E




EAGLESTONE, EBENEZER
CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers

Ebenezer Eaglestone was at sea in mid 1778 commanding the Connecticut Privateer Schooner Hawk. He made one prize, the 10-ton sloop Jenny, on 6 July 1778. She was subsequently released as an improper prize. [Middlebrook, Maritime Connecticut During The Revolution, II, 115]


EARL [EARLE], STEPHEN
MA

Captain, Continental Marines

Stephen Earl was born 4 May 1754 in Dartmouth [Westport], Massachusetts, one of eight children of William and Mary Earl. In July 1776 he enlisted as a Sergeant of Marines at Providence, Rhode Island, in the company being raised by Captain of Marines SILAS DEVOL for service on Continental Navy Ship Providence. After serving six months, Second Lieutenant of Marines SETH CHAPIN was "broke," [According to Earl's deposition, made 21 April 1818, Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 148, 440] and Earl was promoted to Second Lieutenant of Marines to replace him (about January 1777). After serving four months as Second Lieutenant, a vacancy occurred when First Lieutenant of Marines AVERY PARKER was "broke." [Earl's deposition, Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 148, 440] Again Earl was promoted, this time to First Lieutenant of Marines (about May 1777). About August or September 1777 Captain of Marines Devol was appointed as Second Lieutenant (in the Navy) aboard the Providence. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 148, 440] Earl was promoted to fill the vacancy, although he was only twenty-three. This arrangement was apparently fine as long as the frigate was blockaded. When more active service appeared immenient, Captain ABRAHAM WHIPPLE sought a more experienced Captain of Marines, Earl's appointment being looked on as a temporary expedient. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 148] Earl was discharged at Providence in April 1778, being replaced by WILLIAM JONES. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 148, 440] Earl was apparently a person of some substance. In 1779 he purchased a hundred acres of land in upstate New York. He married on 5 May 1782, to another Dartmouth native, Mary Hicks. In 1789 he married Priscilla, Mary's sister. They moved to the New York property in 1800. Earl died in Milton, New York on 8 May 1834. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 440] [Note: Paullin, 513 and Allen, ii, 713, list Earl as a Lieutenant of Marines]


EARL, WILLIAM

Master, Continental Navy


William Earl was Master aboard the Continental Navy Sloop Providence (HOYSTEED HACKER) during the November-December 1776 cruise with Continental Navy Ship Alfred (JOHN PAUL JONES). He was among those entitled to a prize share in the Mellish and Active. [NDAR, VIII, 49-50] Earl enlisted aboard the Continental Navy Ship Columbus (HOYSTEED HACKER) at Providence, Rhode Island, on 9 February 1777, as Master. [NDAR, VIII, 118-120]


EARLE, JOHN [JAMES]
PA

Commander, Pennsylvania Privateers

Commander, Maryland Privateers


John Earle (he was sometimes referred to as James Earle) was born about 1753. He wasa resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Sloop Rutledge on 14 September 1778. [NRAR, 450] On 15 May 1779 he was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Sloop Baltimore Hero. [NRAR, 232] On 13 June the Baltimore Hero, with other privateers, fought an action with several  British privateer vessels off the Rappahannock River in Chesapeake Bay. The Baltimore Hero took a prize and had three casualties in the action. She then completed a round trip to St. Eustatius. [see Baltimore Hero] On 5 September 1780 he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Minerva.[NRAR, 392] In the Minerva Earle captured a schooner. [Maclay, History of American Privateers, 116, giving the date as June 1778] On 11 August 1781, [NRAR, 476] listing his age as 28, [NOAR, 99] he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Boat Trimmer. [NRAR, 476] On 28 December 1781 he was again commissioned to the Minerva. [NRAR, 393] On 19 May 1782, still listing his age as 28, [NOAR, 99] he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Trooper. [NRAR, 478] Finally, on 7 August 1782 he was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Schooner Harlequin. [NRAR, 327]


EASTERLY, THOMAS

First Lieutenant, Continental Army Lake George Squadron


Thomas Easterly was at Fort George on 26 June 1777, assigned to the vessel commanded or to be commanded by Captain LEONARD PRIMER. [NDAR, 9, 174]










EATON, JAMES [JOSHUA]

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


James Eaton was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. He may have been referred to as “Joshua” Eaton sometimes. He was asscociated in privateering with JOHN BAKER, SAMUEL MASUREY and DAVID MASUREY. Privateers associated with Eaton were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

5/21/81

MA

Schooner Panther (8/35)

Samuel Masurey

James Eaton et al

Samuel Masurey, David Masurey, James Eaton

Samuel Ward, Abijah Northey [NRAR, 409]

As bonder:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

5/7/82

MA

Schooner Penguin (10/40)

Samuel Foster

John Baker et al

Samuel Foster, John Baker, James Eaton

Benjamin Pierpont, Benjamin Pierpont, Jr. [NRAR, 413]

As witness:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

7/14/81

MA

Ship Lyon (22/120)

Wingate Newman

Joseph Marquand et al

Wingate Newman, Tristram Coffin, Benjamin Connor

“Joshua” Eaton, John P. Boyd [NRAR, 380]

5/30/82

MA

Schooner Heyder Ally (12/40)

William Baldwin

David Masurey et al

William Baldwin, David Masurey, Butler Fogerty

James Eaton, Benjamin King [NRAR, 337]

10/21/82

MA

Brig Atalanta (10/25)

