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Granville Hough's Ship Listing A





AMERICAN MARITIME UNITS AND VESSELS AND THEIR SUPPORTERS DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, 1775-1783), (INCLUDING FRENCH AND SPANISH) (A)


by Granville W. Hough



"Brief Introduction to Dr. Granville W. Hough"


I recently made the online acquaintance of Dr. Granville W. Hough, a scholar well known in genealogy research and the Sons of the American Revolution society. Dr. Hough is Professor Emeritus, California State University, Fullerton, and a retired Lieutenant Colonel, Regular Army. He has been an amateur genealogist and historian for many years, and has published over twenty-five books, including eight written with his daughter, N. C. Hough, on Spanish soldiers of the Borderlands who served during the time of the American Revolutionary War.


In the course of his investigations into Spanish soldiers and sailors of the American War for Independence, Dr. Hough developed a list of vessels used in that war. His primary purpose was not to list vessels, but to investigate, for a future work, sailors, owners and supporters of the naval war against England. The vessel list was a by-product of these investigations. Dr. Hough has kindly allowed me to present his listings of vessels, in the hope that the list will aid other researchers. A page with the references is published separately.


Introduction

by Dr. Hough


In the following listings of vessels, boats were small open vessels propelled by oars or sails and included whaleboats, longboats, cutters, barges, flatboats, shallops, and similar vessels. They operated close to shore. Brigs and brigantines were two-masted vessels, most capable of transatlantic voyages. A brig could be rigged as a brigantine. Galleys were low, single-decked vessels propelled by oars or sails which were used for coastal and river defense. Schooners were small vessels of two or more masts rigged fore and aft, capable of carrying guns and fighting at sea. Sloops were small single-masted vessels rigged fore and aft. Pilot boats were light sloops required in harbors. Ships were ocean-going vessels of three or more masts, though large brigs or schooners were sometimes listed as ships. Ships used for prisons by the British and by the Americans were generally de-masted hulks. Prison ships are included as their records of prisoners are valuable.


The essential activity of the war was trading and getting supplies of arms, gun powder, war supplies, and salt. In order to trade, Americans had to move fish, lumber, tobacco, wheat, corn, rice, indigo, tar, and other items which were needed in the West Indies or in Europe. Fishermen and traders moved to the forefront of the battle lines, and they were captured, over and over. They had to fish and trade to live, and they had to move the supplies where they were needed for the war to continue. They were at first unarmed, and were thus at the mercy of the British Navy and to Tory or British privateers. Then they armed and were known as armed merchantmen. Then they turned to privateering, which one could also call legal piracy; however, even then they carried enough trade goods to barter for necessary food and supplies at whatever ports they visited.


Most of the American fighting activity was by these privateers; and the British, Dutch, Irish, French, and others became more active with privateers as the war progressed. The listing of American vessels captured by the British is the best list we have of the American merchant marine. Captured Americans were either sent to prison or were impressed into the British navy. The listing of British vessels captured by Americans gives an idea of the replacement source for American vessels, cargo, and guns. British prisoners were used for exchanges. The recaptures by the British of American prizes are included because the American prize crews became prisoners of the British and can be found in some prison records. Dates given may either be the actual date of capture, or the date of court condemnation proceedings for prisoners or for vessels. Eller:281 states over 2000 vessels, 50,000 men sailed as privateers or in Letters of Marque. One must add to that the numbers of merchantmen and fishermen, who also got killed, wounded, captured, imprisoned, and impressed. Because of the nature of the total effort, it seems probable that more people served at sea than on land.


Records were not kept in a way which makes it easy to follow a single vessel through its life. Many good vessels were captured, refitted and renamed, recaptured, then refitted and renamed again. Others were sold and resailed by new owners, using the same name. Letters of Marque were not issued for the lifetime of the vessel, but for specific periods or cruises. If Eller or some other historian stated there were 2000 Letters of Marque issued by Congress, there may have been no more than 1200 vessels involved. When a vessel was sold to new owners, they had to have new Letters of Marque to stay in the privateering business. If a new captain took over the vessel with a new crew, he had to have new Letters of Marque. When blank Letters of Marque were taken by members of the Cont. Congress back to their states, they could be awarded as political favors; however, once the blanks were filled in as to owners, bonders, officers, and time periods, they were not transferable. All this makes it very difficult to follow an individual vessel through its career. Lloyd's of London did quite well with British vessels in British hands, but we Americans had no such central insuring registry. In our lists today, we have three constant errors. First, we may list the same vessel SEVERAL TIMES, thinking it is different. Second, we may list SEVERAL VESSELS of the same name or type, thinking they are one. Third, for the years 1774 and 1775, we are frequently unable to determine the allegiance and ownership of some vessels. The final decisions had not yet been made in many cases, and people in sea trade were trying hard to get in their last allowed shipments of tobacco, rice, indigo, salt, and finished goods before the cutoff dates.


More than 100 American-built vessels were known to have been taken into the British Royal Navy service during the war. Some historians have tried to determine which characteristics the British preferred. It would appear that any sound vessel would be used, but the specific plans have been found for only four Naval frigates, three Lake Champlain vessels, and nine privateers or merchant vessels. In addition to these, many more vessels were traded back and forth among privateers and merchants. For example, American privateers sometimes had Jamaican cousins or friends who bought captured vessels at auction, then took them to Dutch or other neutral islands, and resold them back to the original owners.


-A-


Abagail/Abigail.

Mwhipple:40, 41, 43, 51, RI sloop belonging to John Brown seized by the British and sent to supply British General Gage in Boston with flour. Rider:26-27, It was subsequently returned to Brown, then retaken by the British.  ND1:227, 232, 256, American sloop seized in RI Harbor 26 Apr 1775 by HMS Rose. Owner John Browne was on board as a passenger. One RI vessel was under Capt Hall.


Abby.

ND7:604-05, sloop, 90 tons, Capt John Aikins, to be sent from Boston in 1776 to SC or other places to get rice, requested by Isaac Smith and Paschal N. Smith, both of Boston.


Abigail.

ND1:463, 886, ??? schooner, probably American, active 1775.


Abigail.

ND1:463, 886, American schooner apparently captured in England with contraband, May 1775.


Abigail.

ND2:1374, American schooner, Capt Andrew Preston, Turks Island to Annapolis, with sugar and salt, captured late 1775 by British Halifax, cargo purchased by Boston garrison.


Abigail.

ND2:1376, American brig, Capt Jno Wheelwright, with lumber, New England to West Indies, captured by British Lively, late 1775.


Abigail.

ND3:374, American brig, 20 guns, 100 men, captured by the British Renown/Experiment arrived at Spithead, England, 18 Nov 1775.


Abigail.

Ford11:567, brig chartered and insured to the U. S., owner Cumberland Dugan, captured by British by June, 1778, Mr. Dugan to be paid. This may be the brigantine mentioned in Cont. Congress in 1778, p 567.


Abigail.

Robertson(1959):190, schooner of Boston, MA, captured at Jamaica. ND7:1046, 1142, this may be the schooner, Capt Stephen Atwood, captured by British Unicorn, 27 Jan 1777.


Abigail.

ND11:469, sloop bound for Boston with rum and molasses, master and crew escaped to land, captured 28 Feb 1778 at Cape Tiberon, Santo Domingue, by British Glasgow, Capt Pasley.


Abigail.

Capture:4, SC schooner on way to MA, captured 5 Apr 1778 near George's Bank.


Abigail.

Smith:207, transport sloop, 6 guns, 12 men, 80 tons, used in Penobscot Expedition, 1779, Capt Daniel Smith in Feb. McMA shows Capt as William McGlathery.


Abigail.

M880:4, MA vessel, captured by British George & Elizabety 14 Apr 1778, and crew sent to New York prison Felicity.


Abigail.

CTP47-48, CT privateer sloop, Capt Ackley Riley of Wethersfield, made five captures, 1777-78. C258, Jacob Riley of Wethersfield was Capt in 1778 or 1779 when the vessel was captured by British.


Abigail.

DL:948, sloop, Capt John Smith, loaded with grain 28 Mar 1781. One MA sloop, Capt Smith, is also recorded.


Abingdon/Abington.

NR:217, LCP:2/3, MD sloop, LM, 12 guns, 14 men, Capt. James Handy, Sep 1778.


Abondance.

SchV:53, French armed merchantman, 18 guns, 46 men, captured off Brest in 1782 by the squadron under Rear Admiral Kempenfelt.


Abraham.

ND7: 1089, British privateer, Capt Gilbert Grant, captured La Guillaume, 2 Feb 1777.  ND10:722, this may be the same incident and vessel, 1777.


Absalom.

ND11:125, American schooner, Capt John Cales, captured by British Seaford, Capt John Colpoys, condemned at Antigua, 10 Oct 1776.


Acadien.

ND4:1259, mentioned only, probably a French Canadien vessel captured during the Quebec Campaign and used by Americans.


Accomac.

Coggins:102, VANavy:156, ND8:1045, ND11:191, 1196, row galley of the VA Navy, 1777-1782, Captains Ishmael Andrews and William Underhill, captured a British vessel, 1779. GMB:35, sold 16 Jul 1781.


Acetus.

Royal Navy transport damaged in the Battle of Sullivan's Island near Charleston in 1780, then abandoned and burned.


Achilles.

McM:101, CTP:249, British merchant ship of 200 tons, Capt David Stanhouse, captured off Long Island by the CT privateer schooner Young Cromwell and the RI privateer sloop Success,  3 Sep 1781, and taken into New London.


Achilles.

ND7:987, snow, 16 carriage guns, privateer, Capt Williams, refitted at Boston, 17 Jan 1777, captured the Peace & Plenty from Antigua, but lost her to recapture by her own crew.


Achilles.

Robertson(1959):152, privateer brig of Philadelphia, PA, captured by the British at Jamaica. NR:217, LCP:2/3, PA brigantine, LM, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt Thomas Murdock, Apr 1779, #1022; and Capt George Thomson/Thomason, Aug 1779.


Acteon.

ND1:1384, ??? schooner, Capt John Sweeting, 20 tons, 4 men, probably British, from New Providence, Bahamas, to Annapolis, with tropical fruits, Aug 1775.


Actaeon.

Emmons:40/41, Salley:80, FW3:836, British ship, 18 guns, captured by the General Moultre at Fort Sullivan in Charleston Harbor. Fraser:92, this may be the British ship of war scuttled in June 1776 when she was grounded in the attack on Charleston and could not be refloated. FW3:602, British vessel, 32 guns, lost or cast away before Apr 1780.


Actif.

ND11:988-90, Villiers:305, French Navy ship of the line from Brest, 74 guns, Chevalier Thomas D'Orves, 1778, in de Guichen's West Indies Squadron in 1781, escorted convoy from St Domingue to Nantes, 1782..


Actif.

Malo:970, 971, French privateer cutter rearmed in 1782 at Dunkirk.


Action.

M:185/6, British vessel, captured 1779 by MA state brig Hazard.


L'Actionnaire.

JA8:359, Villiers:303, French ship of the line, 1779, 64 guns, in the West Indies fleet in 1781, joined Admiral de Grasse, in Battle of Saints, but survived. Escorted convoy from Cap Français in 1781 to Brest. Captured in 1782. Com:204-209, crew listing.


L'Actionnaire.

SchV:59, French flute, 64 guns, only 24 mounted, 250 men, captured in 1782 in the Bay of Biscay, by the Queen, Capt F. Maitland.


Active.

ND1:749, 1373, ??? ship, Capt John Bruce, 200 tons, 12 men, probably British, Annapolis, MD, to London, wheat, flour and staves, Jun 1775.


Active.

ND2:1346, 1353, ??? brig, Capt Joseph Studholme, 40 tons, probably British, from Winterhaven and Dublin to Roanoke, ballast, May 1775, departed Jul 1775 with tar, turpentine, and lumber.


Active.

ND2:1348, ??? schooner, Capt Tom Cricket, 15 tons, from Antigua to Roanoke, with rum, Jan 1775.


Active.

ND2:757, ??? vessel, probably British, active in 1775.


Active.

Mc:217, 219, 365, British brig captured by the Alfred, 1st Lt John Paul Jones and sent into Edenton, NC, 1776. This vessel was likely recycled into American use.


Active.

Morison:85, British brigantine bound from Liverpool to Halifax captured about the same time as the Mellish by Capt John Paul Jones in the Alfred, and taken into Dartmouth/New Bedford, c 1776. Those with shares in the prize Active are listed in MAS. This prize was likely recycled into American use.


Active.

R77:405, ND9:978, 296, 816, British brigantine, Capt B. Miller, Quebec to England, taken by American Speedwell, and retaken by British Amazon, condemned at Halifax, 1777. When retaken, Capt may have been Capt Clark, probably British.


Active.

R77:405, British vessel, Capt Fairbone, Ireland to New York, 1777.


Active.

R77:513, ND11:870, British brig, Capt David Mauger of Jersey, Newfoundland to a market, captured 2 Nov 1777 by American privateer Hawke.


Active.

ND11:1133, Guernsey (British) privateer, Capt Peter Agnew, foundered 29 Mar 1778, and 3 men drowned. This privateer had captured a brigantine, Peter Collas's ship, the Hooper, an U/I brig, and a U/I schooner. (Peter Collas's was Captain of the Triton, and this may be the ship referenced.)


Active.

CTP:116, British vessel captured by 23 Apr 1779 by CT sloop Hawk, Capt Gideon Olmsted.


Active.

Paulin:335, M:84, McMA:56, 57, British brig, captured 16 Mar 1779, prize of the MA state brig Hazard, purchased by the state of MA and put into service, 1779. It is said that this brig was sent on the Penobscot Expedition in Jul/Aug 1779 and lost to British recapture.


Active.

FW3:602, British vessel, 32 guns, captured by French or Americans by April 1780.


Active.

Force:5:III:1527, NR10:1205, British brigantine , 150 tons, Capt Isaac Fox, Liverpool, N. S. to Halifax, captured by American Alfred and Providence under John Paul Jones, 14 Jan 1777. It was renamed the American Delaware.


Active.

Hearns:224, Capt Sims. ND9:445, may be ship commanded by G. Simmons, 1777.


Active.

Capture:4, British ship taken by the privateer schooner Speedwell, then recaptured by the British off Nova Scotia 19 Jul 1777.


Active.

SchV:42, British ship, 28 guns, Capt W. Williams, after being disabled in a storm, was captured in the West Indies off St Domingue by French frigates Charmente 38 guns,and Dedaigneuse 26 guns, 1778.


Active.

Appeals:xxxviii, and 162:4:39, the sloop versus Houston. PANavy:301-302, 309, U:199-200, British sloop from Jamaica to New York, taken by American prisoners led by Capt Gideon Olmsted of CT, sent into Philadelphia. Capt Houston of the Convention libeled the sloop and the court awarded only one-fourth to the American prisoners. The case was appealed to Congress which awarded all the moneys from the sale of the ship and goods to the American prisoners. The case was not settled for thirty years. McM:66/67, British sloop captured by Capt Gideon Olmstead and several fellow prisoners from the American Seaflower 6 Sep 1778, used by Americans in Philadelphia.


Active.

McM:342, British sloop, 12 guns, captured by the schooner Mars Jul 1779.


Active.

Eller:500, 503, 504, British vessel which carried letters to Admiral Rodney in the West Indies, who sent it on to alert Admiral Hood, then Americans captured it.


Active.

SchV:43, British naval brig, 14 guns, Lt William Quarme, taken by Americans off New York in 1780.


Active.

McMA:174, British ship captured in early 1783 by MA Grand Turk, captured off Guadeloupe and sent to Salem.


Active.

McM:213, British ship captured in the West Indies in Mar 1783 and sent to Salem.


Active.

Peabody:232, British ship captured by the Grand Turk in 1783 and sent into Salem.


American:


Active.

DaviesXIII:615, American vessel from SC, taken by crew to Britain, 1777/78. ND7:467, C212, this may be the SC privateer brig, Capt Charles Morgan, commission of 12 Nov 1776.


Active.

PCOII:180,250,259, 271, packet used by the Continental Marine Committee to carry messages, latter part of the war.


Active.

ND4:1010, cutter, Master ??? Kelly, probably American, active 1776.


Active.

ND8:403, American brig captured 22 Apr 1777 by British Thetis.


Active.

ND8:869-70, ND9:372, sloop, Capt John Osborne, mutiny on board, 1777, and the ship was captured by James Worth 2 May 1777. It sailed from SC to France, 2 June 1777. Fowler:213, sloop built at Marshfield, MA. There is some indication this sloop was built in Bermuda.


Active.

ND9:446, British ship and trading vessel, master G. Simmons, sailing for Dublin 30 June 1777.


Active.

ND7:111, ND8:415, ND9:276, ND10:1205, British brigantine, Capt Isaac Fox, captured by American Alfred, Providence, 11 Nov 1776, renamed Delaware, purchased by R. Morris 24 Apr 1777.


