T




TALBOT, SILAS
MA

Captain, Continental Navy

Silas Talbot was born at Dighton, Massachusetts in 1751. Talbot resided in Providence, Rhode Island. He was commissioned as a Captain in the Continental Army in 1775. [NOAR, 304] One of Talbot’s notable feats was the capture of HM Galley Tender Pigot, while commanding the Continental Army Sloop Hawk on 29 October 1778.


TAPPAN, ABRAHAM
MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers

Abraham Tappan was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Vulture on 29 January 1782. [NRAR, 488]


TAPPAN [TAPPING], CALEB
MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers

Caleb Tappan [Tapping] was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was associated with the following privateers:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

1/5/79

MA

Brigantine Adventure (6/15)

John O'Brien

Caleb Tapping

John O'Brien, Daniel Tappan, Enoch Morton

[Allen, MPR, 67]


TAPPAN, DANIEL
MA

[Owner], Massachusetts Privateers

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Daniel Tappan was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Ship Cato on 6 May 1782. Tappan subsequently captured brig St. John on 28 August 1782. The brig was re-captured on 28 September 1782 by HM Frigate Renown. [Middlebrook, MCR, II, 63-64] Tappan was also possibly a co-owner of the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Adventure.

As security:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

1/5/79

MA

Brigantine Adventure (6/15)

John O'Brien

Caleb Tapping

John O'Brien, Daniel Tappan, Enoch Morton

[Allen, MPR, 67]


TAPPING, CALEB

[see TAPPAN, CALEB]


TATNALL, ROBERT
PA

Captain, Pennsylvania Navy


Robert Tatnall was commissioned as a Captain in the Pennsylvania Navy on 27 May 1776 and assigned to the Pennsylvania Navy Boat Porcupine. [Jackson, 343. NOAR, 305, indicates the date of commission as 1 July 1776.] Tatnall’s boat was one of five sent to the alarm post at Lewes, Delaware on 11 August 1777 to reinforce that post. [Jackson, 115] He served aboard the Porcupine throughout the Delaware River campaign of September-November 1777. He escaped upriver with part of the fleet on the morning of 20 November 1777. Tatnall was captured by the British at Bristol, Pennsylvania on 7 April 1778. [Jackson, 343. NOAR, 305 gives the date as 17 April and adds that he was taken to Bristol, England, which is wrong.] He suffered great hardships while a prisoner, his health was affected, and he died. In April 1779 his widow petitioned Pennsylvania for his pay and rations until the time of his death. As late as September 1786 she was fruitlessly seeking relief. [Jackson, 321-322]


TAYLOR, RICHARD

VA

Captain, Virginia Navy


Richard Taylor was born on 6 January 1749, the sixth son of George Taylor or Orange. [Stewart, 254] He was a resident of Caroline County, Virginia. He was commissioned on 14 March 1776 to command an armed vessel. He then commanded the cruiser Liberty. On 3 September 1776 he commanded the schooner Hornet on the Rappahannock River. [NOAR, 305] He died on 30 August 1825. [Stewart, 254]


TELFAIR, EDWARD

GA

Member, Georgia Council of Safety


Telfair was suspected of trading with the enemy by South Carolina in December 1775. He was on a committee of three set up by the Council of Safety to arrange for importation of munitions in the spring of 1776 [25] He was delegate to Continental Congress in 1778. [154]









TEMPLE, JOSEPH

CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Joseph Temple was born in 1747. [NOAR, 306] He was a resident of Glastonbury, Connecticut. Temple was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Schooner Delight on 24 February 1778. In April 1778 he captured the sloop Polly and the schooner Sally in Long Island Sound. [Middlebrook, Maritime Connecticut During The Revolution, 69] Temple died in 1825. [NOAR, 306]


TENANT, JAMES

[See TENNANT, JAMES]


TENNANT [TENANT], JAMES

VA

Master, Virginia Navy


James Tennant (Tenant) was appointed as a Master in the Virginia Navy, aboard the Virginia Navy Galley Norfolk Revenge (Captain JOHN CALVERT). He was “commissioned” on 12 July 1776. [Stewart, 255] On 23 October 1776 Tennant was promoted and commissioned as Second Lieutenant. [NOAR, 306] He was recommended for promotion to First Lieutenant in January 1777, [Stewart, 255] and was promoted on 3 February 1777, serving aboard the Norfolk Revenge. On 14 March 1777 Tennant was court-martialed, but was later re-instated. [NOAR, 306]


TEN EYCK, BARENT J.