Cornelius Thompson

Samuel Page et al

Cornelius Thompson, Joseph Sheds, John Baker

James Eaton, Isaac Skillman [NRAR, 230]


EDGAR, THOMAS

CT

First Mate, Connecticut Privateers


Thomas Edgar served as First Mate on the Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Marquis de Lafayette (Commander ELISHA HINMAN) from 13 June 1781. Edgar served to the close of the war.  The brig went out of commission on 13 August 1783. [NOAR, 99]


EDGECOMB, THOMAS

PA

First Mate, Pennsylvania Privateers


Thomas Edgecomb served as First Mate aboard the Pennsylvania Privateer Franklin (Commander THOMAS COX) from 2 January 1782. [NRAR, 304] He listed his age as 24. Around September 1782 the Franklin was captured by the Latona. [NOAR, 99]


EDGECUMBE [EDGCUMBE]

GA [England]

First Lieutenant, Georgia Privateers


One Edgecumbe was in the Royal Navy as a Midshipman. He served aboard a British guard ship at Plymouth, England. Aboard at the same time was another Midshipman named Billy Douglas. Edgecumbe was later assigned to HM Schooner Hinchinbrook which was stationed in the southern parts of the American colonies. Edgecumbe deserted the Hinchinbrook, taking a boat, a boat’s crew and some arms. He enlisted in Savannah, Georgia as First Lieutenant aboard the Georgia Privateer Schooner Nancy (Commander John Brown), perhaps about October 1777. Nancy was captured on 28 December 1777 by HM Brig Antigua, which was commanded by Lieutenant Billy Douglas. Douglas recognized Edgecumbe, who was kept a prisoner and then sent off to Admiral Viscount Howe to be dealt with. [see Nancy]


EDMONDS, JOHN

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


John Edmonds was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Cornwall on 14 January 1778. On 6 July 1779 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Defence. This vessel was destroyed on the Penobscot Expedition to prevent capture by the British. On 24 March 1780 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Defiance, and on 1 February 1781 he was recommissioned to the Defiance. [NOAR, 100]


EDWARDS, ABRAHAM

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Abraham Edwards was a resident of Newburyport, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Mey on 26 July 1781. [NRAR, 391]


EDWARDS, DANIEL

PA

[Owner], Pennsylvania Privateers


Daniel Edwards was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was associated with JOSEPH CARSON & CO. in privateering. Edwards was associated with the following vessels:

As bonder:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

2/1/79

PA

Schooner Rattlesnake (6/35)

Samuel Ball

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

James Trimble, Robert McCleay [NRAR, 431]

2/1/79

PA

Schooner Hornet (8/45)

Oliver Gleason

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

James Trimble, Robert McCleay [NRAR, 344]

2/12/79

PA

Schooner Concord (6/20)

John Souder

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

James Trimble, John Souder [NRAR, 258]

2/21/79

PA

Schooner Rambler (4/10)

John McFatridge

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

James Trimble, James Wilson [NRAR, 427]

5/3/79

PA

Boat Chance (2/30)

Robert Snell

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

Robert McCleay, James Trimble [NRAR, 249]

5/3/79

PA

Schooner Prosperity (6/12)

Joseph Sooy

 

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

Robert McCleay, James Trimble [NRAR, 422]

5/28/79

PA

Brigantine Carolina (14/45)

William Willis

Joseph Carson

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

Robert McCleay [NRAR, 246]

5/28/79

PA

Schooner Rattlesnake (8/35)

David Mansfield

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

James Trimble, Robert McCleay [NRAR, 432]

6/11/79

PA

Schooner Addition (10/30)

James Spencer

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Daniel Edwards

Robert McCleay [NRAR, 220]

As witness:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

7/16/78

PA

Sloop Chance (2/40)

David Stevens

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, David Stevens

Robert McCleay, Daniel Edwards [NRAR, 249]

7/16/78

PA

Schooner Fly (2/45)

John Turner

Nathan Nichols, Joseph Carson

John Turner, Joseph Carson

Robert McCleay, Daniel Edwards [NRAR, 295]

12/9/78

PA

Schooner Addition (10/45)

John Craig

 

William Marshal, Joseph Carson

Robert McCleay, Daniel Edwards [NRAR, 219]

5/3/79

PA

Schooner Rattlesnake (12/45)

John Craig

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Robert McCleay

Daniel Edwards, James Trimble [NRAR, 431]

4/3/80

PA

Sloop Hornet

William Moore

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Robert McCleay

Daniel Edwards [NRAR, 345]

9/20/80

PA

Schooner Little Molly (2/20)

Samuel Ball

Joseph Carson & Co.

Joseph Carson, Joseph Ball

Daniel Edwards [NRAR, 375]


EDWARDS, JOSEPH

PA

First Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Privateers


Joseph Edwards was, possibly, from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He served as First Mate (or First Lieutenant) aboard the Pennsylvania Privateer Boat Luck and Fortune (Commander ENOCH WILLETS) from 11 September 1781. [NRAR, 379]


EDWARDS, PIERPONT

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


Pierpont Edwards was a Connecticut residence. As Pierpont Edwards & Co. He owned one privateer and was associated with others:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/9/80

CT

Schooner Swallow (10/60)

James Hovey

Pierpont Edwards & Co.

James Hovey, Thomas Wooster

Samuel Bishop, Abraham Bishop [NRAR, 469]

As witness:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

10/23/76

CT

[Sloop] Revenge (10/80)

Joseph Conkling

Nathaniel Shaw, Jr. & Co.