Active.

ND9:638, apparently a British brigantine, Capts B. Miller and or Clark, captured by Speedwell, recaptured by Amazon, condemned at Halifax.


Active.

British schooner, Capt Thomas Henby, captured Jan 1783 by MD privateer sloop Antelope.


Active.

Allen:64-65, nine records for ships of this name can be found in MA privateer records, but some may be for separate cruises for the same vessel. For clarity, all cruises are shown, but combined when it seems to be the same vessel.


Active.

Allen:50, 65, McM:192, 243, ND6:1213, ND8:375, ND9:862, Greenwood:68, 10 gun, 80 men, 84 tons, MA privateer schooner under Capt Andrew Gardner active in Oct 1776, with Capt Manley's 1777 fleet.  NR10:712, ND11:75, helped capture the Johnson. Maclay:90, 117, 133, wartime privateer. Capture:83, privateer schooner, commander Andrew Gardner, 20 guns, 54 men, assisted schooner Speedwell in capturing the brigantine Three Brothers, but lost her to recapture. This MA privateer was captured 10 Sep 1777.


Active.

Allen:65, MA privateer brigantine, 12 guns, 70 men, Capt John Foster Williams. Allen:66, this may be the MA vessel of war, Nov 1777, Capt John Foster Williams. ND10:528, ND11:101, captured by the British Mermaid, then the captured vessel was lost off the coast of New Jersey, and the crew taken prisoner by Americans.


Active.

ND11:453, VA sloop loaded with tobacco and flour, captured by British Badger, Capt Mitchell J. Everitt, Nov 1777.  Another, or the same sloop, reported captured in Feb 1778.


Active.

Kaminkow:219, Capt Richard Bishop, Ostend to St. Eustatius, captured 18 Oct 1778.


Active.

FordXII:1168, "Thomas Houston vs the sloop Active," appealed from PA Court of Admiralty, Nov 1778. FordXVI, 271, 274, the Court of Appeals made a ruling on the case of the sloop Active, 21 Mar 1780, after hearing from claimant Gideon Olmstead and his lawyers James Wilson and William Lewis. This is likely the sloop mentioned in Cont. Congress, 1778-1781. The PA sloop Active in Oct 1779 had captured the British schooner Mercury and the brigantine Providence.


Active, 16 guns.

Smith:206, 210-211, 213, Fowler:113, MA State brig, 16 guns, 100 men, which had been captured from the British, and it was used in the Penobscot Expedition and lost 14 May 1779.  Allen:66, brigantine, Rider:192, MA State Navy, 18 guns, 95 men, 1779, Capt John Allen Hallet. Crewmen are listed in MAS.


Active.

NR:217, LCP:2/3, C288-289, PA sloop, LM, 6 guns, 12 men Capt William Green/Smith, Apr 1779, #10210; and Capt Peter Day in Sep 1779.


Active.

NR:218, LCP:2/3, PA brigantine, LM 14 guns, Capt Charles Alexander and probably by Capt Charles Biddle. McM:292, owned by John Wilcocks & Comp or by George Meade & Comp of Philadelphia, captured by B

ritish Iris 27 May 1780.


Active.

Allen:66, MA privateer brigantine, 10 guns, 24 men, May, 1780, Capt Benjamin Ellinwood; brigantine, 12 guns, 60 men, Dec 1780, Capt Nathaniel Swasey of Beverly; brigantine, 14 guns, 60 men, Apr 1781, Capt John Pattin of Beverly. LCP:2/3, shows brigantine or brigantines commanded by John Patten, #438; William Ross, #526; and Nathaniel Swasey, #319.


Active

of Beverly, MA, brigantine, 120 tons, 10 guns, 25 men. Howe:405, MA Capt Benjamin Ellingwood, LM which sailed for Gottenburg 10 Jul 1780.


Active

of Beverly, MA, brigantine, 150 tons, 12 guns, 60 men. Howe:405, Capt Nathaniel Swasey, privateer in Dec 1780. LCP:2/3, #319.


Active.

NR:218, LCP:2/3, PA brig, LM, 14 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Misnard, Nov 1779; Capt Philip Jacqueline DuRoy, Oct 1780.


Active.

RM2:375, 265, 355, Continental brigantine packet, launched Jul 1779 at Marshfield, MA, Capt Corban Barnes, sailed to Nantes and returned in 1781. It was subsequently brought to Philadelphia and dispatched to Havana and captured en route by the British HMS Porcupine on 23 Mar 1782. Some historians have considered this Active as not part of the Cont. Navy but as part of the MA Navy. FordXI:899, possibly the packet on an intended voyage in Dec 1780. JA9:310, 405.


Active.

FordXIII:1188, 1189, U. S. brigantine, available in Dec 1780 to be loaded with tobacco and sent to Amsterdam to pick up much needed naval supplies. Mentioned that the Mercury Packet had been lost to the British.


Active.

FordXIII:1127, brigantine, reported captured, probably in the West Indies, Dec 1780, with the master throwing overboard all items of re cord.


Active

of Beverly, MA, brigantine, 100 tons, 14 guns, 60 men. Howe:405, MA Capt John Patten, privateer captured and crew taken into Halifax in Apr 1781. LCP:2/3, #438.


Active.

NR:219, LCP:2/3, CT sloop, LM 10 guns, 60 men, Capt Charles Bulkley, May 1781, #796. CTP:48/49, took part in capturing the British schooner Hazzard, but the Active was partially burned when General Arnold sacked and burned the town.


Active.

McM:232, R81II:287, C3, privateer brig of 14 guns, 41/42 men, Capt Charles Alexander in 1779, later under Capt John Patton, captured by British Oiseau, 26 Jun 1781.


Active.

NR:218, 219, LCP:2/3, PA brigantine, LM 10 guns, 18 men, Capt; Capt John Craig, Dec 1780, Capt Charles Biddle, Sep 1781. C77 shows that the PA brigantine Active under Capt John Craig was captured 5 Mar 1781 by British Stag.


Active.

VirginI:43, LM brig from Philadelphia in Virgin Islands in 1781.


Active.

McM:18, 101, CT schooner, 10 guns, 60 men, owned by John Wright & Comp. of Wethersfield, 1780 and 1781.


Active.

Capture:5, schooner of 85 tons, papers from both Salem and Canso, Nova Scotia, captured in Boston Bay 4 Oct 1782.


Active.

Paine:454, Salem, MA, brigantine, 11 guns 50 men, LM, May 1782, Capt William Ross of Beverly; and 14 guns, 60 men, 1782, Capt Johnson Briggs of Salem/Beverly.


Active

of MA State Navy. Allen:66, 18 gun brigantine under John Allen Hallet.


Active.

RM3:521, 523, RM5:265, brigantine in Cont. service, not part of the navy, Capt John Hodges, sent to Havana to raise specie by Robert Morris, to join the Alliance, under Capt John Barry, and accept his orders, May 1782. RM6:136, vessel captured by British frigate Prosperine and taken to Jamaica, Capt Hodges returning from prison in 1782.


Active.

McM:474/475, NJ whaleboat under Capt Adam Hyler which captured several vessels in New York waters.


Active.

NJNavy:216, in 1782 an armed boat of the NJ naval militia.


Active.

RM7:732, French frigate which arrived from France at Chester, 22 Apr 1783.


Adam.

Allen:67, NR10:476, ND5:1082, commanded by George Creighton in Jul 1776, to sail to Hispanolia.


Adams.

ND6:527, ship, probably American, active, fall, 1776, arrived at Nantz from Cadiz, 3 Aug 1776. There is mention of a RI sloop under Capt Shokely, not otherwise accounted for.


Adams.

ND8:977, ND10:530, MA prison ship, formerly the bark John, Capt Joseph Dobel, 16 May 1777. ND9:162, American ship, Lt, Cont. Navy, Joseph Dobel, formerly the John, converted to MA state prison ship, 24 June 1777.


Adams.

NR:219, LCP:2/3, ND9:352, ND10:590, ND11:377n, CT sloop, LM, 14 guns, 80 men, Capt and owner Edward Beebe, Jul 1777, #676.


Adams.

ND10:476, ND11:212, 288, 325, MA trading ship, Capt Luther Turner, 1778.


Adams.

RM8:191, brig, Capt Henry Putnam, which carried troops from Charleston to Annapolis, paid 17 June 1783. This was the movement of General Nathaniel Greene's army in May 1783.


Addition.

Allen:67, McM:210, NH brigantine, privateer, 8 guns, 20 men, commanded by Joseph Pratt of Salem in Jun 1780.


Addition.

NR:219, LCP:2/3, PA privateer schooner, 10 guns, 45 men, Capt John Craig/Craige, Dec 1778, #1002; Capt James Spencer, Jun 1779, #1036.


Adelaide.

French frigate mentioned in 1784 Cont. Congress, p 598.


Adelgonda/Addellgunte Loewise/Louissa.

CTP:73, ND7:854, 922, 1260, Dutch transport/British ship captured 3 Jan 1776 by CT schooner Eagle, Capt Isaac Field, and sloop True Blue, Capt Oliver Allen. C108.


Admiral/Amiral.

JA6:153-154, 170-71, mentioned in 1778 by John Adams as a French prison ship.


Admiral Barrington.

Mc:110, Neeser:152, 154, British privateer schooner, 5 guns, 37 men, captured by the Revenge or Surprise of Dunkirk, France, Capt Gustavus Conyngham, in Nov 1778 and sent to Martinique.


Admiral d'Estaing.

RM9:513, apparently a French ship active after the war ended. Its war record is not known.


Admiral Duff.

McMA:121/123, British ship, 32 guns, Capt Richard Stranger, blew up when attacked by the MA Protector, 26 guns, 9 Jun 1780. C248.


Admiral Durell.

R82I:237, American or Dutch vessel, 7 men, captured in 1781 by British Chatham.


Admiral General.

R81II:167, FW4:642, Dutch naval vessel, 74 guns, Capt Kinsbergen/Kinsbogen, Vice Admiral Zoutman, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781, 48 men killed or wounded.


Admiral Keppel.

Paullin:369, CTN:86, 175, CTP:305, British LM, 18 guns, Capt Abraham Brown, captured by CT vessels Oliver Cromwell and Defense, Capt Samuel Smedley, 13 Apr 1778, later sold at auction. JA6:244.


Admiral Montague.

Force:5:III:1525, ND7:859, American sloop, master John Joy/Hay, Hispaniola to Rhode Island, captured 1776 by British Camilla.


Admiral Parker.

ND9:963, 967, 968, British schooner tender, while chasing the Revenge, ran on reef and was burned, though Americans did salvage cannon from the wreck.


Admiral Pocock.

Fowler 137, a British-built cutter, 10 guns, 100 men, bought at Dunkirk, France, by Capt Conyngham and renamed Surprise.


Admiral Piet Heln.

R81II:166, R82II:168, FW4:642, Dutch navy vessel, 54 guns, Capt Van Braam, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781, 64 men killed or wounded. Capt J. Stavorine, 1782.


Admiral de Reister.

FW3:858, 68 guns, put into commission by the Admiralty of Amsterdam, Jul 1780.


Admiral Rodney.

CTP:145, British brig, formerly the American brig General Gates of Boston, 10 guns, Jamaica to New York, rum cargo, captured 23 Apr 1781 by the CT sloop Lively, Capt Edward Latham. C180.


Admiral de Ruyter.

R81II:165, FW4:642, Dutch navy vessel, 68 guns, under Rear-Admiral J. A. Zoutman, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781, 103 sailors killed or wounded.


Admiral Shuldham.

ND3:422, ND4:903, 1050, British transport, Capt James Mather, possibly captured by Americans, 1775.


Admiral Zoutman/Youtman.

Dandridge:421, NR:219, LCP:2/3, ship of Philadelphia, PA, LM, 8 guns, 30 men, Capt William McFaden, Jan 1782, #925, captured and crew taken to Jersey prison ship in 1782.


Adonis.

ND2:1024, Jamaica brig captured by British Kingfisher, Capt James Montague, off Jamestown, 14 Nov 1775.


Adrain.

Force:5:III:1524, ND5:1133, American brig, Capt George Kelly, Philadelphia to France, captured in 1776 by British Orpheus and King's Fisher.


Adraine.

Fowler:147, this may be the sloop Adraine.


Adriaan & Jan.

ND7:799, Capt Wessell Miller in 21 Dec 1776.  DaviesXVI:505, Dutch vessel, Capt Cooringer, to sail from the Hague to St Eustatius with American Officers and dispatches, Apr 1780.


Adriana.

ND8:490, ND9:101, 609, 324, ND11:126, American sloop, Bermuda type, Capt George Codwise, captured by Antigua and Endeavor, Capts Sweeney & Fraser, condemned 4 Apr 1777, taken into R. N. as the Pelican, 1777, eventually rigged as a brig.


Adriana.

NR:220, LCP:2/3, MD sloop, LM, 15 guns 47 men, Capt Joseph Vesey, Oct 1778.


Adriana.

SCNavy:82, brig moved to Hog Island Creek, SC, to keep a sharp lookout, 7 Mar 1780.


Adriana.

FordXVI:281, brigantine, Master Josiah Hill, for Martinique and Europe, with rice and indigo shipped by Henry Laurens, Mar 1780. FW3:516, this may be the vessel of SC. This may be the brig mentioned in Cont. Congress, pages 269, 281.


Adriana.

NR:220, LCP:2/3, PA brigantine, LM, 8 guns 25 men, Capt William Miller, Oct 1780, #1069; Capt Robert Alcorn/Andrews, Jul 1781. R82II:273, brig captured by four British privateers, 1782.


Advance.

ND3:150, ND7:381, Boston sloop, Capt Nehemiah Eastman, captured by Philip Hodgkins of MA 23 Nov 1775. Philip Hodgson was given permission to libel this vessel in the MA Admiralty Court, 18 Dec 1775.


Adventure.

ND1:380, 482, 1344, ??? ship, Capt Brown, probably British, active 1775.


Adventure.

ND1:1244, ??? snow, Capt Henzell, probably British, active 1775.


Adventure.

McM:203, British ship captured in Sep 1775 by the privateer sloop of Plymouth, MA, under Capt Thomas Nicholson.


Adventure.

ND4:172, British ship, Capt Richard Chapman, of Jamaica, captured at Savannah but liberated 4 Mar 1776 by Capt Barkley & Major Grant.  ND6:1100, ship, Capt Richard Chapman, shows capture by sloop America, 23 Sep 1776.


Adventure.

ND7:80, ND6:1049, ship of Jersey, British, active 17 Oct 1776 when captured by Providence and burned.  ND7:749, ship of Jersey, burnt by American Providence, late 1776.  ND6:1049, 1302, British ship captured in 1776 by American Providence. (This may have been the Jersey ship.)


Adventure.

ND8:998, ship Capt Freaser, chased ashore and burned, Apr or May 1777. ND7:80, 749, this may be the ship of Jersey, burned by Providence, 1776/77.


Adventure.

Force:5:III:1527, British vessel from Isle Madam to Market, burned.


Adventure.

R76III:312, British vessel, Isle Madam to market, captured 1776.


Adventure.

Hearn:232, British brig, prize to Americans.


Adventure.

R77:405, ND8:1045NR10:1205, British schooner, 17 tons, Capt Richard Hinckley/Noinskley, Leeward Islands (Dominica) to Halifax, captured by Revenge, Capt Joseph Conkling, 30 May 1777 or 16 Jul 1777, and libelled in Southern District, MA, Court.


Adventure.

R77:405, British vessel, Newfoundland to Bilbao, 1777.


Adventure.

R77:513, ND10:1205, British sloop, 60 tons, Capt Foot, Halifax to Bay of Fundy, captured by Blackbird, 23 Dec 1777. Also shown as Yarmouth to Cumberland, 1777. ND10:664-65, libelled in MA Middle District.


Adventure.

R77:513, British vessel, Capt Rawlinson, Ireland to New York, taken and retaken, 1777.


Adventure.

ND10:870, 1006, apparent British schooner, captured by the American Hawke, and taken into Bilbao, where it was claimed by Ventura Gomez de la Torre & Barrena, and it was declared an unlawful prize. Capt may have been Philip de Gorrequer/Correquer.


Adventure.

Mc:448, British snow, joint Continental prize, Sep 1778.


Adventure.

NR10:1207, British sloop, Capt Glas, 50 tons, from Nova Scotia, captured by the Beaver, 24 Aug 1779,


Adventure.

DaviesXVI:188, British vessel, Capt Robert Salmon, captured by Frence by Oct 1779.


Adventure.

CTP:178, British sloop captured in May 1779, by CT armed boat, Prudence Capt Israel Stoddard, Hornet Capt Charles Jenks, and other CT privateers.


Adventure.

CTP:209, British sloop, Capt Thomas Jackson, from Tobago, captured 29 Aug 1779 by CT sloop Revenge, Capt Nathan Post. C246.


Adventure.

