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Dutch Naval Strength
in 1782





Dutch naval strength in 1782


Ron van Maanen, 27 July 2008


The British declaration of war against the Dutch Republic is dated 20 December 1780. Our naval strength at that date must be described as worse with totally 69 ships of which 51 were actually in service, although even some of those last ships were undermanned. The war ended by truce on 26 January 1783 with one by the public known battle at the Doggersbank which both sides claimed as a victory. The Dutch squadron involved in that battle was commanded by Zoutman.


In 1782 bookseller A. Stubbe from Utrecht published the fourth and approved naval list of our navy. The originally Dutch written text is by me translated into English and for the ships-of-the-line added by some details.



List of warships belonging to the Admiralty of the Maze in 1780

Ron van Maanen, 2008


Maas, built 1728, 74 guns,250 men, dimensions 160 x 45 x 20.

Prins Willem, built 1747, 70 guns, 550 men, dimensions 166 x 44 x 20.

Mars, built 1761, 60 guns, 418 men, dimensions 160 x 44 x 20.

Prins Fredrik, built 1777, 64 guns, number of men not mentioned, dimensions 167 x 46 3/11

x 20

Rotterdam, built 1760, 54 guns, 30 men, dimensions 159 (over deck) x 40 8/11 x 18¾.

Dordrecht, built 1739, 54 guns, number of men not mentioned, dimensions 145 x 40 x 18.

Schiedam, built 1744, 50 guns, 300 men, dimensions 145 x 40 x 18.

Prinses Carolina, 1747 built, 54 guns, 300 men, dimensions 146 x 40 x 18.

M.H. Tromp, built 1777, 54guns, member of men not mentioned, dimensions 154 x 43 5/11

x 19.

Castor, built 1758, 36 guns, 230 men, dimensions 136 (over deck) x 37 x 17.

Thetis, built 1766, 36 gun, number of men not mentioned, dimensions 140 x 37 x 15½.

Jason, built 1770, 36 guns, 230 men, dimensions 140 (over deck) x 37 x 15.

Briel, built 1775, 36 guns, 230 men, dimensions 140 (over deck) x 37 x 15.

Bellona, built 1761, 20 guns, number of crew not mentioned, dimensions 124 x 34 x 14.

Oranjezaal, built 1751, 20 guns, 120 men, dimensions 120 x 33 x 13¼.

Arend, built 1768, 20 guns, 150 men, dimensions 124 x 34 4/11 x 14 3/11.

Zephier, built 1760, 12 guns, number of crew not mentioned, dimensions 94 (over deck) x

26½ x 10.


Totally 3078 men.


Source:

Archive Admiralties XXXI Bisdom 1525-1793 no. 113 (National Archive at The Hague).


Admiralty of the Maze


Built

Name

Commanding Officer

Guns

Crew

1780

Prins Frederik1

captain J.J. van Hoey

68

450

vice admiral Pichot

1781

Kortenaar2

captain Hoofd

64

450

1782

Wassenaar3

captain G. Oorthuis

64

450

1782

Herkules4

64

650

1745

Schiedam5

captain Rauws

54

300

1780

Admiraal Tromp6

captain Van Gennip

54

300

1782

Pollux

captain E. Bisdom

44

250

1782

Castor

44

250

1781

Centarus

40

250

1776

Den Briel

captain A.A. Bols

36

230

1766

Thetis

captain B. van Treslong

36

230

1770

Jason

captain S. Story

36

230

1769

Arend

captain Delphos

24

150

1763

Bellona

captain J.E. Reyd

24

150

1752

Oranjezael

lieutenant E. Lucas

24

150


cutters

1781

Sperwer

lieutenant F. Smeer

24

120

1781

Windhond

lieutenant F. Goeverts

24

120

Zephier [guardship]

16

100

1781

Brak

captain Baak

18

90


advice vessels

1781

Kemphaan

lieutenant Eyé

12

60

1780

Vaardigheid

captain Basart

8 swivels


uitleggers (small guard vessels) and lootsschuiten (pilot boats)