John Hudson, Nathaniel Shaw, Jr., Joseph Conkling

Pierpont Edwards, Ralph Isaacs [NRAR, 439]

3/6/78

CT

Sloop Beaver (12/65)

Joseph Dodge

Joseph Trumbull, Samuel & John Broome, John Livingston

Joseph Dodhe, Samuel Broome, John Broome

Pierpont Edwards. Sarah Lloyd [NRAR, 232]


EGGIAR [EGGLAR], WILLIAM

PA

First Mate, Pennsylvania Privateers


William Eggiar [Egglar] was born about 1753. He was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eggiar served as First Mate [First Lieutenant] aboard the Pennsylvania Privateer Brigantine Charming Polly (Commander ALEXANDER T. OGILVIE) from 8 January 1781. [NRAR, 252] He listed his age as 28. [NOAR, 100]


ELAM [ELAN], ROBERT

VA

Second Lieutenant, Virginia Navy


Robert Elam [Stewart, 184] (Elan) [NOAR, 100] was appointed as Second Mate on the Virginia Navy Galley Norfolk Revenge (Captain JOHN CALVERT) on 24 May 1776. [Stewart, 184] He was promoted and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Virginia Navy on 12 July 1776. [Stewart, 184; NOAR, 100] Elam may have commanded the galley after the departure of Calvert and First Lieutenant ARGILL HERBERT on 5 December 1776. [Stewart, 200]


ELDERKIN, BELA

CT

Second Lieutenant of Marines, Connecticut Marines


Bela Elderkin was a resident of Windham in 1776. He was appointed as Second Lieutenant of Marines aboard the Connecticut Navy Ship Oliver Cromwell (Captain WILLIAM COIT) on 21 August 1776 by the Council of Safety. [NDAR, 6, 253 and note] He succeeded JOAB BEEBE. In September 1776 Elderkin traveled up and down the coast recruiting Marines for the ship. [NDAR, 7, 911-912 and 912 note] On 24 February 1777 he was sent to Lebanon with a crew list requested by Governor Jonathan Trumbull and a letter from Captain Coit. Elderkin was especially to inform Trumbull of First Lieutenant SAMUEL SMEDLEY's (Connecticut Navy Brig Defence) attempts to recruit Oliver Cromwell's crew. [NDAR, 7, 1279] He is shown as being on furlough on the crew list, dated 25 February. [NDAR, 7, 1287-1289] Elderkin was one of those officers who roomed and boarded ashore during the time the ship was fitting out, from about 4 September 1776 to 12 December 1776. [NDAR, 7, 459] He was dismissed with the entire crew and officers of the Oliver Cromwell on 11 April 1777 and reappointed as Third Lieutenant on the same day. [NDAR, 8, 319]


ELDERKIN, ELISHA

CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Elisha Elderkin was a resident of New Haven, Connecticut. He commanded the Connecticut Privateer [?] True Blue in 1778. In February 1778 he captured the sloop Mary Ann and the schooner Five Brothers in Long Island Sound. True Blue was captured by the British frigate “Fourye” in June 1778. Elderkin was placed on the prison ship Good Hope in New York harbor. He escaped, was recaptured, and escaped again. [NOAR, 100] By 22 February 1779 Elderkin was at New Haven, Connecticut, from whence he forwarded a libel to James Wadsworth on a prize taken by the the True Blue. On 7 April 1779 the prize was condemned at New Haven, but was appealed to Congress by PIERPONT EDWARDS. [NRAR, 97] On 27 November 1780 Elderkin captured a British sloop and, on 19 January 1781 he took the sloop Charlotte and the schooner Dolphin. On 1 November 1781 he captured the schooner Willing Lass in Great South Bay, Long Island. [NOAR, 100]


ELDERKIN, LUTHER

CT

Midshipman, Connecticut Navy


Luther Elderkin was aboard the Connecticut Navy Ship Oliver Cromwell (Captain WILLIAM COIT) as a Midshipman on 25 February 1777, according to the crew list. [NDAR, 7, 1283-1287] On 17 March 1777 he wrote to Governor Trumbull and the Council of Safety, reporting "Uneasiness" among the officers over First Lieutenant MICHAEL MELALLY's dismissal and that some "inexperienced" person would be appointed to that office. Elderkin reported that Master Levi Young, the boatswain, and several other officers would "decline the service, unless the Ship shall be officer'd agreeable to their Minds." Elderkin requested a discharge form the ship, or appointment to some other service, but noted he had no objection to sailing under Coit. [NDAR, 8, 134-135] On 23 March Elderkin and Boatswain Robert Newson wrote to Trumbull, pointing out the lack of experienced officers aboard and the insufficient number of sailors "to sail her in safety." As their time of enlistment was outon 1 May 1777, the officers requested a discharge. They noted that Melally had always behaved as an experienced officer should. [NDAR, 8, 184-185] Elderkin was listed as Third Lieutenant aboard the large Connecticut Privateer Ship Deane (Commander ELISHA HINMAN), commissioned on 6 June 1780. At least one prize was captured on the following cruise. [Middlebrook, MCR, II, 66-67]