NR10:1208, British brig, Capt Carpenter, 150 tons, London to Halifax, taken by the Deane, 23 Aug 1780.


Adventure.

Capture:5-6, British ship from New York to Liverpool, prize of an American privateer which sent her to Salem, MA, retaken by a British privateer Resolution, commander Thomas Ross,  July, year not stated. Kaminkow:219, this may be the recapture of a prize of the American Comet, March, 1781.


Adventure.

Mc:49, British brig, prize of the Continental Alliance, under Capt John Barry, May 1781. RM1:308, this may be the Jamaican brig with cargo of sugar. The prize money was to be used to complete the America, being built at Portsmouth, NH.


Adventure

CTP:120, Bermuda sloop, Capt James Newman, captured near Turks Island on 29 Sep 1781, CT sloop Hermione/Harmony, Capt Thomas Hopkins. C156.


Adventure.

NR10:1209, British schooner, Capt/Seaman Thomas Knowlton, 50 tons, from Nova Scotia, taken by the MA sloop privateer, Lively, 12 Feb 1782.


Adventure.

CTP:139, American schooner, Capt Peter Collas, British goods, New York to Sag Harbor, captured 15 Sep 1782 by CT galley John, Capt Jonathan Alden. C2.


Adventure.

ND1:1364, 1376, ND3:1369, schooner, Capt Abraham Bartlett, 68 tons, 6 men, Annapolis, MD to St. Lucia, with flour, Jan 1775, returned from Hispaniola, Dec 1775. ND3:1369, at Baltimore from Jamaica, Oct 1775. This seems to be an American schooner.


Adventure.

ND2:206, American sloop, Capt Benjamin Clark, permit to be piloted down Delaware River and Bay, Sep 1775.


Adventure.

ND3:448, apparently an American vessel owned by John Hobson of London, 1776.


Adventure.

ND4:245, ND5:212, American sloop, Capt Francis Boardman, captured by HM Falcon, 8 Mar 1776.


Adventure.

Force:5:III:1524, ND7:299, American vessel, Master Job Prince, Boston to Hispaniola, captured in 1776 by British Perseus.


Adventure.

Paullin:397, VA Navy schooner, 1776. Dandridge:186 and VANavy:160, ND5:431, ND6:239, 919, 1242, ND7:328, show a schooner, Capt William Saunders, at Hobbs Hole, Jul 1776, sent to St. Eustatius on trade mission, Dec 1776. Eller:174, 201, a schooner/pilot boat/trader for the Bay, 1777, disposition unknown. VANavy:159, pilot boat of VA Navy which patrolled the Rappahannock River in 1776, Capt John Calvert.


Adventure.

Coggins:102, brig of the VA Navy, 1776, sold to the state by Maximilian Calvert in Apr 1776. Selby:175, this may be the vessel suggested for a cargo of tobacco to Dunkirk, France in 1777.


Adventure.

Robertson:179, eleven ships of this name were litigated before the Vice-Admiralty Court in Port Royal, Kingston, Jamaica, during the war.


Adventure.

ND6:1170, American schooner, captured by British Boreas, 27 Sep 1776.


Adventure.

Robertson(1959):145, schooner of Nantucket, captured by British near Jamaica in 1776.


Adventure.

ND7:121, brigantine, Capt Seth Paddock, bound for Nantes in France, 12 Nov 1776, Capt giving assurances than no part would go to Britain.


Adventure.

Force:5:III:1525-25, American schooner, master William Pile, St Croix to Philadelphia, in 1776 boarded by British Roebuck, Capt Hamond, and cargo removed. ND7:629, Capt Pile was given the empty schooner and his freedom in Dec 1776. He apparently made a list of American prisoners 30 Dec 1776.


Adventure.

NR:221, LCP:3/4, ND11:220, NH schooner, LM, 4 guns 16 men, Capt James Johnson, of Exeter, Dec 1776, #4.


Adventure.

Paullin:406, ND6:728, 1296, 1326, ND7:932, ND8:1056, VA schooner, VA Navy Capt Lawrence Sanford, ordered to Dunkirk, 16 Oct 1776, captured by British Roebuck, 11/17 Jan 1777. R77:233, ND11:126, C270, VA Navy brig, Capt Lawrence Sandford/Langford, sailing from Cape Nicholas, captured by British Roebuck, condemned at Antigua 18 Feb 1777


Adventure.

ND7:467, schooner, probably MD, Capt Thomas Robinson, bill of lading for 12 Dec 1776. ND10:704, MD privateer schooner, Capt Thomas Robinson, bond issued 20 Oct 1777. This schooner may have been captured in Jan 1777 by British privateer Reprisal.


Adventure.

Appeals:xxxviii, 162:13:106, the schooner versus Young. ND8:123, 136, 1053, probably the British ship, Capt William Young, captured by Sally, 1777. R77:231, American ship, Capt William Young, from St Croix, captured by British Sally in 1777.


Adventure.

Salley:49, sloop in SC records, removed by the President of the SC Navy Board into Rebellion Road, 1777.


Adventure.

R77:232, ND7:1047, ND8:1055, American ship, Capt William Jones, from Hispaniola, captured by British Phoenix 27 Jan 1777.


Adventure.

ND7:1037, R77:233, ND11:126, American sloop, Capt Thomas Nevell/Nowell, from St Thomas, recaptured by British Perseus, Capt George Keith Elphinstone, 30 Jan 1777, and condemned in Antigua, 3 Mar 1777.


Adventure.

ND8:162, ND11:449, American sloop, Capt Edward Frith, loaded with rice and indigo, captured by British Hound, Capt James Robinson, 5 Mar 1777.


Adventure.

ND7:1252, snow, Capt William Coffin, captured by British Camilla, Perseus, 20 Feb 1777. R77:233, ND11:126, American snow from Newberry, MA, Capt William Coffin, captured by British Perseus, Capt George Keith Elphinstone, condemned at Antigua, 14 Mar 1777.


Adventure.

ND10:1205, American schooner, Capt Richard Hinckley, captured by British Revenge, 16 Jul 1777.


Adventure.

BD:XIII:185, American vessel, Martinique to VA, chased by British Worcester, Aug 1777. ND10:866-67, sloop captured by Worcester, c 1777.


Adventure,

of Beverly, MA, schooner, 48 tons, 6 carriage, 8 swivel guns, 35 men. Howe:405, privateer, Capt Robert Newman.


Adventure.

ND10:870, schooner, Capt Philip de Correquer, captured 4 Oct 1777.


Adventure.

ND10:91, American schooner, Capt S. Merchant, captured by British Lady Parker, 9 Oct 1777.


Adventure.

ND10:390, sloop captured by Liberty and Patriot, c 1777.


Adventure.

ND11:451, American ship, loaded with salt, etc, captured by British Aeolus, Capt Charles Atkins, 1777.


Adventure.

NR:221, LCP:3/4, MD schooner, LM, 3 guns, 7 men, Capt. Thomas Robinson, Oct 1777. ND11:128, shows schooner condemned 5 Feb 1777 after capture by Reprisal, Capt William Bell. (This could be an earlier vessel under Capt Robinson.)


Adventure.

ND10:461, schooner, Capt Jean Baptiste Le Brun, probably French, active 1777, and captured by British Stork, 13 Nov 1777.


Adventure.

ND10:481, ND11:452, VA schooner, Capt Boner, VA to Cape François with salt, etc, captured by the British Stork, Capt Francis L'Montais, 18 Nov 1777.


Adventure.

ND11:50, 644, R78:99, VA sloop, Capt William Ricker, captured by British Grasshopper and sent to Antigua, 14 Mar 1778.


Adventure.

VirginI:48, in 1778 a privateer schooner of Boston in Virgin Islands.


Adventure.

Capture:6, brigantine bound for West Indies captured 6 Dec 1778 near Frenchman's Bay.


Adventure.

M880:4, VA vessel, Capt Robert Seldon, captured 25 Mar 1778 by British Enterprise, crew sent to prison ship Felicity.


Adventure.

Allen:67, Read:833, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 15 men, Jan 1779, Capt John O'Brien of Machias. Leamon:100, MA privateer brigantine, Capt John O'brien of ME, 6 guns.


Adventure.

Allen:67, MA privateer brigantine, 8 guns, 30 men, Jan 1779, Capt Joseph Tripp.


Adventure.

Allen:68, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 35 men, 45 tons, Sep 1779, Capt Robert Newman.


Adventure.

McPA:319, American ship, owned partly by Stephen Girard, St François to Philadelphia, captured by British, later recaptured by French under Count d'Estaing and restored to owners, who sold ship and cargo in Charleston in late 1779.


Adventure.

Appeals Case 106, American schooner captured by the British Raleigh, then recaptured by the privateer Fortunate, Capt Martial Boitar. It was also claimed by the privateer Hazard, Capt Hezekiah Anthony.


Adventure.

NR:221, LCP:3/4, PA schooner, LM, 6 guns 20 men, Capt John McIlnoe, Jun 1779, #1043.


Adventure.

NR:221, LCP:2/3, PA brig, LM, 8 guns, 80 men, Capt John Leamy, Jul 1780.


Adventure.

Allen:68, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 25 men, May 1780, Capt William James.


Adventure.

Allen:68, NR:221, LCP:2/3, MA privateer brigantine, LM, 14 guns, 70 men, Sep 1780, Capt James Morris of Boston.  MAS1:184, 390, brig, Capt James Morris, in service in Sep 1780, from MA, crewmen listed in MAS.


Adventure.

Allen:68, LCP:4/5, MA privateer ship, LM, 6 guns, 45 men, Nov 1780, Capt Hector McNeill of Boston, #315.


Adventure.

JA9:398, 10:172, American brigantine, later Penelope, 1780, possibly one of the above.


Adventure.

Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.


Adventure/Aventure.

SchV:62, French privateer, 20 guns, captured in 1780 at Charleston by Vice-Admiral Arbuthnot.


L'Adventure.

Paullin:433, French vessel, 26 guns, sent for the defence of SC in 1780.


Adventure.

M880:4, Baltimore vessel, Capt George Sermon, moved supplies in support of Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Adventure.

Allen:68, LCP:4/5, MA privateer ship, 8 guns, 40 men, Nov 1781, Capt Edward Bacon, Jr, of Barnstable, #146.


Adventure.

Allen:68-69, Paine:454, LCP:2/3, Salem, MA privateer brig of 4 guns, 10 men, 1781, Capt J. Gardner of Salem; Aug 1782, Capt Jonathan Tucker of Salem, #81, captured and taken to Bermuda.


Adventure.

LCP:3/4, C301, PA schooner, 4 guns, 9 men, Capt Mathew Storey/Strong, May 1782, #926.


Adventure.

R81II:259, American brig captured in 1781 by British Amphitrite.


Adventure.

LCP:2/3, CTP:49, C287, CT row galley, 6 swivel guns, 30 men, Capt Samuel Smith, Jr, #877, Jul 1781, captured the British schooner Sword Fish.


Adventure.

Allen:69, LCP:2/3, MA privateer brig, 12 guns, 20 men, Oct 1782, Capt Joseph Chase of Nantucket, #222.


Adventure.

Robertson(1959):104fn, eleven vessels of this name were captured by the British and brought before the Admiralty Court at Kingston, Jamaica.

Adventure,

schooner of Beverly, MA, 48 tons, 6 carriage, 8 swivel guns, 35 men. Howe:405, Capt William James of Beverly, this does not seem to be the same vessel.


Adventure.

Robertson(1959):190, ship of Stonington, CT, captured near Jamaica and taken there.


Adventure.

Kaminkow:5, captured by Jan 1782 with crew members to Mill Prison.


Adventure.

Mc:57, American vessel, captured by the British, recaptured in Aug 1782 by the Alliance, Capt John Barry, and sent to New London, CT.


Adventure.

Mc:57, American brigantine, captured two days earlier by a British privateer, recaptured near New London in 1782 by the Alliance.


Adventurer.

Mc:296, British privateer, captured Jul 1779, by MA privateer Jason, Capt John Manley.


Adventurer.

Ford12:1122, schooner, Capt Joseph Tassis, waiting at Petersburg, VA, Nov 1778, loaded with flour and bread for the French, cargo purchased by Minister Gérard, who requested permission to send the vessel to its destination. This may be schooner mentioned in Cont. Congress, 1778, p 1122.


Adventurer.

DaviesXIII:185, American vessel, 1777/78. M880:4, VA vessel, captured 25 May 1778 by British Enterprise,  with crew sent to New York prison ship Felicity.


Adventurer's prize.

Mill:140, 213, British vessel captured by the Adventurer, privateer of Boston, date and name not known, but which was re-captured by the British, Oct 1781, prize crew sent to Mill Prison.


Adventurer.

Mill140, 213, privateer of Boston, was taken Dec 1781, crew sent to Mill Prison in 1782.


Adventurous Fisherman.

Allen:69, LCP:3/4schooner, 2 guns, 10 men, commanded by Nicholas Bartlett, Jr. of Marblehead, #77. C18, captured Oct 1779 by British.


Aeolus.

ND4:884, being repaired as of 2 Feb 1776.


Aetna.

Maclay:76, M:227, C32, 118, ND4:526, ND5:287, ND7:834, ND8:86, 307, ND9:942, PA fire sloop, 1776/77, Capts John Brice, William Gamble, and William Clark, used to defend the Delaware.


Affee & Hannah.

ND4:517, Robertson(1959): 147, sloop of New Bern, NC, Capt Benjamin Bell, registered at Beaufort, carried 4 men, taken by the British Squirrel near Jamaica, 2 Jan 1776.


De Africaan.

Peabody:239, Dutch merchant ship boarded in 1782 by the British Grand Turk but allowed to pass. [This refers to the brig Grand Turk in the War of 1812.]


Africa.

DaviesVII:170, American brig, Capt Samuel Thomas, part owner Phillips Comyn, libeled in West Florida Admiralty Court, Sep 1775.


Africa.

ND4:977, brig belonging to Marblehead, MA, loading cargo from the Spanish and French Coast of Europe, Mar 1776.


Africa.

ND11:125, ship, Capt Joseph Ripley, captured by HMS Hind, Capt Henry Byrne, condemned 4 Jul 1776.


El Africa.

SchIV:371, Spanish warship, 70 guns in tolerable condition at Cadiz, Sep 1781, but needing some repair. It took part in the 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.


African.

ND6:613, 620, ND7:710, apparently a British snow, Capt Thomas Baker, 22 Aug 1776, blown up by MA privateer Rover.


Agatha.

ND3:309, 643-45, American vessel, Capt Wilson, moved rum from the Grenadines to Virginia in violation of regulations, Aug 1775.


Agatha.

ND7:841, VA Navy sloop, Capt Robert Elam, purchased to be fitted 1 Jan 1777.


Agnes.

R76II:343, 312, ND6:1045, 1061, British vessel, Capt William Mather, Antigua to London, 100 tons, captured by American Sally, 1776, but retaken. Force:5:III:1527, 1526, Capt Mather, Antigua to Liverpool, 100 tons, taken by Americans and retaken by the British Cerberus in 1776. British brig captured by the American Sally under Capt James Munro Sep 1776, but was recaptured 30 Sep 1776 by British naval squadron and taken to New York. ND6 shows the recapture by Syren.


Agnes.

ND6:1215, British brigantine, 200 tons, Capt Henry Lawson, captured 27 Jul 1781 by the CT sloop Hamlin, Capt Timothy Starr. NLHS:I:IV:21, this vessel had sailed from Gibraltar to England and had been captured by the Junius Brutus, then retaken by the British Hornet, who ordered her to New York, then recaptured by the Hamlin. C295.


Agnus.

Robertson(1959):49, schooner captured by the British in 1778.


El Aguila de España.

Lewis:126, Spanish ship worth 40,000 pounds condemned by the Bahamian Vice Admiralty Court.


Aigle.

DaviesXIX:237, French ship captured, Commodore de la Touche, off New York 9 Oct 1782. RM6:381 shows the Aigle run aground by a British 74 gun ship and destroyed, but the crew and specie aboard were rescued by the sister ship Gloire and taken into Philadelphia. SchV:45, worked with La Gloire to capture vessels off the American coast. SchV:59, French vessel, 42 guns, 350 men, 250 soldiers, captured off the Delaware in 1732 by the Warwick and a small squadron under Capt G. K. Elphinstone.


Aigle.

SchV:59, French vessel, 22 guns, 136 men, captured in 1782 off Cape Henry by the British Duc de Chartres, Capt J. C. Purvis. Kennett:67, probably the corvette taken from the British and assigned to de Guichen in 1780, captured 14 Sep 1782.


L'Aigrette.

ND5:1318, ND6:621, ND7:535, Eller:498, 503, French Navy frigate, 32 guns, Capt Thomas d'Ovres, at St Pierre Jul 1776. Beerman:195-197, she fetched the Spanish specie at Matanzas for the Chesapeake Bay operation in August 1781 and then rejoined the French fleet on its way to Chesapeake Bay. She was the patrol ship at Chesapeake entrance. Comm:116-118, crew listing.