Waakzaamheid

lieutenant C. Smeer

18

90

Snoek

captain De Gorter

12

60

Toezicht

captain Rynbende

10

60

Vlieger

captain Kloot

6

40

Kykuit

captain Walrave

4

25

Schildpad

captain Hazenood

4

12


privateers

Vliegende Vis

captain Schelvis

12

Havick

captain Jong



Admiralty of Amsterdam


Built

Name

Commanding Officer

Guns

Crew

1760

Admiraal Generaal7

vice admiral Hartsinck

rear admiral Van Kinsbergen

74

550

1779

Admiraal de Ruyter8

vice admiral Zoutman

captain A.H.C. Staring

68

450

1759

Nassau9

rear admiral N. Rietveld

68

450

1765

Amsterdam10

vice admiral Byland

rear admiral Dedel

68

450

1780

Unie11

captain Graaf van Welderen

68

450

1781

Utrecht12

captain A. Braak

68

450

1781

Gelderland13

rear admiral W. v. Braam

68

450

1779

Batavier14

captain J.L. Bosch

54

300

1769

Nassau Wylburg15

captain Cras

54

300

1780

Prinses Louisa16

captain N. Riemersma

54

300

1770

Erfprins17

captain Graaf van Rechteren

54

300

1768

Admiraal Piet Hein18

captain G.V.H. Dekker

54

300

1768

Prinses Royaal Frederica Sophia Wilhelmina19

captain Raders

54

300

1754

Glindhorst20

captain L. Abreson

54

300

1753

Rhynland21

captain Mulder

54

300

1755

Schieland22

hospitalship

54

1753

Zuileveld

captain Van Loo

44

250

1755

Landskroon

captain Mauregnault

44

250

1751

Ph[o]enix

captain Van Son

44

250

1759

Zwieten

captain J.L. Nauman

44

250

1781

Tyger

captain E.C. Staring

44

250

1749

Het Loo

44

250

1772

Argo

captain J.P. van Braam

40

270

1761

Hof Zouburg

captain P.H. van Pelt

36

230

1767

Beverwyk

captain Boot

36

230

1770

Amphitrite

captain Van Woensel

36

230

1772

Jason

captain Sels

36

230

1768

Bellona

captain G.A. van Overmeer

36

230

1767

Zephier

captain Wierts

36

230

1772

Dolphyn

captain J.O. Vaelland

24

156

1768

Thetis

captain Sprengler

24

156

1770

Valk

captain Silvester

24

156

1768

Venus

captain A.W. Willink

24

156

1769

Waakzaamheid

captain P. Smalen

24

156

1774

Alarm [hospital ship]

 

24

1768

Boreas [hospital ship]

 

24


smaller vessels

1780

Ajax [advice yacht]

lieutenant Petersen

24

150

1782

Mercuur

lieutenant Jan Ort

24

150


uitleggers and pilotvessels

Spion

captain Stuyzer

12

70

Zeebaars

captain Van Meus

12

70

Zwaluw

captain Jansen

10

50

Vos

captain Van der Mey

8

50

Jonge Pieter

captain Duinker

Margarita

captain Breed

De Drie Gezusters

captain Davids


privateers

Dolphyn

captain V.d. Linden

24

Triton

captain V.d. Biest

22

Spion

captain Coers

18



Admiralty of Zealand


Built

Name

Commanding Officer

Guns

Crew

1756

Zuidbeveland23

captain Baron van Kinkel

64

420

1733

Zierikzee24

rear admiral Van Kruyne

64

420

1781

Goes25

captain Stavorinus

54

300

1761

Bruyswyk

captain Van Pruyst

36

230

1767

Walcheren

captain Haringsman

24

180

1756

Sint Maartensdyk

captain Dryber

24

150


uitleggers and pilotvessels

Hoop

captain Magnus

16

60

Verwagting

captain Noels

16

60

Dolphyn [adviceyacht]

captain Liersen

16

60


privateers

Zeeuw

captain Turcq

16

Doggersbank

20

Vriendschap

captain Toulon

16

Vlissinger

captain Jarry

14

Hoop

12

Goede Verwagting

captain Cassin

12

Zeeuwse Waterleeuw

10

Vaardigheid

Verenaar

captain Koelberg



Admiralty of the Noorderkwartier


Built

Name

Commanding Officer

Guns

Crew

1782

Noord-Holland26

64

450

1782

Alkmaar27

captain Ryneveld

50

300

1782

Munnikendam

captain Kuiper

44

270

1757

Dieren

captain Coerman

36

230

1779

Medenblik

captain Hekkers

36

230

1779

Hoorn

24

150

1779

Enkhuizen

captain Frykenius

24

150


uitleggers and pilotvessels

Maria Johanna

captain De Groot

20

70

Expeditie

captain Medendorp

20

70

Jager [adviceyacht]