ELDRED, JAMES

RI

Midshipman, Continental Navy

Commander, Rhode Island Privateers


James Eldred was a resident of South Kingston, Rhode Island. He was appointed as a Midshipman in the Continental Navy on 27 May 1776. [NOAR, 100] Eldred, listing his residence as North Kingston, Rhode Island, was commissioned to the Rhode Island Privateer Schooner Happy Return on 17 March 1781. [NRAR, 326]


ELDRED, PELEG

CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Peleg Eldred was a resident of Norwich, Connecticut. [NOAR, 101] He was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Brigantine Resolution on 23 June 1781. [NRAR, 437] Resolution was captured by the British. Eldred was later exchanged. On 27 November 1781 he was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer [?] Fair American. In her he captured the sloop Polly, the brigs King George, Nancy, York, Ann, and Rambler, and the sloop Phoenix. [NOAR, 101]


ELDRIDGE, PHINEAS

PA

Commander, Pennsylvania Privateers


Phineas Eldridge was born about 1756. He was a residence of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Eldridge served aboard the Pennsylvania Privateer Brig Fair American (Commander JOSEPH JAKWAYS) as First Lieutenant from 9 December 1780. [NRAR, 286] He listed his age as 24. [NOAR, 101] On 22 May 1781 [NRAR, 286] Eldridge, now listing his age as 25, [NOAR, 101] was commissioned as commander of the Fair American. [NRAR, 286]


ELGAR, ABNER

CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Abner Elgar was in command of the Connecticut Privateer Boat Polly in September 1780 when he captured a British vessel loaded with sugar and rum in Long Island Sound. [NOAR, 101]


ELKINS. THOMAS

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


Thomas Elkins was a resident of Marblehead, Massachusetts. [NRAR, 448] He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Spring Bird on 6 November 1778. He was cap­tured and confined in the Fortun Prison, and later exchanged. In 1781 he commanded the Massachusetts Privateer [?] Hercules and was captured in January 1782 by the Lady Howe. [NOAR, 101] Elkins was home by 29 January 1783, when he was listed as the owner of Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Rover (Commander NICHOLAS MELZARD).

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

1/29/83

MA

Schooner Rover (2/20)

Nicholas Melzard

Thomas Elkins et al

Nicholas Melzard, Thomas Oliver, Thomas Elkins

Joseph Proctor, Richard Prince [NRAR, 448]


ELLEDGE, RICHARD

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Richard Elledge was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Comet on 31 March 1781. [NRAR, 255]


ELLERY, WILLIAM

RI

Committeeman, Marine Committee

Commissioner, Board of Admiralty


William Ellery became a member of the Marine Committee on 13 October 1776, succeeding STEPHEN HOPKINS. [Paullin, Navy of the American Revolution, 90] On 7 November 1776 he wrote a letter o his friend William Vernon confessing “The Conduct of the Affairs of a Navy as well as those of an Army We are yet to learn. We are still unacquainted with the systematical Management of them.” [Allen, Naval History of the American Revolution, i, 33] On 7 December 1779 Elley was selected as a Congressional member of the new Board of Admiralty. [Allen, i, 36; Paullin, 191] When Ellery was not returned to the Continental Congress he was appointed as a Commissioner of the Board of Admiralty, on 23 June 1780. [Paullin, 193] On 9 September 1780 the Board of Admiralty writes to Ellery requesting him to inquire respecting the Pigot and the Phoenix. [NRAR, 161] On 12 September 1780 the Board of Admiralty, writes to the Navy Board of the Eastern District concerning the trouble caused by the officers and crew of the Alliance; request the Navy Board consult with Captain JOHN BARRY and Ellery about it. [NRAR, 161] Ellery absent from Board of Admiralty. [NRAR, 180-181] Ellery left the Board of Admiralty on 9 July 1781. [Paullin, 208]


ELLINGWOOD, JOSHUA

MA

Commander, New Hampshire Privateers

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Joshua Ellingwood was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. [NRAR, 298] He was commissioned to the New Hampshire Privateer Brig Mars on 29 October 1778. Ellingwood was recommissioned to the Mars on 9 August 1779. His petition to be allowed to sail not withstanding the embargo against privateer sailings was granted. On 3 June 1780 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Valiant. Ellingwood now listed his address as Beverly. [NOAR, 101] According to the crew list, Ellingwood was age 28, 5'2" tall, with a dark complexion. [Howe, Beverly Privateers, 419] On 3 July 1781 Ellingwood (now listing his address as Salem) served as a bonder for Massachusetts Privateer Brig Fortune (Commander BENJAMIN IVES). [NRAR, 298]


ELLINGWOOD [ELLINWOOD], RICHARD

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Richard Ellingwood was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. On 9 June 1777 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Cleora. [NOAR, 101]


ELLINWOOD [ELLINGWOOD], BENJAMIN

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Benjamin Ellinwood [Ellingwood] was a resident of Beverly and Boston, Massachusetts. He was commissioned as commander  of the 200 ton Massachusetts Privateer Ship Sebastian on 18 September 1779. He was commissioned again, on 6 May 1780, to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Active. [Allen, MPR, 66] On 10 July 1780 Active sailed for Gottenburg from Beverly. [Howe, 405]


ELLIOT, ALEXANDER

VA

Midshipman, Virginia Navy


Alexander Elliot was a Midshipman in the Virginia Navy. [NOAR, 101]


