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American Warship Losses by Cause





American Warship Losses by Cause


13 May 1776:

Georgia Navy Schooner [unknown] captured by British


6 June 1776

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Yankee Hero (Commander James Tracy), captured by HM Frigate Milford.


3 July 1776:

Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Yankee (Commander Henry Johnson), captured by her prisoners aboard.


26 August 1776:

Continental Army Schooner Warren (Captain Burke), captured by HM Frigate Liverpool (Captain Henry Bellew) 246 miles southwest of Cape Sambro, to the west of George's Bank.


30 September 1776:

Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Wolfe (Commander Nathaniel Freeman), captured by HM Frigate Unicorn (Captain Charles Fielding)


16 January 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Charming Sally (Commander Francis Brown), captured by HMS Nonesuch, 135 miles northwest of Cape Finisterre.


2 March 1777:

South Carolina Privateer Brig Chance (Commander Peter Johnson) captured by HM Sloop Hound (Captain James Robertson) off Cap Francois, Hispaniola.


8 March 1777:

Pennsylvania Privateer Brigantine General Montgomery (Commander Benjamin Hill) captured by HM Frigate Levant (Captain George Murray) off the Madeira Islands.


[20] March 1777:

Continental Navy Sloop Wasp (Lieutenant John Baldwin), sunk in storm off the Delaware Capes, between 12 March 1777 and 10 April 1777.


 6  April 1777:

Continental Navy Sloop Sachem (Captain James Robinson), captured 174 miles southeast of Cape Henlopen, Delaware, by HM Frigates Perseuus and Roebuck.


18 April 1777:

South Carolina Privateer Sloop Allston (or Alston, Commander William Thompson), captured  twenty-four miles southeast of Cape Fear by HM Frigate Galatea (Captain Thomas Jordan)


30 April 1777:

South Carolina Privateer Sloop Alice (Commander John Porter), captured near Belle-Île, France, twenty-four miles from the mouth of the Loire River, by HMS Foudroyant (Captain John Jervis)


 2 May 1777:

South Carolina Privateer Sloop Active (Commander John Osborne), captured en route to France when part of the crew mutinied under the leadership of Second Mate Joseph Ring.


 19 May 1777:

Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Oliver Cromwell (Commander Harman Courter) captured by HM Sloop Beaver (Commander James Jones), off St. Lucia, French West Indies.


18 July 1777:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop America (Commander Asa Palmer), captured [in Long Island Sound] by unknown British forces


[26] July 1777:

Continental Navy Schooner [Lugger] Surprize (Captain Gustavus Conyngham), sold at Dunkerque, France, to avoid political difficulties.


4 August 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Wilkes (Commander John Foster Williams) driven ashore and blown up by HM Frigates Orpheus and Amazon


24 August 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner (or Brig) Black Snake (Commander William Lecraw), captured by tenders from HMS Portland


27 August 1777:

Rhode Island Privateer Ship Oliver Cromwell (Commander Samuel Chace, Jr.), driven ashore and destroyed by HM Sloop Kingsfisher, in the Sakonnet River, Rhode Island


9 September 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Warren (Commander Silas Howell), captured by HM Frigate Unicorn.


16 September 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Buckram (Commander John Cross), captured by HM Frigate Diamond


17 September 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Cutter (Commander Silas Smith), captured by HM Brig Hope after being abandoned by her crew at Port Gambier, Nova Scotia.


15 October 1777:

[Continental] Privateer Sloop Guest (Commander Edward McKaller), captured by HM Sloop Racehorse (Acting Lieutenant Charles Jordan) forty-five miles north of Montego Bay, Jamaica.


18 November 1777:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Active (Commander John Foster Williams), captured by HM Frigate Mermaid 228 miles south of Cape Sambro (39°52'N).


25 November 1777:

Pennsylvania Privateer Brigantine Hetty (Commander John Ashbourn), captured when part of the crew mutinied in the Bay of Biscay, France.


29 November 1777

[Continental] Privateer Schooner Johnson (Commander Thomas Williams), captured by HM Frigate Ariadne sixty-nine miles NNE of Martinique


19 December 1777

[Continental] Privateer Sloop Henry (Commander Nathaniel Monro), captured by the Grenada Government Sloop” near Grenada, British West Indies


22 December 1777

South Carolina Navy Brig Comet (Captain James Pyne) captured by HM Frigate Daphne (Captain St. John Chinnery).