captain Bloys

16

70

Zeemeeuw

captain Slok

10

40

Zeepost

captain De Leeuw

6

20

Oranje

captain Spruyt

6

20



Admiralty of Friesland


Built

Name

Commanding Officer

Guns

Crew

1782

Harlingen

captain Graaf van Rechteren

44

270

1781

Pallas

captain A. de Rook

44

270

1779

Eensgezindheid

captain Bouritius

36

230

1782

Juno

captain D. Wicht

36

230

1782

Snelheid

captain Hengst

12

60


uitleggers and pilotvessels

Faam

captain De Bok

16

80

Meeuw

captain Cornelis

14

70

Windhond

captain Roukes

6

20

Brak

captain Vlielander

6

20

Spion(s)

captain Stoeff

6

20



Totally available 1 à 70 guns, 7 à 68 guns, 6 à 64 guns, 12 à 54 guns, 11 à 44 guns, 2 à 40 guns, 14 à 36 guns and 18 à 24 guns, 27 Sols and 45 frigates and another 29 smaller vessels.


Building: admiralty of the Maze 1 à 70 guns, 1 à 60 guns, 1 à 40 guns, admiralty of Amsterdam on stocks on naval and private yards 2 à 70 guns, 5 à 60 guns, admiralty of the Noorderkwartier naval yard 1 à 60 guns, to be launched within days and at private yards 3 à 60 guns, for the admiralties of Zealand and Friesland unknown.


Sources:

Vierde Nieuwe Vermeerderde en Verbeeterde Lijst der Zeemagt van de Republiek der Vereenigde Nederlanden Zoo der Scheepen van Linie, fregatten, kotters, uytleggers en kapers welke reeds in commissie leggen, met het getal der ophebbende stukken geschut en manschappen, als ook van de geene welke nog niet in commissie gesteld zyn beneevens de opgave van de jaaren in welke de scheepen gebouwd zijn. Published in 1782 in Utrecht by A. Stubbe, bookseller.


For the details for the individually ships my own research results.



1 3rd charter, Prins Frederik, on stocks at naval yard at Rotterdam June 1777, launched 15 June 1779, captured by British 1796, dimensions 167 (over deck) x 46 3/11 x 20 4/11, 60-64 guns, 1270e tons.


2 3rd charter Kortenaar or Cortenaar, on stocks at naval yard Rotterdam August 1780, launched 8 July 1781, sold/broken up 1794, dimensions 167 (over deck) x 46 3/11 x 20, 60-68 guns, 450 men.


3 3rd charter Wassenaar, begin building by P. van Zwijndregt Pzn. at naval yard at Rotterdam March 1781, launched May 1782, captured by British 1797, dimensions 167 (over deck) x 46 3/11 x 20, 60-68 guns, 1270e builders measurement tons.


4 3rd charter Hercules, launched at the yard of Jacob Spaan at the Wilgenbos at Dordrecht 12 April 1781, captured by British 1797, dimensions 167 (over deck) x 46 3/11 x 20, draught 21 8/11-22 8/11, 54-66 guns, 450 men.


5 4th charter Schiedam, built by Paulus van Zwijndrecht at naval yard at Rotterdam 1744-1745, broken up 1790-1792, dimensions 145-146 x 40 x 18-18½, 46-56 guns, 250-300 men.


6 4th charter, Tromp or Maarte Harpertsz Tromp, begin building at naval yard at Rotterdam June 1777, launched November 1779, captured by British 1796, dimensions 154 (over deck) x 43 9/11 x 19, 50-60 guns, 200 men, 1040e tons builders measurement.


7 2nd charter Admiraal Generaal, on stocks at Amsterdam 1763, launched 1764, sold 1795, dimensions 179-812 (lower deck) x 48 9/11 x 22, 70-74 guns, 550 men.


8 3rd charter Admiraal de Ruyter, on stocks by John May at Amsterdam 22 July 1777, launched 13 November 1778, captured by British, dimensions 167½ x 46 9/11 x 20½, 60-68 guns, 350-450 men, 1264e tons builders measurement


9 Nassau, 3rd charter, built by John May at naval yard at Amsterdam 1759, broken up 1784, dimensions 166 6/11-167½ (prow) x 45 8/11-46 3/11 x 20-20½, 64-68 guns, 450 men.