ELLIOT [ELIOTT, ELIOT], SAMUEL

MA

Naval Agent, Connecticut Navy


Samuel Elliott was a merchant of Boston, Massachusetts. In April 1777 he was handling business in Massachusetts for the Connecticut Navy. On 22 October 1777 Elliott was formally appointed as the Connecticut Navy Agent for Massachusetts. [Paullin, Navy of the American Revolution, 361-362 and 362n1]


ELLIOT, WILLIAM

NH

Owner, New Hampshire Privateers


William Elliot of Exeter, New Hampshire was listed as one of the owners of New Hampshire Privateer Schooner Adventure (Commander JAMES JOHNSON), commissioned 2 December 1776. He was associated with JOHN TAYLOR GILMAN and ISAAC MARBLE. Vessels associated with Elliot:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

12/2/76

NH

Schooner Adventure (4/16)

James Johnson

John Taylor Gilman, William Elliot, Isaac Marble

John Taylor Gilman, William Elliot, Isaac Marble, James Johnson

Jonathan Blanchard, John Wentworth [NRAR, 221]


ELLIOTT, GEORGE, JR.

VA

Captain, Virginia Navy


George Elliott, Jr. was commissioned as a Captain in the Virginia Navy on 12 October 1776 and assigned to the Virginia Navy Galley Safeguard. [NOAR, 101-102]


ELLIOTT, JOHN

MD (P)

Captain, Continental Marines


On 14 January 1779 Deane (Captain Samuel Nicholson) and Continental Navy Ship Alliance (Captain Pierre Landais) sailed from Boston. Alliance was bound for France and parted from Deane on 17 January. Deane soon encountered the British Privateer Ship Viper, and sent her into Boston on 4 February. [Paullin, Naval History of the American Revolution, ii, 371-372; Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 200] About the same time a ship owned in London was captured, in ballast, bound from New York to Cadiz. This prize was burned. Deane continued to cruise in the West Indies for the next two months. [Paullin, Naval History of the American Revolution, ii, 372; Marines in the Revolution, 200] She met the Continental Navy Ship General Gates in the West Indies, and they sailed together for a time. [Paullin, Naval History of the American Revolution, ii, 372] Deane then put into Martinique, picked up despatches, and sailed for America. She was off the Delaware Capes early in April but was prevented from getting into the bay by bad weather. Nicholson, anxious to get agent William Bingham's despatches to Congress, sent a boat up the river with Captain of Marines John Elliott and the despatches. Elliott, tired, lay down and went to sleep. "In the passage being covered with the sail, and asleep, by some accident rolled overboard and drowned." [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 200, quoting the Boston Independent Ledger, 10 May 1779]


ELLIOTT, JOSEPH

MD

Commander, Maryland Privateers


Joseph Elliott was, perhaps, a resident of Baltimore, Maryland, when he was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Schooner Molly on 5 March 1780. [NRAR, 395] On 30 November 1780 he was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Schooner Unity. [NRAR, 483]


ELLIOTT [ELLIOT], ROBERT

MD (P)

Captain, Continental Marines


A Robert Elliott [Elliot] served as a witness to the bond of Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Rover (Commander Levi Young) on 27 August 1782. [NRAR, 448]


ELLIS, BENJAMIN

CT

Surgeon, Connecticut Navy


Benjamin Ellis was appointed as a Surgeon in the Connecticut Navy in July 1776. He served on the first cruise of the Connecticut Navy Galley Shark (Captain THEOPHILUS STANTON). He left the galley and on 15 November 1776 he was appointed Surgeon of the Connecticut Navy Brig Defence. In April 1777 he was the Surgeon on the Connecticut Navy Ship Oliver Cromwell (Captain SETH HARDING). [NOAR, 102] Benjamin Ellis of Norwich, Connecticut, was a bonder for the Connecticut Privateer Sloop Prudence (Commander THOMAS PARK, JR.) on 30 September 1782. [NRAR, 423]


ELLIS, JAMES

NC

Owner, North Carolina Privateers


James Ellis was a resident of Newbern, North Carolina. In 1778 he was associated with his presumed relative, RICHARD ELLIS, in privateering. Vessels associated with Ellis were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

1778

NC

Brig Bellona (16/)

[Sylvanus] Pendleton

Richard Ellis, James Ellis et al

 

[Coastal Carolina, 68]


ELLIS, RICHARD

NC

Continental Agent, Continental Navy

Agent, North Carolina Navy

Owner, North Carolina Privateers


Richard Ellis was a resident of Newbern, North Carolina. He was appointed as a Continental Agent for North Carolina (one of three) and was sent his instructions by the Marine Committee on 18 October 1776. [NRAR, 23] On 22 April 1778 the Marine Committee inquired of Ellis the details of the sale of the sloop Tryal captured by the Providence. [NRAR, 71] On 25 May 1778 the Marine Committee directed Ellis to purchase a “prize of salt” made by the Raleigh as that article was much needed. It also informed Ellis that his oath of office had been deposited with the Secretary of the Continental Congress. [NRAR, 73] In June or July 1778 Ellis was appointed as an Agent for the North Carolina Navy, to purchase provisions and naval supplies. [Paullin, Navy of the American Revolution, 458-459] About this time Ellis, with his presumptive relative JAMES ELLIS, and other citizens of Newbern, fitted out the North Carolina Privateer Brig Bellona, under Commander [Sylvanus] Pendleton. [see Bellona] On 7 July 1780 Ellis was given instructions by the Board of Admiralty on the disposal of money and naval stores in North Carolina. He was also asked to provide the Board of Admiralty with information on all British vessels arriving in America as soon as it was obtained. [NRAR, 150] On 21 July the Board of Admiralty directed Ellis to ship the naval stores mentioned in its 7 July letter to Philadelphia, aboard the Eagle (Lieutenant GEORGE HOUSE). [NRAR, 152]