NY

Captain, Continental Army St. Lawrence River Squadron


Captain Barent J. Ten Eyck was a New Yorker, a Captain in the New York militia at Albany in 1775. He performed a courier mission for the Albany Committee of Safety in May 1775. [NDAR, 1, 320] Ten Eyck was at Quebec in April 1776, where he was appointed to succeed Pepper in command of a schooner (possibly the Continental Army Schooner Isabella) before 24 April. He was ordered to Pointe aux Trembles to support the agent, Hector McNeil and check on suspicious vessels. [NDAR, 4, 1244] Ten Eyck's schooner was driven ashore on 7 May 1776 at Point au Plauton by HM Brig Martin (Captain Henry Harvey) and HM Frigate Surprize (Captain Robert Linzee) following the relief of Quebec. The crew escaped ashore. [NDAR, 4, 1432-1433]


THATCHER, JOHN

[CT]

Captain, Continental Army Lake Champlain Squadron


John Thatcher (possibly a Connecticut man) was a Captain in Colonel Heman Swift's regiment in mid-1776. He was sent to Connecticut with dispatches and had just returned to Fort Ticonderoga on 23 August. Thatcher claimed to Gates that Arnold had promised him command of a galley. Gates contacted Arnold and commented that Thatcher "seems very fit to do it." [NDAR, 6, 283] He was  accepted by Arnold the same day, and assigned to a galley already "done," which could mean any one of three. [NDAR, 6, 283] He probably commanded DAVID WATERBURY's galley, the Washington. [Commanded the Washington, killed (wounded mortally) in the battle of Valcour Island. Bird, Navies, 173, 210] Thatcher might have been from New York. [Claghorn, 306]


THATCHER, STEPHEN G.

CT

Second Lieutenant, Continental Army Lake Champlain Squadron


Stephen G. Thatcher was a native of Connecticut. He was enlisted as a Second Lieutenant by Captain FREDERICK CHAPPEL on 18 August 1776. [NDAR, 6, 985-986. Claghorn, 307, says he was commissioned on 9 August.] Chappel commanded the Continental Army Lake Champlain Squadron Galley Gates, which did not see action, and perhaps Thatcher was aboard too. When Captain Chappel was ordered to raise a new company of sailors for the lakes, on 15 January 1777, he was instructed to offer one of the lieutenancies to Thatcher, who had apparently left for Connecticut.[NDAR, 7, 961-962]


THEW, THEUNIS

[See CHEW, THEUNIS]


THOMAS, JOHN

SC

Commander, South Carolina Privateers


John Thomas was in command of the South Carolina Privateer Sloop Liberty in 1777. [Coker, 300]