L'Aimable.

Annual Register 21:182, this may be the 26 gun frigate, Capt Sr. Cofine, in Count D'Estaing's Squadron in 1778. SchV:59, French vessel, 32 guns, 260 men, captured 19 Apr 1782 in the Mona Passage by the squadron under Rear-Admiral S. Hood. Comm:92-94, crew listing for 1779.


L'Amiable Constance.

CTP:55, British brigantine, Capt James Devereux, captured in 1780 by the CT sloop Beaver, Capt William Havens.


Aimable Dorothée.

ND8:881, ND9:386, French brigantine, Capt Jean Baptiste LeBrun, searched 31 May 1777 by Br Monarch.


Aimable Elizabeth.

CC:M247, R58, #44, pp 401-431, French brig, prize case. This may be the vessel mentioned in 1784 in Cont. Congress, pp 411, 583.


Aimable Eugénie.

M&S:277, 279, Beaumarchais ship, Capt Nicholas Baudin, purchased by his assistant Francy, 600 tons, 28/32 guns, 1782, but which was eventually captured by British in Dec 1782.


L'Amiable Felice.

ND7:491, schooner, Capt John de Silver, probably French, active 1777.


Aimable François.

DaviesXIII:367, XVI:16-17, French vessel and mail captured by British, but later returned, Oct 1778.


L'Amiablae Louise.

ND7:1184, schooner, probably French, Capt Seinaud de Vic, captured by Br. Pelican.


Aimable Magdalen.

DaviesXIII:185, French vessel apparently boarded or captured and letters taken, Oct 1778.


L'Amiable Marie.

ND6:650, sloop, Capt Peter Douville, active 1776.


Aimable Marie.

Rice:I:118n, French transport with de Ternay and Rochambeau in 1780, one of thirty.


L'Aimable Reine.

ND11:973, 981, Malo:948, French ship of Dunkirk with cargo of tobacco, Capt Paul Berthelot, which was stopped and boarded by a British fleet or (British privateer Swan), then forced to go to New York with the fleet, 24 Feb 1777. France was not yet in the war, but the case inflamed sentiments.


Aimable Suzanne.

M&S:230, 244, 246-47, Beaumarchais ship, 300 tons, at Nantes in 1779, waiting for convoy to the West Indies, thence to Chesapeake Bay and back to France, if everything went according to plan. It was caught at Savannah during the 1779 siege, got out to sea, then was captured by British and crew sent to New York prison. She was recaptured by the American Mifflin and taken to Boston by early 1780.


Ainslie.

R77:513, NR10:1206, British schooner, Capt Peper, 60 tons, Halifax to Quebec, by the Lizard, 11 Dec 1777, in court 13 Jan 1778.


Ajax.

LCP:3/4, C140, PA brigantine, 8 guns, 35 men, Capt John Harr, #882, Jan 1781.


Ajax.

Capture:6, brigantine captured by Americans but recaptured by British prior to 17 Oct 1778.


Ajax.

Kaminkow:219, captured Aug 1781.


Ajax.

NavCronIV:373, Dutch warship, 24 guns, Capt Count de Welderen, at Dogger Bank, Aug 1781.


Ajax.

LG:654, 656, 658, French warship, 64 guns, was to depart Isle-de-France with Suffren for India, 1782/83.


Alarm.

ScharfI:226, apparently a DL pilot boat, recaptured by Americans in 1776.


Alarm.

C220, CT sloop, 10 guns, 15 men, Capt Thomas Newsom, June 1782.


Albacore.

Manley:95, American privateer ship, 16 guns, known as the Royal Louis, captured by British Nymphe, Amphion in 1781 and put in British navy as the Albacore.


Albany

ND1:1246-47, ship, Capt John Bunyon, shippers Charles McEvers & Comp., probably British, to ship wheat from New York to Lisbon, Aug 1775.


Albion.

ND1:760, ND4:843, ??? ship Master Thomas Crippen, probably British, active 1775, and had vegetables on board for British fleet, 16 Feb 1776.


Albion.

ND2:395, ??? ship, Capt John Nicols, paid port fees at Oxford, MD, 28 Aug 1775.


Albion.

ND6:570, sloop, Capt Hogg, probably British, active in fall 1776, when it arrived at Cork 23 Aug 1776.


Albion.

ND8:39, 95, 175, ND9:258, ship, Capt Alexander Thompson, probably British, at South Quay, 6 Mar 1777, and cruising to New York 20 June 1777.


Albion.

Capture:6, British brigantine captured by Americans but recaptured by British 18 June 1781.


Albion.

ND10:1209, British sloop, 90 tons, West Indies to Halifax, taken by the Porus, 25 Jul 1782.


Albion.

Selby:149, a VA vessel built on Blackwater River, was purchased by a group of VA merchants who were anxious to go home to England; however, the vessel was captured in Albemarle Sound by British, but Patrick Henry negotiated that she continue, which she finally did on 15 Jun 1777.


Alceste.

Villiers:302, French war vessel, escorted convoy to Cadiz and Martinique, 1781.


Alcide.

NR:162, 163.


Alcmène.

ND11:1132-32, French Navy frigate, Lt of Vessel Pierre-René-Bénigue, Comte de Bonneval Ruffo, ready to depart France in the D'Estaing squadron, Mar 1778. SchV:58, French vessel, 32 guns, 220 men, captured in Oct-Nov 1779 in the West Indies in the aftermath of the Siege of Savannah by the Prosperpine, Capt G. A. Byron.


Alert.

Mc:34, ND11:589, British Army armed schooner, Master Daniel Moore of British Army Engineers, prize of barge flotilla under Capt John Barry, captured Mar 1777 at the Delaware. This vessel may have become an American warship.


Alert.

FM3:602, SchV:42, British vessel (cutter), 14 guns, Capt W. G. Fairfax, captured in 1778 off the coast of France by La Sensible and La Junon. JA5:308, 311, mentioned by John Adams in 1778.


Alert.

McM:470/471, British sloop of war/cutter captured by Capt Hyler in a NJ gunboat 24 Apr 1782.


Alert.

Emmons:48/49, Mc:57, 125, British privateer, master Russell, captured by the Alliance, Capt John Barry, in Feb 1781.

Alert.

Howe:432, privateer schooner operating in 1779 under Capt Jacob Oliver of Beverly.


Alert.

British cutter, 14 guns, captured during the Siege of Savannah, 1779, then put into French service. Comm:107-109, in d'Estaing's fleet in 1779, crew listed.


Alerte.

SchV:58, French vessel, 18 guns, 70 men, captured in 1781 in North America by the British Perseverance, Capt S. Lutwidge.


Alert.

VANavy:174, brig, Capt Edward Woneycut, which was flag vessel of the VA emergency fleet of 1781. C20, schooner, 4 guns, 2 swivels, Capt W. Beall of MD, in 1782.


Alexander.

Mc:216, ND6:1397, ND9:76, 157, 171, British ship 250 tons, captured Sep 1776 or 7 Nov 1776 by American Providence under 1st Lt John Paul Jones. Force:5:III:1527, probably under Capt John Hill or Capt Leice/Luce, Isle Madam to market. ND7:749, 751, ship. Those who got prize shares were listed in MAS.


Alexander.

Force:5:III:1527, British vessel, captured 1776. Emmons:40/41, this may be the tender to the Glasgow, under Lt Snead, captured by the American Wasp.


Alexander.

Force:5:III:1527, British sloop, captured 1776.


Alexander.

M:161, ND10:725, ND11:368, 547, British brig, Capt James Waddie, Halifax to Jamaica, joint prize of MA Tyrannicide, Hazard, Dec 1777, but this prize was lost to recapture.


Alexander.

R77:513, British vessel, Capt Welley, Halifax to Jamaica, 1777.


Alexander.

ND10:1207, British sloop, Capt Monkhouse, 70 tons, Grenada to Halifax, captured by the Active, and tried, 5 Aug 1777.


Alexander.

ND6:313, ship sunk in Wilmington, NC, harbor, Capt William Campbell, owner, 1776. Campbell took the sails and other equipment and refused to give them up.


Alexander.

ND6:1071, vessel in company with Pallas, 30 Sep 1776.


Alexander.

ND7:122, snow, Capt Bartholomew Tentart, just arrived in the James River with specie from New Orleans, allowed to sail to any destination approved by Congress, 1776.


Alexander.

ND9:466, British brig, Capt H. Williams, ready to sail for Dublin, 30 June1777.


Alexander.

British sloop, Capt Monkhouse, captured Jul 1779 by MA Privateer schooner Active.


Alexander.

Eller:319, ND7:1233, MA snow, Capt Barnabas Gardner, captured by British Phoenix, 18 Feb 1777.


Alexander.

ND9:303, 339, American sloop, Capt Peter Ridge, captured by British Emerald, 20 Jul 1777.


Alexander.

ND10:1131, CC:M247, R110, #83, merchant vessel, Capt John Williamson, in 1777 moved military supplies from Cadiz to America. Ford17:466, by order of Arthur Lee, from Gardoqui & Sons, from Bilboa to America, 1777/78.


Alexander.

ND10:854, sloop, Capt James Cuthbert, captured prior to 2 Oct 1777 by Br. Camel.


Alexander.

LCP:4/5, C71, MD privateer brigantine, 12 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Conway, Nov 1779.


Alexander.

Eller:42, American privateer which moved tobacco to Amsterdam, along with the George Washington and the Maryland.


Alexander.

ND10:911, ND11:70, American ship, Capt Thomas Blandell, captured by HMS Enterprise in Bay of Biscay, 14 Oct 1777.


Alexander.

R78:99, ND11:192, 644, Salem, MA, brig, Capt James Wadie, later Capt Joseph Lane, captured by British Yarmouth, Capt Nicholas Vincent,  22 Jan 1778.


Alexander.

Allen:69, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 8 swivels, 20 men, 100 tons, Mar 1780, Capt Alexander Coffin.


Alexander.

Maclay:120, McM:376, Portsmouth, NH, privateer in use by Dec 1780.


Alexander.

C242, Kaminkow:219, Lux:39-40, 112, and others, recapture 21 Nov 1781 of a prize of the South Carolina, Capt James Pike as Prize Master, prize crew to Mill Prison.


Alexander.

Allen:69, MA privateer ship, 20 guns, 150 men, Jan 1781, Capt Thomas Simpson of Portsmouth, NH; ship of 14 guns, 60 men, Jan 1782, same Capt.


Alexander.

Allen:69, LCP:4/5, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 14 men, Oct 1781, Capt Gideon Crawford, Jr, of Providence, RI, #116.


Alexander.

H:198, American privateer, in naval engagement with British, Feb 1783. This was likely the following


Alexander.

Allen:69, MA privateer ship, 17 guns, 50 men, 200 tons, Jan 1783, Capt John Foster Williams of Boston.


Alexandre.

ND11:987-990, JA10:55, French Navy ship of the line, 64 guns, Capt Chevalier de Trémigon, in the d'Estaing Squadron in 1778. One vessel of this name was destroyed as unserviceable in 1783. Rice:I:312, perhaps the ship on which Pierre-Joseph Jennet served and from which he drew watercolor records of various engagements.


Alexandre.

M&S:277, 279, GM:310, Beaumarchais vessel with American crew and Captain Stephen Gregory, which was rented by Francy from Montieu. It sailed like a "tub full of holes," according to Capt Gregory. It was captured 12 Dec 1782 by the British HMS Vainqueur.


Alexandria.

R77:232, ND7:1233, American ship from Bedford, Capt Barnabas Gardner, captured by British Phoenix 18 Feb 1777.


Alexandria.

NR:224, Appeals Case 85, LCP:4/5, MD brigantine, LM, 12 guns 40 men, Capt John Thomas Boucher, Jul 1781.


Alexandrine.

ND11:58, 207, French brig, Capt Jean François Forand, captured in Jan 1778 by British . Emerald, Richmond.


Alfred.

Howe:337, ND6:1442, ND7:299, 561, British ship, Capt Thomas Callender, captured 20 Nov 1776 in the West Indies by the Retaliation. DaviesX:1245, Force:5:III:1527, probably under Capt Callendam, Jamaica to London, 300 tons. ND3:1041, Philadelphia to Bristol, Capt Richard Callender, arrived by 29 Jan 1776.


Alfred.

McM:220, McMA:178/179, British brig, 14 guns, Capt James Collinson, Liverpool to New York, captured by the American Pilgrim in 1781 and sent to Salem.


Alfred.

Smith:45-46, 166-167, Emmons:4, 40/41, ND9:254, ND11:625, 638, & many others, Continental Navy ship of 20/24 guns, 160 seamen and 63 Marines from Boston in New Providence Expediton, 1776, commanded by Commodore Esec Hopkins. She had formerly been the merchantman Black Prince. C58, 152, 269, Capts included Elisha Hinman, Dudley Saltenstall, John Paul Jones, and Samuel Chew. Captures included British brigantine Active, Betty, Hetty, 10 gun LMJohn from Liverpool, Anna Susannah; armed transport Mellish, snow Kitty, Duke of Grafton, Eagle, and at Canso, N. S., burned a transport bound for Canada, and captured a small schooner, then three colliers off Louisburg. Kamenkow:219, SchV:53, Connor:286fn (1877), Buel:87, 315, taken by British 9 Mar 1778 in West Indies by British frigates Ariadne and Ceres, with crew taken to Forton Prison. FW3:836 shows Capt of Ariadne to be Pringle. C256 shows capture of the Alfred, Capt Elisha Hinman, as 18 June 1778. C142, 324, a vessel of this name was captured in Jul 1778 or that is the date the crew reached Forton Prison. Crewmen are listed in MAS. Vessel frequently mentioned in Cont. Congress. JA6:143, The Alfred became the HMS Alfred and operated in the British Navy until it was sold in 1782. Howard:63, states a ship of this name was captured on a return voyage from France.


Alfred.

R76I:364, Capt Tatterson? in Continental fleet in 1776. This Alfred was equipped with a bomb brigantine under command of Cont. Lt, Walter Spooner in May 1776.


Alfred.

ND1:36, American ship, Capt John Barry, probably the one above.


Alicia/Alice.

Force:5:III:1527, ND6:1029, British brig, Capt Roger Haggat/Hogget, Dominica to Liverpool, 100 tons, taken by Americans and retaken by the British Galatea, 27 Sep 1776.


Alice/Ellis

ND9:381, 390, SC LM sloop, Capt John Porter, captured by British Foudroyant, 30 Apr 1777.


Algonquin.

ND10:1071, French vessel on James River 6 Dec 1777.


Allegiance.

Clark:I:121, SchV:45, British sloop of war, 14 guns, Capt D. Phipps, captured by French in 1782. It had captured the American King George in 1779. (See next entry.)


Allégeance.

Rice:I:257, French 14 gun ship was transport from Boston to Porto Cabello, Venezuela in Dec 1782. There may have been a 36 gun frigate of this name earlier.


Allen.

Smith:207, McMA:96, transport schooner, Capt Levi Tower, used in Penobscot Expedition, Jun/Jul 1779.


Allerman.

SchV:61, French privateer, captured in 1779 in the West Indies by the British Prosperpine, Capt G. A. Byron.


Allerton.

ND4:493-94, ??? brig, probably British with letter on board, describing engagement near Georgia, 24 Mar 1776.


Alliance.

VANavy:160, schooner, Capt Henry Stratton. It was captured off the Virginia Capes 16 Jul 1779.


Alliance.

Kaminkow:219, shows dates of capture of March 1779 and Dec 1779 as separate ships, but one date may be for capture and the other for the date the case came before the Vice-Admiralty Court. C7. One Alliance was captured in 1779, with prisoners arriving at Forton Prison, 9 Feb 1780.


Alliance's prize.

Mill 138, 211, 212, British vessel captured by the privateer cutter of Dunkirk, Alliance, name and date not recorded, but recaptured by the British in 1779 and prize crew sent to Mill Prison.


Alliance.

Mill 138, 211, 212, privateer cutter of Dunkirk, was itself taken by British June 1781, and its crew sent to Mill Prison.


Alliance.

JA6:233, 235, American privateer sloop, active 1778.


Alliance.

ND8:36, FW3:309, originally a 36 gun French frigate, which came under the American flag with Commodore John Paul Jones in Sep 1779, and Capt Pierre Landais. Connor:283, 286 (1878), frigate in action in 1779. C87, 178, this may be the vessel under Capt Pierre Landais, ship taken over by crew and placed under Cont. Navy Lt, James Arthur Degge, who was in command Aug 1780. JA8:19-20, 9:22, and many others. [This entry and the one below refer to the Continental Navy Frigate Alliance, never a French vessel, commanded in succession by Landais, Jones, Landais, and Barry. Thanks to reader KBGI for bringing this to my attention.]


Alliance.

