hopkins, 40 tons, Liverpool, N. S. to Bermuda, taken by the MA privateer ship General Green, 20 Aug 1782.


Dolphin.

CTP:103, British sloop, 80 tons, fuel and provisions for British, Capt John Thorne, Jr, captured 19 Dec 1782, Huntington Harbor, Long Island, by CT sloop Governor Clinton, Capt Seth Overton. C228.


Dolphin.

McM:39, British schooner, captured by CT vessel, 1782. CTP:223, British schooner, Capt Abraham Fordham, British merchandise, captured in Great South Bay by CT vessel, sometimes reported as schooner Suffolk, 2 Aug 1782, and brought into New Haven. C86.


Dolphin.

ND3:1369, ND4:1207, brig, probably American, Capt Thomas Kell, enters Baltimore from Grenada, 16 Oct 1775, and made non-British declaration. Capt Thomas Kell resigned and Capt Duncan Hill assumed command, 22 Apr 1776. ND5:288, 320, schooner, Capts, Duncan Hill and Thomas Kell, active mid 1776.


Dolphin.

ND3:1257, sloop, Congress approved loading supplies on 13 Feb 1775.


Dolphin.

ND2:1098, 1217, 1316, Allen:116, MA privateer schooner, 17 tons, commissioned under Richard Masury 7 Dec 1775. It captured the sloop Dispatch, 45 tons, the sloop Success, 70 tons, and the schooner Friendship, 60 tons. Only the Success is identified in Admiralty Court records.


Dolphin.

Appeals Cases 91/92, schooner owned in New York City, captured by Capt Jackson, but previously taken by Joseph Wayland, Capt of barge Revenge.


Dolphin.

Robertson(1959):104, Toth:171, 175, schooner of Charleston, SC, Capt William Luce, captured by British HMS Southampton in 1776 and taken to Jamaica. Letters to members of Capt Luce’s family were captured.


Dolphin.

ND3:1272, ND4:1376, ND11:127, Philadelphia brig, Capt Hugh Smith, captured in Windward Islands, by Esq. Bernie Entwile, searcher, and HM sloop Pomona, Capt William Young, on 12 Feb1776, condemned 12 Mar 1776 at Antigua.


Dolphin.

ND3:50, American schooner from Salem, MA, 17 tons, Capt Richard Masury, commissioned 15 Dec 1775. ND4:667, schooner, Capt Richard Masury, sailed from Boston to Annapolis Royal 5 Apr 1776. ND5:596, schooner, Capt Richard Masury, MA privateer vessel placed on private auction 18 June 1776.


Dolphin.

ND3:838, ND4:239, PA brig, Capt and owner John Proule/Prole, allowed and paid by Cont. Congress to take PA produce to West Indies to exchange for gunpowder and ammunition, Jan 1776.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1524, American vessel, master and owner John Campbell, Falmouth to Hispaniola, captured 1776 by the British Unicorn.


Dolphin.

ND3:1027, ND4:517, schooner from NC, Capt Edward Manning, captured 28 Jan 1776 in West Indies by British Maidstone, Capt Alan Gardner.


Dolphin.

ND4:467, sloop, St Eustatius to Virginia, Capt Smith, John Dixon, Jr, merchant on board, owner Abraham Van Bibber, Mar 1776.


Dolphin.

ND4:451, sloop, Capt Ernest Sherman, from New Haven to West Indies, captured by HMS Rose, 22 Mar 1776.


Dolphin.

ND4:597, ??? sloop, Capt T. Burgess, probably American, destroyed off Cape Henlopen 28 Mar 1776.


Dolphin.

Sloop, Ford1776:130, Ford1779:1341, continuing litigation in 1788-89.


Dolphin.

ND4:1168, 1207, MD schooner, Capt Duncan Hill replacing Capt Kell, Apr 1776. This schooner had made trips to the West Indies for gunpowder.


Dolphin.

ND4:1303, brigantine, libelled against by Stakes 29 Apr 1776.


Dolphin.

ND4:1218, American schooner, Capt William Knox, captured by HMS Roebuck, 22 Apr 1776.


Dolphin.

ND4:1363, schooner, Capt T. Woodhouse, captured by HMS Roebuck, 2 Apr 1776.


Dolphin.

ND5:331, schooner from GA, Capt Abraham Nowel, captured 9 Apr 1776 off Dominica by British Argo.


Dolphin.

ND5:330, 1252, GA sloop, captured 2 Mar 1776 at Dominica by British Argo, sent to Roseau, Dominica for trial, condemned and sold.


Dolphin.

ND5:647, American schooner, Capt Tyrie, John Wilcocks, permission in Apr 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.


Dolphin.

ND5:647, American schooner, Capt Swift, owner John Pringle, pass in Apr 1776 and in June 1776 to go down Delaware River and Bay.


Dolphin.

ND6:1171, schooner, Capt John Cole, when captured by British Winchelsea 25 Sep 1776.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1526, ND6:806, 1357, American schooner, master John Parker, Philadelphia to Bermuda, captured 31 Mar 1776 by British Galatea.


Dolphin.

ND6:868, 1125, schooner, captured by British Otter 17 June 1776. Capture:24, schooner headed to Martinique, captured 17 June 1776 off Cape Charles in VA. ND6:868, 1125, American schooner captured by Otter, fall 1776; but this seems to be a different vessel.


Dolphin.

ND6:997, 1170, sloop, captured by British Maidstone 18 Sep 1776.


Dolphin.

Capture:23, merchant brig headed to West Indies, captured 19 Nov 1776 near George’s Bank.


Dolphin.

ND6:1347, ND7:3, 301, brig, Capt Johnson, bound for Lisbon 31 Oct 1776.


Dolphin.

Allen:116, ND6:797, 1296, MA privateer schooner, 8 swivels, 25 men, under Samuel Waters 13 Aug 1776. ND7:1127, This must be the same schooner of 8 swivels, 25 men under John Leach in 30 Sep 1776. Owners were Joseph Sprague and Samuel Ward. C235.


Dolphin.

Coggins:106, Smith:265, MD State schooner. Maclay:62, 63, 71, this may be the privately armed schooner of 8 guns and 25 men which captured a brig in 1776. ND5:288, 320, schooner, Capt Duncan Hill, blocked by British May 1776. ND6:797, 1449, ND8:974, Capt William Patterson, Oct 1776.


Dolphin.

ND11:449, American sloop, Capt John Field, captured by British Badger, Capt Charles H. Everitt, 1776.


Dolphin.

ND6:185, ND7:1158, brig, Capt Moore, active 1776 with cargo listings.