THOMAS, THOMAS

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Thomas Thomas was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts when he was commissioned to the 120-ton Massachusetts Privateer Brig Yankee Hero on 13 January 1776. [NDAR, III, 764] At sea in February Yankee Hero captured the British Transport Snow James, British Transport Brigantine Sally, and British Transport Brigantine Nelly. [NDAR, IV, 34-35, 81-82, 136 and note, 157 and note, 389] After this cruise Thomas left the Yankee Hero. For most of the rest of the Revolution, Thomas was involved in the ownership of privateers. Thomas signed the bond for the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Civil Usage (Commander Andrew Giddings) on 18 September 1776. He was listed as a “merchant” in the bond. [Allen, MPR, 99] Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Ranger (Commander Peter Roberts) was commissioned on 25 September 1776. Thomas served as a bonder for this vessel. [Allen, MPR, 249] Massachusetts Privateer Ship Neptune (Commander William Friend) was commissioned on 17 July 1777, listing Thomas as an owner. [NRAR, 402] Thomas again served as a bonder for Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Independence (Commander Nicholas Johnson), on 25 November 1777. [Allen, MPR, 186] Thomas is listed as the owner of Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Marquis de La Fayette (Commander Seth Thomas), commissioned 21 January 1779. He also signed her bond. [Allen, MPR, 216] Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Shark (Commander William Preston) was commissioned on 3 May 1779. Thomas served as a bonder. Shark was re-commissioned on 19 October 1779 under Commander Nathaniel Bently. Thomas was now listed as an owner. [Allen, MPR, 279] Massachusetts Privateer Brig [Maclay, American Privateers, 117; Allen, Naval History of the American Revolution, i, 359. Claghorn, Naval Officers of the American Revolution, 308, refers to her as a ship; 219, as a brig.] or Ship Vengeance was commissioned on 30 June 1779 with Thomas as Commander.  She was noted as a “ship.” [Allen, MPR, 324-325] Vengeance was a participant in the ill-fated Penobscot Expedition of 1779, and was destroyed in the Penobscot River to prevent her capture on 14 August 1779. [Maclay, History of American Privateers, 118; Allen, MPR, 324-325] On 11 January 1781 Marquis de La Fayette was again commissioned,  with Thomas listed as an owner and bonder. [NRAR, 384] A third commission, on 1 September 1781, listed Marquis de La Fayette as a brigantine, under Commander Joseph Wells. Thomas was again listed as an owner, and signed her bond. [NRAR, 384] The same day that Marquis de La Fayette received her last commission, Massachusetts Privateer Ship Mercury (Commander Seth Thomas) was commissioned (1 September 1781). Thomas was listed as her owner and signed her bond. [NRAR, 391] Thomas was listed as the owner of Massachusetts Privateer Ship Count de Grasse (Commander Nicholas Johnson), commissioned 24 December 1781. He was a bonder for this vessel. [NRAR, 260]


THOMASON [THOMSON], GEORGE

Commander, Pennsylvania Privateers


George Thomason [NOAR, 308] (or Thomson) was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania when he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Brigantine Achilles on 28 August 1779. [NRAR, 217]


THOMPSON, BENJAMIN

(P)

Lieutenant, Continental Marines


THOMPSON, BENJAMIN

PA

Captain, Pennsylvania Navy


Benjamin Thompson was commissioned as a Captain in the Pennsylvania Navy and assigned to the Pennsylvania Navy Boat Dragon on 7 April 1777. He died on 7 September 1777. [Jackson, 342] [NOAR, 308, indicates that Benjamin Thompson was commissioned as First Lieutenant of the Pennsylvania Navy Galley Experiment on 15 September 1777. Either two different men are involved or the date is wrong.]


THOMPSON, CORNELIUS

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Cornelius Thompson of Salem, Massachusetts [NRAR, 249] was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Hawk (of four guns and twenty-five men) on 22 July 1780. [NOAR, 308] On 7 September 1781 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Chace, with ten guns and thirty-five men. [NRAR, 249] Thompson was captured by the British on 29 May 1782 and later exchanged. [NOAR, 308] He was commissioned on 21 October 1782 to the Massachusetts Privateer Brig Atalanta of ten guns and twenty-five men. [NRAR, 230]


THOMPSON, JAMES

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


James Thompson was born about 1750 in Springfield, Massachusetts. He moved to Boston, Massachusetts about 1763, where he married and had children. [NDAR, VIII, 822-825] He was commissioned as commander of the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Rising States on 18 October 1776. [Allen, MPR, 265] Thompson sailed for European waters on 29 January 1777. After a rough beginning, three prizes were captured: snow Prince George, brig Fleece, and an unknown sloop. On 15 April 1777 Rising States was captured by HMS Terrible. The prisoners arrived at Spithead, aboard the Terrible, on 30 April. They were committed to Forton Prison, the first occupants there, on 14 June 1777. Eleven prisoners escaped on the morning of 20 June by breaking through the wall including Thompson and his Captain of Marines, Henry Fritze. By 23 June two escapees had been recaptured and brought back to Forton, where they were sent to the Black Hole. The two sailors reported they had left Thompson and Fritze the night before, both very tired. By 2 July Thompson and Fritze had reached France. In reporting Thompson’s arrival Lord Stormont recorded he had cruised successfully; had arrived with no money but was given a “pretty large sum” by Franklin; and was going to Nantes to purchase a French vessel to cruise in the channel. Thompson “gives out, he hopes to take ample Revenge for the harsh Treatment he pretends to have received in Prison.” [NDAR, VII, VIII, IX] He was back in Massachusetts by 31 July 1778, when he was appointed as Lieutenant on the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Lizard (Commander John Barnard) [MSSR] He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Penet (or Pennet) on 9 January 1779. [Allen, MPR, 234; MSSR]. On 3 June 1779 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Lee, [Allen, MPR, 203-204] and, on 26 July 1780, to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Despatch (Dispatch). [Allen, MPR, 115]