Buel:87, frigate, newly constructed in 1778 at Salisbury, MA, Capt John Barry, 32 guns, 250 men. Smith:176-177, 286-291, Continental Navy frigate manned by captured British seaman, almost recaptured in a takeover plot in 1777. Capture:9-10, SchV:44, American ship, 40 guns, which captured the Atalante. Howard:157-161, in 1783, the Alliance went to the West Indies and on the return, fought the Sybil, a British frigate. The Alliance survived the war and was sold at auction in Aug, 1785. It was frequently mentioned in records of Cont. Congress.


Alligator.

SchV:45, British vessel, 16 guns, Capt J. Frodsham, captured in 1782 in the Bay of Biscay by the French La Fée.


Alligator.

ND11:1035, American privateer which had captured the British Hibernia, and an U/I ship and brig, was itself taken over by captured prisoners and collaborating Irish and English members of the Alligator crew. They captured the vessels 29 Jan 1778 and took them into the Bay of Fonchay in Feb 1778.


Alligator.

McM:43, CTP:182, American brigantine sailing from St Croix in Mar 1782, captured by British Centurion, then recaptured by the American Randolph, sent to New London for libel.


Alligator.

Appeals Cases 91-92, galley of Egg Harbor, NJ, Capt Timothy Shaler, owner and Capt, 1782.


Alphin/Alphen.

NR:224, LCP:4/5, MD/PA sloop, LM, 14 guns 20 men, Capt Samuel Davis in Jul 1781, #919; and Capt Job Pray, Sep 1781, with Samuel Davis as mate. R82II:273, captured by British, 1782.


Alston.

R77:235, ND8:1061, American ship, Capt William Thompson, from South Carolina, captured by the British Galatea 18 Apr 1777.


Amazona.

Beerman:198, frigate taking money from Havana to Yorktown, 1781.


Amazone.

Capture:6, Morison:301, ND4:1152, ND6:1124, brig in ballast from Cyan to New York, Capt John Clark of Guadeloupe, captured off Sandy Hook 18/19 Apr 1776 by the British Asia, probably a tender belonging to British Phoenix.


Amazon.

ND5:212, sloop, Capt John Murray, Jerseys to New York, captured 6 Feb 1776 by British Asia.


Amazon

ND8:698, ship, Capt Parkes, probably American, captured and recaptured three times, reported 20 Mar 1777.


Amazon.

Allen:70, MA brigantine, 8 guns, 50 men, under Noah Stoddard in Mar, 1780.


L'Amazone.

SchV:42, 59, French frigate captured the British Ariel in 1779. DaviesXIX:315, French frigate, 36 guns, 301 men, captured by British Santa Margarita, Capt E. Salter, but apparently escaped when the French fleet approached, off the Chesapeake, Aug 1782. Mentioned in Cont. Congress, 1783, p 817n. Comm:184-186, in de Grasse fleet of 1781, and crew is listed. It went with the French Expeditionary Force from Boston to Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, in 1782.

L'Ambuscade. SchV:42, French frigate active in 1779 off Carolina, captured the British Ariel.


Amelia.

R77:108, British ship, Capt McNeal, Africa to St Kitts, captured by Americans, 23 Apr 1777.


Amelia.

R77:513, ND9:986, ND10:113, British ship, Capt John Tyrie, Senegal to Kingston, 70 slaves, captured by the American Tyger, 1777.


Amelia.

British brig, Capt Robert Lindsay, captured Mar 1781 by MD privateers Antelope, Felicity.


Amelia.

ND6:979-980, Maryland Navy tender, active lookout off Point Lookout, fall, 24 Sep 1776. Coggins:106, ND11:176, 510, schooner in MD Navy, Capt Henry Massey, tender to schooner Defence, also served as scout for the Virginia, 1778.


Amélie.

M&S:108-9, 111,  FordXIV:690, ND8:623, 946, ND9:451, ND10:1000, Capt Desminiers de Barras, merchant ship, formerly the Romain, provided by Beaumarchais, moving supplies from West Indies to America, 1777-79. May be vessel mentioned in Cont. Congress, 1779, p 690.


America.

Lewisohn:11, privateer vessel captured in the West Indies in 1775.


America.

ND1:1389, ??? ship, Capt Crowell Hatch, tobacco for London, James River, 20 Apr 1775. This seems most likely a British ship. ND1:1368, ND3:1367, 1369, American brig from Newburyport at Baltimore, Capt Richard Stacey, Apr 1775, ready to go to Cadiz, Spain.


America.

Allen:70, Rand:828, MA/ME privateer schooner, 10 guns, 80 men, 16 Sep 1776, Capt Isaac Snow of Harpswell.


America.

ND2:101, ND4:622, 1398-99, NC, American, ship, Capt Robert Cunningham, was sent by Walter Ritchie, Sep 1775, from Wilmington to Barbados to get wartime materials. ND5:387, contempt charges brought against Francis Parry, 6 Jun 1776.


America.

Robertson(1959):87, ship captured by the British in 1776 near Jamaica.


America.

ND3:817, American ship, Capt John Lamb, active 16 Jan 1776, selling supplies in New London.


America.

ND3:570, brig, Capt John/Jonathan Lambert, 6 men, 75 tons, captured by British Argo, 1 Jan 1776.


America.

ND4:1376, brig, 8 men, 75 tons, Capt John Lambert, captured by Lynx, 1 May 1776.


America.

ND3:808, ND5:1129, American sloop, Capt Robert Campbell, active in 1775, captured by Viper, 24 Nov 1775.


America.

ND4:1479, RI sloop, Capt Ephraim Carpenter, RI to PA, 8 Mar 1776. This may be the same sloop , Capt Nathaniel Packard, RI to Santa Croix, West Indies. America. ND6:251-52, 1058-59, RI privateer sloop, 1776, Capt Nathaniel Packard.


America.

ND6:1169, American ship, captured in 1776 by British Squirrel.


America.

ND6:799-800, 817, American schooner, Capt Isaac Snow, petition for privateer commission 13 Sep 1776.


America.

CTN:145, CT Navy brig, 7 Mar 1777 (or 1779), Capt John Nott, moved from Black Rock in Fairfield, to New London, no crew list or disposition identified.


America.

VANavy:172, vessel of unknown size, probably used in emergencies.


America.

ND6:251, RI privateer, Capt Nicholas Packard, to St Croix, 21 Aug 1776.


America.

CTP:49-50, ND8:986, ND9:82, CT privateer sloop, Capt Asa Palmer, took 5 prizes, but was captured 18 Jul 1777 and taken into Newport, RI (then under British) as prisoners. Its prizes were Britannia, Generous Friend, Success, Polly, plus an U/I sloop.


America.

ND7:1068, 1189, 528, 606, 971, CT privateer sloop, Capt Samuel Champlin, Jr, active 1776/77, captured Athol, Mary, Sally, Two Brothers, u/I schooner.


America.

ND6:165, RI privateer comm. 13 Aug 1776. ND7:631, ND8:378, 1002, C89, RI privateer sloop, Capt William Dennis, in 31 Dec Feb 1777 captured British Countess of Eglinton. He later captured the Refuge, and took it to CT Mar 1779.


America.

Allen:70, ND8:350, 872, 1008, 1024, ND9:323, ND10:738, MA privateer schooner, 16 guns, 80 men, Apr 1777, Capt Daniel McNeill. Captured True Love and libelled her 5 Apr 1777.


America.

Allen:71, Hearn:69, MA privateer sloop, 8 guns, 35 men, Dec 1777, Capt Nathaniel Coit Webb. Possibly JA5:264.

America. ND4:1399, American ship, captured and placed into NC Court of Admiralty for claims 3 May 1776. ND8:871-872, American ship, Capt Robert Cunningham, captured 10 Feb 1776 by British Cruizer.


America.

ND6:1217, ND7:33, ND8:520, 1036, MA privateer sloop, Capt Thomas Nicholson, in 22 Sep 1776 captured Adventure, and in 1777 captured British Generous Friends.


America.

ND8:1036, Spanish Navy ship, active 27 May 1777, at Havana, Cuba. (Capt Thomas Nicholson was carried as Capt, which is probably an error.)


America.

Allen:71, ND11:838, MA privateer brigantine, 16 guns, 80 men, Dec 1777, Capt John Allen Hallet.


America.

ND11:864-865, American privateer, Capt Johnson, reported to be in Dunkirk, France, in early 1778.


America.

Allen:70, ND9:944, ND11:423, MA privateer brig/sloop, 10 guns, 12 swivels, 70 men, Sep 1776; Capt Thomas Nicolson/Nicholson; 12 guns, 67 men, Sep 1777, Capt William Coit. CTN:213, CTP:49 shows this sloop to be from CT. Capt William Coit was wounded and taken prisoner 6 Sep 1781, and the sloop was likely captured at that time.


America.

ND2:1118, ND4:570, 1376, ND11:124, American sloop, Capt Robert Campbell, from St Croix to New York, taken 24 Nov 1775 by the Viper, Capt Samuel Graves, condemned at Antigua.


America.

ND3:570, ND4:570, 1376, ND 11:124, American brig, Capt Jonathan Lambert, captured in early 1776 by the British Lynx, Capt Alexander Scot, condemned at Antigua 12 Mar 1776.


America.

ND8:1036, Spanish Navy ship, 1777.


America.

ND11:838, MA privateer brigantine, Capt John Allen Hallet, commissioned Dec 1777, returning from an unsuccessful cruise in Mar 1778. This vessel owned by Thomas Harris and David Devens of Boston.


America's prize.

Mill:137-138, British vessel, capture date and name not stated, captured by the privateer America, then recaptured by the British in Nov 1778, and prize crew sent to Mill prison.


America.

Mill:137-138, Maclay:71, probably the 10 gun schooner from MA which captured a ship in 1777. Howe:428, privateer brigantine operating in 1777.


America.

NR:224, LCP:4/5, PA sloop, LM, 6 guns, 20 men, Capt John/James Lightbourn, Nov 1778, #1007.


America.

Allen:71, MA privateer brigantine, 120 tons, 16 guns, 14 swivels, 80 men, Aug 1778, Capt Nicholas Bartlett, Jr.


America.

Allen:71, ND8:350, 1007, 1024, MA privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 18 men, Apr 1779, Capt Daniel McNeill.


America.

Allen:72, MA privateer ship, 14 guns, 40 men, 140 tons, Sep 1779, Capt Anthony Shoemaker.


America.

Allen:72, MA privateer brigantine, 8 guns, 25 men, Nov 1779, Capt Isaiah Simmons.


America.

Allen:72, C170, MA/NH privateer ship, 140 men, May/Jun 1780, Capt John Jones/Somes. Crewmen are listed in MAS.


America.

Allen:72, NR:224, LCP:4/5, Hart3:59, 60, MA privateer ship, LM, 20 guns, 100 men, Oct 1780, Capt William Coffin of Newburyport. C65, in Feb 1781, captured by British. JA10:89, possibly the vessel mentioned.


America.

Allen:72, Paine:456, Salem, MA privateer schooner, 8 guns, 80 men, 1780, Capt George Williams.


America.

Greenwood:68, armed schooner of 14 guns in Commodore Manley's 1777 Squadron. Kamenkow:219, this may be the ship captured Feb 1781.


America.

M880:3, sloop, Capt Philip Craver, used in support of Yorktown operations, Oct 1781.


America.

Rand:828, MA/ME armed schooner, 18 men, small arms, Col Nathaniel Purinton of Brunswick, ME, 1782. C250.


America.

NR:224, MA ship, LM, 16 guns 60 men, Capt Robert Caldwell, Jul 1782.


América,

74 guns. ND8:1017, ND11:35, 659, 662, Cont. Navy ship of the line, 74 guns, being built in Boston in Dec 1777. Probably the ship mentioned 1780-82 in Cont. Congress. Another ship of the line was being built in Portsmouth, NH. JA6:156, 199. FordXX:692, Rice:I:74n, 80, built at Portsmouth, NH. Smith:291, Continental Navy ship of the line, given to the King of France 2 Sep 1782 as a replacement for the Magnifique lost in Boston Harbor. However, this cannot be directly true as the Magnifique was not lost until Dec 1782. The America apparently saw no action, and it was broken up in 1786. JA7:27-28, 10:25.


America.

Eastman:38, British ship Pompey taken by the Grand Turk after hostilities ceased in 1783, later sold in 1783 to George Crowninshield of Salem, MA, who renamed her America.


American.

Allen:72, MA privateer sloop, 10 guns, 55 men, May 1777, Capt John Atwood.


American/America.

Allen:72-73, MA privateer sloop, 12 guns, 60 men, May 1778, Capt Samuel Avery.


American.

NLHS:I:IV:8, ND11:423, CT privateer brig/sloop, Capt William Coit, captured a British brig and ship and took them into Martinico.


Americaine.

SchV:62, French armed merchantman, 32 guns, 144 men, captured in 1781 in the Channel by the Prudente, Capt W. Waldgrave.


American.

Allen:73, LCP:4/5, MA privateer ship of 16 guns, 60 men, Jul 1782, Capt Richard Caldwell of Boston, #151.


American.

Kaminkow:219, captured June 1781.


American Congress

Dandridge:186, ND4:634, ND6:366, 808, 727, VA Navy sloop, 110 tons, 15 guns, Capt William Skinner, flagship of Commodore John T. Boucher's Potomac River Squadron, purchased in April 1776, disposition unknown. ND5:404, it went downriver, 6 June 1776. ND4:357, 634, VANavy:162, sloop, VA Navy, 1776-1780, 100 tons, 16 guns, 96 sailors and marines, flagship of Potomac River Squadron.


American Fabius.

Dandridge:186, VANavy:153, 164, 174, VA Navy brig (possibly privateer), 12 carriage guns, 45 men, 1781-83, Capt John Barrett and Capt Robert Mitchell, owned by Benjamin Harrison, Jr, & Company. Eller:194, captured and destroyed at Osborn, Apr 1781.


American Hero.

Allen:73, NR:225, LCP:4/5, Paine:454, Salem, MA ship, L. M., of 16 guns and 25 men under Capt William Fairfield of Salem in 1781 and Apr 1782, #573.


American Revenue.

R77:108, shows Capt James Wadie, 180 tons, Quebec to Dominica, probably American, 22 Apr 1777.


American Revenue.

Maclay:133, NR:225, LCP:4/5, CTP:50, ND11:616-617, CT LM sloop of 12 guns and 100 men, Capt Stephen Tinker, Jun 1775; #726. CTP:53, ND5:547, ND10:589, CT privateer sloop, Capt Stephen Tinker, in June 1780, helped capture British sloop Katy. C312, ND5:547, 8 guns, 25 men, June 1776. ND6:804, William Packwood also served as Capt in 1776 on a vessel of this name, one from New London.


American Revenue.

CTP:50-53, McCT:145, ND6:1460, ND7:1068, ND8:326, ND9:734, ND10:589, ND11:47, 617, CT privateer sloop, 14 guns, 100 men, Capt Samuel Champlin, Jr in Oct 1776 ; Capt William Leeds in Jul 1778, #702; and Capt Samuel Champlin, Jun 1779, #672, which in 1777-79 captured 15 vessels, (incl Athol, Berkley, Dispatch, Mary, Proteus, Sally, Sheelah, Two Brothers) #660; but was itself captured on 6 Aug 1779 by the British frigate Greyhound. Allen:73, CT privateer sloop of 12 guns and 40/100 men, Sep 1779, under Capt William Jaggar/Jigger. (It is probable there were only two CT privateer sloops of this name. One captured the British schooner Polly in Mar 1779.)


American Tartar.

Allen:73, 74, Greenwood:68, McM:368, ND8:179, ND9:613, ND10:838, Manley:68, C125, RI ship, Capt John Grimes, of 24 guns, 200 men, 350 tons, in Commodore Manley's 1777 Squadron. Capt John Graham was Capt in Nov 1776. SchV:53, captured with 20 men and 85 men off Newfoundland, taken into British service and renamed the Hinchinbrook.


American Tartar/Tartar.

Allen:74, ND10:643, privateer ship under Capt David Porter of Boston operating in 1779 and 1780, captured Aug 1781 by British Bienfaisant, and taken into New York. She was taken into the British Navy as the Mitchinbroke, 28 guns.


American Turtle.

Paullin364, CTN:155-160, American submarine, Capt David Bushnell, CT Navy, 1777. C45, Capt Bushnell was captured in 1779, but the fate of his submarine is not stated. (See also, Turtle.)


American Union.

Mill:139, C217, MA privateer cutter taken before 19 Sep 1780, when Captain Joseph Myrick arrived at Mill Prison. Kamenkow:219, captured Sep 1780. Malo:960, 964, this may be the privateer at Dunkirk in 1780 and captured 1781. (The case may have come before the Vice-Admiralty Court in 1781.


Amherst.

CTP:208, R77:513, ND9:968, ND10:56, British ship, Capt Jacob Loran, Honduras to London, captured in Sep 1777 by CT sloop Revenge, Capt Joseph Conkling, libelled in New London County. C69.