Ellis was associated with the following privateer vessels:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

1778

NC

Brig Bellona (16/)

[Sylvanus] Pendleton

Richard Ellis, James Ellis et al

 

[Coastal Carolina, 68]


ELTING, THOMAS

NY (P/A)

Second Lieutenant, Continental Marines


Thomas Elting, presumably a native of New York, was appointed as Second Lieutenant of Marines aboard Continental Navy Ship Montgomery by Captain JOHN HODGE on 6 July 1777. [NDAR, IX, 281 and note] He presumably served aboard the Montgomery until the actions at Fort Montgomery, New York, on 7 October 1777, during which the Montgomery was burned to prevent capture. [NOAR, 102, notes he was a Marine Lieutenant in 1781, citing Allen. Allen, ii, 713, gives no date.]


ELWELL [ELLWELL], ELIAS

MA


Elias Elwell (or Ellwell) was an officer on a privateer and then a prize master. He was captured by the British and on 19 April 1779 he was committed to Forton Prison at Gosport near Portsmouth, England. On 11 Decem­ber  1779 he was pardoned for exchange. [NOAR, 102]


ELWELL [ELLWELL], HENRY BUTLER

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Henry Butler Elwell [NOAR, 102] (or Ellwell) was a resident of Falmouth, Massachusetts [now Portland, Maine]. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Union on 13 August 1781. [NRAR, 482]


ELWELL, ISAAC

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Isaac Elwell was a resident of Cape Ann, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Friendship on 3 October 1781. [NRAR, 307]


ELWOOD [EHLENWOOD, ELLWOOD], THOMAS

CT (P)

Lieutenant, Continental Marines


Thomas Elwood was born on 13 July 1754, the son of Richard and Rachel Elwood of Fairfield, Connecticut. Elwood enlisted in the Connecticut Marines as a Sergeant in March 1776, and was assigned to the Connecticut Navy Brig Defence (Captain SETH HARDING and Captain SAMUEL SMEDLEY). Elwood served aboard the Defence until the fall of 1777, when the Defence was altered at Boston from a brig to a ship. On 24 August 1778 Elwood was commissioned as First Lieutenant of Continental Marines and assigned to the Continental Navy Ship Alliance (Captain PIERRE LANDAIS), launched 28 April 1778. Elwood served aboard the Alliance throughout the remainder of the war. Alliance sailed from New London on 4 August 1782 and captured nine prizes, including four rich ones, during her cruise. She put into L'Orient, France on 18 October 1782. A dispute over prize money arose there, during which six or eight officers refused to do duty and were arrested, including all the Marine officers except Elwood. He was involved in some way, however, for he was listed on the muster roll as "pro tem" officer. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 286-287, 339] Alliance sailed for America on 9 December 1782, and arrived at Martinique on 9 January 1783. She soon sailed for Havana, stopping at St. Eustatius and Cap Francois, and arriving at Havana on 31 January. Alliance and Continental Navy Ship Duc de Lauzun (Captain JOHN GREEN) sailed from Havana on 6 March 1783. Elwood was aboard Alliance during the Battle of the Florida Straits on 10 March 1783. Alliance arrived in Rhode Island on 20 March. Since the end of the war was very near, most of her crew was discharged. Elwood was retained to perform clerical duties and make the Alliance appear as a warship. He was aboard the ship when she sailed for Virginia in late June. When Alliance sailed for Europe from Virginia she began leaking and put into Philadelphia in late August. An examination showed she needed extensive repair and her crew was ordered to be discharged. Elwood, the last serving Continental Marine officer, was discharged in September 1783. He resided in Fairfield after the war. [Smith, Marines in the Revolution, 441-442]


ELY, CALVIN

CT

Master, Connecticut Navy


Calvin Ely was commissioned in the Connecticut Navy on 27 June 1776, “to command a row galley.” Later he was Master on the Connecticut Navy Galley Crane (Captain JEHIEL TINKER). In March 1777 Crane was captured by HM Frigate Unicorn. [NOAR, 102]


ELY, WORTHINGTON

CT

Commander, Connecticut Privateers


Worthington Ely was a resident of Saybrook, Connecticut. He was commissioned to the Connecticut Privateer Galley Ranger on 25 May 1782. [NRAR, 431] On 4 July 1782 he captured a British vessel in Long Island Sound. [NOAR, 103]


EMERSON, THOMAS

PA

Commander, Pennsylvania Privateers


Thomas Emerson was born about 1757. He was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Emerson was commissioned to the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Lethe [NRAR, 371] (or Little [NOAR, 103] on 5 April 1782. [NRAR, 371] He listed his age as 25. [NOAR, 103]


EMERTON [EMMERTON], EPHRAIM

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Ephraim Emerton [NRAR, 345] (or Emmerton) [NRAR, 257] was a resident of Salem, Massachusetts. [NRAR, 257, 345] He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Schooner Congress on 19 December 1777.  On 5 October 1779 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Saratoga. [NOAR, 103] Emerton was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Hound on 8 October 1781. [NRAR, 345] His last commission was to the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Commerce on 30 August 1782. [NRAR, 257]