Dolphin.

ND6:1171, American schooner, Capt John Cole, captured in fall 1776 by British Winchelsea.


Dolphin.

ND6:806, 1357, American schooner, Capt John Parker, captured by British Galatea, fall, 1776.


Dolphin.

ND7:810, probably American sloop, Capt Carleton, arrives at Bordeaux 22 Oct 1776. A ship under Capt Carleton is shown taken by rebels 26 Dec 1776.


Dolphin.

ND7:139, MA privateer schooner, Capt John Leech, captures British Sally, 14 Nov 1776.


Dolphin.

Allen:40, 116-117, Paine:455, MA privateer schooner from Salem, 17 tons, Capt Richard Masury, Dec 1775. ND6:179, 1001, this may be the schooner, with 8 swivels, 25 men, Capt Samuel Waters, Aug 1776 and the schooner of 8 swivels, 25 men, Capt John Leach in Sep 1776. Paine:455, shows a single schooner, commanded at different times by Captains David Ropes, William Gray, Greag Powers, David Felt, Jr, and Frank Benson. . Howe:408, LCP:68/69, Beverly, MA, schooner, 40 tons, 6 guns, 35 men, privateer, reported wrecked under Gregory Powers of Salem on Cape Sable, 12 Aug 1782.


Dolphin.

American sloop, Capt John Field, captured in Jan 1777 by British Badger.


Dolphin.

ND7:315, schooner, renamed Frank, Capt Sylvanus Waterman, sailed for Hispanolia 19 Feb 1777.


Dolphin.

ND3:1257, American sloop, Capt/owner Stacey Hepburn, requesting to go to West Indies from Philadelphia to Hispaniola for salt, Feb 1777.


Dolphin.

ND7:1218, MA sloop, Capt Stephen Fish, owner Samuel Starbuck, permit to go to Hispanolia, 19 Feb 1777.


Dolphin.

R77:231, ND8:1054, American sloop, Capts William Beard and Jonathan Clark, from Madeira, captured and burned by British Emerald, 13 Mar 1777.


Dolphin.

ND8:707, brig, probably American, friend of colonies, 24 Mar 1777.


Dolphin.

ND8:393, 1056, schooner, Capt William Raddon, captured by British Roebuck, 5 Apr 1777.


Dolphin.

ND8:325, sloop, master’s bond, Capt Caleb Green, to sail to St Croix, 12 Apr 1777.


Dolphin.

ND8:829, packet, probably American, off Gulf of Goree 7 May 1777.


Dolphin.

American schooner, captured May 1777 by British Comet (Aeolus.) Also reported in June 1777.


Dolphin.

ND9:406, ship, Capt D. Monks, with Cont. squadron 18 June 1777.


Dolphin.

ND9:753, 765, 853, sloop, Capt Mason, sailed to Jamaica with ship Mary 18 Aug 1777.


Dolphin.

ND10:1210, schooner, Capt Bernard, probably American, active in 1777.


Dolphin.

ND10:499, schooner, Capt Daniel Ryder, captured in 1777 by British Lady Parker.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, ND10:32, 89, 354, 355n, ND11:148, 184-185, MA privateer schooner, 10 guns, 60 men, under Edward Fettyplace, Jr from 26 May 1777, captured by British Milford. It captured British vessels Diana, Edward, Fanny, Salisbury, Wilson, and helped capture the Betsey, before it was itself captured by the Milford, on the coast of Nova Scotia, 4 Oct 1777. Crewmen are listed in MAS. Owners were Samuel R. Gerry and others of Marblehead.


Dolphin.

ND10:365, 365n, 398, MD navy schooner, Capt William Patterson, and Capt Richard Coward, captured the British Grace.


Dolphin.

Eller:153-56, dispatch cutter, furnished by British in a plot to capture Lambert Wickes in the Reprisal, tried to sail in Sep 1777, under Capt Brown, but was sent back to St. Malo to be interned.


Dolphin.

McM:456, M:103, Continental sloop.


Dolphin.

ND10:818, ND11:453, MA schooner, Capt Babson of Gloucester, loaded with fish & lumber, captured by Daphne’s tender, the Aeolus, Capt Chris Adkins, 27 Dec 1777. ND11:451, American schooner, possibly the same vessel, loaded with dry goods, captured by British Aeolus, Capt Chris Atkins, 1777.


Dolphin.

ND10:722, sloop, condemned at Dominica and captured by British Argo, 18 Mar 1776.


Dolphin.

ND10:939, SC vessel, Capt Wentworth, captured by the British Levant, c 1777.


Dolphin.

ND11:127, American schooner, Capt Andrew McKenzie, captured by British Portland, Capt Thomas Dumaresq, condemned 12 May 1777 at Antigua.


Dolphin.

ND11:127, American brig, Capt Hugh Smith, captured by 12 Mar 1776 by British Bertie Entwisle.


Dolphin.

ND11:450, American sloop, captured by British Diligence, Capt Thomas Davey, 1777.


Dolphin.

ND11:451, American brig from Boston, loaded with fish and lumber, captured by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley, 1777.


Dolphin.

Capture:23-24, ND11:124-125, fishing schooner, master Joseph Clark, from Piscataqua, captured 21 Jul 1777 by British Hope.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1525, American vessel, T. Burgess, master, Dartmouth to Philadelphia, captured and destroyed off Cape Hinlopen by British Roebuck.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1525, American vessel, master William Knox, Philadelphia to St. Eustatius, captured 1776 by British Roebuck.


Dolphin.

Force:5:III:1525, ND11:125, American schooner, master Thomas Woodhouse, Philadelphia to St Croix, captured in 1776 by British Roebuck, Capt Andrew Snaip Hammond, and condemned at Antigua 19 Jul 1776.


Dolphin.

Robertson(1959):63, Toth:174, schooner of Boston, MA, took on a cargo at Montego Bay, Jamaica, in 1777, and may have been captured soon afterwards by British. DaviesXIII:2442, American privateer captured.


Dolphin, 10 guns, Cape Cod to Barbados, 1777.

GWA:701, Smith:135-138, Continental Navy Cutter. Smith:135, Coggins:204, this cutter was originally named the Rochefort, purchased by Capt Samuel Nicholson and renamed Dolphin.. Malo:943, Johnston:359, ND11:876, 1110, this may be the Continental cutter, 10 guns in use off Ireland, 1777, Capt Francis Brown. Emmons:42/43, ND8:848, ND9:461, American cutter, Capt Samuel Nicholson, helped the brig Lexington capture 14 vessels in 5 days. Captures incl Betsey, Crawford, Edward, etc. Emmons:2, its fate not listed. ND6:476, Capt Miller, captured St Peter 15 Jul 1776. France was still neutral, so the British seized the cutter and took it to Dover. There a British step-brother of Lambert Wickes was able to buy the cutter, and take her back to France as the second ten-gun Dolphin.) Williamson:161, vessel with MD Capt Lambert Wickes, who captured 18 vessels in the Irish sea. When MD sold off her vessels in 1779 because she could not man them, one which was retained was the schooner Dolphin, which had been purchased June/July 1776.