Amiable.

ND6:1171, sloop, 1776, Capt Louis Roux, from Cape Nichola, captured in 1776 by British Winchelsea.


L'Amiable Elizabeth.

NR:194-204.


Amiable Eunice.

Allen:74, NR:225, LCP:6/7, MA LM brigantine of 6 guns, 14 men under Capt William Pearson of Newburyport in Apr 1782, #578.


Amiable François.

DaviesXVI:16, probably a French vessel, 1779/80.


Amiable Maria.

ND5:396-397, Capt Pierre Douvill, apparent a French vessel with gunpowder destined for RI, which was captured near land and possibly sent back to France, Jul 1776.


Los Amigos del Pays.

LCP:154/155, NR:226, PA ship, 12 guns, 12 men, Capt Juan Josef de ArbulesArbula, May 1782.


Amiral Général.

Chevalier:270, Dutch warship, 76 guns, Capt Van Rinsbergen, sailed from Texel and fought the British at Dogger Bank 20 Jul 1781, then returned to their base at Texel, where they stayed to protect the Dutch homeland.


Amiral Piet Heyn.

Chevalier:270, Dutch warship, 54 guns, Capt Van Braam, sailed from Texel and fought the British at Dogger Bank 20 Jul 1781, then returned to their base at Texel, where they stayed to protect the Dutch homeland.


Amiral Ruyter.

Chevalier:270, Dutch warship, 68 guns, Admiral Zoutman, and Capt Staring, sailed from Texel and fought the British at Dogger Bank 20 Jul 1781, then returned to their base at Texel, where they stayed to protect the Dutch homeland.


Amiral Tromp.

Dutch warship, 54 guns, remained at the Texel base or returned there for refitting.


Amity.

ND4:370, British brig, Capt Ash, captured at Savannah, and still in American hands 16 Mar 1776, later recaptured by British.


Amis.

SchV:53, French privateer, 14 guns, 52 men, captured in 1782 by the British Eurydice, Capt G. W. A. Courtney.


Amitié.

ND8:976, 1030, French ship, Capt Michel Spau, captured by Br. Hind, 1777.


Amitié.

Benson:116, French transport which took part of the Royal Suésois Regiment to the Indian Ocean theatre of operations in 1782.


Amitié/Friendship.

ND10:1121-23, brigantine, Capt Jacob Bennett, captured by the Revenge, c 1777.


Amity's Admontion.

ND5:974, Capt John Noles, probably British 5th rate brig, sailor abandons vessel 8 Jul 1776.


Amity's Regard.

R77:513, British vessel, West Indies to New York, 1777.


Amora.

DaviesX:304, Philadelphia vessel with flour for Barcelona, taken by British Enterprise, May 1776.


L'Amphion.

Comm:58-61, French warship from Brest, 50 guns, joined the French fleet in America in 1779, survived the Battle of Saints in 1782. Crew listing for 1779.


Amphitrite.

ND3:866, 1002, American brigantine, Capt McNeil, bound for Jamaica 19 Jan 1776.


Amphitrite.

Vaca:25, Chávez:52, a French vessel in 1776 which moved arms to Boston in 1777.


L'Amphitrite.

NR:226, LCP:6/7, Augur:140, 248, 313, ND8:937, ND11:220, American (NH) ship, LM, 24 guns, 160 men, Capt Nicholas Fautrel/Fautrueul, first and largest ship provided by Beaumarchais, moving supplies and volunteers from France to America, 1777, #11. Ford:47, this may be the vessel from which cannon were to be removed for the defense of the Delaware in 1777.


L'Amphitrite.

ND6:384, ND7:816, ND9:813, 884, ND9:813, ND11:598, 840, French Navy frigate, Capt Chevalier de Jaussaud de Thorame, arrived at Martinique in 1777. Howard:218, Capt Hardy identified a French frigate as the Amphitrite in 1779. ND3:232, 32 guns, probably Capt Count Francis Joseph Degrasse, arrived at Jamaica 14 Dec 1775. FW2:453, it was used for conveyance of dispatches, perhaps in 1777. Probably the French ship mentioned in Cont. Congress, 1777 and 1779. JA5:160, 339, 8:46.


Amphitrite.

SchIV:373, Dutch warship, 36 guns, Capt A. Braak, doing convoy duty in Aug 1781.


Amsterdam.

Capture:7, McM:236, MA brig commissioned Feb 1780, Capt James McGee, Sweden to Boston, captured off Cape Ann, 19 Oct 1780 by the British frigate Amphitrite, converted into the British sloop-of-war Observer. Allen:74, two entries for this ship, May 1779, and Feb 1780.


Amsterdam.

Benson:46, reported as a French privateer operating in the North Atlantic. It could be a mistake for the foregoing vessel.


Amsterdam.

Dutch warship, 68 guns, returned to Texel after the British declared war on the Dutch.


Amulant/l'Amulant.

ND8:998-999, ND11:450, 454, French ship, captured 19 May 1777 by Br. Winchelsea.


Amy.

ND1:1369, 1379, ??? brig, Capt Thomas Salmon, 120 tons, 6 men, from Amsterdam, Apr 1775, Annapolis, MD, to Oporto with wheat and flour, May 1775. The vessel may be Dutch or American.


Amy.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:560, British brigantine, Capt Benjamin Burton, Newfoundland to market, 150 tons, captured by True American, 1776.


Andalucia.

Peabody:239, merchant ship on the way from Havana to Cadiz when boarded by crew of the Grand Turk 14 Oct 1782 and permitted to pass. [This refers to the brig Grand Turk in the War of 1812.]


Andaluz.

?????????, Spanish chambequin frigate took part in Battle of Pensacola, 1781.


Andrew.

RM9:108, 265, 544, Ford1785:557, tobacco ship which was active in 1783 and 1784 in moving tobacco to France for Peter Whiteside & Company


Andrew Caldwell.

Maclay:86, McM:348m NR:226, LCP:6/7, armed LM PA merchant ship of 10 guns, 40 men, Capt Thomas Truxton, #1040, in use in 1779 until captured in Jul and taken to St Kitts.


Andrea/Andrew Doria,

14 guns, 100 men. ND2:647, 1236, 1255, ND4:784, Emmons:4, 40/41, Augur:177, Buel:80, Smith:43-45, ND6:1475, ND8:954, ND9:648, ND11:760, 790, took part in New Providence Expedition in 1776, Capt Isaiah Robinson or Capt Nicholas Biddle, with 65 seamen and 39 Marines. It had formerly been the brig Defiance. ND5:1056, captured Crawford, Oxford, Two Friends, Molly, Racehorse, & others. Buel:313, Howard:62, blown up when the British occupied Philadelphia in Oct 1777. ND10:568, ran aground at Fort Mercer and burned. LewisohnF:34-35, 47, when she flew the Continental flag at St. Eustatius, she was saluted by the Dutch fort on 16 Nov 1776. C23, 24, Cont. brig, 32 guns, Capt Nicholas Biddle, Dec 75, Feb 76.


Andrew & Elizabeth.

NR10:1208, British sloop, Capt Ritchie, Halifax to Quebec, taken by John Fowler and Anthony Knep, 17 Jul 1781.


Andromaque/Andrómache.

Comm:94-96, in the d'Estaing fleet of 1779, with crew listing. C&C:66, 111, 113, frigate, 40 guns, took part in Pensacola Battle in early 1781.  RM4:162-163, French frigate carrying news of Yorktown surrender reached France in 19 days and the message reached the government in 22 days, Dec 1781.


Andromeda.

SchV:48, British vessel, 28 guns, Capt H. Byrne, lost in the 1780 hurricane in the West Indies, most of crew perished.


Androméde.

M&S:268, ND8:544, French ship, working with Beaumarchais, sailed Aug 1781 with the Ménagère and other vessels, including two Spanish vessels soon captured by British. The Andromede was renamed la Seine 24 Jan 1777. Possibly JA6:293.


Angel.

Spanish warship, 70 guns, said to be in the 13/14 Sep 1782 attack of Gibraltar.


Angel de la Giardia.

ND8:543, Spanish ship, carried supplies for Madrid 23 Jan 1777, apparently captured with the French ship working with Beaumarchais.


El Angel de la Guarda.

C&C:92, 95, 107, galley transport ship, 6 guns 18 men, used it launch boat to move Mobile troops to Pensacola, 1781.


An. Girardia/Angel de Guardo.

SchIV:345, Spanish warship, 74 guns, in Second Armada. SchIV:358, 371, in Cadiz in Nov 1780, and leaky and in need of repair, Sep 1781.


Angelica.

Dandridge:180, Connor:286 (1877), Fanning:1, 3, 9, brigantine from Boston, 16 guns and 98 men, taken May, 1778, ship set on fire, and crew sent to Forton Prison. Kamenkow:219, Capt William Davis and his crew members were committed to Forton Prison on 7 Jul 1778, but he escaped 23 Jul 1778.


Angelica.

Allen:75, MA privateer, commissioned under Capt William Dennis of Boston, Aug 23, 1778. Allen shows this Angelica was captured and burned, but this may result from confusion with the previous Angelica.


Angelica.

CTP:269, C178, a New London, CT, privateer brig, Capt John Lamb, captured and taken into Halifax just before 26 Jun 1778. C105, some crew members from a vessel named Angelica were sent to Mill Prison. Possibly JA6:293, 294.


Angelica.

RM8:875, a ship being built by John Peck in mid-1783, considered for the Far Eastern trade, but found not to have the capacity of either the Bourbon or the Comte de Artois. It seems likely these ships did not have wartime service; but they were probably manned by wartime veteran sailors.


Angelina.

ND9:193, probably an American schooner, Capt Turpin Holroyd, searched by British Daphne, 30 June 1777.


Angelina.

ND11:851, American schooner, SC to Cape François, with tobacco, taken by HMS Niger, Capt Robert Lambert, Mar 1778.


Ann/Anne.

ND1:1081, 1082, ??? schooner, Capt Robert Sanders, Jr, captured, probably American, 1775.


Ann/Anne.

R76III:312, British vessel, Capt Wise, St Vincent's to Liverpool, 100 tons, 1776. Force:5:III:1527, ND6:1252, ND7:1215, British brigantine, Capt Diedrich Wise, St Vincent's to Liverpool, 100 tons, captured by American Revenge, 1776.


Ann.

Billias:94, British vessel loaded with muskets, a prize captured by the Continental fleet, Jul 1776. ND6:115, this may be the ship sold at auction, Aug 1776.


Ann/Anne.

Force:5:III:1527, ND6:1071, ND7:680, British vessel, Capt Duncan, Dominica to London, 230 tons, taken by American Independence and retaken by the British Pallas in late 1776. McPA:347, British ship, Capt Duncan, Dominica to London, captured by privateer Independence, retaken by British ship Pallas, American prize crew to prison in England, 1776.


Ann.

NR10:80, British brig, Capt Lewis/Isaac Lawes, captured by American General Washington, 15 Sep 1777.


Ann/Anny/Anne.

Howe:341, ND7:1145, British brigantine captured in 1777 by the True American. R77:108, British vessel, Capt Alexander Kennedy, Jamaica to New York, captured by American Industry, sold, 5 Apr 1777.


Ann/Anne.

ND6:900, ND7:1119, 1189, British snow, Capt John Bowes, captured c 1776 by CT Broom, Capt William Nott. Force:5:III:1527, Capt Bowes, Jamaica to Lancaster, 1776. CTP:62, British snow, Capt John Bowes, Tobago to Lancaster, England, captured by CT privateer sloop Broome 8 Feb 1777. C223.


Ann.

CTN:141, ND9:730, British sloop Ann, Capt Ezekiel Bishop, bound to Mamaroneck, NY, captured 31 Jul 1777, and libelled by CT Navy sloop Schuyler.


Ann.

ND9:195, British sloop, Capt William Bray, captured by Fair American, Experiment, 1777.


Ann. McM:438, British brig captured in British waters by the Black Prince in 1779.


Ann.

CTP:85, British brig, Capt Montgomery of Newry, captured in 1781 by CT brigantine Fair American, Capt Peleg Eldred. C101.


Ann.

McM:220, British brig captured May 1781 by the Pilgrim.


Ann.

Capture:7, British brig taken by American privateer Neptune 8 June 1781, then recaptured by the British 18 June 1781.


Ann.

RM9:819, British ship, captured by American Alliance, sold by Thomas Barclay before Jan 1783.


Ann.

Capture:7, British schooner taken by the American privateer Thorn in Oct 1781, then recaptured by the British on 22 Oct, then taken by Americans, and finally recaptured by British in Nov 1781.


Ann.

Peabody:231, McMA:173, British ship captured in 1782 by the Grand Turk and sent into Salem.


Ann.

McM:19, British brig captured by the Marshall 5 Sep 1782 and taken to New London.


Ann.

CTP:155, British brig, Capt John McNeill, 180 tons, 8 guns 14 men, from Glasgow, captured 5 Sep 1782 by the CT brigantine Marshall.


Ann.

ND9:358, 360, British brig, Capt John Shillstone, captured and sundries used on the CT Navy ship Defence.


Anne.

ND2:1375, American schooner, with dried fish, captured in Piscatagua Harbour by British Scarborough, condemned and sold, last half of 1775.


Ann.

C137, CT sloop, 72 men, Capt John Hamner, active Aug 1776.


Ann/Anne.

ND6:1028, brig, Capt James Darrel, 1776, with load of salt from Bermuda, to unload. ND7:204, given permission in VA to sail to Bermuda 18 Nov 1776.


Ann/Anne.

ND5:648, American brigantine, Capt James Carrigues/Garrigues, qualified to exit the Delaware River without a pilot, June 1776.  ND8:968, 969, ND11:450, American brig, Capt James Garrigues, loaded with powder and ammunition, captured 14 May 1777 by British Winchelsea.


Ann.

ND7:491, ND8:39, American brig, purchased by MA Board of War, Capt Amos Mansfield, 16 Dec 1776, or 6 Mar 1777.


Ann.

ND11:448, American sloop, loaded with salt, captured by British Badger, Capt Charles H. Everitt, 1776.


Ann.

RD9:158, American brigantine, ND5:648, ND9:158, Capt Christopher Bradley, captured by British Haerlem, Stanley, 1777.


Ann.

ND8:3, requested permission to load supplies and leave MA, 1 Mar 1777.


Ann.

R77:231, American ship, Capt Charles Bulkley, from Martinique, captured by the British Daphne, 3 Apr 1777.


Ann.

ND11:451, NC schooner loaded with turpentine captured by British Antelope, Capt Thomas Davey, Aug 1777.


Ann.

ND11:106, American brig, Capt Edward Edwards, captured by British Lizard, 13 Jan 1778.


Ann.

R77:231, American ship, Capt Francis Robins, from Baltimore, captured by the British Emerald, Phoenix, 14 May 1777.


Ann.

Allen:75, brigantine MA privateer under Capt James Magee in May 1778.


Ann.

C269, NH schooner, Capt Titus Salter, captured at Penobscot, Jul 1779, by British Scarborough, and Hampden.


Ann.

Mill:210, schooner taken Mar 1781 at St Eustatius, crew sent to Mill Prison. Kaminkow:219, this may be the ship captured March 1781. Possibly JA6:23-24.


Ann/Anna Susanna.

R77:405, British vessel, Capt Johnson, Jamaica to London, captured by the Alfred, 1777, taken into L'Orient, renamed Mignonne. ND11:133, 915, shows the master to be John Taylor, and this was a sugar vessel.


Anna.

ND6:1028, brig, Capt Jonathan/James Darrel, probably British, active fall 1776. He requested a permit for taking supplies up the James River 27 Sep 1776.


Anna.

McMA:43, ND6:263, 788, British snow, Capt Jonathan Dudfield, St Vincent, Leeward Islands, to London, captured in Jul 1776 by MA Tyrannicide. Force:5:III:1527, ND7:728, 784, British snow, Capt Jonathan Dudfield/Dutfield, from Leeward Islands, 1776.


Anna.

ND7:105, British brigantine Anna, captured by True American, Capt Daniel Hawthorne , 11 Nov 1776. C146.


Anna.

CTN:45, 51, CTP:297, British schooner, captured 16 Mar 1777 by CT Navy Defence.


Anna.

NR:195.


Anna.

Force:5:III:1527, British transport, Capt Heiley, taken and retaken, 1776. NR10:1069, taken by American Sturdy Beggar, retaken by British Bedford. JA9:23 mentions a British transport Anna in 1780, possibly a different one.


Anna.

R77:405, ND8:994, ND10:812, British schooner, Capt John Shillstone/Skilton, Bristol to Dominica, captured by American Defence, Capt Samuel Smedley, and sold in Boston, 15 May 1777.


Anna.

Mc:58, British ship under Capt Peterson taken by Alliance, Capt John Barry, in Sep 1782.


Anna.

ND10:940, vessel, Capt Hooft, probably Dutch, arrives in Texel, 14 Oct 1777.


Anna.