THOMPSON, SANFORD

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Sanford Thompson of Middletown, Connecticut [NRAR, 484] was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Schooner Gamecock (six guns and sixteen men) on 3 June 1779. On 30 June Thompson captured the British schooner Humbird. [NOAR, 309] He was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Schooner Bunker Hill on 7 April 1780. [NRAR, 244; Middlebrook, Maritime Connecticut During The Revolution, II, 63] A week later he captured the British Privateer Sloop Dolphin after an action in which he was wounded. He also recaptured the schooner Lee. Another prize ship was taken in May 1780. [Middlebrook, Maritime Connecticut During The Revolution, II, 63] Thompson's third command was the Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Van Tromp, on 1 June 1780, a vessel of twelve guns and fifty-five men. [NRAR, 484] On 15 October 1781 he was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Schooner Weasel. [Claghorn, 309] Following this command, Thompson returned to the Van Tromp. He arrived in the Connecticut River from Havana, Cuba on 25 October 1782. [see Van Tromp]


THOMPSON, THOMAS

(P)

Captain, Continental Navy

Owner, New Hampshire Privateers


Thomas Thompson was associated in privateering with WILLIAM GARDNER. Vessels associated with Thompson were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Owners

Security

Witness

10/11/81

NH

Ship Bellona (18/100)

Thomas Manning

Thomas Thompson, William Gardner

Thomas Manning, Thomas Thompson, William Gardner

[NRAR, 234]


THOMPSON, WILLIAM

SC

Commander, South Carolina Privateers


William Thompson was in command of the South Carolina Privateer Sloop Allston in 1777. [Coker, 300]


THOMSON, GEORGE

[see GEORGE THOMASON]


THORNDIKE, LARKIN

MA

[Owner], Massachusetts


Larkin Thorndike was a resident of Beverly, Massachusetts. He was associated with the following privateers:

As security:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

9/8/79

MA

Schooner Adventure (6/35)

Robert Newman

 

Robert Newman, Larkin Thorndike, Sewell Tuck

[Allen, MPR, 68]


THORNE, HENRY

NJ

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


Henry Thorne was a resident of Egg Harbor, New Jersey. He was associated with the following vessels:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

8/18/79

PA

Schooner Terrible (4/14)

Joshua Baker

Henry Thorne and Joshua Baker & Co.

Henry Thorne, John Morrell

James Trimble [NRAR, 473]


THORNTON, CHRISTOPHER

CT

Prize Master, Connecticut Privateers


Christopher Thornton was a Prize Master on the Connecticut Privateer Sloop Eagle (Commander WILLIAM LEEDS), commissioned 4 May 1782. One prize was captured on the following cruise. Eliza was sold at Havana, Cuba about August 1782. [Middlebrook, II, 80]


TIBBITT, JAMES

MD

Second Lieutenant, Maryland Privateers


James Tibbitt was probably a resident of Baltimore, Maryland. He was appointed as First Lieutenant on the Maryland Privateer Brig Sturdy Beggar (Commander JAMES CAMPBELL) on 5 August 1777. Tibbitt was presumably aboard during the brig’s voyage to Europe. The Sturdy Beggar was wrecked on the French coast about March 1778 with the loss of all hands. [see Sturdy Beggar]


TILEY, JOHN

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers

Second Lieutenant, Continental Army Boston Squadron


John Tiley was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. On 1 February 1776 he was appointed as Second Lieutenant on the Continental Army Schooner Lynch. [see Lynch] On 15 October 1776 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Oliver Cromwell. [see Oliver Cromwell]


TILGHMAN, MATHEW

MD

[Owner], Maryland Privateers


Mathew Tilghman was a resident of Annapolis, Maryland [NRAR, 9] and presumably a privateer owner. Vessels associated with Tilghman were:

As security:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

9/25/79

MD

Brigantine Talbot (20/25)

Solomon Frazier

James Chamberlaine et al

Solomon Frazier, Mathew Tilghman

Thomas Johnson, Jr. [NRAR, 472]


TINKER, SILVANUS

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


Silvanus Tinker was aresident of East Haddam, Connecticut. Humphrey Lyon & Co. were associated in this same ownership group. Vessels associated with Tinker/Lyon were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

7/25/82

CT

Brigantine Marshall (14/80)

Charles Bulkley

Silvanus Tinker & Co.