10 3rd charter Amsterdam, on stocks at Amsterdam 1763, launched 1764, sold 1795, dimensions 167½-170 (lower deck) x 45 5/11-45 8/11 x 19 6/11-20½, 60-68 guns, 450 men.


11 3rd charter, Unie, on stocks at Amsterdam 29 May 1781, wrecked 1782, dimensions 167½ (lower deck) x 46 8/11 x 20½, 64-68 guns, 450 men.


12 3rd charter Utrecht, on stocks at naval yard at Amsterdam 7 July 1780, launched 1781, captured by British 1799, dimensions 167 4/11-167½ (lower deck) x 45 4/11-46 9/11 x 18 4/11-20½, 64-68 guns, 450 men.


13 3rd charter Gelderland, on stocks at Amsterdam 2 December 1780, 1782 still not completed, captured by British 1799, dimensions 167 4/11-167½ (lower deck) x 45 4/11-46 9/11 x 18 411-20½, 60-68 guns, 350-450 men.


14 4th charter Batavier, on stocks at Amsterdam 8 September 1777, launched 18 February 1779, captured by British 1799, dimensions 154½ x 43 x 20, 50-56 guns, 300 men.


15 4th charter, Nassau Weilburg, built by John May at naval yard at Amsterdam 1760, wrecked 1783, dimensions 153 (lower deck)-154 x 43-43 9/11 x 17 2/11-20, 52-54 guns, 300 men.


16 4th charter Prinses Louisa, built at Amsterdam 1769, 1795 renamed Broederschap, hospitalship, captured by British but left behind 1799, sold to be broken up 1800, dimensions 154½ x 43-43 9/11 x 20, 50-56 guns, 200-300 men.


17 4th charter Erfprins, built by John May at naval yard at Amsterdam 1770, completed 1772, wrecked 1783, dimensions 154-154½ (lower deck) x 43-43 9/11 x 18 5/11-20 guns, 52-56, 200-300 men.


18 4th charter, Piet Hein or Admiraal Piet Hein, on stocks at naval yard at Amsterdam 4 March 1773, launched 6 October 1774, completed 1776, sold to be broken up 1799, dimensions 154½ x 43-43 9/11 x 18 5/11-20, 54-56 guns.


19 3rd charter Prinses Royaal Frederika Sophia Wilhelmina, built at Amsterdam 1769, broken up >1785-1787<, dimensions  154½ x 43 x 20, 54-64 guns.


20 4th charter Glindhorst, built by Charles Bentam at naval yard at Amsterdam 1754, still on stocks 1755, sold 1788, dimensions 153 (lower deck) x 43 x 18½-20, 50-54 guns, 300 men.


21 4th charter Rijnland, built at Amsterdam 1753, exploded/burnt 1783, dimensions 153 (lower deck) x 43 x 18½-20, 52-54 guns, 300 men.


22 4th charter, Schieland, built by Charles Bentham at naval yard at Amsterdam 1755, stricken 1782, dimensions 153 (lower deck) x 43 x 20, 54 guns.


23 3rd charter Zuid Beveland, on stocks at Flushing 1746, launched 1747, sold to be broken up 1795, dimensions 156 (prow) x 44-44 1/11 x 18 3/11-19½, 60-64 guns, 420 men.


24 3rd charter, Zierikzee, built by Hendrik Raas at Flushing 1733, wrecked 1782, dimensions 156 (prow) x 44-44¼ x 18½-18¾, draught 17¼, 58-64 guns, 350-380 men.


25 4th charter Goes or Ter Goes, built 1781 at Vlissingen, broken up 1797, dimensions 154 x 43 x 19, 50-58 guns, 300 men.


26 3rd charter Noord Holland, built 1782-1783, broken up/sold 1795-1796, dimensions 167½ x 46 5/11 x 20½, 60-69 guns.


27 4th charter, Alkmaar, built at Enkhuizen 1781-1782, captured by British 1799, dimensions 154½-160 (establishment)x 43-45 (establishment) x 20-20½, (establishment),  height between decks 6'5", 50-56 guns, 350-400 men, 1041e tons builders measurement.



This list and work kindly furnished by Ron van Maanen, 12 August 2008


Revised 6 August 2014 © awiatsea.com