28 December 1777

Georgia Privateer Schooner Nancy (Commander John Brown) captured by HM Brig Antigua (Lieutenant Billy Douglas).


2 January 1778

American Privateer Alligator, captured by her prisoners.


27 January 1778:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner True Blue (Commander Laurence Furlong), captured by HM Frigates Apollo (Captain Philemon Pownoll) and Venus (Captain William P. Williams).


[February] 1778:

New Hampshire Privateer Brigantine McClary (Commander John Gregory), captured by the British.


6 February 1778:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Warren (Commander John Ravell), captured by British Privateer Ship Fanny (J. Wignall).


7 March 1778

Continental Navy Ship Randolph (Captain Nicholas Biddle) blew up and sank in action with HMS Yarmouth (Captain Nicholas Vincent).


8 March 1778

Georgia Privateer Sloop General Gates (Commander Caspar Rowx) captured by British Privateer Ship Friendship (D. Fisher)


[March] 1778

Maryland Privateer Brig Sturdy Beggar (Commander James Campbell) wrecked on the coast of France.


 7 May 1778:

Continental Navy Frigate Washington (Captain Thomas Read), scuttled off White Hill, New Jersey, to prevent capture by British, and in an effort to preserve the hull. Her upper works burned by a British raiding party on 7 May 1778.


[nd] [June] 1778:

[Pennsylvania Privateer] [unknown] Angelica ([Commander] William Davis, captured by the British before 7 July 1778.


[August] 1778:

Maryland Privateer Schooner Baltimore (Commander John Fanning) captured by the British.


[nd] [August] 1778:

Pennsylvania Privateer Sloop Active captured when a number of British prisoners aboard seized the sloop.


[November] 1778:

Maryland Privateer Sloop Abingdon (Commander James Handy) captured by the British.


[November] 1778:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Betsey (Commander Elisha Brown) captured by the British.


[30 December 1778]:

Georgia Navy Armed Boats (two), Georgia Navy Galleys (two) and Georgia Navy trading vessels (two) captured at fall of Savannah


[9/10 January 1779]

Two Georgia Navy Galleys burned to prevent capture following the fall of Sunbury, All eight picket boats lost about this time.


8 February 1779

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Bunker Hill (Commander Nicholas Ogelbe or John Turner) captured by the British


March 1779

Remaining two Georgia Navy Galleys captured by the British.


8 May 1779

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Eagle (Commander Edward Conkling) captured by the British


[June] 1779

Maryland Privateer Brig Betsey (Commander Benjamin Bradhurst) captured by the British


[nd July] 1779

Connecticut Privateer Schooner Hazard (Commander Hezekiah Perkins) captured by the British.


 6 August 1779:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop American Revenue (Commander Samuel Champlin, Jr.) captured by HM Frigate Greyhound (Captain George Dawson).


14 August 1779:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Vengeance (Commander Thomas Thomas), burned or destroyed to prevent capture by the British during the Penobscot Bay Expedition.


20 September 1779:

Connecticut Privateer Schooner Eagle (Commander David Brooks), captured by HM Frigate Daphne


24 September 1779:

Continental Navy Ship Bonhomme Richard (Captain John Paul Jones) (40) sank following Battle off Flamborough Head. [Clowes, iv, 113]


19 October 1779

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Harlequin (Commander Joseph Hurd) captured by unknown British forces.


[March] 1780:

South Carolina Privateer Schooner Cassandra captured by HMS Bristol.


22 March 1780:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Beaver (Commander Dan Scovell) captured by HM Frigate Galatea and HM Cutter Tender Retaliation


[April] 1780:

Maryland Privateer Brig Bacchus (Commander Charles Wells) captured by the British in the West Indies.