Charles Bulkley, Jabez West, David Trumbull

[NRAR, 387]

3/6/83

CT

Brigantine Marshall (14/65)

Noah Scovell

Humphrey Lyon & Co.

 

[Claghorn, 273]


TINKER, STEPHEN

NC

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Stephen Tinker, perhaps of New London, Connecticut, [NRAR, 225] was a merchant skipper in the employ of either John Wright Stanly (of New Bern, North Carolina) or Nathaniel Shaw, Jr. (of New London, Connecticut). Before 10 May 1776 he arrived in New London from New Bern. [NDAR, V, 30-31] On 13 June 1776 Shaw sent Tinker to obtain a commission for Connecticut Privateer Sloop American Revenue, [NDAR, V, 510] which was issued 15 June, listing Tinker as commander. [NRAR, 225]. If Tinker ever commanded this vessel it was very brief. The American Revenue was at sea under WILLIAM PACKWOOD not long after. Tinker disappears until 10 October 1776, whe he sailed from New Bern in the 180-ton brig Independence, an unarmed vessel bound for Guadeloupe, French West Indies with a cargo of lumber and tar. She was captured on 28 October 1776 by HM Frigate Portland and taken into St. Johns, Antigua. [NDAR, VII, 428-429] Tinker was evidently still a prisoner in March 1777, when Shaw, writing to Stanly, mentions that Tinker’s family is well. [NDAR, VIII, 100-101]


TOLEMEN, ELIJAH

First Lieutenant, Continental Army Lake Champlain Squadron


Elijah Tolemen was First Lieutenant and commanding officer of the Continental Army Lake Champlain Squadron Galley Trumbull, at Fort Ticonderoga on 26 June 1777. [NDAR, 9, 174] During the British attack on Fort Ticonderoga on 5 July, Trumbull escorted a small convoy to Skenesborough. She was captured there on 6 July 1776. [NDAR, 9, 225]


TOWERS, JOHN

CT

First Lieutenant, Connecticut Privateers


John Towers was appointed as First Lieutenant on the Connecticut Privateer Ship Governor Trumbull (Commander HENRY BILLINGS) in November 1778. He sailed with her and was aboard during the salvage of the British Transport Ship Marquis of Rockingham and the voyage to the West Indies. He was presumably aboard during the Raid on Tobago (16 January 1779) and the Governor Trumbull’s capture by HM Frigate Venus on 5 March 1779. [see Governor Trumbull]


TOWNE, BENJAMIN

PA

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


Benjamin Towne was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was associated with the following privateers:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

6/20/79

PA

Schooner Adventure (6/20)

John McIlnoe

Benjamin Towne and John Bartholomew & Co.

John McIlnoe, Benjamin Towne

[NRAR, 221]


TRACY, JAMES

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


James Tracy was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts and was a relative of Jonathan Jackson’s wife, a principal of the firm of Jackson, Tracy & Tracy. He had served in the British navy in some capacity. Although not born in America he was later described as a “warm friend to it’s liberties.”  Tracy was commissioned to the 120-ton Massachusetts Privateer Brig Yankee Hero on 20 February 1776, armed with fourteen guns and intended to have a crew of forty men. [NDAR, IV, 19; VIII, 969-970] By early June 1776 Tracy was equipped for a cruise to the West Indies, but was short handed, having only twenty-five men of the hundred he wanted. [NDAR, VI, 126-128, 778-780] Tracy headed for Boston on 6 June, intending to recruit there. [NDAR, V, 724-725] On the way Tracy fell in with HM Frigate Milford (Captain John Burr). A chase and an extended action followed before Yankee Hero surrendered. Tracy had been wounded in the fight. Although efforts were begun at once to exchange the prisoners Tracy was eventually taken to Halifax. [NDAR, VI, 126-128, 778-780] Tracy was paroled on 4 November 1776 and had been exchanged by 16 January 1777. An appointment was sought for him in the Continental Navy, without success. [NDAR, VII, 104-105, 969-970] On 16 July 1777 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Hero (twenty-eight guns, one hundred men). [NRAR, 333] For unknown reasons he changed to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Revenge, about October 1777. On 12 February 1778 the Independent Chronicle reported certain news of her safe arrival in Bordeaux, France. [Allen, MPR, 261]