M880:3, VA schooner, Capt Chester Bereman, Rappahannock to Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Annabella/Annabelle.

Mc:128, GWNavy:233, British brig of 180 tons taken 16 June 1776, by American Warren, Franklin. R76III:312, Force:5:III:1527, ND5:449, ND7:300, ND8:825, ND9:523, probably under Capt Hugh Walker/Walter, Glasgow to America, transport, renamed American Rising States.


Annabelle/Annabela.

CTPR75/76: 419, CTP:279, British brig/brigantine captured 10 Jun 1776 by CT Navy Defence, Capt Harding.


Annabella.

R77:405, British vessel, Capt Ladd, Corke to Jamaica, 1777. ND10:89, libelled in MA Middle District.


Annabella.

Force:5:III:1524, ND5:270, American vessel, William Cook, master and owner, Amboy to St Croix, captured 1776 by British Cerberus, sent to Halifax, but she never showed up there, fate unknown.


Annabella.

ND10:89, Capt Potts, probably American, captured and libelled 28 Oct 1777 by Blackbird, Resolution.


Anna Catherina.

DaviesX:154, ND3:358, 442, 449, 455, Danish Vessel, Capt Alexander Stander, seized by British Greyhound, to be handed over to Customs Office, Dec 1775, subsequently released.


Anna & Eliza.

Howe:349, British merchant ship of 120 tons, captured 1780 by the Pilgrim.


Anna Maria.

Howe:336, prize ship of the MA sloop Revenge, Capt Joseph White, condemned in MA Bay court in Apr 1776. Force:5:III:1527, ND6:27, 58, ND7:300, Capt William Pringle, from Barbados to London, 240 tons, libelled and sold 26 Nov 1776. Appeals:xxxviii, 162:2:21, the ship versus Daniel Bucklin and White, claimant and appellant. Capt Daniel Bucklin had been commander of the privateer schooner Montgomery and had cooperated with Capt Joseph White.


Anna Maria.

R77:233, ND8:260, American vessel, Capt Francis Royland/Rowland, from Georgia, captured by British Pearl, 2 Apr 1777.


Annapolis.

ND1:???, ??? ship, Capt Eden, probably British, active 1775.


Annapolis.

ND1:1382, ??? ship, Capt William Marshal, 380 tons, 6 guns, 20 men, probably British, from London to Annapolis, MD, 17 Jun 1775 in ballast.


Annapolis.

ND2:172, 173, 206, ship, Capt James Hanrick, Annapolis to London, dismasted by two storms, assisted by two American ships, determined to continue, Sep 1775.


Annapolis.

ND10:1208, British vessel, Capt Young, 80 tons, from Halifax, taken by the Sweat, 19 Apr 1780.


Annapolis.

Coggins:106, ND7:1046, ND8:967, ND11:348, MD Navy row galley, built by 14 May1777 in Baltimore by Archibald Buchanan, sold, hull only, 29 June 1779 to S. Chase and J. Williams.


Annapolis.

NR:226, LCP:6/7, MD sloop, LM, 4 guns, 10 men, Capt James Forbes, Jan 1779.


Annapolis Royal.

McMA:46, British schooner, Capt John Akins, Nova Scotia to West Indies, captured in 1776 by MA Republic.

Anna Susanna. ND10:875, 877, 977, 1060, ND11:999, ship, Capt John Taylor, captured by the Alfred, sold in France and renamed the Mignonne.


Anna Teresa.

ND3:779, vessel, probably British, at Basseterre, St Kitts, 15 Jan 1775. ND6:751 sailed for Port Royal 4 Sep 1776 as a packet.


Anne.

ND2:1375, ??? schooner, probably British, active 1775.


Anne.

R76III:312, Hearn:176-178, British transport, 223 tons, Capt John Dennison, Glasgow to America, 6 June 1776, captured by the Lee, Capt Waters, Warren, Capt Burke, and the Lynch, Capt Ayres. Mc:128, GWNavy:233, British ship/Scottish transport captured 6 Jun 1776 by Capt Burke of the Warren. Some sources give capture date as 13 Jun 1776.


Anne.

ND6:1123, British ship, captured by American privateer 30 Aug 1776, recaptured by Pallas, 30 Sep 1776.


Anne/Anne of Burntisland.

ND7:704, Force:5:III:1527, British ship, Capt Andrew Rea/Ray, Cork to Straits, (Burnt Island to Lisbon) ,120 tons, captured by True American, released for reasons not stated, 1776.


Anne.

ND7:1145, British brigantine, Capt Alexander Kennady, captured by American Industry and sold 11 Feb 1777.


Anne/Annie.

R77:513, ND10:1069, British brigantine, Capt Wilson, Newfoundland to Jamaica, taken by American Sturdy Beggar and retaken by British Bedford, 11 Nov 1777.


Anne.

Robertson(1959):110-111, ND9:8, 160, ND11:454, Philadelphia brigantine, Capt James Garrigues, with military arms as cargo captured 14 May 1777 in the West Indies and carried into Jamaica.


Anne.

NR:226, LCP:6/7, PA ship, LM, 10 guns, 30 men, Capt James Josiah, Nov 1780, #1080; Capt Joseph Brown, Jan 1782, and Capt John Ashmead, #924.


Annette.

VANavy:164, NR:227, LCP:6/7, privateer ship, LM, 12 carriage guns, 45 men, Capt John Audobon, 1782.


L'Annibal/Hannibal.

Comm:74-83, French warship of the line, 74 guns, joined the French fleet in America in 1779, with crew listing. It moved to West Indies to de Guichen's fleet, and later survived the Battle of Saints in 1782.


Le Petite Annibal.

LG:655n, former British Hannibal captured by the French and renamed Annibal but called Le Petite Annibal to distinguish it from the French warship, Annibal. It seems to have been with Admiral Suffren in India.


Anonyme.

ND9:368, 376, ND10:1158, MD11:French merchantman, fitted out at Nantes, 1777. This may be the ship later named Vicomte de Veaux, Capt Pierre Donat de La Garde,  captured by the Br Solebay and St Albans.


Anonymous.

See also U/I (Unidentified) ahead.


Anonymous.

NR:227, MA boat, LM, 4 guns, 20 men, Capt William Cooke, Apr 1781.


Anonymous.

NR:227, PA vessel, LM, 12 guns, 30 men, Capt William Davis, Aug 1779.


Anonymous.

NR:227, VA brig, LM, 14 guns, 65 men, Capt Christopher Clark, Nov 1781.


Anonymous.

NR:227, VA brig, LM, 12 guns, 75 men, Capt Esek Brown, Dec 1781.


Anonymous.

NR:227, PA ship, LM, 18 guns, 120 men, Capt Joshua Barney, Apr 1782.


Anson.

CTP:190, British schooner, captured 17 Oct 1780 by CT armed boats Rattlesnake, Viper, Saratoga, Capt Ebenezer Jones. C169.


Antelope.

SchV:52, British vessel, 14 guns, Lt Hunter, lost in the 1783 or 1784 hurricane in Jamaica.


Antelope.

Robertson(1959):120, NR:228, LCP:6/7, C75, LM ship of Newburyport, MA, 10 guns, 18 men, captured after 4 Dec 1782 by the British naval ship America and taken to Jamaica. Allen:75, two records for this ship, one for Oct 1781, Capt Thomas Coulston/Clouston, #590; and one for Feb 1782, Capt Edward Fettyplace, #544. It apparently captured the British brig Winborne, Dec 1781.


Antelope.

NR:227, 228, LCP:5/7, MD schooner, LM, 14 guns 40 men, Capt Jeremiah Yellott, Aug 1780; Capt Frederick Folger, Jan 1781. Helped the Felicity capture the British brig Amelia. C111-112, Capt Folger helped capture British Resolution, and privateer Jack O'Lantern. C119, another Capt was George Garston, Aug 1782. In Feb 1782, it was said to have captured an U/I brig, and an U/I snow. It also helped capture the British sloop Mohawk in June 1782, and the British schooner Active and another U/I British schooner in Jan 1783.


Antelope.

ND6:751, mentioned only.


Anthony.

Coggins:103, schooner in SC Navy.


Anthony.

McM:304, British schooner captured in Sep 1779 by the PA sloop Comet.


Anthony.

R78:99, ND11:372, 644, American brigantine, Capt Jesse Atwell, captured by British Snake, 18 Feb 1778.


Antibriton.

Kaminkow:219, SchV:53, a French privateer, 16 guns, 86 men, captured Jan 1782 by the British Stag, Capt R. P. Cooper.


Antigua.

SchV:44, British vessel, 14 guns, Capt J. Hutt, captured in 1781 by the French in the West Indies.


Antigua Planter.

ND8:858, ship, Capt Johnson, probably British, on way to Plymouth, 22 May 1777.


Antigua Prison.

FordXXII:34n, appeal from prisoners, Jan 1782. How or where the prisoners were housed was not mentioned.


Anti-Smuggler.

Allen:75, NR:227, LCP:6/7, Appeals Case 98, MA galley, LM, of 18 men with small arms under John Percival of Barnstable in Aug 1782, #73. It captured several boats, galleys, and small schooners off the MA coast.


AntiTraitor.

NR:228, LCP:6/7, PA Navy boat, LM, 2 guns 40 men, Capt John Macpherson, May 1781.


Antonio.

ND9:39, 314, ND11:450, 454, French or American sloop, captured 21 Jul 1777, by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley, while going from NC to Cape François,


L'Antoinette.

NR:228, LCP:148/149, PA brigantine, LM, 6 guns 21 men, Capt William Smith, Mar 1782, carrying Robert Morris letters to Capt John Paul Jones regarding the America.


Aoralia.

DaviesXVIII:233, Spanish ship in West Indies, 1780.


Apalachicola.

R77:405, ND9:39, British vessel, Capt Ogilvie, Capt William Morwick, London to St Augustine, captured by Comet 21 June 1777, apparently adapted for SC Navy.  Salley:90, in SC records, 21 Aug 1777, as needing a cable.


Apledore.

McM:230, British brig captured in summer 1782 by the Pilgrim.


Apollo.

ND8:966, British schooner, captured 14 May 1777 by Oliver Cromwell.


Apollo.

McM:296, British schooner captured in West Indies May 1777, by the Sturdy Beggar. R77:108, Capt Smith, from Africa to the West Indies, with slaves.


Apollo.

R77:405, British vessel, Capt Collins, Corke to the West Indies, 1777.


Apollo.

ND8:852,  ND9:174, British snow, Capt Andrew Smith, captured and libelled by American Fanny, 18 May 1777.


Apollo.

ND9:36, 124, American schooner captured by British Merlin, 12 Jun 1777.


Apollo.

ND9:158, American schooner, Capt William Forsyth, captured by British Haerlem, Stanley, 1777.


Apollo.

Dandridge:186, VANavy:174, vessel of VA Navy in the VA emergency fleet of 1781, 18 guns.


Apollo.

Allen:75, NR:229, LCP:6/7, three records in 1782 for cruises of MA LM privateers of 6/10 guns, 20/25 men under Henry Skinner of Boston in Oct 1780, #287;, Bradbury Sanders of Cape Ann in Jan 1782, #539; and Alexander Mackay of Boston in Dec 1781/Oct 1782.


Apollo.

Lux:183-84n19, ship,


Apollo.

RM6:652, ship in action in Oct 1782 delivering clothing to the firm of Otis (Samuel Alleyne) and Henley (David). RM7:314, the ship was in action in Jan 1783.


Aquia.

M880:4, schooner, Capt Ruben Rodgers, moving supplies for Yorktown, Oct 1781.


Aquilon.

JA7:124, French East Indiaman, 1779.


Arbuthnot.

British brig, Capt Downey, captured Apr 1780 by PA privateer brigs Argo, Fair American.


Arbuthnot.

CTP:163, Mc:409, British privateer schooner, 10 guns, Capt John Riddle, New York to Newfoundland, captured 24 Jun 1781 by CT brigantine Minerva, Capt Dudley Saltenstall. C269.


Arc En Ciel.

ND10:705, French brig captured and sunk 10 Dec 1777 by the British St. Albans. JA6:132, 133.


Archibald.

M880:4, sloop, Capt White, in Yorktown support, Oct 1781.


Ardent.

SchV:42, FW3:602, British vessel, 64 guns, Capt P. Boteler, captured in 1779 by combined French and American fleets. JA8:196, British ship of the line.


Ardent.

Ford18:51, a vessel on which Capt James Willing was either a prisoner or passenger, Jan 1779.


L'Ardent/Ardiente.

SchV:58, French vessel, 64 guns, 600 men, served in the West Indies, Capt de Gouzillon in 1781, captured in 1782 by the fleet under Admiral Sir G. B. Rodney in the West Indies. This vessel was successfully taken to England. Comm:243-246, in de Ternay's fleet in 1780 and 1781, with crew listing.


Arethusa.

FW3:602, SchV:46, 47, British vessel, 32 guns, Capt C. H. Everitt, lost off Ushant in 1778, also shown as 1779, crew saved but captured and put in French prison. JA6:8, 220, 241.


Arethusa.

RM9:158, 294, apparently under French contract at Havre de Grace, Capt Dennis Butler, sailed in Feb 1785. Wartime record is not known.


Argo.

Force:5:III:1527, ND6:262, ND7:810, 1186, British ship, Capt William Cochran, Jamaica to London, 150 tons, captured and libeled by American Warren, Aug 1776. Argo. ND1:???, transport mentioned in 1775. Force:5:III:1527, British transport, Capt Tate, from London, 350 tons, captured 1776. ND6:1138, this may be the vessel carrying American prisoners, 5 Oct 1776.


Argo.

R77:405, ND9:483, British brig, Capt Thomas Smith, London to New York, captured by Warren, 1777. ND10:15-16, libelled in MA Middle District.


Argo.

RM7:591, apparently a British vessel, 44 guns, captured by two French frigates, reported by John Paul Jones, with the French fleet from Puerto Cabello, 16 Mar 1783. This may have been a recapture of a formerly French vessel. See the next entry.


Argo.

Noailles:???, mentioned a French vessel of 32 guns from Brest, leaving for Martinique Oct 1778. He has a note it was recaptured 12 Feb 1783.


Argo.

DaviesX:420, ND9:595, ND7:746, American (SC) ship, Capt Thomas/James Mackenzie, taken by British Levant, before 1 Dec 1775.


Argo.

ND8:360, 549, 613, American brig, Capt Ward, captured 27 Feb 1777 and carried into Lisbon, Portugal, by British Zephyr.


Argo.

ND11:452, American ship under Capt Cockran, at Cape Nichola, with sugar, coffee, & molasses, captured by British Porcupine, Capt Thomas Cadogan, Nov 1777.


Argo.

Coggins:106, NR:229, LCP:6/7, RI Navy sloop LM, 6 guns 14 men, Capt Oliver Bowen, in service 1779-80. FordXI:912, 915, guns and stores of the sloop were to be sold , Aug 1781.


Argo.

SCNavy:4, sloop under Mr Blakes & Mr. Sawyer (Blakes & Sawyer), to be hired to go to St Eustatia in the public service, 22 Jul 1779.


Argo.

Maclay:85, 102, 110, Buel:95, American armed sloop, 12 guns, 60 Army volunteers, operating in 1777 off New England, in 1779 sailed from Providence. Coggins:204 sold in 1779. CC:M247, FordXIV:900, R44, #37, p 193, this may be Continental sloop under Capt Silas Talbot in Nov 1779. PCOII:148, it later in 1780 captured a prize Betsey, which was taken by three brigantines belonging to Philadelphia. FordXVI:211, 221, the Board of Admiralty did not intervene because of the expense of the litigation, but gave Capt Talbot and his crewman any damages they could recover in court. This may be the sloop mentioned in Cont. Congress 1779-1781.


Argo.

NR:229, LCP:6/7, PA brigantine, LM, 14 guns, 60/75 men, Capt Moses Griffin/Griffing, Nov 1779; and Capt John Ridge, Mar 1780. This privateer may have worked with the PA brig Fair American to capture the British Swallow, Elphinston, Arbuthnot, and an U/I sloop.


Argo.

Allen:76, NR:229, 230, LCP:6/7, two records in 1781/82 for cruises for MA LM privateers of this name, one under John Williamson of Marblehead in Dec 1781, #109. See next.


Argo.

Rand:828, one 18 gun ship under Richard/Samuel Trevett of York. (It was stranded near Old York Harbor in Nov 1782.).


Argo.

R81II:166, 167, 168, FW4:682, Dutch navy vessel, 44 guns, Capt Storing/Staringh, at Dogger Bank, 1781, 98 men killed or wounded, Capt Leonard Basset, 1782. Chevalier:270, Dutch warship 44 guns, fought at Dogger Bank 20 Jul 1781, then returned to Texel where it could protect the Dutch homeland.


Argonaut.

British warship of 64 guns, formerly the French vessel Jason, captured 19 April 1782 in the Mona Passage after the Battle of Les Saintes.