Dolphin.

ND11:648, MD Navy Schooner, Capt David Bryan, active Mar 1778.


Dolphin.

ND11:1029, MA privateer schooner, Capt John Leach, with help from the MA Cutter, in Feb 1778 captured the British Neptune, Capt Wallace.


Dolphin.

ND10:171, CT Navy sloop, Capt Robert Niles, received new mast 15 Oct 1777. ND11:436, 660, CT state trading sloop, Capt Robert Niles, reported in 1778 on a trading trip to West Indies in Feb 1778. C222, ND10:171, C222, CT sloop, Capt Robert Niles, Oct 1777, captured in the summer of 1778, Capt Niles going to Forton Prison.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, MA privateer schooner, 2 guns, 10 swivels, 30 men, under Capt John Carrick 28 Aug 1778, owners Joseph Sprague and Henry Rust of Salem..


Dolphin.

DaviesXIII:399, American vessel captured in Dutch waters at Surinam, June 1778, by British Capt J. J. Van Hoey.


Dolphin.

NR:271, LCP:68/69(Record 688), LM CT sloop, Capt Ezekiel Gorham, Jan 1778.


Dolphin.

ND11:1127, Boston sloop, Capt Henry Aker, entered Bay of Cadiz, Jan 1778.


Dolphin.

ND11:321, American sloop, Boston to St Eustatius, Capt J. Miles, captured in Feb 1778 by British Experiment and was ordered into New York, but was lost in a gale on Long Island.


Dolphin.

ND11:757, 758, MA trading brigantine, Capt Israel Turner, formerly King George, active in early 1778. Kaminkow:222, C318, MD privateer Capt Israel Turner, captured before Aug 1779 by the British Peace & Plenty.


Dolphin.

CTP:72, CT privateer schooner, Capt Thomas Hender, captured one vessel in Aug 1778.


Dolphin.

NR:271, LCP:68/69, LM MD sloop, 2 guns, 10 men, Capt Joseph Dashiell, Aug 1778.


Dolphin.

NR:271, LCP:68/69, LM MD schooner, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt Benjamin Allen, Nov 1778.


Dolphin.

Coggins:106, C126, MD Navy barge built by Sep 1778, MD Navy Commodore Thomas Grason. Eller:235, the record seems to be for a boat, not a barge; but it operated with the barges.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, MA privateer schooner, 8 guns 20 men, Capt Nathaniel Harding, Apr 1779.


Dolphin.

Smith:207, McMA:96, transport sloop, Capt Kent, used in Penobscot Expedition, Jun/Jul 1779.


Dolphin.

NR:272, CTP:72, LCP:68/69(Record 472), LM CT schooner, 8 guns 20 men, Capt Edward Latham, Dec 1779.


Dolphin.

FordXV:1341, RI private sloop of war, Capt Isaac Tyler, which captured the schooner Betsey, Yarmouth to Boston, owners Zechariah Foot, David Corning, and Ebenezer Corning, and got her condemned then was ordered to pay her cargo and apparel.


Dolphin.

NLHS:I:IV:28, CTRec:604, CT privateer sloop, 10 guns, 15 men, Capt Azariah Burnham.

NR:271-272, CTP:71-72, LCP:68/69, LM CT sloop, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt Joseph Smith, Jul 1779 (Record 767); Capt Ashbell Burnham, 15 Nov 1779 (Record 735). Capture:23, schooner of Gloucester, master Aaron Burnham, captured between Apr and May 1779. (It is possible the three Capt Burnhams are different people on different vessels.)


Dolphin.

Appeals:xxxix, 162:11:91-92, in case of Jackson vs the Dolphin, with Forman as claimant.


Dolphin.

VANavy:151, boat in 1779 in VA Navy, sank with all on board in 1779 off Cape Henry after a fight with three British tenders. Coggins:102, armed boat of the VA Navy, 1779, Capt James Maxwell and Capt John Cowper. Dandridge:186 shows it as a brig.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 20 men, under Capt Nathaniel Harding 30 Apr 1779.


Dolphin.

Capture:24, privateer schooner captured at false LaHave, N. S.


Dolphin.

Capture:23, schooner from Dominica to Marblehead, master John Collyer, taken at Halifax, 1780.


Dolphin.

Howe:323, there were 24 privateers with the Dolphin name. Allen:116-119, 21 of the cruises of MA privateers carried the name. Robertson(1979):104fn, ten ships of this name were captured by British and carried into Jamaica.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 30 men, Capt Benjamin Hammond, 13 Mar 1780, owner Joseph Grafton of Salem.


Dolphin.

Allen:117, MA privateer schooner, 100 tons, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt David Ingersoll, 19 May 1780.


Dolphin.

NR:272, LCP:66/67, LM PA boat, 1 gun 14 men, Capt Joshua Studson, Aug 1780.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, MA privateer brigantine of 90 tons, 8 guns, and 20 men under Capt Abner Parret 28 Aug 1780.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, NR:272, LCP:68/69(Record 46), LM MA privateer schooner 8 guns, 20 men under David Ropes of Salem 9 Sep 1780.


Dolphin.

Allen:118-119, LCP:68/69(Record 233), MA privateer sloop of 9 guns, 40 men, under Capt John G. Scranton of Boston 29 Nov 1780.


Dolphin.

JA10:75, American merchant ship, 1780.


Dolphin.

VANavy:153, brig used in VA Navy, Capt Thomas Lilly. VANavy:165, this may be the privateer with 10 carriage guns and 40 men, Capt Henry Banks, in operation in 1781.


Dolphin.

Appeals Case 87, schooner, Capt George Hardwick, captured by British c 1781 and taken to St Thomas.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, LCP:68/69(Record 108), MA privateer schooner of 6 guns, 20 men, under William Gray of Salem 12 Dec 1781.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, LCP:68/69(Record 472), MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 35 men, under Joseph Knowlton of Beverly 14 Jul 1781.


Dolphin.

M880:3, schooner, Capt Joseph Halladay, used in support of Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Dolphin.

M880:3, schooner, Capt James, supported Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Dolphin.