TRACY, ROBERT

MA

Second Lieutenant, Massachusetts Privateers


Robert Tracy was no doubt a kinsman of JAMES TRACY, the commander of the Massachusetts Privateer Brig Yankee Hero, aboard which Robert served. Following the battle with HM Frigate Milford on 6 June 1776, Robert Tracy was kept a prisoner aboard HMS Renown. [NDAR, VI, 126-128, 778-780]


TRASK [TRUSK], SAMUEL

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Samuel Trask (or Trusk) was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. [NOAR, 314] He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Cato on 8 September 1779. [Allen, Massachusetts Privateers, 91] On 8 April 1780 Trask was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Resolution, and, on 20 February 1781 to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Hope. [NOAR, 314] His final command was the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Buckram, commissioned 22 August 1782. [Allen, MPR, 89]


TRAVIS, EDWARD

VA

Captain, Virginia Navy


Edward Travis was appointed as a Captain in the Virginia Navy in April 1776 and assigned to the Virginia Navy Galley Manley, [Stewart, 259] then under construction on the James River. Travis was commissioned on 8 June 1776. [NOAR, 314] On 6 September 1776 he was ordered to join Commodore JOHN THOMAS BOUCHER at New Point Comfort, Virginia. [NOAR, 314; Stewart, 16] An escort mission to sea was performed by this squadron. [Stewart, 16] On 9 September George Gooseley was paid £48.13.13 for supplying rum to the Manley. On 24 October 1776 he was appointed to command the Virginia Navy Brig Raleigh. On 17 April 1777 Travis received sailing orders to annoy enemy shipping. The Raleigh was captured in May 1777 by HM Frigate Thames. [NOAR, 314] He later commanded the Virginia Navy Ships Thetis and Tartar. He later lived on Jamestown Island. He died in 1784 while en routr to Virginia Springs. [Stewart, 259]


TREADWELL, JACOB

NH

Owner, New Hampshire Privateers


Jacob Treadwell, of Portsmouth, New Hampshire, was associated with the following privateers:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

9/2/77

NH

Schooner McClary

JOSHUA STACKPOLE

 

SAMUEL SHERBURNE

Morris Hern; John Seaward  [NRAR, 381]

As bonder:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

5/17/77

NH

Schooner McClary

THOMAS DALLING

JOSHUA WENTWORTH

 :

John Penhallow; Joseph Simes [NRAR, 381]

1/28/78

NH

Brigantine McClarey

JOHN GREGORY

ROBERT FURNIS; THOMAS MARTIN

 

John Wheelwright; Henry Seaward [NRAR, 381]

1/5/81

NH

Ship Alexander

THOMAS SIMPSON

HENRY MITCHELL; JOHN LANGDON

 

Edmund Roberts; Daniel R. Rogers [NRAR, 223]


TREENE [GREENE], WILLIAM

[See GREENE, WILLIAM]


TREVETT, SAMUEL

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


Samuel Trevett was a resident of Marblehead, Massachusetts. He was associated with the following vessels:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

11/28/77

MA

Schooner Terrible (4/35)

John Conway

Thomas Gerry, Samuel Trevett

John Conway, Azor Orne, Samuel Trevett

John Roads, Charles Halloran [Allen, MPR, 296]


TREVITT, JOHN

(P)

Captain, Continental Marines


TRIP, SAMUEL

[RI]

Commander, Rhode Island Privateers


Samuel Trip, presumably of Rhode Island, is listed as Commander of the Rhode Island Privateer Sloop Yankee Ranger in a document dated 23 September 1776. He never took her to sea however. [NDAR, VI, 955]


TRIPP, JOSEPH

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Joseph Tripp was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Adventure on 15 January 1779. [Allen, MPR, 67-68] Adventure was captured by the British in 1779. She is listed in the High Court of Admiralty records as an American “tobacco” vessel, commanded by Joseph L. Tripp. [HCA 32/262/9/1-5] Whatever else happened, Tripp’s time as a prisoner was short. On 19 April 1779 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Fairfield. [NOAR, 315]