EMERY, SAMUEL

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


Samuel Emery, a resident of Boston, Massachusetts, appears as the owner of the Massachusetts Privateer Brigantine Hound (Commander NATHANIEL HATHAWAY) on 14 April 1781:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

4/14/81

MA

Brigantine Hound (6/20)

Nathaniel Hathaway

Samuel Emery et al

Nathaniel Hathaway, Daniel Epes, Lemuel Williams

James Howland, William Crocker [NRAR, 345]


EMMES, JOHN

PA

Pilot, Continental Navy

First Lieutenant, Pennsylvania Navy


On 28 June John Emmes [NDAR, V, 792] (or Emes) [NRAR, 114] was appointed as First Lieutenant aboard Pennsylvania Navy Fire Brigantine Vesuvius (Captain EDWARD BINGLEY), with his pay rated at $17 per month. [NDAR, V, 792] On 3 July 1776 Emmes received two months advance pay. [NDAR, V, 899] Vesuvius is noted as having a crew of five men, in addition to Captain Bingley, on 1 August 1776. [NDAR, VI, 6-7] Emmes and Bingley evidently left soon after. On 4 October 1776 JAMES BROWN was commissioned as First Lieutenant of the Vesuvius. [NOAR, 37] In September 1777 Emmes was serving aboard the Continental Navy Ship Champion (Captain JAMES JOSIAH) as a Pilot. He deserted on 27 September 1777. He was later arrested and court-martialed on 23-24 August 1779. Emmes was convicted and imprisoned. [NRAR, 114] On 1 November 1779 Emmes appealed to the Continental Congress, stating he was ignorant of the result of the court-martial and asking for a release from confinement. The letter was read on 4 November and the sentence of the court-martial was remitted. [NRAR, 121]


EMLEN, GEORGE

PA

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


George Emlen was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was associated in privateering with JOSEPH CARSON and JOHN WRIGHT STANLY. Privateers associated with Emlen were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/12/82

PA

Schooner Governor Moore (8/)

David Thomson

John Wright Stanly, George Emlen, Joseph Carson

Joseph Carson, David Thomson

Joseph Hargan, Robert McCleay [NRAR, 319]

4/2/82

PA

Schooner Greene (6/)

Samuel Davison

Joseph Carson, John Wright Stanly, George Emlen

Samuel Davison, Joseph Carson

James Trimble [NRAR, 321]


ENGS, NADETT [MADETT]

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers

Commander, Virginia Privateers


Nadett [NRAR, 103] [Madett] Engs [NRAR, 273] was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. [NRAR, 103] On 29 October 1779 he was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Thames, a vessel of which he was a part-owner at least. [Allen, MPR, 297] He was commissioned to the Virginia Privateer Brig Dolphin on 7 November 1781. [NRAR, 273] Vessels associated with Engs as owner were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

10/29/79

MA

Ship Thames (10/30)

Madett Engs

Madett Engs et al

Madett Engs, Thomas Russell, Samuel Conant, Jr.

Chambers Russell, John Cogswell [Allen, MPR, 297]


ENNALLS, SKINNER

MD

Owner, Maryland Privateers


Skinner Ennalls was listed as an owner of the Maryland Privateer Schooner Paragon (Commander CHARLES DASHIELL), commissioned 28 February 1781. Others associated with Ennalls were DAVID STEWART and GEORGE SALMON.

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

2/28/81

MD

Schooner Paragon (6/16)

Charles Dashiell

Skinner Ennalls, David Stewart, George Salmon

Charles Dashiell, John Davidson

Thomas Johnson, Jr. [NRAR, 409]


EPES, DANIEL

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


Daniel Epes was a resident of Dartmouth, Massachusetts. He was associated with SAMUEL EMERY in privateering. Vessels associated with Epes were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

3/3/82

MA

Schooner Rover Galley (4/25)

Lemuel Carver

Daniel Epes et al

Lemuel Carver, Joseph Head, Leonard Jarvis

Benjamin Jarvis, John Hichborn [NRAR, 448]

As bonder:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

4/14/81

MA

Brigantine Hound (6/20)

Nathaniel Hathaway

Samuel Emery et al

Nathaniel Hathaway, Daniel Epes, Lemuel Williams

James Howland, William Crocker [NRAR, 345]


EPPERSON, RICHARD

VA

Midshipman, Virginia Navy


Richard Epperson was a Midshipman in the Virginia Navy. [NOAR, 103]


ERSKINE, WILLIAM

MA

Owner, Massachusetts Privateers


William Erskine was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. He was associated in privateering with HENRY MITCHELL. Vessels associated with Erskine were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

11/2/79

MA

Ship Batchelor (16/120)

Alexander Holmes

William Erskine et al

Alexander Holmes, William Erskine, Henry Mitchell, Martin Brimmer, Samuel Nicholson

[Allen, MPR, 78]


ERSKINE, WILLIAM

PA

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


William Erskine was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was part of the firm of Erskine, Donaldson & Co. (see JOHN DONALDSON) which was listed, either collectively or individually, as the owners of several Pennsylvania Privateers. Vessels associated with Erskine were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

6/7/77

PA

Schooner Beggars Benison (4/17)

Samuel Smallcorn

Erskine, Donaldson & Co.

Samuel Smallcorn, George Gains, Jacob Sheafe, Jr.

Ebenezer Thompson, Jonathan Blanchard [NRAR, 233]

2/8/81

PA

Brigantine Charming Polly (6/25)

Alexander T. Ogilvie

John Donnaldson, William Erskine & Co.