NR:273, LCP:68/69(Record 833), CTP:72, CTRec 604, NLHS:I:IV:28, LM CT sloop, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt Isaac Phelps of Hartford, 16 Oct 1781.


Dolphin.

NR:273, LCP:66/67(Record 1085), LM PA brigantine, 4 guns 10 men, Capt John Brice, Nov 1781.


Dolphin.

NR:273, LCP:66/67, LM VA brig, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Madett Engs, Nov 1781.


Dolphin.

Kaminkow:222, R82I:238, MD or VA privateer, Capt William Middleton, taken May 1781, and Capt Middleton arrived at Forton Prison 24 May 1781.


Dolphin.

SchIV:373, Dutch warship, 24 guns, Capt C. H. Mulder, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781.


Dolphin.

Robertson(1979):179, ten ships of this name were litigated in the Vice-Admiralty Court of Port Royal, Kingston, Jamaica, during the war.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, LCP:66/67, MA privateer brigantine of 8 guns and 25 men under Capt Samuel Babson of Cape Anne 4 Apr 1782 (Record 586), and this may have been the same vessel under Capt Benjamin Baker (Record 62), 10 Sep 1782. Allen:119, MA privateer brigantine of 4 guns and 16 men, operating under Benjamin Baker of Boston in Sep 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:118-119, schooner, 30 tons, 6 carriage guns, 25 men, Capt Gregory Powars, commissioned 16 Apr 1782, attacked a lumber vessel of 250 tons and captured her and sent her into Boston. The Dolphin was lost on Cape Sables, but the men were saved and got back into Boston in Aug 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:119, LCP:66/67(Record 532), MA privateer boat of 10 men, underCapt Jabez Meigs of Plymouth in operation 8 May 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:119, LCP:68/69, MA schooner of 8 guns and 18 men under Capt William Chaple of Salem in operation 25 May 1782.


Dolphin.

NR:272, LCP:68/69, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 11men, Capt John Walsh, Jun 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:119, LCP:68/69(Record 80), MA schooner of 8 guns and 18 men under Capt Francis Benson of Salem 13 Aug 1782.


Dolphin.

NR:273, LCP:68/69(Record 725), McPA274/275, M:274, LM PA ship, Capt James Forbes, 10 guns, 43 men, 268 tons, took part in 1782 Spanish/American capture of Nassau of the Bahamas.


Dolphin.

NR:274, LCP:68/69(Record 923), LM PA sloop, 6 guns, 12 men, Capt Jacob DeHart, Mar 1782.


Dolphin.

NR:274, LCP:68/69(Record 46), LM NH schooner, 4 guns 25 men, Capt John Riley, May 1782.


Dolphin/Two Brothers & Betsy.

Capture:24, captured before 11 Sep 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:118, LCP:66/67(Record 563), Capture:23, MA brigantine, 6 guns 12 men, master David Felts, Jr, commissioned 15 Mar 1782, captured before 4 Oct 1782.


Dolphin.

Allen:119, NR:272, LCP:68/69(Record 833), LM MA sloop of 35 tons, 9 guns, 40 men, under Capt John G. Scranton, operating 27 Nov 1782.


Dolphin.

MD barge, obtained and used near the end of the war, for defense of the Chesapeake.


Dolphin.

Appeals Case 84, sloop operating out of CT, Capt Anibal, 1782.


Dolphin.

S:105fn, Bermudian transport which brought VA prisoners home to VA in Jan 1783.


Dolphin.

ND10:1210, schooner, Capt Bernard, captured by Snakefish, trial 31 Mar 1783.


Dolphin.

Capture:93, Liverpool Militia apparently captured the schooner before the end of hostilities, court action of 2 Jan 1784.


Dolphin-Royale.

French ship of the line 70 guns, joined the French fleet in America in 1779.


Dolton.

Dandridge:170, brig captured with 120 men under Capt Johnston sent to Old Mill Prison in 1776, 21 escaped, 8 died, and 7 joined the British.


Donald.

ND1:1388, 1391, ??? ship, probably British, Capt Thomas Ramsay, active in Feb and Jul 1775, with tobacco and staves, James River to Glasgow.


Don Carlos.

DaviesXVI:299, Spanish ship with ordnance, taken by British HMS Salisbury, c Apr 1780, and taken to Jamaica.


Don Francisco.

NR:275, LCP:68/69, LM PA brigantine, 8 guns, 25 men, Capt John Gifford, Mar 1781, Capt Hugh Willson, Oct 1781.


Don Gálvez.

Allen:119, Paine:455, NR:275, LCP:68/69(Record 174), MA LM brig of 6 guns and 16 men under Capt Silas Jones of Nantucket, 28 Feb 1782, owners Nathan Goodale and others of Salem..


Don Miralison.

Appeals Case 72, schooner, Capt Uriah Swain, from Philadelphia in Oct 1779.


Donia Antoney.

NR:276, LCP:68/69, LM MD brig, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt John Harr, Nov 1779.


Don Quixote.

Capture:24, sloop from Newbury captured in Fall, 1780, off Cape Porpoise.


Don Quixotte.

NR:276, LCP:68/69, LM PA schooner, 6 guns, 16 men, Capt John Burrows, Aug 1782.


Doña Marina.

A2:IX:38, Spanish schooner, probably in New Orleans in 1779.


Dorchester.

NR:276, LCP:68/69, LM MD schooner, 1 gun 10 men, Capt Solomon Frazier, Oct 1778; Jun 1780, Capt James Frazier.


Dorothea.

VirginI:75, 78, Lewisohn:41, DaviesXVI:227, Danish brigantine found to be moving American cargo, captured by British privateers in 1779, restored to Danish control, 1779/80.


Dorothy.

ND3:825, Tory sloop, Capt John Goodrich, made gunpowder run to West Indies, then was captured by Capt James Barron of VA, who took him into Hampton. VANavy:152, British sloop captured in 1776 by the VA boat Liberty, Capt Barron.


Dorothy.

ND3:516, ND4:891, 1005, British transport, trapped by ice at Skenesboro, 19 Jan 1776.


Dorothy.

McM:241, McMA:76, ND7:816-818, British brig captured and taken to Bilbao, Spain, in 31 Dec 1776 by the MA privateer Washington.


Dorothy.

Force:5:III:1528, ND8:465, British brigantine, Capt John Pennell, Newfoundland to Spain (market), 80 tons, 1776, captured, tried and condemned 9 Apr 1777. .


Dorothy.

R77:406, ND8:570, British vessel, Capt McDonough, Bristol to Jamaica, captured 1777.


Dorothy.