TRIPPE, LEVIN

MD

Commander, Virginia Privateers


Levin Trippe was possibly a resident of Baltimore, Maryland. He was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Sloop Isabella on 13 August 1779, and re-commissioned to her on 6 April 1780. [NRAR, 353] On 20 September 1781 he was commissioned to the Virginia Privateer Galley Tartar. [NRAR, 473]


TROWBRIDGE, ELIHU

(P)

Captain, Continental Marines


TRUMBULL, GEORGE

(P)

Lieutenant, Continental Marines


TRUMBULL, DAVID

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


David Trumbull was associated with SAMUEL BROOME, JOHN BROOME, JOHN TRUMBULL, JOSEPH TRUMBULL and JOHN LIVINGSTON in privateering. Vessels associated with Trumbull were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/6/78

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

Joseph Dodge

Joseph Trumbull, Samuel Broome, John Broome, John Livingston

Joseph Dodge, Samuel Broome, John Broome

[NRAR, 232]

6/?/78

CT

Sloop beaver (12/65)

William Havens

  

[Middlebrook, II, 54-55]

9/3/79

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

William Havens

Samuel Broome & Co. [Boston]

William Havens, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[NRAR, 233]

3/4/80

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/70)

Dan Scovell

John Broome & Co. [Hartford]

Dan Scovell, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[[NRAR, 233]


TRUMBULL, JOHN

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


John Trumbull was associated with SAMUEL BROOME, JOHN BROOME, JOSEPH TRUMBULL, DAVID TRUMBULL and JOHN LIVINGSTON in privateering. Vessels associated with Trumbull were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/6/78

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

Joseph Dodge

Joseph Trumbull, Samuel Broome, John Broome, John Livingston

Joseph Dodge, Samuel Broome, John Broome

[NRAR, 232]

6/?/78

CT

Sloop beaver (12/65)

William Havens

  

[Middlebrook, II, 54-55]

9/3/79

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

William Havens

Samuel Broome & Co. [Boston]

William Havens, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[NRAR, 233]

3/4/80

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/70)

Dan Scovell

John Broome & Co. [Hartford]

Dan Scovell, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[[NRAR, 233]


TRUMBULL, JOSEPH

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


Joseph Trumbull was associated with SAMUEL BROOME, JOHN BROOME, JOHN TRUMBULL, DAVID TRUMBULL and JOHN LIVINGSTON in privateering. Vessels associated with Trumbull were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/6/78

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

Joseph Dodge

Joseph Trumbull, Samuel Broome, John Broome, John Livingston

Joseph Dodge, Samuel Broome, John Broome

[NRAR, 232]

6/?/78

CT

Sloop beaver (12/65)

William Havens

  

[Middlebrook, II, 54-55]

9/3/79

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

William Havens

Samuel Broome & Co. [Boston]

William Havens, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[NRAR, 233]

3/4/80

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/70)

Dan Scovell

John Broome & Co. [Hartford]

Dan Scovell, David Trumbull, John Trumbull

[[NRAR, 233]


TRUSK, SAMUEL

MA

see TRASK, SAMUEL


TRUXTON, THOMAS

 

Commander, Pennsylvania Privateers


Thomas Truxton was born near Hempstead, New York in 1755. [NOAR, 316] He was first commissioned to a privateer on 24 May 1777, to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Mars. [NOAR, 316] Having now moved to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Andrew Caldwell on 1 June 1779. [NRAR, 226] Truxtun next commanded the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Independence, commissioned 15 April 1780. [NRAR, 350] On 28 September 1781 he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship St. James. [NRAR, 463] He was given command of the Pennsylvania Privateer [unknown] Commerce. [NOAR, 316] In the Commerce, on 15 November 1782, Truxtun fought a brig of sixteen guns, along with a schooner of fourteen guns, until two British privateers arrived and drove him off. He was commissioned as a Captain USN in 1794 and commanded the USS Constitution from 1799-1800. [NOAR, 316]


TUCK, SEWELL

MA

[Owner], Massachusetts


Sewell Tuck was a resident of Beverly, Massachusetts. He was associated with the following privateers:

As security:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

9/8/79

MA

Schooner Adventure (6/35)

Robert Newman

 

Robert Newman, Larkin Thorndike, Sewell Tuck

[Allen, MPR, 68]


TUCK, WILLIAM

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


William Tuck, presumably of Massachusetts, commanded the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Bennington about December 1778. He returned to Cape Ann, Massachusetts on 11 January 1779, having taken three known prizes, and possibly one more. [see Bennington]


TUCKER, BENJAMIN

SC

Commissioner, South Carolina Commission to Equip Three Schooners


Appointed to the South Carolina Commission to Equip Three Schooners on 4 September 1775.