[May] 1780:

Massachusetts Navy Ship Protector (26) captured by HM Frigates Roebuck (44) and Medea (28). [Clowes, iv, 113] Taken in to Royal Navy as Hussar (28). [Clowes, iv, 113n5]


6 May 1780:

Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Argo (Commander John Ridge) captured by HM Frigate Iris (Captain James Hawker)


12 May 1780:

Continental Navy Ship Queen of France (Captain John Peck Rathbun) (28) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot. [Clowes, iv, 113]


12 May 1780:

Continental Navy Ship Providence (Captain Abraham Whipple) (28) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot. [Clowes, iv, 113]


12 May 1780:

Continental Navy Ship Boston (Captain Samuel Tucker) (24) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot. [Clowes, iv, 113] Taken in to Royal Navy as Charleston. [Clowes, iv, 113n3]


12 May 1780:

Continental Navy Ship Ranger (Captain Simpson) (18) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot. [Clowes, iv, 113] Taken in to Royal Navy as Halifax. [Clowes, iv, 113n4]


12 May 1780:

South Carolina Navy Ship Bricole (44) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, destroyed. [Clowes, iv, 113]


12 May 1780:

South Carolina Navy Ship General Moultrie (20) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, destroyed. [Clowes, iv, 113]


12 May 1780:

South Carolina Navy Ship Notre Dame (16) surrendered at Charlestown to squadron of Vice Admiral Arbuthnot, destroyed. [Clowes, iv, 113]


26 May 1780:

Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Aurora (Commander Woolman Sutton) captured by HM Frigate Iris following a one hour battle.


14 June 1780:

New Hampshire Privateer Brigantine Aurora (Commander Samuel Gerrish) captured by HM Frigate Cerberus.


4 July 1780:

Massachusetts Privateer Sloop American Revenue (Commander William Jigger) driven ashore and destroyed by HM Frigate Galatea.


[15] July 1780:

Maryland Privateer Schooner Baltimore (Commander Robert Caulfield) driven ashore and destroyed by British blockading vessels near Cape Henry, Virginia.


September 1780:

Pennsylvania Privateer Schooner Terrible (Commander Joshua Baker) was captured by the British.


September 1780:

Massachusetts Privateer [unknown] Thorne (Commander Philip Aubin) was captured by the Grantham.


19 September 1780:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Charming Polly (Commander Daniel Bigelow) captured by unknown British forces.


[October] 1780:

Maryland Privateer Brigantine Talbot (Commander Solomon Frazier) captured by HM Frigate Cerberus.


[October] 1780:

Maryland Privateer Brig Tom Johnson (Commander John Martin) was captured by the Surprize.


25 October 1780:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Hibernia (Commander Samuel Smedley) captured by HM Frigate Hussar.


2 December 1780:

North Carolina Privateer Brig Bellona (Commander Gilbert Harrison), went ashore and wrecked on Anastasia Island, East Florida. Crew captured by the British.


[December 1780]:

Pennsylvania Privateer Sloop Comet (Commander Daniel Brown), captured by unknown British forces.


[nd] February 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship America (Commander William Coffin) captured by unknown British forces.


[nd] February 1781:

Pennsylvania Privateer Brigantine Active (Commander John Craig) captured by HM Frigate Stag.


- 1781

Continental Navy Ship Saratoga (Captain John Young) lost at sea. [Clowes, iv, 113]


March 1781

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Hancock (Commander Thomas Chester) captured by unknown British forces.


March 1781

Connecticut Privateer Boat Betsey (Commander John Barlow) captured by the British.


14 April 1781:

Continental Navy Ship Confederacy (Captain Seth Harding) (32) captured by HM Frigates Roebuck (44) and Orpheus (32). [Clowes, iv, 113]


8 June 1781:

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Harmony (Commander Jabez Lord) captured by an unknown British privateer from Halifax, Nova Scotia (Recaptured by Americans).


20 June 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Rover (Commander James Barr) captured by HM Frigate Medea (Captain Henry Duncan) off Cape Sable, Nova Scotia.


27 June 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Active (Commander John Pattin) captured by HM Frigate Oiseau (Captain Henry Lloyd) off the Newfoundland coast.


1 July 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Congress (Commander David Ropes) captured by HM Frigate Oiseau (Captain Henry Lloyd) off the Newfoundland coast.


1 July 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Shark (Commander David Allen) captured by HM Frigate Oiseau (Captain Henry Lloyd) off the Newfoundland coast.


7 July 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Oliver Cromwell (Commander John Bray) captured by HM Frigate Maidstone (Captain William Parker) on the Newfoundland coast.


16 July 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Venus (Commander George Wait Babcock) captured by HM Frigates Danae (Captain Thomas Lloyd) and Surprize (Captain Samuel Reeve) on the Newfoundland coast.