R77:514, British vessel, Capt Muns, New York to Jamaica, taken & retaken, 1779.


Dorothy.

DaviesX:189, 205, American ship at Amsterdam, Capt E. Booker, c 1775/76.


Dorothy.

ND10:536, ND11:452, American schooner, VA to Cape François, captured by British Winchelsea, Capt N. Bateman, 18 Nov 1777.


Dorothy.

ND11:305, 207, American sloop, Capt Higgs, NC to Bermuda, captured by British Hammond, Jan 1778.


Dorset.

CTP:190, 205, British sloop, captured Oct 1780 by CT armed boats Rattlesnake, Viper, Saratoga.


Dorsetshire.

ND11:1093, British vessel, Capt Westcoate, Leeward Islands to Halifax, captured Mar 1778 by Americans and taken into Salem.


Dory/Doty.

CTN:144, British sloop, Capt Thomas Nye, captured by CT Minerva, Capt John Kerr, Feb 1778. C174.


Dos Amigos.

Robertson(1959):116fn, ship of Cuba carrying English prisoners for exchange, under flag of truce, captured by merchant privateer and carried in Kingston, Jamaica, in 1782, but was released.


Los Dos Hermanos.

Spanish brig in the Battle for Mobile sent to Havana to get more troops 1 Jan 1780.


Douge Druin/Dougay Trouin.

FordXXI:929, a privateer vessel which arrived in Boston with goods for the United States, Sep 1781.


Douglas.

ND9:623, apparently an Irish ship, Capt M’Gill, took the prisoners captured by American privateer Oliver Cromwell, and landed them in Ireland, 3 Sep 1777. The prisoners may have been physically on the William and Mary.


Dove.

ND2:1375, American brig, Capt Jonathan Jewit, active 1775, Dominico to Newbury, captured by British Savage, cargo bought for the garrison, vessel left in Boston.


Dove.

McPA:347, British brigantine captured Sep 1776 by NY Independence and taken to Bedford. ND6:1470, this may be the vessel to be sold at auction 7 Nov 1776, or it could be the next listed.


Dove.

McM:347, British brig, prize of MA vessel, 1776. Force:5:III:1528, ND7:321, Capt Stephen Cunningham, St. Eustatia to London/Amsterdam, 150 tons, captured and sold by Capt Truxton, NY privateer, 12 Nov 1776.


Dove.

ND10:1206, British schooner, Capt McGray, 45 tons, Halifax to Yarmouth, N. S. taken by the Terrible, 5 Mar 1778.


Dove.

ND11:1081, British merchant vessel, Capt John Lowden Cole, captured by American Hawke, Mar 1778.


Dove.

CTP:146, ND11:674, British sloop, 25 tons, captured in early 1778 in Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, by the CT sloop Lucy, Capt Thomas Sellew. C275.


Dove.

CTN:85, 86, British schooner, captured 15 May 1779 by CT Navy Oliver Cromwell.


Dove.

Appeals:xxxx, 162:8:65, FordXVII:416, the sloop vs John Bragg, referred to Appeals in May 1780. The Dove, 40 tons, was captured by LM brig Hannah, 100 tons, 10 guns, 40 men, Capt John Cochran, Mar 1780.


Dove.

ND3:223, 232, 830, ND4:517, 556, RI sloop, Capt Nathaniel Bull, captured out of Nicholas Mole, Dec 1775 by British Maidstone, Capt Alan Gardner. ND4:559, it is possible there were two sloops, as the Master is shown as Edward Manning, and the date of capture as 28 Jan 1776.


Dove.

Force:5:III:1525, ND4:597, American vessel, master T. Atkins, Plymouth, MA, to Philadelphia, destroyed in 1776 off Cape Hinlopen by British Roebuck.


Dove.

ND4:492, sloop, 94 tons, Capt Alpheus Davison, in Mar 1776, at Norwich Landing, taking up the service of the U. S.


Dove.

Force:5:III:1525, American vessel, abandoned, captured in 1776 by the Roebuck.


Dove.

Allen:119, ND5:119, MA privateer schooner under Capt Hugh Hill in 1776, which captured the American schooner Industry and libeled her, but the court ruled the capture illegal and invalid.


Dove.

ND4:1376, ND11:124, NC brig, Capt Wilkinson Timmons, taken by British Hinds, Capt Henry Bryne, 15 May 1776, condemned at Antigua 29 Mar 1776.


Dove.

ND5:1055, MA privateer schooner, Capt Robert Haskell, hired for intelligence work 13 Jun 1776.


Dove.

ND6:1470, brigantine, probably American, active fall 1776.


Dove.

ND7:756, probably an American vessel, Capt Ware, arrived at Lisbon 2 Nov 1776.


Dove.

R77:235, ND8:1061, American sloop, Capt Abraham Toppen/Topain, from Winyaw, SC, captured by British Galatea, 25 Apr 1777.


Dove.

Mwhipple:136, schooner under Capt Tufts used in the defence of Charlestown.


Dove.

ND7:1317-18, RI sloop, owner John Browne of Providence, to sail to Philadelphia, c 1776.


Dove.

ND7:1292, ND8:131, American schooner, Capt James Miller, New England to Baltimore, Feb 1776.


Dove.

Howe:408, Allen:119, ND7:1317-18, Beverly, MA, sloop used as a spy vessel by the state of MA. Howe:340, also shows this vessel as a Nova Scotia privateer fishing schooner owned and Captained by Robert Haskell, who acted as the spy for MA.


Dove.

ND8:131, American schooner, Capt James Miller, New England to Baltimore, Mar 1777.


Dove.

ND8:287, American schooner, Capt Flynn, captured by British Tartar, 1777.


Dove.

American vessel, Capt Abraham Toppen, captured 25 Apr 1777 by British Galatea.


Dove.

ND9:147, American schooner, transferring or selling flour to the Raleigh, 20 Jun 1777.


Dove.

C201, VA vessel captured by British, and it became the British privateer Resolution, captured Dec 1780 by the American Saratoga, then re-taken by the British vessel Bridgett. Ford1780:416, may have referred to this vessel.


Dove.

ND11:452, NC schooner, Capt Smith, loaded with tobacco, etc, captured by Br Lord Amherst, Capt F. J. Hartwell, 1777.


Dove.

ND11:708, American sloop, captured by British Niger, Capt Robert Lambert, Mar 1778.


Dove.

Capture:24, sloop from Cherristown, VA, was captured by a British ship, then recaptured by the American privateer Pilgrim, then again captured by the British in Oct, year not stated.


Dove.