TUCKER, JONATHAN

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Jonathan Tucker was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. [NRAR, 222] His first command was the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Robust, commissioned 31 October 1781. [NRAR, 445] He then commanded the Massachusetts Privateer Brig Mermaid, commissioned 15 November 1782. [NRAR, 391] Mermaid was also called the Sherwood, which lists the same battery and crew. [NOAR, 317] He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brig Adventure on 20 August 1782. [NRAR, 222] Jonathan Tucker of Salem is evidently not to be confused with John Tucker of Salem. [NOAR, 317]


TUCKER, SAMUEL

(P)

Captain, Continental Navy


TUFTS, SIMON

SC

Captain, South Carolina Navy

Commander, South Carolina Privateers


Simon Tufts born in Medford, Massachusetts in 1722/23, the son of Thomas Tufts and Emma Phipps. He was raised in Medford. Tufts married Ruth Jackson in 1747 in Boston, Massachusetts. Ruth apparently died and Tufts moved to Charleston, South Carolina. He married Rebecca Lloyd there in 1759. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~walkersj/solomon.htm, accessed 1/11/08] By 1775 Tufts had resided in Charlestown sixteen years. A merchant sea captain, he was well regarded. Tufts was in command of the South Carolina Privateer Ship General Moultrie at an unknown date [Coker, 300] Tufts died at Sullivan’s Island, South Carolina in 1799. [http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com /~walkersj/solomon.htm, accessed 1/11/08]


TURPIN, JOSEPH

SC

Captain, South Carolina Navy


Appointed to South Carolina Navy Brigantine Comet on 11 February 1776. Applied for sailing orders on 9 March, made a brief patrol up and down the coast on 10 March. Sailed on 14 March with Defence to escort two trading vessels to sea. Captured British tender General Clinton on 22 March, returned to Charleston on 24 March. On a cruise in May Turpin took the St. James. Before 29 August Turpin lay to off St. Augustine and cut out a ship by sending in three boats, which was sent to Savannah. When Turpin returned to port he resigned on 16 September 1776.


TURNER, JOHN

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


John Turner was reportedly in command of the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Bunker Hill in 1779. This vessel was reported as captured on 2 February 1779 while under NICHOLAS OGELBE, but yet Turner may have been in command at the time. [Allen, MPR, 90] Turner commanded the Massachusetts Privateer [unknown] Franklin in 1780 and captured the Lord Camden, which was recaptured about January 1781. Turner captured the James and Rebecca, which was recaptured by HM Frigate Endymion in October 1781. [NOAR, 318]


TURNER, THOMAS

(P)

Lieutenant, Continental Marines


TWING, NATHANIEL

(P)

Lieutenant, Continental Marines


TWINING, NATHANIEL

PA

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


Nathaniel Twining was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Vessels associated with Twining were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

8/25/81

PA

Boat Tartar (†/27)

Solomon Hammer

Nathaniel Twining, William Dunton & Co.

William Dunton, Nathaniel Twining

John Geyer, Frederick Snider [NRAR, 472]


TWINING, TIMOTHY

MA

Prize Master, Massachusetts Privateers


Timothy Twining was aboard the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Buckram (Commander JOHN CROSS) as Second Prize Master on 21 August 1777. [NRAR, 243; Allen, MPR, 89; NDAR, X, 347-349] Buckram sailed about mid-September. [Allen, MPR, 89] On 16 September 1777 she was captured by HM Frigate Diamond. [NDAR,  IX, 931 and note] She was sent to Halifax on 22 September 1777. [NDAR, IX, 950] Twining was sent to HM Frigate Lark on 27 September. [NDAR, X, 347-349]


Revised 23 August 2014 © awiatsea.com