Argonaute.

LG:655, French warship of 74 guns, scheduled to reinforce Admiral Suffren in the Indian Ocean, 1782.


Argus.

ND11:881, American privateer, 20 guns, Capt Mullins, engaged by HMS Panther in Jan 1778 but escaped.


Argus.

Capture:9, McM:1-4, C25, British ship, Capt Donaldson, from Barbados to Quebec captured by the privateer sloop Trumbull, Capt Henry Billings, in Jul 1777 then recaptured by the British.


Argus.

ND9:355, apparently a British ship, Capt Archibald McDonnell, captured by Americans, then recaptured by Br Amazon 31 Jul 1777.


Argus,

1 gun. Coggins:99, M:228, PANavy:341, ND8:307, ND11:103-104, armed guard boat of the PA Navy in Apr 1777 under Capt Nathaniel Galt defending the Delaware. C118, he was captured and taken to New York, exchanged after Nov 1779.


Argyle.

NR10:1207, British sloop, Capt Maxwell, 40 tons, Halifax to Annapolis, N. S. captured by the Sweat, 22 Mar 1779.


Argyle.

CTP:83, British brig, Capt William Page, Jr, captured by CT schooner Experiment, Capt Nathan Sage, Aug/Sep 1779. C268.


Ariadne.

R77:513, British vessel, Capt Traser, West Indies to Halifax, taken & retaken, 1777.


Ariadne.

R77:405, British vessel, Capt Cox, Antigua to Londonderry, 1777.


Ariadne.

ND9:195, British sloop, Capt William Freeman, captured by General Washington, 3 June 1777. JA6:169.


Ariel.

CTP:107, British sloop, Capt Hagins, 12 guns, out from Sandy Hook, captured 4 Jun 1779 by the CT sloop Hancock, Capt Peter Richards. C257.


Ariel.

FW3:602, SchV:42, British vessel, 16/20 guns, captured in 1779 off Carolina by French frigate Amazon.


Ariel.

C48, PA brigantine privateer, 10 guns, 25 men, Capt David Campbell, 11 Aug 1780, active in 1781.


Ariel,

20/24 guns. Emmons:4, 48/49, Fanning:xi, 86, Coggins:204, Smith:239-241, French ship loaned to Americans in 1779 and returned to France, 1781. FordXI:942,-943, Capt John P. Jones listed persons who had served on this vessel to whom money was due, Sep 1781. JA8:350, 9:22, 10:294, possibly the vessel mentioned.


Ariel.

Clark:158fn, French frigate at L'Orient, France in 1780.


Ariel.

NR:130, LCP:6/7, PA brig/brigantine, LM 14/16 guns, 100 men, Capt Mathew Lawler, Aug 1780; Capt Peter Miller, Mar 1781. FW5:148, brig, Capt Maller (sp) captured two British merchantmen in Danish waters in 1782, causing protest from Danish minister Blome.


Arlequin.

Malo:971, skiff used in an attempt to help prisoners escape from English prisons.


Armistad.

R80I:345, Spanish merchant ship taken by the British, Jan 1780.


Arnold.

ND4:699, Coggins:100, Paullin:385, PANavy:345, C107, 255, 280, ND5:138, ND6:287, ND7:834, ND8:103, ND9:974, ND10:599, floating battery, 10 guns, 82 men, PA Navy, Capt John Hennessy and Capt Samuel Davison, 1776, Capt Jeremiah Simmons, 1776; 2nd Lt McFatrich, 1776; Capt Thomas Fell, Apr 1777; Lt Joseph Rice, Oct 1776+.


Arnold.

CTP:53, CT privateer schooner, Capt Moses Butler, in June 1779 helped capture the British sloop Sally.


Arnold/General Arnold.

Ford18:52, a packet in which messages from John Bonfield of Bordeaux were delivered in Sep 1778. JA6:250, 333, 406, 7:25-26.


Arrogante.

SchIV:345, in Second Armada. LG:383, Spanish warship in Franco-Spanish coastal waters in 1779 under French Captain La Motte-Piquet. SchIV:355 in Great Expedition to America, Apr 1780, Capt. Lo. Carizona. SchIV:384-385, arrived in port after Feb 1781 storm but much damaged. C&C:111, Spanish warship of the line, 70 guns, used in 1781 Battle of Pensacola. In 1780, it had been at Guadeloupe. Chevalier:334, active in 1782. It is said to have taken part in the 13/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.


Artésien.

ND11:987-990, JA8:359, French Navy Ship of the line, 70 guns, Capt Chevalier des Touches, member of the d'Estaing Squadron in 1778, later in de Guichen's West Indies fleet, at Martinique in 1781.


Arthur and Betty.

R77:405, ND10:46, 924, Capt Granville Prettyjohn, captured on the Banks of Newfoundland, 1777, by Br Pluto, libelled MA Middle District.


Artillery.

CTP:53, CT privateer, brig, Capt Stephen Buckland, in Aug 1780, captured schooner British Legion, and a U/I boat in Mar 1781.


Artois.

SchV:58, French vessel, 40 guns, 470 men, captured in 1780 on the coast of Portugal by the British Romney, Capt. R. Home. The Artois then served the remainder of the war as a British vessel.


Arundell.

ND3:281, schooner, probably American, officers given commissions 26 Sep 1775.


Arwin.

ND9:397, galley, probably American, mentioned in 1777.


Ascott & John.

Kaminkow:220, captured or court case May 1781.


Asia.

Dandridge:280, British ship used in 1777 to transport American prisoners to England.


Asis.

C&C:111, Spanish warship of the line used in 1781 in Battle of Pensacola.


L'Assumption.

Mc:93, ND11:1173, French brig, Capt Andrew Laffont, captured by British privateer ship True Briton, then recaptured in Sep 1777 by the frigate Randolph, Capt Nicholas Biddle.


Assurance.

Allen:76, NR:230, sloop of 14 guns, 75 men, MA LM privateer under David Porter of Boston in Dec 1782.


L'Assurance.

Davies:XIII:352, French vessel, Martinique to Le Havre, captured in Sep 1778 by British Brilliant.


Aston Hall.

ND1:1383, ND3:1369, ??? ship, 14 men, 200 tons, Capt John Parker, 200 tons 14 men, probably British, from London to Annapolis, MD, with 98 convicts, Jul 1775, also called at Baltimore.


L'Astra.

NR10:1209, probably a French vessel operating off the coast of New England but sending prizes into New England ports, 1781. Benson:116, Kennett:91, 101, this may be L'Astrée, which survived the Battle of Saints in 1782.


Astrea.

Allen:76, NR:230, Paine:454, C89, Salem ship of 20 guns, 60 men, MA LM privateer under John Derby of Salem in Dec 1782. Capt Derby recaptured the American Speedwell, Jan 1783, and James Magee of MA became Capt of the Astrea in Apr 1783.


Astuto.

SchIV:355, Capt. E. Velasco, in Great Expedition to America of Apr 1780. SchIV:384-385, missing after lFeb 1781 storm but located later. C&C:94, 111, Spanish warship of the line, 60 guns, used in 1781 at the Battle of Pensacola. It had been at Guadeloupe in 1780. SchIV:345, in Second Armada.


Atalanta.

Capture:9-10, SchV:44, Mc:50-51, DaviesXIX:801, British sloop of war, 14 guns, Capt Edwards, captured by the American Alliance 20 May 1781, then recaptured by the British on 7 Jun 1781.


Atalanta.

Allen:76, Paine:454, NR:230, LCP:8/9, MA LM privateer brig of 10 guns, 25 men, under Cornelius Thompson/Thomas of Salem in Oct 1782, #221.


Atalante.

Villiers:300, 303, French frigate, 26 guns, from Toulon, escorted convoys from Brest, 1780 and from Cap Français to Bordeau, 1781.


Atana.

ND5:369, probably a British vessel active mid 1776. It was shown at Marblehead 4 June 1776.


Athol.

McM:23, ND7:1069, 1118, ND8:262, ND10:1205, British brigantine, Capt James Wadie, captured in late 1776 or 3 Apr 1777 on the way to Granada by American Revenue.


Atlante.

SchIV:345, Spanish warship, 74 guns, in Second Armada. Beerman:253, warship in Minorca Operation, 1781. Said to have been in 12/14 Sep 1782 attack on Gibraltar.


Atlantic.

Peabody:238, British brig which was a prize of the Chasseur. It was headed for the United States when boarded by a crew of the Grand Turk 1 Sep 1782, then permitted to pass. [This refers to the brig Grand Turk in the War of 1812


Atlantic.

NR10:242, British snow captured by the CT privateer Wooster, c 1777. ND10:242, libelled in MA Middle District, 1777.


Atlas.

Clark:I:181, French transport, formerly the Northumberland, 1780.


El Atlas.

SchIV:358, Spanish warship, 70 guns, at Cadiz in Nov 1780.


Auctioneer.

CTP:55, British/Tory privateer schooner, Capt Samuel Rogers of Norwalk, CT, captured off Sandy Hook, NJ, 15 Jun 1779, laden with rum and sugar.


Audacious.

RM5:319, 328, Genoese privateer, Capt Thomas Bell, which was supposed to be purchased and used by Americans; however, this venture never got off the ground. Accounting for the funds used took years after the war was over. Involved were Robert Morris, Thomas Morris, Silas Deane, Thomas Bell, one Eyries of Havre de Grace, and Beaumarchais.


L'Audacieuse.

SchV:61, French privateer, 24 guns, 194 men, captured in 1779 by the British Licorne at Newfoundland.


Audacious.

RM7:102, a vessel shipped with indigo, with Peter Whiteside involved. He was requesting settlement of debt in Sep 1782.


Augusta.

ND4:734, British transport, 1776, possibly captured that year or later.


Augusta.

SchV:46, British vessel, 60 guns, Capt F. Reynolds, burned at the attack of Mud Island, in the Delaware in 1777.


Augusta.

PANavy:194-95, 197-201, 201-204, FW3:602, 836, ND11:880, British warship, 64 guns, Capt Francis Reynolds, which caught fire and burned in the invasion of the Delaware River in 1777. Ford:70, 75, 80, 81, guns and other items were salvaged by Americans.


L'Auguste.

Comm:164-170, French ship of the line, 80 guns, Capt Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, in West Indies in 1781, then at Yorktown, then survived the Battle of Saints in 1782. Crew listing for 1781. Departed Boston for Puerto Cabello, Venezuela, Dec 1782.


L'Auguste.

Bonsal:190, 205, French frigate, survived the Battle of Saints in 1782, returned to France in 1783.


L'Augustino.

SchIV:384-385, Spanish warship, 73 guns, missing after Feb 1781 storm.


Aurora.

ND2:736, ??? vessel, probably British, active 1775.


Aurora.

Force:5:III:1527, ND7:165, 168, 1079, British vessel, Capt Gregor McGregor, St. Vincent's to Glasgow, captured by Independence, 14 Aug 1776.


Aurora.

R77:108, British vessel, Capt Pocock, Bristol to Tortola, 1777.


Aurora.

R77:513, British vessel, Capt Stewart, Liverpool to New York, 1777.


Aurora.

NR10:1206, British schooner, Capt Doucett, 60 tons, Nova Scotia fisherman, by the Pompey, 3 Sep 1778 or 1779.


Aurora.

Allen:79, probably the name of a British ship taken in 1779 by Capt Tuck in the Bennington.


Aurora.

Mc:451, British vessel, prize of MA privateer Thorn, Capt Samuel Tucker, captured 1781 and then sold.


Aurora.

M:278, ND2:314, ND3:617, PA ship under Capt Thomas Read, brought letters from London to Philadelphia, Oct 1775, men starved to death from cold, 4 Jan 1776.


Aurora.

S:17, VA ship which traveled to Nantes, France, in 1776. ND7:352, DaviesXXIII, document 131i, carried tobacco for Nantes, Capt John Hutchinson, ship taken over by crew and delivered to Liverpool, Jan 1777. ND3:24n, 617, FordXIII:166, possibly a ship owned by Willing, Morris, & Aurora. ND4:1056, probably American brig, Capt Craw, captured by British Boreas, 19 Apr 1776.


Aurora.

ND6:1153, ND7:120, 121, ship, formerly the Oxford, captured by Cont. brig Andrew Doria, chartered by Secret Committee, with supplies from Philadelphia, 7 Oct1776.  RM5:6, a vessel, probably from Annapolis, MD, chartered to Benjamin Harrison, Jr, for use by Robert Morris in 1776, loaded with tobacco and captured later, with Robert Morris defending his conduct in 1779. This may be the ship still under litigation in 1782 and 1783.


Aurora.

ND6:147, 149, ND9:595, American ship, Capt Jacob Getsheues/Getshius, captured by British Enterprise, 22 Aug 1777.


Aurora.

DaviesXIII:113, ND7:352, ND9:382, American ship, Capt James Hutchinson, formerly British Army Transport Oxford, taken by crew to Britain, 1777.


Aurora.

Paullin:468, RI commercial vessel used to carry supplies, 1777.  ND10:755, RI trading ship, c 1777. This seems to be the American armed ship out of Philadelphia which was captured by the British frigate Iris on 26 May 1780 and taken into New York.


Aurora.

ND8:317, ND11:450, American brig loaded with molasses etc, Guadelupe to Newburyport, MA, captured 10 Apr 1777 by British Glasgow, Capt Thomas Pasley.


Aurora.

Allen:77 shows seven MA privateers or cruises by ships of this name, commanders Redmond Hacker in Aug 1778, Thomas Collier in Aug 1780, David Porter of Boston in Oct 1780 and Jun 1781, René Chaloche of Boston in Nov 1781, George Williams, Jr of Salem in Dec 1781, and Robert Caldwell in 1782. Crewmen under David Porter are listed in MAS. Index of Cont. Congress shows entries for a vessel of this name each year from 1776 through 1783. James Taylor was listed as a 1783 owner of a vessel of this name.


Aurora.

Allen:76, Paine:454, Salem, MA privateer schooner, 6 guns, 6 swivels, 30 men, Aug 1778, Capt Redmond Hackett.


Aurora.

Mill:139, Maclay:90, C68, 120, NH privateer brig, 18 guns 120 men, Capt Thomas Collyer in Dec 1779 and perhaps in early 1780. The brig was captured with 8 guns, 16 men, Capt Samuel Gerrish in May/June, 1780, by the British Cerberus and crew sent to Mill Prison. Kamenkow:220 shows Captain Samuel Gerrish, and court case 25 Jul 1780. C120 shows the capture to be 25 Jul 1780.


Aurora.

Allen:76, MA privateer ship, Aug 1780, Capt Thomas Collier/Collyer. This record is confused with the one above and there may have been two vessels. JA10:265, possibly one of the vessels.


Aurora.

McM:292, C302, PA ship, 20 guns, 70 men, Capt Wollman Sutton, bound for St Eustatius captured by the British Iris off Cape Henlopen 26 May 1780. Greene:vii, this may be the armed ship in which Philip Freneau was captured and, along with the crew, sent to the prison ship Scorpion for a month, thence to a hospital ship. FordXVIII:1127, carried official dispatches which were thrown overboard by the Master of the vessel when it faced capture in 1780.


Aurora.

Allen:76, 77, McM:492, LCP:8/9, MA privateer ship, 10 guns, 20 men, Oct 1780, Capt David Porter of Boston, #285, captured in Jun 1781 and taken into New York.


Aurora.

Allen:77, NR:231, LCP:8/9, MA LM privateer schooner, 6 guns, 20 men, Nov 1781, Capt René Chaloche of Boston, #138.


Aurora.

SchV:55, R81II:260, ship of 18 guns and 80 men taken by squadron of Admiral Graves in 1781.


Aurora.

Allen:77, NR:231, LCP:8/9, MA LM privateer brigantine, 6 guns, 12 men, Dec 1781, Capt George Williams, Jr, of Salem, #98.


Aurora.

Allen:77, Paine:454, Salem, MA privateer brig, 10 guns, 75 men, 1782, Capt ?Robert? Caldwell.


Aurora.

Lux:181n23, ship, (See next entry.)


Aurore/Aurora.

Howard:120, 121, 217, Villiers:298, this was also the name for a French frigate or flute provided by Admiral La Motte Piquet to move Mr. Gerard and John Jay from St Pierre, Martinique, to France in 1779. JA8:294, French frigate, 1779.  JA10:26, French frigate, 1780. It is also listed as a flute in the West Indies in 1781.


Austin.

Salley:41, schooner in SC records.


Autumn.

ND1:1370, ??? brig, Capt James Campbell, 118 tons, 8 men, Annapolis, MD to Bristol, England, with wheat and flour, 15 May 1775. ND3:1368, at Baltimore on 1 May, 1775, from Cadiz and New York.


Axiel.

Said to be a 20 gun Continental Navy ship, 1780-1781, but seldom noted. [Same as Ariel (Jones) above.]


AmUnitA, 9 Nov 2007.


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com

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