NR:276, LCP:70/71, LM PA schooner, 2 guns, 13 men, Capt Edward Leger, Dec 1779. C191, PA ship, 18 men, Capt Philip Lyon, Mar 1781. JA9:224, 225, 228, 233, 265, 389, American schooner, 1780 one of these.


Dove.

LCP:70/72, MD LM privateer schooner, 4 guns, 13 men, Capt John McKirdy, Mar 1780.


Dove.

R82I:237, American vessel, captured by British Chatham, 1781.


Dove.

McM:224, (formerly American) sloop, prize of the British Peggy, captured by the MA Pilgrim, Sep 1781.


Dove.

Kaminkow:222, VA vessel, Capt William McCollock, captured before Aug 1782. She had been captured by a “refugee boat,” from the Virginians and carried into New York, where she was sent out as a privateer, retaken by Saratoga to Philadelphia, then retaken by the British.


Dover.

R77:406, ND10:616, 894, British vessel/ship, Capt John Walsby/Wassby, Oporto to London, taken by Civil Usage and retaken by the Levant, 11 Sep 1777.


Dover.

Klotz:63-72, FW4:468, British cutter captured by American passengers Thomas Shuker of NH and others and put into Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, in early 1780, where it was taken over by Spanish authorities. FordXVIII:868-869, the intent of the Cont. Congress was that the captors of the cutter receive the benefit of the capture, Sep 1780.


Dover.

Force:5:III:1526, ND5:932, American vessel, master A. Furnald, Piscataqua to fishing area, captured 5 Jul 1776 by British Viper.


Dover.

American schooner, Capt Andrew Brown, captured 7 Jul 1777 by British Solebay.


Doyard.

Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.


Drack/Drake.

Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.


Dragon.

ND3:337, probably American, grant given 1 Nov 1775.


Dragon.

Force:5:III:1528, ND10:1204, British schooner, 60 tons, Capt Knowlton, captured 14 Oct or 19 Nov 1776 by General Gates, Capt William Carleton.


Dragon.

ND7:810, British schooner Capt Nallon, from Dominica, captured 26 Dec 1776, and taken to New England..


Dragon.

ND7:198, British sloop, captured 18 Nov 1776 by Congress, Chance. Ford1776:958.


Dragon.

Eastman:58, British ship captured by Americans and sent to New Bedford. Bryant:93, British privateer captured by the American Argo in 1779.


Dragon.

ND4:693, ??? schooner, Capt John Coffin, probably British, active early 1776.


Dragon.

Coggins:99, M:228, PANavy:342, ND8:307, armed guardboat, 1 gun, of the PA Navy, Capt Benjamin Thompson, owner Boyer Brooks, in 1777-78 defense of the Delaware. C265, 310, Capt William Thompson, Jul 77, and Capt William Ross in Nov 77.


Dragon.

Coggins:102, ND8:422, ND10:105, ND11:190, 694, 1168, ship of the VA Navy, 1777. VANavy:161 shows it as a schooner-rigged vessel stationed on the Rappahannock or James River, Captains Eleazer Callender and John Markham. Dandridge:187, shows it as a galley built at Fredericksburg, perhaps in 1777. Eller:201, inactive 1780, destroyed, 1781.


Dragon.

McM:18, Eller:277, MD privateer schooner, 3 guns, 13 men, Capt Thomas Johnson, 1777.


Dragon.

ND11:30, American ship, Capt Claude Bondit, captured by British Emerald, Jan 1778, in the Rappahannock.


Dragon.

NR:276, LCP:70/71, LM MD schooner, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt Thomas Johnson, Dec 1778, Capt Alexander Cain, Jun 1779, Capt James Handy, Jul 1781. The Dragon was owned by Hugh Young & Comp. of Baltimore. It was reported captured near the Capes of Chesapeake Bay on its return from France in 1779 by a privateer from New York.


Dragón.

SchIV:345, in Second Armada. SchIV:355, Spanish warship, Capt Pedro Antran, in Great Expedition to America, Apr 1780. C&C:94, 111, Spanish warship of the line, 60 guns, used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola. SchIV:384-385, missing after the Feb 1781 hurricane. In April 1782, it was undergoing repair at Havana.


Dragon.

M880:3, schooner, Capt Handy, supported Yorktown operations, Oct 1781. This m


Dragon.

Allen:120, LCP:70/71(Record 224), MA privateer of 6 guns, 20 men, under Capt John Adams of Boston, 3 Oct 1782.


Dragon.

Rice:I:176, Spanish transport at the French Cape to move troops back to Havana, 1783.


Drake.

Paullin:293, FW3:836, R78/79:191, British naval ship of 14/18 guns, 150 or more men, Capt George Burden/Burdon, captured off Belfast by the Ranger, John Paul Jones in 1778, and taken into Brest. Morison:167, sold to Capt McNeill of the General Mifflin. JA6:101, 178, 7:189, 8:358, and others.


Drake.

Allen:120, LCP:70/71(Record 613), MA privateer brigantine of 6 guns, 14 men, under Capt Nathaniel Newman of Newburyport 7 Nov 1780.


Dreadnaught.

ND10:103, 113, British armed tender, captured by the Liberty and the Patriot, 9 Oct 1777.


Dreadnaught.

VANavy:165, LCP:70/71, LM privateer galley of 6 carriage guns, 50 men, Capt James Nelson of Petersburg, 1782, Capt William Bellamy, Jun 1782..


Dreadnaught.

NR:277, LCP:70/71, PA LM boat, 2 guns, 40 men, Capt Henry Darnell, Jun 1781.


Dreadnaught.

Allen:120, Howe:432, LCP:70/71(Record 528), MA LM lugger, 2 guns, 35 men, under Capt Amos Potter of Boston, 11 May 1782. Capture:25, privateer schooner captured before 24 Sep 1782.


Driver.

ND10:655, ND11:612, American schooner, Capt Caleb Hogg, captured by British privateer brig Revenge 24 Jul 1777, and condemned at Grenada Sep1777.


Driver.

ND7:490, 588, ND8:83, American schooner, Capt Epes Greenough, captured 15 Dec 1776 by HMS Seaford.


Driver.

Allen:120, Howe:408, Beverly, MA, sloop 70 tons, 8 guns, 20 men, LM in action under Capt Daniel Adams 1 Sep 1779, owner Josiah Batchelder.


Dromedary.

Malo:971, British ship used as a prison for The Downs in England, where mariners were held in 1782.


Druid.

Emmons:44/45, ND10:848, British ship, Capt Peter Cartaret, engaged and probably captured by the American Raleigh and Alfred.


Drummond.