17 July 1781:

Rhode Island Privateer Sloop Independence (Commander Joseph Olney) captured by HM Frigates Danae (Captain Thomas Lloyd) and Surprize (Captain Samuel Reeve) on the Newfoundland coast.


21 July 1781:

New Hampshire Privateer Ship Royal Louis (Commander Nathan Nichols) captured by HMS Portland (Captain James Luttrell) and HM Frigate Vestal (Captain George Berkeley) on the Newfoundland coast.


21 July 1781:

New Hampshire Privateer Brigantine Diana (Commander Hugh Chisholm) captured by HM Frigates Danae (Captain Thomas Lloyd) and Surprize (Captain Samuel Reeve) on the Newfoundland coast.


2 August 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Lion (Commander Jonathan Mason) captured by HM Frigate Maidstone (Captain William Parker) on the Newfoundland coast.


5 August 1781:

[unknown] Privateer Brig General Montgomery captured by HM Frigate Maidstone (Captain William Parker) on the Newfoundland coast.


9 August 1781:

Continental Navy Ship Trumbull (Captain James Nicholson) (28) captured by HM Frigate Iris (32) and HM Sloop General Monk (18). [Clowes, iv, 113]


[10] August 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Aurora (Commander David Porter), captured by HMS Royal Oak (74).


14 August 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Lyon (Commander Wingate Newman) captured by HMS Portland (Captain James Luttrell) and HM Frigate Æolus (Captain George Keppel) on the Newfoundland coast.


2 September 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Disdain (Commander William Patterson) captured by HMS Portland (Captain James Luttrell) and HM Frigates Æolus (Captain George Keppel) and Vestal (Captain George Berkeley) on the Newfoundland coast.


6 September 1781:

[Massachusetts Privateer Sloop America] (Commander William Coit) captured by unknown British forces in an action in which Coit was wounded.


[10 September] 1781:

Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Congress (Commander George Geddes), captured off the Carolina coast by a British frigate.


[nd] October 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Thomas (Commander Isaac Smith) was captured by the Enterprise.


19 October 1781:

Massachusetts Privateer Brig Amsterdam (Commander James Magee), captured by HM Frigate Amphitrite (Captain Robert Biggs)


[nd] October 1781:

Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Deane (Commander Daniel Scovell) was captured by the British.


[nd nm 1782

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Captain (Commander John Donaldson) captured by the British.


[February] 1782

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Caesar (Commander Timothy Peirce) captured by the British.


February 1782

New Hampshire Privateer Ship Bellona (Commander Thomas Manning) captured by the British


[nd] March 1782:

Connecticut Privateer [unknown] Comet (Commander William Wattles captured by the British.


29 March 1782:

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Cato (Commander Johnson Briggs) captured by a British privateer brig.


29 May 1782:

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Chace (Commander Cornelius Thompson) captured by unknown British forces.


[June] 1782:

Connecticut Privateer Schooner Turn of Times (Commander William Reed) captured by the British.


[15] July 1782

Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Banter [Bontram] (Commander Henry White, captured by British ship Quebec.


19 August 1782:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Thorn (Commander Richard Cowell) was captured by HMS Arethusa.


[nd October] 1782:

Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Delight (Commander Samuel Johnson) was captured by the British.


18 October 1782:

Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Thomas (Commander Elisha Lathrop, Jr.)  was captured by the British.


1 November 1782

Connecticut Privateer Sloop Hermione (Commander Thomas Hopkins) ran ashore east of New London, Connecticut and was lost.


21 November 1782

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Argo (Commander Samuel Trevett) wrecked on Moon Island, Old York Harbor, Massachusetts [Maine]


[nd December] 1782:

Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Speedwell (Commander John Ingersoll) captured by unknown British forces.


23 December 1782:

South Carolina Navy Ship South Carolina (Captain John Joyner) (40) captured by HM Frigates Diomede (44), Astraea (32), and Quebec (32). [Clowes, iv, 113]


[January] 1783:

Massachusetts Privateer Ship Apollo (Commander Alexander Mackay), captured by HM Frigate Amphitrite (Captain Rupert George)


[February] 1783:

Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Tartar (Commander John Cathcart) captured by the Belisarius.


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com