John Donnaldson, Alexander T. Ogilvie

James Trimble [NRAR, 252]


ERVERS, SILAS

see EWERS, SILAS


ESKELEN [ESKELENS], GOSNINUS [GOSUINUS]

CT

Owner, Connecticut Privateers


Gosninus Eskelen was a resident of Middletown, Connecticut. He was associated in privateering with JOSHUA GRIFFITH. He was associated with the following vessels:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

10/21/79

CT

Sloop Industry (4/8)

Joshua Griffith

Gosninus Eskelen & Co.

Joshua Griffith, Gosninus Eskelen, Samuel Taylor

John Clark, Joseph Peace [NRAR, 351]

As bonder:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

11/8/82

CT

Boat Chatham (/10)

Joshua Griffith

Joshua Griffith & Co.

Joshua Griffith, Chauncey Bulkley, Gosuinus Eskelens

Lemuel Smith, Joseph Penfield [NRAR, 252]


ESKRlDGE, EDWIN

VA

Midshipman, Virginia Navy


Edwin Eskridge was a Midshipman in the Virginia Navy. [NOAR, 103]


ESKRIDGE, SAMUEL

VA

Midshipman, Virginia Navy


Samuel Eskridge was a Midshipman in the Virginia Navy. He died on 13 November 1780. [NOAR, 103]


ESKRIDGE, THOMAS

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Thomas Eskridge was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Sloop Horatio on 22 October 1779. [NOAR, 103]


EVANS, JOSEPH

SC

Commander, South Carolina Privateers


Joseph Evans was in command of the South Carolina Privateer Brig Sally at an unknown date. [Coker, 300]


EWART, R.

MD

Commander, Maryland Privateers


R. Ewart was commissioned to the Maryland Privateer Brigantine Eagle on 10 February 1783. [NOAR, 103]


EWERS [ERVERS], SILAS

MA

Commander, Massachusetts Privateers


Silas Ewers [NRAR, 245; Allen, MPR, 91] (or Ervers) [NOAR, 103] was a resident of Boston, Massachusetts. He was commissioned to the Massachusetts Privateer Ship Camberwell on 24 December 1781. [NRAR, 245; Allen, MPR, 91]


EWING, JAMES

MD

[First] Lieutenant, Maryland Navy


James Ewing was a [First] Lieutenant in the Maryland Navy. On 17 November 1780 he commanded a vessel carrying troops from Head of Elk, Maryland to Virginia, in the squadron under Commodore GRASON. [NOAR, 103-104]


EWING, ROBERT

MD

Owner, Maryland Privateers


Robert Ewing was a resident of Dorchester County, Maryland. He was listed as an owner of the Maryland Privateer Schooner Unity (Commander JOSEPH ELLIOTT) on 30 November 1780. He was associated with WILLIAM NEILL.

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

11/30/80

MD

Schooner Unity (8/25)

Joseph Elliott

Robert Ewing, William Neill

Joseph Elliott, Robert Ewing

William Hyde [NRAR, 483]


EYRE [EYRES], BENJAMIN GEORGE

PA

Naval Constructor, Continental Navy

Owner, Pennsylvania Privateers


Benjamin Eyre (or Eyres) was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He belomged to the firm of MANUEL, JEHU, and BENJAMIN EYRE, long time shipwrights at that city. [Maclay, History of American Privateers, 75] He petitioned the Continental Congress, on 18 November 1776, for his pay for services rendering in building galleys. [NRAR, 29] He repeated his memorial on 21 May 1777. [NRAR, 47]  He was associated in privateering with BERTLES SHEE, CHARLES YOUNG, and ROBERT COLLINGS. Vessels associated with Eyre were:

As owner:

Date

State

Rig/Name/Guns/Crew

Commander

Co-owners

Security

Witness

9/8/81

PA

Brigantine St. Patrick (16/50)

Robert Collings

Bertles Shee, Charles Young, Robert Collings, Benjamin Eyre,

Robert Collings, Joseph Cowperthwait

Robert Ross, James Trimble [NRAR, 465]


EYRE, JEHU

PA

Naval Constructor, Continental Navy


Jehu Eyre (or Eyres) was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He belomged to the firm of MANUEL, JEHU, and BENJAMIN EYRE, long time shipwrights at that city. [Maclay, History of American Privateers, 75]


EYRE, MANUEL

PA

Naval Constructor, Continental Navy


Manuel Eyre (or Eyres) was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He belomged to the firm of MANUEL, JEHU, and BENJAMIN EYRE, long time shipwrights at that city. [Maclay, History of American Privateers, 75]


EYRES [AYRES], RICHARD [ROBERT]

PA

Captain, Pennsylvania Navy

First Mate, Pennsylvania Privateers


Richard Eyres [NRAR, 265] (or Robert, or Ayres) [NOAR, 104] was a resident of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. [NRAR, 265] On 19 September 1775 he was commissioned as a Captain in the Pennsylvania Navy and assigned to the Pennsylvania Navy Galley Camden. On 1 December 1776 he was transferred to the Pennsylvania Navy Schooner Delaware. [NOAR, 104] He was listed as First Mate on the Pennsylvania Privateer Ship Delaware (Commander JOHN PROLE), commissioned 20 February 1781. [NRAR, 265]


Revised 4 May 2012 © awiatsea.com