ND1:681, American sloop, Capt Samuel Sowle/Soule, captured by Newport citizens June, 1775, stopped 14 June 1775 by HMS Rose.


Dublin.

ND4:883, probably a British vessel active in mid 1776.


Dublin.

R77:406, ND1:426, British vessel, Capt Durham, Halifax to the West Indies, captured 1777.


Dublin.

Eastman:59, M:315, British/Tory privateer ship/cutter from New York captured by NJ vessels and taken to Egg Harbor, Aug 1779.


Dublin.

ND11:451, American brig, loaded with molasses, etc, captured by Br Boreas, Capt Charles Thompson, 1777.


Dublin Trader.

McM:438, British brig, prize of Black Prince of Dunkirk, 1779.


Duc de Bourgogne.

ND11:990, French Navy ship of the line, 80 guns, Capt Vicomte de Rochechouart, part of d’Estaing’s Squadron which came to America in 1778. It came back to America with d’Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780 and then served in de Grasse’s fleet, crew is listed. It helped move the French Expeditionary Force from Boston to Puerto Cabello in Dec 1782.


Duc de Châtelet/Flamand.

M&S:231-232, a Beaumarchais vessel, which, under Capt Blondeau with a load of gunpowder, blew up near Loire River in France in Mar 1779, killing 85 of her 97 man crew.


Duc de Chartres.

ND7:1035, 1079, 1251, ND9:379, ND10:615, 1081, French ship, 1777, purchased by MA Board of War to be a trading ship, Capt Alexander Wilson, c 1777. Crewmen listed in MAS.


Duc de Chartres.

ND9:549, one such French ship was lost at sea 5 Aug 1777.


Duc de Chartres.

Rice:I:118n, French vessel said to be with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, but not identified in other records.


Duc de Chartres.

SchV:53, French privateer, 16 guns, 92 men, captured in the Bay of Biscay by the British Cumberland, Capt J. Peyton, in 1781.


Duc de Choiseul.

ND10:945, 1009, Capt Thomas Moore, 1777. ND11:1001, ship, Capt Heraud, active in 1778. JA6:167.


Duc de Coigny.

SchV:62, French privateer, 28 guns 230 men, captured in 1780 in the Channel by the Milford. Kaminkow:222, Neesor:203, captured Jul 1780. William Reed and Lambert Murphy claimed to have been crew members entitled to prize money.


Duc de Cornwallis.

Spanish armed lugger in the Second Expedition to capture Pensacola, 1780.


Duc de Duras.

ND10:1129-30, JA6:373, on 20 Dec 1777 renamed Bonhomme Richard, which see.


Duc de Estisac.

SchV:53, French privateer, 20 guns, 135 men, captured by the British Cerberus, Capt R. Mann, in the English Channel, 1781.


Duc de Lauzon, 20 guns, 1782-1783.

GWA:702, Maclay:206, Smith:289-290, Continental Navy frigate of 20 guns in use 1780-83. It was said to have been a former British customs ship purchased in Oct 1782 in Dover, England. C17, 127, John Green was Capt in 1783 when she was dispatched from Philadelphia to Havana to bring back 72,000 Spanish milled dollars. RM7:732, Capt Green was to give the French all information he had on this vessel in April 1783. Ford1783:323n, 241, 262, and others. Bouvet:35, 105, this may be the same vessel which moved French medical personnel from Philadelphia back to France in June 1783, and was later sold in France. Coggins:205, said the vessel sold in France, 1783.


Duc de La Luzerne,

Buel:93, ship of 20 guns purchased in 1782 with French aid.


Duchese de Grammont.

ND11:1140-41, ship, apparently French, moving American goods or goods for Americans, Capt Poidras, Mar 1778. Also shown as Dutchess de Gramont, FordXII:986, 1011, CC:M247, R38, #31, pp 7-9, vessel, Capt Petter du Doyer/Dobiéa or Capt Moses Poidras, which came from Europe in June 1778 with load of clothing for Continental Army, received by agent William John Langdon. Ford1778:986, 1011, French ship. JA7:150, 372.


Duck Creek Packet.

NR:79, 81, 83, FordXII:971, the day after the Battle of Brandywine, General Thomas Mifflin in 1778 ordered Thomas Carrol to press the schooner Duck Creek, which he did, but the master of the vessel did not follow orders and joined the British fleet below the Delaware until the vessel was recaptured by Americans and condemned as a prize. Owners of the schooner, James Oellers and Henry Horn.


Duff.

ND5:331, ND6:852, French or American brig, Capt Anthony Knapp, from Guadeloupe to Newfoundland, captured 24 May 1776 and carried into Basseterre, St Christophers, by the British Pomona.


Duguai Drouin.

Villiers:102f, French navire at Nantes, 7 years old, 1781.


Duke.

ND9:538, probably a British hoy, Capt John Cummins, captured by Prince George 26 Jul 1777.


Duke.

Buel:379, brig owned by George Salmon, captured at war’s end in 1783, while carrying 125 hogheads of tobacco. (See next entry.)


Duke de Crillon.

C16, MD brig, Capt P. Barrier, 4 guns, 20 men, active 23 Jan 1783.


Duke of Cumberland.

DaviesX:289-290, ND4:361, 1397, British packet which struck a rock off Scilly Isles 4 May 1776 and sank.


Duke of Cumberland.

ND6:775, British packet taken by American Otter, 10 Sep 1776.


Duke of Cumberland.

ND8:528, British vessel captured by Port au Prince 12 Jan 1777. (whether the French port or a vessel is not clear.)


Duke of Grafton.

ND10:818, 819, British sloop, captured by the St Albans, 28 Dec 1777.


Duke of Grafton.

ND11:993, 1082, East Indiaman, Capt S. Bull, captured by American Alfred, Raleigh, late 1777.


Duke of Leinster.

R77:108, ND1:1384, British vessel, 120 tons, 12 men, Capt Patrick North, Dublin to Jamaica, captured by MA sloop Rover, Capt Abijah Bowen, Mar 1777, libelled 29 Apr 1777. He had made a non-British declaration Aug 1775. C27.


Duke of Leinster.

Barnes:96, carpenters from this vessel helped repair the Ariel in the summer, 1780. Morison:302, 304, merchant ship chartered by Benjamin Franklin to carry supplies for America, protected by John Paul Jones in the Ariel, Sep, 1780. Smith:240, a ship with John Paul Jones in 1780 on an attempt to sail to America. Kaminkow:222, capture or court case, May 1781.


Duke of Leinster.

NR:278, LCP:70/71, LM MD brigantine, 16 guns, 60 men, Capt William Taylor, Aug 1780; probably as a brig in Jan 1781 under Capt Robert Caulfield. C52, captured by the British in May 1781.


Duke of Leinster.

C291, PA brigantine, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Joun Souder, May 1780.


Duke of Leinster.

NR:278, LCP:70/71, LM MD brig, 4 guns, 14 men, Capt Clement Waring, Jun 1780.


Duke of Leinster.

NR:278, LCP:70/71(Record 1009) , LM PA brigantine, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Samuel Young, Jan 1781.


Duke of Leinster.

Allen:120, NR:278, LCP:70/71(Record 493), MA LM ship of 14 guns, 25 men, under Capt Robert Caldwell of Boston 30 Aug 1782.


Duke of Richmond.

ND2:395, ??? ship, Capt Robert Love, probably British, active 1775.


Duke of Rutland.

SchV:52, British vessel, 10 guns, Lt Browne, lost in 1784 in the hurricane at Jamaica.


Duke of York.

ND1:905, ND2:329, ND4:582, formerly the ship Mercury, bought from Blair McClenachan of Philadelphia by Willing, Morris and Company, sent in ballast to Hamburg, Capt William Todd, of Capt Higgins, but it may have perished on the way in Oct 1775.


Dulany.

ND1:1367, 1378, 1384, ND3:1367, 1369, probably American ship, 180 tons, 12 men, Capt Thomas Jarrold, Annapolis to Milford, then entered Baltimore from Lisbon in ballast, 27 Mar 1775, then made a non-British declaration.


El Dulcicimo Nombre de Jesus.

A2:VI:29, Spanish settee, probably in New Orleans in 1776.


Dune.

ND2:786, ??? brigantine, Capt Craig. See Chance.


Dunkerquoise.

SchV:62, French privateer, 20 guns 115 men, captured in 1780 in the Channel by Emerald.


Dunkirk.

Cohen:50, prison ship used by British in Plymouth Harbor.


Dunkirk.

SchV:61, French privateer, 18 guns, 56 men, captured in 1779 in the Channel by the British Fairy, Lt Cook.


Duncreath.

ND8:1054, British ship, Capt James Creighton, captured by Americans, then recaptured by British Brune, 6 Jan 1777.


Le Dupré de St. Maur.

JA6:76, French ship, Capt Decass, c 1778. Buel:318, this may be the vessel mentioned as Le Dupré in 1777, shipping to America.


Dutchess of Cumberland.

SchV:51, 55, ship of 16 guns and 75 men, Capt E, Marth, taken off Newfoundland in 1781.


Dutchess of Leinster.

R76II:268, ND1:1371, Irish vessel from Antigua, 100 tons, 6 men, Capt Alexander Cathrew, Annapolis to Dublin in June 1775 with corn, wheat, bread, and staves, then return with 49 servants. Vessel captured in 1776 by Americans but released. Also shown as Duke of Leinster, Force:5:III:1528, British vessel, Antigua to Dublin, Capt Catrow, released, 1776. ND3:1368, on entering Baltimore in May 1775, the captain made a non-British declaration.


Dutchess of Mortimart/Mortimer.

Buel:295, 18 guns, 450 tons. ND8:399, 419, French ship, Capt Pierre de Campe, arrived in America 22 Apr 1777.


Dutchess of Russia.

ND3:275, transport, probably British, arrived at Boston from Halifax, 16 Dec 1775.


Dutton.

ND7:262, called a Hospital ship, it was actually a British prison ship in New York where John Stewart and others were held captive in 1777, John Stewart pension application, R21841.


AMUnitCD, 6 Aug 2008.


NSSAR FIRST INCLUDED THE FRENCH


In 1899, the NSSAR elected to become an inclusive organization, but the War Department had no record of the French soldiers and sailors who took part. In Oct 1899, the NSSAR leadership appointed a Commission to research the French archives to prepare a list of those who served. To make the research manageable, the list was to include persons of known units who served in the thirteen colonies or in their adjacent waters. The Commission worked for many months and the work was first published in French by the Ministère des Affairs Étrangères, with title: Les Combattants, Française de la Guerre Amércaine, 1778-1783. This work, with parallel English translations of major parts, was republished by the United States Congress, 58th Session, Senate Document No. 77, printed at Washington, Impremerie Nationale (Government Printing Office), 1905. Since that time, it has been a basic document for NSSAR use with applicants of French soldier or sailor descendants. However, one must note what the Chairman of the Commission placed in the Introduction, first, with respect to its completeness and second, with respect to its inclusiveness.

“But before placing the work of the commission under the eyes of readers, it is not without utility to remark how incomplete is the list. In the first place, all the documents which should figure here were not found; our lists, those of the fleets, contain nearly all the sailors who had effectually taken part in that campaign, but those of the infantry comprise only about one-half of those who actually fought in the United States; the documents about the troops garrisoned on each ship notably have not been established in an absolute manner and are not included in this work, and each ship of d’Estaing’s fleet as that of de Grasse, had on board 100 to 150 infantry men; also the documents concerning the legion Lauzun, companies of artillery and engineers, and the company of the regiment Grenoble, have not been found.

These researches deal only with the direct and official participation of France in the American War. On the one side the rolls of the French ministerial departments from which the lists have been taken exclusively, and which will be found in this volume, give no indication of volunteer inscriptions, nevertheless numerous, which preceded governmental interference; on the other hand, it is not only the French fleets which have figured in American waters, nor only the French armies which fought on American soil, which have contributed to the enfranchisement of America, but all the French fleets and armies which struggled against England at the same time. The exploits of Suffren, for example, in the Indian Ocean, contributed, perhaps, as much as those of which the Chesapeake was the theater, to achieve the final result. Also, at the same time that d’Estaing had set sail for America, the French fleet sustained on the coast of Europe against English fleets splendid combats, of which the duel of the Belle Poule and the Arethuse and the combat at Ouessant remain famous episodes, and which, in weakening Great Britain, gave great aid to the colonies in their efforts for liberty.

In our desire to include in this publication only troops which have fought either in the waters or on the soil of America, we have excluded the fleet of Count de Guichen, who fought in the fAntilles and was there in constant contact with the fleets whose operations were being carried on on the other side of the Atlantic. The names of all the French soldiers and sailors engaged in that war would have been given here if we had not been obliged to circumscribe the limits.”


Only in the current time period has research begun to complete listings of French soldiers and sailors, lead by the NSSAR chapters in France. There has been a 100 year delay, for which there is no good explanation. The Hough publications on “Spanish Patriots” may be the only ones which specifically include those who fought only in the West Indies or in other theatres.


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com